Introduction to Course
The Fall Term Course Guide is published by LS&A
Academic Information and Publications, University of Michigan,
G411 Mason Hall, 764-6810; Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1027.
This edition contains 100- through 500-level course descriptions
provided by the instructors on or before March 19. While every
effort is made to make the Course Guide complete, gaps
are inevitable. LS&A Academic Information and Publications
continues to accept descriptions after the March 19, 1999 deadline,
and these late descriptions will be available as received on
the LS&A Student Academic Affairs Homepage at:
An accurate and current course description helps students
in their academic planning. Descriptions are published in the
LS&A Course Guide for distribution to LS&A students
at least one week before early registration. They are prefaced
with the course number, title, prerequisite(s), and other information
from the updated LS&A Bulletin.
Descriptions generally begin with a statement of the subjects
(topics, themes, methods, and include any recommended special
background that is not already listed in the course prerequisite).
Instructors usually indicate the basis of student evaluation
(exams, papers, etc.); the texts which will be required;
and the method(s) of instruction (lecture, lab, discussion).
A Sample Course Listing
S&SEA 2501/Asian Studies 253.2
Undergraduate Seminar in South and Southeast Asian Culture.3
Culture Courses 4
Prerequisites & Distribution: No knowledge
of any Asian language required.7 (3).8
(HU).9 May be repeated with department permission.
First-Year Seminar, 10
No Data Given.12
See Asian Studies 253.001.15
Check Times, Location, and
- The course number.
- Indication that this is a cross-listed course with another
department or program, giving the name of the cross-listing unit
and the course number in that unit.
- The course title. For cross-listed courses the course title
is always the same in each cross-listing unit.
- Indication of a group or subgroup of courses within the division
to which the course belongs.
- The Section Title (course subtitle) for the description.
Not all courses or sections have section titles.
- The instructor(s) name(s) with email, if provided. If instructors
have a personal homepage, this is linked with thier name.
- Indication of a course prerequisite. Sometimes, but not in
this case, this will be the listing of a specific course or courses.
Remember that not all courses have prerequisites; such courses
are open to all students.
- Indication of the number of credits granted for successful
completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours,
are the same as Michigan Semester Hours (MSH).
- Designation of the area distribution category into which
the class falls. In this instance, S&SEA 250, a course which
is also listed and may be elected as Asian Studies 253, earns
distribution credit in the area of Humanities (HU). Other courses
may earn distribution credit in the areas of Natural Science
(NS), Social Science (SS), Mathematical and Symbolic Analysis
(MSA), or Creative Expression (CE) or they may be designated
as Excluded (Excl) from counting toward the distribution requirements
for a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.
If this course were approved to be used in the 60 credits
of approved courses in the physical and natural sciences and/or
mathematics required for the Bachelor of Science degree, a (BS)
would appear here. If this course were approved to meet the QR
requirement, the designation (QR/1) or (QR/2) would
appear in the course header information.
If this course were approved to meet the language requirement,
the designation (LR) would appear in the course header
If this course were approved to meet the introductory composition
requirement, the designation (Introductory Composition) would
appear in the course header information.
- This row provides graphical and textual indication of various
requirements and programs that this section either satisfies,
or of which it is affiliated.
- Indication of the number of credits granted for successful
completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours,
are the same as Michigan Semester Hours (MSH). This indication
is different from item seven above in that this indicates if
the course has different credit hours during the half term.
- Indicates the Cost code for the section. The Cost link will
open a small window that displays the dollar amounts associated
with each code number.
- Indicates the Waitlist code for the section. The Waitlist
link will open a small window that displays the Waitlist procedures
associated with each code number.
- Provides a link to the course/section homepage, if provided
- The section description, or, if the course is cross-listed
or a meets-together section, a link to the home division of the
course, which will contain the description.
- A realtime link the Wolverine Access that provides the times,
location, and realtime availability for the course.
COURSE NUMBERS: The University numbers courses
100 through 999. This numbering system does not always mean that
courses with higher numbers are more difficult. Rather, the number
system reflects degrees of specialization. Courses numbered on
the 100 and 200 levels are usually designed for students with
little previous knowledge of a subject, and are often taken by
first-year students. In many cases such courses must be taken
before more specialized courses on the 300 and 400 levels can
be taken, but this is not always true, and you should study the
requirements of different departments before deciding which courses
RENUMBERED COURSES have their course numbers
followed by a former course number in parentheses. When renumbering
or reorganization has left the division unchanged, only the previous
course number is given; if the division has also changed, the
previous division name and course number appear. A reorganized
or renumbered course cannot be repeated for credit without special
CROSS-LISTED COURSES are sponsored by more
than one department or program and may be elected through any
of the participating departments. Cross-listings are denoted
by a slash appearing between departmental titles.
