College of LS&A

Fall '00 Graduate Course Guide

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Courses in Geological Sciences (Division 377)

This page was created at 7:55 AM on Fri, Oct 20, 2000.

Fall Term, 2000 (September 6 December 22)

Open courses in Geological Sciences

Wolverine Access Subject listing for GEOSCI

Take me to the Fall Term '00 Time Schedule for Geological Sciences.

To see what graduate courses have been added to or changed in Geological Sciences this week go to What's New This Week.


Geol. Sci. 417. Geology of the Great Lakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: One college level science course. Permission of instructor. (2).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Fresh water is becoming one of mankind's most precious resources. This course investigates the modern physical and chemical nature, and the environmental geology and paleoclimatic history of large lakes, with emphasis on the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America. Topics include introductions to physical limnology (seasonal cycles, circulation, waves), processes of sedimentation in large lakes (including the deposition of clastic, biogenic, chemical, and anthropogenic materials), and methods and results of age-dating and isotopic investigations. Records of both natural and human-caused changes found in lake sediments will be discussed and interpreted by the class. Instruction is by lecture/seminar format. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a class presentation and by a midterm and final exam. Prerequisites are an introductory class in geology, biology or oceanography.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 420. Introductory Earth Physics.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Math. 116. (3).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

An introduction to the physics of the solid earth. Topics included are: seismology and structure of the earth's interior; geodynamics; gravity and the figure of the earth; isostasy; geomagnetism and paleomagnetism and its implications for plate tectonics; geothermics and the thermal history of the earth. Instruction by lecture; student evaluation on the basis of weekly problem sets and a final problem set.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 422. Principles of Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231, 305, 310 and Chem. 125/130. (3).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: https://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2000/fall/lsa/geosci/422/001.nsf

The course is designed to provide a quantitative introduction to geochemical aspects applied to earth sciences. Topics which will be covered include: abundance of the elements, isotope geochemistry, thermodynamic and kinetic controls of the distribution of the elements; water chemistry; crystal chemistry; geochemistry of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; and geochemical cycles and models. Instruction will consist of lectures and discussion sessions for the homework problems and reviewing of necessary mathematics/physics/chemistry background. The course is primarily intended for seniors concentrating in the geological sciences, but is also open to geology graduate students with advisor approval, and undergraduate or graduate students concentrating in chemistry and related fields. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, a midterm examination, a short term paper, and a final comprehensive examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 433. Field Studies in Economic Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-4).May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1-4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Field Studies in Economic Geology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 435. Field Studies in Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric Essene (essene@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-4).May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1-4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Field Studies in Mineralogy, Petrology, and Geochemistry.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 437. Evolution of Vertebrates.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jeffrey Wilson

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in general biology or historical geology. (4).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 442. Earth Surface Processes and Soils.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Upperclass standing; an introductory course in physical geology is recommended but not required. (4).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Study of processes resulting in landforms on the Earth's solid surface and the formation of soils on these landforms. Emphasis includes present-day processes as well as the evolution of landforms over geologic time. GS 442 is intended for a wide, but professional audience: geologists, archaeologists, ecologists, resource managers, civil engineers, at a level appropriate for seniors and first-year graduate students. A previous course in geology is not required, but would be helpful. Lectures, map exercises, and several required field trips to examine landforms and processes in southern Michigan. Grading: a midterm and final exam, and exercises.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 455. Determinative Methods in Mineralogical and Inorganic Materials.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Donald Peacor , Eric Essene (essene@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: One term of elementary chemistry and physics. (4).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Determinative methods is a course in techniques of analysis of inorganic materials with lectures aimed at providing theoretical background for understanding of the techniques as practiced in laboratory exercises. The major emphasis is placed on X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, atomic absorption. and ICP-MS. Although silicate and mineralogical analysis is emphasized, no background in geology is required. Entrance to the course is by permission of the instructors. The grade is determined by laboratory grades, two midterms, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 465/AOSS 467/Chem. 467. Biogeochemical Cycles.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Mary Anne Carroll (mcarroll@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Math. 116, Chem. 210, and Phys. 240. (3).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

See Chemistry 467.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 478. Geochemistry of Natural Waters.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lynn Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: College chemistry. (4).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Principles of low temperature geochemistry applied to the origin and evolution of natural waters. Involves integrated lecture, field sampling, laboratory experimentation, and problem solving to relate chemical equilibrium and kinetic concepts to actual observations of natural and model systems.

Will focus on solution-mineral-gas equilibria and mass transfer, with special emphasis on the interplay between the organic and inorganic carbon systems. Because microbial and biochemical processing are integral to surficial geochemical processes, these will be considered in depth. Near surface (soil solutions, streams, lakes, estuaries and oceans) and subsurface (groundwaters, basinal brines, deep ocean waters) environments will be addressed. Methodology of water collection, field and lab chemical analyses, and computational software application to mineral and solution equilibria will be featured.

