Asian Languages and Cultures

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

230/Asian Studies 230/Phil. 230/Rel. 230. Introduction to Buddhism. (4). (HU).

Lecture and discussion of readings introducing the religious traditions that derive from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. The core of the course are two extensive units: "The Story of Buddhism as Legend and History," and "Questions and Meanings: Symbol, Doctrine, Ritual and Experience." The first of these units traces the history of Buddhist beliefs and practices from their origins in India to later developments in Tibet and East Asia. The second unit addresses issues of doctrine and philosophy (e.g., enlightenment and Nirvana), practice (e.g., meditation, ritual), and society (e.g., women and Buddhism, Buddhism and war). Additionally, the course explores the origins of Western notions about "Buddhism," and the connection between modern academic studies of Buddhism and traditional Buddhist scholarship. No previous background is required. Grade will be based on two take-home examinations and a final. (Gómez)

405. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the students' primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). The course offers explanations and exercises in the phonology of literary Tibetan ("Lhasa Dialect"), nominal derivation, syntax of the nominal particles, verbal conjugation and suffixes, and the standard script (dbu-can ). Exercises and readings in the first semester will be from Hahn, Ikeda, and Jaschke. In the second semester all reading exercises will be taken directly from classical sources (primarily from the works of Bu-ston, Taranatha, and Kamalasila). (Lopez)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101. Beginning Chinese. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($10) required.

Chinese 101 is an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading and writing Chinese. The student is expected to achieve control of the sound system, basic sentence patterns and basic vocabulary of Standard Mandarin Chinese. Starting the 5th week, we will learn to read and write the characters. In Chinese 101, the major emphasis is on speaking and aural comprehension. We recommend that students listen to the tapes one hour per day. This is a five-credit-hour course. We meet one hour each day. Tuesdays and Thursdays are lectures; Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays are recitations. Students are required to register for both a lecture section and a recitation section. Attendance is taken everyday and no audits are allowed. Textbooks: (a) John DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese (Yale Univ. Press) (b) John DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese Reader, Part I and II (Yale Univ. Press). Materials covered (Fall Term): Beginning Chinese, Lessons 1-13. Beginning Chinese Reader, Lessons 1-12. Cost:2 WL:1 (Tao)

201. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' Beginning Chinese or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 900 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom attendance, and weekly quizzes or tests. The texts are Intermediate Reader of Modern Chinese (Princeton University Press, 1992). Students who are native or near-native Mandarin Chinese speakers are not eligible for this course. They should enroll in Chinese 302 (Reading and Writing Chinese) which covers all of the material presented in Chinese 201 / 202 and is offered in the Winter term. No visitors are allowed. Cost:3 WL:1 (Liang)

225. Calligraphy. Chinese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.

Students will learn the art of Chinese Calligraphy, at beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels. Chinese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

250. Topics in Chinese Civilization. No knowledge of Chinese required. (1-3). (Excl).

This semester this course will present an introduction to late imperial China through the acclaimed translation by David Hawkes and John Minford of its most famous and complex novel, The Story of the Stone (5 volumes, Penguin, 1977-86). The Story of the Stone is simultaneously a tragic love story and the chronicle of the decline of an enormous aristocratic household. With its reputation as a "veritable encyclopedia of traditional Chinese life," it provides an excellent window on a vanished society. This fictional portrait of eighteenth-century China will be supplemented by readings in Naquin and Rawski, Chinese Society in the Eighteenth Century (1987) and a variety of visual materials shown in class. Requirements will include two short papers, a take home midterm, a final exam, and active class participation. Cost:2 WL:1 (Rolston)

301. Reading and Writing Chinese. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chinese 101, 102, or 361. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with native or near-native speaking ability in Chinese, but little or no reading and writing ability. Chinese 301 meets four hours per week; it focuses on reading and writing Chinese and will cover the regular 101-102 reading materials. Students will be graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, daily quizzes, periodic tests, and homework assignments. The basic text is Beginning Chinese Reader by John DeFrancis. Cost:1 WL:1

