Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

The course will present students with some fundamental texts of Western political philosophy, Plato to Marx. The aim of the course is to make students acquainted with a tradition that develops a specific mode of inquiry political philosophy in the attempt to answer the question: How can human beings live together peacefully? How can we harmonize individual and collective good? The course includes two lecture sessions (one hour each) and a two-hour discussion session each week. Students will be required to prepare readings in advance of classes to participate in discussions, and to write papers showing their grasping of the material covered in the course. (Gobetti)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Rosenstone)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to give students an understanding of how several major political systems work and to familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics in these and other countries. Each of the countries selected will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence the emergence of democracy, or led to communist or fascist regimes; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the analysis of contemporary political conflicts and the future of advanced industrial societies. The course will offer two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of conversation. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will introduce students to the fundamental issues of international relations. The course will familiarize the students with the main theories that help us to understand the behavior of states in the international arena. These theories will then be applied to explain a number of important issue-areas of world politics.

185. Introduction to Modeling Political Processes. (3). (SS).

An introduction to the use of models as a way of developing theories about social science phenomena such as competition for votes, conflict over territory, outbreaks of protest, alliances in business and politics, or even patterns of marriage. The models covered in the course involve many different processes such as rational choice, learning, and social diffusion. Some are mathematical and others computer-based. After a general introduction to the reasons for using models in developing theories, the course concentrates on developing modeling skills: constructing, manipulating, evaluating, and revising models. The class meets twice a week, and there is a homework problem set weekly generally done in groups. There will be a midterm and a final. (Cowen)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

This course will help you think about the relationships between yourself and politics in the United States. Learn about: (1) important social, economic and political issues of the day, including how an issue becomes "important;" (2) the political values and attitudes of the American public; (3) the conduct of political campaigns and elections. Confront these subjects from the perspectives of "What is..." and also "What ought to be...." Given our goals, scholarly readings are intermixed with articles about current issues, and our discussions often move freely from assigned readings to the latest news. Although intended primarily for non-poli sci concentrators, this is a serious course for serious students. The readings are extensive, and occasionally difficult. You will be expected to: stay current and master what you have read, attend lectures faithfully, participate in sections actively, and engage in additional learning activities outside of the class room. You will write papers, and you will be examined carefully and regularly (2 midterms plus a final). Recommended: at least one prior political science course. Grades are based on a no-curve system. Cost:4 WL:1 (Markus)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator.

395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395.

400(402). Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The aim of this course is two-fold: 1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the end of the sixteenth century, and 2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the relation between nature and convention, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include two exams during the term and a final. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Saxonhouse)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the formulation and implementation of public programs.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

Course Objectives: (1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of the individual voter and the candidate for office. (2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes (or alleged changes) in public attitudes toward politics. (3) Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior. (Kinder)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Legal Process combines the study of legal theory with selected case studies in American and comparative law. The course examines the nature of legal interpretation, the organization of legal institutions, the role of constitutions in structuring governments and legal systems, and the relation between law and politics. Readings in legal philosophy are interspersed with materials that show how legal institutions function in the United States, England, West Germany, China, the Soviet Union and other polities, including several tribal legal systems. Through reading original materials and discussing them in class, students are expected to improve their abilities to relate theory and evidence and to learn to think more critically. Classes are run in modified "Socratic method" format, with heavy emphasis on class participation. Exams and papers require students to use their analytic skills to reason through the empirical and theoretical puzzles, developing their own arguments in response to the challenges of the subject matter. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Scheppele)

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The Constitution establishes the formal rules for political engagement, but does it "constitute" our politics in a more substantive sense? This course explores the ways in which political conflicts in the United States are structured by the existence of a written Constitution, and the problems of interpretive legitimacy it creates. Our method will be close reading of constitutional discourses informed by the historical contexts of their formation. Special topics will include: the 1787 framing convention and the subsequent ratification campaign, federalism, judicial review, the Civil War as a constitutional crisis, war making powers, the politics of Supreme Court appointments, and the constitutional checks on the power of administrative agencies. Previous courses in American History, Politics, and Literature, are strongly recommended. The course will proceed by lecture and discussion, with a take-home essay midterm and final. WL:4 (Simon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative elections; coalition-building; committee policy making; floor voting decisions; legislative-executive relations; legislative rules and procedures; congress and policy-making. Requirements: midterm and final examinations, short papers (Kingdon)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (3). (Excl).

