Fall Course Guide

Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Fall Term, 1998 (September 8-December 21, 1998)

Take me to the Fall Time Schedule

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).
Through a study of the classic texts in political theory such as Plato, Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, and Tocqueville we will consider the questions and answers that have been raised and proposed over the centuries in the search for the best political regime. Consideration of the meaning of familiar concepts such as justice, equality, liberty, community, and democracy are part of this investigation. (Saxonhouse)
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111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).
This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts.
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140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).
This course examines how democracy evolves and functions in different settings around the world. We start with the emergence of democracy in Western Europe, examining the factors that give rise to it and help it survive. We then examine the origins of fascism in Germany and Japan; and the rise of communism in Russia and China, attempting to understand why these alternatives to democracy flourished in those settings and why they later collapsed. This leads to an analysis of the current struggle between reformers and hardliners over the move to market economies and liberal democracy in Russia, China, and Eastern Europe, and an assessment of the prospects for democracy in Mexico and Nigeria. Finally, we examine the probable evolution of democracy in advanced industrial societies. In addition to two lectures, there are two meetings a week in relatively small discussion sections, designed to encourage active discussion of these topics. Cost:3 (Inglehart)
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160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).
The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. Cost:3 WL:1 and 4 (Lemke)
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Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).
This course will help you think about the relationships between yourself and politics in the United States. Learn about: (1) important social, economic, and political issues of the day, including how an issue becomes "important"; (2) the political values and attitudes of the American public; (3) the conduct of political campaigns and elections. Confront these subjects from the perspectives of "What is..." and also "What ought to be...." Given our goals, scholarly readings are intermixed with articles about current issues, and our discussions often move freely from assigned readings to the latest news. Although intended primarily for non-political science concentrators, this is a serious course for serious students. The readings are extensive, and occasionally difficult. You will be expected to: stay current and master what you have read, attend lectures faithfully, participate in sections actively, and engage in additional learning activities outside of the classroom. You will write papers, and you will be examined - carefully and regularly (two midterms plus a final). Recommended: at least one prior political science course. Grades are based on a no-curve system. Cost:4 WL:1 (Markus)
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312. Freedom of Speech and Press. (3). (Excl).
This course examines the constitutional right of freedom of speech and press in the United States. Various areas of law are examined in depth, including extremist or seditious speech, obscenity, libel, fighting words, the public forum doctrine and public access to the mass media. Classes are conducted according to the law school model, with readings focused on actual judicial decisions and students expected to participate in discussions. (Bollinger)
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390. Practicum for the Michigan Journal of Political Science. (1). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for credit with permission of the chair.
PS 390 provides an opportunity for Associate Editors on the Michigan Journal of Political Science to receive credit for a term of work on the Journal. Requirements include attendance at weekly meetings, writing and publishing a book review in the Journal, and performing various responsibilities of an Associate Editor. For information on how to become an Associate Editor, please email mjps.editors@umich.edu or inquire at the Department of Political Science office. Please note; THIS COURSE IS FOR MJPS EDITORS ONLY. Do not CRISP into this class if you are not a member of MJPS.
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395/REES 395/Hist. 332/Slavic 395/Soc. 392. Survey of Russia: The Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Successor States. (4). (SS). Laboratory fee ($10) required.
See Russian and East European Studies 395. (Rosenberg)
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400. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course forms the first half of a year-long survey of the History of Political Thought. It approaches the study of classic texts in political philosophy by analyzing them in historical context and also as lessons for thinking about how we answer our own political questions. Authors include Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Cicero, Sallust, Aquinas, and Machiavelli, among others. The reading amounts to about 100 pages a week, sometimes more, others less. Class will combine lecture and discussion. (McKee)
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412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Courts, Politics, and Society.
Courts, what they share with and what distinguishes them from other political institutions, are at the center of this course. The term will be divided into four sections. Part I will examine the structures, practices and organizing principles of central actors and institutions within the judicial process (court structure, judicial selection, juries and the legal profession). Part II will follow the evolution of primary legal theories regarding the impact of political constraints and choices upon judicial reasoning. Particular emphasis will be put on the relationship between political controversies and attendant legal theoretical debates during the New Deal and Warren Court era. Part III will provide an introduction to interdisciplinary studies of courts and society and will draw upon contributions from Political Science, Anthropology, Sociology, Economics, and Literature. Finally, Part IV will incorporate diverse methodological and disciplinary perspectives in the context of two important contemporary legal theoretical debates. The first pertains to the relationship between state law and alternative mechanisms of dispute resolution. The second concerns the viability of law as an instrument of social and political change. (Morag-Levine)
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413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411. (3). (Excl).
Prerequisites: Some background in American history, American institutional politics, or political theory is desirable. This is a course in political science and political theory concerned with law. The course focuses on one of the most vital aspects of politics: interpreting and applying the nation's fundamental principles. It addresses: (1) the role of language in grounding the legitimacy of the political order; (2) the ways (if any) in which that language is translated into reality; and (3) how those translations are justified. In connection with those general themes, we shall focus on three additional questions: (1) WHAT is the (or a) Constitution; (2) WHO are to be its authoritative interpreters; and (3) HOW are those interpreters to go about the business of interpreting? We shall take up topics such as judicial review, interdepartmental relations, federalism, the power to wage war, and constitutional crisis. Assignments will include participation in a Moot Court. (Brandon)
