ROMANCE LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

French, Italian, and Spanish Placement Tests

If you are planning to take an elementary French, Italian, or Spanish class and you are a new student, freshman or transfer student, or you have not yet begun the elementary language sequence on the Ann Arbor campus, you must take the placement test in order to register for the correct course.

If you have registered for a class prior to taking the test, you will still be required to take the test in order to verify that you are in the appropriate level class.

If you have already taken French, Italian, or Spanish 101-232 on the Ann Arbor campus, or if you have already taken the placement test once, you are not eligible to take the test again. For questions regarding the LS&A language requirement, please see a general academic advisor or call POINT-10 (764-6810).

Please Note: With the reduction in the number of classrooms throughout LS&A, departments must limit the number of classes offered between 10 am and 4 pm. there will be more classes open before 10 am and after 4 pm. Please take advantage of the opportunity to register for these classes and avoid the "Lottery" (see 2b below).

Instructions for students requesting overrides for
French or Spanish 101, 103, 231, or 232.

1. Try to find a section that will fit into your schedule, since the Department cannot guarantee every student a space in a section of his/her own choice.

However, do not register for a class that you cannot attend. You will not be eligible to override into the section of your choice if you are registered for any section of 101-232, even if you cannot attend that section.

2. As it states in the Time Schedule any registered student who misses one of the first four class meetings will be dropped from the course, thereby leaving some open spaces for those students who have been closed out.

If there is absolutely no section open which will fit your schedule, you should follow this procedure:

(a) Start attending the section you would like to get into on the first day of class. You will receive a Proof of Attendance form which must be signed by your instructor every day. You must attend a class every day, but it does not need to be the same section. All students must take action at CRISP to make sure their official schedule of courses matches the courses they are taking.

(b) On Wednesday, September 16 at 7:00 p.m., there will be a meeting in the basement of the MLB, rooms to be announced later, for each of the above courses. At these meeting, students will be assigned to remaining vacated spaces in the most fair and equitable manner possible, using a lottery system. At no time, however, will any class be allowed to exceed 25 students. Students must bring their CRISP Official Printout of Classes and the Proof of Attendance form to the meeting!

3. Please note that you will not be allowed to change sections at the French meetings. Beginning Thursday, September 16, Elementary French Language Supervisors will hear requests for section changes and fill those requests to whatever degree is possible.

4. Please ensure when adding with the override that you also add modifiers for pass/fail, etc.

Students who intend to continue a language begun in high school must take a placement test to determine the course level at which they will start their college language instruction. Students who began French at another college or university also take the placement test.

Courses in French (Division 371)

101. Elementary French. Credit is not granted for more than two courses from French 101, 102, and 103. (4). (LR).

Students with any prior study of French must take the Placement Test. The sequence of French 101/102 presents the essential elements of French grammar, vocabulary, and culture which are needed in everyday life to understand French spoken at a moderate speed and to be understood by sympathetic native speakers. Vocabulary and structures are practiced in class primarily through communicative activities stressing listening and speaking. Authentic documents are used to develop reading skills and culture. Cultural awareness and listening skills are further developed through listening and video materials. Classes meet four hours per week in sections of 20-25 students. Daily homework assignments involve studying vocabulary and grammar, writing exercises or short compositions, and practice in listening comprehension. There are several quizzes and tests, as well as midterm and final examinations and speaking tests. Class participation is graded. Students with any prior study of French should NOT enroll in sections. (Sections: 007 - 008 are reserved for students who have never studied French) Cost:3

102. Elementary French, Continued. French 101 or equivalent. French 102 may be followed by 231. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103. French 102 is NOT open to students who have begun instruction at the high school level. College or university transfer students who have received credit for one term are encouraged to enroll in French 103. (4). (LR).

See French 101. It is Strongly suggested that transfer students see H.Neu for advice regarding placement in the appropriate course. Cost:1, Same texts as 101. WL:See statement above. (Neu)

103. Review of Elementary French. Assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 102. (4). (LR).

French 103 is a course for students with some prior language study in French, and covers the same material presented in French 101/102. Entrance into the course is by placement, or with the permission of the course coordinator. Because students are expected to be already familiar with some of the material, the course moves at a rapid pace, and students will need to plan on spending at least 8-10 hours each week preparing daily lessons. The objectives and methods of instruction are similar to those of French 101/102. Frequent quizzes (with both oral and written components) are administered to check students' assimilation of material. There are two hourly exams, a final and speaking tests. By the end of the course, students will have a good working vocabulary and strong listening comprehension skills; they should be able to express themselves in French (both in writing and orally) using most of the basic structural patterns in the language.

231. Second-Year French. French 102, or 103, or equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

Students whose last French course was NOT at U of M Ann Arbor must take the placement test. The sequence French 231/232 are the third and fourth terms of language study offered. It presents a comprehensive grammar review, study of finer points of French structure, and the reading of journalistic prose, short stories, and literary excerpts. Both courses include the use of French movies and video. The proficiency gained by the end of French 232 should enable students to express themselves in French on topics of interest, to understand conversations on such topics. Classes meet four times per week in sections of 20-25 students. Since communicative skills are emphasized daily, regular attendance and active participation are essential. Homework consists of grammar study, written exercises, and laboratory work both audio and video. There are comprehensive coursewide tests as well as the midterm and final examinations. Cost:3 WL:See statement above (Mellor).

