Winter '00 Course Guide

Courses in Biology (Division 328)

Winter Term, 2000 (January 5 April 26, 2000)

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Biol. 102. Practical Botany.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): George Estabrook (gfred@umich.edu) , Michael Frohlich (mfroh@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($50) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($50) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 102 is an introductory course about plants and how they are used by people. Each week there are two one-hour lectures, one afternoon two-and-a-half hour lab at the Botanical Gardens, and one one-hour discussion on main campus. Lecture topics include: what plants look like; how plants work; how they make their living in nature; using this knowledge to landscape your house, caring for your house plants, and growing your gardens; medicinal plants; plant breeding; agriculture and food; environmental and psychological importance of plants.

In the lab, each student has his/her own personal space in a greenhouse to grow plants that can be taken home during the term. Lab activities may include: looking at plants; planting seeds; growing plants; rooting cuttings; making medicinal salve; testing soil; preserving garden produce; making hanging baskets; using plant dyes; making bonsai; grafting plants; making wine; and forcing bulbs to flower. The text, An Illustrated Guide to Gardening, will be useful throughout your life. The only prerequisite is your interest in plants. You MUST attend the first lecture and first lab for which you are registered to retain your place; your attendance throughout the term determines part of your grade. Please put your name on the waitlist (room 2039 Nat. Sci.) immediately if you cannot register before the course closes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 5, Sign waitlist on door of 2039 Natural Science Building.

Biol. 108. Introduction to Animal Diversity.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Philip Myers (pmyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The goal of this course is to describe the diversity of animals. Students will learn about the diversity of animal life, accumulate information and experience that will enhance their appreciation of the natural world, and gain background to enable them to better understand current issues concerning biodiversity and conservation. Lectures will be presented by faculty who work with the animals being considered. Topics for each group of animals studied will include a description of diversity, evolutionary background, natural history, and issues concerning conservation or biodiversity. Students will attend three lectures and one discussion section per week. Grades for the course will be based on three midterms, a paper, and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 118. AIDS and other Health Crises.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Bender (rbender@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is designed for non-majors with a minimal background in the sciences. The course focuses on the concepts of health and disease and their impact on society. It also focuses on the impacts of the structures and attitudes of society on health and disease. We will examine a number of health crises, especially AIDS, from the multiple viewpoints of science, medicine, public health, law, social prejudices, mass media, high culture, and the historical effects of health and disease. Specific topics will include extensive discussions of the tragic story of Mary Mallon (Typhoid Mary) and Syphilis from 1880 to the present, as well as some discussion of cholera, tuberculosis, influenza, and the black death. About one third of the course will be devoted to AIDS. The course consists of two 90-minute lectures per week and a 1-hour discussion led by a graduate student instructor. Grades are based on five in-class exams and an optional final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 120. First Year Seminar in Biology.

Section 001 Injecting Creativity Into Science.

Instructor(s): Robert Fogel (rfogel@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Creativity is considered of paramount importance in business, engineering, and science. Creativity and zest have become the prime creators of economic value in business with a concomitant increase in books about creativity. In contrast, methods of evaluating and fostering creativity have received much less attention in Biology. In this course, we will explore creativity from the perspective of different disciplines, explore methods for increasing individual creativity, and examine characteristics common to especially creative environments. Grades are based on hourly exams, written assignments, and a project.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 120. First Year Seminar in Biology.

Section 002 Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Instructor(s): Alice Reinarz (areinarz@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

During the age of discovery of antibiotics, medical scientists often expressed confidence in winning the "War on Disease." Microbes have prevailed, however, and recent news is filled with accounts of recurring and previously unknown threats. This seminar will examine clinical victories and failures to contain infectious diseases. Models will include polio, influenza, HIV infections, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and Ebola. This course is limited to 20 first-year students. The class will be primarily discussion format and will include oral presentations by students. The grade will be based on class discussion, group presentation, and written assignments.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 120. First Year Seminar in Biology.

Section 003 Evolution of Life.

