Courses in Geography (Division 374)

212. Introduction to Location Theory. (4). (SS).

This course is an introduction to the analysis and understanding of spatial systems and spatial processes. Topics covered include concepts of space and the ways in which geographers model spatial relationships; movement and spatial interaction, particularly the effects of distance on movement of people, goods and information; gravity and potential models, diffusion models, and the analysis of networks and flows; location and the use of land; optimization with regard to locational decision-making under conditions of uncertainty; and the implications of locational decision-making in terms of regional organization and development. (Arlinghaus)

381. Elementary Cartography. (4). (SS).

Maps organize, record and present uniquely information about our earth, its history, its people, its resources, its cultural and physical features and distributions of varied geographical phenomena around us. We encounter maps in many forms as city maps, road maps, weather maps, wall maps and atlases. We use maps as planners, historians, engineers, teachers, researchers or as travelers in our daily lives. Maps contribute to a wealth of information about the environment in which we live and the world around us. Geography 381 is an introduction to the mapping process, with particular emphasis on the techniques of map design to display spatial data, map drawing, map reproduction and map use. Students will obtain a basic understanding of the processes and problems involved in map making and develop basic skills to design, draw and produce a map. The course consists of two one-hour lectures and two, two-hour laboratories each week. Students will be expected to spend some time outside regular laboratory periods for completing projects. Elements of Cartography by Robinson, Sale, and Morrison will constitute the main text supplemented by additional reading assignments. The course grade will be based on two midterms, one final, and the laboratory exercises. (Aggarwala).

415. Geography of the Soviet Union. (2). (SS).

The objective of the course is a survey both of the general characteristics of the Soviet Union, including its European and Asiatic parts: physical features, agriculture, transportation, industry, population characteristics and a region by region survey of each of the major components of the USSR. Besides optional reading, requirements include a midterm and a final exam. (Kish)

421. Problems in Southeast Asian Development. (3). (SS).

The course examines selected problems of economic development in Southeast Asia with emphasis on the impact of modernization on the lives of the rural population. Economic and ecologic problems of agricultural development including the Green Revolution, will be discussed with stress on the adjustment problems of village people. Rural to urban migration and the adjustment of rural population to urban conditions will be included. The course will make use of case studies of current problems, including the impact of road construction and the relocation of people displaced by reservoir construction, rural poverty and war. Slides and films will be used. A midterm and final examination can be supplemented by a term paper, annotated bibliography or project initiated by the student if the student wishes. (Gosling)

423/Near Eastern Studies 423. Geography of the Near East. (3). (SS).

See Near Eastern Studies: GNE 423. (Kolars)

477. History of Cartography. (2). (SS).

A survey of the development of the art of mapping from earliest times to the 19th century, this course is designed to introduce students to critical thinking in relation to graphic documents as they have been trained to do in traditional humanities courses. The study of the history of mapmaking is part of the history of science; it deals with man's efforts to depict in a graphic manner his surroundings. The purpose of this course is to provide an introduction to this field, surveying briefly the several approaches to mapmaking used by various civilizations. Requirements include a critical bibliography of one phase of history of cartography and an oral examination at the end of the term. The class will visit the collections of the Clements Library several times to become acquainted with original maps and atlases, their use and care. (Kish)

482. Analytical Cartography. Math. 116 and 117. (3). (SS).

Cartography, like many other fields, has been greatly influenced by the computer. Cartographic techniques, assisted by the computer, have provided new opportunities and possibilities for the display and analysis of geographic information. Geography 482 is designed to introduce the student to computer applications in Cartography. In this course emphasis is placed on the nature of cartographic problems and possibilities and the way in which the computer can assist in meeting them in the varied cartographic processes. The course consists of two one and one-half hour lecture/laboratory periods each week. Lectures and discussions will deal with basic concepts underlying computer cartography and will cover spatial data characteristics, data sources, sampling, geocoding, digitizing and data representations, spatial/cartographic data structures, manipulation and analysis of geographic information, and automated mapping, including briefly the concepts underlying Geographic Information Systems. Laboratory exercises will familiarize the student with several "canned" programs for computer mapping and with some of the hardware necessary to use them. Course grades will be based on the laboratory exercises and three examinations. No programming experience is necessary, though knowledge of MTS will be helpful. (Aggarwala)

499/Geology 486. Permafrost, Snow, and Ice. Math. 116 or the equivalent. (3). (NS).

See Geological Sciences 486. (Outcalt)

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