232. Second-Year French, Continued. French 231 or equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

In French 232, students will continue learning and reviewing vocabulary and grammar from the second half of the book Ensuite. There will be short weekly readings (advertisements, literary, excerpts, and short stories) and by the middle of the term, students will begin reading a full-length French novel!! (They will read the majority of the novel on their own and take a reading comprehension test at the end of the term). Throughout the term, students will listen to French songs, see several videos (from French television) as well as two French movies. Classes meet four times per week in sections of 20-25 students. Since communicative skills are emphasized, daily, regular attendance and active participation are essential. In addition to the outside reading test, there will be 3 course wide tests, a midterm, and a final examination. (Mellor)

Special Elementary Reading Courses

French 111 and 112 are designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students interested in gaining a reading knowledge of the language. Completion of these courses does not satisfy the LS&A language requirement.

111. First Special Reading Course. No prerequisite; may not be elected for credit by undergraduates who have received credit for college French. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, or 103. (4). (Excl).

This course is for undergraduate and graduate students who wish to gain a good reading knowledge of French in one term. The essentials of French grammar as well as vocabulary and idioms are presented for recognition, followed by extensive translation and sight-reading exercises on materials taken from both humanities and sciences. The skills gained in the course should enable students to read technical writings of moderate difficulty. Toward the end of the term students select an article or a chapter of a book in their field of interest for outside reading. Classes meet four times per week in sections of 20-25 students. There are weekly quizzes as well as course-wide midterm and final examinations. Cost:2 WL:4

Other Language Courses

306. Practical French. French 232 or equivalent. French 306 may be elected prior to French 305. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

French 306 is a minicourse for students who would like to keep up with their French in an informal atmosphere. It is organized like French 206, but more advanced cultural and intellectual readings, as well as audio, written or video materials, provide topics of conversation. The amount of homework is minimal. Classes meet twice a week in sections of 18-24 students. There are no examinations, but homework, attendance, and participation in classroom activities determine the Credit/No Credit grades. Cost:1 WL:4 (Hagiwara)

361. Intermediate French. French 232 or equivalent. (3; 2-4 in half-term). (Excl).
Section 001: De Marianne à Arianne.
The course is designed to help you expand your knowledge of some aspects of contemporary France, and see how traditions and contemporary concerns intermingle in France on the eve of the 21st century. Lectures will deal with topics ranging from education, history and geography, to integral parts of everyday life such as family, cafes and leisure. These topics will be used as the basis for discussion and writing in the sections for which students will be asked to read articles and work with videos. The final grade will take into account your active participation, bimonthly papers, in-class exams, oral presentations and final. (Belloni)

362. Advanced French. French 361 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

French 362 is neither a literature nor a grammar class. It is designed as a bridge between the highly structured activities of language courses and the more independent work required in literature and civilization courses. French 362 has two main objectives: 1) to help students improve their written and oral fluency; 2) to familiarize students with the linguistic and analytic tools necessary to approach a document, whether a literary text, a newspaper article, or a video document. Used as the basis of round-table discussions and written exercises, these documents will help students increase their ability to write and converse fluently on different themes presented in class. Active classroom participation is essential, and is part of the final grade. All classes are taught in French. Bi-monthly essays, 2 in-class exams, one final examination. WL:4 (Belloni)

370/RC Core 370. Advanced Proficiency in French. RC Core 320, or French 362, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See RC Core 370. (Carduner)

371. Writing French. French 361. (3). (Excl).

The main objective of the course is to develop the skills necessary to writing correct, fluent French. In order to achieve it we will work on three levels: (a) development and reinforcement of correct grammar through presentation of specific syntactic problems, practice exercises, and individual diagnosis of students' writing; (b) development of vocabulary (elimination of faux-amis, finding LE MOT JUSTE); (c) development of quality in composition from imitation to creation (learning how to organize an essay and how to write in tight, sparse prose). Students are expected to write frequent essays. In the second half of the term, each student will work on his/her own short story, with the help of his/her own partners. Final course grade will reflect the students' progress and participation in class. This course is elected primarily but not exclusively by students concentrating in French. Cost:2 WL:3 (Belloni)

426/Rom. Ling. 453. French Phonology and Morphology. French 361 or 362 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course will present the basics of French phonology and phonetics and a review of French pronunciation and vocabulary. We first compare written and spoken French in order to analyze the numerous gaps between the two, which cause learning problems for many speakers of American English. We then study prosodic features such as stress, syllabic structure, and intonation, and proceed to compare French and English vowels and consonants to see how they are organized into their respective phonological systems. We will also examine briefly some of the salient features of very colloquial French and of a few dialects (e.g., French spoken in the south of France and Canada). Under morphology, we will study the evolution of the French language in terms of sound changes that help explain the seeming "irregularities" of Modern French as well as derivation of words. The course will be conducted in French, and the classroom work will consist of lectures, discussions and TRAVAUX PRATIQUES, which emphasize practical work with the language. The course grade will be based on three take-home examinations and the TRAVAUX PRATIQUE, some of which must be submitted. Cost:2 WL:4 (Hagiwara)

381(386). Themes in French Literature and Culture. French 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001: Textes et cultures francophones.
It's often forgotten that French is spoken throughout the world by people of many diverse cultures and in different political situations. This course is an opportunity to explore the cultural diversity of the people in the contemporary world who use French either as their common language or as a cultural vehicle. We will read together a number of short texts in French and some longer ones in English translation. Not all the texts will be literary, and some will be films. Writing will often consist of imitative texts designed to encourage cultural empathy and imagination. Midterm by interview with instructor; final by writing exercise and interview. Cost:3 WL:4 (Chambers)

