Germanic Languages and Literatures

Courses in DUTCH (DIVISION 357)

111. First Special Speaking and Reading Course. Graduate students should elect the course as Dutch 511. (4). (LR).

This course provides the student with the basics of the Dutch language. We mainly use the monolingual course-book LEVEND NEDERLANDS (LIVING DUTCH) and each lesson from the book will consist of everyday conversation, a grammatical explanation, exercises, a coherent word list, questions about the conversation, discussion, and homework. To enliven the class the teacher will provide the students with songs, newspaper articles, comics, etc. Films and video will be used where possible. Books: LEVEND NEDERLANDS, Cambridge University Press, New York; W. Z. Shetter, INTRODUCTION TO DUTCH; Joe Delap, Beginning Dutch Workbook Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen 1993. Cost:2 WL:3 (Broos)

231. Second-Year Dutch. Dutch 112 or the equivalent. Graduate students should elect the course as Dutch 531. (4). (LR).

The course will start with an overview of the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We will develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening by means of texts to be announced. Comics, songs, newspaper articles, and literature will enliven the course and introduce the students to contemporary Dutch society. Books: B.C. Donaldson, Beyond the dictionary in Dutch, Muiderberg: Coutinho, 1990; P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, Basiswoordenboek Nederlands, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Broos)

480. Modern Dutch Literature. Dutch 231 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will examine the poetry and prose of both The Netherlands and Belgium in modern times. The reading of poems, short stories, novellas, etc. in the original language will provide the student with material for discussion about authors, opinions, place and points of view of Modern Dutch literature. Topics in the past have included modern Dutch poetry, Dutch colonial literature, the legacy of Anne Frank: World War II in modern Dutch literature. The course will be conducted totally in Dutch. Cost:1 WL:3 (Broos)

491. Colloquium on Modern Dutch Culture and Literature. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

This course is conducted in English by the annual visiting writer-in-residence, usually a well known novelist or poet chosen by the Dutch Ministry of Culture to represent The Netherlands. The difference from ordinary literature and creative or news writing courses is that you will meet an esteemed writer and have the opportunity to exchange views on culture, literature, the practice of writing, communication, etc. both American and Dutch. Students are encouraged to bring in their own writing for reviewing and critical assessment. The course has not the ordinary professorial approach and is open to all lovers of texts, literary or otherwise, both American and European. Regular class attendance and participation in class discussions followed by at least one substantial paper will be required. Cost:1 WL:3

German Courses (Division 379)

101. Elementary Course. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100. (4). (LR).

First course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. The first-year program is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German", to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions and readings. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to work on the computer, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and a final. The language of instruction is German. Cost:2 WL:2

102. Elementary Course. German 101 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100 or 103. (4). (LR).

Second course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. See German 101 for a general description. Cost:2 WL:2

103. Review of Elementary German. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 100 or 102. (4). (LR).

Course for students who have had two to three years of high school German or one or more terms of college German not at the University of Michigan but who are not yet at second-year performance level. This course is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions and readings. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to work on the computer, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are three major tests and a final. These sections meet FIVE times per week. Students may enroll in 231 upon satisfactory completion of this course. The language of instruction is German. Cost:2 WL:2

111. First Special Reading Course. Undergraduates must obtain permission of the department. (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read simple German expository prose. Course content focuses on an introduction to the essentials of German grammar and syntax both in class lectures and in texts. Students are required to read but not to write and speak German. The course uses traditional methods of instruction which present rules of grammar and syntax as well as a basic vocabulary. Since much memorization is necessary, it is essential that students have time to do required course work which averages about twelve hours each week exclusive of class time. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, three one-hour examinations devoted to specific problems of grammar and vocabulary, and a final examination requiring the translation of sight passages without the aid of a dictionary. The class is taught in English, and the course text is Morgan and Strothman, Grammar for Reading German. There are no course prerequisites, but German 111 is open only to graduate students who wish to fulfill a German foreign language requirement and to advanced undergraduates in special programs who already have met the LS&A foreign language requirement. Undergraduates must receive departmental permission prior to electing the course. Cost:1 WL:2

