Near Eastern Studies

General Near East (Division 439)

397, 398. Undergraduate Reading Course. Permission of instructor. (1-3 each). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

Near Eastern Studies 398 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

This course is an independent study reading course which must be supervised by a Near Eastern Studies faculty member. It is normally taken by a student who would like to study some aspect of a subject within a course already taken in further detail. Arrangements for the course are made directly with the faculty member.

423/Geography 423. Geography of the Near East. (3). (SS).

This course presents a systematic view of the environments and ecologies of the Near East and North Africa. It discusses how different subsistence patterns interact with each other and how modern development places additional strains on the overall system. Rather than attempting a country by country survey, examples are drawn from throughout the region with particular emphasis on those areas familiar to the instructor. Lectures, outside readings, movies and seminar-type discussions constitute the body of the course. There will be a midterm and a final examination. Graduate students are expected to write a term paper. Text: Beaumon, Blake, and Wagstaff, The Middle East: A Geographical Study. (John Wiley, 1976). (Kolars)

446(346). Modern Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

An introduction to the modern literature of the Arab Lands, Iran, Israel and Turkey. The course is taught by four professors, each of whom will examine the literature in which he/she specializes. Lectures introduce major literary figures and their works within the framework of the historical and social circumstances of their lives. Materials in English translation are reviewed wherever possible and discussions relate particularly to genre development and external influences on the literatures of the modern Near East. (Stewart-Robinson)

465/Hist. 406. History of Ancient Israel. Junior or senior standing, or Honors students. (3). (HU).

This course deals with the history of ancient Israel from its antecedents in the Bronze Age to the close of the biblical history during the Persian Empire. The purpose is to place the understanding of the Biblical narrative into the context of its own contemporary world, and thus a variety of evidence as well as a variety of methods appropriate to the evidence will be utilized, from archaeological results to linguistic history. No special background is necessary, though some familiarity with the content of the Bible would be helpful. The text is: John Bright, A History of Israel, 3rd edition. Lecture/discussion method is used. Evaluation is by midterm & final exams. Term papers required only of graduate students. (Mendenhall)

474/Hist. 443. Modern Near East History. (4). (SS).

See History 443. (Mitchell)

482/Rel. 482/Engl. 402. The English Bible: Its Literary Aspects and Influences, II. (3). (HU).

See English 402. (Gellrich)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LSA Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," "with high Honors," or "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. ABS 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (3 each). (FL).

Continuation of 201. Developing further knowledge of the essential vocabulary and grammatical structures of Biblical Hebrew. (Schramm)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101, 102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6 each). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

Arabic 101 and 102 are offered Winter Term, 1983.

Arabic 101. This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to six credits. Course grade is based on review tests satisfactorily completed, the opinion of the tutor, and a final exam. Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Arabic Phonology and Script by E.N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through-Self Instruction by E. McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

Arabic 102. This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and review tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on the review tests completed, the opinion of the tutor, and a final examination. Textbooks: Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction by E.N. McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

202. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 201 or equivalent. (6). (FL).

This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. It is the second of a year-long course whose primary goals are to enable the student to (1) understand familiar spoken literary Arabic, (2) converse with a native speaker of Arabic using simple terms, (3) read and understand the specific content of an elemental level and (4) write correct short responses within the scope of his/her vocabulary and experience. The method of instruction puts equal emphasis on the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course is conducted in Arabic except for grammatical explanations. It meets six hours weekly and requires approximately ten hours every week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes in the laboratory or at home, writing assignments and review of material covered in class. Course grade is based on classroom preparation and performance (25%), weekly written assignments and quizzes (25%), monthly review comprehensive tests (25%) and a final examination (25%). Required texts: Peter Abboud et al, Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. part One and Two. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1975. (Rammuny)

402. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic Arabic 401 or the equivalent. (6). (Excl).

This course is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for other students who expect to learn Arabic for use in related fields. It is the second part of a one-year sequence of Intermediate Modern Arabic whose objectives are to enable the student to (1) comprehend spoken literary Arabic comparable in content and difficulty to the student's intermediate level, (2) participate with a native speaker of Arabic in a dialogue or conversation using familiar vocabulary and structures, (3) read with understanding subject matter comparable to what he/she has learned, and (4) write a summary of about 100 words of a short story or passage read, and answers to questions in the form of short paragraphs. The method of instruction stresses the four language skills with particular emphasis on oral and written practice based on selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction and A-V cultural materials. The course is conducted in Arabic and meets six hours weekly with 10-12 extra hours per week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes, writing assignments and review. Course grade is based on classroom performance, weekly written assignments and quizzes, a midterm and a final examination. Required Texts : Peter Abboud et al, Modern Standard Arabic. Intermediate level. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1974. (Rammuny)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

431. Arabic Phonology and Morphophonology. Arabic 402 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (2-3). (Excl).

Deals with all aspects of phonetics, phonology, and morphophonology of literary and dialectical Arabic. Lecture-discussion. Homework problems based on Arabic data (printed, taped, or native speaker); term paper. No text; reading list will be distributed. Credit: 3 credits for 3 hours of class. (McCarus)

432. Arabic Syntax and Semantics. Arabic 402 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (2-3). (Excl).

Syntactic and semantic analysis of literary and dialectal Arabic. Lecture-discussion; homework problems; term paper. (McCarus)

501, 502. Advanced Arabic Composition. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (3 each). (Excl).