384. Origins of Contemporary France: From the Gauls to de Gaulle. French 361. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Section 001: Une Histoire de la France.
Choix de quelques grandes périodes, grands tourants ou grands bouleversements dits historiques dans l'itinéraire-type suivant: de Versailles à l'Elysée par la Révolution, Austerlitz et Waterloo, Alger, Strasbourg et la Pyramide de Louvre. Aussi, la situation politique et sociale de la France d'aujourd'hui, membre de l'Europe des Douze, au soir de XXème siècle, sera étudiée. Cours enseigné en français. Participation active et réaction critique attendues. Travaux de groupes. Quatre devoirs de 4 à 6 pages chacun. No final. No auditors. (Gabrielli)

387/388/389 INTRODUCTION TO FRENCH LITERATURE. The objective of this series of courses is to acquaint students with significant literary works and literary theories drawn from the entire range of French literature. Each work is analyzed (in French) individually for its own merit and is then placed within the context of its period. Students are asked to read carefully the assigned works, to reflect on them, and to express their reactions and ideas in class. The instructor holds class discussions, points out the artistic values of the work, and attempts in many cases to show the evolution of literature as it reflects various external factors. Grades may be based on on discussions, papers, and a midterm and/or final examination.

387. Introduction to French Literature (1600 to 1800). French 232. (3). (HU).

We shall read two plays by Corneille, two plays by Racine, and one comedy by Molière (the latter coming first, followed by Racine and then by Corneille, this sequence being dictated by the desire to tackle easier texts first). The Enlightenment will be represented by Montesquieu's Lettres persanes and Voltaire's Candide. We will situate these texts in the philosophical, political and historical contexts which help understand them. Specifically, we shall see how Seventeenth century theatre reflects (or translates? perhaps questions?) the values of a society oriented toward the acquisition of wealth and the desire to see the power of the state take the form of "absolute monarchy," whereas the two texts of the Eighteenth Century will be seen in the light of Locke's empiricism and of the critique of institutions which will lead to the French Revolution. Two films Louis the XIVth Rise to Power and the U-M performance of L'Avare) will be used as a complement to the lectures and class discussion. Recent experience having taught me that students are poorly equipped when it comes to reading texts in French, let alone when it comes to self-expression, I will devote some time to problems of vocabulary and grammar. Please note that all students will be expected to write their papers in French. There will be three papers (two short ones: 3-4 pages, plus the term paper of 6-8 pages) a mid-term and a final examination. You should feel free to contact me for any questions: 662-6650. WL:4 (Muller)

388. Introduction to French Literature (1800 to 1900). French 232. (3). (HU).
Section 001.
This course will focus on five of the most important writers of 19th century French literature, namely Balzac, Flaubert, Baudelaire, Zola and Maupassant. Emphasis will be placed on the literary aspects of the works read as well as the historical, political and artistic context of the day. A typical assignment will consist of reading some twenty pages of a given work and preparing to discuss them in class. Students will write four papers in French (three or four pages in length). Each paper will be corrected for grammar, choice of expression and content. The course grade will be based on the results of written work and on classroom participation. Regular attendance is required. There is no final examination. The course is conducted in French. Cost:2 WL:4 (Gray)

391. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

This course is conducted as a tutorial for qualified juniors intending to continue with Honors work in French but not participating in a junior-year-in-France program. Subjects and approaches are selected to fit the needs of individual students.

450. Independent Studies. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

The work to be done should not be the same as that offered in a regular course. A written description of the project together with an appropriate bibliography must be submitted for initial approval to the proposed instructor of the course and then to the concentration adviser for final approval prior to the beginning of the term during which the independent study is to be undertaken.

457. Introduction to Twentieth-Century French Literature. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).
Section 001.
Le cours porte essentiellement sur la generation née vers 1870, et dont les annees de maturite se situent donc le premier tiers du vingtieme siecle. Les ecrivains choisis pour representer cette generation sont: Marcel Proust, Andre Gide, Colette et Paul Valery. Afin de situer ces ecrivains qui (a l'exception de Coletter sans doute peuvent etre definis comme heritiers du symbolisme et par consequent foncierement hostiles aux preceptes du naturalisme, nous lirons d-abord de longs extraits de Nana, a la lumiere desquels nous pourrons rappeler ce que Zola a represente entre 1880 et 1890. Nous etudierons aussi l'oeuvre poetique de Guillaume Apollinaire (1881-1918), plus jeune seulement de dix annees, mais dont l'esthetique marque une nette rupture avec les valeurs du dix-neuvieme siecle. Les devoirs (au nombre de trois) seront rediges an francais par les etudiants qui se specialisent dans cette langue. WL:4 (Muller)

460. Topics and Themes in French Literature. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001: The Medieval Storyteller.
An introduction to the craft of the medieval storyteller, studied in the body of stories, myths and legends circulated in 12th and 13th century France. We will be concerned both with the perennial themes of tales (sexuality, religion, death, transgression) and with how each telling of a tale reveals a specific cultural and historical moment. We will read a collection of medieval French short fiction, in modern translation, including LAIS, FABLIAUX, exemplary stories, and selections from Marguerite de Navarre's HEPTAMERON. There will also be some reserve reading (historical and psychological background). Required work: active participation in class discussions, mid-term exam, two 5-page analyses of single stories, and a 10-page final paper and oral presentation. This course can be used to satisfy the Junior-Senior writing requirement. Cost:2 WL:4 (Graham)

482. Problèmes de l'analyse textuelle. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Since the course is taught in French, a reasonable level of oral and written French is expected. During the term we learn how to read, analyze and understand a variety of French literary texts drawn from all periods (from Middle Ages to the XXth century) and from all literary genres (poetry, theatre, novels, short stories). We examine style, structure, literary and philosophical significance. All critical methods are accepted as long as they are in-depth studies leading to a valid and possibly original assessment of the texts assigned. The final grade is based on class performance, preparation of texts assigned and no less than 5 papers (2 to 4 pages in length) during the term and one more extensive final paper (6-10 pages) due early December. No final examination is planned. (Mermier)