Descriptions for cross-listed courses only appear in the "home"
department, but the course title and instructor's name will appear
under the other department(s).
COURSE TITLES are in bold type, and follow
the course number.
PREREQUISITES appear immediately after the
- Course equivalence. Unless otherwise stated, the
phrase "or equivalent" may be considered an implicit
part of the prerequisite for any course. When a student has satisfactorily
completed a course(s) believed to be substantially equivalent
to one listed as a prerequisite, the student must consult the
instructor or department. If equivalency is determined to have
been satisfied, election may be approved.
- Permission of instructor. The phrase "or permission
of instructor" may be considered an implicit part of the
statement of prerequisites for any course. When permission is
a stated requirement, or when a student does not have the stated
prerequisite for a course but can give evidence of sufficient
background, the student should obtain approval from the instructor
or department concerned.
EXCLUDED COMBINATIONS OF ELECTIONS are designated
in the course listing of affected courses.
THE CREDIT SYMBOL denotes the official undergraduate
credits that may be earned for the course. Credit is granted
in semester hours. Except for small seminars where the reading
and/or writing requirements are intensive, one credit represents
no less than one hour of class meeting time each week of the
term, and usually represents two hours of work outside of class
for each class hour.
INSTRUCTORS for the term are indicated in
parentheses at the end of the description.
THE AREA DISTRIBUTION designation is approved
by the LS&A Curriculum Committee. A course may be approved
with the designation Natural Science (NS), Social
Science (SS), Humanities (HU), Mathematical
and Symbolic Analysis (MSA), Creative Expression (CE),
Language Requirement (LR), Introductory Composition
(INTRODUCTORY COMPOSITION), or Excluded (Excl).
Courses approved with the designation "Language Requirement"
or "Introductory Composition" may not be used as part
of an area distribution plan. If an introductory language course
is designated "Excluded" (Excl), it may not be used
to satisfy the LS&A language requirement. Courses designated
"Excluded" (Excl) may not be included in an area distribution
COURSES SATISFYING CERTAIN COLLEGE REQUIREMENTS ARE
SO LISTED. (BS) means that the course may be
used toward the 60 approved credits required for the B.S. degree.
Courses meeting or partially meeting the Quantitative Reasoning
requirement are designated (QR/1) or (QR/2). Courses
with Standard Approval for meeting the Race & Ethnicity (R&E)
requirement are so indicated. Other courses may meet the R&E
or QR requirements on a term-by-term basis and are listed in
the introductory pages of the LSA Course Guides.
A SPECIAL GRADING PATTERN associated with
a particular course is indicated in the course listing. Some
courses offered by the College are offered MANDATORY CREDIT/NO
CREDIT, and the notation "Credit" or "No Credit"
is posted on the transcript.
EXPERIENTIAL, INDEPENDENT STUDY, AND TUTORIAL
courses are so designated. For information concerning LS&A
policies about counting credit earned in Experiential, Independent
Study, and Tutorial courses toward a degree, see the LS&A
REPETITION of a course that varies in content
from term to term is permitted only under certain conditions.
When a department or program has a policy about the repetition
of a course for credit, that policy is included in the course
listing. The general statement "May be repeated for credit
with permission" usually means "With permission of
a concentration advisor." In all other instances, a student
must get permission from both the department or program and the
Academic Standards Board to repeat a course for credit. Generally,
a course may be elected for credit once only.
LABORATORY OR OTHER SPECIAL FEES are indicated
if known, but are subject to change without notice.
CAEN Lab Access fee. Non-Engineering/CompSci
students taking Engineering courses have to pay the CAEN Lab
Access fee. The CAEN Lab Access fee is based on the tuition differential
that Engineering students have to pay. The current fee for 1998-99
(subject to change) was:
- $95 per semester for non-Engineering/Computer Science freshmen
- $170 per semester for juniors, seniors and graduate non-engineers.
Payment may be made at the CAEN Office, 2161 Media Union.
This fee must be paid each semester and only provides lab access
for the current semester. Your CAEN account enables you to log
on to any CAEN lab workstation.
COST AND WAITLIST
Information about the cost of books/materials for courses
and about various course waitlist procedures is keyed as explained
below. This information can be found at the end of individual
descriptions preceding the instructor's name. The cost information
comes first, followed by the waitlist information.