Instructor(s): David Shappirio (dshap@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

In science, theory is based on evidence, and theory evolves with new knowledge. This seminar focuses on some major questions in Biology, together with ideas and evidence that come from other sciences. What are the kinds of organisms? What evidence argues that they are related? If related, how and why have they become different since life started. Is a billion years sufficient? Two? Three? Four? What do other sciences tell us about organization of recent and past organisms? What may we predict about our future? Students will be asked to participate in discussions based on readings, and to write two or three brief papers. The recent book, Vital Dust by Nobel laureate Christian de Duve, is most relevant; copies will be on reserve.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 124. Cells, Cancer, and Society.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lewis Kleinsmith (lewisk@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Not open to biology concentrators. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 224. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course has no prerequisites and uses lecture and discussion sections to introduce non-science concentrators to the science of cancer biology. The term will be divided into three basic sections. (1) First, we will describe the basic concepts in cell and molecular biology that must be understood before students can comprehend the mechanisms that lead to the development of cancer. (2) Next, we will use this information to explain current ideas regarding the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer. (3) And finally, we will discuss the relevance of this information to social issues such as governmental regulation of environmental cancer-causing agents. Emphasis will be placed on the critical thinking skills that are needed to evaluate the claims that continually appear in the news media regarding the latest "breakthroughs" in cancer research. Students will be evaluated through three examinations and a term paper project.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 130. Animal Behavior.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Payne (rbpayne@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course is an introduction to the behavior of animals in their natural environment. Social behavior of birds, mammals, and insects is emphasized. Topics include: the environment as animals perceive it, natural selection and adaptations, development of behavior, communication, sexual cooperation and mate choice, social behavior of animals in groups, the importance of family relationships, and the evolution of traditions.

The course objectives are to gain a background in the natural behavior of animals and to explain the evolution of behavior. By the end of the course you should be able to: (1) evaluate the evidence that behavior is shaped by natural selection; (2) recognize the interaction between environmental modification and genetic determination; and (3) explain sexual behavior, aggressive behavior, and social interactions in terms of evolution. The course consists of lectures, readings, slides, and movies. Grades are based on two midterms and a final exam; exams are multiple choice. Texts: The Selfish Gene (rev. ed., R. Dawkins) and Animal Behavior, an Evolutionary Approach (6th ed., J. Alcock).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 162. Introductory Biology.

Section 001 This Course Is Intended For Students Planning to Concentrate In Biological or Other Science Programs, Including Premedical Programs. Not Open to Those Who Have Completed Biol 152, 154, Or 195. Every Student must Reserve Mon, 6-8 Pm For Exams. Exams Will

Instructor(s): Marc Ammerlaan (mcammer@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 130. Biology 162 is not open to students who have completed Biol. 152, 154 Or 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (5). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($68) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($68) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 162 is a one-term introductory course intended for concentrators in biology, other science programs, or preprofessional studies. Other suitably prepared students wishing detailed coverage of biology are also welcome. The aims of Biology 162 are: (1) to provide factual and conceptual knowledge; (2) to give an integrated overview of the central tenets of modern biology; (3) to afford experience in obtaining and interpreting biological hypotheses; and (4) to develop thinking and writing skills. Topics in Biology 162 are divided among four areas: (a) cellular and molecular biology; (b) genetics; (c) evolution; and (d) ecology.

Students MUST: (1) attend 3 lectures, 1 one-and-a-half hour discussion, and 1 three hour lab section each week; (2) ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED DISCUSSION AND LAB MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH MONDAY MEETINGS IN THE SECOND WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and (3) RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling. Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual, and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For Honors credit, register for one of the Honors discussion/lab sections. For further information, contact the Introductory Biology office, 1039 Chemistry Building (764-1430).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 200. Undergraduate Tutorial.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of faculty member in biology. (2). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is intended for sophomores learning research and laboratory techniques, working under close supervision of a faculty member. It may also be used for directed readings at an appropriate level. It includes reading on a significant topic and regular consultation with the faculty member chosen to supervise the work. The required paper could be on the scientific literature in a broad field, on biological issues on which the student may want to do continuing work, or on the detailed results of research in a biological specialty. Conferences, seminars, readings, and assigned writings are used to develop critical perspectives on modern biological problems and to provide breadth and sense of historical continuity in biological thought.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 201. Introduction to Research in the Life Sciences.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Richard Hume (rhume@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Grade of B+ or better in Biology 162 (or 152 or 154). (1). (Excl).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is designed to help students identify potential mentors for independent lab or field research. This course is particularly appropriate for students in Biology 162 or 305, 310, or 311 who hope to join the junior/senior Honors Program of the Biology Department. Membership in the LS&A freshman-sophomore Honors Program is not required.

