GERMANIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

Courses in DUTCH (DIVISION 357)

111. First Special Speaking and Reading Course. (4). (LR).

This course provides the student with the basics of the Dutch language. We mainly use the monolingual course-book LEVEND NEDERLANDS (LIVING DUTCH) and each lesson from the book will consist of everyday conversation, a grammatical explanation, exercises, a coherent word list, questions about the conversation, discussion, and homework. To enliven the class the teacher will provide the students with songs, newspaper articles, comics, etc. Films and video will be used where possible. Books: LEVEND NEDERLANDS, Cambridge University Press, New York; W. Z. Shetter, INTRODUCTION TO DUTCH, Nijhoff, The Hague; Bruce Donaldson, A DUTCH VOCABULARY, AE Press, Melbourne, 1985. J. Hulstijn, M. Hannay, An ENGLISH SELF-STUDY SUPPLEMENT TO LEVEND NEDERLANDS, Amsterdam, 1981. Also recommended: B.C. Donaldson, DUTCH REFERENCE GRAMMAR, The Hague, Nijhoff, 1981. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Broos)

231. Second-Year Dutch. Dutch 112 or the equivalent. (4). (LR).

The course will start with an overview of the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We will develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening by means of texts to be announced. Comics, songs, newspaper articles, and literature will enliven the course and introduce the students to contemporary Dutch society. Books: B.C. Donaldson, Beyond the dictionary in Dutch, Muiderberg: Coutinho, 1990; P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, Basiswoordenboek Nederlands, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Broos)

339. Independent Study. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course serves the needs of students who wish to develop special topics not offered in the Dutch Studies curriculum. It may be a program of directed readings with reports, or it may be a research project and long paper. Courses in the past covered different areas like Dutch-Indonesian literature, the language of Rembrandt and his contemporaries, Dutch between English and German, etc. Courses must be supervised by a faculty member and the student must have the faculty member's agreement before electing the course. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Broos)

480. Modern Dutch Literature. Dutch 231 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will examine the poetry and prose of both The Netherlands and Belgium in modern times. The reading of poems, short stories, novellas, etc. in the original language will provide the student with material for discussion about authors, opinions, place and points of view of Modern Dutch literature. Topics in the past have included modern Dutch poetry, Dutch colonial literature, the legacy of Anne Frank: World War II in modern Dutch literature. In cooperation with the writer in residence, the student will have the unique opportunity to exchange ideas and opinions with the author about his or her work. The course will be conducted totally in Dutch. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Broos)

491. Colloquium on Modern Dutch Culture and Literature. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

This course is conducted in English by the annual visiting writer-in-residence, usually a well known novelist or poet chosen by the Dutch Ministry of Culture to represent The Netherlands. The difference from ordinary literature and creative or news writing courses is that you will meet an esteemed writer and have the opportunity to exchange views on culture, literature, the practice of writing, communication, etc. both American and Dutch. Students are encouraged to bring in their own writing for reviewing and critical assessment. The course has not the ordinary professorial approach and is open to all lovers of texts, literary or otherwise, both American and European. Regular class attendance and participation in class discussions followed by at least one substantial paper will be required. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

German Courses (Division 379)

101. Elementary Course. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100. (4). (LR).

First course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. The first-year program is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions and readings. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to work on the computer, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and a final. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

102. Elementary Course. German 101 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100 or 103. (4). (LR).

Second course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. See German 101 for a general description. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

103. Review of Elementary German. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100 or 102. (4). (LR).

Course for students who have had two to three years of high school German or one or more terms of college German not at the University of Michigan but who are not yet at second-year performance level. This course is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions and readings. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to work on the computer, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are three major tests and a final. These sections meet FIVE times per week. Students may enroll in 231 upon satisfactory completion of this course. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