The books/materials for this course:
1 – Cost less than $50.
2 – Cost $50 or more, but
less than $100.
3 – Cost $100 or more, but
less than $150.
4 – Cost $150 or more.
If the course is closed through Touch-Tone Registration,
1=Get on the WAITLIST through Touch-Tone Registration, and
then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures
for handling the waitlist will be explained there.
2=Go to the department office to
get on a WAITLIST, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies
and procedures for handling the waitlist will be explained there.
3=Visit the faculty office to see
the instructor about getting an OVERRIDE into the course.
4=Wait until classes start, and then
attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for issuing
overrides will be explained there.
A NOTE ON CLASS SIZE: Courses numbered on
the 100 and 200 level, especially those which are prerequisites
for more advanced courses, often have large enrollments. Class
size in such courses can range as high as 500, although enrollment
of 100 to 200 students is more common. To reduce size, many of
these introductory courses are taught in sections. Each section
covers the same material but has a different instructor and meeting
time. For example, sections of Introductory Composition are limited
to 22 students, and language sections are limited to 25 (much
smaller in some languages, e.g., 15 in Japanese). In
addition, many of the larger courses on the 100 and 200 levels
set aside a weekly class or two for small discussion sections
led by teaching assistants. The presence of teaching assistants
in such courses should not deter first-year students from trying
to get to know the professor. Most professors welcome contact
with freshmen and are troubled by the tendency of large classes
to make contacts more difficult for students. First-year students
should always feel free to see professors during their office
hours and should not suppose that they must have specific (and
profound) questions in mind before visiting.
A Cautionary Note on CRISP
Waitlists: Touch-tone registration Waitlists that begin
when a course or section has filled with registered students
serve a number of uses for faculty, departments, and the College.
From the students' perspective, however, there is one important
fact to know about how waitlists work. All students should be
aware that there is no general rule that when overrides are issued
for a class they must be written for students as they appear
in numerical order on the waitlist. The waitlist exists to let
the faculty member know who and how many students have waitlisted
a particular section or course. And yes, the student names do
appear on the list in the chronological order in which students
added themselves to the list. No individual faculty member or
department is obligated, however, to issue overrides by this
numerical ordering. It may be felt that other criteria weigh
more heavily. For example, class standing (senior, junior, etc.)
or whether the student is a concentrator in the department
or not may be considered more important than what number a student
is on the waitlist. In fact, the only general guess one can reasonably
make is that the rule of strictly following the waitlist number
is pretty much restricted to lower-level courses that largely
enroll first-year students (not all lower-level courses do this).
What does this mean, then, for a student who is about to complete
a touch-tone registration? It means that having what appears
to be a very good (low) number apparently assuring a place in
a class may be, in fact, no guarantee at all. The best advice,
then, is NOT to exit touch-tone registration without a full schedule
of classes that could be lived with for the coming term. This
may seem unnecessarily pessimistic because of the suggestion
that not all students may end up with their preferred choices
in class scheduling, but the advice is intended to be helpful
because it offers the most protection. Also, please waitlist
only those classes or sections you can attend, and remember that
waitlisting for multiple sections of a course does not really
help with getting into the course.
Policy on Class Attendance
A. It is critical that students attend classes
from the beginning of the term. Even though students may be registered
officially for a course, departments may give away a student's
place in a course if the student does not attend:
- the first meeting of biology, chemistry, and physics laboratories
- the first meeting of English Composition Board courses
- either of the first two meetings of English courses
- the first meetings of History 396 and 397
- either of the first two meetings of language courses in the
Romance Languages department
- the first two meetings of courses in other departments
At the same time, departments are not obligated to withdraw
students officially from the course, even though the student
has been informed that his/her place in a course has been taken
Students are responsible for the accuracy of their
schedules and must be sure that all drops are processed
through Touch-Tone Registration during the normal drop/add period.
B. Students are expected to attend classes
regularly. When the instructor considers the number of absences
excessive, that is, when a student's absence from a course endangers
that student's satisfactory academic progress, the instructor
may send a written report on the case to the appropriate advising
Concerted absence from any appointed duty by a class or by
any number of students together will be regarded as improper
conduct, and those participating in such action shall be liable
to disciplinary action.
Members of athletic teams must present to each instructor,
prior to each absence because of the membership on athletic teams,
a written statement signed by the appropriate authority specifying
the exact date of any such proposed absence.
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