Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

An overview of some classic texts of Western political thought, including Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Plato, Machiavelli, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Burke, and Mill. Among the questions to be discussed: is it good for people to participate in politics? or does it require them to be immoral scoundrels? What (if anything) makes state authority legitimate? What are "conservatives" and "liberals" disagreeing about? (Herzog)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course examines how democracy evolves and functions in different settings. We start with the emergence of democracy in Western Europe, examining the factors that give rise to it and help it survive. We then examine the origins of fascism in Germany and Japan; and the rise of communism in Russia and China, attempting to understand why these alternatives to democracy flourished in those settings and why they later collapsed. This leads to an analysis of the current struggle between reformers and hardliners over the move to market economies and liberal democracy in Russia, China and Eastern Europe. Finally, we examine the probable evolution of democracy in advanced industrial societies. In addition to two lectures, there are two meetings a week in relatively small discussion sections, designed to encourage active discussion of these topics. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. Cost:3 WL:1 and 4 (Organski)

190. Freshman Seminar in Political Science. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Poverty and Public Policy.
This course will examine the nature and extent of poverty in the U.S., its causes and consequences and the antipoverty effects of existing and proposed government programs and policies. We will address the following questions: What is poverty? Who is the underclass? Why is poverty so persistent? How does growing up poor shape children's economic life chances? To what extent does labor market discrimination inhibit minorities' and women's chances of getting ahead? Is there a "culture of poverty" or "welfare culture"? Does welfare encourage family break-up and teen-births? Does teenage parenthood irreparably damage teenage girls' adult economic fortunes? Students will be required to write a short paper, one longer paper and to give one in-class presentation. The class will be combined lecture and discussion. Cost:3 WL:3 (Corcoran)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

This course will help you think about the relationships between yourself and politics in the United States. Learn about: (1) important social, economic and political issues of the day, including how an issue becomes "important;" (2) the political values and attitudes of the American public; (3) the conduct of political campaigns and elections. Confront these subjects from the perspectives of "What is..." and also "What ought to be...." Given our goals, scholarly readings are intermixed with articles about current issues, and our discussions often move freely from assigned readings to the latest news. Although intended primarily for non-political science concentrators, this is a serious course for serious students. The readings are extensive, and occasionally difficult. You will be expected to: stay current and master what you have read, attend lectures faithfully, participate in sections actively, and engage in additional learning activities outside of the class room. You will write papers, and you will be examined - carefully and regularly (2 midterms plus a final). Recommended: at least one prior political science course. Grades are based on a no-curve system. Cost:4 WL:1 (Markus)

395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of Russia: the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Successor States. (4). (SS).

See REES 395.

400. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The aim of this course is two-fold: (1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the end of the sixteenth century, and (2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the relation between nature and convention, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include two exams during the term and a final. Cost:4 WL:1

405. Political Philosophy of the Enlightenment. Pol. Sci. 101 or 403. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the political philosophy of Montesquieu, Rousseau, Hume, Diderot, and other 18th century Western European thinkers. Emphasis will be placed on the social, scientific, and cultural context in which their theories of political life and political power developed. Topics include: the relationship between knowledge or enlightenment and political interests; liberalism, republicanism, and the concept of the individual; social transformations of public space and civic identity. Previous coursework in political theory strongly recommended. Prerequisites: Pol Sci 101,403,or 422. Cost:3 (Wingrove)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This is a course on U.S. policy-making at the national level, focusing on the interaction of the executive and legislative branches.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: (1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of mass publics and elites (2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes in public opinions and participation. (3)Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: Midterm and final examinations, plus a term paper. The paper will involve original research. Cost:3 WL:1 (Jennings)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Legal Process combines the study of legal theory with selected case studies in American and comparative law. The course examines the nature of legal interpretation, the organization of legal institutions, the role of constitutions in structuring governments and legal systems, and the relation between law and politics. Readings in legal theory are interspersed with materials that show how legal institutions function in the United States, Germany, China and other polities. Through reading original materials and discussing them in class, students are expected to improve their abilities to relate theory and evidence and to learn to think more critically. Classes are run in modified "Socratic method" format, with heavy emphasis on class participation. Exams and papers require students to use their analytic skills to reason through the empirical and theoretical puzzles, developing their own arguments in response to the challenges of the subject matter. Cost:3 WL:1 (Scheppele)

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Prerequisites: Two courses in Political Science, or permission of instructor. This is a course in political science and political theory concerned with law. The course focuses on one of the most vital aspects of politics: interpreting and applying the nation's fundamental principles. It addresses (1) the role of language in grounding the legitimacy of the political order, (2) the ways (if any) in which that language is translated into reality, and (3) how those translations are justified. In connection with those general themes, we shall focus on three additional questions: (1) WHAT is the (or a) Constitution, (2) WHO are to be its authoritative interpreters, and (3) HOW are those interpreters to go about the business of interpreting? We shall take up topics such as judicial review, interdepartmental relations, federalism, the power to wage war, and constitutional crisis. Assignments will include participation in a Moot Court. (Brandon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative elections; coalition-building; committee policy making; floor voting decisions; legislative-executive relations; legislative rules and procedures. Through out the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine proposals for institutional reform. Requirements: two to three exams, one paper. Cost:3 WL:4 (Hall)