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417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course will examine the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; Legislative elections; coalition-building; committee policy making; floor voting decisions; Legislative-executive relations; legislative rules and procedures. Given that the course will be offered in an election year, one of our primary emphases will be on U.S. congressional elections. Requirements: two to three exams, one paper. (Hutchings)
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420/Comm. 484. Mass Media and Political Behavior. Comm. Studies 361 or 381 strongly recommended. (4). (Excl).
See Communication Studies 484. (Valentino)
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421. American State Government. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course will explore state, local, and regional politics, as well as intergovernmental relations across all levels of American government. It will provide historical overviews of each of these areas, apply a variety of political science perspectives to them, and consider some of the most pressing current questions in subnational politics. It will also include a comparative focus, examining the differences in politics and policymaking between federal and non-federal systems, and will place special emphasis on health care and environmental policy. This course will be intended for undergraduates with some prior coursework in political science and American government. It will encourage students to conduct research in subnational politics, culminating in a research paper. In addition, students will complete an essay-style examination, as well as one or two brief papers focused on discussion-related topics. Readings will include selections from the traditional political science literature on state and local politics and intergovernmental relations, but will also include a variety of areas not commonly associated with or applied to subnational politics, including regulatory theory and game theory. Cost:2 WL:1 (Rabe)
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422/WS 422. Feminist Political Theory. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).
This course explores the politics of gender, as analyzed and articulated by various feminist theorists. Readings are drawn from several disciplines (e.g., philosophy, psychology, as well as political theory), but the primary focus of this course is on the political implications and/or consequences of different feminist frameworks. The course is run as a lecture, with opportunity for questions and periodic discussions. Requirements include: in-class writing assignments, 5-7 page paper, final exam. Cost:2 WL:1 (Wingrove)
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431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course will deal with major topics in public administration. In the first half of the course we will read about and discuss the following topics: leadership, decision making, human resource management, budgeting, program implementation, and program evaluation. There will be a midterm exam on this material. Then the class will split up into six groups each of which will study in greater depth one of the above topics. We will start the group projects with sessions on working effectively in groups. Then there will be a few weeks to gather information about the topic. Groups will be encouraged to gather information from people who deal with these issues as well as from library sources. Each group will have one class session toward the end of the term to present information to the rest of the class. Students will write individual final papers. Grades will be based on midterm, group presentation, final paper, and participation. (Feldman)
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441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).
This course examines the politics of developed democracies: i.e., those where commitment to relatively free-market capitalism and to relatively liberal democracy are no longer the subject of any serious political debate or conflict. This is not a course in current or past events in these countries. Rather we analyze certain systematic, (social) scientific regularities which may be evidenced in the politics of advanced capitalist democracies. In this positive (not normative) analysis, the focus is on political parties, elections, patterns of participation and of political conflict, public policy, and political economy. Course grades will be based upon short-paper writing, a final examination, and participation. (Franzese)
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454. Governments and Politics of Southeast Asia. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
Southeast Asia is one of the world's most dynamic and complex regions, and is of growing importance on the global stage. This course offers an introduction to the region for advanced undergraduates; it is also an introduction to some of the broader political and economic issues in the developing world. The course has three parts. The first is an introduction to the history and politics of the region; the second is a country-by-country study of nine Southeast Asianstates: Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Burma. The final section looks at five major challenges facing the region economic development, environmental protection, international security, human rights, and democratization. Grading will be based on two midterms, a final exam, and in-class discussions. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ross)
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456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450. (3). (Excl).
Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Grading will be by examination and short papers. Cost:3 WL:1 (Campbell)
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459/CAAS 449. African Politics. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (3). (Excl).
Examines the institutions that shape political life in Africa. The first part of the course is historical and considers the effects of environment on political structure, the differences between segmentary societies and kingships, literacy and political communication, secret societies, and diasporas. The second part covers the politics of the colonial era and the nationalist period. The third section explores some of the bold initiatives of independence leaders. The course concludes with a discussion of contemporary struggles for democracy. No prerequisites. (Widner)
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460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.
Section 001.
This course will address a range of issues which confront state leaders as they seek to ensure their country's military security and economic development in a competitive international system. Special attention will be given to foreign policy problems confronting the U.S. in the post-Cold War era. The course will be conducted largely as a lecture with some opportunity for discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of three in-class exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