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of four credits.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Mandarin Chinese (UM courses Chinese 101 through 202, or equivalent courses at another institution). The purpose of Chinese 378 is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first- and second-year Chinese by providing two hours a week for students to talk, talk, and talk. This is accomplished through presentation of brief speeches and discussions on topics selected by the class. The role of the instructor, who serves as a coordinator for the class, is not to teach students how to speak Chinese, but to encourage and coach them in speaking Chinese. Vocabulary lists will be provided before and after each discussion session. The grade will be determined by students' attendance, participation in discussion, oral presentations, and vocabulary quizzes. This course is not for native speakers, auditors, or sit-ins. One will not achieve much in this course if he/she tends to habitually cut class, or is a bored listener or a passive talker. Cost:1 WL:1 (Liang)

431. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 406 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 431-432, Contemporary Social Science Texts, is a two-term advanced Chinese language course sequence focusing on Chinese politics, economy, diplomacy, and culture. It is intended for students who have an interest in the social sciences as they apply to China, and who have successfully completed Chinese 405-406 (Third-Year Chinese) or the equivalent. Though reading skills are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields. (Qian)

461. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 406 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Graded readings at an advanced level deal with a variety of materials to improve command of structure and vocabulary in a range of standard colloquial styles. Primary emphasis is on reading and understanding and increasing reading speed, but development of speaking and writing skills also stressed. Weekly assignments (compositions in Chinese and translations into English) are required. This course is the first half of a two-term sequence. (Qian)

468/Phil. 468. Classical Chinese Thought (To A.D. 220). Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Philosophy 468 focuses on the major philosophical schools of the Chou-Han period, which was roughly equivalent in time and intellectual fertility to the classical ages of Greece and Rome. Among these schools, special consideration is given to the Confucian and Taoist schools, since the doctrines associated with these were the sources of the two major philosophical traditions in China for the next 2000 years and affected very significant cultural developments in the arts, religion, science, and politics. The course concentrates on Chinese ethics and political philosophies (with notable exceptions in the case of certain Taoist thinkers) and on the theories of human nature that were associated with them. Among the more interesting political theories discussed are those pertaining to social control or the most desirable and effective ways of mobilizing the population for goals determined by the rulers. Chinese philosophers have been somewhat unusual in occupying political office and in having an opportunity to test their ideas in practice. This fact has affected the character of Chinese philosophy from the beginning, and it makes the study of Chinese political philosophy especially intriguing. There is some background consideration of the social and living conditions of the periods in which the various philosophies emerged. No knowledge of Chinese is required. Readings are in translation. All students are required to prepare a critical review essay of a secondary-source book dealing with one or more of the schools studied. Other course requirements include a midterm and a final examination. (Munro)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Largely through lectures, this course will examine the highlights of early Chinese literature from antiquity to the 13th century. We will begin with The Book of Changes, The Book of Songs, and a few ancient philosophical texts (which are written in brilliant literary styles) from the millennium before Christ, the millennium in which China made an astonishing "philosophic breakthrough" in its civilization. We will then undertake to follow the development of the various forms of poetry, fiction, and other kinds of prose during the subsequent centuries. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with, and also to be able to enjoy, these masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the ages. Three 5-page papers and a final exam are required. Sample readings include Cyril Birch, ed., Anthology of Chinese Literature, Vol. I; two major texts in Taoist mysticism: Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching and the "Inner Chapters" of the Chuang Tzu; Burton Watson, The Columbia Book of Chinese Poetry; and other materials in a course pack. (Lin)

476/RC Hums. 476/Asian Studies 476. Writer and Society in Modern China. (4). (HU).

This is an invitation to study examples of twentieth-century Chinese literature, a literature produced during a period of historical upheaval and itself a battleground for political, cultural, and aesthetic issues. But we also want to understand and appreciate the artistry and diversity of these literary works. We will examine: external "reality" as projected by our texts; ideological pressures of a shifting political context; the influx of Western influences and the breakdown of tradition; changing views of gender and sexuality; the role and self-conception of the writer as avant-garde rebel, historical witness, social critic, or political martyr, particularly in confronting the oppressed "other" as woman or peasant. What is the purpose or meaning of writing? Given the often fatal risks involved, why write? Readings will include stories by Lu Xun, Family (Ba Jin), Rickshaw (Lao She), "Miss Sophie's Diary" (Ding Ling), etc., examples of Communist "revolutionary literature," some stories from Taiwan. The second half of the term will be devoted to post-Mao works, including "literature of the wounded," new writings by women, Red Sorghum (Mo Yan, novel and film), avant-garde fiction and poetry by the writer in exile Bei Dao and others. Class format: lecture/discussion. Requirements: three short papers and a final exam. No knowledge of Chinese required. (Y. Feuerwerker)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101. Beginning Japanese. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($7) required.

