Courses in Russian (Division 466)


101. First-Year Russian. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103 or 111. (4). (LR).

In this course the student is introduced to the basics of Russian pronunciation and grammar. The course begins with an intensive study of the Russian sound system and orthographic rules (the alphabet and correct spelling). Students spend an average of 1.5 hours a day working in the language lab in the first few weeks of the course. After the basics of pronunciation and spelling are mastered, the course turns to the basics of the Russian grammar and the nature of the homework shifts. Now students spend two hours each week in the language lab, and do an average of 1-1.5 hours a night writing exercises. The class is supplemented by video shows and slide shows. This class, just as Russian 102, 201, and 202 has evening exams. Students who intend to concentrate in Russian Language and Literature or in Russian and East European Studies might consider taking the intensive class, Russian 103. [Cost:2] [WL:4]

102. First-Year Russian, Continued. Russian 101 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103, 111, or 112. (4). (LR).

In this course, the sequel to Russian 101, students complete their survey of Russian grammar, expand their vocabulary and learn to express themselves in Russian about topics of interest including Russian and Soviet history and culture. The class is supplemented by video shows and slide shows. Students are expected to spend at least two hours a week listening to tapes in the language lab and to complete 1-1.5 hours of written homework every night. This course entails three hourly exams which are given in the evening over the course of the term. [Cost:2] [WL:4]

103. First-Year Intensive Russian. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, 111, or 112. (10). (LR).

This course covers in one term what is ordinarily covered in two terms in Russian 101 and 102. The course carries ten credit hours which is over half the average underclass academic load and is designed for highly motivated students who wish to acquire rapid mastery of Russian. This course is especially recommended for students intending to choose a concentration in Russian Language and Literature or Russian and East European Studies. Students are expected to complete approximately 20 to 25 hours of homework per week, including four to five hours in the language laboratory. [Cost:2] [WL:4]

105. Spoken Russian I. Russian 101 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 102. (1). (Excl).

Russian 105, 106, and 107 are designed for students who wish to supplement their work in Russian grammar classes with more conversation practice. The courses meet for one hour per week, and are one credit hour. Students are expected to be prepared to converse on assigned topics. The conversation courses are recommended for those students considering a concentration in Russian, or for students from the Center for Russian and East European Studies. These courses are calibrated to move together with the regular Russian grammar courses, and are limited in size to 15 students, assuring all those interested have the opportunity to speak up in Russian. Generally 105 is appropriate for students in Russian 102, 106 for students in Russian 201, and 107 for students in 202 or even 301. An individual oral evaluation at the beginning of the course, and again at the completion, serves to provide a basis for the final grade. Participation is heavily considered in the final grade. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

106. Spoken Russian II. Russian 102 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 201. (1). (Excl).

Conversation practice course for students in Russian 201. See description for Russian 105.

107. Spoken Russian III. Russian 201 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 202. (1). (Excl).

Conversation practice course for students in Russian 202. See description for Russian 105.

111. Special Reading Course. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, or 103. (4). (Excl).

Course designed for students, graduate or undergraduate, who wish to achieve a READING proficiency in Russian for research purposes. Concentration on rapid acquisition of basic grammar and syntax and on translation from Russian to English. No previous knowledge required. Quizzes and final translation exam. [Cost:1 for required text; Russ-Engl dictionary cost of dictionary varies widely] (Titunik)

112. Special Reading Course, Continued. Russian 111 or equivalent. Credit is not granted for Russian 112 and Russian 102 or 103 without departmental permission. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 201, 202, or 203. (4). (Excl).

A tutorial (independent study) course intended as a follow-up to Russian 111. One individual meeting per week with instructor. Student chooses Russian material for translation from his/her own field of interest. Russian 111 or equivalent knowledge required. One final translation exam. [Cost:1 for required text; Russ-Engl dictionary cost varies widely] (Titunik)

201. Second-Year Russian. Russian 102 or 103 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 203. (4). (LR).

This course reviews and expands grammatical concepts first covered during the First-Year Russian (101 and 102) courses, focusing on verbal aspect, declension, and the verbs of placement. The course also emphasizes speaking and listening skills. Students are expected to complete 8-12 hours of homework per week. [Cost:3] [WL:4]

202. Second-Year Russian, Continued. Russian 201 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 203. (4). (LR).

This course assumes students' knowledge of the fundamentals of Russian grammar, and involves a comprehensive study of the declension of numbers, the use of verbs of motion (with and without spacial prefixes), the formation and usage of participles and gerunds. Students read and write texts of increasing complexity, discussing Russian and Soviet history, culture and other topics of interest. The course requires 8-12 hours of homework per week. [Cost:3] [WL:4]

301. Third-Year Russian. Russian 202 or equivalent and satisfactory scores on a proficiency test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 303. (4). (Excl).

