ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

230(320)/Asian Studies 230/Phil. 230/Rel. 230. Introduction to Buddhism. (4). (HU).

An introduction to the Buddhist religion, with attention to its moral and philosophical teachings, its modes of practice (e.g., meditation and ritual), and its social and institutional structures. The course takes a historical approach, concentrating on the origins of the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Tantric traditions in India, and the subsequent development of those traditions in Tibet and East Asia. Students attend three hours of lecture and a one-hour discussion section each week. There will be a midterm, final exam, and a paper. No previous knowledge of the subject is required. [Cost:3] [WL:4] (Lopez)

316/Asian Studies 316/Rel. 316. Japanese Religion. (3). (Excl).

An examination of religious beliefs, practices, and institutions in Japanese society, past and present. The course treats the historical development and current situation of major religious traditions and movements in Japan, shrine and state Shinto, the various schools of Buddhism, and the so-called New Religions that have flourished in modern times. Throughout, attention is paid to commonly recurring elements of Japanese religiosity, such as ancestor worship, beliefs in fate and karma, festivals, pilgrimages, the sanctification of natural phenomena, taboos against impurities, exorcisms, and rites of purification. The course is designed not only to familiarize students with the basics of Japanese religion narrowly conceived, but to provide insights into the intellectual, ethical, and spiritual wellsprings of contemporary Japanese culture at large. As such, it is recommended for all students with interests in or dealings with Japan, regardless of academic or professional discipline. No knowledge of Japanese language or prior study of Japan is required. All readings of primary Japanese texts are in English translation. There will be a midterm and final exam, and a research paper on a topic of the student's own choosing (subject to instructor's approval).

405. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the student's primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). The course offers explanations in the grammar of literary Tibetan and the standard script (dbu-can). All exercises will be taken directly from classical sources. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Lopez)

480/Asian Studies 480/Phil. 457/Rel. 480. Problems in Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 230 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course covers selected topics in the history of Buddhist ideas. The class combines lectures and discussions on a number of primary sources ("Buddhist texts") in English translation. Buddhist doctrines are approached from several points of view using the conceptualizations of classical Buddhist systems, as well as modern tools from history of religions, literary criticism, and the social sciences. The subtitle and focus for this course in Fall 1992 will be Pure and Impure Worlds. The topics covered will be Buddhist mythologies and cosmographies of the afterlife, with a special emphasis on the descriptions of the hells and heavens, and the imagery used to describe imperfect worlds and perfect paradises. The theologies (or "buddhologies") that justify and explain such beliefs will also be discussed. Reading include English translations of texts originating in India, China, and Japan. The course is open to upper-division undergraduates and to graduate students. Course work and readings presuppose previous exposure to the academic study of religion and the study of Asia. Two short papers and one examination. (Gomez)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101. Beginning Chinese. (5). (LR).

Chinese 101 is an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading and writing Chinese. The student is expected to achieve control of the sound system, basic sentence patterns and basic vocabulary of Standard Mandarin Chinese. Starting the 5th week, we will learn to read and write the characters. In Chinese 101, the major emphasis is on speaking and aural comprehension. We recommend that students listen to the tapes one hour per day. This is a five-credit-hour course. We meet one hour each day. Tuesdays and Thursdays are lectures; Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays are recitations. Students are required to register for both a lecture section and a recitation section. Attendance is taken everyday and no audits are allowed. Textbooks: (a) John DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese (Yale Univ. Press) (b) John DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese Reader, Part I and II (Yale Univ. Press). Materials covered (Fall Term): Beginning Chinese, Lessons 1-13. Beginning Chinese Reader, Lessons 1-12. Cost:2 WL:1 (Tao)

201. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' BEGINNING CHINESE or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 800 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom attendance, and weekly quizzes or tests. The text is CHINESE LINGUISTICS PROJECT, Princeton, INTERMEDIATE CHINESE. Students who are native or near-native Mandarin Chinese speakers are not eligible for this course. They should enroll in Chinese 302 (Reading and Writing Chinese) which covers all of the material presented in Chinese 201 / 202 and is offered in the Winter term. No visitors are allowed. Cost:3 WL:4 (Liang)

250. Topics in Chinese Civilization. No knowledge of Chinese required. (1-3). (Excl).
Ideas and Images of China.
This new course will explore the identity of a people, defined for themselves and projected to others, by themselves and by outsiders. With readings, films, and other materials, we will study the relationship between ethnicity, language, culture, and location of the Chinese, their self-definition in relation to non-Chinese on their borders and eventually Westerners on their shores. How has historic identity shaped the events of the present century? What cultural significance lies in the ideas and images of watershed events like the fall of Beijing to the Mongols, the Opium War, the collapse of the last empire, the civil war and communist takeover, the outflow of students overseas from both Chinas, and the worldwide showing of the Tiananmen incident? What constitutes the identity of Chinese living outside China in the globalized culture of the world today? Class will be a combined lecture and discussion format and will require three short papers. (DeWoskin)

301. Reading and Writing Chinese. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chinese 101 or 102. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with native or near-native speaking ability in Chinese, but little or no reading and writing ability. Chinese 301 meets three hours per week; it focuses on reading and writing Chinese and will cover the regular 101-102 reading materials. Students will be graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, daily quizzes, periodic tests, and homework assignments. The basic text is Beginning Chinese Reader by John DeFrancis. Cost:1 WL:1

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Chinese (UM courses 101 through 202, or equivalent course at another institution). The purpose of the course is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first- and second-year Chinese by providing two hours a week for students to talk, talk, and talk. This is accomplished through presentation of brief speeches and discussions on topics selected by the class. The role of the instructor, who serves as a co-ordinator for the class, is not to teach students how to speak Chinese, but to encourage and coach them in speaking Chinese. Vocabulary lists will be provided before and after each discussion session. The grade will be determined by students' attendance, participation in discussion, and vocabulary quizzes. This course is not for native speakers, auditors, or sit-ins. One will not achieve much in this course if one tends to cut class habitually or is a bored listener or a passive talker. Cost:1 WL:1 (Liang)

405. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378 (ADVANCED SPOKEN CHINESE.) Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Baxter)

431. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 406 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 431-432, Contemporary Social Science Texts, is a two-term advanced Chinese language course sequence focusing on Chinese politics, economy, diplomacy, and culture. It is intended for students who have an interest in the social sciences as they apply to China, and who have successfully completed Chinese 405-406 (Third-Year Chinese) or the equivalent. Though reading skills are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields. Contemporary Chinese texts are read and [WL:NA]

451. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).

This is a course primarily for specialists, requiring knowledge of Modern Chinese at least through the Second Year level. Through the use of Shadick's A First Course in Literary Chinese and selected handouts, the styles of written Chinese of imperial China from prose to poetry are selectively introduced. Class is taught in small recitation groups requiring constant preparation by the student. Quizzes, tests, and hand-in exercises on a weekly basis, plus a final exam, are used to measure progress. Emphasis is on understanding of the tests, as well as the ability to render them clearly into English. This course is the first half of a two-term sequence that is prerequisite to more advanced Chinese courses. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Forage)

461. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 406 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Graded readings at an advanced level deal with a variety of materials to improve command of structure and vocabulary in a range of standard colloquial styles. Primary emphasis is on reading and understanding and increasing reading speed, but development of speaking and writing skills also stressed. Weekly assignments (compositions in Chinese and translations into English) are required. This course is the first half of a two-term sequence. [WL:NA]