Three hours of lecture and a three hour practicum each week. Evaluation based on an observer notebook, problem solving and a research project in the student's area of interest.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Geol. Sci. 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Geol. Sci. 525. Tectonophysics.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Rob Van der Voo (voo@umich.edu) , Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu) , Peter Van Keken (keken@umich.edu) , Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Instructor permission. Graduate standing. (4).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vdpluijm/525outline.htm

  • The three types of plate boundaries; Sea-floor spreading and divergent boundaries, how we measure spreading rates, what parameters are used as input, what evidence is important; Transform faults, seismic focal mechanisms; Convergent boundaries; Displacement vectors on a sphere, Euler poles; Geomagnetism and the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale; Paleomagnetism and apparent polar wander paths; Hot spots; Reference frameworks, true polar wander (TPW)
  • Gravity
    • Homework: Gravitational attraction and gravitational potential: a pointmass, a sphere, a hollow shell, an ellipsoidal figure (reference spheroid), a potato-shaped real earth, the geoid
    • Moments of inertia and relationship to gravitational potential and TPW
    • gravity anomalies, isostasy
  • Heat
    • Heat transport mechanisms: conduction, convection, and radiation.
    • Generation of heat: accretion, radiogenic decay, tidal heating.
    • Present day heat flow from the Earth
    • Plate tectonics and mantle convection.
    • Plumes, Richter rolls and other secondary (?) phenomena
    • Thermal history of the Earth's interior.
    • A planetary perspective: size matters.
  • stress/strain measurement
    • Tensors: Definitions/Notation, Principal Components
    • Stress and Strain: Definitions, Math. and Intuitive Representation, Measurement in Geologic Context
    • Mechanical Equilibrium: Derivation of Fundamental Equations
  • global earth structure
    • Elasticity. Linear: Stress-Strain Relationship, The Elastic Wave Equation, Elasticity of Composites, Anisotropy and
    • Anelasticity, Finite Strain, Reference Frames
    • Global Earth Structure: Body Waves/Surface Waves/Free Oscillations, 1-D Models, Tomography
  • rheological models
    • Fluid Mechanics: Material Derivative, Conservation Equations, Applications (Stokes, R-B linear stability problems)
    • Rheology: Macroscopic Picture, Maxwell Relaxation Time, Non-Newtonian,
    • Microscopic Picture: Defects and Dislocations, Dynamics
  • Brittle and Plastic Deformation: mechanics of faulting, microcracks, crystal plasticity, brittle-plastic transition
  • Geologic processes at plate boundaries: divergent, convergent, transform.
  • Mantle Convection
    • Governing Equations, Relevant Parameter space for the Earth's mantle, Scales of mantle convection, Models of mantle convection (numerical and laboratory experiments)
    • Discussion: focusing on current models of mantle convection and imaging from seismology
  • Plate Tectonics and Mantle Convection
    • Plate Driving Mechanism: Traditional models of plate driving forces, "Fluid dynamical" models of plate driving forces, Balance of forces
    • Plate motions and changes in plate motions: Dynamical consequences and causes
    • Plate boundary and plate deformation: Intraplate stresses
  • Dynamic topography and basin formation
    • Dynamic topography and the geoid: Present-day geoid and dynamic topography, Sea-level record and continental flooding, Impact on climatic events?
    • Plate flexure and basin formation: Definitions and relevant equations, Definitions of the lithosphere (elastic, mechanical thermal, etc), Sediment loading
    • Discussion on: comparing geological record and geophysical observations with dynamical models
    • Geoid and tpw: flooding record on continents, plate motions
  • Lithospheric processes: formation of continents, plate collision, delamination, etc.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 531. Seminar in Geologic Problems.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Bruce Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-3).

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 533. Seminar in Economic Geology.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Stephen Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-2).

Credits: (1-2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 534. Seminar in Geophysics, Tectonics, or Structure.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-2).

Credits: (1-2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 535. Seminar in Mineralogy, Petrology, or Geochemistry.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Joel Blum (jdblum@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-2).

Credits: (1-2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 536. Seminar in Stratigraphy, Paleontology, or Sedimentology.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-2).

Credits: (1-2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 580. Isotope Geology.

Primarily for Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu) , Samuel Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Graduate standing. (3).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course explains from first principles the main radioactive and stable isotopic techniques used in geochemistry and geology. The course also demonstrates the manner in which isotope geochemistry has been utilized to solve some of the major problems in the earth sciences. The Rb-Sr, U-Th-Pb, Sm-Nd, K-Ar radioactive systems, and oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and sulfur stable isotope systems are discussed in detail. It is shown how these methods can be applied to bulk Earth geochemistry, dating of a wide variety of rock types and common geological processes, the age and origin of the Moon and meteorites, crustal evolution, mantle reservoirs, the origins of igneous rocks, crustal thermal histories, sedimentary diagenesis, sedimentary provenance, palaeotemperatures, ore petrology and water-rock interaction. Performance is generally evaluated using continuous assessment, and mid-term and final exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 663. Seismology: Advanced Topics.

For Graduate Students

Section 001

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: "Geol. Sci. 483, Math. 450; Graduate standing. (3).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Elastic wave propagation in layered media, free oscillations, equations of state, source characteristics of earthquakes and explosions, earthquake prediction and advanced instrumentation. Emphasis varies from year to year.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 709. Thesis Research-A.M., M.S.

For Graduate Students

Prerequisites & Distribution: Graduate standing. (1-6). (INDEPENDENT).

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 929. Investigations in Geology and Mineralogy.

For Graduate Students

Prerequisites & Distribution: Graduate standing and permission of instructor. (1-6). (INDEPENDENT).

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

No Description Provided

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Geol. Sci. 990. Dissertation/Precandidate.

For Graduate Students

Prerequisites & Distribution: Election for dissertation work by doctoral student not yet admitted as a Candidate. Graduate standing. (1-8). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1-8; 1-4 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Election for dissertation work by doctoral student not yet admitted as a Candidate.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor

Geol. Sci. 995. Dissertation/Candidate.

For Graduate Students

Prerequisites & Distribution: Graduate School authorization for admission as a doctoral Candidate. Graduate standing. (8). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

Credits: (8; 4 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Graduate School authorization for admission as a doctoral Candidate. N.B. The defense of the dissertation (the final oral examination) must be held under a full term Candidacy enrollment period.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor

This page was created at 7:55 AM on Fri, Oct 20, 2000.


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