Spring/Summer Course Guide

Courses in Biology (Division 328)

Spring

Summer

Spring/Summer

Spring Half-Term, 1998 (May 5-June 23, 1998)

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152. Introduction to Biology: Term A. Chem. 130, or Chem. 210 placement. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($32) required.

First term of a two-term introductory sequence (152/154) intended for concentrators in biology, other science programs or preprofessional studies. Other suitably prepared students wishing detailed coverage of biology are also welcome. The aims of Biology 152/154 are: (1) to provide factual and conceptual knowledge; (2) to afford experience in obtaining and interpreting biological hypotheses; (3) to give an integrated overview of modern biology; and (4) to develop thinking and writing skills. Topics in Biology 152 are divided among four areas: (a) cellular and molecular biology, (b) genetics, (c) evolution, and (d) ecology. Students MUST: (1) attend three 2-hour lectures and two 3-hour lab/discussion sections each week; (2) ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED LAB/DISC MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH THE FIRST WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and (3) RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling. There are usually two midterm exams and a final exam. Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For further information contact the Biology 152/154 office, 1039 Chem Bldg (764-1430). Cost:3 WL:2, but go to 1039 Chem.
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154. Introduction to Biology: Term B. Biol. 152. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($32) required.

This course is a continuation of Biology 152, and covers the following topics: (a) plant biology; (b) development; (c) animal structure and function; and (d) animal behavior. The aims and format are the same as those for Biology 152. Students MUST: (1) attend 3 lectures and one 3-hour lab/discussion section each week; (2) ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED LAB/DISC MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH THE FIRST WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and (3) RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling. There will be two midterm exams and a final exam. Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For further information contact the Biology 152/154 office, 1039 Chem (764-1430). Cost:3 WL:2 , but go to 1039 Chem.
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215. Spring Flora of Michigan. Biol. 152, 195, or 102. (3). (NS). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.

In this field-oriented course students will learn to sight-identify selected families, genera, and species of flowering plants common in Michigan during the spring. Conifers, ferns, and primitive vascular plants may also be covered. Students will learn to use keys for identification, a skill that will be useful anywhere the student goes in the future. Students will be expected to know the diagnostic characteristics of the plants learned, interpret structures of the vegetative body, flowers, fruits, and seeds, and learn some of the characteristics of exposure, soil moisture, and topography that help predict the occurrence of plant species in our area. Classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays will consist of a lecture followed by a lab; on Wednesdays the whole afternoon will be devoted to a field trip to a local natural area. Grades will be based on several exams plus frequent quizzes in the lab and the field. (Anderson)
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305. Genetics. Biol. 152 or 195. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem. 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Open to students concentrating in the natural sciences or intending to apply for graduate or professional study in basic or applied biology. This introduction to genetics includes the following sections: gene transmission in eukaryotes and prokaryotes, linkage and recombination, gene expression, mutation and recombination, DNA and chromosomes, recombinant DNA, gene regulation, developmental genetics, and population genetics. There are six hours of lecture each week and two discussion sections of one and a half hours each, directed by Graduate Student Instructors. The discussion sections introduce relevant new material, expand on and review lecture material, and discuss problem assignments. Grading is based on three exams covering lectures, discussions, reading assignments; exams include problems that test applications of basic concepts and genetic techniques. A practice problem set is available and is covered in discussion sections. Two demonstrations of living material and genetic tools are given during the term. Cost:2 WL:1 (Jeyabalan)
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310. Introductory Biochemistry. Biol. 152 or 195; and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 311, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Introductory Biochemistry is designed to be a general introduction to the chemistry of biological systems. This course will furnish basic information concerning the organization of chemical reactions in cells and will include information on the enzymes that catalyze these reactions as well as on the interactions between different pathways. Topics covered include: amino acid structure and nomenclature, protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, nucleic acids, intermediary metabolism, photosynthesis, and regulation of metabolism. This is a lecture based course with supplementary discussion sections. (Nolta)
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381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195; and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($50) required.
Section 711. (May 17 to June 11 at the Biological Station) .
The study of the factors influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms in nature. Course topics include individual ecology (abiotic and biotic limiting factors), population ecology (population dynamics, competition, predation, and other species interactions), community ecology (species diversity, island biogeography, and succession), and ecosystem ecology (nutrient cycling and global climate change). Lecture and discussion will be supplemented by field laboratory exercises designed to test ecological questions in a variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Students will conduct group research projects and present their results in a symposium at the end of the term. (Karowe and Heinen)
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455. Ethnobotany. Two college-level biology courses. (5). (Excl). (BS).
Section 711. (May 17 to June 11 at the Biological Station).
Ethnobotany is the direct interaction between people and plants. Culturally, people name plan, classify, and use plants. Behaviorally, they collect, harvest, manipulate, and domesticate plants. Plants impose limitations because of their ecology, reproductive biology, population dynamics, physiology, anatomy, and biochemistry. Ethnobotany considers the human-plant equation as an integrated system. We will draw examples in lecture world-wide but concentrate on Native American cultures for our laboratory research problems and numerous field trips. In particular, we will consider their methods of plant management, critical aspects of indigenous knowledge for conservation and applied problems, and ethical issues of intellectual property rights as we explore the ethnobotany of particular cultures. Native Americans from Northern Michigan will be class guests. (Ford)
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Summer Half-Term, 1998 (June 29-August 18, 1998)