468/Phil. 468. Classical Chinese Thought (To A.D. 220). Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Philosophy 468 focuses on the major philosophical schools of the Chou-Han period, which was roughly equivalent in time and intellectual fertility to the classical ages of Greece and Rome. Among these schools, special consideration is given to the Confucian and Taoist schools, since the doctrines associated with these were the sources of the two major philosophical traditions in China for the next 2000 years and affected very significant cultural developments in the arts, religion, science, and politics. The course concentrates on Chinese ethics and political philosophies (with notable exceptions in the case of certain Taoist thinkers) and on the theories of human nature that were associated with them. Among the more interesting political theories discussed are those pertaining to social control or the most desirable and effective ways of mobilizing the population for goals determined by the rulers. Chinese philosophers have been somewhat unusual in occupying political office and in having an opportunity to test their ideas in practice. This fact has affected the character of Chinese philosophy from the beginning, and it makes the study of Chinese political philosophy especially intriguing. There is some background consideration of the social and living conditions of the periods in which the various philosophies emerged. No knowledge of Chinese is required. Readings are in translation. All students are required to prepare an annotated, critical bibliography of secondary readings. Other course requirements include a midterm and a final examination. (Munro)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Largely through lectures, this course will examine the highlights of early Chinese literature from antiquity to the 13th century. We will begin with The Book of Changes, The Book of Songs, and a few ancient philosophical texts (which are written in brilliant literary styles) from the millennium before Christ, the millennium in which China made an astonishing "philosophic breakthrough" in its civilization. We will then undertake to follow the development of the various forms of poetry, fiction, and other kinds of prose during the subsequent centuries. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with, and also to be able to enjoy, these masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the ages. Three 5-page papers and a final exam are required. Sample readings include Cyril Birch, ed., Anthology of Chinese Literature, Vol. I; two major texts in Taoist mysticism: Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching and the "Inner Chapters" of the Chuang Tzu: Basic Writings; Burton Watson, The Columbia Book of Chinese Poetry; and other materials in a course pack. WL:NA (Lin)

476/RC Hums. 476/Asian Studies 476. Writer and Society in Modern China. (4). (HU).

This is an invitation to study some major examples of twentieth-century Chinese literature (primarily fiction), a literature produced during a period of great historical upheaval and that has itself been a battleground for political, cultural, and aesthetic issues. While taking note of the complex ways in which this fiction reflects social change, we for our own pleasure want to study our examples carefully to understand and appreciate their artistry and diversity as works of literature. Through our readings we will be examining such issues as the breakdown of tradition, the impact of Western literature, and the responses to a world seen as undergoing revolution. Here are some questions we will be asking: What kind of external reality is projected by these texts? What demands are placed on form and content by political pressures? What is the role and self-conception of the writer as avant-garde rebel, historical witness, social critic, political martyr? And, considering the often fatal struggle involved, what is the purpose or meaning of writing? Why write? Readings will include such works of the May 4th era (1920s-30s) as stories by Lu Xun, Family (Ba Jin), Rickshaw (Lao She), "Miss Sophie's Diary" (Ding Ling), etc.; examples of "revolutionary literature" (1940s-60s), some stories from Taiwan; and conclude with the neo-realistic and avant-garde fiction of the 1980s. Class format: lecture/discussion. Requirements: three short papers, a final exam. No knowledge of Chinese is required. Cost:2 WL:1 (Y. Feuerwerker)

588. Sinological Tools and Methods. Chinese 452 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the materials and techniques for reading and research in premodern history, literature, and thought. Emphasis is placed on guiding students through the transition from reading supervised and glossed texts to independent reading, with recourse to commentaries and lexical aids essential for the interpretation of primary sources. Principles of traditional Chinese bibliography outline the survey of a broad range of textual materials, including histories, encyclopediae, collectanea, gazeteers, digests, and collected works. Beyond improvement of technical skills, the course seeks to achieve an overall understanding of traditional sources and efficient access to their contents, the types of research they will support, and the state of the art in various Sinological fields. [WL:1] (Rolston)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101. Beginning Japanese. (5). (LR).

