Fall '99 Course Guide

Courses in Geological Sciences (Division 377)

Fall Term, 1999 (September 8 December 22, 1999)

Take me to the Fall Term '99 Time Schedule for Geological Sciences.


Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

G.S. 100-115 are short (half-term) courses. They consist of detailed examinations of restricted geologic topics. The department lists the specific courses from this series in the Time Schedule for the terms they are offered (fall and winter terms only). Each course, when offered, meets twice weekly for half of the term (first half or second half), and the specific dates for each course are printed in the Time Schedule. These courses are designed primarily for students with no prior geologic training and they are open to all interested persons. G.S. 100-115 are offered on the graded pattern (optional pass/fail).


Geol. Sci. 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Oct. 26 to Dec. 9 with Final Exam on Dec. 9 Or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=November 8).

Instructor(s): Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 156 (or 260). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms. By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 104. Ice Ages, Past and Future.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Sept. 9 to Oct. 21 with Final Exam on Oct. 21 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=September 28).

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~hoaglund/courses.html

This course looks at the effects of present and past glaciations on the landscape and on life, humans in particular. Glaciers are examined as dynamic, climatically controlled systems of moving ice. Climatic and environmental changes concurrent with glaciation, in both continental and oceanic realms, are reviewed. The causes of the ice ages that have dominated the Earth for the past two million years and predictions of future ice ages are examined in the light of current geological and climatic research. The course consists of lectures, one hour exam, and one final exam. Required Course Materials: Course Pack. Recommended Textbook: Ice Age Earth, Late Quaternary Geology and Climate, Dawson, A.G., 1992, Routledge, New York, NY ISBN 0-415-01567-7

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Sept. 9 to Oct. 21. Final Exam on Oct. 21 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=September 28).

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/107/gs107.html

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the Earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Offered Oct. 26 to Dec. 9 with Final Exam on Dec. 9 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=November 8).

Instructor(s): Rebecca Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~becky/

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 110. The History of the Oceans.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Sept. 9 to Oct 21. Final Exam on Oct. 21 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=September 28).

Instructor(s): Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The history of past oceanic inhabitants, events, and environments is recorded in the sediments which have accumulated on the ocean bottom throughout geological time. Fossils of marine plants and animals are a major part of the historical record; they give evidence of past oceanic living conditions and the evolution of life forms in the sea. Sediment particles eroded from land and carried to the oceans by rivers and winds provide insights into past climates on continents. Changes in ocean currents and in seawater chemistry have left their mark on the sediment record; the possible causes of these changes are explored. Plate tectonics and seafloor spreading have rearranged the shapes of ocean basins and repositioned continents over time. These processes are reflected in the record in marine sediments still present on the ocean floor and also in those now uplifted to form part of the continents. A single exam at the end of the course will determine the course grade.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 110. The History of the Oceans.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Offered Oct 26 to Dec. 9. Final Exam on Dec 9 or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=November 8).

Instructor(s): Vicki McKenna (cmckenna@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/geo111.html

The history of past oceanic inhabitants, events, and environments is recorded in the sediments which have accumulated on the ocean bottom throughout geological time. Fossils of marine plants and animals are a major part of the historical record; they give evidence of past oceanic living conditions and the evolution of life forms in the sea. Sediment particles eroded from land and carried to the oceans by rivers and winds provide insights into past climates on continents. Changes in ocean currents and in seawater chemistry have left their mark on the sediment record; the possible causes of these changes are explored. Plate tectonics and seafloor spreading have rearranged the shapes of ocean basins and repositioned continents over time. These processes are reflected in the record in marine sediments still present on the ocean floor and also in those now uplifted to form part of the continents. A single exam at the end of the course will determine the course grade.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Offered Sept. 9 to Oct. 21 with Final Exam on Oct. 21 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=September 28).

Instructor(s): Theodore Moore (tedmoore@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 201 or 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~tedmoore/111.html

The intent of GS 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth: the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Offered Oct. 26 to Dec. 9 with Final Exam on Dec. 9 Or Arranged (Drop/Add deadline=November 8).