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381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195; and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($50) required.
Section 101.
This course introduces the basic concepts and principles of ecology as applied to the study of individuals, populations and communities of both plants and animals. Course topics include the role of physical and biotic factors influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, dynamics of single species populations, competitive, predator-prey, and mutualistic interactions, community organization, ecological succession, evolutionary aspects of ecology, and current applications of ecology to problems of environment and resource management. Biology 381 is a suitable prerequisite for intermediate and advanced courses in ecology. There are four lectures a week. The laboratory meets four days a week for three hours at the Matthaei Botanical Gardens, 1800 Dixboro Road. Field trips to outlying study areas are included. Free bus transportation between the Main Campus and the Botanical Gardens is provided. Cost:3 WL:1
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Courses at the Biological Station (June 20-August 16)

330. Biology of Birds. Two collegiate courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
An introduction to ornithology with emphasis on field identification of the birds of northern Michigan. Field trips are to a variety of habitats in the region. Labs include classification, morphology, and identification of study specimens. Lectures cover a variety of topics in the evolution, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Each student participates in a group project. (Cuthbert)
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331. Natural History of Invertebrates. Two college-level courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
More than 98% of all animals number of species, number of individuals, biomass are invertebrates, i.e., "animals without backbones." In the Biological Station area they are the insects, crayfish, millipedes, spiders, snails, clams, earthworms, leeches, bryozoans, tardigrades, nematodes, rotifers, planarians, sponges, etc. The course includes recognition, ecological distribution, species diversity, behavior, and life histories of selected aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Field studies will include visits to various types of aquatic and terrestrial habitats in northern Michigan. Independent projects will be conducted by students. *Students registering for graduate credit will be required to do additional course work. (Burch)
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381. General Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195; and a laboratory course in chemistry. (6 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
The study of the factors influencing the distribution and abundance of animals and plants. Course topics include individual ecology (abiotic and biotic limiting factors), population ecology (population dynamics, competition, predation, and other species interactions), community ecology (species diversity and succession), ecosystem ecology (nutrient cycling and energy flow), and human impact on the ecosystem. Lecture and discussion will be supplemented by field projects designed to test a variety of ecological questions in a range of terrestrial and aquatic communities. Students will conduct an individual research project at the end of the course. (Jolls)
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431. Ecology of Animal Parasites. Two laboratory courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
Various ecological aspects of animal parasite populations will be studied including life cycles, species diversity, diel and seasonal periodicity, intra- and interspecific competition, host specificity, longevity, recruitment, pathology and parasite-induced behavioral changes in the host. Field and laboratory techniques for studying these host-parasite relationships will be emphasized. (Blankespoor)
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442. Biology of Insects. Any college-level biology course. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($35) required.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
This course introduces students to entomology, emphasizing the diversity of insects, their life histories, ecology and behavior. It does this through identification and natural history study of the orders and major families of insects. Field work will include trips to major habitats of the area for study and collection and short class projects on ecological and evolutionary questions. Laboratory work will include examining basic insect structure and preparation of individual collections. Lecture topics will include coverage of insect groups, evolution and phylogeny, ecology, behavior and physiology. (Scholtens)
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453. Field Mammalogy. Two laboratory courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
An introduction to the study of mammals. Students will learn methods of studying mammals in the field by carrying out a series of projects on the wild mammals of northern Michigan. These projects will be designed to give familiarity with areas of active research on the ecology of mammals and practical experience with the excitement and headaches of formulating hypotheses, carrying out field work, and analyzing data. Some familiarity with elementary statistics is helpful but not necessary. (Myers)
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457. Algae in Freshwater Ecosystems. Two laboratory courses in botany. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
