Unless otherwise stated, the permission required for the repetition for credit of specifically designated courses is that of the student's concentration or B.G.S. advisor.

201. American Values. (4). (HU).

This course will survey changing conceptions of the meaning of the American experiment from colonial times to the present. Political, social, economic, religious and cultural ideals have evolved over time, under the influence of changing historical circumstances. American ideals today differ markedly, in all areas, from those of earlier generations; yet there is also much continuity. And Americans of every generation have been divided among themselves over the proper formulation of their ideals. We shall analyze the forces and conflicts which have shaped and reshaped our national commitments. Lectures will focus upon ideas and events from the 18th through the 20th centuries. Readings will be drawn from the original writings of the various periods of American history. There will be a one-hour midterm, two short papers, and a final examination, including a take-home portion. (Scobey)

210. Topics in Ethnic Studies. (3). (SS). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001: Introduction to Asian-American Studies.
The experience of people of color have shaped and tested the character of the U.S., its culture, institutions, and society. This course will examine the nature of American culture and society through a study of the Asian American experience in U.S. history. The Asian American experience reveals the dynamics of race relations and economic stratification in this country as well as the continuing process of defining America and American. This course provides an introductory study of the experience of Asian immigrants and their citizen descendants in the United States from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. The groups covered include Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Pacific Islander, South Asian, Southeast Asian-Americans. Topics for discussion will include international/domestic relations, immigration policy, ethnic adaptive strategies, ethnic community building, constitutional issues, majority/minority relations, and literary expressions. The format of the course will be lecture and discussion. Students will be evaluated on the basis of discussion, exams, and papers. Cost:3 (Fujita)

Section 002: Latinos in the United States An Introduction. Latinos or Hispanics are the second largest minority in the U.S. Comprised of those whose origins however near or far come from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America, Latinos comprise very variegated experiences in the U.S. Both the reasons for migration from their countries and their processes of incorporation in American society vary widely. Together we will seek to understand both what they share and what is unique. This course explores the experiences of the major groups of Latinos in the U.S. Chicanos, Mexicans immigrants, Puerto Ricans, Cubans both for what it tells us about them and for the social problems and social issues they serve to exemplify: family, immigration law and its consequences, the different meaning of race in Latin America and the U.S., the unfolding drama of revolution, the culture of poverty, and the like. Overall we will seek to understand to what extent Latinos are insiders or outsiders to this society, and why. (Pedraza)

211. Introduction to Latino Studies. (3). (HU).
Puerto Rican Affirmations: Puerto Rican Literature and Culture in the U.S.
This class will explore the literary and cultural productions of one of the largest and most neglected Latino groups in the United States of North America. The approach will necessarily be literary, historical, and social with special attention to questions of ideology. We will try to produce a collective cultural study of sorts through a consideration of written, oral and visual narrative texts produced in North America by Puerto Ricans, to include novel, autobiography, story, poetry, film, music, the plastic arts as well as other cultural production. How do we frame and define this literature/production? Can there be a Puerto Rican literature written in English? What is its relationship to Puerto Rican literature from the island? What are the defining characteristics of this Latino cultural production with its origins in the Caribbean? What is its relationship to Puerto Rican literature from the island? What are the defining characteristics of this Latino cultural production with its origins in the Caribbean? This class will also consider the differences and similarities between Puerto Ricans and other Latino groups in the U.S., Chicanos, Cubans, Dominicans. Other questions and topics to be studied are: race/racism, class, gender, historical, political and ideological dimensions, both on the island and in the U.S., of this cultural production. (Labiosa)

240/Women's Studies 240. Introduction to Women's Studies. Open to all undergraduates. (4). (HU).

See Women's Studies 240.

301. Topics in American Culture. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
The Americas Then and Now: Beyond 1492.
This interdisciplinary mini-course is designed to open up issued raised by the 500th anniversary of the landing of Columbus in the Americas. The course is divided into three parts: "1492," "Consequences of 1492," and "1992." It consists of a series of lectures by University of Michigan faculty on topics such as the invention of "America" as a place and an idea, the spread of disease in the Americas and Europe after 1492, the survival of Native ideas following the European invasion and settlement of the Americas, and problems of contemporary American identity in our multicultural hemisphere. Readings will be assigned in connection with the lectures, and a short paper and/or exam will be required of students taking the course for credit. The course is conceived as a focusing experience in the theme semester, "Beyond 1492." It provides an opportunity to reflect on where Americans North and South have come from and what their multi-racial societies are likely to be in the twenty-first century, given that such societies are one consequence of Europe's discovery of a "new world" in the Americas. (Tentler)

310. Topics in Ethnic Studies. (3). (SS). May be repeated for credit with permission of advisor.

Section 001: The Asian American West. This course will examine the settlement of Asian immigrants and their descendants as they became part of the American West despite efforts of some groups to exclude them on the basis that they were not "American." The definitions of inclusion and exclusion took many strange twists as the boundaries of American culture were being contested on this American frontier. In arguing for the unassimilablity of Asians, exclusionists were aiming to define a racist foundation for the American nation. This course will explore the implications and impact of this exclusive definition of "American" on the development of the American West and the nation as a whole. How Asian immigrants settled in the hostile American West and struggled to enjoy rights equal to those of white European Americans is a vital part of the history of cultural confrontation in the U.S. The class will follow a lecture / discussion format. Short papers and quizzes. (Nomura)

