Near Eastern Studies

Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (APTIS) (Division 325)

Fall Term, 1998 (September 8-December 21, 1998)

Take me to the Fall Time Schedule

100(GNE 100)/ACABS 100/HJCS 100/Hist. 132. Peoples of the Middle East. (4). (HU).
This course will survey Middle Eastern political, social and cultural history from Sumer (3000 BC) to Khomeini's Iran (1979-89). The lectures, the readings, the visuals (web, movies, slides) are all geared towards providing the student with a sense of the nature of authority, political and cultural styles, the fabric of society, attitudes and behaviors, heroes and villains, that are and were part of the heritage of those peoples who lived in the lands between the Nile and Oxus rivers, generally referred to as the Middle East. Throughout the term you will have 4 quizzes (10%), a midterm (25%) and an accumulative final exam (40%). A one page synopsis of your readings will be due weekly for your discussion section. Cost:2 WL:3 (Babayan)
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101(Arabic 101). Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (4). (LR). Laboratory fee ($12) required.
This is the first course of a two-term sequence in elementary Arabic. It is designed for non-concentrators and those who need Arabic to fulfill the language requirement. It provides an introduction to the phonology and script of Modern Standard Arabic and its basic vocabulary and fundamental structures. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. There will be a focus on simple interactive communicative tasks involving teacher-student, student-student and group interactions. Reading and cultural skills are developed through simple short texts and situational dialogues. There will be daily written assignments involving supplying answers to certain drills and questions on reading comprehension passages, filling out forms, and writing short messages and paragraphs. Evaluation will be based on class participation, weekly achievement tests, monthly comprehensive tests, and a final. Regular use of the language laboratory or recorded tapes for home use is required to reinforce classwork and also to do the recorded assignments. Textbooks: (1) Programmed Course in Modern Standard Arabic Phonology and Script by McCarus-Rammuny, (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Part One by Abboud et al. (Lessons 1-10), (3) Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to accompany EMSA by R. Rammuny, and (4) Standard Achievement Tests to accompany EMSA by R. Rammuny. Cost:2 WL:3 (Rammuny, Staff)
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103(Arabic 221). Intensive Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($16) required.
The sequence of Arabic 103 and 104 is designed for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to use Arabic at an accelerated rate. It is primarily intended for highly-motivated students who want to study Arabic for academic purposes. Arabic 103 starts with an intensive introduction to Arabic phonology and script combined with basic oral communication practice. This is followed by short reading selections and situational dialogues including basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical structures. The course offers combined training in the four language skills, plus practice in using the Arabic dictionary. Course requirements include daily preparation of the basic texts and grammatical explanations, extensive oral and written practice utilizing newly learned vocabulary and structures, and written assignments. These assignments involve answers to certain drills and reading comprehension questions, filling out short forms, and supplying short messages and biographical information. Course evaluation is based on class participation, daily written assignments, weekly achievement tests, monthly comprehensive tests, and a final examination. Textbooks:(1) Programmed Course in Modern Standard Arabic Phonology and Script by McCarus-Rammuny, (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part One by Abboud et al. (Lessons 1-15), (3) Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and (4) Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Cost:2 WL:3 (Bardenstein/Farghaly)
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141(Iranian 201). Elementary Persian, I. (4). (LR).
Persian has been called the French of the Near/Middle East. Certainly, Persia/Iran has been in the news. Persian is an Indo-European language, related to English, etc. Its literature, like other arts, is a major part of Near/Middle Eastern and Muslim tradition. Persian 141 is the first term of a four-term sequence. It takes the student through to the basic mastery of the skills of reading and writing, and of comprehension and speaking. Cultural as well as communicative skills are emphasized. By the end of the term the student should be well versed in these skills. Individual students work with the instructor to polish and improve the student's Persian language skills. The objective is language use. Students who have special needs, such as those acquiring the knowledge of Persian for reading purposes, only, or for communicative skills, only, will be given special attention, and special sessions. Similarly, students of Iranian heritage, who may know some Persian in its colloquial form, will find the linguistic and cultural content of this course stimulating.
