Slavic Languages and Literatures

Courses in Russian (Division 466)


101. First-Year Russian. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103 or 111. (4). (LR).

In this course the student is introduced to the basics of Russian pronunciation and grammar. The course begins with an intensive study of the Russian sound system and orthographic rules (the alphabet and correct spelling). Students spend an average of 1.5 hours a day working in the language lab in the first few weeks of the course. After the basics of pronunciation and spelling are mastered, the course turns to the basics of the Russian grammar and the nature of the homework shifts. Now students spend two hours each week in the language lab, and do an average of 1-1.5 hours a night writing exercises. The class is supplemented by video shows and slide shows. This class, just as Russian 102, 201, and 202 has evening exams. Students who intend to concentrate in Russian Language and Literature or in Russian and East European Studies might consider taking the intensive class, Russian 103. Textbook: Russian, Stage I by Bitekhina, Davidson, and others. Cost:2 WL:4

102. First-Year Russian, Continued. Russian 101 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103, 111, or 112. (4). (LR).

In this course, the sequel to Russian 101, students continue their survey of Russian grammar, expand their vocabulary and learn to express themselves in Russian about topics of interest including Russian and Soviet history and culture. The class is supplemented by video shows and slide shows. Students are expected to spend at least two hours a week listening to tapes in the language lab and to complete 1-1.5 hours of written homework every night. This course entails three hourly exams which are given in the evening over the course of the term. Textbook: Russian, Stage I by Bitekhina, Davidson, and others. Cost:2 WL:4

103/RC Core 193. Intensive First-Year Russian. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, 111, or 112. (8). (LR).

This course covers in one term what is ordinarily covered in two terms in Russian 101 and 102. The course carries eight credit hours which is over half the average underclass academic load and is designed for highly motivated students who wish to acquire rapid mastery of Russian. This course is especially recommended for students intending to choose a concentration in Russian Language and Literature or Russian and East European Studies. Students are expected to complete approximately 16 to 20 hours of homework per week, including three to four hours in the language laboratory. Cost:3 WL:3 (A.Makin)

105. Spoken Russian I. Russian 101 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 102. (1). (Excl).

Russian 105, 106, and 107 are designed for students who wish to supplement their work in Russian grammar classes with more conversation practice. The courses meet for one hour per week, and are one credit hour. Students are expected to be prepared to converse on assigned topics. The conversation courses are recommended for those students considering a concentration in Russian, or for students from the Center for Russian and East European Studies. These courses are calibrated to move together with the regular Russian grammar courses, and are limited in size to 15 students, assuring all those interested have the opportunity to speak up in Russian. Generally 105 is appropriate for students in Russian 102, 106 for students in Russian 201, and 107 for students in 202 or even 301. An individual oral evaluation at the beginning of the course, and again at the completion, serves to provide a basis for the final grade. Participation is heavily considered in the final grade. Cost:1 WL:3 (Shishkoff)

106. Spoken Russian II. Russian 102 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 201. (1). (Excl).

Conversation practice course for students in Russian 201. See description for Russian 105.

107. Spoken Russian III. Russian 201 or equivalent; student must be concurrently enrolled in Russian 202. (1). (Excl).

Conversation practice course for students in Russian 202. See description for Russian 105.

201. Second-Year Russian. Russian 102 or 103 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 203. (4). (LR).

This course reviews and expands grammatical concepts first covered during the First-Year Russian (101 and 102) courses, focusing on verbal aspect, declension, and the verbs of placement. The course also emphasizes speaking and listening skills. Students are expected to complete 8-12 hours of homework per week. Textbook: Russian, Stage II by C. Martin and J. Sokolova. Cost:3 WL:4

202. Second-Year Russian, Continued. Russian 201 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 203. (4). (LR).

This course assumes students' knowledge of the fundamentals of Russian grammar, and involves a comprehensive study of the declension of numbers, the use of verbs of motion (with and without spatial prefixes), the formation and usage of participles and gerunds. Students read and write texts of increasing complexity, discussing Russian and Soviet history, culture and other topics of interest. The course requires 8-12 hours of homework per week. Russian, Stage II by C. Martin and J. Sokolova Cost:3 WL:4 (Shishkoff)

301. Third-Year Russian. Russian 202 or equivalent and satisfactory scores on a proficiency test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 303. (4). (Excl).