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 201 or 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The intent of GS 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth: the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 117. Introduction to Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 119, or 120. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 117 for 4 credits. (5). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (5).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Introduction to Geology is a single term course structured to provide students from all backgrounds with an understanding of the history of Earth and of the natural processes which have given rise to its landscapes, oceans, and continents. This includes examination of: the physical processes which give rise to plate tectonics and the formation of earthquakes, volcanoes, the uplift of major mountain ranges; and of the chemical and biological phenomena which modify the character of the atmosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere at the Earth's surface. This course includes a laboratory to provide hands-on experience in identifying common rocks and minerals and in understanding geological and topographical maps. Topics covered in class lecture are reviewed weekly in a one hour discussion section. Course includes lectures and weekly laboratory and discussion sections.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 118. Introductory Geology Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 119, or 205 and 206, or 135. Credit is not granted for GS 118 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (GS 116, 117, or 218). (1). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The laboratory provides hands-on experience with minerals, rocks, and maps. Participants will learn to identify common minerals and rocks, use topographic and geologic maps, and draw and interpret geologic cross sections. Examples will be drawn from areas of recent glaciation, volcanism, and earthquakes to show how these features are depicted in maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 119. Introductory Geology Lectures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 117, 120. No credit granted to those who have completed both 205 and 206. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 119 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course shares lectures and a weekly discussion section with GS 117, but does not provide a laboratory experience. Students requiring a ONE-TERM introductory science course with laboratory should elect GS 117.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 125. Evolution and Extinction.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Tomasz Baumiller (tomasz@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Those with credit for GS 106 may only elect GS 125 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be included in a concentration plan in geological sciences.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course examines the concepts of evolution and extinction, stressing the role that the fossil record has played in their development. The broad patterns in history of life are presented starting with earliest evidence of life on earth. Basic geological principles necessary for reconstructing earth history are introduced. Readings are drawn from a variety of sources, including primary scientific literature. Requirements: attendance in lectures, discussion sections; readings; several short writing assignments; exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 130/Phys. 119/Chem. 108. The Physical World.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Peter van Keken (keken@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High-school algebra. (4). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~keken/130.html

The physics, chemistry, and pre-calculus (algebraic) concepts of comprehensive Earth and planetary science will be covered for those students who feel less than fully prepared for existing college-level science classes. The course is aimed at students in need of a science course, particularly those who will not readily select more than one physical science course as undergraduates at UM. Weekly discussions by a GSI will complement the lectures and amplify on them. Extensive weekly homework (quantitative exercises) will form 40% of the grade, with the remaining 60% based on two in-class exams and one final exam. Textbook: K.B. Krauskopf and A. Beiser, The Physical Universe, McGraw Hill, 8th ed. 1997 or 9th edition if available at beginning of semester.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 140. Science and the Media.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/140/gs140.html

There has never been a greater chasm between the importance of science to society and society's understanding of it. Reporting on scientific discoveries and technological advances are often biased, inaccurate, or wrong. We will examine the relationship between science and the media and try to answer the following questions: Is scientific reporting fair, accurate, and informed? Is it sensationalist? Can the public evaluate the scientific information presented to them? How do scientists communicate their work? We will use case histories, primarily from the earth and environmental sciences to address these questions. We will cover the basic concepts and facts behind each case, and discuss its presentation to the public. We will use a variety of resources ranging from newspaper and TV reports to the Internet. Members of the university and local media will participate. No prerequisites. High school science highly recommended. Evaluation will be based on midterm and final projects.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 146(270). Plate Tectonics.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Josep Pares (jmpares@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed three of GS 105, 107, and 205. Those with credit for one of GS 105 and 107 may only elect GS 146 for two credits. Those with credit for GS 205, or both GS 105 and 107, may only elect GS 146 for one credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jmpares/preface1.html

The theory of plate tectonics, called dogma by some and paradigm by others, describes the mobility of continental and oceanic domains of the Earth's crust, as they are in constant motion along plate boundaries with respect to each other. The theory explains earthquakes and volcanoes, the topography of the Earth and the faunal and floral diversity of its living and fossil inhabitants. Tectonic events also exert a major influence on long-term climate. Lectures about the evidence also explore alternative explanations. The course involves three hours of weekly meeting time, a textbook and selected reading material. No background in Earth science is necessary. Evaluation is based on class participation, two exams, a series of student presentations on selected topics and written essays on the same subject.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 147(271). Natural Hazards.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Rebecca Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 107 or 205 may only elect GS 147 for 2 credits. Those who have credit for both GS 107 and 205 may only elect 147 for 1 credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~becky/

