Near Eastern Studies

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) (Division 314)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

See APTIS 100.

101(ABS 201). Elementary Biblical Hebrew I. (3). (LR).

The purpose of this and the complementary course, 102: Elementary Biblical Hebrew II (Winter Term), is to equip the beginning student with the tools necessary for reading the Hebrew Bible. The course will introduce the student to the grammar of biblical Hebrew; its phonology (the study of speech sounds), morphology (the study of word formation), and syntax (the study of phrase and sentence formation). In addition to mastering the grammar, the student will need to acquire a sizeable working vocabulary of the language, for competency in grammar and lexicon best facilitates the goal of reading the biblical text. The grading will be based on corrected daily assignments (i.e., the exercises), 13-14 announced quizzes (one class day advance notice), a final comprehensive exam, as well as attendance and participation. The daily assignments will comprise 25% of the grade, the best 10 quizzes 25% the final exam 25% and attendance and participation 25%.

201(ABS 401). Intermediate Biblical Hebrew, I. ACABS 102. (3). (LR).

This course is an introduction to the literature of the Hebrew Bible. Texts representing different literary genres and dating from different periods will be read in the original. Students will be introduced to the history of the text of the Hebrew Bible and the problems of its translation and interpretation. Special emphasis will be placed on refining the student's knowledge of Biblical Hebrew through the study of Hebrew syntax. Required books are (1) a copy of the Biblica Hebraica, and (2) a proper dictionary of classical Hebrew. (Krahmalkov)

322(GNE 363)/Hist. 307/Rel. 359. History and Religion of Ancient Judaism. May be elected independently of ACABS 321. (3). (HU).

The course covers the history and religion of ancient Judaism from the Babylonian exile (6th century BCE) to the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism (3rd century CE). The liveliness of the period is testified by its many names. For the Jew, it was the "Second Temple Period" the cradle of Jewish civilization. For the Christian, it was the "intertestamental period" between the Old and New Testament the age in which Jesus was born and the Church arose. For the historian, it was all that and much more. It was an age of great conflicts, in which the Jewish people had to face powerful neighbors and rulers: the Egyptians and the Babylonians, the Persians, the Greeks, and the Romans. But it was also an age of great creativeness, in which different varieties of Judaism (including early Christian movement) developed sophisticated and lasting theologies and restlessly struggled for supremacy or simply survival. During these centuries, the Jewish people found the resources to define their identity and traditions, and two of the most important world religions of our times, Judaism and Christianity, experienced their formative age. During these centuries, the philosophical West met the religious East, laying the foundations of our civilization. Studying this period is a fascinating voyage of self-understanding into the roots of our different pasts as Jews, Christians, and even Americans all modern children of a history that started many centuries ago in the Middle East. (Boccaccini)

411(ABS 521). Introduction to Akkadian. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Introduction to the Semitic language of ancient Babylonia and to the cuneiform writing system. The first term (this course) concentrates on a basic presentation of grammar, and the second term on the reading of several ancient texts in cuneiform. Grammatical lectures, student recitation, homework assignments. Weekly quizzes, midterm, and final examinations. Cost:2 WL:3 (Beckman)

581(ABS 511). Ugaritic, I. ACABS 102. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the language and literature of ancient Ugarit, a city on the coast of Syria destroyed ca.1200 B.C. The texts provide a glimpse of the sagas and myths of the culture of ancient Canaan to which belongs the Phoenician and Israelite. (Krahmalkov)

591. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies . (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Comparative Semitics.
This course will consist of lectures and presentations providing a linguistic description and analysis of Hebrew. Participants in the course must have a good working knowledge of either Hebrew or some other Semitic language, ancient or modern, for purposes of analysis. Principles of Comparative and Historical linguistics will be presented, and the problems of historical reconstrution will be considered. Students will be required to provide a class presentation and a final written paper. Cost:1 (Schramm)

Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (APTIS) (Division 325)

100(GNE 100/101)/ACABS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

As an introduction to the Middle East, this course examines the various elements that contribute to socio-political formations in the Middle East. By studying the region's literature, music, art, and film students can examine the important role that the construction of cultural boundaries has played in the political and economic formations of the region. Rather than examining the issues of ethnic and political strife from the vantage point of diplomatic history alone, this class adapts an interdisciplinary approach. The seemingly rigid basis for ethnic and national identification is called into question through the study of feminism, orientalism and colonialism in the Middle Eastern setting. Students will take a midterm and a final examination. Cost:2

101(Arabic 101). Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (4). (LR).