Courses in Italian (Division 399)

101. Elementary Italian. (4). (LR).

This course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Italian grammar with parallel emphasis on conversation. Text, workbook and lab manual required; Italian 101 covers the first half of the text. Course topics include (1) fundamental sentence structure, (2) verb conjugations, (3) adjectives, adverbs, and sentence agreement, and (4) nouns, pronouns, and conjunctive pronouns and their position. Methods of instruction include (1) grammar drill, (2) conversation exercises, (3) translation both oral and written, and (4) weekly quizzes. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, midterm, and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:1 (Habekovic)

102. Elementary Italian. Italian 101 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Italian language and attempts to broaden the student's knowledge of Italian life and culture. Conversation in the language is also emphasized. The course covers the second half of the text with workbook and lab manual; readings supplements this set of texts. Course topics include a continuation of Italian grammar; use of idiomatic expression; the culture, geography, and everyday life of Italy; and conversation topics that encourage discussion. A variety of instructional methods are used: grammar presentation and exercises, readings in Italian (dialogues, short articles, Italian newspapers, and magazines), original writing and oral discussion. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, midterm, and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:1 (Habekovic)

111. First Special Reading Course. (4). (Excl).

Italian 111 and 112 are designed for students interested mainly in the acquisition of a thorough reading knowledge of the language. All of the basic grammar of the language is covered and reading of both fictional and critical materials is required. Open to graduates, undergraduates and to others by special permission. For graduate students, a grade of 8 or better in Italian 112 satisfies the basic reading knowledge requirements for the doctorate. Italian 111 and 112 may not be used to satisfy the LS&A language requirement. WL:4

205. Italian Conversation for Non-concentrators. Italian 102 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

Italian 205 emphasizes fluency and self-expression in conversational Italian. This course is for students who have had at least two (2) terms of Italian and are interested in acquiring a certain facility with the spoken language. Class work consists of reading materials from various sources which will be discussed in class. Class will meet twice a week. There are no examinations, and the grading is on a credit basis only. Success in the course is determined on the basis of attendance, homework and participation in classroom activities. (Olken)

231. Second-Year Italian. Italian 102 or equivalent; or permission of course supervisor. No credit granted to those who have completed 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

This course reviews grammar, introduces students to standard modern Italian through the reading of short stories, plays and poetry, and increases student facility in writing and speaking Italian. Compositions are required and are based upon reading or other topics of interest. Class discussions and oral reports center on readings or current events. Grading is based on class participation, compositions, quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. Cost:2 (Habekovic)

232. Second-Year Italian, Continued. Italian 231 or permission of course supervisor. No credit granted to those who have completed 112. (4). (LR).

This course aims at a further development of each student's reading and speaking knowledge of Italian, including increased facility in both conversation and oral comprehension. There is a continuing review of grammar, and the elements of composition. Various genres of literature are read and discussed, and occasional short papers are required on these or other related topics. Oral reports on various topics are also required. Grading is based on short papers, class participation, quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:4 (Habekovic)

Other Language and Literature Courses

359. Italian Culture and History to the Eighteenth Century. (3). (HU).

The course, which will be taught in English, aims (1) to familiarize students with the major texts of the Italian Medieval and Renaissance worlds; (2) to introduce students to the historical and cultural changes of the period; and (3) to understand the shift from Medieval to Renaissance culture. Texts to be read include:selections from Vittoria Colonna, Gaspara Stampa, Castigione, and Tasso, St. Francis, Provencal poetry, Sicilian poetry, Sweet New Style, Dante's VITA NUOVA and INFERNO, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Ficino, Alberti, Pico della Mirandola, Michelangelo. While not essential, a working knowledge of Italian is useful. Cost:3 WL:4 (Frisch)

361. Intermediate Italian. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

All the basic skills of the language will receive attention in this course, the primary goal of which is the improvement and refinement of oral, reading and writing proficiency. Review of difficult points of grammar will be taken up when necessary, but the major concentration will be on class discussion of reading materials ranging from newspaper and magazine articles, short fiction and poetry, novel to polemic essays on contemporary cultural, political and social topics. Short essays will be part of the regular assignments, as will occasional prepared oral presentations, and translations. The variety of the materials covered will be as broad as possible to introduce students to the several different writing styles and manner of presentation of the language. The course will be conducted in Italian and will meet three hours weekly. Cost:2 WL:1 (Habekovic)

387. Italian Renaissance Literature. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

In this course we will read and discuss selections from some of the great works of Italian Renaissance literature: Aristo's Orlando Furiso, Machiavelli's Prince, Castiglone's Book of the Courtier, Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered, and poems by Gaspara Stampa, Vittoria Colonna and Veronica Franco. We will discuss questions concerning the representation of sexual difference and the "debate on women," the relation between literary text and socio-political reality, and questions of Renaissance Italian culture more generally. Readings and discussion will be in English, though students competent in Italian will be encouraged to read works in the original language. Requirements: three 5-7 page papers and one in-class presentation. Cost:2 WL:1

419. Italo Calvino: A Writer for All Seasons. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (2). (HU).

From science fiction with an unexpected temporal twist to the contemporary conte philosophique, from starkly neo-realistic stories of Italian partisan activity during the Second World War to dizzying fantasy, from oblique treatment of pollution, building speculation, and election corruption to lyric dissection of the senses-there is hardly a modern motif or manner of moment that Calvino did not address in his elegant and inventive narratives and critical commentaries. Broadly European in attitude and outlook, his poetics consistently express the need to speak out as an ultra-modern who is nevertheless constantly aware of the historical imperatives in question as traditional cultures change and blend in the modern world. How Calvino sees that world and judges it will be treated through lectures and class discussion in a chronological study of his works. Readings in English or Italian. Short papers, individual projects, and a final examination. (Olken)