A survey of the algae of northern Michigan with emphasis on taxonomy and ecology. Students become familiar with the algae of streams, bogs, fens, swamps, beach pools, and the Laurentian Great Lakes. Special attention is given to field investigations of periphyton and phytoplankton community ecology and their application to water quality assessment. (Lowe)
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475. Conservation Biology and Ecosystem Management. Two courses in the biological sciences including ecology. (5). (Excl). (BS).
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
This course will help students synthesize principles of ecology with ideas from population biology, geology, hydrology, law, and policy, in order to understand both the theory and practice of conservation. Course topics include rarity, extinction, the meanings of "natural," metapopulation dynamics, succession and disturbance, management of invasive species, the importance of geology and soils to ecosystem management, watershed management, ecoregionalism and issues of scale, laws affecting biodiversity conservation, interactions of government with non-governmental organizations, and integration of human economies with conservation goals. Coursework will include lectures, discussions, debates, field trips, and group projects. Each group of 3-5 students will draw up a detailed site conservation plan for a nearby natural area. (Jules, Madsen)
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482. Limnology. Three laboratory courses in botany or zoology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
This course introduces the fundamentals of aquatic ecology (with an emphasis on lakes) from an ecosystem-level approach. General limnological principles as well as physical, chemical and biological parameters of lakes will be studied. Biological investigations include an introduction to the ecology and taxonomy of the algae, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates, macrophytes, and fishes. Field studies include a comparative lake survey in which students will gain experience in field sampling, laboratory analysis of samples, statistical analysis and interpretation of data for several types of lakes. (Pan, Tuchman)
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486. Biology and Ecology of Fish. Two laboratory courses in biology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
Field and laboratory studies of fish communities. Field trips will sample a variety of aquatic habitats in the area, with analysis of habitat characteristics and fish community composition. Laboratories and lectures will examine physiological, behavioral, and functional morphological factors that determine possible ("fundamental") habitat range, and modifying organismic interactions such as predation and competition leading to actual ("realized") distributions. Strengths and weaknesses of various research approaches will be evaluated. (Webb)
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492. Behavioral Ecology. Biol. 152-154 or 195, and one additional course in zoology. (5 in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station, which also includes Biology 493). (Excl). (BS).
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
Class exercises, field techniques, and an individual research project will be used to develop skills in taking behavioral data under field conditions and to test functional hypotheses about behavior from current evolutionary theory. Topics will include: behavior in an evolutionary context, inclusive fitness, parental care and mating systems, and sex differences in behavior and sex allocation. (Pruett-Jones)
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556. Field Botany of Northern Michigan. A course in systematic botany (Biol. 459). (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
A comprehensive field approach to vascular plants of the region, including characteristic species of both terrestrial and aquatic habitats as well as species known for their rarity or distinctive distribution patterns. Students will become familiar with the major plant families of the Great Lakes area, basic terminology and techniques useful in plant identification, the general phytogeography and ecology of the region especially as these relate to recent geological history of the landscape, and field recognition of about 400 selected species. Designed as a second course for students who already have some experience in vascular plant taxonomy, including identification of common families and species. (Voss)
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585. Ecology of Streams and Rivers. A previous or concurrent course in limnology, aquatic ecology, phycology, or aquatic invertebrates is recommended. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.
Section 711. June 20 to August 15 at the Biological Station.
This course takes an integrated approach to the study of population, community, and ecosystem structure and function in flowing water. Observation and experimentation are utilized to explore interactions among algae, aquatic plants, invertebrates, and fish and their physical and chemical environments in streams and rivers. Emphasis will be on basic taxonomy, natural history, growth, competition, predation, and ecosystem theories. Field trips are taken to streams for observation and comparison. Research experiences are emphasized. (Holomuzki)
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Spring/Summer Term, 1998 (May 5-August 18, 1998)

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