112. Second Special Reading Course. German 111 or the equivalent (placement test). (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read German for research purposes with the aid of a dictionary. Course content includes an intensive review of grammar and syntax followed by translations from texts in the humanities, the natural and social sciences. Choice of reading texts is determined in part by the composition of the class. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, one examination following the completion of the grammar review, one examination during the reading of assigned texts. The final examination requires the translation of sight passages with the aid of a dictionary. The course prerequisite is German 111 or a placement examination (CEEB, GSFLT, or departmental). Like German 111, German 112 is open only to graduate students and undergraduates in special programs. Cost:1 WL:2

231. Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 221. (4). (LR).

Third of a four-term sequence in contemporary German. The second-year, or intermediate, program is designed to increase students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, writing, and reading German. Students are expected to increase the level of accuracy at which they can express themselves and the range of situations in which they can function in German-speaking cultures. There will be an intermediate grammar review and selected readings. There are three hourly tests and a final examination. Students write essays related to class readings. The language of instruction is German. Cost:3 WL:2

232. Second-Year Course. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 236. (4). (LR). Some sections of German 232 address special topics, e.g., music, philosophy, science, current political issues, etc.

Second course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. The second-year program is designed to increase students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, writing, and reading German. Students are expected to increase the level of accuracy at which they can express themselves and the range of situations in which they can function in German-speaking cultures. They will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss a large variety of texts. Traditional whole class instruction is supplemented with communicative activities involving pairs or small groups of students. There are three hourly tests and a final examination. In addition, students write essays related to class readings. The language of instruction is German. Cost:2 WL:2

Section 001 Ausländer in Deutschland. This section will explore the "Ausländer-experience" in Germany starting with the influx into the then Bundesrepublik of foreign workers (Gastarbeiter) shortly after the end of WW II. We will examine the economic, geographic, social, political and cultural ramifications of this influx, with special emphasis on the resulting clash of cultures in Germany. These will be examined as they are presented by the Gastarbeiter and his family writing in German about their everyday life and experiences in Germany. We will be examining various genres and media presentations of the problem, such as prose, drama, film, poetry, music, newspaper and magazine articles, radio plays, and television. A brief look at post-Reunification developments in the "new" Bundesrepublik will round out the course. In addition to the readings and media activities, the students will write a number of essays and two short exams during this half of the term. The language of instruction is German. (Van Valkenberg)

Section 002 Hesse and Jung. We will begin with a couple of interesting twentieth century short stories and accompany these with a brief review of some of the most important aspects of grammar to facilitate the reading. We will devote the major part of the term to a reading of Hermann Hesse's Demian, a work written right after World War I. As background we will read a few selections from the works of Carl Gustav Jung and Friedrich Nietzsche who were major influences on Hesse's life and work. This will give us some insight into such important themes as the Kabbalah (Jewish mystical tradition), the Gnostic religious heritage, Jung's notion of the Collective Unconscious and the human being's journey to vital maturity, and last but not least, Nietzche's teaching on the "superman" and the will to power. We will have periodic quizzes, midterm and final. Texts: Larry Well, Mitlesen, Mitteilen; Larry Wells, Handbuch zur deutschen Grammatik; Hesse, Demian; and selected readings in a course pack. Cost:1 WL:4 (Paslick)