This course will introduce students to the diversity of research opportunities and approaches to research in the biological sciences that are available on the Michigan campus, by having a variety of scientists who sponsor undergraduate research visit the class. Some of the scientists will be from the Department of Biology, while the rest will be from the Medical School and other schools at the University of Michigan. Students in the class will be evaluated based on two short papers, an oral presentation to the class, and on their participation in class discussion. Weekly reading assignments will form the basis of class discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 222. From Message to Mind: An Introduction to Neurobiology.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Bruce Oakley (boakley@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

An introduction to molecular, cellular, and systems-level neurobiology. Topics include: (1) bioelectricity; (2) intercellular communication; (3) sensory transduction and processing; (4) motor function; (5) the neural basis of learning and selected regulatory behaviors; and (6) development of the brain and sensory systems. Students will be evaluated by exams and participation in discussion. There are three lecture hours and one discussion hour per week.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 225(325). Principles of Animal Physiology: Lecture.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Karen Ocorr (kocorr@umich.edu) , Paul Webb (pwebb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 and a year of chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 420. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.snre.umich.edu/~pwebb/225home.html

This course is an introduction to the physiological view of animals and emphasizes zoological rather than human aspects. The course uses evidence from different groups of organisms to identify the general principles of functional mechanisms. It also considers variations in these mechanisms as related to the requirements of the animals but does not attempt a phylogenetic survey. The course is intended for concentrators and pre-medical students in their sophomore, junior, or senior years. The subject matter includes metabolism and temperature regulation, nervous and endocrine system controls and integration, respiration and circulation, water and ion balance, excretion, digestion, reproduction, and immune system function. There are three one-hour lectures a week, three one-hour examinations, and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 226(326). Animal Physiology Laboratory.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Sushama Pavgi (spavgi@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in Biol. 225 (or prior enrollment in 325, with permission). Students who have taken or intend at a later date to take Biol. 225 will not be admitted to Biol. 226 without special permission. (2). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (2).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

These laboratory exercises deal (usually concurrently) with topics covered in the lecture. The laboratory meets for one four-hour session a week. Students working in small groups present material for each exercise, collate class data, and perform analyses. A term paper and oral presentation are required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 281. General Ecology.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): George Estabrook (gfred@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 and 154) and a laboratory course in chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 381. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Ecology is the science by which we study how organisms (animals, plants, and microbes) interact in and with the natural world. These interactions result in changes, over space and time, in the abundance of organisms of different kinds. Biology 281 is a survey of topics in the science of ecology including: physical properties of the environment and how organisms respond to them; how organisms interact with each other within species and between species; population dynamics; ecological communities; and indirect effects. There are 2 lectures and one 2-hour discussion per week. Students are expected to read the text: The Economy of Nature 4th edition by R. E. Ricklefs. Grades will be based on attendance and participation in discussions, and on five in-class, short-essay exams. Biology 281 is intended for natural science concentrators. Students who have completed (or nearly so) the prerequisites for their natural science concentration will be better prepared to take Biology 281.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 300. Undergraduate Research.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Eight credits of biology and 3.0 grade point average in science; permission of faculty member in biology. (1-3). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 300 intended primarily for juniors, including Honors students, who wish to pursue independent research or study at an intermediate level in an area of biological science. Students may ask an appropriate faculty member in the Department of Biology to direct the research project and supervise related readings. The project may take the form of an investigation of new problems in the field or laboratory, a detailed investigation of primary sources (a literature survey), development of new procedures or programs, design of a classroom experiment, etc. A final paper is required and must be approved by the research advisor.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 301. Writing for Biologists.

Section 001 Open to Prospective Concentrators Who Have Completed the Prerequisites and to Those Who Have Formally Entered One of the Concentration Programs In Biological Sciences.

Instructor(s): Robert Helling (helling@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195, and completion of the introductory composition requirement. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Upper-Level Writing

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 301 has been designed to help biology concentrators improve their writing AS BIOLOGISTS. Competence in writing in biology requires critical evaluation of one's work. In order to encourage the development of critical thinking, students critique published work as well as write essays, reviews, and research reports. The heart of the course lies in the weekly interaction between staff and student through discussion both in class sections and one-on-one. A weekly lecture provides structure and continuity and allows consideration of other topics such as interviewing and resume writing, ethics in biology, and the nature of science and creativity.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 302. Teaching Experience for Undergraduates.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). May not be included in any of the Biological Sciences concentration programs. (EXPERIENTIAL).

