Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

An introduction to the study of politics through the close reading of selected great philosophical works. The theme of the course is democratic government, which will be studied through the arguments made for and against it by various political philosophers. The course will focus on a comparison between Athenian democracy (as analyzed by Aristotle) and American democracy (as analyzed by Tocqueville). Other readings will be drawn from Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, The Federalist, Rousseau, and Marx. There are two lectures and two hours of section meeting per week. Two papers will be assigned by the section leaders, and two course-wide examinations (one midterm and one final) will be administered. This course can serve as one of the prerequisites for taking upper division courses in Political Science. (Schwartz)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kind of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

An introduction to politics in foreign countries, as a way to understand how politics works more generally. The countries to be covered are England, a Western industrialized democracy; Japan, an Eastern industrialized democracy; and China, an Eastern developing non-democracy. We will be concerned with the interplay of culture, political structure and public policy choices. Most attention will be given to understanding the three countries individually, but some basic questions of comparison will also be introduced. The course consists of lectures plus discussion sections; evaluation will be examination and short papers. Political Science 140 is designed for students with little or no experience in either political science or foreign area studies. (Campbell)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to the basic approaches to the study of international politics. Material on the theories underlying these approaches is grounded in case studies of events from World War I to the present. The object is twofold: to familiarize students with the ways in which analysts have tried to understand international politics; and to equip students with both substantive knowledge of, and a grasp of the underlying theoretical issues concerning contemporary international problems. Students will be evaluated on the basis of both examinations and several short writing assignments. All students are expected to attend discussion sections as well as the regular lectures for the course. (Lieberthal)

185. Introduction to Modeling Political Processes. (4). (SS).

An introduction to modeling social science phenomena: the course emphasizes the development of modeling skills, including the ability to abstract from reality in the construction of models, the manipulation of models, and the evaluation of models. A general introduction to modeling is followed by a discussion of five mathematical models frequently used by social scientists. These are rational choice models, game theory models, exchange models, adaptation models, and transition models. The course emphasizes working with models rather than reading about them. It is hoped that students will develop analytical skills which will improve the quality of their subsequent work in political science. The primary readings will be Charles Lave and James March, An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences and H. Hamburger, Games as Models of Social Phenomena. A weekly problem set worked on in groups of three students is required. Two lecture discussion meetings of one and one-half hours each week. There will also be a midterm and final. (Cohen)

250/Amer. Inst. 250. American Institutions and American Political Thought Poli. Sci. 101 or 111 or History 160 and sophomore standing. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 250. (Chamberlin)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.

This course is designed to introduce students to the various political theories and movements of Afro-American freedom. Particular attention will be devoted to theoretical analysis and empirical critical review of contemporary political theory and movements, especially the implications of a Black presidential candidate will be explored. (Hill)

396/Econ. 396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of Eastern Europe. (4). (SS).

See REES 396. (Szporluk)

403. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Political Science 402 or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

We will focus on the major works of political philosophy from the seventeenth century to the end of the nineteenth century. In the process we will be concerned with the theoretical foundations of liberalism (the political philosophy which focuses on individual rights and equality within the political structure), its transformation over three centuries, and the critiques which have been offered of it by such authors as Marx and Nietzsche. We will read only the primary texts. Among the authors who will be discussed are Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, Bentham, Mill, Marx and Nietzsche. This course is a continuation of Political Science 402; although this and/or other courses in political theory would be helpful, they are not required. There will be two brief papers during the term, as well as a final examination. (Saxonhouse)

404. Democratic Theory. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Competing conceptions of democracy: Rousseau, Tocqueville, and Mill. Critiques from economists and sociologists. Selected policy issues, including judicial review, the rationality of voting, the ties between capitalism and democracy, and representative ethics. A paper and a take-home final exam will be assigned. Lectures will meet on Mondays and Wednesdays; Fridays are reserved for discussion, with the class broken into two groups if enrollment requires it. (Herzog)

406/Class. Civ. 360. Greek Political Thought. Intended for undergraduates. A knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required. (4). (SS).

This course will consider the development of Greek political thought from Homer through Aristotle, with a particular focus on the challenge posed by the Sophistic separation of nature and convention. In addition to readings from Homer, we will also study some of the poems of Solon, selected tragedies and comedies, and some of the fourth century oratorical works. However, the course will focus primarily on reading Thucydides, Plato's Republic, and Aristotle's Politics in their entirety. A background in political theory, especially Political Science 101 and/or 402 and/or classics would be helpful, but is not required. There will be two short (4 pp.) papers, one midterm and a final exam. (Saxonhouse)

407. Selected Topics in Political Theory. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

Many people today believe that one sign of a good society is a flourishing cultural life, manifested in part in an active theater. This belief is seldom examined, however, in order to understand how (for that matter, whether) cultural activity benefits social and political life. The relationship between politics and the performing arts has been an issue of paramount importance for many of the most significant political philosophers and dramatic poets, who were concerned both to interpret moral and political life correctly, and also to understand the impact of cultural activity upon it. In this course we will examine some of their writings relevant to these questions. Readings will be drawn from Sophocles (Oedipus Rex), Aristotle (Poetics), Machiavelli (Mandragola, a comic play), Shakespeare (Coriolanus and King John), Molière (The Misanthrope), Rousseau (Letter to D'Alembert on the theater), Schiller (On the Aesthetic Education of Man and Wallenstein), and Nietzsche (The Birth of Tragedy). The course will consist of lectures with frequent opportunities for questions and discussion. Three five-page papers will be assigned, two of which will be revised and expanded into ten-page papers. There will be no examinations in the course. (Schwartz)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