This seminar will explore the geological background and social aspects of various kinds of natural hazards, with emphasis on earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, meteorite impacts throughout Earth history, floods and climate change. Each student will complete a term project and give a verbal presentation to the class. No science background is required, but active participation is expected. A mandatory field trip Sept. 24-27 will be compensated by canceling a few classes later in the term.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 154(279). Ocean Resources.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school science and math recommended. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The ocean has provided many resources to humans, and the availability of these resources rests on scientific principles. This course will address a number of equivocal issues facing ocean scientists and makers of marine policies. Students will be asked to examine critically some of the conflicting demands being placed on the resources of the oceans by modern societies. Some examples are the conflicts that emerge from protection of natural beaches and wetlands as opposed to the economic benefits of coastal developments such as marinas and harbors, and from protection of endangered species as opposed to the undeniable need for more food for more people. Each student will select one of the weekly topics and lead class discussions on this topic. A major whole-class topic will involve all students. Two written papers and one written exam will be required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 171/AOSS 171/UC 110/Biol. 110/NR&E 110. Introduction to Global Change I.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.sprl.umich.edu/GCL/

See University Courses 110.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 201/Geography 201. Introductory Geography: Water, Climate, and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lars Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 144 (or 268). Those with credit for GS 111 may only elect GS 201 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4; 3 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS201/

This basic introduction to physical geography emphasizes the nature and dynamics of the earth system including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and solid earth, and their interactions. Topics include seasons, heat balance, global warming, ozone destruction, and circulation, moisture, precipitation, clouds, groundwater, ocean circulation, waves and tides, plate tectonics, landform evolution, and soil development, the biosphere, climate evolution, and global change. Students in this lecture-lab course are evaluated by hourly and final examinations, and a term paper with satisfactory completion of the lab work a prerequisite to the final course evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 204/AOSS 204/Astronomy 204. The Planets: Their Geology and Climates.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Sushil Atreya (atreya@umich.edu) , Henry Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school mathematics through plane geometry and trigonometry. Those with credit for GS 113 may only elect GS 204 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will present perspectives on the evolution of the solar system in both an historical context and in light of the extraordinary scientific advances resulting from recent space exploration. The principal focus will be on the structure, composition, and evolutionary history of the surfaces, and atmospheres of the planets and their satellites. Special emphasis will be given to comparative aspects of geology, meteorology, and climatology as developed on the various bodies of the solar system. Concepts of space exploration techniques will also be presented. The course is intended for non-science concentrators and other students with typical high school science and math backgrounds. Textbook: The Planetary System, Morrison and Owen, 2nd ed., 1996.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 2

Geol. Sci. 205. How the Earth Works: the Dynamic Planet.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 117, 119, or 146 (or 270). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 105 and 107. Those with credit for one of GS 105 and 107 may only elect GS 205 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vdpluijm/gs205.htm

Processes in our continuously evolving Earth have given rise to the formation of an internally-layered planet with continents, oceans and an atmosphere. This continuing activity is manifested by the destructive powers of such phenomena as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, mountain building, and plate motion. Starting with the formation of our Universe and evolution of stars like our Sun, the goal of this course is to present an integrated approach to Earth's unique characteristics, and explain her physical principles using conceptual and factual material. In addition to animations and classroom demonstrations, specifically designed WWW-based material will be used. Two lectures/week; two midterms and final exam. No special background required.

