Fall Course Guide

Classical Studies

Fall Term, 1998 (September 8-December 21, 1998)

The Department of Classical Studies believes that the literature, monuments, and social institutions of the ancient world, together with the reflections of the Greek and Roman thinkers about their own cultures, are of unique value in themselves, well worth our contemplation and understanding; and that as we attempt to learn about and appreciate classical civilization, we necessarily learn as well a variety of contemporary methodologies and disciplines.

The department offers three groups of courses for distribution, those in Classical Civilization (introductory courses that require no knowledge of Greek or Latin), courses in Classical Archaeology, and upper-level language courses in Greek and Latin authors or genres. While only a few courses are repeated in yearly or biennial rotation, most courses are offered less regularly. This system guarantees that the instructor approaches the subject each time with fresh impetus. We believe in a healthy change and variation in our course offerings.

Classical Civilization offerings include the general surveys of Greek and Roman civilizations (CC 101 and 102), which provide (through readings, lectures, and discussions) a broad understanding of the literatures, thought, and social development of ancient Greece and Rome, and thus provide the student with knowledge of and appreciation for our cultural origins, as well as an acquaintance with modern methods for understanding an ancient culture. These courses are taught each year. CC 101 is offered in the Fall and CC 102 is offered in the Winter. Other courses provide understanding of particular aspects of the ancient world, approached from a variety of disciplines and studies literary, philosophical, historical, sociological, and so on. Some students (particularly those who have already developed special interests in such disciplines) may wish to explore one of these topics without having had a broader introduction.

Classical Archaeology offerings include the broad surveys of the archaeology and monuments of Greece (Cl.Arch 221 offered in the Fall) and Rome (Cl.Arch 222 offered in the Winter) and a general introduction to archaeological field methods (Cl.Arch 323). Other courses use the material remains of specific cultures both to introduce students to the diversity of the ancient world and to demonstrate how, through a variety of multi-disciplinary approaches, the archaeological record can be used to reconstruct the life-ways of past societies.

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

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221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).
This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the Bronze Age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey Museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one-hour examinations and a final, as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. Cost:2/3 WL:1 (Pedley)
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396. Undergraduate Seminar. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission.
Sacred Space and Sacred Action: The Art and Archaeology of Greek Sanctuaries.
The chronological range of this seminar will be from the Geometric period (ca. 900-700 BC) to the High Classical (ca. 450-400). The categories of sanctuary as suggested by geographical location (interregional, urban, extramural, etc.) will be defined and a differentiated history and morphology of each will be traced. Other topics will include the character and purpose of votive offerings ranging from the bronze and marble dedications of the elite (and foreigners) to the wooden utensils and terracotta figurines of the less wealthy and sanctuaries as sites of sacrifice and feasting: which animals were sacrificed to which deities? what bloodless offerings (wine, grains, etc.) were made? what rituals accompanied the sacrifices and feasts? what social significances might acts of communal dining be seen to have had? Particular attention will be paid to the sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paestum excavated by the Universities of Michigan and Perugia in the 1980s and to other sanctuaries within the territory of Paestum, to the sanctuaries of Demeter at Corinth in Greece and at Cyrene in Libya, and to the ongoing work of the German Archaeological Institute in the Heraion on Samos. Participants will be expected to make a presentation to the seminar, and to write up the presentation as a lengthy paper. Cost: 1 WL: 1 (Pedley)
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431/Hist. of Art 431. Principal Greek Archaeological Sites. A course in archaeology. (3). (Excl).

This course will focus its study on selected sites in the ancient Greek world, with special attention placed on their growth and development as illustrated by the archaeological remains. Paper, midterm, final exam.
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451/Class. Civ. 451. Death in the Ancient World. (3). (HU).
What do you do with a dead body? How does a family mourn its loss? How does a community commemorate its dead? These are universal questions, yet the attitudes brought to death and burial vary tremendously from culture to culture. This course will examine death rituals in Greek and Roman society, using a combination of sources ranging from poetry to dental remains, from funerary orations to grave monuments. Such evidence can reveal much about the dead and their world: who believed in a "hereafter," how the age, status, and gender of the deceased affected their funeral, what actually killed people in the ancient world. To introduce the course, students will be encouraged to analyze death rituals in their own contemporary society. The course will be lecture-oriented, with time allowed for discussion and demonstration. There are no prerequisites for this course; requirements consist of two projects/papers and a final exam. Cost:2 WL:1
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