111. First Special Reading Course. Undergraduates must obtain permission of the department. (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read simple German expository prose. Course content focuses on an introduction to the essentials of German grammar and syntax both in class lectures and in texts. Students are required to read but not to write and speak German. The course uses traditional methods of instruction which present rules of grammar and syntax as well as a basic vocabulary. Since much memorization is necessary, it is essential that students have time to do required course work which averages about twelve hours each week exclusive of class time. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, three one-hour examinations devoted to specific problems of grammar and vocabulary, and a final examination requiring the translation of sight passages without the aid of a dictionary. The class is taught in English, and the course text is Jannach, GERMAN FOR READING KNOWLEDGE, (third edition). There are no course prerequisites, but German 111 is open only to graduate students who wish to fulfill a German foreign language requirement and to advanced undergraduates in special programs who already have met the LS&A foreign language requirement. Undergraduates must receive departmental permission prior to electing the course.

112. Second Special Reading Course. German 111 or the equivalent (placement test). (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read German for research purposes with the aid of a dictionary. Course content includes an intensive review of grammar and syntax followed by translations from texts in the humanities, the natural and social sciences. Choice of reading texts is determined in part by the composition of the class. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, one examination following the completion of the grammar review, one examination during the reading of assigned texts. The final examination requires the translation of sight passages with the aid of a dictionary. The course prerequisite is German 111 or a placement examination (CEEB, GSFLT, or departmental). Like German 111, German 112 is open only to graduate students and undergraduates in special programs. [Cost:1] [WL: 4]

113. Advanced Special Reading. Completion of German 112 with a "B" or the equivalent. (4). (Excl).

This course provides tutorial instruction and supervised reading of German in individual fields of specialization and interest. Accuracy and speed in reading and comprehension are improved through a developed greater skill in the interpretation of grammatical structure and in making logical choices when confronted by structural ambiguities. Required practice increases general and specialized vocabulary. Enhanced linguistic skill brings greater enjoyment and profit in the reading of German. Prerequisite is the completion of German 112 or an equivalent background. Course participants supply reading materials subject to the approval of the instructor. Access to an adequate dictionary is required. There are no examinations. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

230. Intensive Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 221, 222, 231, or 232. (8). (LR).

This course provides highly motivated students the opportunity to complete the two-term intermediate German sequence in one term. You will be expected to increase the level of accuracy at which you can express yourself and the range of situations in which you can function in German-speaking cultures. We will read and discuss a variety of brief fiction and non-fiction texts, e.g. fairy tales, short stories, newspaper and magazine articles. Toward the end of the term, we will read a longer literary work, such as DER RICHTER UND SEIN HENKER or DIE PHYSIHER. There will be an extensive review of German grammar; however, the majority of the class time will be devoted to discussing the assigned texts and working on small group activities. Films, short videos, and contemporary German music will supplement classroom instruction. There will be weekly quizzes on individual readings and grammatical features as well as a comprehensive final. You will also have to write compositions regularly. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:2] [WL:2]

231. Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 221. (4). (LR).

First course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. The second-year program is designed to increase students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, writing, and reading German. Students are expected to increase the level of accuracy at which they can express themselves and the range of situations in which they can function in German-speaking cultures. They will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss a large variety of texts. Traditional whole class instruction is supplemented with communicative activities involving pairs or small groups of students. There are three hourly tests and a final examination. Students write essays related to class readings. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

232. Second-Year Course. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 236. (4). (LR).

Second course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. See German 231 for a general description. In addition, a longer literary work will be read toward the end of the term. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

325. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

The sequence of German 325 and 326 is required for concentration in German. It is primarily intended to improve fluency and accuracy in written and spoken German. One hour each week is devoted to a systematic grammar review including translation from English to German. The remaining class time is devoted to German conversation based on readings and topics chosen at the discretion of the individual instructor. A German essay of one or two pages is assigned approximately every week. One or more five-minute oral presentations may be required. There are midterm and final Cost:2 WL:4

326. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See German 325.