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151(Turkish 201). Elementary Turkish, I. (4). (LR).
Part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish language, this course aims at introducing and providing the opportunity to practice the basic structures of Turkish. Although it specifically focuses on enhancing spoken proficiency, reading, and writing skills are taught and practiced through special readings and written assignments. Students are evaluated in accordance with the provisional Proficiency Guidelines prepared by the American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages, class participation, achievements in weekly quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. The required texts are named by the person who happens to be teaching the course in a given year.
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200(Arabic 200)/Rel. 201/ACABS 200/HJCS 200. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4). (HU).
See Religion 201. (Williams, Jackson, Schramm)
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201(Arabic 201). Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 102. (4). (LR). Laboratory fee ($16) required.
Arabic 201 continues the process of acquiring proficiency in Modern Standard Arabic. Reading, listening, writing, and speaking skills are developed through short texts, drill practice and interactive exercise and activities. Required outside homework includes daily written assignments and regular use of the tapes that accompany the course text. Evaluation is based on class participation, quizzes, tests, and a final examination. Textbooks: (1) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic (EMSA), Part One (Lessons 21-30), (2) Supplementary Enrichment vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and (3) Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Cost:2 WL:3
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241(Iranian 401). Intermediate Persian, I. APTIS 142. (4). (LR).
Persian has been called the French of the Near/Middle East. It is an Indo-European language, related to English. Lack, or partial lack, of the knowledge of the monumental historical achievements of Iran is not only due to inadequate coverage by the media, but also to some first and second generation Iranians' failure to inform their children. This course invites students with an interest in world affairs, and those children, and emphasizes not only language, but culture. APTIS 241 continues 141/142. Its objective is to lead the student to the improved mastery of the four language skills comprehension, reading, speaking, and writing. During the course the student will learn higher levels of language registers, will be exposed to samples of Persian patterns of communicative skills via dialog, samples of expository prose, and of literature. Emphasis is on the use of Persian in these four skills. In additional, multi-media exposure, including video and news material via SCOLA and other means are utilized. Persian is the language of the class, with occasional discussions of linguistic matters in English. Cost:1 WL:1 (Windfuhr)
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251(Turkish 401). Intermediate Turkish, I. APTIS 152. (4). (LR).
Part of the department sequence in modern Turkish. Those who enroll in the class should have completed APTIS 152 or equivalent. All participants are tested in ascertain their levels of proficiency in the language and results determine the strategy to be followed by the instructor. Normally the first few weeks are devoted to structures and syntax not covered in the first year. The text used for this is G. Lewis' Teach Yourself Turkish or its new equivalent. M. Galin's Turkish Sampler is used for reading. The learning is done through exercises, compositions, reading, translation and conversation. Student evaluation is based on class performance, written work, a midterm and final as well as a test to determine level of proficiency. (Stewart-Robinson)
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271(Slavic 271)/Armenian 271. Intermediate Western Armenian, I. APTIS 172 or 173. (4). (LR).
This course concentrates on reading Armenian texts with commentaries on grammatical and stylistic points, and an equal emphasis on conversation and frequent written work. Grade is based on performance, attendance and a final examination. The reading material consists of the literature appended to Bardakjian's and Thomson's A Textbook of Modern Western Armenian and a course pack. Cost:2 (Bardakjian)
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274(Slavic 221)/Armenian 274. Armenia: Culture and Ethnicity. (3). (HU).
This course will explore various aspects of the Christian Armenian identity, from the earliest times to the 1990s, against a historical and political background, with a greater emphasis on the more modern times. It will highlight the formation of the Armenian self-image; its principle features (political, religious, cultural); and its historical evolution in a multi-religious and multi-national region that has undergone territorial and cultural transformations and has experienced many conflicts, at times deadly, resulting from the clash of national-ethnic identities and aspirations, governed and driven by oppression, distrust, religious and cultural intolerance and aggressive political designs to name but a few. There will be class discussions. Students will be required to write one short term paper (5-7 pages long) and a final paper (8-10 pages long) reflecting research on a selected topic. (Bardakjian)
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364/MENAS 334/Hist. 334. Selected Topics in Near and Middle Eastern Studies. (3). (Excl).