Course reading: Earth Science Today by Murphy and Nance. This course can be taken singly or concurrently with its companion courses (GS 206 and GS 207).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Geol. Sci. 206. How the Earth Works: the Water Cycle and Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lynn Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 206 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course describes behavior of earth materials in the surficial environment. Water is the main transport agent in the geological cycle; its unique properties and exchange rates among oceans, lakes, rivers, and groundwater are one focus. Interaction between water reservoirs and physical and chemical weathering of soils, sediments, and rocks also are discussed. Impact of humans on the surficial environment is a unifying theme because we can affect hydrologic and geochemical cycles. No special background required. Two lectures per week. Evaluation based on exams and participation. This course, and its companion course (GS 205), may be taken singly or concurrently and together constitute a balanced introduction to modern earth science.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 222. Introductory Oceanography.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AOSS 203. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course introduces students to the scientific study of the oceans. Contents include the shape, structure, and origin of the ocean basins; the sedimentary record of oceanic life and conditions in the past; the composition of seawater and its influence on life and climate; waves and currents; the life of the oceans and how it depends upon the marine environment; the resources of the ocean and their wise use by society. The course format consists of lectures and readings from an assigned textbook. The course grade will be based on three one-hour exams and a two-hour final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an optional laboratory intended to provide students with opportunities to explore further various oceanography topics presented in the GS 222 lectures. Laboratory sessions will include sampling procedures, use of equipment, discussions, and demonstrations of how data are generated. The course grade will be based on written laboratory exercises and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 231. Elements of Mineralogy.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Donald Peacor (drpeacor@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 125/130 or 210/211. Those with credit for GS 232 may elect GS 231 for only 2 credits. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is a comprehensive introduction to the nature, properties, structures, and modes of occurrence of minerals. The first three-fourths of the course (three lectures per week) considers the general features of minerals and includes topics such as introductory crystallography, crystal chemistry, and introductory phase equilibria. During the last portion of the course, the principal rock-forming minerals such as feldspars, pyroxenes, and olivines are individually reviewed with respect to properties, structures, genesis, and other characteristics. The laboratory (one three-hour laboratory each week) is divided into three sections: (1) three weeks of morphological crystallography; (2) six weeks of systematic mineralogy during which students become familiar with the properties and associations of approximately seventy-five significant minerals; and (3) four weeks of introduction to the use of the polarizing microscope as applied to both crushed mineral fragments and rock thin sections. There is one required field trip. Introductory optical mineralogy is covered in five of the recitation classes. Geology 231 is a prerequisite to the professional concentration program in the Department of Geological Sciences.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 280/Environ. Stud. 360. Mineral Resources, Economics, and the Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: May not be included in a Geological Sciences concentration plan. (4). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Upper-Level Writing Half QR

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~skesler/gs280.htm

Geology 280 deals with mineral resource-related problems in a complex society. The course discusses the origin, distribution, and remaining supplies of oil, coal, uranium, iron, copper, gold, diamonds, potash, sulfur, gravel, water, and other important mineral resources in terms of the economic, engineering, political, and environmental factors that govern their recovery, processing, and use. Among topics considered are the origin of oil, mineral exploration methods, strip mining, recycling, smelting methods, transport of oil, money and gold, nuclear waste disposal, and taxation vs. corporate profits. Three lectures and one discussion per week. Evaluation by means of quizzes, exercises, and a final exam. Required text: Mineral Resources, Economics and the Environment (S.E. Kesler). A course pack is also required. No previous background in geology is necessary for this course.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 284. Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 148 (or 272). Those with credit for GS 147 (or 271) may only elect GS 284 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~hoaglund/courses.html

Environmental Geology deals with interactions between people and the Earth. It begins with an introduction to geologic materials and processes and goes on to specific topics such as soil, surface and ground water, natural hazards (volcanism, landslides, earthquakes, floods, coastal processes), geomedicine, and waste disposal. Previous experience in geology is not required. The course includes three lectures and one discussion period (in which homework exercises are explained and discussed) per week. Evaluation is by means of quizzes, exercises, and a final exam. A book and exercise pack are required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 305. Sedimentary Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Bruce Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: An introductory geological sciences laboratory course. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Sedimentary Geology is one of several geology core courses required of all concentrators. The course format consists of two lectures, one evening discussion session, and one scheduled two-hour laboratory each week. In addition, three one-day field trips, scheduled from September to November, are required. The lectures will examine the principles and processes of sedimentation, and survey modern surficial environments, aspects of sediment diagenesis, and the tectono-sedimentological evolution of the Phanerozoic North American continent. The laboratory will provide an in-depth familiarization with terrigenous clastic and non-clastic rocks, in hand sample and thin section, and focus on identification of constituent grains, their fabric and classification. Evaluation is based on two lecture examinations, laboratory quizzes and assignments, and field trip projects.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 418. Paleontology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 117, or Biol. 162 (or 154) or 195. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an introduction to the principles, methods of analysis, and major controversies within paleontology. It will familiarize the student with the fossil record (primarily, but not exclusively, of multicellular organisms) and its use in dealing with problems in evolutionary biology, paleoecology, and general earth history. Three lectures weekly; midterm, final examination, and term paper. Required text: Raup and Stanley, Principles of Paleontology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 419. Paleontology Laboratory.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 418. (1). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an introductory laboratory in paleontology. It will involve observation, analysis, and interpretation of fossil specimens (primarily invertebrates) and relevant material of living organisms. Its goal is to give the student experience in dealing with paleontological problems and to develop a familiarity with the systematics and morphology of important groups of fossil organisms. Students should be registered concurrently or previously in GS 418. One three-hour lab weekly; lab exercises, midterm, and final examination. Recommended text: Clarkson, Invertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (3rd ed.).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 420. Introductory Earth Physics.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Math. 116. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~ruff/geo420.F99/overview420.html

