Courses in Biology (Division 328)


Spring 1997

152. Introduction to Biology: Term A. Chem. 130 or the equivalent, or Chem. 210 placement. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($32) required.

First term of a two-term introductory sequence (152/154) intended for concentrators in biology, other science programs or preprof studies. Other suitably prepared students wishing detailed coverage of biology are also welcome. The aims of Biology 152/154 are: (1) to provide factual and conceptual knowledge; (2) to afford experience in obtaining and interpreting biological hypotheses; (3) to give an integrated overview of modern biology; and (4) to develop thinking and writing skills. Topics in Biology 152 are divided among four areas: (a) cellular and molecular biology, (b) genetics, (c) evolution, and (d) ecology. Students MUST: (1) attend three 2-hour lectures and two 3-hour lab/discussion sections each week; (2) ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED LAB/DISC MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH THE FIRST WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and (3) RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling. There are usually two midterm exams and a final exam. Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For further information contact the Biology 152/154 office, 1039 Chem Bldg (764-1430). Cost:3 WL:2, but go to 1039 Chem.

154. Introduction to Biology: Term B. Biol. 152. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($32) required.

This course is a continuation of Biology 152, and covers the following topics: (a) plant biology; (b) development; (c) animal structure and function; and (d) animal behavior. The aims and format are the same as those for Biology 152. Students MUST: 1) attend 3 lectures and one 3-hour lab/discussion section each week; 2) ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED LAB/DISC MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH THE FIRST WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and 3) RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling. There will be 2 midterm exams and a final exam. Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For further information contact the Biology 152/154 office, 1039 Chem (764-1430). Cost:3 WL:2, but go to 1039 Chem.

215. Spring Flora of Michigan. Biology 152, 195, or 102. (3). (NS). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.

In this field-oriented course students will learn to sight-identify selected families, genera, and species of flowering plants common in Michigan during the spring. Conifers, ferns, and primitive vascular plants may also be covered. Students will learn to use keys for identification, a skill that will be useful anywhere the student goes in the future. Students will be expected to know the diagnostic characteristics of the plants learned, interpret structures of the vegetative body, flowers, fruits, and seeds, and learn some of the characteristics of exposure, soil moisture, and topography that help predict the occurrence of plant species in our area. Classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays will consist of a lecture followed by a lab; on Wednesdays the whole afternoon will be devoted to a field trip to a local natural area. Grades will be based on several exams plus frequent quizzes in the lab and the field. (Anderson)

305. Genetics. Biol. 152 or 195 (or the equivalent). Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biology 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem. 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Open to students concentrating in the natural sciences or intending to apply for graduate or professional study in basic or applied biology. This introduction to genetics includes the following sections: gene transmission in Eukaryotes, linkage and recombination, gene expression, mutation and recombination, DNA and chromosomes, recombinant DNA, gene regulation, developmental genetics, and population genetics. There are six hours of lecture each week and two discussion sections of one and a half hours each, directed by teaching assistants. The discussion sections introduce relevant new material, expand on and review lecture material, and discuss problem assignments. Grading is based on three exams covering lectures, discussions, reading assignments; exams include new problems that test applications of basic concepts and genetic techniques. A practice problem set is available and is covered in discussion sections or the Genetics Study Center. Two demonstrations of living material and genetic tools are given during the term. Cost:2 WL:1 (Jeyabalan)

310. Introductory Biochemistry. Biol. 152 or 195; and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 311, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem 451. (Excl). (BS).

Introductory Biochemistry is designed to be a general introduction to the chemistry of biological systems. This course will furnish basic information concerning the organization of chemical reactions in cells and will include information on the enzymes that catalyze these reactions as well as on the interactions between different pathways. Topics covered include: amino acid structure and nomenclature, protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, nucleic acids, intermediary metabolism, photosynthesis, and regulation of metabolism. This is a lecture based course with supplementary discussion sections.

325. Principles of Animal Physiology: Lecture. Biol. 152-154 or 195 (or the equivalent) and a year of chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 420. (3). (Excl). (BS).

This course is an introduction to the physiological view of animals and emphasizes zoological rather than human aspects. The course uses evidence from different groups of organisms to identify the general principles of functional mechanisms. It also considers variations in these mechanisms as related to the requirements of the animals but does not attempt a phylogenetic survey. The course is intended for concentrators and pre-medical students in their sophomore, junior, or senior years. The subject matter includes metabolism and temperature regulation, water and ion balance and excretion, digestion, respiration and circulation, and the nervous and endocrine systems. Cost:2 WL:1

326. Animal Physiology Laboratory. Concurrent enrollment in Biol. 325. Students who have taken or intend at a later date to take Biology 325 will not be admitted to Biology 326 without special permission. (2). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($70) required. Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.