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Undergraduates participating in this course are responsible for (1) aiding regularly assigned Graduate Student Instructors; (2) providing tutorial help for undergraduates enrolled in the course; (3) meeting regularly with discussion and laboratory sessions; and (4) participating with Graduate Student Instructors in instructional activities.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 305. Genetics.

Section 001 Exams Will Be Held Mondays, Feb. 7, Mar. 13, and Apr. 3, 6:00-8:00 pm

Instructor(s): Steven Clark (clarks@umich.edu) , Ronald Ellis (ronellis@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152) or 195. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem. 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Open to students concentrating in the natural sciences or intending to apply for graduate or professional study in basic or applied biology. This introduction to genetics includes the following sections: DNA and chromosomes; gene transmission in Eukaryotes; linkage and recombination; genes and enzymes, the genetic code, and mutation; recombinant DNA, RFLP mapping, the Human Genome Project; gene regulation, transposons; population genetics; and quantitative genetics.

There are three hours of lecture each week and one discussion section directed by GSIs. The discussion sections expand on and review lecture material, and discuss problem assignments. Grading is based on three term exams and a final covering lectures, discussions and reading assignments. Exams include new problems that test applications of basic concepts and genetic techniques. A practice problem set is available and is covered in discussion sections or the Genetics Study Center. The three term exams are given Monday nights.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 306. Introductory Genetics Laboratory.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Santhadevi Jeyabalan (sjeyabal@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 305. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course provides students with laboratory experience on basic genetic principles. Students will analyze patterns of inheritance, gene interaction, linkage relationship, and genetic mapping of unknown mutants of Drosophila through a series of genetic crosses. By using molecular techniques such as Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and gel electrophoresis, mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans will be mapped to chromosomal locations. The experiments in microbial genetics include mapping by conjugation in E. coli, recombination analysis by transduction using bacteria and phage, and complementation tests on "his" mutants of yeast. Experiments in Human Population Genetics include calculating allelic frequencies of PTC tasting in the class.

Students will also be doing DNA fingerprinting of a VNTR locus using their own squamous epithelial cells. One hour lecture on Mondays 1-2 PM and one three-hour lab are scheduled each week; additional 3-4 hours of lab time per week is expected at irregular times. Students are expected to write one formal lab report and to keep a complete and accurate record of all results and analyses in a bound lab notebook. There are two tests given during the term.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 308. Developmental Biology Laboratory.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Santhadevi Jeyabalan (sjeyabal@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 307. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($45) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($45) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The Biology 307 prerequisite for this course is waived for winter 2000.

This course provides students with the opportunity to study first hand the development of a number of live vertebrate and invertebrate embryos, specifically sea urchin, amphibian, and chick embryos. In addition to observation of normal embryogenesis, students perform several of the experimental analyses which have contributed to a basic understanding of developmental processes.

Exercises focus on fertilization, developmental morphology, induction, determination and differentiation of various tissues, metamorphosis, and regeneration. In addition to one hour lecture and one scheduled three-hour laboratory session each week, students are expected to spend about three additional hours in the laboratory each week. Grades are based on three laboratory tests, a term paper, and lab notebook evaluation. Maintenance of a lab notebook for a complete and accurate record of observations and experimental results is required. There is a required lab manual.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 310. Introductory Biochemistry.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Karen Ocorr (kocorr@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152) or 195; and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 311, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio310/310home.html

Introductory Biochemistry is designed to be a general introduction to the chemistry of biological systems. The biweekly lectures for this course cover basic information on biomolecules and the organization of chemical reactions in cells. Students are also exposed to the strategies used by cells and multicellular organisms to coordinate the activity of various metabolic pathways. Topics covered include: protein structure and function; enzyme kinetics; intermediary metabolism; photosynthesis; transcription; translation; and the hormonal regulation of metabolism.

In addition to the lectures, there is a weekly discussion session which has a project-based format. Students are provided with an opportunity to become more actively involved in their own learning experience. Students will have the chance to further explore the relationship between Biochemistry and the world around them through weekly mini-presentations. A variety of weekly projects are designed to help students master the material using the Internet, scientific literature, etc. Discussion sessions are informal, allowing students ample opportunity to discuss the lecture topics and ask questions. There is an extensive web site for this course providing students with numerous additional resources to help them master the material (http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio310/). Grades in this course are based on performance in the discussion session, two in-class exams, and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 311. Introductory Biochemistry.