Section 002 International Conflict: Causes and Consequences. This course is concerned with arguments and evidence about what causes conflict in international relations as well as with what the consequences of that conflict are. Although the primary emphasis will be on international war, we will also discuss other forms of conflict such as economic sanctions, terrorism, crises and disputes. Additionally, the inability to observe international actors in laboratory settings highlights some of the more challenging methodological and statistical concerns confronting research in world politics. Thus, students should also gain an appreciation for some of these issues as well as for the causes and consequences of conflict. (Lemke)
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463. International Organization and Integration. Pol. Sci. 160. (3). (Excl).
This course deals with ways of managing issues arising from increasing interdependence among nation-states. It examines the role of international organizations in the contemporary global political system. It considers the historical development of international organizations, their political processes, and their activities. It explores the consequences of the growth of international organizations for the global political system, particularly the extent to which international integration is being achieved. Primary attention is devoted to international governmental organizations such as the agencies of the United Nations system and the European Union, but international non-governmental organizations are also considered. Responsibilities of students taking the course for credit include: (1) studying the assigned readings and participation in class discussions; (2) writing four papers of no more than 2,500 words in length; (3) writing a midterm examination; and (4) writing a final examination. Cost:2 or 3 WL:1 (Jacobson)
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465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course is designed to introduce students to some of the issues in the politics of "developing" nations. It focuses on how ideas about development and the interests of political actors, in conjunction with each other, have influenced the political and economic development of these nation states. The first part of the course discusses the understanding of poverty before moving on to modernization theory, and how its particular understanding of the relationship of the individual to the state came to provide an initial path to political and economic development. An important consequence of the pressures for economic development and the dominance of the modernization paradigm was the construction of particular kinds of nation-states in the immediate post-colonial era. We will then discuss whether the constructed nation-state, in the context of an international political economy, has been able to generate economic development. One of the constraints faced by state in developing nations is its weakness in relationship to social forces, and sometimes to the multiple ethnic groups which compose many of these nation-states. In the final segment of the course we will evaluate the nature of ethnic conflict and examine reasons for the resurgence of religion and separatism as political forces in parts of the developing world. The gendered nature of these modules will be stressed. Grading will be based on two book reviews, a midterm and final examination, and class participation. (Chhibber)
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469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160. (3). (Excl).
This course compares political and economic ways to understand international economic relations, as well as the connections between international and domestic politics in explaining the international political economy. Substantive topics include a brief overview of the history of the international political economy in the 19th and 20th centuries, institutions in the contemporary world, including the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, and the European Union, development strategies, multinational corporations, foreign aid, and the debt crisis. We conclude with an overview of some contemporary issues, such as the new protectionism and the North American Free Trade Area. I assume that all students in the class have already taken at least one course each in World Politics and Introductory Economics. Cost:3 WL:4 (Pahre)
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472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl). Laboratory fee ($30) required.
The course focuses on the process by which Americans make national security decisions, and it presents explanations of national security affairs. These include rational choice, bounded rationality, and prospect theory. A special emphasis is on post-Cold War threats to Western security, in those from states that have large conventional military forces, sponsor international terrorism, and pursue weapons of mass destruction. Students should have taken an introductory course in international politics such as PS 160. The course includes a midterm and a research paper. Students are also evaluated regarding the quality and quantity of their participation in Conferencing on the web (COW), an electronic discussion forum. Methods of instruction include lecture, discussion, and COW. Cost:3 WL:1 (Tanter)
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475. Russian Foreign Policy. Two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).
The course focuses on the international behavior of the Soviet Union and its primary successor state, Russia. The course will cover U.S.-Soviet relations, the rise and fall of the Soviet empire in Europe, and contemporary Russian relations with the United States and Soviet successor states. Particular emphasis will be placed on the link between Russian elite and mass attitudes and foreign policy choices. Recommended as background: PS 160, CREES 395. There will be a midterm paper that follows the format of review articles in the journal World Politics, and a final. (Zimmerman)