Third-year Russian starts with the assumption that the basic aspects of the language have been assimilated, and therefore emphasizes practical skills reading, writing, and speaking. Difficult grammatical points are reviewed, vocabulary is greatly enlarged, idiomatic constructions are studied. It is a recitation course and students are asked to participate in class discussion and give oral reports. Students are evaluated on the basis of both their oral and written performance. Cost:2 WL:4 (Milman)

401. Fourth-Year Russian. Russian 302 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 403. (4). (Excl).

Russian 401 is offered during the Fall Term and Russian 402 is offered during the Winter Term of every academic year. Prerequisites: three years of Russian (minimum). Work in class and in the language lab covers the following: advanced Russian phonetics, reading of various texts, compositions and oral reports. Work in grammar covers Russian verbal prefixes and aspects, a review of the verbs of motion, particles and verbal adverbs. Progress is checked by examinations and term papers. (Milman)

414. Political Russian. Russian 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course is planned for advanced Russian students, who are oriented toward economics and politics. In particular juniors and seniors seeking experience in political science or political studies. Emphasis will be placed on the specialized vocabulary of politics and international affairs. The text is POLITICAL RUSSIAN, by Simes and Robin with audio-tapes. Weekly quizzes, final. Cost:2 (Milman)

415. Analysis of Contemporary Spoken Russian. Russian 402 or 403, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Russian 415 emphasizes difficult aspects of the Russian language, such as colloquial Russian, idioms and set phrases, and practical stylistics as an instrument of style. Students read short stories by different Russian authors, plays, articles from newspapers and magazines, view popular Russian films of different eras, and write compositions, soap operas and filmscripts. Students are evaluated on the basis of both oral and written performance, as well as on oral reports and presentations.

417. Contemporary Russian Culture. Russian 302 or the equivalent. The course is conducted in Russian. (3). (Excl).

A course of lectures and discussions, conducted in Russian, designed to acquaint students with various aspects of contemporary culture in Russia. Special attention will be devoted to the development of all four major skills in the use of the Russian language. Assignments will include readings from contemporary writings (from belles lettres to journalism), viewing and listening to electronic media, and extended oral and written presentations. (Makin)


231/UC 174. Russian Culture and Society: An Introduction. (3). (HU).

Despite the raising of the Iron Curtain at the end of the 1980s, Russia continues to remain "a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma." This course provides an opportunity to explore in detail the paradoxes of a society which has produced some of the world's most barbaric rulers and some of its finest artists, writers and musicians. We will be examining the evolution of Russian culture from the 10th century to the present day. The approach will be interdisciplinary: lectures will alternate with video presentations and classes in which we will listen to music or look at slides of paintings. During the term we will be ranging from the art of the Russian icon to the role of the avant-garde in the 1917 Revolution, and from the prose of Dostoevsky to the music of Shostakovich. We will be seeking to establish connections between the art, music and literature of each time period in order to reveal how similar themes and ideas surfaced in different media, and to deepen our understanding of the way in which Russian culture has developed. This course is designed to appeal to students with no background in Russian studies, and to those thinking about becoming Russian concentrators. Cost:3 (Bartlett)

351. Introduction to Russian Literature. Russian 202 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to Russian prose (selected short stories and excerpts from novels) of the 19th and 20th centuries. Classes are conducted in Russian. There are two take-home essays (in Russian), a midterm and a final (partly in English). Class discussion is encouraged. There are also oral presentations (one per student) on individual authors (life and work). The course increases vocabulary, reading speed, written and oral fluency, while developing literary-analytical skills. (Humesky)

449. Twentieth-Century Russian Literature. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (HU).

This historical survey of Russian literature from 1890 to 1921 covers the final achievements of realism and the response to modernism in the later works of Tolstoy and Chekhov, the art of symbolism, the post-symbolist currents in poetry and prose, and the major literary events of the first post-revolutionary years both in the USSR and in exile. The required reading includes English translations of representative poems by Soloviev, Briusov, Balmont, Merezhkovsky, Hippius, Sologub, Blok, Belyi, Viacheslav Ivanov, Annensky, Kuzmin, Khodasevich, Gumilev, Akhmatova, Mandelstam, Khlebnikov, Maiakovsky, Pasternak, Tsvetaeva, and Esenin. Students select their own readings in prose and drama out of an extensive list of titles ranging from Soloviev's Three Conversations through Belyi's Petersburg to Zamiatin's WE. Midterm and a final take-home examination. (Ronen)

451/RC Hums. 451. Survey of Russian Literature. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (HU).