A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two Kana syllabaries ( Katakana and Hiragana ) and elementary characters ( Kanji ) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Parts I-II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. Cost:2 WL:1

201. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers/essays in response to questions about these texts. Discussions on the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to practice a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Parts II-III; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. Cost:2 WL:1

250. Calligraphy. Japanese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.

In this course students will learn the art of Japanese Calligraphy. Students who have taken the course previously will be permitted to enroll in the course and will learn intermediate or advanced calligraphy. (You may take the course up to three times for credit). Materials will be available on the first day of class; however, students are encouraged to purchase their own calligraphy sets (approximately $20.00). Students are also required to pay a paper fee of approximately $5.00. Please bring 2 days of newspapers to the first day of class. Cost:1. WL:NA.

378. Advanced Spoken Japanese. Japanese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

Instruction in storytelling, lecturing, and speechmaking, with emphasis on both the construction of discourse and Japanese patterns of oral delivery. The class will also include discussions of socio-cultural differences and difficulties Americans have integrating into the Japanese environment. [Cost:2] [WL:1]

401. Japanese Literature in Translation: Classical Periods to 1600. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

A survey of Japanese literature from the eighth century through the sixteenth. All assigned readings are in English translation, and no previous knowledge of Japan or the Japanese language is required. Special attention is given to the great works of the Japanese literary tradition, including the MAN 'YOSHU, the eighth century anthology of native poetry; THE TALE OF GENJI, the novel of court life from the early eleventh century; diaries and essays from the Heian period (ca. 800-1200); the epic war tales of the thirteenth century; and some of the major noh plays of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This course, together with Japanese 402, its sequel, are recommended to all students with a general interest in literature or in Japanese culture. Classes are in a lecture and discussion format, with ample opportunity for questions from students. The course has a midterm and a final examination, emphasizing essay questions. Also, one short paper of some 8 to 10 pages is required. In addition to a course pack, required texts include: E.G. Seidensticker, trans., THE TALE OF GENJI; and H. McCullough, trans., THE TALE OF THE HEIKE. The course is required for concentrators in Japanese. Cost:3 WL:2 (E. Ramirez-Christensen)

405. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 202 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a native English speaker. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Part III; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese; selected reading materials for Third-Year Japanese. Cost:2 WL:1

407. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 406. (4). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. The emphasis is upon a literary approach, using close reading and translation, in class, of Japanese texts. Occasional papers and written translations are required. The pace of reading is intended to help the student build up reading speed and comprehension. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other basic research aids effectively. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Ito)

416. Communicative Competence for Japan Oriented Careers. Japanese 406, 411 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Topics include: Organization, Business Travel, Meetings, Bureaucracy, Distribution, Expansion, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of moderately difficult texts, newspaper articles, and news broadcasts. Cost:2 WL:2

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the acquisition of specialized terminology and clarification of problems which arise in understanding these readings. Students are required to attend three hours of class a week. Homework includes a minimum of two hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare the readings so they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. There are also Japanese essay assignments on the readings covered in class. Cost:3 WL:1

541. Classical Japanese. Japanese 406 and 408, or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

An introduction to the classical written language, with emphasis upon grammar, syntax, and various classical written styles. A reading knowledge of modern Japanese (equivalent to at least three years of study) is a prerequisite. Class meetings are devoted to reading, translating from Japanese into English, and grammatical analysis. A selection of literary works from the tenth through the sixteenth centuries are read, with stress on accurate translation, close analysis of grammatical structure, and careful attention to literary qualities. This course is required of graduate concentrators in Japanese and is a prerequisite (with Japanese 542) to advanced work in pre-modern Japanese literature. It is also highly recommended to graduate students of pre-modern Japanese history, Japanese art history, Buddhism, etc. It may also be taken by undergraduates with sufficient advanced preparation in the modern language. WL:NA (Danly)

554. Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 408 or permission of instructor. (3 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course provides students the opportunity to read major works of modern Japanese literature in the original and to discuss them in a seminar setting. The topic for the course changes each term. The seminar may focus on a single prominent writer such as Mori Ogai, Natsume Soseki, or Tanizaki Jun'ichiro; survey such literary movements as Japanese Naturalism or the Shirakaba school; or explore such issues as the image of the individual, the vision of the past, or the uses of the first person narrator in the modern Japanese novel. Participants in the seminar should be prepared to read a novel a week in Japanese, contribute regularly to discussions, and present frequent oral critiques of the texts discussed. A twenty-page paper is required. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Ito)

Courses in Korean (Division 409)

101. Beginning Korean. (5). (LR).

As the first half of the beginning-year course in spoken and written Korean, it will emphasize the aural / oral skill, but attention will also be given to grammatical structure. Class regularly meets five time a week 2 hours of lectures and 3 hours of aural / oral practice and daily attendance is expected. In addition, students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Though lectures, students will learn Korean characters, be able to read sentences with considerable fluency, and understand the basic grammatical structures of Korean. Based on the knowledge obtained through lectures, recitation classes will help the students develop an ability to use basic conversational expressions freely. The checkpoints for evaluation include homework assignments, weekly quizzes, reading aloud, and oral interviews. Those interested in taking this course are recommended to see the instructor before registration. WL:3 (Park, Staff)

201. Second Year Korean. Korean 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

As the first half of the second-year course in spoken and written Korean, it will emphasize the aural / oral skill, but attention will also be given to grammatical structure. Class regularly meets five time a week 2 hours of lectures and 3 hours of aural / oral practice and daily attendance is expected. In addition, students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Though lectures, students will learn relatively complex structural patterns of Korean, build up their vocabulary, and get acquainted with various aspects of Korean culture and society. Based on the knowledge obtained through lectures, recitation classes will help the students develop an ability to carry on survival level of conversation. In evaluation, weight will be placed on homework assignments, biweekly quizzes, and oral interviews. Those interested in taking this course are recommended to see the instructor before registration. WL:3 (Park, Staff)

401. Third Year Korean. Korean 202 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Third-Year Korean will help students improve their skills, both spoken and written, up to intermediate-high level. Class meets 5 hours per week 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. In lecture classes, the students will learn Chinese characters, and thereby build up their vocabulary and heighten reading ability. The reading materials will inform the students of various cultural aspects of Korea. Through weekly writing assignments, the students will also learn more accurate syntax, pragmatic ways of expression, and logical ways of thinking in Korean. In recitation classes, strengthened aural / oral training will be given. The students will tell a short story, have free group-discussion, and learn songs. Evaluation will be based on attendance, homework assignments, exams, class activities, and various oral performances. WL:3 (Park, Staff)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (Division 483)

Language Courses

101(301). Beginning Thai. (5). (LR).

Standard Thai, the language of Thailand, is typical of mainland Asia in its basic structure (pronunciation, grammar), but it also shows its ties to Indian culture in its alphabetic script and much of its vocabulary. The language offers a window onto a culture that has maintained much of its autonomy from Western influence, while being at the same time accessible to the open-minded inquirer (it is also worth mentioning that Thailand currently has one of Asia's fastest growing economies). The focus of the course is one use of the spoken language in everyday situations. Upon successful completion of the two-term sequence, students will be able to conduct conversations dealing with basic "survival" concerns, such as food, transportation, lodging, giving and receiving directions, etc., and will be able to read short elementary passages and use a dictionary. Class activities are mainly oral, and students will learn the Thai script, which is used in the written course materials from the first day of class. The beginnings of acquaintance with Thai culture, history, geography, etc. are offered, both in the content of the language lessons and in supplementary English-language presentations. Cost:1 WL:4 (Montatip Brown)

103(303). Beginning Indonesian. (5). (LR).