This is the first course of a two-term sequence in elementary Arabic. It is designed for non-concentrators and those who need Arabic to fulfill the language requirement. It provides an introduction to the phonology and script of Modem Standard Arabic and its basic vocabulary and fundamental structures. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading and writing. There will be focus on simple interactive communicative tasks involving teacher-student, student-student and group interactions. Reading and cultural skills are developed through simple short texts and situational dialogues. There will be daily written assignments involving supplying answers to certain drills and questions on reading comprehension passages, filling out forms and writing short messages and paragraphs. Evaluation will be based on class participation, weekly achievement tests, monthly comprehensive tests, and a final exam. Regular use of the language laboratory or recorded tapes for home use is required to reinforce class work and also to do the recorded assignments. Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Standard Arabic Phonology and Script by McCarus-Rammuny, (2) Elementary Modem Standard Arabic Part one by Abboud et al. (Lessons 1-10), Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to accompany EMSA by R. Rammuny and (4) Standard Achievement Tests to accompany EMSA by R. Rammuny. Cost:2 WL:3 (Rammuny)

103(Arabic 221/201). Intensive Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($16) required.

The sequence of Arabic 103 and 104 is designed for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to use Arabic at an accelerated rate. It is primarily intended for highly-motivated students who want to study Arabic for academic purposes. Arabic 103 starts with an intensive introduction to Arabic phonology and script combined with oral basic communication practice. This is followed by short reading selections and situational dialogues including basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical structures. The course offers combined training in the four language skills, plus practice in using the Arabic dictionary. Course requirements include daily preparation of the basic texts and grammatical explanations, extensive oral and written practice utilizing newly learned vocabulary and structures, and written assignments. These assignments involve answers to certain drills and reading comprehension questions, filling out short forms and supplying short messages and biographical information. Course evaluation is based on class participation, daily written assignments, weekly achievement tests, monthly comprehensive tests and a final prochievement examination. Textbooks: (1) Programmed Course in Modern Standard Arabic Phonology and Script by McCarus-Rammuny, (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. Part One by Abboud et al. (Lessons 1-15), (3) Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and (4) Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Cost:2 WL:3 (Khaldieh)

141(Iranian 201). Elementary Persian, I. (4). (LR).

Persian has been called the French of the Near/Middle East. Certainly, Persia/Iran has been in the news. Persian is an Indo-European language, related to English, etc. Its literature, as in other arts, is a major part of Near/Middle Eastern and Muslim tradition. Persian 141 is the first term of a four term sequence. It takes the student through to the basic mastery of the skills of reading and writing, and of comprehension and speaking. Cultural as well as communicative skills are emphasized. By the end of the term the student should be well versed in these skills. Individual student by the instructor to polish and improve the student's Persian language skills. The objective is language use. Students who have special needs, such as those acquiring the knowledge of Persian for reading purposes, only, or for communicative skills, only, will be given special attention, and special sessions. Similarly, students of Iranian heritage, who may know some Persian in its colloquial form, will find the linguistic and cultural content of this course stimulating.

151(Turkish 201). Elementary Turkish, I. (4). (LR).

Part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish language, this course aims at introducing and providing the opportunity to practice the basic structures of Turkish. Although it specifically focuses on enhancing spoken proficiency, reading and writing skill will be emphasized through written assignments. Students are evaluated on the basis of class participation, achievement on the weekly quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. The required text is H.Sebuktekin Turkish for Foreigners (available in departmental office).

153(Turkish 153). Elementary Uzbek. (4). (Excl).