Section 001 Orientation Meeting Wed., Jan. 5, 6-7 P.M., N S Aud. Self-Paced, Personalized System of Instruction. Optional Lectures On Thursdays from 12-1, 4140 N S. Midterm Exam Wed., Feb. 23, 6:00 9:00 P.M. Final Exam Thurs., April 20, 6:00-9:00 pm

Instructor(s): Marcy Osgood (mosgood@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152) or 195; and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 310, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio311/

This course is taught by a self-paced, personalized system of instruction. Students interact, according to their own schedules, with undergraduate TA's. The student takes both a written and an oral quiz for each of 12 units which is graded and evaluated by the TA. If mastery is attained, the student may proceed to the next unit. Grades are assigned according to the number of units successfully completed and performance on the midterm and final examinations. This system is designed to take into consideration different rates of individual learning as well as to eliminate competition among students. TA's are available approximately 75-80 hours/week.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 321(209). Introductory Plant Physiology Lectures.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jianming Li (jian@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195; college physics recommended. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is offered for students who are curious about how plants do the things they do in their everyday life. The main objective of the course is to provide students with an overview of plant molecular and physiological processes and how they are influenced by environmental factors. Major topics will include plant and cell architecture, plant water relations and mineral nutrition, photosynthesis and cellular respiration, plant growth and development, plant hormone and their signal transduction, plant defense and stress physiology. The course material will be presented in a lecture format, but discussion and questions are very much encouraged. There will be two tests and a final examination for the course. Students must purchase the assigned textbook.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 341. Parasitology.

Biological Evolution and Diversity

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Barry OConnor (bmoc@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195. (4). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/curators/bmoc/bio341/

This course concentrates on the biology of animal/animal interactions including parasitism, commensalism, and mutualism. The focus is primarily evolutionary and ecological, with emphasis on the origins and development of such associations. The organismal approach will be stressed in studies of Protozoa, various helminth groups and arthropods, with examples including parasites of medical and veterinary importance. Discussions of host-parasite interactions will include co-evolutionary perspectives as well as traditional approaches. No specific background other than introductory biology is required, although courses in ecology and evolutionary biology will be helpful. Students will be evaluated on the basis of two hour-exams, a lecture final, a term paper, laboratory quizzes and a practical examination. This course consists of three lectures and one lab weekly.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 390. Evolution.

Biological Evolution and Diversity

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Mindell (mindell@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154). (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4; 5 in the half-term in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This is a comprehensive lecture and recitation section course covering the evolution of organisms. This includes critical examination of: the origin of evolutionary thought, evolution at the molecular level, genetic change among populations and higher taxa, natural selection, speciation, phylogenetic systematics, the fossil record, development, patterns of extinction, biogeography, coevolution, and human evolution. Weekly discussions will focus on primary literature. Two midterm tests and one cumulative final exam will test students' knowledge of lecture material. Writing assignment(s) based on readings from the primary scientific literature will be required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 400. Advanced Research.

Prerequisites & Distribution: 12 credits of biology, 3.0 average in science, and permission of faculty member in biology. (1-3). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Intended for those engaged in original research at an advanced level. This course number is most frequently elected by senior Honors students who have completed Biology 300 and who are completing their research and writing their thesis. A final paper is required. (Refer to the description of Biology 300 for more information.)

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 401. Advanced Topics in Biology.

Section 001 Principles of Ecology and Evolution: Application to Environmental Issues.

Instructor(s): Earl Werner (eewerner@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). (BS). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The prerequisite for this section of Biology 401 is a course in ecology.

This course will be held Winter Term of 2000. The course will feature a group of six distinguished ecologists from around the world who will each spend a week in residence at the University of Michigan. The visiting lecturers will deliver three lectures in their area and conduct a discussion section with the students. In addition, they will be available to talk individually with students during the week.

In alternate weeks when a visitor is not in residence, the course will meet to discuss the work of the next visitor and related work. The topics covered will include food web dynamics, dynamics of tropical forests and maintenance of biodiversity, the evolution of life histories, metapopulation dynamics and conservation biology, disease ecology, and the relation of ecological anad economic principles. All of these topics will be related to current environmental issues.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 401. Advanced Topics in Biology.