420. Topics and Themes in Modern Italian Literature. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (2-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Section 001-Italian Novels and Films.
This course will focus on the relation between literary and cinematic versions of three modern novels: Giovanni Verga's The House by the Medlar Tree (and Luchina Visconti's film La terra trema), Giuseppe Tomasi de Lampedusa's The Leopard (and Visconti's Il Gattopardo), Mario Puzo's The Godfather (and Fracis Ford Coppola's Godfather trilogy). In each case, the rapport between literature and film will be examined with an eye to the central area of representation in all three instances, which is to say to the image of Sicily in relation to Italy and eventually to the United States. There will be two short papers and a final exam. Class meetings will be conducted in English, with readings either in English or in Italian depending on the background of the students.

433/MARC 439. Dante in Translation. A knowledge of Italian is not required. Not open to Italian concentrators. (3). (HU).

In this course we will read extensive selections from Dante's Divine Comedy in translation, focusing above all on Inferno and Purgatory. We will pay close attnetion to the poem's complex patterns of meaning and symbolism, at the same time reading the poem in relation to the political and historical context in which it was written. Requiremtns: three 5-7 page papers and one in-class presentation. Cost:2 WL:1 (Moe)

468. Studies in Modern Italian Literature. Reading knowledge of Italian. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.
Section 001: The Short Story and Novella, 1880 1980.
A majority of major Italian writers during this 100-year period, from the immediate post-unification, exemplify their literary excellence and purvey their literary goals through their short narratives, as well as through their longer fiction. It is thus possible to examine and chart the phenomena of regionalism, memorialism, neo-realism, and other "isms", as well as socio-political aspirations and commitment through a chronological reading of selected short works. The syllabus will include stories by Giovanni Verga, Grazia Deledda, Luigi Pirandello, Alberto Moravia, Carlo Levi, Cesare Pavese, Natalia Ginzburg, Italo Calvino, Leonardo Sciascia, and others. Class discussion accompanied by lectures, short papers, individual projects, and exams. (Olken)

Courses in Portuguese (Division 452)

101. Elementary Portuguese. (4). (LR).

This course is designed to give students the ability to understand the Portuguese of everyday life when spoken at a moderate speed, to be understood in typical situations of everyday life, and to read non-technical Portuguese of moderate difficulty. Because of the nature of the materials and the nationality and training of the present staff, students will learn the variety of Portuguese spoken in Brazil by educated speakers. Classroom work involves gradual introduction of Portuguese structure through dialogues and communication exercises which stress listening and speaking. Homework consists of studying grammar, memorizing structures and verb forms and writing exercises. Grading will be based on six hourly quizzes (two partial exams), oral exercises, homework, class participation and attendance and a final exam. Portuguese 101 is offered only in the Fall Term. Cost:2 WL:4 (Viviani)

231. Second-Year Portuguese. Portuguese 102 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

Second year Portuguese is designed to develop and enhance the work done in Portuguese 101/102. (See description above). It aims at perfecting writing and speaking skills, and giving students a deeper understanding of the literature, history, and culture of the Portuguese-speaking world. Classroom work involves an intensive grammar review, the study of finer points of Portuguese grammar as made necessary from daily observation of students' writing and speaking performances, oral presentations and discussion of short stories and a novel. Homework involves studying grammar, preparing oral presentations, and writing guided essays. Grading is based on quizzes, oral presentations, essays, class participation and attendance, and a final exam. Portuguese 231 is only offered Fall Term. Cost:2 WL:4 (Viviani)

350. Independent Study. Portuguese 232 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course exists to enable students who have begun work on some author or topic to carry their study further under a professor's guidance. The work to be done should not be the same as that done in a regular course offering. A description of the project and the required exercises to be completed must be submitted to the concentration adviser no later than the second week of the term, for the approval of the Portuguese Undergraduate Curriculum Committee. (Proposal forms are available in the Department Office.) The Committee is to receive a copy of any lengthy paper submitted in the course.

450. Independent Study. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of six credits.

The work to be done should not be the same as that offered in a regular course. A written description of the project together with an appropriate bibliography must be submitted for initial approval to the proposed instructor of the course and then to the concentration adviser for final approval prior to the beginning of the term during which the independent study is to be undertaken.

Courses in Romance Linguistics (Division 460)

413/Spanish 413/Educ. D455. Teaching Spanish/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

See Spanish 413.

453/French 426. French Phonology and Morphology. French 361 and 362, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See French 426. (Hagiwara)

Courses in Spanish (Division 484)

Students who intend to continue a language begun in high school are given a placement test to determine the course level at which they will start their college language instruction. Students who began Spanish at another college or university must also take the placement test. See introductory paragraph at the beginning of Romance Languages.

101. Elementary Spanish. (4). (LR).

Spanish 101, an introductory course, has been designed to help students develop proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish at the beginning level. Furthermore, it intends to enhance a deeper understanding of the culture/Culture of Spanish-speaking peoples. Grade is based on several quizzes, in class oral work, written work, a Midterm and a Final exam, both of which assess the student's proficiency in all five skills. Cost:4 (Guzman)

102. Elementary Spanish, Continued. Spanish 101. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103. Spanish 102 is NOT open to students who have begun instruction at the high school level. College or university transfer students who have received credit for one term are encouraged to enroll in Spanish 103. (4). (LR).