This course will introduce students to spoken and literary Uzbek, a Turkish language which is primarily spoken in the newly independent Republic of Uzbekistan. Instruction will be proficiency-based, and will include components of conversation, grammar and syntax practice, composition and translation. There are no prerequisites. Cost:2

201(Arabic 201/231). Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 102. (4). (LR).

Arabic 201 continues the process of acquiring proficiency in Modern Standard Arabic. Reading, listening, writing and speaking skills are developed through short texts, drill practice and interactive exercise and activities. Required outside homework includes daily written assignments and regular use of the tapes that accompany the course text. Evaluation is based on class participation, quizzes, tests, and a final examination. Textbooks: (1) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic (EMSA) Part One (Lessons 21-30), (2) Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and (3) Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Cost:2 WL:3 (Kalliel)

241(Iranian 401). Intermediate Persian, I. APTIS 142. (4). (LR).

Persian has been called the French of the Near/Middle East. It is an Indo-European language, related to English, etc. Lack, or partial lack, of the knowledge of the monumental historical achievements of Iran is not only due to inadequate coverage by the media, but also to some first and second generation Iranians' failure to inform their children. This course invites students with interest in world affairs, and those children, and emphasizes not only language, but culture. APTIS 241 continues 141/142. Its objective is to lead the student to the improved mastery of the four language skills, viz. comprehension, reading, and speaking and writing. During the course, the student will learn higher levels of language registers, will be exposed to samples of Persian patterns of communicative skills via dialog, samples of expository prose, and of literature. Emphasis is on the use of Persian in these four skills. In addition, multi-media exposure, including video and news material via SCOLA and other means are utilized. Persian is the language of the class, with occasional discussions of linguistic matters in English. Cost:1 WL:1 (Windfuhr)

251(Turkish 401). Intermediate Turkish, I. APTIS 152. (4). (LR).

Part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish, Turkish 251 is offered only in the Fall Term and Turkish 252 only in the Winter Term. The course is designed for students who have completed either Turkish 152 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It emphasizes further study of Turkish grammar and stresses development of comprehension, and oral and written expression through the use of selected materials relating to Turkish culture and collected in a course pack. A strongly recommended text for the course is G.L.Lewis' Turkish Grammar (Oxford University Press, 1967 or later editions). Student evaluation is based on class performance, written work, a midterm and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Stewart-Robinson)

253(Turkish 253). Intermediate Uzbek I. APTIS 154. (4). (Excl).

In the second year Uzbek course, students will continue to study modern spoken and literary Uzbek. The course will review grammar that students learned in introductory Uzbek, and introduce more complex structures of grammar and syntax. Elements of the course will include reading modern Uzbek prose, conversation, composition and translation. Instruction will be proficiency-based. Cost:2

403(Arabic 421/401). Advanced Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 104 or 202. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($7) required.

This course emphasizes the use of Arabic language. That is, students will develop the ability to: (1) communicate/speak in Arabic with native speakers of Arabic; (2) understand spoken Arabic; (3) read and understand selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction as well as Arabic newspapers and magazines; and (4) enhance writing skills. Use of Arabic is emphasized throughout the whole course based on communicative approaches to learning. Course grade is based on class attendance and participation, written assignments, weekly quizzes and tests, and a final exam. Required text: Peter Abboud, et al., Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Part II (lessons 30-45), Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Successful completion of Arabic 403 will fulfill the LS&A language requirement. (Khaldieh)

415(Arabic 413). Colloquial Egyptian Arabic, I. Arab. 202 or 405; or permission of instructor. (3). (LR).

The course teaches the basic principles of pronunciation and grammar of colloquial Egyptian Arabic through a variety of situational dialogues. The students are provided with opportunities to practice speaking Egyptian through the use of highly structured drills and communicative activities. The course meets three hours weekly for three credit hours. The course is recommended for students who plan to travel or work in Egypt and those who need Arabic for immediate oral use. This course is accompanied by tape recordings and is taught by a native speaker of the dialect. Grades are based on classroom performance, monthly tests and the final examination. Text: Course pack to be distributed. Cost:1 WL:3 (Rammuny)

451(Turkish 411). Introductory Ottoman Turkish, I. APTIS 152. (3). (Excl).

