Classical Studies

The Department of Classical Studies believes that the literature, monuments, and social institutions of the ancient world, together with the reflections of the Greek and Roman thinkers about their own cultures, are of unique value in themselves, well worth our contemplation and understanding; and that as we attempt to learn about and appreciate classical civilization, we necessarily learn as well a variety of contemporary methodologies and disciplines.

The department offers three groups of courses for distribution, those in Classical Civilization (introductory courses that require no knowledge of Greek or Latin), courses in Classical Archaeology, and upper level language courses in Greek and Latin authors or genres. While only a few courses are repeated in yearly or biennial rotation, most courses are offered less regularly. This system guarantees that the instructor approaches the subject each time with fresh impetus. We believe in a healthy change and variation in our course offerings. The undergraduate advisor of the Department of Classical Studies will consider and, if appropriate, authorize other classical civilization, literature, and archaeology courses for distribution credit upon request by students during the first drop/add period each term.

Classical Civilization offerings include the general surveys of Greek and Roman civilizations (CC 101 and 102), which provide (through readings, lectures, and discussions) a broad understanding of the literatures, thought, and social development of ancient Greece and Rome, and thus provide the student with knowledge of and appreciation for our cultural origins, as well as an acquaintance with modern methods for understanding an ancient culture. These courses are taught each year. CC 101 is offered in the Fall and CC 102 is offered in the Winter. Other courses provide understanding of particular aspects of the ancient world, approached from a variety of disciplines and studies literary, philosophical, historical, sociological, and so on. Some students (particularly those who have already developed special interests in such disciplines) may wish to explore one of these topics without having had a broader introduction.

Classical Archaeology offerings include the broad surveys of the archaeology and monuments of Greece (Cl.Arch 221 offered in the Fall) and Rome (Cl.Arch 222 offered in the Winter) and a general introduction to archaeological field methods (Cl.Arch 323). Other courses use the material remains of specific cultures both to introduce students to the diversity of the ancient world and to demonstrate how, through a variety of multi-disciplinary approaches, the archaeological record can be used to reconstruct the life-ways of past societies.

Courses in Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one-hour examinations and a final, as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. Cost:2/3 WL:1 (Pedley)

323. Introduction to Field Archaeology. (3). (HU).

Admit it you wanted to be an archaeologist when you were a kid. This course offers the chance to see what such a career would be like. We will investigate issues such as: What is left from past human activity and how do we retrieve it? How were societies organized? What did ancient peoples eat? What did they think? What were they like? Who owns the past? Archaeological case studies will be drawn from all over the world, and from a range of prehistoric and historic periods. The course is lecture-based, with field trips organized to various university museums and other facilities, such as the Phoenix Laboratory. The text book is C. Renfrew and P. Bahn, Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice; there will also be a supplemental course pack. Requirements are midterm, final and one project, which offers the chance to experiment with some 'real' archaeology. No prerequisites. Cost:2 WL:1 (Alcock)

380/Hist. of Art 380/Anthro. 380. Minoan and Mycenaean Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 and 222, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

A survey of the archaeology of the Aegean world in the Bronze Age. Although there are no prerequisites for the course, it is intended mainly for undergraduates with some relevant archaeological or art historical background (e.g., Class. Arch. 221 or 222). The course will begin by considering what is known about the rise of complex societies in the prehistoric Aegean (the Minoans in Crete and Mycenaeans on the Greek mainland). The main focus will be on the social, economic, and administrative structures of these states, seen in their wider Mediterranean and Near Eastern context, but artistic, architectural, and religious traditions will also be reviewed in some detail, together with the evidence of contemporary written documents and later traditions. The course will conclude with a consideration of the collapse and aftermath of these civilizations. There will be occasional quizzes, a midterm, a final, and one short term paper. Cost:2 WL:4 (Cherry)

395. Junior Honors Survey. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.

Wide reading in Greek and Roman architecture, or sculpture, or painting according to the needs of the students enrolled. Discussions and individual study. For junior Honors candidates; other students may be admitted by permission of the Honors concentration adviser.