See Middle Eastern and North African Studies 334. (Cole)
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381(Arabic 440). Introduction to Arab Literature in Translation. Taught in English. (3). (HU).
Materials in English translation will illustrate the progression of Arabic Literary culture from the earliest recorded sources to the present. Lectures and discussion, along with audio-visual materials, will introduce the essentials of the history of the Arabs and the cultural context expressed in their writings. Examination of pre-Islamic poetry will lead to discussion of the religious and historical texts of Islam. The literary legacy of the Caliphal period will be presented. The Arabian Nights will be seen to illustrate the popular culture of the times. Bell-lettrist works and those of the Arab explorers, scientists, and philosophers will be sampled. The contacts between the Arab world and the West in the modern era will be seen to have resulted in new departures in Arabic Literature, with the rise of the play, the short story, and the novel. Particular attention will be given to the works of Naguib Mahfouz, the Egyptian winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Students will write a series of short papers commenting upon aspects of the works assigned. Credit will also be given for attendance and for class discussion. A professor of Arabic literature, the instructor is a much-published translator and commentator on Arabic literature. (LeGassick)
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383. The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Middle Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).
In this course, we examine the Arab-Israeli conflict as it is portrayed in both Arab and Israeli literary traditions poetry, short stories, novels, novellas, literary essays and personal accounts looking at how adversaries portray each other, how mutual stereotypes are created and reinforced, or broken down as the case may be, and how the conflict has shaped the development of these respective literary traditions in quite different ways. complementary courses and approaches which study the Arab-Israeli conflict from a primarily political and historical point of view, this course offers the unique perspectives of looking at the conflict through the literature produced by parties to the conflict. Readings will include works of Kanafani, Habiby, Khalifeh, Mahfouz, Idris, Nawab, Yehoshua, Grossman, Shammas, Oz, etc., and we will also examine a selection of Arab and Israeli films and songs pertaining to the conflict. (Bardenstein)
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403(Arabic 421). Advanced Intensive Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 104 or 202. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($7) required.
This course emphasizes the use of Arabic language. That is, students will develop the ability to: (1) communicate/speak in Arabic with native speakers of Arabic; (2) understand spoken Arabic; (3) read and understand selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction as well as Arabic newspaper and magazines/ and (4) enhance writing skills. Use of Arabic is emphasized throughout the whole course based on communicative approaches to learning. Course grade is based on class attendance and participation, written assignments, weekly quizzes and tests, and a final exam. Required text: Peter Abboud et al., Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Part II (Lessons 30-45), Supplementary Enrichment Vocabulary to Accompany EMSA, and Standard Achievement Tests to Accompany EMSA. Successful completion of Arabic 403 will fulfill the LSA language requirement. (Farghaly)
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431(Arabic 430). Introduction to Arabic Linguistics. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).
Arabic 431 is designed to provide a clear understanding of the goals of linguistic theory and training in linguistic analysis at the phonetic, phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic levels. Differences and similarities between traditional treatments of Arabic and recent analyses of Arabic within the generative paradigm will be highlighted. The diverse and dynamic linguistic situation in the Arabic World will be examined. Since the structure of Arabic presents a challenge to most contemporary linguistic formalisms, there will be frequent references and discussions of relevant theoretical questions and controversial issues. Students will gain insights into the structure of Arabic which will help those who wish to acquire the language for communicative purposes. Students who are more interested in applied or theoretical work in Arabic or linguistics will find the theoretical part particularly useful. Course requirements include class participation, readings, presentations, quizzes and writing a term paper on an aspect of the structure of Arabic. Cost:1 WL: 3 (Farghaly)
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440(Turkish 440). The Literature of the Turks. (3). (Excl).