350. Business German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This is an introduction to the vocabulary, practices and procedures found in German business activity. Included are the nomenclature of office procedure, business letters and reports. In addition the course examines the German educational and political system from the standpoint of business practices, such as merchandising and advertising. The reading consists of the reading of actual business, merchandising and advertising material. There is a midterm and a final examination, and the writing of papers and translations during the course is required. The text consists largely of a course pack and a basic text. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Fabian)

381. Eighteenth to Nineteenth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to German literature of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries through several of the great dramas of the period. In conjunction with German 382, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be elected in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The course will begin with Lessing's comedy Mina von Barnhelm, set against the backdrop of the Seven Years' War. We will then read the famous love tragedy, Die Gretchen-Tragödie excerpted from Goethe's Faust. Our third text will be Kleist's Prinz Friedrich von Homburg, a historical drama that depicts the existential struggle of a young man in confrontation with death. The course will conclude with Büchner's Woyzeck, a drama that was far ahead of its time in its focus on a "hero" from the lowest ranks of society. The emphasis of the course is on the analysis of the works, mainly in class discussion. The instructor will speak German. Students are encouraged to do likewise as much as possible. There will be two short interpretive papers and a final exam, normally in English. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Crichton)

382. Nineteenth to Twentieth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

The texts provide an introduction to German dramas of the 19th and 20th centuries. These dramas reflect not only the main literary but also the significant cultural and political trends of the period. In conjunction with German 381, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be taken in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The emphasis is on the analysis of individual plays, but the instructor will include some biographical, literary and historical background. The texts are by Hauptmann, Schnitzler, Kaiser, Brecht, Durrenmatt and Frisch. The major language is German, but not exclusively. A term paper will be assigned. It may be in English. The final exam will consist of essay questions concerning the texts for the term. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Cowen)

384. Short Fiction: Romanticism to Realism. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to some of the major figures and movements in German literature from the end of the eighteenth to the second half of the nineteenth century through the study of selected masterworks of short fiction. Furthermore, it offers the student the opportunity to gain some insight into the cultural as well as the social and political trends of this period. The readings consist of short works of fiction by such authors as L. Tieck, A.v.Arnim, E.T.A. Hoffmann, J.v.Eichendorff, H.v.Kleist, G. Buchner, A.v.Broste-Hulshoff, F. Grillparzer, and C.F. Meyer. German will be used as much as possible in this class. The course grade will be based on class participation and two papers. [Cost:1] [WL:5. Call me at 663-9673 about getting an override] (Weiss)

415. The German Language Past and Present. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of German 415 are to introduce students to the assumptions, terminology, and methodologies of both descriptive and historical linguistics, and to apply these to a survey of the growth and development of German from pre-literate times to the present, with emphasis on the emergence of the standard literary dialect. Although a major concern will be the internal structure of the language, we shall relate this to the cultural context in which the language has evolved. Instruction will be through lectures and discussion. Required will be a number of homework problems to be handed in; several written exercises in class; a final examination; one 10-page term paper; and one 10-minute oral presentation in class, on the content of the term paper. Texts to purchase: John T. Waterman, A History of the German Language; Werner König, dtv-Atlas der deutschen Sprache; and a course pack. (Kyes)

425. Intermediate Composition and Conversation. German 325 and 326; or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Various approaches are used to improve the student's written and spoken German. Each week a composition of at least two pages is assigned. Sometimes the instructor assigns specific topics while at other times students select their own. Occasionally students are required to listen to a tape on some aspect of German history or culture and to use it as a departure point for an essay. Class discussions are based on topics selected by the instructor and the students. Brief presentations by individual students are required. German is used exclusively in class. The final course grade is based on compositions as well as participation in discussion. German 425 is regularly offered during the Fall Term while German 426 is regularly offered during the Winter Term. German 426 may be taken independently of 425. [Cost:1] [WL:5. Call me at 663-9673 about getting an Override] (Weiss)