Third-year Russian starts with the assumption that the basic aspects of the language have been assimilated, and therefore emphasizes practical skills reading, writing, and speaking. Difficult grammatical points are reviewed, vocabulary is greatly enlarged, idiomatic constructions are studied. It is a recitation course and students are asked to participate in class discussion and give oral reports. Students are evaluated on the basis of both their oral and written performance. [Cost:2] [WL:4]

401. Fourth-Year Russian. Russian 302 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 403. (4). (Excl).

Russian 401 is offered during the Fall Term and Russian 402 is offered during the Winter Term of every academic year. Prerequisites: three years of Russian (minimum). Work in class and in the language lab covers the following: advanced Russian phonetics, reading of various texts, compositions and oral reports. Work in grammar covers Russian verbal prefixes and aspects, a review of the verbs of motion, particles and verbal adverbs. Progress is checked by examinations and term papers. [Cost:1] [WL:2,3] (Milman)

413. Business Russian. Russian 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is planned for Advanced Russian students (3rd year or above) who are oriented toward economics or business. In particular, this would target seniors seeking experience in international business and graduate students in the Center for Russian and East European Studies Master Degree program (or in various departments, who either wish to pursue employment opportunities in business or government or who wish to get a Ph.D. in economics, political science or history.) Course will focus upon the vocabulary and locations of commercial Russian, both oral and written. Students will be expected to learn format and jargon for various types of business communication. Quizzes and examinations will be given as appropriate, both written and oral. No final examinations. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Milman)

415. Analysis of Contemporary Spoken Russian. Russian 402 or 403, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Russian 415 emphasizes difficult aspects of the Russian language, such as colloquial Russian, idioms and set phrases, and practical stylistics as an instrument of style. Students read short stories by different Russian authors, plays, articles from newspapers and magazines, and write compositions and give oral reports. Students are evaluated on the basis of both oral and written performance. [Cost:1] (Milman)


231. Russian Culture and Society: An Introduction. (3). (Excl).

An interdisciplinary course taught by faculty specialists spanning the ten centuries of Russian culture: from Ivan the Terrible to the Bolshevik Revolution and the turbulent events of the present day. The course will examine Russian language, literature, art, music, cinema and theater, with an emphasis on studying the major themes and ideas that have determined the unusual course of Russia's cultural and intellectual history. We will be exploring the rich texture of Russian civilisation by learning about the art of icon painting and the Russian Orthodox church, for example, and by studying the form and meaning of the Cyrillic alphabet. We will also watch some of Eisenstein's classic films, read the writings of some of the giants of Russian literature, listen to the music of Tschaikovsky and Stravinsky, look at the paintings of Kandinsky and Malevich, and examine the unique character of the architecture of Moscow and St. Petersburg. Requirements: Three short essays. No knowledge of Russian required. (Bartlett)

351. Introduction to Russian Literature. Russian 202 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to Russian prose (selected short stories and excerpts from novels) of the 19th and 20th centuries. Classes are conducted in Russian. There are three take-home essays (in Russian), a midterm and a final (partly in English). Class discussion is encouraged. There are also oral presentations (one per student) on individual authors (life and work). The course increases vocabulary, reading speed, written and oral fluency, while developing literary-analytical skills. (Humesky)

355. Supervised Reading of Russian Literature. Permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit twice.

Students develop a term-long reading and writing project on a topic or topics in Russian literary or linguistic studies, in consultation with a member of the faculty. Readings usually include substantial amounts of Russian. Weekly meetings with the supervisor may be conducted in English or Russian. Writing assignments made according to the number of credit hours elected, but must correspond to the writing expectations of upper-level department courses. [Cost:1] [WL:2 (Makin, or any other graduate faculty)

449. Twentieth-Century Russian Literature. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (HU).

This historical survey of Russian literature from 1890 to 1921 covers the final achievements of realism in the later works of Tolstoy and Chekhov, the art of symbolism, the post-symbolist currents in poetry and prose, and the major literary events of the first post-revolutionary years both in the USSR and in exile. The required reading includes English translations of representative poems by Soloviev, Bryusov, Balmont, Merezhkovsky, Hippius, Sologub, Blok, Belyi, Vjacheslav Ivanov, Annensky, Kuzmin, Khodasevich, Gumilev, Akhmatova, Mandelstam, Khlebnikov, Mayakovsky, Pasternak, Tsvetaeva, and Esenin. Students select their own readings in prose and drama out of an extensive list of titles ranging from Soloviev's THREE CONVERSATIONS through Belyi's PETERSBURG to Zamyatin's WE. Midterm paper and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Ronen)

451/RC Hums. 451. Survey of Russian Literature. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (HU).