Part of the sequence of courses required of concentrators, MA and Ph.D. candidates. The objective is to have speedy access to the printed word in Ottoman Turkish in the Arabic script. Method of instruction is through the study of texts while reviewing the Arabic and Persian elements in the language. It is intended for those studying Turkish for the purpose of reading Ottoman texts and archives. Cost:1 WL:3 (Stewart-Robinson)

461(GNE 442)/Hist. 442. The First Millennium of the Islamic Near East. Junior standing. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

See History 442. (Bonner and Lindner)

469(GNE 489). Islamic Intellectual History. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

The course will examine the major fields of Islamic intellectual endeavor including Qur'anic interpretation, Islamic law, dialectical theology, mysticism, philosophy, and scholarly polemics. They will be explored on the basis on of the works of their principal representatives such as al-Tabari, al-Shafi'i, al-Ash'ari, Ibn al-'Arabi, Ibn Rushd, al-Shahrastani, Muhammad Abduh, etc. We will focus on how these diverse fields have conceived of God and the relationship between Him and His creatures. The course will be taught in English. There are no prerequisites but students are expected to have some familiarity with Islam as a religious tradition. The method of instruction is lectures and discussions. Evaluation will be based on two or three take-home papers, a midterm exam, an in-class presentation, and a term research paper. Cost:3 (Knysh)

485(GNE 445). Classical Near Eastern Literature. Taught in English. (3). (HU).

The seventh-century A.D. irruption of the Arabs out of their peninsula had considerable impact on the arts of the Near East, especially in the literary arts. Armed with a well developed poetic system and fortified by Islam, they blended well with the existing literary systems of the Persians and Turks. This course surveys the literary creations of the Arabs, Persians and Turks from the fifth to the eighteenth century and includes a section that focuses on similar developments in Hebrew. Each of the four literatures is taught by a different faculty member. Student evaluation is by examination or essays (graduates students are required to prepare and additional paper). The required texts are specially selected, and either photocopied and available in course packs or placed on reserve in the library. There are no prerequisites, but APTIS 100 is recommended. Cost:2 WL:3 (Stewart-Robinson)

494(GNE 435). Literary Analysis and Theory. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

The study of Near Eastern literatures from the viewpoint of contemporary literary theories is fairly new. This course offers an introduction to that study. The emphasis will be on the practical application of major literary theories. These will be surveyed in the first part of the course, together with analysis done and discussed jointly by the class. In the second half of the course, the major Near Eastern literatures, ancient or modern, will be introduced, and sample texts jointly analyzed, with emphasis on the literatures represented by the participants. Participants will take turns in presenting assigned readings, taking minutes, and analyzing assigned texts and, later, texts of their choice. The latter will form the basis for their term paper. Evaluation will be on these assignments and class participation. (Windfuhr)

541(Iranian 541). Classical Persian Texts. APTIS 242. Taught in English. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course involves the reading and literary analysis of texts from major authors of the classical period (ca. 950-1500) and includes basic skills in reading aloud and the use of the rules of prosody in scansion and interpretation of poetry texts. It will include shorter or longer passages from such writers as Ferdowsi, Nezami, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez, Bayhaqi, Nezami-ye Aruzi, and others, according to the interests of the class and the instructor. There are midterm and final exams. The texts are in the form of a photocopied course pack.