The objective of the course is to share information on the literary activities of the Turkish people from 600 AD when they were in Central Asia to their present home in Asia Minor. Taught in English with English translations of prose and poetry, it will serve Near Eastern concentrators, undergraduates, graduates and other interested students, to savor a literature that began with a few "quatrains" and is, today, on a par with the best of literatures, both in quality and quantity. Meeting three times a week, the course will consist of lectures and discussions focusing on background, historical contexts and critical appraisals of literary material. Students will be expected to prepare short essays on works read and have a final examination. WL:3 (Stewart-Robinson)
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461(GNE 442)/Hist. 442. The First Millennium of the Islamic Near East. Junior standing. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).
Team taught by Professors Bonner (NES and Lindner (History), this is the first course in a two-course introductory sequence (442 and 443) that covers Near Eastern history from the era of Muhammad to the present. Our purpose is to introduce you to (and give you some practice in ) methods of studying the Near East as well as to some of the content of Near Eastern history; we expect no previous background in the field. This course begins with the background and rise of Islam and ends in the heyday of the Ottoman Turkish and Safavid Persian empires, circa 1700. Although the basic organization of the course is chronological, we will discuss topics in such areas as politics and governance, religion (formal and "folk," including theology and mysticism), law, foreign relations and war, art and architecture, literature, economics, and social life. The classes will include lectures by (and probably discussions between) the instructors, and there will also be weekly class discussion of the assigned readings. In addition to the final examination, students will be expected to prepare two three-page exercises based on the readings, which will consist of modern scholarly works and translated medieval sources. WL:4 (Bonner/Lindner)
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465(GNE 483). Islamic Mysticism. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).
Beginning with the Qur'anic origins of Islamic mysticism and its early Christian and ascetic influences, this course will explore the central themes and institutional forms of Sufism, a stream of Islam which stresses the esoteric (mystical) dimensions of religious faith. It will reflect upon the inward quest and devotions of Muslim mystics as these have been lived and expressed in art, theology, literature, and fellowship since the 8th century BC. Concepts of the self, divine love, self-perfection, the mystical path with its states and stages, and mystical knowledge will be introduced through a study of key philosophical and didactical treatises of Sufism as well as specimens from its rich tradition of ecstatic mystical poetry. Course requirements include three short papers, a class presentation, and a term paper. Format: lectures and discussions. (Knysh)
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478/Armenian Studies 478. Classical Armenian I. (3). (Excl).
This course is designed for students with no previous knowledge of Classical Armenian. Emphasis will be on grammar and readings of classical and medieval Armenian texts. Classes will meet three times a week. Students will be assigned homework and will be required to take a midterm and a final. Robert W. Thomson's textbook, An Introduction to Classical Armenian and supplementary materials will be used. (Bardakjian)
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486(GNE 446). Modern Middle Eastern Literature. Taught in English. (3). (HU).
Section 001 Mapping the Arab Renaissance.
The different histories of the Arab Nahdah (Renaissance)have mainly been a reflection of the different mappings of the problematically complex relationship between the Arab World and the West, as pivoted on the French invasion of Egypt in 1798. This course will offer a cultural, literary reading of the Arab Renaissance from the standpoint of its forerunners, from Al-Jabarti to Jabra, while dealing with some of the highly ignored events of the nineteenth century that were played down by most of the historians of the Nahdah: the publication of the Bulaq edition of The Book of the Thousand and One Nights in 1935; Shidyaq's 1855 Al-Saq 'ala Al-Saq; the 1865 Protestant translation of the Bible into Arabic; Bustani's Encyclopedia; the 1882 "Darwin Affair," etc. A special emphasis will be put on the interactions between orality and literacy within the history of narrative art in modern Arabic literature, against the emergence of the Arabic novel as a literary genre. The course will attempt to subvert some of the prevalent, mainly Egypt-oriented notions about the emergence of the Arabic novel, and re-examine some of the Levantine counter-arguments. Readings will include a course-pack and a selection (in English) of different histories of modern Arabic literature. Students will be evaluated through class performance, an oral presentation and a term paper. Cost:2 (Shammas)
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495(GNE 495)/WS 471/Hist. 546/Religion 496. Gender and Politics in Early Modern Islamdom. Students should preferably have had one course in Islamic Studies. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).