This course traces the history of Russian literature from its beginnings to 1870, with the main focus being the Russian novel and its evolution during the nineteenth century. We will thus be concentrating on the major prose fiction of Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy, but major developments in poetry will also be covered. Works such as Crime and Punishment and War and Peace will be analysed in detail and also discussed in the context of the literary and social conditions in which they were produced. We will also be exploring the role of women in 19th-century Russian literature; one of the set texts will be the novel A Double Life by Karolina Pavlova, Russia's most important 19th-century woman writer. Lectures and discussion. Two papers, two exams. Cost:2 WL:1 (Bartlett)

453. Emigre Literature: Nabokov. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (Excl).

This course deals with the major representatives of the external and internal émigré literature: Vladimir Nabokov and Mixail Bulgakov. Required reading: King-Queen-Knave, The Gift, An Invitation to the Beheading, Tyrants Destroyed; The White Guard, Heart of the Dog, The Master and Margarita, The Theatrical Novel. Cost: 2 (Ronen)

470. Soviet Russian Drama. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (2). (Excl).

The course traces the development of the Russian theatre after the revolution of 1917. Major plays will be discussed against the historical background, including the governmental policies and various trends in stage production. Beginning with Majakovsky's "Mystery-Bouffe" the first play produced under the Soviets, we shall read plays by such authors as Trenev, Bulgakov, Olesha, Leonov, Schwartz, Arbuzov and others and evaluate them for their artistic merit and ideological content. The plays will be available in a course pack. There will be two short essays and a final examination. (Humesky)

491. Senior Honors Course. Approval of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The first half of the two-term Honors course. Honors students, working in consultation with the Honors adviser and a thesis supervisor conduct research on an area of literary or linguistic studies. By the end of 491 the students should have a detailed bibliography and a prospectus for a thesis. Regular meetings with the adviser and participation in an informal seminar are expected. Studies continue with 492. (Makin)

Courses in Czech (Division 355)

241. Second-Year Czech. Czech 142 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

This is a continuation of Czech 141 and 142 with emphasis on acquainting students with basic reading, writing, and language skills. Daily preparation, quizzes and tests and the language lab are required of all students. [Cost:1] [WL:NA]

480. Supervised Czech Reading. Permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Selected readings in Czech on specific topics according to the student's needs and qualifications. Knowledge of Czech through Czech 142 is required. Cost:1 (Toman)

Courses in Polish (Division 447)


121. First-Year Polish. (4). (LR).

Introductory course presenting basic grammatical information and vocabulary. Constant oral drill and practice. Regular use of language laboratory. During the second term short Polish stories and poems are read as part of the classwork, and conversations and discussions in Polish are introduced at an elementary level. [Cost:1] [WL:4]

221. Second-Year Polish. Polish 122 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course builds on work done in 121-122, First-Year Polish, and assumes a good knowledge of the grammatical structure of the language. Emphasis is placed first on reading Polish and second on developing increased competence in speaking and writing. [Cost:1] [WL:4]

321. Third-Year Polish. Two years of Polish or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course builds substantially on work done in 221-222, Second-Year Polish. Emphasis on recognizing and practicing various styles: writing business and personal letters; scholarly and artistic prose; poetry; idiomatic, contemporary slang; and translation for publication. [Cost:2] [WL:3]


425. Polish Literature in English. (3). (HU).

The course surveys the development of Polish literature in terms of individual authors and major literary movements from the beginning until 1863. Individual critical analyses of texts required. A knowledge of Polish is NOT required. All readings in English translation. Can NOT be taken as tutorial. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Carpenter)

450. Directed Polish Reading. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The course is designed for students who wish to read Polish texts in the original. Readings are selected individually by students in consultation with the instructor, and they cover different fields including literature, art, philosophy, journalism, and history. Prerequisite: three years of Polish or equivalent. Students are evaluated on the basis of oral and written reports. No exams. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Carpenter)

Courses in Serbo-Croatian (Division 473)

131. First-Year Serbo-Croatian. (4). (LR).

An introduction to the grammar of the principal literary language of Yugoslavia, with exercises in reading, writing and speaking, including drill in the language laboratory. [Cost:1] WL:2

439. Directed Reading of Serbo-Croatian Literature. Permission of instructor. (2). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit twice.

This course is designed to provide an opportunity for extensive reading in Serbo-Croatian of a variety of materials at an advanced level. The subject matter covered is dependent upon the preparation and interest of the individual student. Texts range from belles-lettres (short stories, novels) through journalism and history. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Stolz)


151. First-Year Ukrainian. (4). (LR).

Introductory course in Ukrainian language including grammar, extensive drills both oral and written, reading of dialogues and supplementary materials. Some work should be done in the language laboratory. The textbook to be used is MODERN UKRAINIAN by Professor Assya Humesky.