Section 003 Philosophy and Science. The intent of this section is to acquaint students with the vocabulary of scientific and philosophical German, to familiarize them with some of the historical issues, and to provide opportunities to work toward an active command of these disciplinary languages. We will devote the first eight weeks to abridged versions of popular scientific essays from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by Alexander von Humboldt, Hermann von Helmholtz, Ernst Mach, and Albert Einstein. These essays will introduce the central vocabulary of the various disciplines, recount important episodes in the history of science, and address central philosophical issues. A three-page, expository paper on this material, written in German, will be due at midterm. The final six weeks will be devoted to brief selections from Kant (epistemology), Nietzsche (ethics), and Wittgenstein (logic, philosophy of language), and to three short articles from German scientific periodicals. Students will be asked to write, in German, either a three-page response to one of the philosophers, or a 250-word abstract of each of the articles, depending on their interests. Difficult constructions and some vocabulary in the readings will be glossed in advance, but the texts themselves will be straight out of the library, and students will otherwise be expected to learn how to read such difficult material on their own with the aid of a dictionary. In addition, each student will be asked to make two brief oral presentations, in German and from notes alone, in which they explain to their classmates an important scientific or philosophical concept such as "phototropism," "hypothesis," or "valence." The language of instruction is German. Cost:1 WL:2 (Amrine)

Section 004 The Construction of Outsiders in German Literature. Many discussions on contemporary Germany concentrate on the resurging racism in general and on Ausländerfeindlichkeit in particular. While we will frequently address current issues of German politics and social life, the main emphasis will be on critical readings of two or three short German literary texts of the 19th and early 20th centuries. We will start with an example of what could be called hate-literature, Richard Wagner's Das Judentum in der Musik. From the explicit, we will turn to the more subtle, implicit construction of otherness in Heinrich von Kleist's Die Verlobung in St. Domingo and possibly Hugo von Hofmannsthal's Das Märchen der 672. Nacht. The construction of otherness has as much to do with outsiders as it has with a specific idea of the self, the definition of the German or Germanness. One hour a week will be devoted to grammar review. Course requirements: grammar quizzes; short weekly writing assignments; a three-page midterm paper and a six-page final paper. No final exam. Cost:1 WL:4 (Rast)

325. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

The sequence of German 325 and 326 is required for concentration in German. It is primarily intended to improve fluency and accuracy in written and spoken German. One hour each week is devoted to a systematic grammar review including translation from English to German. The remaining class time is devoted to German conversation based on readings and topics chosen at the discretion of the individual instructor. A German essay of one or two pages is assigned approximately every week. One or more five-minute oral presentations may be required. There are midterm and final examinations. Cost:2 WL:2

326. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See German 325.

350. Business German. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This is an introduction to the vocabulary, practices and procedures found in German business activity. Included are the nomenclature of office procedure, business letters and reports. In addition the course examines the German educational and political system from the standpoint of business practices, such as merchandising and advertising. The reading consists of the reading of actual business, merchandising and advertising material. There is a midterm and a final examination, and the writing of papers and translations during the course is required. The text consists largely of a course pack and a basic text. Cost:1 WL:4 (Fabian)

380. Charlemagne, Arthur, and the German Troubadours. German 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed for students with a 4-term proficiency in German and can be taken to fulfill the concentration requirements. It is an introduction to medieval German literature, with the texts presented in modern German. For the Early Middle Ages, the works will include a drama, a heroic story, and a historiographical account on Charlemagne. As to the 12th century, there will be readings from pre-courtly narratives inspired by the first two crusades, e.g., the German 'Song of Roland' and a story of adventure in the Orient. Pertaining to the High Middle Ages (starting around 1170), we will read a romance about King Arthur's knights. Selections of troubadour lyrics (1150-1300) will reflect the changing social, political, and literary landscape. This can also be seen in examples of the medieval novella. The instructor will speak German, students may use English. Student evaluation will be based on class participation, a one-hour test, and a term paper to be written in English. Texts: Course pack and books, as far as available. Cost:2 WL:4 (Scholler)

381. Eighteenth to Nineteenth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to German literature of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries through several of the great dramas of the period. In conjunction with German 382, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be elected in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The course will begin with Lessing's comedy Minna von Barnhelm, set against the backdrop of the Seven Years' War. We will then read the famous love tragedy, Die Gretchen-Tragödie excerpted from Goethe's Faust. Our third text will be Kleist's Prinz Friedrich von Homburg, a historical drama that depicts the existential struggle of a young man in confrontation with death. The course will conclude with Büchner's Woyzeck, a drama that was far ahead of its time in its focus on a "hero" from the lowest ranks of society. The emphasis of the course is on the analysis of the works, mainly in class discussion. The instructor will speak German. Students are encouraged to do likewise as much as possible. There will be two short interpretive papers and a final exam, normally in English. Cost:1 WL:4