A continuation of Spanish 101; composition and reading skills given more practice. Grade based ondepartmental exams, oral exams, quizzes, written assignments and daily oral work. Open only to students who have completed 101 at the University of Michigan. Cost: Same texts as 101. WL:4

CSP section available. See the Comprehensive Studies Program (CSP) section in this GUIDE.

103. Review of Elementary Spanish. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 102. (4). (LR).

A refresher course for students with two or three years of high school Spanish whose previous study did not occur within the preceding two years. Equivalent to 101 and 102 condensed into one term. It prepares students for Spanish 231. Transfer students should elect Spanish 103 if they have completed the equivalent of Spanish 101 elsewhere. Cost:2 WL:4

231. Second-Year Spanish. Spanish 102, or 103, or the equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

Spanish 231, a third-term course, has been designed to help students develop proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading and writing in Spanish at the intermediate level. Furthermore, it intends to enhance deeper understanding of the culture/Culture of Spanish-speaking peoples. Grade is based on several quizzes, a Midterm and a Final exam, which assess the student's proficiency in all five skills. (Hilberry)

232. Second-Year Spanish, Continued. Spanish 231 or the equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 112. (4). (LR).
Section 001.
This course is designed to develop fluency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing Spanish and to provide a deeper understanding of the literature, history, culture, outlooks, and habits of Spanish-speaking peoples. Course grade is based on exams, designed to assess ability to speak, understand, read and write Spanish, plus periodic written work (including compositions) and oral class participation. WL:4 (Milne)

Section 019. Spanish language will be used as a tool in studying the culture of selected Spanish speaking countries of southern South American. A variety of materials and approaches will be used. Differences and similarities with American culture will be explored. Active participation in class discussions is expected. Final grade will be based on class participation, quizzes, compositions, oral presentations, midterm and final exam. The goal of this course is to enhance the cultural understanding of this part of South America and to improve the use of Spanish language.

Section 020. This course is designed to develop fluency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing Spanish and to provide a deeper understanding of the literature, history, culture, outlooks, and habits of Spanish-speaking peoples. Course grade is based on exams, designed to assess ability to speak, understand, read and write Spanish, plus periodic written work (including compositions) and oral class participation. WL:4 (Guzman)

Section 021. Spanish 232, a fourth-term language/literature course, has been designed to help students develop proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish at the intermediate-advance level. It has been structured with the specific aim of giving students an overview of Hispanic art and literature. Grade is based on student presentations, class discussions, a Mid-term and a Final exam, which assess the student's proficiency in all five skills. (Hilberry)

Section 022. This course will present an overview of the history and cultural development of Mexico and Central America from the time of the Spanish conquests to the present. Working with the selected readings students will gain important insights into the historical processes leading up to the formation of the present day Mexican and Central American societies. The readings will include eye-witness accounts of the Spanish conquests from both the Spanish and Native American perspectives, selections treating the nature of the pre-Columbian American societies, and general readings treating the colonial period, the formation of the modern republics, and the arts, literatures, and political situations of the same. The course will also include in-class interviews with representatives of the Mexican and Central American cultures. (Milne)

Special Elementary Reading Courses

Spanish 111 and 112 are designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students interested in gaining a reading knowledge of the language.

111. First Special Reading Course. No prerequisite; may not be elected for credit by undergraduates who have already received credit for high school or college Spanish. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, or 103. (4). (Excl).

Spanish 111 and 112 are designed for students interested mainly in the acquisition of a reading knowledge of the language. They are open to graduates, juniors and seniors; and to others by special permission. For graduate students, a grade of B or better in Spanish 112 satisfies the basic reading knowledge requirement for credit by undergraduates who have already received credit for high school or college Spanish. Cost:1 WL:4 (Milne)

Other Language Courses

307/Amer. Cult. 307. Spanish for U.S. Latinos. Basic knowledge of Spanish language or permission of instructor.

See American Culture 307. (Aparicio)

358. Spanish Conversation for Non-Concentrators. Spanish 232 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Spanish 361 or 362. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3). (Excl).

Spanish 358 is a practical Spanish conversation course for non-concentrators interested in the Spanish language and in contemporary Hispanic culture. Texts include journalistic prose as well as journal formatted videos aimed at increasing students' knowledge of current affairs in Spain and Latin America. Audio tapes will be employed to improve pronunciation, vocabulary and listening skills. Class format includes group discussions, debates, oral presentations and role-playing. Attendance and participation will be mandatory and will constitute a large part of the course grade. Grades will also be determined by examination of students' listening and expressive skills. Finally, students will practice writing in various practical formats such as letters, book or movie reviews, etc. These written exercises will form the final component of the course grade. (Pollard)

361. Introductory Composition and Conversation. Spanish 232 or equivalent. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3; 2-4 in the half-term). (Excl).

Spanish 361 is intended to increase the accuracy of students' Spanish and to increase vocabulary and cultural knowledge through readings. The course is centered on a grammar-review text. Students do readings in Spanish, prepare translations and other exercises, and expand vocabulary. Time is allotted to class discussion of readings and especially to the treatment of recurrent problems of grammar. Classes are conducted exclusively in Spanish. The final grade is based on compositions, exams and participation in class discussions or presentations. (Pollard)

362. Introductory Composition and Conversation. Spanish 232 or equivalent. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3). (Excl).