Arabic 502 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

This is the second of a one-year sequence of Advanced Arabic Composition. This course is designed for concentrators in Arabic and others from other disciplines who desire to use Arabic for oral and written communication. The course offers extensive practice in Arabic discourse, with special emphasis on analysis and discussion of students' errors, paragraph expansion as well as certain conventional patterns of composition. The basic activity throughout the course is oral and writing practice based on literary selections representing a variety of styles, A-V materials and guest speakers. Classroom discussion is conducted entirely in Arabic. The course meets three class hours per week and requires about six-eight hours weekly for outside of class preparation and writing assignments. Course grade is based on regular weekly written assignments, monthly quizzes and tests and a term paper in Arabic required at the end of the term. Required Texts : Raji M. Rammuny, Advanced Arabic Composition: Texts and Student's Guide. Ann Arbor: New Era Publications, 1980. (Rammuny)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

401, 402. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 202 or equivalent; Hebrew 401 is prerequisite to 402. (5 each). (FL).

Hebrew 401 and 402 are offered Winter Term 1983.

Hebrew 401. Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. (Coffin)

Hebrew 402. Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. (Coffin)

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

543, 544. Medieval Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2 each). (HU).

Hebrew 544 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

Reading and discussion of representative masterpieces selected from chronicles, romances, and liturgical and secular poetry. (Schramm)

545, 546. The Literature of the Hebrew Bible. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2 each). (HU).

Hebrew 546 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

Reading of large representative selections of prose narrative, legal text, and poetry with discussion centering around problems of literary structure. (Schramm)

552. Modern Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 502 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be elected for credit more than once with permission of instructor.

Reading and discussion of fiction by contemporary Israeli authors: S.Y. Agnon, A.B. Yehoshna, Amos Oz and others. Reading selections include short stories and novellas by the authors above. (Coffin)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Persian. (4 each). (FL).

Persian 202 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

This course is the natural continuation of Elementary Persian 201. The emphasis will be on the use of the language in real-life situations, i.e., conversations and narratives, oral and written, on such topics as language and nationality, family, shopping, emergencies, etc. Oral and written drills and the use of the language laboratory accompany the dialogs and compositions. By the end of the term the student should have acquired an adequate knowledge of all major points of Persian grammar with an active vocabulary of about 1000 items, should be able to read simple texts and to write short passages on simple topics. Grading will be based on attendance, homework, tests and the final examination. Incoming students may join the class pending examination and approval by the instructor. (Windfuhr)

401, 402. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 202 or equivalent. (4 each). (FL).

Persian 402 is offered Winter Term, 1983.

Persian 402 is the second part of a sequence designed to lead the student to the nearly independent study of Persian. Any student admitted to this second half would have to have completed a course similar to 401 or to demonstrate an equivalent knowledge of Persian. In the second half of the course, reading and comprehension, conversation and composition are systematically developed. The textbook is a new series of volumes accompanied by tapes, covering modern fiction, expository prose and cultural material both in readings and dialogue form. The language of the classroom is increasingly Persian. Textbook: Modern Persian, Vol. I and II. Windfuhr et al., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980. (Luther)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

552. Modern Persian Nonfiction. Iranian 402 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Selected readings, illustrating the evolution of modern Persian expository prose under Western influence, from the mid-nineteenth century to the Iranian Revolution of 1978-9. The influence of Western intellectual movements, nationalist controversies over language, and the Islamic counter-movement will be discussed. There will also be some reading from prominent modern Iranian historians, writing about the period in question. Material read will be in a course pack. (Luther)

Turkish Studies (Turkish: Division 493)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Turkish. Turkish 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (4 each). (FL).

Turkish 202 is offered Winter Term, 1983. This course is the sequel to Turkish 201 and is the second half of Elementary Turkish. We will focus on speaking and writing the language of Modern Turkey. Course topics include the phonological structure of Turkish, basic sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary. The aural-oral approach is emphasized and serves as the basic course format. There are tapes which accompany the text, Turkish for Foreigners. Student evaluation is based on written and oral quizzes, and a final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

401, 402. Intermediate Turkish. Turkish 202 or equivalent is prerequisite to 401; 401 or equivalent is prerequisite to 402. (4 each). (FL).

Turkish 402 is offered Winter Term 1983.

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. The course is designed for students who have completed Turkish 202 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed by critique of translation and composition and by memorization of short texts. Reading will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. There will be a midterm and a final examination; evaluation will also include class performance. Text: Robert Underhill, Turkish Grammar (on reserve at UGLi) and a readings course pack.

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

551. Modern Turkish Prose Literature. Turkish 402 or permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

Part of sequence in required language courses for majors, M.A. and Ph.D. candidates. The objective is to continue to develop comprehension ease in modern Turkish through the reading of the literary products of modern Turks. Recitation type course includes reading, translation, and discussion of content and style. Quizzes and a final exam are required. The texts are: A. Tietze, Turkish Literary Reader; and specially selected xeroxed material. (Stewart-Robinson)


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