418/WS 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines women's relationship to the American political system. We will explore the development of that relationship through the social movements of the 19th and 20th Centuries. When we reach the modern era, we will focus upon women in elite politics, women's political participation, and women's political opinions. We will conclude with an exploration of women's relationship to public policies ranging from comparable worth to abortion policies. Cost:2 WL:1 (Burns)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl). See Communication 420. (Hubbard)

428/Asian Studies 428/Phil. 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended for students who seek an introduction. There are no prior course requirements, and the lectures and readings avoid jargon. The immediate purpose is simple: to convey an understanding of the Chinese communist revolution, China's recent political history, its emergence into the world scene in the past few years, and its social, cultural, political, and economic conditions. The larger purpose is to awaken a life-long interest among students in following developments in China, because the rise of this nation is one of the major developments of our lifetime. Mr. Lieberthal will deliver most of the lectures, and the remaining lectures will be given by professors from UM's leading Center for Chinese Studies. This is an inter-disciplinary course. Requirements are an hour exam, a short term paper, participation in discussion section, and a final examination. Cost:3 WL:1 (Lieberthal)

436. Bureaucracy and Policy Making. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to explore the role and influence of the administrative agencies in the policy making process. Theory and examples are drawn from federal, state, and local levels of government. (Mohr)

444. Government and Politics of Russia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Political Science 444, Government and Politics of Russia, compares and contrasts the political behavior and institutions of the Soviet Union with those of post-Soviet Russia. Special emphasis is given to the role of political culture and its implications for the prospects for the stabilization of democracy in Russia. (Zimmerman)

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction, to attempts at reform, and to the post-Communist period. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. We study attempts at political and economic reform, the fundamental changes of 1989-1990 and the present state of politics in Eastern Europe. This lecture course requires a final examination, one or two short papers, and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. Cost:2 WL:4 (Gitelman)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (3). (Excl).

This course reviews basic issues of political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. Among the themes to be stressed this term are democracy and prospects for democratization, cultural transformation and politics, the evolution of civil society and new social movements, political parties, and the issue of violence. Cases will be drawn from all over Latin America with particular attention to Venezuela, Peru, Central America, Mexico, and Brazil. Requirements include several take home exams, an extended book review and a final examination. (Levine)

455. Government and Politics of China. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the politics of the People's Republic of China. Examines both the origins of the communist revolution and the consolidation of communist power. The themes of the course include: major political and socioeconomic campaigns since 1949; the role and the function of ideology and the communist party; conflicts between state and society; and impetus to and impact of economic and political reform instituted since Mao's death. (Huang)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Grading will be by examination and short papers. Cost:3 WL:1 (Campbell)

463. International Organization and Integration. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course deals with ways of managing issues arising from increasing interdependence among nation-states. It examines the role of international organizations in the contemporary global political system. It considers the historical development of international organizations, their political processes, and their activities. It explores the consequences of the growth of international organizations for the global political system, particularly the extent to which international integration is being achieved. Primary attention is devoted to international governmental organizations such as the agencies of the United Nations system and the European Union, but international non-governmental organizations are also considered. Responsibilities of students taking the course for credit include: (1) studying the assigned readings and participation in class discussions; (2) writing four papers of no more than 2,500 words in length; (3) writing a midterm examination; and (4) writing a final examination. Cost:2 or 3 WL:1 (Jacobson)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to some of the issues in the politics of "developing" nations. The course will be focused around how ideas about development and the interests of political actors, in conjunction with each other, have influenced the political and economic development of these nation states. The first part of the course will begin with modernization theory, its particular understanding of the relationship of the individual to the state, the pressures for economic development and their impact on the construction of states in the immediate post-colonial era. We will then discuss whether this state has been able to provide either for economic growth or for the removal of poverty. The inability of the state to deliver the necessary goods has been attributed to its weakness in relationship to social forces, especially the multiple ethnic groups which compose many of these nation states. In the final segment of the course we will evaluate the nature of ethnic conflict and examine reasons for the resurgence of religion as a political force in parts of the developing world. Grading will be based on three written assignments - a 25 page paper, midterm and final examination and class participation. Students should be prepared to read extensively. (Chhibber)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course explores the sources of differences in foreign policy processes and outcomes between and within states. One school of thought holds that differences in the characteristics of the countries in question (large versus small, democratic versus authoritarian, industrialized versus developing, etc.) lead to differences in their foreign policies. Another argues that the important differences are not so much between countries as between "issue-areas," for example military policy versus trade policy. In this course students will evaluate the competing explanations by looking at a number of aspects of foreign policy including diplomacy, strategy, economic policy, and alliance policy in several areas and historical cases: the World Wars, the Cold War, North-South political and economic relations, foreign economic policies of advanced industrial states, and economic relations in the former Soviet bloc. It has a heavy reading list and a demanding writing schedule. WL:1 (Evangelista)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY: PROCESS and SUBSTANCE. This course has several objectives: (a) to help illuminate the process and setting that produces American foreign policy; (b) to help familiarize students with scientific method and quantitative historical analysis in the context of U.S. role in world politics; and (c) enhance the student's ability to read, analyze, and write in a manner that is conceptually precise, analytically rigorous, and semantically clear. There will be quite a few short abstracts, memos, and analyses, plus one larger written assignment. There will be assigned reading in: (a) two or three required texts; (b) in the scholarly journals. This is not an "oral textbook" course; therefore lectures will be minimal and informal, but rigorous and interactive. This is not the best course for students who are passive or excessively concerned with admission to law school. Prerequisites: Political Science 160 and one 400-level social science course with grades of B+. Cost:1-2 WL:1. To get an override, the student must be a graduating senior and must bring writing samples and a copy of transcript. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.
Section 001.
The course concerns the changing nature of East-West and North-South relations, focuses on the process by which American national security decisions are made, and treats alternative explanations of national security affairs. A special focus will be on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Persian Gulf War. The course uses a computer-assisted simulation of national security decision-making to provide participants first hand experience on constraints to rational action. Students should have taken an introductory course in international politics, such as PS 160. There will be two exams, a midterm and a final. Students will be evaluated regarding the quality and quantity of their participation in the simulation. Methods of instruction include lecture, discussion, and the simulation. Cost:3 WL:1 (Tanter)