A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two Kana syllabaries ( Katakana and Hiragana ) and elementary characters ( Kanji ) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Parts I-II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. Cost:2 WL:1

201. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers/essays in response to questions about these texts. Discussions on the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to practice a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language, Part II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. Cost:2 WL:1

250. Calligraphy. Japanese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.

In this course students will learn the art of Japanese Calligraphy. Students who have taken the course previously will be permitted to enroll in the course and will learn intermediate or advanced calligraphy. (You may take the course up to three times for credit). Materials will be available on the first day of class; however, students are encouraged to purchase their own calligraphy sets (approximately $20.00). Students are also required to pay a paper fee of approximately $10.00. Please bring 2 days of newspapers to the first day of class. Contact the department at 764-8286 regarding the first meeting date. Cost:1 WL:1 (Uno)

401. Japanese Literature in Translation: Classical Periods to 1600. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

A survey of Japanese literature from the eighth century through the sixteenth. All assigned readings are in English translation, and no previous knowledge of Japan or the Japanese language is required. Special attention is given to the great works of the Japanese literary tradition, including the MAN 'YOSHU, the eighth century anthology of native poetry; The Tale of Genji, the novel of court life from the early eleventh century; diaries and essays from the Heian period (ca. 800-1200); the epic war tales of the thirteenth century; and some of the major noh plays of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This course, together with Japanese 402, its sequel, are recommended to all students with a general interest in literature or in Japanese culture. Classes are in a lecture and discussion format, with ample opportunity for questions from students. The course has a midterm and a final examination, emphasizing essay questions. Also, one short paper of some 8 to 10 pages is required. (Danly)

407. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 406. (3). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. The emphasis is upon a literary approach, using close reading and translation, in class, of Japanese texts. Occasional papers and written translations are required. The pace of reading is intended to help the student build up reading speed and comprehension. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other basic research aids effectively. Cost:1 WL:1 (Ito)

416. Communicative Competence for Japan Oriented Careers. Japanese 406, 411 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Topics include: Organization, Business Travel, Meetings, Bureaucracy, Distribution, Expansion, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of moderately difficult texts, newspaper articles, and news broadcasts. Cost:2 WL:2

445. Readings in Technical Japanese. Japanese 406, 421, 411, or permission of instructor. A maximum of 10 credits may be elected through Japanese 421, 445, and 446. (4). (Excl).

Japanese 445, the first term in a two term sequence of Readings in Technical Japanese, is designed to train Fourth-Year level Japanese language students to read technical materials written for a Japanese audience. Readings will consist of articles and reports taken from publications in fields where Japanese conduct leading-edge research. There will also be an oral/aural component stressing communications strategies for establishing and conducting professional relationships in technical environments. Japanese engineers carrying out advanced studies in Michigan, or employed at the many technical centers in this area, will be an important resource. Students will also be introduced to the uses of technical dictionaries and indexes. Class attendance is mandatory. Students are required to prepare for recitations and for frequent quizzes. Written translations will be assigned. There will be a midterm and a final. (Unedaya)

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 or 402, or permission of instructor. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.
Section 001: The Construction of the Female Gender in Modern Japanese Fiction.
An examination of the depiction of women in selected works by the canonical (male) authors Soseki, Tanizaki, Kawabata, Mishima, Oe, and Abe as juxtaposed with female authors' self-portrayal from Hayashi Fumiko and Enchi Fumiko to Takahashi Takako and Tsushima Yuko. Readings will also include studies in Japanese sociology, psychology, and feminist history; Western feminist criticism will be introduced for a comparative perspective. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ramirez-Christensen)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the reading skills and on the acquisition of "kango" vocabulary which arise in understanding these readings. Class attendance is mandatory. Homework includes a minimum of four hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare for the readings and for frequent quizzes so that they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. Japanese essays will be assigned. Cost:1 WL:1 (Unedaya)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.
Section 001 Waka Poetics.
We will study the history of waka criticism form the Heian to the Muromachi period with particular attention to issues of poetic function, rhetoric, aesthetic judgment, and ideology: what values inhere in poetry's preeminent status as canonical literature? Readings will include selections from the Kokinshû Kana preface, Shunzei's Korai fûteishô, Teika's Maigetsushô, the Shôtetsu monogartari, Shinkei's Sasamegoto, and popular "poem-tales." Cost:3 WL:1 (Ramirez-Christensen)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (S&SEA) (Division 483)