384. Short Fiction: Romanticism to Realism. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to some of the major figures and movements in German literature from the end of the eighteenth to the second half of the nineteenth century through the study of selected masterworks of short fiction. Furthermore, it offers the student the opportunity to gain some insight into the cultural as well as the social and political trends of this period. The readings consist of short works of fiction by such authors as L. Tieck, A.v.Arnim, E.T.A. Hoffmann, J.v.Eichendorff, H.v.Kleist, G. Buchner, A.v.Broste-Hulshoff, F. Grillparzer, and C.F. Meyer. German will be used as much as possible in this class. The course grade will be based on class participation and two papers. Cost:1 WL:5. Call me at 663-9673 about getting an override (Weiss)

415. The German Language Past and Present. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of German 415 are to introduce students to the assumptions, terminology, and methodologies of both descriptive and historical linguistics, and to apply these to a survey of the growth and development of German from pre-literate times to the present, with emphasis on the emergence of the standard literary dialect. Although a major concern will be the internal structure of the language, we shall relate this to the cultural context in which the language has evolved. Instruction will be through lectures and discussion. Requirements include a number of homework problems; several in-class written exercises; a final examination; one 10-page term paper; and one 15-minute oral presentation to the class on the content of the term paper. Texts to purchase: Astrid Stedje, Deutsche Sprache gestern und heute; and a course pack. Cost:2 WL:3 (Kyes)

425. Intermediate Composition and Conversation. German 325 and 326; or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Various approaches are used to improve the student's written and spoken German. Each week a composition of at least two pages is assigned. Sometimes the instructor assigns specific topics while at other times students select their own. Occasionally students are required to listen to a tape on some aspect of German history or culture and to use it as a departure point for an essay. Class discussions are based on topics selected by the instructor and the students. Brief presentations by individual students are required. German is used exclusively in class. The final course grade is based on compositions as well as participation in discussion. German 425 is regularly offered during the Fall Term while German 426 is regularly offered during the Winter Term. German 426 may be taken independently of 425. Cost:1 WL:5. Call me at 663-9673 about getting an Override (Weiss)

456. Nineteenth Century German Theatre. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The readings usually consist of works by Grabbe, Buchner, Hebbel, Grillparzer, Hauptmann, and Hofmannsthal. Discussion is encouraged. Students are responsible only for a thorough knowledge of the individual plays, but these works will be used as a starting point to illustrate the main movements as well as authors of the century. There will be a midterm, a final and a term paper (in English or German) on a play read in class. The class will be conducted in German, but students contribute in English if they desire. Cost:1 WL:2 (Cowen)

458. German Literature after 1945. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

German literature written in the postwar period deals of necessity with questions of racial discrimination, in particular with antisemitism. It is also concerned with xenophobia and with gender discrimination, especially in works by women writers. Most of the works demonstrate the efforts of German writers to "come to terms" with the Third Reich. In doing so, they analyze German antisemitism at length in attempts to understand it. Others understand gender discrimination as a variety of fascism or imperialism, and thus link it to the sociology of racism. The term will be divided into three segments. The first will deal with antisemitism (mainly the Holocaust) in poetry, drama, and fiction from the late forties to the late eighties (Mann, Brecht, Celan, Sachs, Frisch, Honigmann, Weiss, J.Becker); the second with xenophobia, based on GANZ UNTEN by Gunter Wallraff; the third with the colonization of women as represented in works by Ingeborg Bachmann and Christa Wolf. Attention will be paid to the problems of both content and form in these works. Requirements will include oral presentations and a seminar paper (15-20 pages) to be written in stages during the term. All reading in German; language of instruction according to class preference. Cost:3 WL:3 (Fries)

