Courses in HISTORY (DIVISION 390)

100-Level Courses are Survey Courses and Introductory Courses for Freshmen and Sophomores

110. Medieval, Renaissance, and Reformation Europe. (4). (SS).
Section 001: Conflict and Change in European History: From the Romans to c. 1700.
History 110 is a survey designed to introduce students to the major themes of European history, beginning with the transformation of the Roman empire into the barbarian kingdoms of the early medieval West. Subsequent topics include the origin of universities, and the evolution of thinking about individuality, nationhood and the nature of political authority. Attention is also given to events in Spain, where for centuries, Christian, Jewish and Islamic cultures evolved along side each other. By way of examining the impact of Europe overseas, the Spanish penetration of Central and South America will be studied in light of both indigenous and European documentation. The course concludes with reflections on the origins of modern political theory and of the scientific method. Readings are from original sources. Lectures are thematic and analytical, and class discussion, as well as written work by students should be anchored in an active engagement with the material, not in passive memorisation. The course, while covering a long time span and very diverse materials, encourages understanding and critical thinking, rather than learning by rote. (MacCormack)

121/Asian Studies 121. Great Traditions of East Asia. (4). (HU).

This is an introduction to the civilizations of China, Korea and Japan. It aims to provide an overview of changing traditions from ancient to early modern times (ca. 1650 AD) by outlining broad trends which not only transformed the society, politics, economy and culture of each country but also laid the ground for future shaping of this region into three distinctly different modern nations. Development of Confucian style governments, the spread of Buddhism, growing gender disparities, functions of scholars and samurai, the meanings of peasant rebellions are some of the topics we will cover. Besides the textbook, we will read contemporary accounts and view films and slides in order to acquire intimate appreciation of these cultures. There are no prerequisites for enrollment. Course requirements include attendance at lectures, participation in discussion sections, and completion of two examinations. Cost:2 WL:3 (Forage)

130/ABS 160. Introduction to the History of the Ancient Near East. (3). (Excl).

See GNE 160. (Beckman)

151/University Courses 172/Asian Studies 111. South Asian Civilization. (4). (HU).

See UC 172. (Dirks)

160. United States to 1865. (4). (SS).

This course will focus on changing notions of what America, both as a society and as a polity, stands for. It will turn first to the sources of the growing American self-consciousness in the 18th century; will describe the vision embraced by the founding fathers; will explain the forces which produced a mutation in that vision, creating Jacksonianism; will develop the seeds of self-destruction in the Jacksonian creed; will explain the sources of the suicide of Jacksonian America and the birth of the industrial faith; and will seek to define the residuum which each of these historical movements contributed to modern America. There will be a midterm and final examination. Weekly assignments will amount to perhaps 150 to 200 pages, and will be drawn both from primary sources and from secondary comments. Though designed as a survey, the course presupposes some vague familiarity with the structure of American history; and will therefore desert the strictly narrative, for emphasis on certain episodes and movements which possess symbolic value. Cost:5 WL:4 (Thornton)

161. United States, 1865 to the Present. (4). (SS).

History 161 has three basic objectives. First, we expect you to gain a better understanding of some of the social, cultural, political, economic, and demographic forces that have shaped the American experience since the Civil War. Lectures, discussion sections, and readings will focus on transformations in the labor force and workplace; the significance of race, ethnicity, gender and class in defining American identities; changes in family life and community networks; and the shifting scope of the public and private sectors. Second, the staff wants you to refine basic reading and writing skills that can be applied throughout your undergraduate education. There will be a midterm and final examination and several short papers. Finally, the course is designed to give you some historical direction as you think about where you are heading and why. Cost:3 WL:2 (Achenbaum)

170/American Culture 170/University Courses 170/Women's Studies 210. Histories of "Witchcraft." First-year students only. (4). (Introductory Composition).

See American Culture 170.