Section 002: Latinos in Film. Numerous movies and TV shows such as WEST SIDE STORY, MIAMI VICE, THE MARK OF ZORRO, and EL NORTE have dealt with Latinos in the United States. This course is a critical examination of the ways in which the visual media have depicted the Americans of Hispanic origin. The class will view films while also examining the basis for cinematic and narrative analysis. The course examines the images of Chicanos, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, and other Latinos for "accuracy" through comparison with the students' own perceptions and with the social science literature on these minorities. The key questions involve the effects of aesthetic, technical, social, and ideological factors on the creation of the images. What are the the images and their origins? Why do they persist? How and why are they changing? Readings on the theoretical framework will help clarify these questions. Film viewings are an integral and essential requirement for the class. Requirements include several short papers and a final paper, and a class presentation. (Hurtado)

Section 003: Race, Ethnicity, & Gender in African American Arts Development. For Fall Term, 1992, this course is jointly offered with CAAS 458.003. (Cruse)

Section 004: Environmental Politics and Latinos' Response to Environmental Injustices. This course will examine the problems of environmental degradation/injustice in poor minority communities in the United States (U.S.) such as the Latino/Latina communities accounting for its negative and positive impacts. In the negative side, the location of industries and the disposal of toxic wastes in their backyard. In the positive side, community awareness and their response to these problems. It will address the general issues of environmental degradation worldwide, including Third World Countries, the socioeconomic situation of poor Latino/Latina communities in the U.S., and the environmental problems affecting them. A major theme will be the response of these communities in the form of organization to these problems. It hopes to introduce the students to the themes of community struggles, and to promote awareness that environmental problems and responses are of global dimension. Responsibilities and evaluation: readings, class participation, oral presentation, two short essays, and a final research project. Methods of instruction: lectures, discussions, guest speakers, and videos. Cost:1 WL:4 (Velez)

330/History of Art 330. Art in America: 1492-1825. H.A. 102 or H.A. 101 or History 160 or American Culture 201 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See History of Art 330. (Zurrier)

406/CAAS 406. Literature of the Caribbean World. (3). (Excl).

See Afroamerican and African Studies 406. (Haniff)

410. Hispanics in the United States. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001: Health, Gender, and Power in 'Minority' America.
Latinas/os have become a significant and growing population in the United States. Their differences from other "minorities" are culturally defined and represented in a variety of sites (the media, public health, art, politics, etc.). In this course we will explore the ways in which Latinas/os have been culturally defined and represented in the context of medical practices (social policy, research, public health, etc.), and through the definition of health and disease which these practices entail. We will be thinking through the AIDS epidemic to learn how cultural representations and social relations of ethnicity, sexuality, gender, class, and disease can be grasped through a cultural analysis. The other foci of the course are various categories of diseases, and social sites of potential conflict and cultural misunderstanding (hospitals, testing procedures, families, etc.). (Koreck)

Section 002: Topicalizing the North Latin(o) Popular Music in the United States. This course will explore popular music produced by Latinos in the United States: the emergence of Salsa as an expression of urban life; the recent popularity of merengue in the East Coast; the traditions of the Mexican American corrido and its role as cultural and historical narratives; and Tex-Mex music and conjuntos as expression of ethnic identity. Popular music will be analyzed in its structural, textual, and social dimensions. We will also explore the impact of these musical forms on the larger, dominant society. Crossing over and crosscultural issues, dancing as a social event, theories of popular culture, ethnomusicology, feminism, and ethnicity will complement our listening experience. Videos will also be used as teaching materials. Requirements include reaction papers, a mid-term exam, and a final paper. Listening comprehension in Spanish and knowledge of music are desirable, but not essential. Cost:3 WL:4 (Aparicio)

Section 003: Women in Prison The Life of Black and Latino Women Serving Time in Prison. "Yet it is clear to see that for many of the women in prison, going to prison was just a traumatic transition from one society that was confining and oppressive to another." (Burkhart) In this course readings and discussion will focus on understanding which women go to prison in Latin American and American prisons. The course will attempt to analyze how the criminal system perpetuates the oppression of Latino and Black women in society. I also will attempt to bring the fact of the existence of this oppression, to the attention of those fortunate enough to live on the outside. We know nothing of these inmates whose lives and activities are limited by the cold, gray stone walls of their prison cells. We will also learn what happens to the children of those women that go to prison. On the average, 70 to 80 percent of the inmates in a woman's prison are single mothers, and two-thirds of their children are under the age of ten. (Jose-Kampfner)

430/Women's Studies 430. Feminist Thought. Women's Studies 240 and any of Women's Studies 341-345; or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

See Women's Studies 430. (Vicinus)