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483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Poli. Sci. 111, 140, 410, or 411. (3). (Excl).
In this class we seek a broad understanding of what the American political parties are, how they operate and how they evolved, and how they compare to parties in other countries. We will study them mainly in the context of presidential and congressional elections, although we will also consider local parties, party organization, and parties in legislatures. There will be two exams (short answer and essay), and one short paper. Students will be expected to read assigned books and articles and be prepared to discuss the material. Lecture and discussion will be the format. Cost:3 WL:1 (Kollman)
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486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science. (3). (Excl).
This course will cover the history of the American party system, with a special emphasis on the state of Michigan. Beginning with the pre-Civil War period, the readings and lectures will treat the shifts in public opinion that give rise to new popular movements and pressure groups, which then modify or destroy the contemporary party system. The course will be taught with a research emphasis. The prerequisite is Political Science 111; there is no quantitative prerequisite. Several computer-based assignments will introduce students to the historical study of electoral politics. (Achen)
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489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (1-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of six credits.
Section 001 Game Theory in Political Science. (3 credits) (QR/2)..
This course introduces students to the use of game theory in political science. Game theory is the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between rational decision makers. The course will emphasize the fundamental assumptions behind game theory models of politics and will expose students to models of legislatures, voting and elections, international relations, and political participation. There are no mathematical prerequisites, but students should have a useful facility with algebra before taking the course. Lecture. There will be homework problems and several tests. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kollman)
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Section 002 Global International System (3 credits). The objectives of this course are to provide the advanced undergraduate student with: (a) an understanding of global demographic, social, technological, economic, and political configurations and trends in the global system; (b) alternative interpretations of policies to deal with these conditions; (c) methods by which these interpretations can be compared and tested against the empirical evidence; and (d) the ability to evaluate past policy decisions and to propose future ones. We are also interested in improving our ability to express orally and on paper the concepts, hypotheses, relationships, and methods used in pursuit of the substantive objectives. Combination of minilectures and discussion, usually going well beyond the assigned readings and sufficiently unstructured to make notetaking difficult. Three short papers plus final exam. Cost between $50 and $100. Go to department office to get on waitlist and attend first class. (J. David Singer)
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Section 003 New German Politics: Social Movements, Youths Activities and Expert's Politics. For Fall Term, 1998, this section is offered jointly with German 449.001. (Ritter)
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491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). No more than four credits of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science. (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits.
A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.
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493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to senior Honors concentrators. (4). (Excl). No more than four Honors credits may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science. (INDEPENDENT).
This is a seminar for seniors who are working on Honors theses. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling. (Mohr)
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495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Power and Legitimacy.
This seminar intends to introduce to political theory by reading modern concepts on power and legitimacy. In addition, a strong focus on reading in class should give experience in understanding and interpreting demanding theoretical texts. Three different theoretical perspectives will mainly shape the course: theory of action, critical theory, and poststructuralism. Although this curriculum includes a historical perspective starting with the early twentieth century, the focus of the course will be more systematic than historical. Reading concepts from Weber, Arendt, Habermas, and Foucault, should teach the main changes in the understanding of power and legitimacy as key terms of theoretical political thoughts, and should enable students to interpret the implicit assumptions on power and legitimacy in current discussions on political theory. Classes will be hold on Wednesday from 3 to 5 p.m. The main work for the course will be an oral midterm and a written final exam. Students will also have several short written assignments. Regular attendance, reading of the texts and participation in the discussion are requested.