These laboratory exercises deal (usually concurrently) with topics covered in the lecture. The laboratory meets for two four-hour sessions a week. Students working in small groups present material for each exercise, collate class data and perform analyses. A term paper and oral presentation are required. Students should have had Biology 325 or be taking it concurrently. Students who intend at a later date to take Biology 325 will not be admitted to Biology 326 without special permission. Cost:2 WL:1

485/Geol. 450. Aquatic Science Field Studies. Junior science or engineering concentrators. Those with credit for GS 223 may only elect GS 450 for 5 credits. (6). (NS). (BS).

See Geology 450. (Jude)


Summer 1997

381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195 (or the equivalent); and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required. Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 201.
This course introduces the basic concepts and principles of ecology as applied to the study of individuals, populations and communities of both plants and animals. Course topics include the role of physical and biotic factors influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, dynamics of single species populations, competitive, predator-prey, and mutualistic interactions, community organization, ecological succession, evolutionary aspects of ecology, and current applications of ecology to problems of environment and resource management. Biology 381 is a suitable prerequisite for intermediate and advanced courses in ecology. There are four lectures a week. The laboratory meets four days a week for three hours at the Matthaei Botanical Gardens, 1800 Dixboro Road. Field trips to outlying study areas are included. Free bus transportation between the Main Campus and the Botanical Gardens is provided. Cost:3 WL:1

Section 711. Taught at the UM Biological Station. See listing below.


Biological Station


C ourses at the Biological Station (May 18 June 12)

381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195 (or the equivalent); and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required. Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. May 18 June 12, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
The study of the factors influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms in nature. Course topics include individual ecology (abiotic and biotic limiting factors), population ecology (population dynamics, competition, predation, and other species interactions), community ecology (species diversity, island biogeography, and succession), and ecosystem ecology (nutrient cycling and global climate change). Lecture and discussion will be supplemented by field laboratory exercises designed to test ecological questions in a variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Students will conduct group research projects and present their results in a symposium at the end of the term. Five days per week. 4 weeks. (Karowe and Heinen)

455. Ethnobotany. Two college level biology courses. (5). (Excl).
Section 711. May 18 June 12, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
Ethnobotany is the direct interaction between people and plants. Culturally, people name plan, classify, and use plants. Behaviorally, they collect, harvest, manipulate, and domesticate plants. Plants impose limitations because of their ecology, reproductive biology, population dynamics, physiology, anatomy, and biochemistry. Ethnobotany considers the equation as an integrated system. We will draw examples in lecture world-wide but concentrate on Native American cultures for our field research problems. In particular, we will consider their methods of plant management, critical aspects of indigenous knowledge for conservation and applied problems, and ethical issues of intellectual property rights as we explore the ethnobotany of particular cultures. Five days per week. 4 weeks. (Ford)

C ourses at the Biological Station (June 21-August 16)

330. Biology of Birds. Two collegiate courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
An introduction to ornithology with emphasis on field identification of the birds of northern Michigan. Field trips are to a variety of habitats in the region. Labs include classification, morphology, and identification of study specimens. Lectures cover a variety of topics in the evolution, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Each student participates in a group project. Wednesday and Saturday. (Cuthbert)

331. Natural History of Invertebrates. Two college-level courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
Taxonomic recognition, ecology, and life histories of aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates (excluding terrestrial insects). Field work will include surveys of various types of aquatic and terrestrial habitats in northern Michigan. Independent projects will be conducted by students. Monday and Thursday. (Burch)

381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195 (or the equivalent); and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required. Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan. (5 credits).
The study of the factors influencing the distribution and abundance of animals and plants. Course topics include individual ecology (abiotic and biotic limiting factors), population ecology (population dynamics, competition, predation, and other species interactions), community ecology (species diversity and succession), ecosystem ecology (nutrient cycling and energy flow), and human impact on the ecosystem. Lecture and discussion will be supplemented by field projects designed to test a variety of ecological questions in a range of terrestrial and aquatic communities. Students will conduct an individual research project at the end of the course. Tuesday and Friday. (Jolls)

442. Biology of Insects. Any college-level biology course. (5). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($35) required. Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
This course introduces students to entomology, emphasizing the diversity of insects, their life histories, ecology and behavior. It does this through identification and natural history study of the orders and major families of insects. Field work will include trips to major habitats of the area for study and collection and short class projects on ecological and evolutionary questions. Laboratory work will include examining basic insect structure and preparation of individual collections. Lecture topics will include coverage of insect groups, evolution and phylogeny, ecology, behavior and physiology. Wednesday and Saturday. (Scholtens)