200-Level Courses are for Sophomores and Upper Class Students

200. Greece to 201 B.C. (4). (HU).

This course presents a survey of history from early states to the Hellenistic kingdoms. Primary emphasis is on the development of society. Students need no special background except an ability to think in broad terms and concepts. Readings are drawn principally from Greek sources in translation. There are two hour examinations plus a final examinations. Discussion sections are integrated with lectures and reading. Cost:2 WL:1

218. The Vietnam War, 1945-1975. (4). (SS).

This course examines the wars that were fought in and around Vietnam from 1945 to 1975, with primary emphasis on the period of heavy American involvement from the mid-1950's. The course seeks to explain the origins, strategy, and impact of U.S. intervention. At the same time the course will explain the motivation of the Vietnam Communists and of their domestic opponents. Thus the Vietnam war will be analyzed both as the longest and most controversial foreign war in American history, and as the climax to an Asian social revolution. Cost:4 WL:4

220. Survey of British History to 1688. (4). (SS).

This course is an introduction to English history from the Anglo-Saxon conquest until the Revolution of 1668. Its focus is necessarily on the main developments and most momentous events in the millennium of history it covers. The first half of the course deals with the formation and consolidation of the English nation and the shocks it endured in the Middle Ages. The development of the monarchy and the Church, the nature of English feudalism and the massive demographic calamities of the fourteenth century are among the themes that will be discussed. The second half of the course covers the dissolution of medieval institutions and society and the creation of a new kind of state and culture. The Chief developments that will be discussed are the Tudor reforms in government, the Protestant reformation, the growth and redistribution of the population and the expansion of the economy. Attention will also be given to early modern social life and popular beliefs. The course will end with a discussion of the political revolutions of the seventeenth century and their significance. (MacDonald)

250. China from the Oracle Bones to the Opium War. (3). (HU).

This course consists of a survey of early Chinese history, with special emphasis on the origins and development of the political, social, and economic institutions and their intellectual foundations. Special features include class participation in performing a series of short dramas recreating critical issues and moments in Chinese history, slides especially prepared for the lectures, and lectures on literature and society in premodern China and Classical Opera (historical significance, intellectual and social themes and roles, and demonstrations). WL:1 (Chang)

251. Modern China. (3). (SS).

History 251 examines the transformation of modern China from 1800 to the present; i.e., from the late Qing empire to the post-Mao era in contemporary China, by means of lectures, reading, and discussion. The main events of 19th and 20th century China and their various interpretations are explored: Chinese state and society at the end of the 18th century; the Opium wars and the establishment of a foreign presence; 19th century rebellions and their consequences; imperialism and reform; the republican revolution; nationalism and social revolution in the 1920's; the development of the Communist movement; war and civil war in the 1930's and 1940's; the People's Republic of China since 1949. About 150 pages of reading a week from text, monographs and translations of contemporary materials. A course paper is required. Midterm and final examinations. Cost:2,3 WL:3 (A.Feuerwerker)

300-Level Courses and Above are for Juniors and Seniors

306/GNE 362/Rel. 358. History and Religion of Ancient Israel. (3). (HU).

See Near Eastern Studies 362. (Schmidt)

318. Imperialism and After: Europe 1890-1945. (4). (SS).
Politics and Society in Modern Europe, 1890-1945.
This course examines social, cultural and political responses to the disruptive forces of industrial development, war, revolution and depression experienced from 1890 to 1945 in both western and eastern European societies. At the heart of the course lie the distinctive issues of twentieth century European politics, including: the impact of two world wars on state and society, imperialism and the rise of European nationalist movements, the political mobilization of economically and disadvantaged groups (industrialized workers, women, peasants, disgruntled strata of the middle classes), and the emergence of fascism from the crises of liberalism and capitalism.

332/Pol. Sci. 395/Slavic 395/REES 395/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union and its Successor States. (4). (SS).

See Russian and East European Studies 395.

365/CAAS 334/Amer. Cult. 336. Popular Culture in Contemporary Black America. (3). (Excl).

See CAAS 334. (Kelley)

366. Twentieth-Century American Wars as Social and Personal Experience. (4). (HU).

History 366 will examine via talks, books, films and discussion sections America's wars of the past one hundred years, with emphasis on those that have engaged this society since 1940. The stress will fall on individual perceptions of war's purposes and meanings as they are revealed in autobiography and fiction and on the patterns of personal experience as they have altered from war to war. In larger historical perspective, we shall examine the following themes: American society's patterns of response to situations of conflict; methods of mobilizing the nation for war; the experience of the homefront; American images of ally and enemy; the peculiar attractions of combat; the roles of such groups as women, minorities and leadership elites; and the impact of technology in altering the nature of war. There will be little discussion of tactics or the technical processes of war-making. Students are asked to select one of the lecture sections, and to register as well for one of the discussion sections scheduled to meet an additional hour each week. There are no history-course prerequisites for History 366. Cost:5 WL:2 (Linderman)

393. Topics in U.S. and Latin American History. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 History of the Family in the United States, 1880 to the Present.
This course aims to help students gain a perspective on the contemporary family by studying the development of this important institution in the American past. Particular emphasis will be placed on changing attitudes towards and experiences of sex roles, sexuality, childrearing, work patterns, and relationships between men, women and children. We will explore race, ethnicity, and class, cover economic developments as well as shifting conceptions of the role of the state, and ask about the impact of these factors on family life. We will want to examine how much the family has changed over time and try to project, on the basis of historical evidence, whither the family is going. (Morantz-Sanchez)

396. History Colloquium. History concentrators are required to elect Hist. 396 or 397. (4). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 12 credits.