424/Hist. of Art 424. Archaeology of the Roman Provinces. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

How would your life have altered if the Romans conquered your homeland? This course will begin by considering the impact of expansion and control, as well as local strategies of acculturation and resistance, in a variety of imperial settings. For the Roman provinces specifically, we will explore potential changes in several spheres: economic (agriculture, trade, urbanization), military (frontiers, garrisons), artistic (architecture, town planning, sculptural styles), and symbolic (imperial cult, syncretism). Select provinces from both the eastern and western empire will serve as case studies; to what extent were any of these 'Romanized'? Undergraduates will be asked for a midterm, final and short paper; graduate student requirements will be arranged in class. Cost:2 WL:1 (Alcock)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Great Books 191 or 201. (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings to the Hellenistic age. All reading is in English translation. Lectures will trace the development of Greek literature and thought within the context of Greek society. Literature read includes The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer; selected homeric hymns; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selected comedies of Aristophanes; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and philosophical writings of Plato and Xenophon. The readings average about 90 pages per week. There will be a midterm, two brief papers, and a final examination. Freshmen Honors students in Honors sections will write enough to meet the Introductory Composition requirement. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. Cost:3 WL:4 (Dillery)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

Readings include selections from ancient writers in translation and from recent scholarship on topics in Roman history and society available in a course pack obtainable from AccuCopy at the corner of Maynard and East William. In the lectures we begin with some background on Roman religion and history and then consider the different social classes and their lifestyles; the second half of the course deals with the major sports of chariot racing, gladiator fights, and wild beast hunts, and also includes activities at the baths. Grades will be based upon midterm and final examinations and upon participation in class.

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388.

467. The Good Life. (3). (HU).

This course is a survey of ethical philosophy in Ancient Greece from the fifth to second centuries B.C., beginning with Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and ending with the dominant Hellenistic schools, viz. the Stoics and the Epicureans. We also meet up with a variety of Cynics, Cyrenaics, and Skeptics along the way. The course acquaints the student with a wide range of ancient philosophical texts and provides a framework for their critical assessment. It also provokes reflection about how moral philosophy interacts with society. Finally, it seeks to assess the evolution of moral discourse within the early Western tradition. The course will proceed by tracing a number of themes throughout the period we are studying, both theoretical issues such as, e.g., the nature of eudaimonism, and specific topics, such as feminism in ancient thought. Readings include primary sources and modern moral theorists. The requirements are three short papers. (Rappe)

483/ABS 483/Religion 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilization. (4). (Excl).

See Ancient and Biblical Studies 483. (Boccaccini)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. Graduate students should elect the course as Greek 502. (4). (LR).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. Cost:2 WL:1 (Rappe)

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103, 310, or 503. Graduate students should elect the course as Greek 503. (4). (LR).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already completed Greek 101. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading Attic prose selections. There will be a series of quizzes and hourly exams in addition to a final exam.

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. The language requirement is satisfied with the successful completion of Greek 301 and 302. (4). (LR).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. Emphasis will be put upon reading Greek prose texts (Lysias, Plato); upon linguistic and grammatical skills; and upon translation and comprehension. Its sequel is Greek 302 (Winter term), in which poetry is read (Homer). Cost:2 WL:2 (Porter)

Intermediate Courses

401. Readings in Classical Greek Prose. Greek 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

Readings in Greek prose authors chosen from such authors as Herodotus, Thucydides, and the orators. (Cameron)

Advanced Courses

511. Thucydides. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course will involve a careful reading of the Greek text of Thucydides with a view towards analyzing the historical, historiographic and intellectual issues associated with his History of the Peloponnesian War. Particular attention will be paid to a selection of important passages from early in the history as well as to the problematic Book 8. Students will be expected to make a presentation to the class, as well as write a paper (about ten pages in length); there will also be a midterm and a final. Cost:2 (Dillery)

Modern Greek (Division 433)