Spanish 362 is intended to improve student's ability to read Spanish prose, as well as their skills in conversational and written Spanish. To this end, students will be presented with a variety of written, visual and audio materials designed to stimulate discussion, both written and oral. Compositions are assigned regularly and oral presentations by students required. Classes are conducted exclusively in Spanish. The final grade is based on compositions, exams and participation in class discussions or presentations. (Pollard)

411. Advanced Syntax. Spanish 361 and 362. (3). (Excl).

Advance analysis of various aspects of Spanish syntax: word order, morpheme order, sentence formation rules; some morphology; some dialectology; some history of the language. Research project, midterm and final exams are required. Prerequisite: Spanish 361 and 362. WL:3,4

413/Rom. Ling. 413/Educ. D455. Teaching Spanish/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

Analysis of basic learning problems such as ser/estar, gustar, por/para, pronoun system, tense system, preterite/ imperfect, subjunctive/indicative, etc. Analysis of teaching methodologies with demonstrations and training. Critical anaylsis of textbooks, dictionaries and other teaching/learning materials. Research project, mid-term and final exams required. WL:4

Literature

350. Independent Studies. Permission of concentration adviser. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit more than once with permission.

This course exists to enable students who have begun work on some author or topic to carry their study further under a professor's guidance. The work to be done should not be the same as that done in a regular course offering. A description of the project and the required exercises to be completed, as well as a list of pertinent bibliography must be submitted to the Concentration Advisor no later than the second week of the term, for the approval of the Spanish Undergraduate Curriculum Committee. (Proposal forms are available in the Department Office.) The Committee is to receive a copy of any lengthy paper submitted in the course.

371. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

A study of Spanish literature in the Medieval and Golden Age periods (1000-1700). Students will read several texts of Spanish literature including POEMA DE MIO CID, LA CELESTINA, EL ABENCERRAJE Y LA HERMOSA JARIFA, and LAZARILLO DE TORMES. The discussions will center around a broad cultural background including moral and political themes as well as formal aspects of the texts. There will be two short papers in Spanish on the texts, and one final exam consisting of essay questions on readings. Students will be evaluated on the basis of papers, exams and class discussion. Methods: lecture-discussion. WL:4 (Casa)

372. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

The late eighteenth-century and the 1930s mark the two extremes of the period represented in this survey of modern Spanish literature. The course will thus lay a good historical foundation for further Spanish courses and for comparisons to readings from other literatures. Essays, plays, poems and novels are analyzed as individual works for the beginning student, an effort is made to show how the works exemplify their cultural context ranging from the Enlightenment through Romanticism, Positivism, Generation of '98 to Symbolism. Representative authors who may be studied are Moratin, Larra, Bécquer, Galdós, Baroja, Unamuno and Lorca. The class format is basically recitation, but lecture and reports will also be used. Exercises consist of periodic tests, midterm and final paper, and final exam. The course is conducted in Spanish. (Hafter)

373. Topics in Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001-Spanish Metaliterature.
All literary texts refer to a greater or lesser extent, explicitly or implicity, to other literary texts; metaliterary texts do this most overtly and most self-consciously. In other words, they emphasize theri own literartiness, and can do this in a number of ways. For example, in a novel the narrator's voice can interrupt the flow of the narrative, reflect on the problems of narrating, or even describe the very process or narration. Or again, the main plot of a novel can be concerned with a novelist who is writing a novel. This course will focus on examples of Spanish metaliterature from all the genres (poems about writing poetry, plays about performing plays, etc.), and these texts will be drawn from all periods of Peninsular Spanish literature. Teaching, entirely conducted in Spanish, will be by lecture and class discussion. Evaluation will be by attendance and three medium-length papers. (Anderson)

Section 002. This class will introduce participants to the reading of literature in Spanish through exploration of the ways in which a selection of texts represent the centers and the edges of cultures. We will ultimately be concerned with imaginative fiction's powers to establish, fortify, and stretch the cultural boundaries between insider and outsider, between what is allowed and what is forbidden. This is a complicated problem, but despite (and perhaps because of its complication, it offers an appropriate point of entry into the pleasures and powers of imaginative reading and writing. Readings will provide a basic overview of literary forms (epic, lyric, essay, novel, short story); they will include the anonymous Poema del Cid and works by Almodóvar, Carpentier, García Lorca, Martín Gaite, and Rodoreda. Conducted in Spanish. Midterm and final papers, midterm and final exams, course journal and other short written assignments. Prerequisites: Spanish 361-362 or equivalent. Cost:3 WL:1 (Brown)

381. Introduction to Latin American Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

We will study the literature of the region from the wars of independence to the turn of the century, focusing on the evolving relationship between literature and society. Latin America's 19th century was a period in which the region and the new nations within it struggled to produce appropriate cultural images and political and social models to follow. Upon which of Latin America's many, and often antagonistic, cultural roots should the new Latin America be founded? What does modernity mean for Latin America? For its writers and intellectuals? What will the role of literature be in the new nations? How do these writiers imagine themselves and the diverse racial, ethnic, and gender groupings that make up their societies? Authors to be studied will include some, but not all, of the following: Bello, Echeverría, Marmól, Sarmiento, Isaacs, Avellaneda Hernández, Palma, Martí, Darío, and Rodo. The course will involve lecture and discussion and grades will be based upon class participation, periodic student journals and final papers. (Colas)

391. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

In Spanish 391, selected readings chosen from Spain and Spanish America are studied and analyzed through class work, conferences with a senior member of the faculty, written reports, and term papers. This course exists to enable students who have been admitted to the Honors Program to begin research supervised by a faculty sponsor. A description of the project and the required exercises to be completed, as well as a list of pertinent bibliography must be submitted to the Honors Advisor no later than the second week of the term, for the approval of the Spanish Honors Committee. The Committee is to receive a copy of any lengthy paper submitted in the course.