496. Historical Approaches to American Culture. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration adviser.
Section 001: Sexuality and American Culture.
This seminar examines how aspects of our sexuality (such as sexual identities, preferences, roles, and desires) are fundamentally shaped by social-cultural and psychological factors. The first half of the course critically evaluates some of the important scholarly literature of gender formation and the social construction of sexuality. Here we consider works by Sigmund Freud as well as various psychoanalytic feminists, symbolic interaction, and cultural anthropologists. The second half of the course is devoted to probematizing homosexuality in modern, Western societies and exploring the historical emergence on the modern "gay" and "lesbian" identity. This section of the course traces the history of sexuality in the United States and examines closely the form and content of gay/lesbian identities within the European American and racial minority communities. Requirements include two take-home papers of approximately 8-10 pages. Each exam comprises 40% of your course evaluation. The remaining 20% is based on seminar attendance and participation. WL:4 (Almaguer)

Section 002: Ethnopoetics Narratives of Captivity and the Captivity of Narratives. See Anthropology 473.001 (Bierwert)

Section 003: Beyond Occidentalism Rethinking How the West Was Born. The seminar will be devoted to examining the construction of the idea of the West as related to the expansion of the Spanish and Portuguese Empires, during the XVIth and XVth centuries, and as related to European nations (England, France, Germany) during the nineteenth century. It will look comparatively at a wide range of materials, from historical narrative to philosophical treatises, from maps and paintings to the philosophy of language behind the consolidation of the national languages. Current notions such as representation and invention will be critically examined and a performative (or enactive) perspective will be explored. All of this will take us, perhaps indirectly, to a critical archaeology of concepts such as modernity, post-modernity, coloniality, and post-coloniality as to an examination of the "Occident" as the locus from which "otherness" continues to be produced at the close of the 20th century. (Coronil)

Section 004: Television, Society, and Culture. See Anthropology 458.001 (Kottak)

Section 005: Working Class Culture in America. See History 396.003 (Scobey)

Section 006: The Urban Political Machine in America. See History 396.007 (McDonald)

Section 007: Presidential Campaign Primer Lessons About Organization, Issues, Image, and Media in 1976. See History 396.005 (Mackaman)

Section 008: Old Age in U.S. History. See History 396.001 (Achenbaum)

Section 010: Environmental History of North America. See History 397.005 (Steinberg)

498. Literary Approaches to American Culture. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Section 001: Native American Literature.
This course has two major orientations that crosscut and complement each other. Along the first path, lectures and readings pertain to Native Americans collectively. This provides a shared background for class discussions and assignments as well as a general overview of a body of literature labeled Native American. The second path entails in-depth analyses of the literatures of five culture groups. Five research teams will collect, evaluate and compile example of tribal literatures, from creation stories to contemporary novels. These teams also establish the geographical, historical, cultural and social contexts within which the texts were produced. Method of instruction is predominantly team-inquiry. Students work on tasks within their team before proceeding to similar tasks independently. Tasks involve oral and written responses to specific questions. Grading will be based on several short papers, the team bibliography, team presentations (oral and written) of their novel's context, and a final paper. (Howe)

Section 002: Made in the U.S.A. Contemporary U.S. Latina/o Literature. See Spanish 475.001 (Pérez)

Section 003: Henry James in Context. See English 417.005 (Freedman)

Section 004: Native American Literature. See English 417.003 (Faller)

Courses in Ojibwa

A full sequence of Ojibwa cannot be guaranteed. Students must consult with the American Culture Program Office before undertaking Ojibwa to satisfy the College language requirement.

222. Elementary Ojibwa. Non-LS&A students must have permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

This course is designed to give the conversational and cultural skills necessary to enable students to use Ojibwa in real life situations. The teaching methods are entirely inductive, and the role of writing is downplayed. There is considerable emphasis on teaching culturally appropriate behavior, and the simple conversational patterns of greetings, leave takings, introductions, table talk, etc. There is no prerequisite for the course. Cost:1 (McCue)

223. Elementary Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 222 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

See Ojibwa 222. (McCue)

322. Intermediate Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 223 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

This course is designed to improve the basic conversational skills of the student who knows some Ojibwa. The emphasis in class is on increasing the range of situations in which the student can use Ojibwa in real life. Some emphasis is placed on teaching the students to be able to learn more Ojibwa outside of the classroom, by talking and using the language with native speakers. Cost:1 (McCue)

323. Intermediate Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 322 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (LR).

See Ojibwa 322. (McCue)

422. Advanced Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 323 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (Excl).

This course is aimed at giving students with conversational ability in Ojibwa the opportunity to both improve their speaking and listening skills and to introduce them to Ojibwa literature, and the various dialects represented in the literature. Students will work with the original, unedited texts, as well as with edited, retranscribed materials, and thus learn about the problems of working in a language without a standard writing system that is widely accepted. Cost:1 (McCue)

423. Advanced Ojibwa. Am. Cult. 422 and permission of the American Culture Program Director. (3). (Excl).

See Ojibwa 422. (McCue)

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