Courses in Chemistry (Division 334)


Spring 1997


The Chemistry Department has three types of courses available for students starting out toward careers in any of the sciences, engineering, or medicine. Students are placed into these courses according to the results of the tests in chemistry and mathematics that they take during orientation.

For students interested in the sciences, engineering or medicine, either Chem. 130 or Chem. 210/211 can be their starting point. Students who have had a strong course in high school (which may include AP credit in chemistry) are advised to start in Chem. 210 and 211, the laboratory course that accompanies it. Chem. 130 is recommended for all other students.

125. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Laboratory. To be elected by students who are eligible for (or enrolled in) Chem. 130. No credit granted to those who have completed Chem. 211. (2). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($60) required.

This laboratory course can be elected with, or following, Chem. 130. It is intended that students planning to enroll in Chem. 130 that have had little or no previous chemistry laboratory enroll concurrently in Chem. 125. The focus of this guided inquiry laboratory is to foster critical thinking that allows students to design, perform, and interpret experiments. In addition, the student acquires technical skills that are required for further advancement in experimental sciences. Although an ability to collect and analyze data in a quantitative manner is developed, the emphasis of the course is to provide a qualitative understanding of the basic concepts of chemistry. This is accomplished by demonstrating that chemical principles are derived from experimental data. The goal is to provide students both with a more accurate picture of the scientific process and also with skills that are relevant to solving real life problems. Much of the course work is done as a member of a team. Student groups each explore the same problem with each group using different reagents and/or conditions. A networked computer system is used to collect, pool, and summarize the largely qualitative class data. Student groups address questions which require them to organize the class data using commercial graphing software. Group answers are presented in discussion.

The format of the course is organized into three sections. Pre-laboratory reading and questions are completed prior to each multi-period project laboratory. A one-hour lecture provides support for the topics and problems that will be investigated in the laboratory. The second component is performance in the laboratory where team data are shared, analyzed, and evaluated. The third begins in the first hour following the completion of each multi-period project lab where groups communicate their findings during a student led discussion. There is one two-hour written examination that constitutes 30% of the grade. The remaining 70% of the grade is based on the points acquired in laboratory. Cost:2 WL:2 (Kerner)

130. General Chemistry: Macroscopic Investigations and Reaction Principles. Three years of high school math or Math. 105; one year of high school chemistry recommended. Placement by testing, or permission of Chemistry department. Intended for students without AP credit in chemistry. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

This General Chemistry course is intended to fulfill the one term chemistry requirement for students interested in science, or as a natural science elective for non-science concentrators. This course may also be used as the first term in a four or more term chemistry sequence (probably 130, 210/211, 215/216, 340, etc.) for science concentrators and pre-professional students.

Chemistry 130 provides an introduction to the major concepts of chemistry, including the microscopic picture of atomic and molecular structure, periodic trends in the chemical reactivity, the energetics of chemical reactions and the nature of chemical equilibria. Students will be introduced both to the fundamental principles of modern chemistry, the descriptive chemistry of the elements, and to the underlying theories that account for observed macroscopic behavior. In Chem. 130, students will learn to think critically, examine experimental data, and form generalizations about data as chemists do. Chem. 130 will meet three times each week in two hour lecture sections with senior faculty, and twice a week in small group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants. Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for outside of class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, writing assignments, and three term examinations. Cost:4 WL:2 (Weathers)

210. Structure and Reactivity I. High school chemistry. Placement by examination during Orientation. To be taken with Chem. 211. (4). (NS). (BS).

Chemistry 210 is the first course in a two-term sequence in which the major concepts of chemistry are introduced in the context of organic chemistry. Emphasis is on the development of the capacity of students to think about the relationship between structure and reactivity and to solve problems in a qualitatively analytical way. This course is a particularly good first course for students with AP credit in chemistry, Honors students, and other students with a strong interest in chemistry and biology. The course has three 2-hour lectures with the professor and two one-hour discussion sections with a teaching assistant per week. There are three hour examinations and a final examination.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 211. The recitation sections for Chemistry 210 and the corresponding laboratory sections for Chemistry 211 are listed together in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 210. Students must elect both Chemistry 210 (for 4 credits) and Chemistry 211 (for 1 credit). Cost:3 WL:2

211. Investigations in Chemistry. To be taken with Chem. 210. (1). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($67.50) required.

Chemistry 211 is a laboratory introduction to methods of investigation in inorganic and organic chemistry. Students solve individual problems using microscale equipment and a variety of techniques such as thin layer chromatography, titrations, and spectroscopy. The course consists of a four-hour laboratory period with a teaching assistant under the supervision of the professor. Students keep laboratory notebooks, which also serve as laboratory reports. Grades are based on performance in the laboratory and the laboratory notebooks.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 210. The recitation sections for Chemistry 210 and the corresponding laboratory sections for Chemistry 211 are listed together in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 210. Students must elect both Chemistry 210 (for 4 credits) and Chemistry 211 (for 1 credit). Cost:1 WL:2 (Nolta)

215. Structure and Reactivity II. Chem. 210, 211. To be taken with Chem. 216. (3). (NS). (BS).

The emphasis on thinking about structure and reactivity started in Chemistry 210 is continued in Chemistry 215, with the student learning to analyze more complicated structures, ultimately being able to understand and predict the reactivity of large molecules of biological importance, such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. The course has three examinations and a final examination.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 216. Laboratory sections for Chemistry 216 are listed in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 215. Students must elect both Chemistry 215 (for 3 credits) and Chemistry 216 (for 2 credits). Cost:1 WL:2 (Ashe)

216. Synthesis and Characterization of Organic Compounds. Chem. 210, 211. Must be taken with Chem. 215. (2). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($62.50) required.