553(Turkish 501). Modern Turkish Readings. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

Since this course is part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish, admission to it is dependent on satisfactory completion of Turkish 402 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It is designed to further develop reading and comprehension competence in a variety of modern Turkish styles; newspaper and learned articles, political tracts, government publications, etc. The method of instruction is through recitation including preparation, reading and oral or written translation of texts in class or at home with discussion of grammar, style and content. Students are evaluated on their class preparation, a midterm and a final examination. Among the texts used are A.Tietze's Advanced Turkish Reading and a collection of xeroxed materials. Cost:1 WL:3 (Stewart-Robinson)

567(Arabic 543). Readings in Classical Islamic Texts. Arabic 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

This course focuses on the analytical reading of Classical Arabic texts from different fields of Islamic tradition. Priority will be given to medieval Arabic works dealing with the Qur'an, hadith, biography, theology, law, and Islamic mysticism. We shall read and analyze the texts, discuss their authors as well as the religio-political context in which they were written. Special attention will be given to Arabic grammar and Islamic scholarly terminology. Each student will be asked to choose an Arabic text related to his/her field of research, distribute its copies among the other members of the class, whereupon he/she will lead one reading and discussion section devoted to the text in question. Evaluation will be based on class participation and a final exam (translation from Arabic). Cost:1 (Knysh)

591. Topics in APTIS. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Comparative Semantics.
This course will consist of lectures and presentations providing a linguistic description and analysis of Hebrew. Participants in the course must have a good working knowledge of either Hebrew or some other Semitic language, ancient or modem, for purposes of analysis. Principles of Comparative and Historical linguistics will be presented, and the problems of historical reconstruction will be considered. Students will be required to provide a class presentation and a final written paper. Cost:1 (Schramm)

Hebrew and Judaic Cultural Studies (HJCS) (Division 389)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/ACABS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

See APTIS 100.

296/Judaic Studies 296/Religion 296. Perspectives on the Holocaust. (4). (HU).

A study of the Holocaust as a historical event and its impact on Jewish thought and culture. We will first focus on historical context: the European Jewish community on the eve of the destruction, and the events leading up to and culminating in that destruction. We will then focus on inner Jewish (and Gentile) reactions to the Holocaust, and broader philosophical and ethical implications. We ask: What are the problems (moral, emotional, conceptual) in reading and writing about the Holocaust? What are its implications for those of us who come "after"? The course is also a meditation on visions of the Other, on ethnic-religious hatred, tolerance, and healing. Memoirs, poetry, fiction, psychological literature, as well as theology, music, film and architecture will be explored; and conversations with survivors. Take-home midterm; final exam or project; 6-10 page paper; journal option. Cost:3-4 WL:1 (Ginsburg)

301(Hebrew 401). Advanced Hebrew, I. HJCS 202. (3). (Excl).

The course materials consist of texts from Modern Hebrew prose: fiction and non-fiction. Writing and speaking skills will be enhanced through a series of related assignments. Review of basic language structures and enrichment of vocabulary are among the objectives of the course. Evaluation of work will be based on active participation in the course, timely completion of assignments, quizzes and a midterm and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:3 (Bernstein)

471(Hebrew 451). Introduction to Modern Hebrew Literature, I. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

Texts will be selected from a variety of Hebrew writers of the 20th century. Basic literary concepts and methods of analysis of texts will be covered in this course. Reading selections will reflect a variety of genres of Modern Hebrew literature. Evaluation of work will be based on active participation in the course, timely completion of assignments, and midterm, and a final examination. (Bernstein)

477(GNE 478)/Jud. Stud. 478/Rel. 478. Modern Jewish Thought. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

An exploration of selected 20th century Jewish thinkers and their response to the crisis of modernity (and post-modernity): the breakdown of traditional Jewish culture and its system of meaning; the encounter with, and assimilation of, Western culture; the impact of the traumas of World War I and the Holocaust; and the contemporary quest for intimacy and tikkun, or "restoration." Authors studied includ Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, AJ Heschel, and the radical theologian Richard Rubenstein; the Hebrew authors Bialik and Agnon; the feminist theologian Judith Plaskow; and the mystically inflected work of Arthur Green. Lecture and discussion; take-home midterm; 10-15 page paper paper; final. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ginsburg)

lsa logo

University of Michigan | College of LS&A | Student Academic Affairs | LS&A Bulletin Index

This page maintained by LS&A Academic Information and Publications, 1228 Angell Hall

The Regents of the University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA +1 734 764-1817

Trademarks of the University of Michigan may not be electronically or otherwise altered or separated from this document or used for any non-University purpose.