Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

See History of Art 222. (Gazda)

323. Introduction to Field Archaeology. (3). (HU).

The course is intended for students who have developed a fascination with archaeological "digs" on historical sites in Europe and the Mediterranean. No previous excavation experience is necessary, and no background in other archaeology or ancient history courses is necessary although they could be useful. The course tries to show the purpose of an excavation, the techniques used, and the kinds of information about the past which an excavation can and should provide. Many of the lectures are illustrated with slides. Opportunities for fieldwork and training excavations are available (for extra credits) during the summer. There will be at least two papers required, as well as midterm and final. Textbook is P. A. Barker, Techniques of Archaeological Excavation, supplemented by a course pack. (Humphrey)

437/Hist. of Art 437. Egyptian Art and Archaeology. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 437. (Root)

531/Hist. of Art 531. Aegean Art and Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

A survey of the major sites of Greece, Crete, and the Cyclades in the Bronze Age, with particular reference to architectural and ceramic development and interdependence. Architectural questions to be addressed will include the origins of the Minoan palatial complexes (Knossos, Phaistos, Mallia, Zakro) and the Mycenaean megara (Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, etc.) and the spread of architectural ideas across the Eastern Mediterranean. Pottery problems will include those of the varieties of ceramic production (Minyan) in Middle Helladic Greece, and of the stylistic and chronological relationship between Cretan, Cycladic, and Mainland shapes in the Late Bronze Age. Archaeological evidence, stratigraphic and otherwise, will be brought to bear on historical problems such as the date of the arrival of the first Greek speakers in Greece, the destruction sequence at the end of the third millennium, the date of the volcanic eruption of Thera, the reasons for the demise of the Minoan civilization, the historicity of the Siege of Troy and the thalassocracy of Minos. Students who have taken C.A. 221 (Introduction to Greek Archaeology) will have some familiarity with some of the material, but 221 is not a prerequisite. Undergraduates and graduate students will be welcome. There will be an hour exam, a paper, and a final. (Pedley)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already taken Greek 101 in the Fall Term. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 103. (Section 001 Fant; section 002 Cameron)

103. Intensive Elementary Greek. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, or 310. (5). (FL).

In order to provide a more flexible program for students who desire to study ancient Greek but who have been unable to begin the regular course sequence in the Fall Term, the Department of Classical Studies plans to offer a winter-term intensive course in beginning Classical Greek. This course is designed to cover all of Greek grammar and the rudiments of reading, and to prepare the beginning student to enter the regular second-year reading course in the Fall Term or an intermediate course in the Spring or Summer Half-term. In view of the large amount of material to be covered, the course will meet five days a week for one hour, with a supplementary open study session available. Additional materials for summer study and review will be provided at the end of the term to help students prepare more fully for Greek 301 in the fall. (Henderson)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric grammar and vocabulary. The class will translate and discuss readings from the Odyssey. Weekly quizzes; midterm and final exams (no papers). (Cameron)

307. The Gospels of Mark and Matthew. (2). (HU).

The Synoptic Gospels will be read in their entirety, with parallel accounts carefully compared for style and structure. Students electing this course should have at least one year of Attic Greek. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs, the reading assignments will be more manageable. Careful attention will be paid to the key features of koine Greek. especially as those features part company with Attic Greek morphology and syntax. Two hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade. There are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text and the problems posed. Permission of instructor required. For further information contact Assistant Dean Nissen, 1220 Angell Hall, 764-7297. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

402. Greek Drama. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course serves to introduce the student to both the form and the content of Greek tragedy, through a close reading of two plays: one of Sophocles and one of Euripides. In addition to detailed analysis of the plays' literary qualities, attention will be paid to social, historical, and religious aspects. Supplemental readings from secondary and some other primary sources will contribute to the student's knowledge of ancient Greek theaters and theater production as well, hopefully resulting in a performance of some kind by the class. A short term paper is required. (Mills)

Advanced Courses

519. Aeschylus. (3). (HU).

A play of Aeschylus (usually Suppliants or Agamemnon) will be read in careful detail with attention to the textual and interpretive problems. Some secondary readings. (Cameron)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning, middle, or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the first two terms, students may in consultation with a advisor choose between regular and Study Center sections. The Study Center sections meet the same standards and carry the same credit as the regular Latin 101/102 and prepare students for subsequent enrollment in Latin 231/232. However, these sections differ from regular Latin 101/102 in several respects. (1) The essentials of the language are presented both in programmed form and through a coordinated textbook. Students are expected to prepare assignments in the program for each class, and class time is spent in applying information gained through the program to new problems elicited from the text. The program is available in book form, and no investment in program machines is necessary. (2) A special feature of the course is frequent testing both self-administered and Study Center administered. Each student is provided with the means for self-evaluation of personal progress in the course, as well as of progress in the development of effective study habits. (3) As in regular Latin 101/102, emphasis is placed on linguistic skills and literary-cultural understanding, but in Study Center sections of Latin 101/102, the amount of written work is increased. Instructors assume responsibility for the regular review of basic English skills such as correctness of expression, punctuation and spelling. The Study Center is utilized to some extent by all sections.