471. German Literature from Its Beginning to the Present I. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

German 471, and its companion course 472, provide an overview that integrates the students' specialized knowledge of German writers, genres, and periods into a larger interdisciplinary context. The approach is threefold: (1) Lectures in German sketch in the different philosophical, cultural, and socio-political backgrounds against which major literary works were created, certain genres flourished or disappeared, and literary movements arose; (2) a literary history is read as a supplement to lectures and discussions, and (3) German texts from all genres (poetry, drama, narrative prose) are read in their entirety. Ger. 471 is devoted to German literature from its beginning to the Enlightenment; Ger. 472 covers STURM UND DRANG through contemporary literature. While identification of significant milestones in German literary history is important, greater emphasis is placed on students' ability to compare, contrast, and assimilate works of different authors, movements, and interdisciplinary influences, and on the development of the students' esthetic sensitivity, critical judgment, and imagination. Students will have a midterm and a final, and write a term paper. Cost:1 WL:2

491. German Honors Proseminar. Senior Honors standing. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Completion of the sequence of German 491 and 492 is required for an Honors concentration in German. Interested students not already in the German Honors concentration program should apply to Professor Fries for admission (minimum 3.0 GPA with at least 3.5 in German). German 491 is regarded as a preparatory term in anticipation of 492 (Winter Term), in which each student writes an Honors thesis. The kinds of works to be read will thus be determined by the perceived needs of the students, geared possibly toward already-identified thesis topics and/or toward intensified focus on one genre, period, or specific authors, etc. Regardless of ultimate subject matter, the intent of the seminar will be to increase students' critical reading abilities and their familiarity with the employment of secondary literature. Requirements for the course include (at least) one oral presentation and two papers (totaling about 25 pages). Students are urged to contact Professor Fries in advance of the Fall Term to arrange an interview in which particular individual needs and interests will be discussed, so that the course may be tailored to fit each group. Cost:2 WL:3 (Fries)

499. Seminar in German Studies. One year beyond 232 or the equivalent, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001 Twentieth-Century German Women Writers.
This seminar focuses on the works of women writers (from the Federal Republic, the former GDR, Austria, and Switzerland) with attention to themes of "otherness" and the relationship between gender and history. Texts include the representative genres of the diary, letters, drama, short stories, and novels. Selected readings thematize historical and social influence on women's writing. Discussions will center on primary texts about the specifics of female identity. There will also be short readings from Marxist, feminist, and psychoanalytic theory. Works include: Ingeborg Bachmann's poetry, Christa Wolf's Nachdenken über Christa T., Monika Maron's Die Überläuferin, Elfriede Jelinek's Die Liebhaberinnen, Erica Pedretti's Valerie oder Das unerzogene Auge, and others. Students will write one short, ungraded paper. Grades will be based on class presentation and a final paper (a pre-paper outline, rewritten drafts, and consultation with instructor are encouraged). All reading and discussions are in German. Cost:2 WL:3 (Simpson)

512. Introduction to Middle High German. Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The term "Middle High German", as used in this course, refers mainly to the language of the literary works written between 1170 and 1230, i.e., during a period in which German authors, just as 600 years later, produced masterpieces of world literature. Although the course is intended to serve graduate students of literature and linguistics, it can also accommodate the interests of undergraduates with a good knowledge of modern German. Middle High German morphology and syntax are treated systematically and in applied fashion while reading large amounts of (fascinating) text, some of it in facsimile print. Questions of pronunciation, linked to present day dialects, will be discussed throughout the term. Participants will give an oral report, write a midterm examination, and provide an annotated English translation of a passage taken from a hitherto untranslated medieval work. The course will be conducted in German, but students may use either English or German. Texts: M. O'C. Walshe, A Middle High German Reader, and a course pack. Cost:1 WL:4 (Scholler)

531/Education D431. Teaching Methods. Senior standing; and candidate for a teaching certificate. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the theoretical foundations of the teaching of German as a foreign language. The major approaches to foreign language teaching are discussed with particular emphasis on approaches that focus on communicative language learning/learning for proficiency. Emphasis is placed on the practical application of theories of language learning and teaching to the German language classroom. There will be a final written paper, one or two short exams, and the participants of the course are expected to give several short oral papers. Teaching assistants enrolled for this course must also participate in the five-day orientation workshop provided by the department prior to the start of the Fall Term. Cost:2 (VanValkenburg)

German Literature and Culture in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of German.