458. German Literature after 1945. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

German literature written in the postwar period deals of necessity with questions of racial discrimination, in particular with antisemitism. It is also concerned with xenophobia and with gender discrimination, especially in works by women writers. Most of the works demonstrate the efforts of German writers to "come to terms" with the Third Reich. In doing so, they analyze German antisemitism at length in attempts to understand it. Others understand gender discrimination as a variety of fascism or imperialism, and thus link it to the sociology of racism. The term will be divided into three segments. The first will deal with antisemitism (mainly the Holocaust) in poetry, drama, and fiction from the late forties to the late eighties (Mann, Brecht, Celan, Sachs, Frisch, Honigmann, Weiss, J.Becker); the second with xenophobia, based on GANZ UNTEN by Gunter Wallraff; the third with the colonization of women as represented in works by Ingeborg Bachmann and Christa Wolf. Attention will be paid to the problems of both content and form in these works. Requirements will include oral presentations and a seminar paper (15-20 pages) to be written in stages during the term. All reading in German; language of instruction according to class preference. Cost:3 WL:3 (Fries)

472. German Literature from Its Beginning to the Present II. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course provides an overview that integrates the students' specialized knowledge of German writers, genres, and periods into a larger interdisciplinary context. The approach is three-fold: (1) Lectures in German sketch in the different philosophical, cultural, and socio-political backgrounds against which major literary works were created, certain genres flourished or disappeared, and literary movements arouse; (2) a literary history is read as a supplement to lectures and discussions, and (3) German texts from all genres (poetry, drama, narrative prose) are read in their entirity. German 471 is devoted to German literature from its beginnings to the Enlightenment; German 472 covers STURM UND DRANG through contemporary literature. While identification of significant milestones in German literary history is important, greater emphasis is placed one students' ability to compare, contrast, and assimilate works of different authors, movements, and interdisciplinary influences, and on the development of the students' esthetic sensitivity, critical judgment, and imagination. Cost:2 WL:2 (Cowen)

491. German Honors Proseminar. Senior Honors standing. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Completion of the sequence of German 491 and 492 is required for an Honors concentration in German. Interested students not already in the German Honors concentration program should apply to Professor Fries for admission (minimum 3.0 GPA with at least 3.5 in German). German 491 is regarded as a preparatory term in anticipation of 492 (Winter Term), in which each student writes an Honors thesis. The kinds of works to be read will thus be determined by the perceived needs of the students, geared possibly toward already-identified thesis topics and/or toward intensified focus on one genre, period, or specific authors, etc. Regardless of ultimate subject matter, the intent of the seminar will be to increase students' critical reading abilities and their familiarity with the employment of secondary literature. Requirements for the course include (at least) one oral presentation and two papers (totaling about 25 pages). Students are urged to contact Professor Fries in advance of the Fall Term to arrange an interview in which particular individual needs and interests will be discussed, so that the course may be tailored to fit each group. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Fries)

499. Seminar in German Studies. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001. Doing Business in German: Advanced German for the Business Professions.
The goals of German 499 are to increase the level of proficiency in all four areas (speaking, listening, writing, and reading) of Business German, as well as to familiarize the participants with the business practices of the target culture. To attain a broad functional proficiency the course will be divided into four major blocks: I. Management, II. Marketing in the German environment, III. Accounting, and IV. Finance in the German system. The focus is particularly on Germany's position in the European community and on its role in the 1992 unification of Europe. Additionally, the course will emphasize the background of the unification, the expectations of the Europeans, business opportunities after 1992 and Germany's role in world trade. The materials used throughout the course consist of a course pack, German business texts from major German professional journals and newspapers, German business reports and videotapes. A research paper in German will be required during the course, as well as oral presentations on the findings. Grades will be based on the paper, the oral report, class participation, a midterm and a final exam. The course is conversation oriented and it will be conducted in German. Thus, as a prerequisite, participants must have had at least three years of university level German. Qualified undergraduates as well as graduates are welcome. Participants may, by the end of the course, choose to take a special examination to obtain a certificate PRüFUNG WIRTSCHAFTSDEUTSCH. This certificate provides the Business German students with an official certificate, which is accepted by German companies. Cost:1 WL:4 (Gramberg)