Section 002 Genomes and Genomics.

Instructor(s): John Langmore (langmore@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). (BS). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The life sciences are being revolutionized by genomics, the systematic study of organismal DNA. Genomics is redefining biology as an information science. The ultimate premise of genomics is that all heritable structures and functions of an organism will someday be determined by analysis of the DNA sequence.

Genomics has already made significant improvements in disease diagnosis and treatment, drug discovery, and genetic manipulation, and has led many multinational pharmaceutical, agricultural, and chemical companies to redefine themselves as life science companies. This course will focus on the structure and dynamics of bacterial, plant and animal genomes, the experimental and computational methods used to study DNA, the use of sequence information in biology and medicine, and the ethical and legal questions of genomics. The course will mix lectures by Dr. Langmore and guest speakers, discussion, and reading of original literature and reviews.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 412. Teaching Biochemistry by the Keller Plan.

Section First Meeting Thurs. Jan. 6, 1:00 pm

Instructor(s): Marcy Osgood (mosgood@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 311 and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). This is a graded course. May not be included in any of the Biological Sciences concentration programs. (EXPERIENTIAL).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio311/proctor.shtml

Undergraduates who previously have taken an introductory biochemistry course act as TAs for Introductory Biochemistry (Biology 311). TAs meet with the instructor for a two-hour class each week for lectures, presentations, and discussions of teaching and biochemistry. TAs also prepare a report on a recent advance in biochemistry which they present to their peers and the instructor. The major roles of the TAs are to examine the students on their mastery of unit material and to help the students with explanations supplementary to the textbook. At the completion of an instructor-generated written quiz, the student and TA grade the quiz together. TAs learn considerable biochemistry by repeated teachings of unit materials and, in addition, profit from their experience as teachers and evaluators.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3: permission of instructor

Biol. 413. Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eran Pichersky (lelx@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415; and Biol. 305. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This is a project lab in which students learn to identify and analyze plant genes and gene products using the latest techniques of molecular biology. Emphasis will be on genes encoding unique plant characteristics. Students will first isolate genes from DNA libraries of various plant species. They will then analyze the sequence of genes they have isolated by DNA sequencing, and will characterize their copy number and expression levels by various techniques such as Southern blots, Northern blots, etc. The genes will then be manipulated to produce the gene products (i.e., proteins) in a bacterial system.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 415. Plant Constituents and Their Functions.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Noodén (ldnum@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 154) or 195 and one term of organic chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~ldnum/bio415/415home.html

Lectures surveying the major secondary compounds in plants, their functions in plants, and their effects on animals. The compounds, which are grouped primarily according to a functional rather than structural basis, include: pigments, fragrances, hormones, allelopathic agents, toxins (including mycotoxins and carcinogens), medical compounds, hallucinogens, plant defenses against pathogens, and others. They are considered in terms of their value to plants, their mode of action, and their evolution or potential use as phyletic markers.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 426. Molecular Endocrinology.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Cunming Duan (cduan@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415; and Biol. 325 or 418. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio426/intro.html

This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive overview on the latest advances in our understanding of how hormones work at the molecular and cellular level in vertebrate animal systems, including humans. This course is intended for advanced undergraduate students, pre-medical students, and beginning graduate students. The course will begin with an overview of the vertebrate endocrine systems. We will then examine several topics, including growth factor biology, hormone receptors, intracellular signal transduction pathways, and hormonally regulated gene expression. A portion of this course will be devoted to discussing specific topics (i.e., hormones and cancer, environmental endocrine disrupters, etc.) and reading relevant research publications. Students are expected to have a basic familiarity with biochemistry and/or animal physiology. Courses in endocrinology and cell and molecular biology are helpful but not required. Grades will be based on three examinations.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 427. Molecular Biology.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001 Midterm Exams Will Be Held Monday Evenings, Feb. 7 and Mar. 20, 6-8 pm.