Chemistry 216 builds on the experimental approach started in Chemistry 211. Students participate in planning exactly what they are going to do in the laboratory by being given general goals and directions that have to be adapted to fit the specific project they will be working on. They use microscale equipment, which requires them to develop manual dexterity and care in working in the laboratory. They also evaluate the results of their experiments by checking for identity and purity using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. Students will be expected to keep a laboratory notebook that will serve as the basis for their laboratory reports.

NOTE: This course is linked to Chemistry 215. The laboratory sections for Chemistry 216 are listed in the Time Schedule under Chemistry 215. Students must elect both Chemistry 215 (for 3 credits) and Chemistry 216 (for 2 credits). Cost:2 WL:2 (Koreeda)

230. Physical Chemical Principles and Applications. Chem. 215. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chem. 260. No credit granted to those who have completed Chem 340. (3). (NS). (BS).

This General Chemistry course is intended as the fourth term in chemistry for science concentrators and pre-professional students, completing the two-year chemistry sequence required by, for example, the medical, dental, and engineering programs. Students who plan to continue beyond a fourth term in chemistry would typically enroll in Chemistry 340 instead of Chemistry 230; credit will not be given for both of these courses. Chemistry 230 explores the physical principles underlying some of the major topics of inorganic and analytical chemistry: the gaseous, liquid, and solid states of matter, phase transitions, solutions, electrochemistry, coordination complexes, spectroscopy and the principles of thermodynamics that explain observed chemical reactions and their equilibria. These topics will be treated from the viewpoint of the experimental scientist, with an emphasis on the application of chemical principles to a wide range of professions. Chemistry 230 will meet three times each week in 2-hour lecture sections with senior faculty and once a week in small 2-hour group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants. Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for after class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, 3 one-hour examinations and a final examination. Cost:2 WL:2 (Rasmussen)

260. Chemical Principles. Chem. 215/216, Math 115, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Phys 140. No credit granted to those who have completed Chem. 340. (3). (NS).

Chemistry 260 is a continuation of Chemistry 130, 210/211, 215/216, and is designed primarily for students in the biological and chemical sciences. The course introduces students to the quantal nature of matter (the Schrdinger equation and the mathematical machinery of quantum mechanics), the basic principles of chemical thermodynamics (1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics) and kinetics (empirical rate laws). In addition, this course introduces students to the fundamental principles necessary to understand spectroscopy (electronic, vibrational, and rotational) and electrochemistry (free energy, Nernst and Faraday's laws). Grading is based on hour exams, problem sets, and a final examination.

261. Introduction to Quantum Chemistry. Chem. 215/216, Math 115, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Phys 140. Chem. 261 is intended primarily for Chemical Engineering students. No credit granted for students that have completed or are enrolled in Chemistry 260. No credit granted to students who have completed Chem. 340. (1).

Chemistry 261 is an introduction to the quantal nature of matter (the Schrdinger equation and the mathematical machinery of quantum mechanics) and the fundamental principles necessary to understand spectroscopy (electronic, vibrational, and rotational). Chemistry 261 is intended for Chemical Engineering students. This course together with Chem. Engin. 330 provides the prerequisites necessary for enrollment in Chemistry 302. Grading is based on problem sets and one hour exam. Chemistry 261 meets only for the first third of the term.

461. Physical Chemistry I. Chemistry 260 (or 340), Physics 240, and Math. 215. No credit granted to those who have completed Chem. 397 or 469. (3). (Excl).

This is the second of the three term physical chemistry sequence Chemistry 260/461/463. Chemistry 461 builds on the introduction to quantum mechanics that was given in Chemistry 260. Students will use the Schrdinger Equation in 1, 2, and 3-dimensions to solve exactly a series of important chemical problems including the harmonic oscillator, the rigid rotor, and the hydrogen atom. Group theory is introduced as an aid for understanding spectroscopic selection rules. Advanced spectroscopy, including transition probabilities, normal vibrational modes, and photoelectron spectroscopies are introduced and then used to deduce molecular structure. The valence-bond and molecular orbital theories of chemical bonding are discussed, and methods for performing quantum chemical calculations, including variational and perturbation methods, are introduced. The quantum mechanics of spin and angular momentum are discussed and used to interpret magnetic resonance spectra.

NOTE: Students are strongly encouraged to elect the Computational Chemistry Laboratory (Chemistry 462, 1 credit) in the same term that Chemistry 461 is taken.

462. Computational Chemistry Laboratory. Math 215, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 461. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces modern computational tools for symbolic mathematics and for graphical display (Mathematica and Maple). Examples are given of the use of these tools for solving problems in quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry, including exploration of the functional forms of wave functions, solutions of simple differential equations, and diagonalization of Hamiltonians. Molecular modeling software (HyperChem and CAChe) is introduced and used to perform both ab initio and semi-empirical quantum chemical calculations. The examples used are taken largely from the topics discussed in Chemistry 461.

NOTE: Students are strongly encouraged to elect the second term of Physical Chemistry (Chemistry 461, 2 credits) in the same term that Chemistry 462 is taken.

463. Physical Chemistry II. Chemistry 461/462. No credit granted to those who have completed Chem. 396 or 468. (3). (Excl).

This is the third of the three term physical chemistry sequence Chemistry 260/461/463 and builds on material presented in both previous courses. The rigorous mathematical theory of classical thermodynamics will be developed, including applications to entropy, heat engines, solution properties, and phase and chemical equilibria. Modern statistical thermodynamics will be introduced. Modern theories of fundamental reaction rates will be used built on the phenomenological kinetics introduced in Chemistry 260. Methods for determining and understanding solid state structures will be discussed, building on group theory introduced in Chemistry 461.


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