The focus in this course is on the masterpieces of Russian fiction written between 1820 and 1870, now universally regarded as classics of world literature. Detailed analyses of the major novels and short stories written during this period by Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev, Goncharov, Dostoevsky and Tolstoy (including Crime and Punishment and War and Peace ) will be accompanied by an examination of the life and literary careers of these writers and an exploration of the social and intellectual milieu in which their works were produced. Introductory lectures will trace the development of Russian literature from its beginnings in the llth century and explore the particular factors which shaped its extraordinary destiny in the nineteenth century. The assigned readings will include the most important 19th-century Russian novel written by a woman: Karolina Pavlova's A Double Life. Cost:2 WL:1 (Bartlett)

454. Russian Poetry to 1840. Thorough knowledge of Russian. (3). (Excl).

Close reading of the major Russian poets from Polocky to Lermontov. Discussion of literary trends and polemics pertaining to style, themes and general orientation of a given period.

456. Russian Drama Through Chekhov. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (Excl).

Russian society has been described as an eminently theatrical one. What is the relevance of theatre in everyday life? How does laughter transform an audience? This course will seek to define the role of drama and theatre in nineteenth century Russia. Through close readings of the masterpieces of Russian drama (including Pushkin, Gogol, and Checkhov) and an analysis of selected theatrical events in the history of Russian stage, we will investigate different kinds of laughter the Russian comedy elicits. Particular attention will be given to Checkhov's transformation of the comedy to express the problems of incipient modernity. We will also discuss American productions of Russian plays and seek to capture their relevance to us. Whenever possible this course will include the presentation of major performances through slides or video. (Schönle)

462. Dostoevsky. A knowledge of Russian is not required. (3). (HU).

A detailed examination of the literary career and major fiction of Fedor Dostoevskii. His novels and short stories, including Poor Folk, The Double, Notes from the Underground, Crime and Punishment, The Devils, and The Brothers Karamazov are read and analyzed. His contribution to literary and literary-political discussions of the time is assessed. Two papers, two examinations. Lectures, with discussion encouraged. Cost:2 WL:1 (Makin)

Courses in Czech (Division 355)

141. First-Year Czech. (4). (LR).

This is a beginner's course in the essentials of grammar and pronunciation. Daily preparation, quizzes and tests and the language lab are required of all students. Cost:1 (Brodska)

Courses in Polish (Division 447)


121. First-Year Polish. (4). (LR).

Introductory course presenting basic grammatical information and vocabulary. Constant oral drill and practice. Regular use of language laboratory. During the second term short Polish stories and poems are read as part of the classwork, and conversations and discussions in Polish are introduced at an elementary level. Cost:1 WL:4

221. Second-Year Polish. Polish 122 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course builds on work done in 121-122, First-Year Polish, and assumes a good knowledge of the grammatical structure of the language. Emphasis is placed first on reading Polish and second on developing increased competence in speaking and writing.

321. Third-Year Polish. Two years of Polish or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course builds substantially on work done in 221-222, Second-Year Polish. Emphasis on recognizing and practicing various styles: writing business and personal letters; scholarly and artistic prose; poetry; idiomatic, contemporary slang; and translation for publication. Emphasis on speaking.


432. Topics in Polish Literature. Juniors, Seniors, and Graduate students. A knowledge of Polish is not required. (2). (Excl). May be elected for credit for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 Modern Polish Literature.
A study of the major trends in modern Polish literature through an examination of representative works by leading twentieth-century Polish writers. The course will present modern Polish literature in a European context, and will stress parallels in philosophy and art. At the same time, the student will gain an appreciation of the originality of Polish literature thorough acquaintance with the peculiar historical and political situation of twentieth-century Poland. All readings in ENGLISH. No prerequisites. (Carpenter)

Courses in Serbo-Croatian (Division 473)

231. Second-Year Serbo-Croatian. Serbo-Croatian 132 or the equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course builds on work done in 131-132, First-Year Serbo-Croatian, and assumes a good knowledge of the grammatical structure of the language. Emphasis is placed first on reading Serbo-Croatian and second on developing increased competence in speaking and writing. Opportunities are provided outside the classroom for conversation as well as for cultural activities (video, film, folk dance, food, etc.) Cost:1 WL:5, Ask at Slavic Dept. tel. 764-5355 or in pers. at 3040 MLB (Stolz)

Courses in Ukrainian (Division 494)

251. Second-Year Ukrainian. Ukrainian 152 or the equivalent. (4). (LR).

This course involves reading, composition, and grammar review. Texts will include contemporary Ukrainian prose and poetry. Conducted in Ukrainian. One midterm exam and a final will be given.