The general aim of the course is to understand gender roles in Islam, both from a legal and religious perspective, as well as from behind the veil and the walls of royal harems. An introduction to Muslim understandings of gender and sex, first, through a survey of those sacred texts (Quran & Hadith) that came to define gender as well as the roles and mores of women and men in their relationships. Sexuality and the erotic will then be studied through other forms of popular Islamic literature such as Tbelles lettresU and mystical poetry. Finally, gender participation in the political and cultural life of the Safavi, Ottoman and Mughal courts shall be explored to view the interplay between theory and practice in early modern Islamdom. Weekly readings and preparation for class discussions. A mid-term and final exam. One final research paper. (Babayan)
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501(Arabic 501). Advanced Arabic Conversation and Composition. APTIS 404. (3). (Excl).
The objectives of this course are to develop fluency and accuracy in understanding, speaking, and writing modern standard Arabic, and to expand students' awareness of Arab-Islamic culture and civilization. The course is based on a variety of literary texts and authentic cultural audio-visual materials including slides, video cassettes, and films. The course materials reflect not only the literary but also the cultural, social, and political trends of contemporary Arab society. Occasionally, students are required to read outside topics and give brief presentations. Evaluation is based on daily preparations, weekly written compositions, monthly tests, and a final paper in Arabic. Textbook is Advanced Standard Arabic by Raji Rammuny. Parts One and Two. (Rammuny)
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551(Turkish 511). Readings in Ottoman Turkish. APTIS 252 and 452. (2). (Excl).
This course is the next stage in the acquisition of proficiency in the reading and interpretation of Ottoman printed or archival material in the Arabic script dealing with the literature and administration of the Ottoman Empire until the early nineteenth century. The texts that are read in this course are xeroxed and distributed in class. Evaluation varies. (Stewart-Robinson)
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561(Arabic 551). Modern Arabic Fiction, I. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).
Selected examples of contemporary imaginative prose writing, such as short and long fiction and drama, will be studied. Readings will be in Arabic and class discussions will be in English. (LeGassick).
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563(Arabic 553). Modern Arabic Nonfictional Prose. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).
This course introduces the work of major Arab writers of the 19th and 20th centuries. Variable in focus according to the interests of the class, readings are selected for translation, analysis, and commentary. The course explores the historical progression in the development of political and societal theories in modern times in the Arab world. (LeGassick)
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581(Arabic 521). Medieval Arabic, I. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).
This course is designed for students who wish to learn Arabic for academic purposes. We will begin with the sound and writing system of Arabic, paying attention to accurate pronunciation of sounds and writing Arabic words and phrases with a pleasing hand. Then, we will move to reading, translating and discussion short passages selected from the Qur'an, Hadith, and medieval Islamic literature. There will be daily reading and written assignments. Evaluation will be based on class participation and performance, monthly tests and a final exam.
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583. Medieval Arabic Historical and Geographical Texts. APTIS 404. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Subtitle: Introduction to Medieval Arabic Biographical Literature.
Biography is one of the most distinctive genres of Arabic literature. It is also an important element in the history and historiography of the Islamic Near East. In this course, we read biographical texts taken from a variety of periods and genres. Much emphasis on developing navigational skills; main requirement is a good reading knowledge of Arabic. (Bonner)
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587/Hist. 531. Studies in Pahlavi and Middle Persian. (3). (Excl).
This course has a two-fold aim, the introduction to the Middle Persian language, and the vast literature written in this language by the adherents of two world religions. Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism, the small corpus of Middle Persian inscriptions of the Sasanian dynasty. It has no prerequisites, and is designed for the general student of linguistics, Indian linguistics, history, comparative religion, literature and Near Eastern studies. There will be a special additional component for language study proper. (Windfuhr)
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