This course will focus upon the role and impact of the mass media in the political process. We will study how the news is made and the impact of mass media on policy-makers and the public, and its effects on political attitudes and behavior. The role and influence of the media in election campaigns in the U.S., and how this compares with other advanced industrial democracies, is a major focus of the course. Other topics include media diplomacy and foreign affairs coverage, media treatment of protest groups and social movements, and the relative power of media and politicians in shaping the political agenda. Cost:3 WL:1 (Semetko)

423. Politics of the Metropolis. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

POLITICS OF THE METROPOLIS. This course will examine the historical development of local politics in America and explore the ways in which that history defines current problems and controversies in American local politics. In particular, we will look at the legacy of the machine and reform eras, at post-World-War-II state and federal efforts to change the content of local politics, at suburbanization, and at the shifting character of both economic and racial conflicts in local politics in America. One course in American politics is strongly recommended as a prerequisite for the course. This course is not part of a departmental sequence. The course will be conducted as a lecture course. Student evaluation will be based on a take-home midterm examination, one short paper, and a final examination. Cost:2 WL:1 (Burns)

428/Phil. 428/Asian Studies 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended for students who seek an introduction. There are no prior course requirements, and the lectures and readings avoid jargon. The immediate purpose is simple: to convey an understanding of the Chinese communist revolution, China's recent political history, its emergence into the world scene in the past few years, and its social, cultural, political, and economic conditions. The larger purpose is to awaken a life-long interest among students in following developments in China, because the rise of this nation is one of the major developments of our lifetime. Mr. Lieberthal will deliver more than half the lectures, and the remaining lectures will be given by professors from UM's leading Center for Chinese Studies. This is an inter-disciplinary course. Requirements are an hour exam, a short term paper, and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:1 (Lieberthal)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphores of bureaucracies (as symptoms based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. Students write one paper that is divided into three parts and take a final exam. (Feldman)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics.
This course examines the ideological, historical, and bureaucratic origins of the Soviet political system and the reasons for its demise. It discusses the influence of Marxism-Leninism, the political-cultural legacy of Tsarist Russia, and the organization of the Soviet government and Communist Party on Soviet policy. It explores the social, economic, and international sources of the breakdown of the Soviet system, the drama of Gorbachev's perestroika, and the prospects for the future of the Soviet successor states.

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction to attempts at reform. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. Attempts at political and economic reform and the fundamental changes of 1989-1990 are also included. This is a lecture course requiring a final examination and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Gitelman)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Pol. Sci. or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to politics and political change in the Arab Middle East and North Africa. Its approach is comparative, and its primary concern is with understanding and explaining domestic politics in the Arab states of the region. The first part of the course focuses on the historical evolution of regimes in the inter- and post war eras; the second part of the course is devoted to understanding the processes and structures that account for that evolution. (Crystal)

