Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to Roman art and archaeology from the foundation of the city of Rome through the fall of the Roman Empire. Emphasis will be placed upon Roman contributions to art and architecture, including portraiture and other forms of sculpture, vaulted and domed concrete architecture, and city planning including types of public buildings, streets, arches, aqueducts, and sewers. The course will also introduce students to the materials and methods of archaeological excavation through lectures and discussions focused on particular Roman sites. Weekly discussion sessions will make frequent use of original Roman artifacts (works of art as well as objects of daily life) in the collections of the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. These include pottery, mosaic, painting, marble sculpture and architectural decoration, textiles and glass. There are no prerequisites for the course. Requirements consist of two short written assignments (about 3 pp.), a midterm and a final exam. (Fant)

422/Hist. of Art 422. Etruscan Art and Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 422. (Gazda)

433/Hist. of Art 433. Greek Sculpture. Hist. of Art 101 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course follows the development of Greek sculpture both in the round and relief from the renaissance in the late 8th century B.C. through the various phases of experimentation in the 7th and 6th centuries to the high points in the 5th and 4th centuries. Standing male and female figures are the principle types followed, with increasing attention given to architectural sculpture culminating in the majestic programs decorating the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Parthenon in Athens. Stylistic analysis, formal development, interpretation as social and artistic documents. There will be a midterm hour exam and a final; students will also be expected to write a paper of intermediate length (10-15 pages). (Pedley)

436/Hist. of Art 436. Hellenistic and Roman Architecture. Hist. of Art 101 or Class. Arch. 330; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

For the Winter Term, 1983, there are no prerequisites. This course focuses on architecture in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds from about 100 B.C. to the reign of Justinian (565 A.D.). Emphasis is on the Roman development of concrete and vault forms and the influence of the architecture of pagan Rome on early Christian architecture. Course topics include the background of Greek architecture; Hellenistic architectural developments; the Etruscan and early Italian architectural background; the rise of Rome; Roman theorists including Vitruvius; building materials, techniques, and construction practices; late hellenistic temples in Italy; the great sanctuaries of the late Roman Republic; Augustan buildings in Rome and in the provinces; the great Roman fire during the reign of Nero; the buildings of Flavians and of Trajan and Hadrian; the palaces of the Emperors; private home construction at Pompeii and Herculaneum; the Roman apartment building; courtyard houses in North Africa; Roman military architecture; Roman baths and buildings used for entertainment; the Roman water supply and aqueduct construction; the architecture of the Tetrarchy; the buildings of Maxentius; Constantine and the foundation of synagogues; the churches of North Africa; the architecture during the reign of the Emperor Justinian. (Humphrey)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already taken Greek 101 in the Fall Term. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 103. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading selections from Xenophon's Anabasis. (Section 001 McCulloch; Section 002 Fant)

103. Intensive Elementary Greek. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, or 310. (5). (FL).

In order to provide a more flexible program for students who desire to study ancient Greek but who have been unable to begin the regular course sequence in the Fall Term, the Department of Classical Studies plans to offer a winter-term intensive course in beginning Classical Greek. This course is designed to cover all of Greek grammar and the rudiments of reading, and to prepare the beginning student to enter the regular second-year reading course in the Fall Term or an intermediate course in the Spring or Summer Half-term. In view of the large amount of material to be covered, the course will meet five days a week for one hour, with a supplementary open study session available. Additional materials for summer study and review will be provided at the end of the term to help students prepare more fully for Greek 301 in the fall. (Scott)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric grammar and vocabulary. The class will translate and discuss readings from the Odyssey. Weekly quizzes; midterm and final exams (no papers). (Cameron)

Intermediate Courses

402. Greek Drama. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course serves to introduce the student to both the form and the content of Greek tragedy, through a close reading of two plays: one of Sophocles and one of Euripides. In addition to detailed analysis of the plays' literary qualities, attention will be paid to social, historical, and religious aspects. Supplemental readings from secondary and some other primary sources will contribute to the student's knowledge of ancient Greek theaters and theater production as well. A short term paper is required. (Udris)

Advanced Courses

458. Plato, Early Dialogues. (3). (HU).

This course offers a general introduction to the philosophy of Plato through a study of his ideas about language, writing, and poetry. A generous portion of time will be spent translating the Greek texts, which will include Phaedrus and selections from Ion, Republic, and Gorgias. Concentrating first on Phaedrus, we will investigate Plato's views of "voice" and "writing" and then proceed to study parallels between these views and his theory of poetry. In conjunction with our analysis of the Greek texts, we will examine scholarly interpretations by, for example, Jacques Derrida, Eric Havelock, and Paul Friedlaender, and draw whenever possible on discussions of Plato in contemporary literary theory. The class will be conducted as a seminar and students are expected to contribute to discussions daily. Requirements: midterm, final, and two short papers. (Gellrich)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning, middle, or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the elementary Latin program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 103, 194, 222, 231, and 232 in the Winter Term, 1983. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions or problems about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1983, this course is jointly offered with Latin 503. See Latin 503 for the description. (Udris)