Instructor(s): Robert Helling (helling@umich.edu) , Ruthann Nichols (nicholsr@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305; and Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Comprehensive coverage of the general principles governing the structures, synthesis, and functions of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the context of the cell. Emphasizes understanding methods and interpretation of data. Topics include genome organization, DNA replication and transposition, chromosome segregation, transcription and translation, the processing of macromolecules, signal transfer, and regulation at various levels. Two lectures per week are supplemented by a 1.5 hour discussion section.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 428. Cell Biology.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001 Midterm Exams Will Be Held Tuesday Evenings, Feb. 8, and Mar. 21, 6-8 pm

Instructor(s): James Bardwell (jbardwel@umich.edu) , Kenneth Cadigan (cadigan@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305; and Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. Students with credit for Biol. 320 must obtain permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio428/

Biology 428 is designed to provide students with a comprehensive overview of the biology of eukaryotes and prokaryotes at the cellular and molecular level. This course is intended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. The information is presented at a level that requires students to integrate information from their other biology, chemistry, and biochemistry courses. Topics include: cell structure and function; cell membranes; intracellular organelles and cytoskeleton; inter- and intra-cellular signaling; cell development and cell cycle. Students will be expected to integrate the scientific data presented in class as well as to read and interpret basic research drawn from the current scientific literature. Grades will be based on four exams and the discussion section.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 429. Laboratory in Cell and Molecular Biology.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric Mann (ericmann@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 427 or 428, or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 428. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. Chem. 416 or 516. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course consists of two lectures and one four hour laboratory session each week. Additional time outside of scheduled lab sessions may be required. The lectures introduce basic cell biology and virology, and give the background for techniques used in the laboratory. The laboratory sessions introduce microscopy and staining, electrophoresis and cell culture. Grades are based on WEEKLY QUIZZES, two lecture exams and a lab grant proposal. The course can be used to satisfy requirements in the Cell and Molecular Biology concentration and Microbiology concentration. It is also appropriate for the Biology concentration.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 430. Molecular Biology of Plants.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eran Pichersky (lelx@umich.edu) , Charles Yocum (cyocum@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305; and 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The topic of this course is major advances in understanding molecular processes in plants, and the contribution of molecular biological techniques to these advances. The course is intended for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. The course will begin with an overview of the basic techniques of plant molecular biology such as cloning and sequencing of DNA, transformation, and analysis of gene expression. We will then examine selected topics in detail, including genome structure and the evolution of genes, proteins, and biochemical pathways, photoreception, photosynthesis and respiration, and the synthesis of secondary products. We will read and then discuss research publications in class. Student performance will be evaluated on the basis of class presentations and participation, and two take-home examinations.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 437. Biology of Invertebrates.

Biological Evolution and Diversity

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Burch (jbburch@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195, or introductory geology and two additional natural science courses. (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($55) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($55) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Animal diversity is reviewed with emphasis on all but vertebrate animals (most animals are invertebrates; the vertebrates account for only a part of one of the animal phyla). The distinctions between the animal phyla and theories regarding their geological history and evolution are emphasized. A phylogenetic perspective is presented for a better understanding of animal architecture, patterns of development, and adaptations to the environment. The basic life functions that all animals share are also emphasized. The course consists of lectures and laboratory (practical, i.e., hands-on) sessions. The laboratory emphasizes the study of living animals, but supportive preserved material is also included. Evaluation of student accomplishment is by written and practical laboratory examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 472. Plant-Animal Interactions.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Beverly Rathcke (brathcke@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biology 281 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

In this course, we will examine the ecology and evolution of the interactions between plants and animals and fungi including herbivory, pollination, dispersal and resource mutualisms. Current theory, hypothesis testing and empirical approaches will be examined in depth. The format will include two 1.5 hour lectures with interactive discussions per week. Readings will be from the current literature. No textbook is required. Assignments will include short papers or essays, a term paper with peer review, and an oral presentation. This course is intended for upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 476/NR&E 476. Ecosystem Ecology.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): George Kling (gwk@umich.edu) , Donald Zak (drzak@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: An ecology course in the department of Biology, or an ecology course approved by the instructor; and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Ecosystem Ecology focuses on current theories regarding the control and function of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, the approaches and techniques being used to test these theories, and the application of theory to the management and restoration of ecosystems. The scope includes examples from terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems. Prerequisites: Prerequisites: General Ecology and a 400-level course in Aquatic or Terrestrial Ecology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 483. Limnology: Freshwater Ecology.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Lehman (jtlehman@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Advanced undergraduate or graduate standing, with background in physics, chemistry, biology, or water-related sciences. (3). (Excl). (BS). (QR/1).