An introduction to the physics of the solid earth. Topics included are: seismology and structure of the earth's interior; geodynamics; gravity and the figure of the earth; isostasy; geomagnetism and paleomagnetism and its implications for plate tectonics; geothermics and the thermal history of the earth. Instruction by lecture; student evaluation on the basis of weekly problem sets and a final problem set.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 422. Principles of Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001 http://www-personal.umich.edu/~youxue/GS422.html.

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231, 305, 310 and Chem. 125/130. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~youxue/GS422.html

The course is designed to provide a quantitative introduction to geochemical aspects applied to earth sciences. Topics which will be covered include: abundance of the elements, isotope geochemistry, thermodynamic and kinetic controls of the distribution of the elements; water chemistry; crystal chemistry; geochemistry of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; and geochemical cycles and models. Instruction will consist of lectures and discussion sessions for the homework problems and reviewing of necessary mathematics/physics/chemistry background. The course is primarily intended for seniors concentrating in the geological sciences, but is also open to geology graduate students with advisor approval, and undergraduate or graduate students concentrating in chemistry and related fields. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, a midterm examination, a short term paper, and a final comprehensive examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 425. Environmental Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu) , Philip Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Introductory chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~skesler/gs425.htm

This course deals with geochemistry as it relates to humans and their geologic environment. The intended audience for the course includes advanced undergraduates and graduate students in Geological Sciences, as well as students at a similar level in related divisions such as Chemistry, Natural Resources, Public Health, and Engineering. The course reviews the composition of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere and the ways that they are related to the composition of the biosphere. Special attention is given to naturally-occurring elements and compounds of environmental interest and to geochemical processes of environmental significance. Lecture material is supplemented by problem sets and discussions. Evaluation is based on these assignments, as well as a midterm and a final exam. Reading comes largely from a course pack, class handouts, and research papers.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 433. Field Studies in Economic Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). (BS). May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1-4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Field Studies in Economic Geology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 435. Field Studies in Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric Essene (essene@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). (BS). May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1-4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Field Studies in Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 437. Evolution of Vertebrates.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in general biology or historical geology. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course provides students with a detailed interaction with the facts and hypotheses regarding the origin and evolution of all the groups of vertebrate animals (except mammals see Geol. Sci. 438). Lectures and labs explore the fossil record and history through time of sharks, bony fishes, ancient armored fishes, amphibians, turtles, dinosaurs, pterodactyls, crocodilians, lizards, and birds. Adaptations and extinctions are studied in the context of earth history, paleoecology, and evolution. Three lectures and one lab per week; prerequisites: introductory biology or geology. Graded on the basis of two exams and one term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 442. Earth Surface Processes and Soils.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Upperclass standing; an introductory course in physical geology is recommended but not required. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Study of processes resulting in landforms on the Earth's solid surface and the formation of soils on these landforms. Emphasis includes present-day processes as well as the evolution of landforms over geologic time. GS 442 is intended for a wide, but professional audience: geologists, archaeologists, ecologists, resource managers, civil engineers, at a level appropriate for seniors and first-year graduate students. A previous course in geology is not required, but would be helpful. Lectures, map exercises, and several required field trips to examine landforms and processes in southern Michigan. Grading: a midterm and final exam, and exercises.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 455. Determinative Methods in Mineralogical and Inorganic Materials.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Donald Peacor (drpeacor@umich.edu) , Eric Essene (essene@umich.edu) , Kacey Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu) , Robert Owen (rowen@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: One term of elementary chemistry and physics. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Determinative methods is a course in techniques of analysis of inorganic materials with lectures aimed at providing theoretical background for understanding of the techniques as practiced in laboratory exercises. The major emphasis is placed on X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, atomic absorption. and ICP-MS. Although silicate and mineralogical analysis is emphasized, no background in geology is required. Entrance to the course is by permission of the instructors. The grade is determined by laboratory grades, two midterms, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 465/AOSS 467/Chem. 467. Biogeochemical Cycles.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Mary Anne Carroll (mcarroll@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Math. 116, Chem. 210, and Phys. 240. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