455. Government and Politics of China. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the politics of the People's Republic of China. Examines both the origins of the communist revolution and the consolidation of communist power. The themes of the course include: major political and socioeconomic campaigns since 1949; the role and the function of ideology and the communist party; conflicts between state and society; and impetus to and impact of economic and political reform instituted since Mao's death. (Huang)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Grading will be by examination and short papers; The main texts are Richardson and Flanagan, JAPANESE POLITICS, and Curtis, THE JAPANESE WAY OF POLITICS. Cost:3 (Campbell)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will provide students with an advanced overview of theoretical and empirical research on three broad topics in the study of international politics: (1) The causes of war. (2) Foreign policy decisionmaking. (3) International political economy. The course will not focus on a particular set of countries or time period but will be broad ranging in its scope and coverage. The course will be conducted largely as a lecture but students are encouraged to ask questions and engage in discussion when possible. Students will be graded on the basis of three written exams. (Huth)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Prerequisite: One course in political science. An introduction to the study of political and economic change in post- colonial countries. Major theoretical issues will be presented through historical material drawn from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Important themes include imperialism, dependency, pathways from colonialism, right- and left-wing revolutions, authoritarianism, and democratization. Cost: 3 WL: 1 (Winters)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY: PROCESS and SUBSTANCE. This course has several objectives: (a) to help illuminate the process and setting that produces American foreign policy; (b) to help familiarize students with scientific method and quantitative historical analysis in the context of U.S. role in world politics; and (c) enhance the student's ability to read, analyze, and write in a manner that is conceptually precise, analytically rigorous, and semantically clear. There will be quite a few short abstracts, memos, and analyses, plus one larger written assignment. There will be assigned reading in: (a) two or three required texts; (b) in the scholarly journals. This is not an "oral textbook" course; therefore lectures will be minimal and informal, but rigorous and interactive. This is not the best course for students who are passive or excessively concerned with admission to law school. Prerequisites: Political Science 160 and one 400-level social science course with grades of B+. Cost:1-2 WL:1. To get an override, the student must be a graduating senior and must bring writing samples and a copy of transcript. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course concerns the changing nature of East-West and North-South relations, focuses on the process by which American national security decisions are made, and treats alternative explanations of national security affairs. A special focus will be on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Persian Gulf War. The course uses a computer-assisted simulation of national security decision-making to provide participants first hand experience on constraints to rational action. Students should have taken an introductory course in international politics, such as PS 160. There will be two exams, a midterm and a final. Students will be evaluated regarding the quality and quantity of their participation in the simulation. Methods of instruction include lecture, discussion, and the simulation. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Tanter)

473. Foreign Policies of the European Powers. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001: Grand Strategy and Security.
This course will examine and compare how a variety of European great and middle powers have sought to provide security for themselves during the twentieth century. Historically, the course will focus on the causes of World War I, grand strategies before and during World War II, and security policies during and after the cold war. Among the theoretical issues to be considered will be domestic and external sources of foreign and defense policy, theories of alliance formation and of war causation, the impact of technological and military doctrinal change upon security, and alternative approaches to deterrence, including the use of military, nonmilitary, and positive sanctions. Although it will touch on some economic aspects of security, this is not a course in European political economy or foreign economic policy. Course requirements include substantial readings, several papers, two exams, and several map exercises. Cost:5 WL:3 (Mueller)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for one to six credits. A maximum of four credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

This is a seminar for seniors who are working on Honors theses. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001: Political Socialization.
This course provides a wide-ranging examination of the field of political socialization and its relationship to other aspects of the political process. Heavy reliance is placed on empirically-based literature. Although the majority of the readings deal with the United States, there is also a very liberal component of non-U.S. materials. A substantial research paper is required as well as occasional short discussion papers. Active participation in the classroom is expected. There will be a final. (Jennings)

Section 002: The Politics of Sex. This course will explore several case studies of legal conflict surrounding the politics of sex including: gay and lesbian lifestyles, sex education in schools, and several others. The course will be organized as a seminar with students expected to take responsibility for participating in and at times leading discussion. Two short papers and one longer one will be required. (Simon)