Full QR

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Lakes and lake processes will be discussed from the perspective of identifying environmental problems and using scientific knowledge to solve the problems. We will use a series of case studies that include Lake Michigan and other Great Lakes as well as other lakes in North America, Europe, and Africa. The academic emphasis of the course will be on understanding and integrating the causes and effects of physical, geological, chemical, and biological aspects of lake environments. Grades will be based on two 1-hour exams, a final examination, and a paper that proposes a solution to a conceptual problem posed by the professor. This course meets Biology concentration requirements in the area of Ecology and Evolution.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 484. Limnology Laboratory.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Lehman (jtlehman@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in Biol. 483. (3). (Excl). (BS). (QR/1). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Full QR

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Field and laboratory techniques in aquatic science. Several field trips to local lakes during both ice cover and open water conditions will enable students to master sampling and measurement techniques for acquiring physical, chemical, and biological data. Laboratory work will include chemical analysis of lake water, taxonomy and counting methods for aquatic biota, use of automated data acquisition technology, and experimental methods applicable to lake plankton communities.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3,4

Biol. 487/NR&E 409. Ecology of Fishes.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Edward Rutherford (edwardr@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: One course in ecology. (Lectures: 3 credits; lectures and lab: 4 credits). (Excl). (BS).

No Description Provided

Check Times, Location, and Availability


Biol. 492. Behavioral Ecology.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Brian Hazlett (bhazlett@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154) or 195, and one additional course in zoology. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4 in Ann Arbor; 5 in the half-term; 5 at Biol. Station, which also includes Biology 493).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The objective of this course is to acquaint students with the subject of animal behavior. All types of behavior and their ecological ramifications are considered; both vertebrate and invertebrate examples are utilized. The course approaches behavior from a zoological viewpoint; emphasis is placed on understanding the methods of investigation used in the study of animal behavior. Consideration of physiological mechanisms is given, as well as discussion of the evolutionary framework in which behavior patterns evolve.

The course is divided into two sections. In the first, the types of factors which affect behavior are discussed. During the second part of the course, functional categories of behavior (feeding, orientation, agonistic, sexual) are discussed with an emphasis on bringing together as many factors as possible in an attempt to understand the control (both proximate and ultimate) of these behaviors at all levels. Although Biology 152-154 or equivalent are required, it would be best to have at least one of the following three areas before taking the course: genetics, ecology, or neurophysiology. Students who wish to obtain a more complete background should plan to take Biology 422 and/or Biology 494 either before or after taking Biology 492. Methods of instruction: (1) lectures and discussion are the primary means of instruction; (2) a text is also utilized, as are a number of outside readings; (3) there are two hourly lecture exams and a short term paper, as well as a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 496/NR&E 425. Population Ecology.

Ecology and Population Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): James Breck (breck@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: General ecology and NR&E 438; calculus recommended. (4). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement.

No Description Provided

Check Times, Location, and Availability


Biol. 513. Microbial Genetics.

Molecular and Cellular Biology

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Janine Maddock (maddock@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Genetics; and microbiology or biochemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Lecture and discussion focus on analysis of original papers dealing with the genetics of E. coli and other prokaryotes. Topics include mutation and repair, transposition and rearrangement, chromosome maintenance, gene-transfer and acceptance, regulation, and variation and evolution. Midterm, oral report, and/or discussions.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Biol. 526/Chem. 526. Chemical Biology II.

Section 100.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Chemistry 525. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 402 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). (BS).

No Description Provided

Check Times, Location, and Availability


Biol. 541/Anatomy 541/Physiology 541. Mammalian Reproductive Endocrinology.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Development

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Douglas Foster (dlfoster@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course provides an overview of the hormonal regulation of mammalian reproduction at the behavioral, physiological, cellular, and molecular levels. Topics include basic and clinically-orientated material related to properties and mechanisms of action of the pituitary gonadotropic hormones and gonadal sex steroids, the neural control of reproduction, reproductive behavior, anatomy and endocrine regulation of the testis and ovary and of the male and female reproductive tracts, endocrine control of menstrual and estrous cycles, mechanisms of fertilization and implantation, and the endocrine basis of pregnancy and fertility regulation. Primarily, for upper-level undergraduates or graduate students with a strong background in biology. Prior exposure to Biochemistry is recommended. Evaluation is by written examinations and presentation of a poster. The course is team-taught by several members of the multi-departmental Reproductive Sciences Program.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

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