Enrollment limited to history concentrators needing ECB requirement and by override only. Apply for overrides at 3613 Haven Hall on Thursday, April 1st ONLY. Students may be dropped for non-attendance at the first meting of History 396 or 397. All students must take action at CRISP to make sure that their official schedule of courses matches the courses they are attending.

Section 001 Social History of the U.S. Civil War. (Vinovskis)

Section 002 Law And Society In American History. This course deals with several major themes in American legal history from the Colonial period to the early twentieth century. The themes include: tensions between formal legal rules and widespread social attitudes in various setting, including the local community, the family, and the larger economic order; changes in concepts regarding the nature and source of law and the relationship between those concepts and the roles of legislation, judicial opinions and informal or "customary norms"; concepts of human behavior as they relate to legal and social ideas regarding both the theory of criminal responsibility and the practical uses of institutions to enforce the law and to "correct" offenders; the relationship between socio-economic development and legal change regarding issues of class, gender, and race; the various meanings of the "rights tradition" in America. These subjects will be pursued through analysis of a selection of recent books (paperbacks) and articles. Attention will be paid both to the substantive matters listed above and to the manner in which historians have formulated issues and employed evidence in setting forth arguments regarding specific historical contexts. Students will be expected to write at least 30 pages, including a term paper of their choosing. The term paper will be an analytical essay on one of the main themes of the course and will draw upon several of the works read for the course. Cost:5 (Green)

Section 003 Urban Political Machine in America. (McDonald)

Section 004 Plagues: Mass Disease in American Cultural History. From epidemics of yellow fever and cholera in the 19th century to AIDS today, dramatic disease outbreaks both reflected and deeply affected American culture. This course will study examples from the 1790s to the present, exploring the bio-cultural interactions that shaped these disease experiences, and tracing their effects on American society. While no background in American history or medical science is required, prior course work in either would be helpful. Course is primarily discussion format with short introductory lectures. A 15 page paper based on original historical research, a weekly journal, and two five page book reviews are required. Those absent from the first meeting without advance permission WILL BE DROPPED from the course. Cost:1-5. Required purchases cost about $15 but additional required assignments available on reserve may also be purchased for about $125. WL:3 (Pernick)

Section 007 World War II in Asia. This course will focus on the East Asian belligerents in World War II their understanding of the issues leading to war and their responses to each other and to non-Asian participants in the politics of the area in the 1930s and 1940s. In an effort to comprehend World War II as a part of Asian history, we shall examine the manner in which the war was fought, including issues of atrocities and racism, and the role of the war in reshaping politics and society in East Asia. Previous knowledge of modern East Asian history would be useful. The weekly reading assignments, to be discussed in class, will be drawn from narrative accounts, analytic essays, and documents of the period. Students will be required to submit several papers, including rewritten versions. Grades will be based on these papers and class participation. WL:2 (Young)

Section 008 History of Women and Gender in Modern Europe. This course aims to acquaint undergraduate History majors with the history of women and gender in modern Europe mainly Britain, France, and Germany with limited study of Russia and Italy during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We will examine the "sexual politics" that shaped key processes of social transformation: industrialization, middle-class and working-class formation, social movements (religious, socialist, nationalist, suffrage), the First and Second World Wars, the rise of Nazism in Germany and Fascism in Italy, and the emergence of the welfare state during the first half of the 20th century. While carefully considering the various national contexts, we will examine and compare the ways in which gender conflict shaped these processes and the extent to which definitions of masculinity and femininity were transformed by them. As this is an ECB course, it will emphasize critical writing as well as reading skills. Students should be familiar with modern European history (based on History 111, History 318 or similar courses). Permission of instructor is required. Enrollment is limited to 15. Cost:4 WL:2,3. (Canning)

397. History Colloquium. History concentrators are required to elect Hist. 396 or 397. (4). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 12 credits.

Enrollment limited to history concentrators and by override only. Apply for overrides at 3613 Haven Hall on Thursday, April 1st ONLY. Students may be dropped for non-attendance at the first meting of History 396 or 397. All students must take action at CRISP to make sure that their official schedule of courses matches the courses they are attending.