See Chemistry 467.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 467. Stratigraphy.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Theodore Moore (tedmoore@umich.edu) , Bruce Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 305, 310, and 351. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Stratigraphy is an intermediate level course which evaluates the framework for determining the time-space-rock relationship present within the sedimentary record of Earth history. It will provide an understanding of the principles and terminology of stratigraphy (including lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, and chronostratigraphy). These principles will be applied directly to real geological sequences through problem oriented exercises, including exercises in seismic stratigraphic and seismic facies interpretation. Synthesis of tectonic, sedimentologic, and paleontologic data within this context will provide the basis for resolving the environmental and physical evolution of the Earth as a dynamic, interactive system. Prerequisites: an introductory geology course and Sedimentology (GS 305). Recommended background: Structural Geology (GS 351) and Paleontology. Evaluation of student performance will be based on two examinations and ongoing class projects and exercises. This course will satisfy the 400-level requirement.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 477. Hydrogeology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Henry Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu) , Lynn Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Phys. 140/141, Chem. 125/130, and Math. 116; Math. 215/216 are recommended. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course provides an introduction to physical and chemical hydrogeology. Emphasis is on process and direct application to geological settings and fieldwork and problem solving are important course components. The hydrologic cycle, physical rock framework, and properties of aquifer systems will be described and quantified. We will develop and apply transport equations and examples of fluid, watershed and subsurface energy, and chemical transport in porous and fractured geologic media. In addition to stated prerequisites, Math 216 is also strongly recommended. Evaluation is based on weekly practicum/problem sets.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 2

Geol. Sci. 489. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 490.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 490. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 489.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 515. Tectonics of Oceans and Continents.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Rob Van der Voo (voo@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 351. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Geology 515 is a course in general tectonics intended for entering graduate students in geology. It considers modern tectonic processes at plate boundaries and the geologic signitures of past large-scale tectonic events. Most of the present day plate boundaries lie beneath the sea, but ocean basins are relatively young features so it is the continents that preserve the long geologic record of past events. The course will be subdivided into five segments: Introduction and theory development; processes at modern plate boundaries; evolution of new and old ocean basins; modern tetonic systems of the continents; and the geologic history of those systems. Students will be required to read and understand the geological literature, present oral reports, and write papers and research proposals.

Intended Audience: The primnary audience for GS 515 will be the entering graduate students in the Department of Geological Sciences, along with occasional seniors.

Writing Requirements: Students will be required to produce a written scientific report or a research proposal as a term project. Exams will be in essay format.

Student participation: Students will be expected to participate in discussion during the lecture portion of the class. The seminar portion of the class, one hour per week, will be devoted to student presentations. Experience with student presentations in AOSS shows that learning to speak cogently on any given topic takes practice, this course will provide a more comfortable venue for that practice than a student's first major scientific meeting with scores of strangers in the conference hall.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

lsa logo

University of Michigan | College of LS&A | Student Academic Affairs | LS&A Bulletin Index

This page maintained by LS&A Academic Information and Publications, 1228 Angell Hall

Copyright © 1999 The Regents of the University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA +1 734 764-1817

Trademarks of the University of Michigan may not be electronically or otherwise altered or separated from this document or used for any non-University purpose.

This page was created at 8:09 AM on Wed, Sep 29, 1999.