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).
Section 001.
The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Nissen)

Section 002. This class will ask you to bring together and apply all the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the pleasurable reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I and IV of Vergil's epic, the story of Aeneas' landing at and eventual departure from Carthage and Queen Dido, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. We will review grammar as necessary. We will spend most of one class period each week (usually Mondays) studying Vergil's poem in English (get yourself the Copley translation). As we read each of the twelve books of the epic in this way we will ask what is going on and why. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the Aeneid is all about and an ability to confront any Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Final grades will be based upon regular class participation, a number of sight quizzes and short homework assignments, three hourly exams, and a two-hour final. (Wallin)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (4). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (1st Century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of Cicero's speech, Pro Caelio, and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Occasional lectures will be given to set the works in their historical and literary contexts. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be quizzes, a midterm, and final. (Scott)

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

A close reading of Tacitus' Histories, and sections of the Agricola. Special emphasis will be placed upon Tacitus' prose style, upon his senatorial cast of mind, upon his social background (and that of his family and friends), and upon the effects of civil war on the attitudes of Romans and Italians most closely caught up in the bitter struggle for imperial power. Collateral readings, in contemporary Latin authors and in selected works of modern scholarship, will assist us in our analysis. Paper, midterm, and final examination. (D'Arms)

Advanced Courses

410. Poetry of the Republic and Later Empire. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

This term we will read selections from the corpus of Catullus, as well as a play of Plautus. We will focus on the complexities of poetic diction, the historical backgrounds, and the influence that these two ancient writers have had on the Western literary tradition. We will consult the secondary literature when appropriate. Requirements: midterm and final examinations, a paper of 5-10 pages. (Udris)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. I and II: (3); III b: (2). (HU).

In the Winter Term, 1983, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500-900 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

This course is designed for the students who have not had any medieval Latin. The prerequisite for the course is approximately two years of Classical Latin though students who have had accelerated courses in Latin are certainly welcome to apply to the course. We will be accomplishing in this course a survey of the major literary events from roughly A.D. 500 until the end of the age of Charlemagne. The kinds of texts we will read will include some historiography, some lives of the saints, certain representational poems from the court of Charlemagne, as well as emphasis of the development of monasticism in the West. While the course is primarily a reading course in Latin, and hence will pay some attention to how medieval Latin develops from Classical Latin, it is also very much a cultural course which is designed to show students the emerging concerns of the early Middle Ages in the areas of religion, philosophy, thought, as well as literature. (Witke)

501. Juvenal. (3). (HU).

Normally open to students with four years of Latin. A critical reading of representative satires of Juvenal, with special emphasis on their place in the development of Roman literature, their textual problems, and their value for insight into Roman society, religion, and history. Reports and a paper arising from class discussions, together with an hour and a final examination. (Witke)

503. Intensive Reading of Latin. Latin 502 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 504. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1983, this course is jointly offered with Latin 194. This is a continuation of Latin 193/502, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the (Fall) term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Cicero). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include the entire Fourth Book (the Dido book) of Vergil's Aeneid. Students need not have taken the first term (Latin 193/502) to enroll in Latin 194/503. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. Aeneid Book IV has been chosen as the main text because of its inherent importance and interest as well as for its subsequent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such not simply as an exercise in translation. The course, though designed primarily to serve the needs of graduate students (in such fields as history, literature, linguistics) who find a reading knowledge of Latin essential for their work, is open to undergraduates with similar needs. (Ross and Humphrey)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the civilization of Ancient Rome from the beginning through Early Christianity (Fourth Century A.D.) and is being offered by the Department of Classical Studies for students throughout LSA without knowledge of Greek or Latin, as well as the students currently enrolled in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their learning by study of the many aspects of Roman civilization of which the Latin language is the chief cultural expression. Three lectures and one recitation each week. Lectures will focus on the literature, history, philosophy, religion, law, archaeology, art, technology, science, mythology, economics, political life, and private life of the Romans. Readings in ancient primary sources (translated) and in modern works will be assigned. Fulfills humanities distribution requirements. Three 5-7 page papers, a midterm, and a final exam. Professor McCulloch is the course coordinator; individual lectures will be given by professors in the Department of Classical Studies and in other departments. (McCulloch)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 Knudsvig; Section 002 - Baldwin; Section 003, for juniors and seniors: Witke)

462. Greek Mythology. (3). (HU).

Greek Mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths and their Near Eastern prototypes through the Trojan war and the wanderings of Ulysses. The development of the various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. The use and treatment of Greek myths in English literature, modern psychoanalytical theory and comparative anthropology will also be discussed. Required texts will be Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Hesiod's Theogony. Student mastery of the material will be tested in two midterms and a final examination. All exams will be objective and/or short answer. (Herbert)

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