457. Algae in Freshwater Ecosystems. Two laboratory courses in botany. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
A survey of the algae of northern Michigan with emphasis on taxonomy and ecology. Students become familiar with the algae of streams, bogs, fens, swamps, beach pools, and the Laurentian Great Lakes. Special attention is given to field investigations of periphyton and phytoplankton community ecology and their application to water quality assessment. Monday and Thursday. (Lowe)

457. Algae in Freshwater Ecosystems. Two laboratory courses in botany. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
The course will focus on seven basic areas of wetlands ecology: (1) Characteristics used to identify wetlands (geomorphology, hydrology, soils, vegetation), (2) Classification of wetlands, (3) Adaptations (plant and animal) for living in wetlands, (4) Wetland community structure and ecosystem processes, (5) Wetland biogeochemistry, (6) Wetland functions and values and (7) Management of wetlands (including wetland creation/restoration and jurisdictional wetland delineation). Extensive field work utilizing the diversity of freshwater wetlands (bogs, muskegs, fens, swamps, marshes) found in northern Michigan will expose students to the science and management of wetland ecosystems. Monday and Thursday. (Craft)

475. Conservation Biology and Ecosystem Management. Two courses in the biological sciences including ecology, or permission of instructor. (5). (Excl). (BS).
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
This course draws on biological principles from ecology and genetics relevant to species conservation and ecosystem management. Coverage of each topic will include formal lectures and class discussion, but students will spend the bulk of their time working in groups on field and computer-based projects. Monday and Thursday.

482. Limnology. Three laboratory courses in botany or zoology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
This course introduces the fundamentals of aquatic ecology (with an emphasis on lakes) from an ecosystem-level approach. General limnological principles as well as physical, chemical and biological parameters of lakes will be studied. Biological investigations include an introduction to the ecology and taxonomy of the algae, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, and fishes. Field studies include a comparative lake survey in which students will gain experience in field sampling, laboratory analysis of samples, statistical analysis and interpretation of data for several types of lakes including the Laurentian Great Lakes. Wednesday and Saturday. (Tuchman/Pan)

486. Biology and Ecology of Fish. Two laboratory courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
Field and laboratory studies of fish communities. Field trips will sample a variety of aquatic habitats in the area, with analysis of habitat characteristics and fish community composition. Laboratories and lectures will examine physiological, behavioral, and functional morphological factors that determine possible ("fundamental") habitat range, and modifying organismic interactions such as predation and competition leading to actual ("realized") distributions. Strengths and weaknesses of various research approaches to analysis of communities will be evaluated. Tuesday and Friday. (Webb)

492. Behavioral Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195 (or the equivalent) and one additional course in zoology. (5 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station, which also includes Biology 493). (Excl). (BS).
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan. (5 credits).
Class exercises, field techniques and an individual research project will be used to develop skills in taking behavioral data under field conditions and to test functional hypotheses about behavior from current evolutionary theory. Topics will include: behavior in an evolutionary context, inclusive fitness, parental care and mating systems, and sex differences in behavior and sex allocation. Tuesday and Friday. (Pruett-Jones)

556. Field Botany of Northern Michigan. A course in systematic botany (Biol. 459). (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
A comprehensive field approach to vascular plants of the region, including characteristic species of both terrestrial and aquatic habitats as well as species known for their rarity or distinctive distribution patterns. Students will become familiar with the major plant families of the Great Lakes area, basic terminology and techniques useful in plant identification, the general phytogeography and ecology of the region especially as these relate to recent geological history of the landscape, and field recognition of about 400 selected species. Designed as a second course for students who already have some experience in vascular plant taxonomy, including identification of common families and species. Monday and Thursday. (Voss)

585. Ecology of Streams and Rivers. A previous or concurrent course in limnology, aquatic ecology, phycology, or aquatic invertebrates is recommended. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 21 August 16, 1997 at the Biological Station on Douglas Lake near Pellston, Michigan.
This course takes an integrated approach to the study of population, community, and ecosystem structure and function in flowing water. Observation and experimentation are utilized to explore interactions among algae, aquatic plants, invertebrates, and fish and their physical and chemical environments in streams and rivers. Emphasis will be on basic taxonomy, natural history, growth, competition, predation, and ecosystem theories. Field trips are taken to streams for observation and comparison. Research experiences are emphasized. Wednesday and Saturday. (Stevenson)


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