Section 003: African American Political Thought. This seminar considers the following questions. What are the core themes and concepts that have developed historically out of African American politics? To what degree have African political practices and norms influenced African American political thought? To what degree does African American political thought owe its heritage to western philosophy? Students will study important African American intellectuals and activists such as Ida B. Wells, W. E. B. Du Bois, Angela Davis, and Marcus Garvey as well as using historical records and survey data to understand how the "grassroots" have adopted core themes and concepts. Political science courses in public opinion and/or political theory, and CAAS courses in African American politics, history, and/or culture would provide useful preparation for this course. (Dawson)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001: Political Development in the Middle East.
This course is designed to explore contemporary theoretical approaches to the study of politics and political change in the Middle East. The approach is comparative. Cases are drawn predominantly from the Arab world. The goal is not (primarily) to present a detailed history of the region of any one state; rather it is to develop greater familiarity with the concepts and conceptual frameworks used in the study of politics and to apply them to the states of one region. The first part of the course deals with the region as a whole, with the basic issues of development, and with the major theoretical approaches to the study of development (including modernization and dependency). The second part analyzes economic, social, and political structures in the region. Three themes appear throughout the course: poverty and wealth, ideology and identity, and coercion and concent. The course has no formal prerequisites except the instructor's permission. Ordinarily, however, at least one prior course on the politics or history of the region is expected; this is not an introduction to Middle Eastern politics. Cost:2/3 WL:4 (Crystal)

Section 003: Democratization In Global Perspective. This is an undergraduate seminar which will be limited to 15 participants. We will examine the basic literature and recent findings on democratization, with reference to Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia and Africa. We will first seek to answer, What are the essential characteristics of democracy? and then proceed to analyze, What conditions are conducive to the emergence of democracy? and, What good is it? i.e., What are the consequences of having democratic institutions? In the process of answering the second of these questions, we will assess the prospects for the survival of democracy in newly democratizing societies, and the relative likelihood of its emergence in other countries. (Inglehart)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001: International Relations Theory and the Future of World Politics.
This seminar will explore a number of historical and contemporary debates in international relations theory with particular attention to the theories' predictions about the future of the international system. Among the topics likely to be covered are: systemic, domestic, and environmental causes of war; polarity, power distribution and stability; alliance formation; hegemonic stability, regimes, and other theories of economic openness and closure; national rise and decline; and the probability of continuity or transformation of the modern state system. We will also look at some past predictive efforts of IR theorists and discuss methodological problems related to prediction and the construction of counterfactual arguments. Grades will be based upon several papers, class presentations, and seminar participation. Cost:5 WL:3 (Mueller)

Section 002: Russia in the International System. The course examines the role of post-Soviet Russia in the international system, both in terms of its relations with other ex-Soviet republics and with various regions of the world, including Europe, the United States, and the Third World. We will draw on theories of international relations, comparative politics, and political economy, as well as historical material, to analyze Russia's current and potential future position in international affairs. We will pay particular attention to linkages between domestic and international politics. The course will be conducted in seminar format with frequent writing assignments and class discussions.

499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to Juniors and Seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: David Freedman, Robert Pisani, and Roger Purves, STATISTICS, New York: W.W. Norton, 1978, hereafter noted as FPP. Required readings other than FPP are in a course pack. [Cost:2 or 3] [WL:1] (Jackson)

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data.

529/IPPS 529. Statistics. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

An introductory course (intended for graduate students at the Institute of Public Policy Studies) that covers descriptive statistics, elementary probability theory, normal and binomial distributions, sampling theory, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing. There is also an introduction to simple regression analysis and to statistical decision theory. Cost:3 WL:3 (Chamberlin)

585/IPPS 585. Political Environment of Public Policy Analysis. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Section 001. A review of the political and organizational environment for policy analysis and design in the American governmental system. The course will begin with some critical reflections on policy analysis by exploring its political uses and limitations. We will pay particular attention to the importance of political values in the analysis of policy problems and solutions. We will then turn to a detailed examination of the American political system, focusing our attention on the institutions, actors, and decision making processes at the national level. Where possible, we will try to raise the relevant issues of politics and policy analysis through the examination of substantive policy areas and particular cases. Cost:3 WL:4 (Hall)

591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 5619 Haven Hall.

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