500. Introduction to Germanic Linguistics. (3). (Excl).

In the first part of the term we will address the questions: What are the major problems in Germanic linguistics? How do people work with them and why are they interesting? For the remainder of the term we will explore 1) the identification of promising lines of research; 2) the development of working hypotheses; 3) research tools and sources of data; 4) methodology design and application; 5) responsible critical evaluation of published work. In this course the student should learn to consolidate theory with practical skills to initiate and execute independent research. Extensive readings will be made available through a course pack. There will be a great deal of library work associated with weekly assignments as well as a computer project. Grades will be based on performance in class, on weekly assignments and on a final writing project. Cost:2 WL:4 (Lippi-Green)

512. Introduction to Middle High German. Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The primary goal of the course is to learn to read the texts, in edited as well as original manuscript format. As we read the texts, we shall identify changes underway in all levels of the language, as well as dialect features, and evaluate them in terms of theories of language change and language contact. There will be frequent written exercises in class. Homework will consist of translation of MHG texts into English or Modern German; learning of pertinent linguistic forms; and problem sets. Graduate students will write a research paper on some aspect of the language and give an oral presentation on their research. Undergraduates may substitute a final examination for the research paper. Although the course is primarily designed for graduate students, qualified undergraduates are welcome; the course may be used toward fulfillment of the undergraduate concentration requirements. Texts will be a course pack, and various works placed on reserve in the Department Library. (Kyes)

531(431)/Education D431. Teaching Methods. Senior standing; and candidate for a teaching certificate. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the theoretical foundations of the teaching of German as a foreign language. The major approaches to foreign language teaching are discussed with particular emphasis on approaches that focus on communicative language learning/learning for proficiency. Emphasis is placed on the practical application of theories of language learning and teaching to the German language classroom. There will be a final written paper, and the participants of the course are expected to give several short oral papers. Teaching assistants enrolled for this course must also participate in the three-day orientation workshop provided by the department prior to the start of the Fall Term. Cost:2 (VanValkenberg)

540. Introduction to German Studies. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Proseminar for beginning graduate students, and others by permission, with a maximum of student participation. The course is to inform about: bibliographical tools, literary terminology, various methods to be applied to the study of literary works, of the history of literature from the Renaissance to the present, major aspects of poetics (genres, metrics, etc.) Students will give a presentation in class and a term paper resulting from it; there will be a final examination on bibliographical tools and literary terms. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Schelle)

German Literature and Culture in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of German.

330. German Cinema. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the development of the German cinema in its social, political and cultural context. It presents major films and filmmakers in relation to their historical circumstances and to developments in the other arts. The subject matter falls into three periods: The Expressionistic period of film making following World War I up to 1933, the era of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, and from 1965 to the present. Filmmakers discussed include F.W. Murnau, Fritz Lang, G.W. Pabst, Volker Schlondorff, R.W. Fassbinder, Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders. The films cover various genres of fictional and documentary approach. Ten to twelve films will be shown. There will be some opportunity for additional viewing on an individual basis. The course will consist of lectures and directed discussions. The required readings consist of secondary material on the cultural background of the German cinema, and commentaries on the films and film makers. Students will write five short (two to four page) papers and a term paper. The films will be viewed in VHS format. Cost:2 WL:4 (Fabian)

375/MARC 375/Rel. 375. Celtic and Nordic Mythology. (3). (Excl).

See Religion 375. (Beck)

441. German Masterpieces in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Sex and Ideology: Films of Fassbinder.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder was, from the late 1960's to the early 1980's, one of the most prolific, most acclaimed, and most influential of filmmakers, and he was arguably one of the best known and admired German artists of his time. This course will study 10 or 11 of his films from across his career. The focus will be on the themes and motifs of sexual roles and portraiture, of ideological content, contexts and consequences, and of their interaction in the art of cinema. Previous film courses and knowledge of German are not required. Student requirements include regular attendance, participation in discussion, several tests and perhaps a paper; additionally, there will be two required evening screenings per week. One lecture, one discussion session per week. Cost:2 WL:2 (Bahti)