Students who are interested in reading political thoughts in German will have the opportunity to take an additional one credit university course (see: UC 490.003) given by Claudia Ritter. It will be a languages across the curriculum course. Readings and discussions will be on topics of the 495.001 course in political science. The syllabus will be adopted to the particular language levels and further wishes of the students. Time and place will be by agreement. For further information contact ritterc@umich.edu. Professor Ritter is a visiting faculty member from Germany. She received her doctorate from the University of Hamburg and is interested in political philosophy and German politics. (Ritter)
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496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Problems of Constitutionalism.
This seminar will focus on selected topics that illustrate basic problems in the articulation, justification, and operation of constitutionalism as a working political theory. More specifically, does constitutionalism require institutions and norms that threaten the stability or persistence of constitutional regimes? Materials for the seminar will range from judicial cases to legal commentary to social and political theory. Students will be expected to participate actively in discussions, to make at least one oral presentation to the class, and to write three essays. WL:1 (Brandon)

Section 002 Institutions and Political Participation. This course examines the extent to which institutions foster political participation. The texts for the course will center on American politics, but will incorporate some comparative cases. We will be concerned with what might count as an institution and with the precise mechanisms through which institutions might constrain or enable political involvement. The course will operate as a seminar. Student evaluation will be based on three things: weekly participation, a series of short papers, and one term paper. Cost:2 WL:1 (Burns)

Section 003 Religion and Political Behavior in America
Is religion an important variable in explaining political behavior? In this course, we will analyze voters, elected officials, and other political actors to see how different religious beliefs, activities, and affiliations change behavior. Some questions we consider are: Do religious citizens vote more often than or on different types of issues from secular citizens? Does religion affect members of Congress differently from voters or interest group members? Do religious interest groups lobby differently from secular groups? Does religion matter on the Supreme Court bench or in the White House? What is the mechanism for religionís impact? By studying various religious traditions, reading social science research, following current events in religion and politics, and conducting individual research projects, we will uncover patterns and explanations for religionís effect on political activity. (Fastnow)
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497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 The Politics of Economic Change.
This seminar is designed to present an overview of the field of the political economy of development. Readings will be conceptually organized around political variables that scholars have found to have an impact on economic change. As such, readings will be taken from a wide variety of geographical areas and time periods. The seminar will begin by examining the impact of institutions on economic change. This will be followed by an exploration of interest groups, gender, and the state on economic change. The final segment of the course will address whether a manipulation by politicians of economic policy for maintaining political support influences economic growth and concludes with a discussion of economic reform. Formal course requirements are weekly papers (2-3 pages each) and class participation. A quarter of the grade (25 percent) will be assigned on the basis of class participation. The remaining 75 percent of the grade will be determined by written assignments. (Chibber)

Section 002 Political Elites. This seminar will survey theories of political elites and leadership and address questions that are central to the science of politics. Why do leaders and elites emerge in most social groups and in all societies? What are the origins of power and authority? What is th relationship between politcial actors and the state? Are some type of individuals moe likely than others to seek power and to succeed in politics? What role do leaders and elties play in shaping events and history? By exploring the research conducted on leaders and elites around the globe, the student will acquire an understanding of the individual, group, social, and institutional factors that shape elite behavior and politics. (Kullberg)
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498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Senior standing, primarily for seniors concentrating in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Global Environmental Change and the State.
Climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, loss of biodiversity, and other aspects of global change could threaten the habitability of the earth. Because these problems originate in demographic, economic and technological phenomena, dealing with them requires unprecedented global cooperation. This course addresses the issue of whether environmental challenges can be met within the existing nation-state system or whether managing global environmental change will force modifications in this system. We examine the classic debate between those like Malthus who posit limits to growth and those like Marx who argue that with appropriate economic, technological, and political arrangements, unlimited growth is possible; the nature of global environmental change and responses to it, such as the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change; and the implications of these steps for the future. Three books and several articles. Students prepare a research paper and write a final examination. Lectures, discussions. Cost:2 WL:1 (Jacobson)

Section 003 New German Politics: Social Movements, Youths Activities and Expert's Politics. For Fall Term, 1998, this section is offered jointly with German 449.001. (Ritter)
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585/Public Policy 585. Political Environment of Policy Analysis. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
See Public Policy 585.
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591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400-level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. (2-6). (Excl). No more than four credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of eight credits.
Section 001.
University of Michigan Political Science department invites junior and senior political science students to apply for placements with legislators (Democratic/Republican in Lansing), Michigan Senators and Representatives; the Michigan Executive, the Courts, the Bureaucracy; interest groups; legal profession; private sector (governmental affairs offices of the major auto companies); international (Ontario Provincial Legislature, Canadian Consulate); and the Media. Three hours of political science credit (involves 16 hours per week in placement, five seminar sessions with Director, journal assignment, and interview). What do I get out of the Political Internship program? (1) Preview a career in the political world. (2) Visible, unique work experience for your résumé. (Job interviewers always take note of Political Internships.) (3) A letter of recommendation for Law/Graduate School or job. (4) Networking and leadership training experience. Personal interview is required, contact Helen M. Graves, Ph.D., 5629 Haven Hall, (734) 647-7995 (office) or call (734) 994-5563 (home). E-mail: hmgraves@umich.edu. First come, first serve basis.

Section 002. Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 7623 Haven Hall.
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