Section 001 Asia Through Fiction. See Asian Studies 441. (Murphey)

Section 002 Organizing A New American Presidency to Govern. (Mackaman)

Section 003 Cultural Politics in Industrial America. This course will use a variety of sources to examine how "culture" was defined, divided and fought over in the United States between 1865 and 1930. We will focus on the emergence of standsards separating "high" and "low" culture, as well as on approaches to social and education reform that sought to define the "culture" of particular class, ethnic, and racial groups. Previous courses in modern American history are advised. Requirements will include class participation, two short paper and a research paper. Cost:3 WL:3 (Oberdeck)

Section 004 European Thought in the 19th and 20th Centuries. The topics to be considered will include, among others: Romanticism; Liberalism (its defenders and detractors); Nationalism; Intellectuals and Cultural Crises. It is recommended that students have a background in modern European history. The course will be conducted through lecture and discussion with papers and examinations required. Texts will include source material and contemporary responses to historical events. The purpose of the course will be to familiarize students with certain of the major cultural and political movements prominent in Europe during the past two centuries. Cost:3 WL:2 (Becker)

Section 005 Theological Issues from Origen to Chalcedon. The period between the mid-third century (when Origen died) to 451 (the Council of Chalcedon) saw Christianity rise from a persecuted sect to the state religion (and also the majority religion) of the Roman Empire. In this period Christianity met Platonism, leading to various syntheses and conflicts; Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and ended separation between Church and State, leading to all sorts of accommodations to the state and changes as to how the church was run and the role of bishops; in this period asceticism (individual and community monasticism) developed and became wide spread; the Church was also rent with controversy forcing it to define its doctrinal positions on the Trinity (Council of Nicea) and on the relations between the Human and Divine natures of Christ (Council of Chalcedon); it also became necessary to work out how salvation (in the form of bodily resurrection) could occur and thus a theory had to be worked out to explain the way the eucharist worked; moreover major debate occurred on the part played by God's grace and human merit in salvation. This course will examine these and other issues. Each week will have a particular topic (with readings from works in paper back and course pack). Each student will be able to follow up a particular topic of interest in a 15-20 page paper. I cannot be certain about book/material costs; I would guess under $100; but all material will also be on library reserve. If the course fills up, students wanting to get into the class should come to see me in office hours: Winter term Mondays 8:30-4:30, 1213 Angell; Tuesdays 3:30-5:00, 4622 Haven. Spring term inquire at History Dept. for my Spring Office hours. I will consider overrides only at regular office hours and the student must appear in person. I will consider no overrides at other times or by telephone. (J.Fine)

Section 006 Social Change in Latin America. This course will examine processes of social change in twentieth century Latin America, focusing on the development urban populations, the transformation of the countryside, projects of agrarian reform, and collective mobilizations of various kinds. We will also look at the meanings of race and gender in repidly evolving urban and rural contexts, as well as the evolution of class structures. Readings will include historical and anthropological monographs, as well as fiction and testimonial literature.

Section 008 Witchcraft: Social and Cultural Dimensions in the Early Modern Period. Attitudes toward witchcraft are extremely revealing as a way to understand early modern society, community structure, gender relations, intellectual and religious attitudes, and legal culture. The phenomenon of witchcraft has produced an enormous array of modern reactions, ranging from historical and anthropological analyses, to satanic and feminist revivals of witchcraft practice, to popular, sensationalized novels and movies. This course is designed to expose students to the wide variety of mystical, political, literary, historical, and anthropological approaches taken toward the subject of witchcraft. Students will read and interpret trial records, diaries, sermons, and modern popular and scholarly works. Geographically, material ranges from Salem, Massachusetts to Russia. Course designed as a Junior/Senior seminar for History Majors and R. C. students. Requirements: participation in weekly discussion sections, oral presentations, two short papers, and a longer research paper, which will be reviewed in draft form. Cost:4 WL:2 (Kivelson)

Section 009 Criminals and Deviants in England, 1500-1800. Every society stigmatizes people who violate its prevailing norms of conduct, but the types of offenders and the offenses of which they are accused vary greatly between cultures and over time. This class will examine the prosecution of crime and the treatment of some other kinds of proscribed behaviors during a period of dynamic change in England. It will focus mainly on the rich literature about the criminal justice system and its social significance, but it will also consider shifting responses to mental illness and sexual offenses. Students will be asked to participate in weekly discussions of the class readings and to write a term paper analyzing the history a particular type of crime or deviance. (MacDonald)