444/MARC 443. Medieval German Literature in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Literary Masterpieces of the Middle Ages in English Translation.
Some of the greatest works of medieval European literature were written in German lands and in the German language. Placing special emphasis on the main genres of around 1200, this course will treat the troubadours and their incomparable master, Walther von der Vogelweide, the story of the Grail seeker, the Arthurian romance, and the heroic epic. It will, however, also pay attention to the aspect of literary continuity, i.e., it will include works of the periods before and after the classical peak of 1200. Whenever possible, pertinent cases of other European literatures (English, French, Latin, Scandinavian) will be brought into the discussion. In the latter part of the term, examples will be chosen from the body of both precourtly and courtly novellas. The grade will be determined on the basis of class participation, an oral presentation, and a term paper of medium length. Texts: Paperbacks and a course pack. Cost:1 WL:4 (Scholler)

449. Special Topics in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Section 001: The Drama of Physics.
The purpose of this course is to investigate how an ancient, but ever more acute, conflict is reflected in dramatic literature the conflict between scientific discovery on the one hand and social, cultural, and political pressures on the other. Three German plays all available in English translation will serve as a core: Brecht's historic drama on the life of Galilei, Kipphart's documentary play based on the Oppenheimer hearings, and Durrenmatt's black comedy about the difficulties of three imaginary physicists during the cold war period. These basic materials will be supplemented by a few other dramatic texts on the topic (Zuckmayer, Jahnn, Schneider) and by a course pack with selected papers and essays by Einstein, Oppenheimer, Lawrence, Bethe, Weisskopf, Sakharov, and others. We will read the texts critically both against the historic background furnished by records of the Inquisition and the House Committee on Unamerican Activities, and in the light of recent political developments. No special knowledge of either German or physics is presupposed, even though both will prove useful. Short reports, an active part in class discussion, and one substantial term paper about one aspect of the problem will be expected. Cost:2 WL:3 (Seidler)

Scandinavian Courses (Division 471)

First and second year SWEDISH (Swedish 103, 233) will be offered Fall Term, 1992. Taught by a lecturer from Sweden, an experienced language teacher, Swedish can be used to meet the LS&A language requirement.

Any students who would like to concentrate in Scandinavian Studies must complete two years of Swedish. Second-year proficiency in Swedish is required to participate in The University of Michigan exchange program with the University of Uppsala, Sweden. For further information, contact Marion Marzolf, Program Director, 2092 FB, (747-5353).

103. Elementary Swedish. (4). (LR).

For students with little or no previous knowledge of Swedish, this course provides a basic introduction to Swedish vocabulary and grammar, with the emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading and writing. The students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, assignments and tests. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Olvegård)

233. Second-Year Swedish. Swedish 104. (4). (LR).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Swedish language. The emphasis is on speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral commentary) from contemporary Swedish prose, poetry and politics. Both books and newspapers are used. All instruction will be in Swedish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on the basis of class participation and tests. Students needing Swedish 103 and 104 or the equivalent for entry into this course can meet the prerequisite by passing an examination given by the instructor. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Olvegård)

430. Colloquium in Scandinavian Literature. Reading knowledge of Swedish. (3). (Excl). May be elected twice for credit.

For students with two years of Swedish (Elementary and Second-Year Swedish), or the equivalent. All literature, discussions and instructions will be in Swedish. Readings are selected from 20th century Swedish prose, poetry and drama. The emphasis will be on analyzing and discussing the literature. Grades will be based on the basis of class participation, papers and tests. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. Cost:2 (Olvegård)

Scandinavian Courses in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of a Scandinavian language.

331. Introduction to Scandinavian Civilization. (3). (HU).

The course provides the opportunity to become acquainted with the society and culture of modern Scandinavia: Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Iceland. No knowledge of a Scandinavian language is required. Readings and lectures are in English. Several lectures are by guest specialists in history, social issues, the arts and literature. Students will research current topics on Scandinavia for class discussion, write two papers and final examination. Grades are based on class participation, papers and final. Cost:3 WL:3 (Marzolf)


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