101. Elementary Modern Greek. Graduate students should elect Modern Greek 501. (4). (LR).

An introductory course in language with special emphasis on developing speaking skills. Most of the classroom time is spent on drills and on elementary dialogues among the students and between the students and the instructor. A creative approach to language learning is followed, whereby the class simulates everyday life situations and the students are asked to improvise responses to those situations. Instruction also focuses on elementary grammar and syntax. Homework involves preparation for the dialogues and drills. Additional exercises at home and in the classroom - include descriptions of objects and contexts, problem-solving, interviews among students, and conversion of dialogues into narratives. There are weekly quizzes or tests, a midterm and a final examination.

201. Second Year Modern Greek I. Modern Greek 102. Graduate students should elect Modern Greek 503. (4). (LR).

This course is designed to improve the speaking, reading and writing, as well as listening skills of students. The course begins with a thorough review of materials taught in the first year and continues with the completion of grammar and syntax and writing. Besides the familiar drills, homework includes a greater amount of creative writing. Journalistic prose, short stories, literary excerpts, as well as films and television materials are included in the course. There are weekly quizzes or tests, a midterm and a final examination. (Gagos)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential facts of morphology, syntax, semantics, vocabulary, history and culture are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English vocabulary improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 193, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with little or no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2016 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or contact Professor Knudsvig in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103, 193, or 502. (4). (LR).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of the text. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hours examinations, and a final. Cost:1 WL:3

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 193 or 502. (4). (LR).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. Cost:1 WL:3

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (Excl).

This course is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. Upperclass undergraduates in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and as efficiently as possible should elect this course. So should other undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upper-level Latin courses as soon as possible. (Note: completion of 193-194 alone does not fulfill the undergraduate language requirement). This first term course covers elementary grammar and syntax. Cost:1 WL:1 (Myers,Ross)

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 194, 222, or 503. (4). (LR).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Pliny the Younger and Cicero. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. Cost:1 WL:1,3

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 194, 222, or 503. (4). (LR).

The goal of this course is simple: to learn to read extensive passages of the greatest work of Latin literature, Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. This course will ask you to bring together and apply the knowledge and skills you have acquired up to this point and to build on these as you learn to read poetry. There will be some grammar review as necessary. You will also study Vergil's epic poem in English translation. By term's end you should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the Aeneid is all about and an ability to handle a Latin passage of the poem with control and comprehension. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour exams, and a final. Cost:2 WL:1,3

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin I. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The primary goal of this course is to serve as an introduction to the study of Latin literature, and, through the literature, of Roman culture. Texts by a major poet and a major prose author will be read with a view to their literary, historical, and political contexts. Reading stradegies, and review of morphology and syntax as needed, will be stressed. There will be quizzes, a midterm, and final exam. Cost:2 WL:3,4 (Knudsvig)

401. Republican Prose. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

This course will deal with the surviving works of the late Republican historian Sallust. Accurate translation of Sallust's Latin will be the first goal. However, as time permits, the class will be drawn into discussion of Sallust's aims as a historian and his approach to history. Additional readings of other authors of related interest, such as Cicero, will occasionally be assigned. Requirements include a midterm, paper, and a final exam. Cost:2 (Myers)

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Extensive reading in the ODES of Horace with concentration both on the mastery of Horace's poetic language and attention to the literary interpretation of the specific poems within their historical and generic context. (Witke)

Advanced Courses

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Junior standing in Latin and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of modern linguistic theories that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. Cost:1 WL:3 (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. Cost:1 WL:3 (Knudsvig)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500-900 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

A survey of the major developments in Latin prose and poetry from A.D. 500-900. Attention will be paid to the changes in Latin grammar, syntax, and orthography. Texts read include monastic rules, saints' lives, history, and poetry. Midterm, final, one short paper. (Witke)

566. Horace, Complete Works. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

We will read selections from all of Horace's works, to appreciate his development as a poet and an Augustan. Class reports, hour exam, term paper. Cost:1 WL:1 (Ross)

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