225/UC 173. Arts and Cultures of Central Europe. (3). (HU).

The course is an introduction to the rich cultures of the peoples of Central Europe (Croats, Czechs, Hungarians, Jews, Poles, Serbs, and Slovaks) seen against the background of two world wars, communism, and its recent disintegration. Culturally vibrant, Central Europe reveals the tragic destiny of twentieth-century civilization which gave rise to two totalitarian systems: fascism and communism. The course will outline the ethnic complexities of the region, with special attention to Jewish culture and its tragic destruction during the Holocaust. The trauma of the war on civilian population will be documented by contemporary films. The course will examine the fate of culture under totalitarianism, and study subterfuges used by novelists, dramatists and artists to circumvent political control and censorship. Students will read works by Kafka, Milosz, Kundera and Havel, see movies by Wajda and others, become acquainted with Czech and Polish avant-garde art and music, and the unique cultural atmosphere of Central European cities: Vienna, Prague, Budapest and Warsaw. (Carpenter, Eagle, Toman)

313/RC Hums. 313. Russian Cinema. (3). (HU).
Section 001 Russian Cinema.
In the 1920's Russian filmmakers armed with bold new ideas about cinematic art created the theory of film montage and through it a decade of acknowledged masterpieces. In the 1930's experimentation gave way to an officially sanctioned "socialist realist" art, ideologically dogmatic and oriented toward the regime's specific political and social goals. However, after Stalin's death experimentation and diversity reemerged in Soviet cinema. Although "socialist realism" remained the officially sanctioned style, directors were able to reintroduce personal themes, and, more subtly, religious and philosophical issues. The 1980's saw the reemergence of a variety of approaches (from documentary "naturalism" to symbolist allegory, from satire and parody to the grotesque) and open political and social criticism in the spirit of glasnost. Distinctive styles emerged in Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, and Kazakhstan. Films such as MY FRIEND IVAN LAPSHIN (1985), REPENTANCE (1986), LITTLE VERA (1988), TAXI BLUES (1990), and THE PROMISED HEAVENS (1991), examined with amazing frankness the dismal economic and spiritual consequences of the Stalin-Brezhnev years and the problems facing Russia in the 1990's. The course will examine this rich history, in terms of both themes and styles. Evaluation will be based on contributions to class discussion and three short (5-7 page) critical papers. Cost:3 (Eagle)

395/REES 395/Pol. Sci. 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of Russia: The Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Successor States. (4). (SS).

See REES 395.

483. Fundamentals of Slavic Linguistics. (3). (Excl).

The course provides a general survey of linguistic approaches to the Slavic languages. Topics include the fundamentals of phonetic, phonological, morphological and syntactic analysis. A modern theoretical approach will be used, and the presentation will be balanced between diachronic (historical) and synchronic (descriptive) treatment of the languages, including adequate discussion of standardization. The course is also appropriate for undergraduate Russian concentrators in both junior and senior years. Grading will be based on class participation, oral reports and written tests. Cost:1 WL:5, Ask at Slavic Dept. tel 764-5355 or in pers. at 3040 MLB (Stolz)


171/Armenian 171. First-Year Armenian. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with no previous knowledge of Armenian. Reading, writing and speaking are equally emphasized. Homework assignments and listening to tapes on a regular basis, frequent short tests and a final examination are required. Overall performance throughout the year/term and in the final examination and compliance with requirements will determine the grade. (Bardakjian)

271/Armenian 271. Second-Year Armenian. Armenian 172. (4). (LR).

This course concentrates on reading Armenian texts with commentaries on grammatical and stylistic points, and an equal emphasis on conversation and frequent written work. Grade is based on performance, attendance and a final examination. The reading material consists of the literature appended to Bardakjian's and Thomson's A TEXTBOOK OF MODERN WESTERN ARMENIAN and a course pack. Cost:2 (Bardakjian)

415/Armenian 415. The Roots of Christian Armenian Tradition: An Introduction to Old Armenian Literature. (3). (Excl).

See Armenian Studies 415. (Bardakjian)

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