330. German Cinema. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($12) required.
Section 001 Propaganda Films.

"We are convinced that films constitute one of the most modern and scientific means of influencing the masses. Therefore, a government must not neglect them," Joseph Goebbels. Ministry of Peoples' Enlightenment and Propaganda.
Far from neglecting the film, the propaganda film constituted the only noteworthy artistic contribution which can be credited to the Third Reich, the 1933-45 period of German History. This course will examine some of the major propaganda films of that period such as Leni Riefenstahl's STIEG DES GLAUBENS, TRIUMPH OF THE WILL, and her two OLYMPIA films as well as a number of others such as the anti-Semitic JUD SUSS and THE ETERNAL JEW; war documentaries including CAMPAIGN IN POLAND, VICTORY IN THE WEST, and a number of entertainment films with specific propagandistic intent, REITET FUR DEUTSCHLAND and KOHLBERG among others. Since some of these films have not been subtitled a basic knowledge of German will be useful but not required. The action and the script will be discussed in detail beforehand. The course will include outside reading on the subject and the viewing of additional films. A series of short papers and a final examination will be required. The films will be viewed in VHS format. (Fabian)

375/MARC 375/Rel. 375. Celtic and Nordic Mythology. (3). (Excl).

See Religion 375. (Beck)

Scandinavian Courses (Division 471)

First and second year SWEDISH (Swedish 103, 233) will be offered Fall Term, 1994. Taught by a lecturer from Sweden, an experienced language teacher, Swedish can be used to meet the LS&A language requirement. The program also has a third-year advanced seminar for students with proficiency in Swedish. It is Scand. 430, Colloquium in Scandinavian Literature.

Any students who would like to concentrate in Scandinavian Studies must complete two years of Swedish. Second-year proficiency in Swedish is recommended to participate in the University of Michigan exchange program with the University of Uppsala, Sweden.

103. Elementary Swedish. (4). (LR).

For students with little or no previous knowledge of Swedish, this course provides a basic introduction to Swedish vocabulary and grammar, with the emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading and writing. The students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, assignments and tests. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. Cost:2 WL:1 (Olvegård)

233. Second-Year Swedish. Swedish 104. (4). (LR).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Swedish language. The emphasis is on speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral and written commentary) from contemporary Swedish literature, such as fiction, lyrics, news articles, etc. All instruction will be in Swedish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on the basis of class participation and tests. Students needing Swedish 103 and 104 or the equivalent for entry into this course can meet the prerequisite by passing an examination given by the instructor. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. Cost:2 WL:4 (Olvegård)

430. Colloquium in Scandinavian Literature. Reading knowledge of Swedish. (3). (Excl). May be elected twice for credit.
Section 001 Colloquium in Scandinavian Culture and Literature.
For students with two years of Swedish (Elementary and Second-Year Swedish) or the equivalent. All writing, reading and talking will be in Swedish. At the end of the course the students will improve his/her speaking skills in Swedish and will have a better understanding of Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries, in different aspects: culture, history, politics, social life, etc. Authentic Swedish texts will be used as a bases for oral and written analyses and for classroom discussions. Grades will be based on class participation, written assignment and oral presentations. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden. Cost:1 (Olvegård)

Scandinavian Courses in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of a Scandinavian language.

331. Introduction to Scandinavian Civilization. (3). (HU).

The course provides the opportunity to become acquainted with the society and culture of modern Scandinavia: Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, and Iceland. No knowledge of a Scandinavian language is required. Readings and lectures are in English. Several lectures are by guest specialists in history, social issues, the arts and literature. Students will research current topics on Scandinavia for class discussion, write two papers and final examination. Grades are based on class participation, papers and final. Cost:3 WL:1 (Marzolf)

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