423. Social History of Europe in the 19th Century. (3). (SS).

A comparative treatment of the major changes in European society from the French revolution to the 1920's, the course treats such topics as the family and the roles of women, the composition and activities of the different social classes, changes in popular and formal culture, the effects of industrialization and urbanization, the development of such new institutions as the newspaper and public schools, and the changing structure of the role of government. Lectures and some common readings provide a basis for class discussion, in addition students write three essays on topics of their choosing (a wide range of suggested topics and and readings is provided); there will be a take-home final examination. Thus students are encouraged to build upon their own interests and background toward the common concerns of the course. Although there are no formal prerequisites, students taking the course should generally have done some college work in one of the following areas: European history, the social sciences, the literature or art of the nineteenth century. (Grew).

433. Imperial Russia. (4). (SS).

A history of Russia from Peter the Great to 1917, with emphasis on society transformations and continuities in elite and popular cultures, autocratic and opposition politics, economic and social structures. Lectures and discussion section. Students will read and interpret political documents and fiction, in addition to secondary works. Requirements: participation in discussion sections, one short essay, midterm exam, final exam. Optional: a second longer paper. (Kivelson)

444. Inner Asia, Russia, and China. One course in Russian, Chinese or Near Eastern history, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

A survey of Inner Asian history and its connections with the wider world. Inner Asian affairs have impinged and imposed upon the histories of the Near East, East Asia, and Russia. Besides the present importance of this vast area, the past importance of nomads in the history of Eurasia justifies a course offering, especially one which focuses on the history of nomadism from the nomad's point of view. Among the topics to be covered are: the rise of nomadism and the nature of nomadic politics; the great nomadic enterprises: Scythians, Hsuing-Nu, Huns, Turks, and Mongols; the conflict of religions in inner Asia; the spread of Tibetan Buddhism and the decline of nomadism; the expansion of the Russian and Ching empires; the "Great Game" and the erection of buffer states in Asia; the communist impact on Inner Asia; the Sino-Soviet dispute and the modern history of Mongolia.

451. Japan Since 1800. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to convey an understanding of the history of modern Japan. That aim will be pursued through lectures, readings, discussions, and written exercises. The lectures (supplemented with slides) will attempt (1) to analyze the major developments in her modern evolution; (2) to explain the rise and fall of Japan's empire; and (3) to identify the reasons for her emergence as a major world power today. There is a midterm and a final examination plus two short writing assignments. Text for the course is W.G. Beasly, The Rise of Modern Japan (St. Martin's Press, 1990). Other reading assignments will be organized in a course pack. Cost:3 WL:1 (Hackett)

459. Gender, Medicine, and Culture in U.S. History. (3). (Excl).

The cultural history of gender and sex both affects and reflects changes in medicine, biology, and health. We will examine three aspects of that relationship (1) differences in men's and women's health, illnesses, and medical treatment, (2) differences in women's and men's experiences as health care workers, (3) medical and cultural forces that shaped social and scientific concepts of gender and sexual difference. Readings, lectures, and discussions will examine these questions in four different periods of U.S. history since the 1600s, emphasizing the past two centuries, with comparisons to other cultures. No background in history, gender studies, or medicine is required, though prior course work in at least one such area will be helpful. Students choose either a midterm and final essay exams, or three 7-page papers. Several short quizzes are also required. Those who miss the first meeting without advance permission will be dropped from the course. Cost:l-5. Required purchases cost about $15, but additional required assignments available on reserve or for optional purchase, cost up to $125 if purchased. WL:4 (Pernick)

460. American Colonial History to 1776. (3). (SS).

A different course every term it is taught, in general "Colonial America" focuses on the people of the time, often encountered speaking in their own voices, and on their broad cultural characteristics and problems as the nation moved toward the Revolution. This instance, we will focus primarily on Puritans, in England and in New England, and on Puritanism's consequences for the American tradition. Few lectures; mostly discussion. An exam, two quizzes and a paper are the usual assignment. Standards are high, and it is not unusual to find that students are asked to re-write papers which are not clear (with a 1/3 grade penalty). So, lucid, precise, well-organized writing and skills in the use of evidence is, if not a prerequisite, something we hope to achieve. Cost:2 WL:1 (Juster)