S&SEA Language Courses

101. Beginning Thai. (5). (LR).

Standard Thai, the language of Thailand, is typical of several Asian languages in its grammar and tonal pronunciation. Focus of the course is the use of language in everyday situations. Upon successful completion of the two-term sequence, students will be able to conduct conversation dealing with several survival concerns, e.g., introduction, ordering food, transportation, banking, post-office trip, shopping, etc. From the first day of class, students will learn Thai scripts and will be able to read course materials and short passages in Thai at the end of the term. Writing assignments are also assigned. Thai cultures will be offered both in the content of the language lessons and supplementary presentations. Placement test required before registration. Cost:1 WL:4 (Montatip Brown)

103. Beginning Indonesian. (5). (LR).

Indonesian is the national language of Indonesia, a country noted for its rich and deep cultural heritage as well as for its remarkable cultural diversity. With its 180,000,000 speakers, Indonesian is the sixth most prevalently spoken of world languages. The relatively simple syntactic and grammatical structures which characterize Indonesian make it an accessible language for native speakers of English. The elementary course comprises a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. Cost:2 WL:4 (Sudarsih)

107. Beginning Tagalog. (4). (LR).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have an acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. Cost:1 WL:1 (Naylor)

115(381). Beginning Vietnamese. (5). (LR).

This is the introductory course in speaking, listening, reading, and writing Vietnamese, the language of about 70,000,000 speakers. With the lifting of the trade embargo and a prospective normalization in American-Vietnamese relations, there is no doubt that a knowledge of the Vietnamese language and culture will provide many opportunities that will be available then. This course is designed for the students with no knowledge of the Vietnamese language as well as those with some knowledge but desire to develop the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The format will be as follows: four class hours a week will be focused on the aural-oral approach, in reading, dialogue form, translation, question-and-answer on the content of the texts. One class hour will be devoted to quizzes or tests. In addition, there will be home assignments and works in the lab. Classes will be largely conducted in Vietnamese to help the students acquire sufficient automaticity and fluency in spoken Vietnamese. Course evaluation will be graded on classroom performance, class attendance, home assignments, and a final examination. WL:3 (Nguyen)

201. Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course continues and extends the four skills students developed in Thai 101-102. Reading and discussions as well as written assignments from authentic materials will be covered. Class is conducted largely in Thai. Students are required to actively participate in class. Cost:1 WL:4 (Montatip Brown)

203. Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 104. (5). (LR).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. Cost:3 WL:4 (Sudarsih)

207. Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 108 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

This course is designed for the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog and who wishes to develop some fluency in spoken Tagalog and to be acquainted with Tagalog literature. It is part of a two-term sequence which is essentially a continuation of what has been learned in the first year but there will be more emphasis on reading and writing. Students who have not taken Elementary Tagalog (South and Southeast Asia 107/108 may take this course if they pass an evaluation test to be given by the instructor. The format will be as follows: two class hours a week will be devoted to readings and grammar review and one class hour a week will be devoted to guided conversation. Readings will be assigned and these will provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points and question and answer sessions in Tagalog on the content. There will be written assignments, a midterm, and a final examination. By the end of the second year, students should have acquired sufficient competence to handle longer conversations, write letters and brief essays, read certain plays, and (with the aid of a dictionary) newspapers and magazines. Course texts are: Intermediate Readings in Tagalog, ed. by Bowen; Tagalog Reference Grammar by Schacter and Octanes; and a Tagalog-English Dictionary. Supplementary readings will be assigned during the term. Cost:2 WL:1 (Naylor)

215(481). Intermediate Vietnamese. S&SEA 116. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of Beginning Vietnamese 115 & 116. It is designed for the students who have some knowledge of spoken and written Vietnamese, but who wish to develop the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing - learned in "Beginning Vietnamese." Students who have not taken Vietnamese 115 & 116 may take this course if they pass an evaluation test. The course will meet five hours a week, with primary emphasis on reading and writing. Classes will be largely conducted in Vietnamese and students will be encouraged to communicate in the target language. Course grade will be based on classroom performance, class attendance, homework assignments, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Nguyen)