Indonesian is the national language of Indonesia, a country noted for its rich and deep cultural heritage as well as for its remarkable cultural diversity. With its 180,000,000 speakers, Indonesian is the sixth most prevalently spoken of world languages. The relatively simple syntactic and grammatical structures which characterize Indonesian make it an accessible language for native speakers of English. The elementary course comprises a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Florida)

105. Elementary Hindi-Urdu. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 315. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 105 is the first term in the sequence of Hindi-Urdu courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures. The course meets four hours per week in two sessions. If enrollments warrant, there will be a separate course (SSEA 315) intended for students who have some knowledge of the spoken language but do not know the writing system. In the first year only the Devanagari writing system (for Hindi) is introduced. Nastaliq (for Urdu) comes in the second year. The course concentrates on developing skills in reading, writing, speaking, and aural comprehension. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes, dictations, and examinations. There are no prerequisites (no previous knowledge of Hindi is required). [Cost: 2] [WL:1] (Hook, Staff)

107(307). Beginning Tagalog. (4). (LR).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have an acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Naylor)

201(401). Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course continues and extends the conversational skills begun in Thai 101-102. It also includes increasing attention to the written language, in the form of short reading and writing assignments, usually with content relating to Thai culture. The class is conducted largely in Thai. In addition to gaining proficiency at reading and writing, students on completing the two-term sequence 201-202 will have substantially mastered Thai pronunciation, and will be able to handle conversational situations with some complications. Cost:1 WL:4 (Montatip Brown)

203(403). Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 104. (5). (LR).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. [Cost:3] [WL:4] (Florida)

205. Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 106. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 316. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 205/206 is the second year in the sequence of Hindi-Urdu courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures. The course meets four hours a week in two sessions. It is intended to increase students' skills and proficiency in speaking, in comprehension, and in reading and writing the Devanagari (Hindi) script. Students are also introduced to the Nastaliq (Urdu) writing system. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes, dictations, and examinations. Prerequisite: SSEA 106 or 315. Students with a background in Hindi-Urdu may also enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement examination. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Hook, Staff)

207(433). Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 108 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

This course is designed for the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog and who wishes to develop some fluency in spoken Tagalog and to be acquainted with Tagalog literature. It is part of a two-term sequence which is essentially a continuation of what has been learned in the first year but there will be more emphasis on reading and writing. Students who have not taken Elementary Tagalog (South and Southeast Asia 107/108 may take this course if they pass an evaluation test to be given by the instructor. The format will be as follows: two class hours a week will be devoted to readings and grammar review and one class hour a week will be devoted to guided conversation. Readings will be assigned and these will provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points and question and answer sessions in Tagalog on the content. There will be written assignments, a midterm, and a final examination. By the end of the second year, students should have acquired sufficient competence to handle longer conversations, write letters and brief essays, read certain plays, and (with the aid of a dictionary) newspapers and magazines. Course texts are: Intermediate Readings in Tagalog, ed. by Bowen; Tagalog Reference Grammar by Schacter and Octanes; and a Tagalog-English Dictionary. Supplementary readings will be assigned during the term. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Naylor)

315(305). Reading and Writing Hindi-Urdu. Speaking and listening comprehension proficiency (as determined by interview). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 105 or 106. (4). (LR).

S&SEA 315 is the first course in a two-semester sequence designed for students with some background in spoken Hindi-Urdu. It covers the first (elementary) year of Hindi-Urdu in one semester. A follow-on course (S&SEA 316) covers the second (intermediate) year of Hindi-Urdu in the winter semester. The course meets twice a week for two hours each session. Students coming from Hindi- or Urdu-speaking families are encouraged to take this course rather than S&SEA 105-6. See the instructor for placement. (Hook)

401(501). Advanced Thai. S&SEA 202 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).

In this course students will move from material written specifically for foreign language-learners to "real" Thai, including such genres as newspaper articles, essays, and fiction. Class discussion of the reading selections and other topics will be in Thai, giving students the chance to acquire more sophisticated oral skills such as those of advancing and supporting opinions and interpretations. Written assignments will advance students' facility at writing Thai. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Chittasobhon)

403(503). Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 204. (4). (Excl).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The course work is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests and a final exam or project. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Florida)

405(305). Advanced Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 206 or 306. (3). (Excl).