461. The American Revolution. (3). (SS).

This course varies from term to term, but Fall 1993 it will focus on the period 1750-1800 in U.S. history, considering both the set of events known as the American Revolution and how American society changed in the latter half of the 18th century. Heavy reading, an hour exam and a 2-hour final, plus a term paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Shy)

466. The United States, 1901-1933. (4). (SS).

The course is concerned with the progressive era, the era of World War I, the 1920's, and the Great Depression. The emphasis is on political history and foreign relations, but considerable attention is given to social, cultural, and economic factors and to the position of minority groups and women in American society. There is no textbook for the course, but several paperbacks are assigned. Course requirements include a midterm, a final examination, and a paper. History 466 is a lecture course. Please note that discussion sections have been added. Undergraduates electing this course must register for section 001 and one discussion section. Cost:3 WL:1 and 3 (S.Fine)

476. Latin America: The Colonial Period. (3). (SS).

This course will examine the colonial period in Latin American history from the initial Spanish and Portuguese contact and conquest to the nineteenth-century wars of independence. It will focus on the process of interaction between Indians and Europeans, tracing the evolution of a range of colonial societies in the New World. Thus we will examine the indigenous background to conquest as well as the nature of the settler community. We will also look at the shifting uses of land and labor, and at the importance of class, race, gender, and ethnicity. The method of instruction is lecture and discussion. Each student will write a short critical review and a final paper of approximately 10 to 12 pages. There will be a midterm and a final. Readings will include works by Inga Clendinnen, Nancy Farris, Karen Spalding and Charles Gibson, as well as primary materials from Aztec and Spanish sources. The text will be Burkholder and Johnson, COLONIAL LATIN AMERICA. (Scott)

516. History of Ireland to 1603. (3). (HU).

This is a survey of political, social, and cultural history of Ireland from the earliest times to the destruction and close of the Gaelic order at the beginning of the seventeenth century. The course is conducted mainly by lecture in which, complementing the treatment accorded in textbooks, we will endeavor to realize the historical reality of a millenium of Irish Gaelic history, in itself and in relation to the rest of the medieval world. Two relatively brief papers and one extended one, two hour exams, and a final examination. There is no prerequisite for this course, only a willing and competent zeal for learning of a culture much more diverse from contemporary experience than you will readily imagine. Cost:3 WL:1 (McNamara)

530. History of the Balkans from the Sixth Century to 1800. (3). (Excl).

A general survey of the Balkans (including Medieval Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia and the relations of these states with Byzantium and Hungary) from the arrival of the Slavs in the 6th and 7th century through the Turkish period. The reading list consists of monographs, articles, and a few translated sources. The reading list can be altered (with permission of the instructor) and to accommodate special interests. There will be an hour exam, a paper (topic to be chosen by student with permission of the instructor) of about 15 pages and a final exam. Students who prefer to write a major paper (ca. 25 pages) can skip the hour exam. (J.Fine)

535/Armenian Studies 535. Armenia and the Armenians in the 20th Century. History 287 recommended but not required. (3). (Excl).

This course investigates the modern history of the Armenian people, both in historical Armenia and in the diaspora. It begins with the revival of Armenian culture and the national movement of the late 18th century, proceeds through the years of political formation and the rise of Armenian nationalism, to the 20th-Century genocide, the establishment of Soviet Armenia, to the current crisis over the future of the Soviet Union. The course will be of interest to people in Middle East studies, Soviet studies, as well as those interested in Armenian history specifically. The course is based on lectures, discussions, and readings. One research paper is required as well as an oral examination at the end of the term. Cost:2 WL:1 (Suny)

558. U.S. Diplomacy to 1914. (3). (Excl).

This course examines American foreign policy from the Revolution to the outbreak of World War I. Special attention is given to the origin of American diplomatic principles, the diplomacy of the American Revolution, the coming of the War of 1812, the conquest of North America, the War with Spain and the imperialist surge of 1898, and, finally, the incomplete American adjustment to its position as a new world power. Hour exam, term paper, final. Cost:1 WL:4 (Perkins)

563. Intellectual History of the United States Since 1865. (3). (Excl).

This course explores the intellectual discourse of Americans from around 1865 until the near present. Its focus will be on ideas about human nature, morality, society, government, race, gender, and art. Students wishing further information should communicate with Professor Richard Cándida Smith at the History Department in September. (Smith)

578/Latin American and Caribbean Studies 400/CAAS 478. Ethnicity and Culture in Latin America. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of six credits.
Section 001 Latin American Cinema, History and Society.
For Fall Term, 1993, this course is jointly offered with Film-Video 455.001. (Hurtado)

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