421. Directed Reading in Ukrainian Literature. Open to non-concentrators. A knowledge of Ukrainian is not required. (1-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 8 credits.

Reading can be done in English or in Ukrainian. Plan of study is worked out with each student on an individual basis. Hourly discussion sessions are held once a week and a number of written essays are assigned per term (one for each credit earned). [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Humesky)


225. Arts and Cultures of Central Europe. (3). (HU).

The course is an introduction to the rich cultures of the peoples of Central Europe (Croats, Czechs, Hungarians, Jews, Poles, Serbs, and Slovaks) seen against the background of two world wars, communism, and its recent disintegration. Culturally vibrant, Central Europe reveals the tragic destiny of twentieth-century civilization which gave rise to two totalitarian systems: fascism and communism. The course will outline the ethnic complexities of the region, with special attention to Jewish culture and its tragic destruction during the Holocaust. The trauma of the war on civilian population will be documented by contemporary films. The course will examine the fate of culture under totalitarianism, and study subterfuges used by novelists, dramatists and artists to circumvent political control and censorship. Students will read works by Kafka, Milosz, Kundera and Havel, see movies by Wajda and others, become acquainted with Czech and Polish avant-garde art and music, and the unique cultural atmosphere of Central European cities: Vienna, Prague, Budapest and Warsaw. (Toman, Eagle, Carpenter)

313/RC Hums. 313. Soviet Cinema. (3). (HU).

In the 1920's Russian filmmakers armed with bold new ideas about cinematic art created the theory of film montage and through it a decade of acknowledged masterpieces. In the 1930's experimentation gave way to an officially sanctioned "socialist realist" art, ideologically dogmatic and oriented toward the regime's specific political and social goals. However, after Stalin's death experimentation and diversity reemerged in Soviet cinema. Although "socialist realism" remained the officially sanctioned style, directors were able to reintroduce personal themes, and, more subtly, religious and philosophical issues. The 1980's saw the reemergence of a variety of approaches (from documentary "naturalism" to symbolist allegory, from satire and parody to the grotesque) and open political and social criticism in the spirit of glasnost. Distinctive styles emerged in Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, and Kazakhstan. Films such as SCARECROW (1984), MY FRIEND IVAN LAPSHIN (1985), REPENTANCE (1986), and LITTLE VERA (1988) examined with amazing frankness the dismal economic and spiritual consequences of the Stalin-Brezhnev years. The course will examine this rich history, in terms of both theme and styles. Evaluation will be based on contributions to class discussion and three short (5-7 page) critical papers. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Eagle

395/REES 395/Pol. Sci. 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395.

483. Fundamentals of Slavic Linguistics. (3). (Excl).

The course provides a general survey of linguistic approaches to the Slavic languages. Topics include the fundamentals of phonetic, phonological, morphological and syntactic analysis. Emphasis is placed on modern theoretical approaches. The course is also appropriate for undergraduate Russian concentrators in both junior and senior years. Grading will be based on class participation, oral reports and written tests. (Toman)


171/Armenian 171. First-Year Armenian. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with no previous knowledge of Armenian. Reading, writing and speaking are equally emphasized. Homework assignments and listening to tapes on a regular basis, frequent short tests and a final examination are required. Overall performance throughout the year/term and in the final examination and compliance with requirements will determine the grade. [Cost:1] (Bardakjian)

271/Armenian 271. Second-Year Armenian. Slavic Ling. 172 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course concentrates on reading Armenian texts with commentaries on grammatical and stylistic points, and an equal emphasis on conversation and frequent written work. Grade is based on performance, attendance and a final examination. The reading material consists of the literature appended to Bardakjian's and Thomson's A TEXTBOOK OF MODERN WESTERN ARMENIAN and a course pack. [Cost:2] (Bardakjian)

371/Armenian 371. Third-Year Armenian. Armenian 272. (3). (Excl).

This course is for students who have completed two years of college Armenian or attained an equivalent command of Modern Western Armenian. Literary texts are read with appropriate commentary with a view to improve reading competence and fluency in written and spoken Armenian. (Bardakjian)

416/Armenian 416. Continuity and Change: Armenian Literature of the 10th-18th Centuries. (3). (Excl).

See Armenian Studies 416. (Bardakjian)


261. Second-Year Macedonian. Macedonian 162. (4). (LR).

A continuation of Macedonian 161-162, with increased emphasis upon the development of translation and composition skills alongside audio-lingual drill leading to more advanced conversational ability. Literary texts will be introduced. The course is intended to prepare students for summer, term, and academic-year intensive programs in the Republic of Macedonia (Yugoslavia) or for research using Macedonian materials. Daily homework, hour examination, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:2

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