In the elementary Latin program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 103, 194, 222, 231, and 232 in the Winter Term, 1982. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions or problems about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360.

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1981, this course is jointly offered with Latin 503. See Latin 503 for the description. (Udris)

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).
Section 001.
The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Latin poetry, in this case the first two books of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Nissen)

Section 002. This class will ask you to bring together and apply all the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the pleasurable reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I and IV of Vergil's epic, the story of Aeneas' landing at and eventual departure from Carthage and Queen Dido, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. We will review grammar as necessary. We will spend most of one class period each week (usually Mondays) studying Vergil's poem in English (get yourself the Copley translation). As we read each of the twelve books of the epic in this way we will ask what is going on and why. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the Aeneid is all about and an ability to confront any Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Final grades will be based upon regular class participation, a number of sight quizzes and short homework assignments, three hourly exams, and a two-hour final. (Wallin)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (4). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (1st Century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of Cicero's speech, Pro Caelio, and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Occasional lectures will be given to set the works in their historical and literary contexts. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be quizzes, a midterm, and final.

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

This will be a course in Petronius. Critical reading and analysis of the Satyricon, with particular emphasis on the social history of the Neronian age. Paper, midterm, and final examination. (McCulloch)

Advanced Courses

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. I and II: (3); III b: (2). (HU).

In the Winter Term, 1982, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

436/MARC 441. Medieval Latin II, 900-1350 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

A detailed study of an author, period or genre of later Mediaeval Latin literature, to be decided upon in consultation with students enrolled. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. MARC 440/Latin 435 is not a prerequisite. Midterm, final and paper. (Witke)

503. Intensive Reading of Latin. Latin 502 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 504. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1982, this course is jointly offered with Latin 194. This is a continuation of Latin 193/502, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the (Fall) term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Cicero). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include the entire Fourth Book (the Dido book) of Vergil's Aeneid. Students need not have taken the first term (Latin 193/502) to enroll in Latin 194/503. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. In addition to acquiring a foundation for reading, Aeneid Book IV has been chosen as the main text to be read because of its inherent importance and interest as well as for its subsequent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such not simply as an exercise in translation. The course, though designed primarily to serve the needs of graduate students (in such fields as history, literature, linguistics) who find a reading knowledge of Latin essential for their work, is open to undergraduates with similar needs as well. (Udris)

566. Horace, Complete Works. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The development of Horace's poetic style, with special attention to the Epodes and Odes; also, the evolution of Horace's social commentary in the Satires and Epistles. Class discussions, reports, paper. (Witke)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the civilization of Ancient Rome from the beginning through Early Christianity (Fourth Century A.D.) and is being offered by the Department of Classical Studies for students throughout LSA without knowledge of Greek or Latin, as well as the students currently enrolled in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their learning by study of the many aspects of Roman civilization of which the Latin language is the chief cultural expression. Three lectures and one recitation each week. Lectures will focus on the literature, history, philosophy, religion, law, archaeology, art, technology, science, mythology, economics, political life, and private life of the Romans. Readings in ancient primary sources (translated) and in modern works will be assigned. Fulfills humanities distribution requirements. Professor McCulloch is the course coordinator; individual lectures will be given by professors in the Department of Classical Studies and in other departments. (McCulloch)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to significantly increase understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more textbook chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 12 unit tests plus quizzes. (Section 001 Knudsvig; Section 002 Staff)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

This course is the sequel to Classical Civilization 371, Greek and Roman Sport and Recreation, but 371 is no longer a prerequisite for 372. The material to be covered in 372 has been expanded to include various aspects of Roman daily life as well as sports. It will now be offered for four credits, of which three hours consist of lectures (often illustrated with slides) and the fourth hour a discussion section which meets every two weeks for two hours at a time. Three papers are required in addition to the midterm and final. After some introductory lectures on the historical background, the first part of the course is devoted to organized sports in Rome, which comprise chariot-racing, gladiatorial fights, wild beast hunts and theatrical performances. We then examine organized recreational activities including bathing, games, and the recreation of emperors. The second half of the term is devoted to daily life in the city of Rome, the different classes of society, housing, cooking and food, travel, tourism, gardens, women, and life expectancy. In the discussion sections we read selections from Latin authors in translation, authors who describe at first hand many aspects of daily life in Rome in their own day. The required text for the course is J.P.V. Balsdon, Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. Lectures in the course are spread between several faculty members of the Department of Classical Studies. The English Composition Board (ECB) has approved this course as a Junior-Senior writing course for Winter Term 1982. (Humphrey)

462. Greek Mythology. (3). (HU).

Greek mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths through the Trojan war and the wanderings of Ulysses. The development of various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. Emphasis will be placed on the function of myth in society, and interpretive tools deriving from the work of Freud, Jung, Levi-Strauss, and Eliade will be considered. At the end of the term the very different animal which is Roman myth will be examined. Course requirements include two midterms and a final examination. (Fant)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). This year we will be experimenting with a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)

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