South and Southeast Asia 405 is the fifth term in the sequence of courses offered by the Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi-Urdu. Meeting three times a week, the course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing both Hindi and, for those interested, Urdu. Students with prior knowledge of Hindi-Urdu may be able to join the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Hook)

463. Advanced Readings of Modern Indonesian Texts I. S&SEA 404 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence designed to introduce the student to critical readings of modern Indonesian texts. A reading and speaking knowledge of modern Indonesian is prerequisite (equivalent to having completed the 6-term sequence in Indonesian). With an emphasis on text analysis, the student is required to produce critical commentaries on (and sometimes translations of) selected passages from a variety of assigned texts. The course is run as a seminar with discussion conducted in Indonesian. Evaluation is based on the written assignments and classroom performance. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Florida)

491. Individual Study Southeast Asian Language. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of eight credits.

This course is for students who wish to do individual directed study of a Southeast Asian language. Interested students must make arrangements directly with the instructor.

Courses in Asian Studies (Division 323)

111/History 151. South Asian Civilization. (4). (HU).

See History 151. (Murphey)

121/History 121. Great Traditions of East Asia. (4). (HU).

See History 121. (Tonomura)

230(320)/Buddhist Studies 230/Phil. 230/Rel. 230. Introduction to Buddhism. (4). (HU).

See Buddhist Studies 230.

316/Buddhist Studies 316/Rel. 316. Japanese Religion. (3). (Excl).

See Buddhist Studies 316.

395. Honors Seminar. Honors candidate in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).

Honors students in Asian Studies should use this course number for their Honors thesis, but will normally work with whatever faculty member is closest to the subject of the thesis.

428/Phil. 428/Pol. Sci. 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. Not recommended for Asian Studies concentrators. (4). (Excl).

See Political Science 428. (Lieberthal)

441. Asia Through Fiction. (3). (Excl).

This course deals with selected novels and short stories by Asian writers and Westerners writing about Asia. It attempts to compare different perspectives on the Asian scene and particularly focuses on East/West interactions. Course readings center on India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China. Four short essays are required which take the place of an examination. The class is usually small enough to function as a group discussion, which considers also the Asian context, but regular attendance is necessary, and careful attention ON SCHEDULE to the readings. There are several evening opportunities to sample Asian cuisine and films. Writers dealt with include Narayan, Greene, Mishima, Forster, Kipling, Conrad, Tanizaki, Orwell, Markandaya, Buck, Lu Hsun, and others. (Murphey)

476/RC Hums. 476/Chinese 476. Writer and Society in Modern China. (4). (HU).

See Chinese 476.

480/Philosophy 457/Religion 480/Buddhist Studies 480. Problems in Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 230 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See Buddhist Studies 480. (Gomez)

511. Colloquium on Southern Asia: The Interface of the Humanities and the Social Sciences. (2). (Excl).

This course analyzes the economic development performance and prospects of ten Southeast Asian countries the six capitalist ASEAN countries of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand which are the world's most successful and fastest-growing developing economies, and the four neighboring socialist countries of Burma, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, which are among the world's poorest and least successful economies. Topics covered include: the economic impact of colonialism, the role of commodity and manufactured exports, trade and foreign investment patterns and policy, macroeconomic fiscal and monetary policy and external debt management strategies, employment and income distribution policy, the respective roles of the state and of private enterprise, and socialist economic reform. The course is open to seniors and graduate students who have a background in at least introductory economics. No area knowledge of the region is required or assumed. This is a predominantly lecture course with opportunity for class discussion. Readings are provided in a course-pack (costing approximately $25-30). Grading is based on a midterm, a final exam, and a short (ten-page) term paper. Cost:2 (Lim)


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