301. Reading and Writing for Native Speakers. Native speaking ability in a South/Southeast Asian language and permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is the first half of a two-term sequence designed for Vietnamese students who have some knowledge of the spoken language, but no or little reading and writing ability. This course covers S&SEA 115 & 116 in one term. The sequential course (S&SEA 302) will cover S&SEA 215 & 216 in the winter term. The course meets four hours a week, with primary emphasis on reading and writing through the second-year level. It also aims at improving the student's skills in speaking and aural comprehension. Course grade will be based on classroom attendance, classroom performance, homework and a final examination. No credit granted to students who have completed any formal Vietnamese course. Native Vietnamese speakers are encouraged to take this course rather than S&SEA 115 & 116. See the instructor for placement test before registration. Cost:1 WL:3 (Nguyen)

401. Advanced Thai. S&SEA 202 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).

In this course students will complete the move from material written specifically for foreign language-learners to "real" Thai, including such genres as newspaper articles, essays, and fiction. Class discussion of the reading selections and other topics will be in Thai, giving students the chance to acquire more sophisticated oral skills such as those of advancing and supporting opinions and interpretations. Written assignments will advance students' facility at writing Thai. Cost:2 WL:4 (Solnit)

403. Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 204. (4). (Excl).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing - in modern Indonesian. The course work is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests and a final exam or project. Cost:2 WL:4 (Florida)

415(597). Advanced Vietnamese. S&SEA 216 or 302. (4). (Excl).

This is the first half of a two-term sequence designed to improve the student's proficiency in reading and writing, and to increase conversational vocabulary used in formal and informal situations. The course meets four hours a week, with primary emphasis on composition writing and discussion on selected reading materials. A selection of reading materials, ranging from classical books to newspapers, folktales and plays, will provide the students opportunities to get acquainted with various socio-cultural aspects of Vietnam. Course grade will be based on classroom attendance, classroom performance, homeworks, and a final examination. WL:3 (Nguyen)

S&SEA Courses in English

461. Southeast Asian Literature. (3). (Excl).

This course will address issues involved in reading Southeast Asian texts in translation. While focusing on the literary cultures of Indonesia, the course may also treat texts from the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. The course will examine various forms of "traditional" and "modern" Southeast Asian literature: drama, poetry, novels, and short stories. Among the questions to be addressed: What is "literature" in Southeast Asia? What do the categories "traditional" and "modern" mean (and do) in Southeast Asian contexts? In what ways do Southeast Asian texts and contexts mutually inform one another? How do women figure in these (con)texts? Course requirements include active engagement in class discussion, frequent short papers, and a take-home final. Students will also be expected to keep an on-going journal recording their responses to the readings. (Florida)

Courses in Asian Studies (Division 323)

111/University Courses 172/History 151. South Asian Civilization. (4). (HU).

See History 151. (Dirks)

121/History 121. Great Traditions of East Asia. (4). (HU).

See History 121. (Forage)

230/Buddhist Studies 230/Phil. 230/Rel. 230. Introduction to Buddhism. (4). (HU).

See Buddhist Studies 230. (Gómez)

428/Pol. Sci. 428/Phil. 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. Not recommended for Asian Studies concentrators. (3). (Excl).

See Political Science 428. (Lieberthal)

441. Asia Through Fiction. (3). (Excl).

This course deals with selected novels and short stories by Asian writers and Westerners writing about Asia. It attempts to compare different perspectives on the Asian scene and particularly focuses on East/West interactions. Course readings center on India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China. Four short essays are required which take the place of an examination. The class is usually small enough to function as a group discussion, which considers also the Asian context, but regular attendance is necessary, and careful attention ON SCHEDULE to the readings. There are several evening opportunities to sample Asian cuisine and films. Writers dealt with include Narayan, Greene, Mishima, Forster, Kipling, Conrad, Tanizaki, Orwell, Markandaya, Buck, Lu Hsun, and others. (Murphey)

476/RC Hums. 476/Chinese 476. Writer and Society in Modern China. (4). (HU).

See Chinese 476. (Y. Feuerwerker)


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