Section 002. This course will examine a number of theoretical and empirical issues related to the national security policies of states. The topics to be covered in the class will include: deterrence theory, nuclear proliferation, arms control, international peacekeeping operations, strategies of crisis bargaining and diplomacy, and the impact of public opinion on security policy. These topics will be examined in the context of both US security policy towards Europe as well as the Third World. Classes will be conducted largely as lectures but discussion will be welcomed. Students will be graded on the basis of 3 exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

480. Political Mobilization and Policy Change. Poli. Sci. 111, or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).
Section 001 Politics of the Civil Rights Movement.
This course focuses upon the evolution, nature and role of the Civil Rights Movement within the American political system. It is a study of political mobilization in the African American community and how that mobilization via a social movement that combined both interest group politics with limited electoral behavior and partisanship influenced and shaped public policy to the needs and concerns of the community. The course will explore the individual, leadership, alliance and policy goals of this movement. (Walton)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

In this class we seek a broad understanding of what the American political parties are, how they operate and how they evolved. We will study them mainly in the context of presidential elections, although we will also consider local parties, party organization, and comparative perspectives. To enhance our understanding of recent American elections, we will also spend time on the major political changes in the South and on the role of racial and ethnic minorities in electoral politics. There will be two exams (short answer and essay), and one short paper. Students will be expected to read assigned books and articles and be prepared to discuss the material. Lecture and discussion will be the format. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kollman)

484. The Politics of Disaffection. Two courses in political science including Pol. Sci. 411 or 486; or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

Journalistic accounts suggest an exceptional anger and frustration with politics among the American people. Why are Americans disaffected from politics? What explains low levels of trust? Is this a dangerous new trend, or a grand American tradition? And what exactly do disaffected people do? The purpose of this class is to provde some answers to these questions. The course will be run as a lecture, with a midterm and final and an optional paper. The prerequisite for the course is permission of the instructor or two classes in political science. WL:1 (Dion)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course provides a selective survey of the vast literature on public opinion in the contemporary United States. It takes as its point of departure VO Key's classic text Pubic Opinion and American Democracy, published in 1961. Our purpose, like Key's, will be to understand public opinion and to assess its place in the American experiment with democracy. Students are assumed to be familiar with the American political system; the readings and lectures will emphasize theories, arguments, and evidence rather than current events (though current events will be brought in as illustrations). Grades will be based on a midterm and final examination and, depending on enrollments and assignment of teaching assistants, on a series of short papers. Cost:3 WL:4 (Kinder)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 GDR's Legacy in German Politics.
For Fall Term, 1995, this section is offered jointly with German 449.001. (Thaa)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 The Concept of Civil Society.
Few concepts in the history of political thinking have travelled so far and changed their meaning so often as "civil society" did. Rooted in the traditions of western political thinking, it was rediscovered by dissidents in East-Central Europe and marked the perspective of the revolutions in 1989/1990. Although it was soon replaced by economic constraints in the East, the concept of civil society has regained new importance for democratic theory in the West. The class will start with an examination of the concept's rebirth in East-Central Europe. After that we will turn to its origins and meanings in the tradition of liberal and republican political thinking. Finally we will discuss its meaning for analyzing the development of modern democracies. The topics of the class will be based on common readings. Students will have to write a short paper (2-3 pages) on one of the basic concepts at the midterm, and a longer research paper (10-12 pages) at the end of the term. The grades will be the composite of class participation (30%), midterm paper (20%), and research paper (50%). (Thaa)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Democratic Theory and American Politics.

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Women Under Socialism.

513/Soc. 513. Detroit Area Study. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Sociology 513. (Williams)

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data. Instruction will be provided in the use of statistical packages, conferencing, and electronic mail.

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