435. Independent Study. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 3 credits.

See Spanish 350.

437. Introduction to Literature Studies and Criticism. One 400-level Spanish course or permission of adviser. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The main goal of this course is to introduce the student to the fundamental principles of literary studies as a discipline. Literary studies, as any other discipline in the human sciences, can be seen as a series of knowledge-generating activities of theorizing or as a cluster of knowledge-problems and methods produced by these activities. Literary studies from other disciplines in the domain of the human sciences, is its focus on language, discourse and texts. Consequently, this course will emphasize critical thinking about texts by asking questions such as: What is literature? What is fiction? What are genres? What is explanantion? What is explication? What is interpretation? Do we obtain knowledge or understanding in our transactions with literature and literary texts? A secondary goal of the course is to have a clear understanding of the meaning "Romance Language/Spanish LAnguage and Literature" within the context of General Literary Studies and of current division of knowledge within colleges and universities in the US. (Colas)

456. Golden Age. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

El curso está orientado al análisis de ciertos textos fundamentales del Siglo de Oro espa ol: poesía de Garcilaso de la Vega, de Fray Luis de León, de San Juan de la Cruz, de Góngora y de Quevedo; teatro de Lope y Calderón; y prosa de ficcón como "El villano del Danubio" de Antonio de Guevara, Lazarillo de de Tormes, un Sue o de Quevedo, dos [Novelas ejemplares de Cervantes, y fragmentos de Juan de Zabaleta y de Gracián. Los textos se verán dentro de la perspectiva histórica de aquellos a os: tanto en las teorias poéticas y retórcas, como en el pensamiento, en la espiritualidad, en la política, y en las teorías de arte. El analice una obra de teatro o una novela. Análisis de un poema renacentista y de otro barroco, hecho en case. Y dos exámenes: a mitad de término y al final del curso. (Lopez-Gringera)

459. Don Quijote. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Don Quijote es la cumbre de la literatura espa ola y una de las más importantes de la literatura univerdal. En ella están presentes tanto los problemas e ideales de la época de su autor como los de todos los tiempos. La lectura del Quijote es un ejercicio de la más alta calidad, reconfortante al mismo tiempo que produce una exceptional emoción estética. El curso tiene como objeto que el estudiante haga una introducción a la obra que le permita disfrutar de los mundos ideologicos del Quijote y de la invención artística de Cervantes. El estudiante debe leer detenidamente la obra y hacer dos trabajo sobre un tema específico. (Casa)

463. Spanish Literature of the Eighteenth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-378 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Spain found itself in disarray and in evident decline in the late seventeenth century. She was drained of resources, population, and energy after the immense exertions in the Americas, and the European ears against Turk and Protestant. How, then, did this once great imperial power adjust to the rationalist challenges of the Enlightenment? Fortunately the century that boasted a genius like Goya produced first-class thinkers like the Benedictine P. Feijoo who, while perfectly orthodox, decried false miracles and urged the acceptance of experimental science. Neoclassical plays in a country whose great national theater did not observe the classical rules, Anacreontic and meditative poetry in an age not given to lyricism, the development of a prose style consonant with an expanded reading public, the rise of middle class all these are issues to be studied in the literature of the period. Term paper, hour and final examinations. Conducted in Spanish. (Hafter)

468(469). Spanish Theater of the Twentieth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388. (3). (Excl).

This upper level course seeks to introduce students in some detail to the work of some of Spain's foremost twentieth-century playwrights, such as Ramon del Valle-Inclan, Federico Garcia Lorca and Rafael Alberti. Several plays by each of the authors selected are studied in some depth. Students who have some knowledge of Spanish drama of other epochs (e.g., the Golden Age comedia) and/or of turn-of-the-century European drama (especially Symbolism) may have some small advantage, but the course is designed essentially to take students with no previous acquaintance through to a high level of familiarity by the end of the term. To this end the opening hours are devoted to establishing a historical, cultural and literary context in which the individual works may then be appreciated: contemporary European movements will be briefly considered as well as the general situation of the Spanish stage just before and during the period of activity of the chosen playwrights. However, the fundamental philosophy of the course is that there is no substitute for the close reading of individual texts, and the bulk of the term will be devoted to working through some seven or eight plays. They will be approached both as pieces of literature and as the bare bones of dramatic productions. Teaching is by a mixture of lecture, class discussion and some informal oral presentations. Evaluation is by attendance, class participation, and several medium-length papers. Cost:3 WL:4 (Anderson)

485. Case Studies in Peninsular Spanish and Latin American Literature. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent or permission of advisor. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

This course will explore alternative views of recording the past and will contrast Renaissance historiography with Amerindian codices and record keeping. The notion of colonial situation will be foregrounded in order to understand alternative world views in relation to power. (Mignolo)

Section 004. This course will provide critical and interdisciplinary perspective on the development of Latin American Cinema from the early sixties to the present. This history of Latin American cinema in the past forty years in intertwined with sociopolitical, cultural and literary transformations. The analysis will focus on the relationship between cinema and society, as shown in the various filmic styles that have evolved in each country. The course will cover the "New Latin American Cinema," the 'social documentary," the "cinema novo," the industries of Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil and the more recent productions in countries where cinematic production has recently flourished. We will analyze the impact of technology, culture, literature, international production, and political transformation on the films made in Latin America. We will look at all genres of films from documentaries and experiemtnal to musicals and epics. The course will discuss the films and their importance at their historical period, as well as their theoretical innovation. The course will have two one and a half hours of meeting time, plus two film presentations per week. Films and texts will be in translation (subtitled). Written assignments, midterm and a final exam required. (Hurtado)


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