In this course, policy means programmatic efforts of government to achieve specific social outcomes. The course will examine the influence of political culture, institutional structure, and strategic choice on agenda setting, legislation, implementation, evaluation, and amendment of public policies, mainly domestic and "welfare-state" in character. Readings will emphasize such policy areas as income supports, manpower, housing, health, education, and regulation. Lectures and class discussion. Midterm exam or paper plus final exam. (Brown)

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

The objectives of this course are: (1) Provide an understanding of American electoral politics from both normative and empirical points of view. In plain English: How and why do ordinary American citizens engage in political activity? How and why ought they engage in such activity? How does and how ought the ways that ordinary people participate in politics affect what candidates do? (2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes in mass orientations toward government. Or, is it true that people are sick and tired of "politics," and if they are, so what? (3) Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of mass political behavior. That is, what do political scientists do, and how do they do it? And why? The readings will consist primarily of recently published work in scholarly journals. Two texts that will be used are: Asher, Presidential Elections and American Politics, and Thurow, The Zero-Sum Society. Midterm and final exams, plus a term paper. The paper will involve original analysis of national election survey data. No prior statistical or computer experience is assumed. (Markus)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

What is justice? How does our definition of justice shape our beliefs and expectations about the operations of the legal system in the country? How closely do our beliefs and expectations correspond to the reality of the way the legal system works, and what factors underlie the way it works? Finally, comparing the way we expect the system to work with the way the system actually works, is the system really "just?" Consideration of these questions will provide the basis for this course. Although class presentation will be partly based on lecture, student discussion is expected and encouraged. It is expected that this participation will reflect thorough student preparation. Course requirements include a short paper, a project involving observation at an urban court, a midterm and a final examination. (Kosaki)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will focus on the law of civil rights and liberties as it is derived from American constitutional interpretation. Attention will be devoted to (a) theories of civil liberty appropriate to a liberal democracy, with (b) application of such theories to specific areas of civil rights law drawn from the following: freedom of expression, political participation, and religion; equal protection and rights of minorities; rights of the accused; privacy, "life-style" issues, and control of personal information; as well as issues like access to the news media and private abridgment of freedoms. Students will find it helpful to have taken Political Science 413: American Constitutional Politics. Requirements : one short paper, a paper of medium length (as part of a moot court), and a final examination. Grading is tough. Texts : one casebook and two or three paperbacks. Instructional method : mixture of lecture and discussion. (Harris)

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (4). (SS).

An advanced survey of the American presidency. Topics include the development of the institution, the selection of the President with special emphasis on the coming election, installation and operation of the new administration, and the development of selected executive policies. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is requisite. In addition to the final examination, two one-hour examinations (one of which may be replaced by a term paper) are required as part of the grading pattern. There is a textbook. Additional readings are required and extensive. (Grassmuck)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the politics of legislatures, especially the U.S. Congress. Several topics will be discussed in class, including the development of legislatures as institutions, legislative elections, the development of committees, the role of political parties in legislative behavior, decision-making by legislators, and the relationship between legislatures and other parts of the political system. There will be a midterm and a final examination. A term paper will also be required which will be based upon the use of primary research sources. (Hawthorne)

418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will analyze the participation of women in political life and will investigate barriers to their participation. The role of women as activists, candidates, and participants in the political process will not be limited to American women, although the emphasis will be on the American political system. Cross-national comparisons will be made in order to develop a comparative perspective. The course will also include a section devoted to the collective, organized efforts of women who want to have an impact on the policy-making process. (Smela)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (SS).

The course is designed to expose students to the way the news is made and the consequences for the operation of the political system. The central theme will be shifting roles of the media as objective reporter of events and as public agenda setter. Particular emphasis will be devoted to the importance of the media in electoral politics including the effects of the media on the electorate, the use of advertising in political campaigns and changing patterns of media use and exposure. In addition to readings and lectures, guest presentations will be made by leading journalists and political figures. There will be a midterm and a final examination, as well as a term paper involving independent research. (Traugott)

424. Metropolitan Problems. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to familiarize students with political processes and trends in American metropolitan areas. It will cover such topics as forms of local government and effects on who gets what in urban areas, the place of the city in the federal system, trends toward metropolitan and local control solutions, levels and trends in citizen participation, and the exercise of power by political leaders. The primary readings will be available at the Undergraduate Library and books will be available through local bookstores. There will be two term examinations as well as various writing assignments. Other forms of course contribution are recognized and encouraged, especially in-class discussion and presentations based upon student expertise. Class format will generally be lecture with some time for questions and discussion. (Goldenberg)

428/Phil. 428/Econ. 428/Asian Studies 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass or graduate standing. (4). (SS).
China's Evolution Under Communism
is the university's introductory interdisciplinary course on contemporary China. Although it gives credit toward majors in philosophy, economics, Asian studies, sociology, and political science, the course also is aimed at undergraduates in the sciences, engineering, business administration, education, and so on. The emergence of China as a major factor in world affairs increasingly affects our country. What are the implications of China's rise, both for the Chinese people and for us? That is the central question of this course. To answer it, we will explore China's historical background, its cultural traditions, the beliefs of its leaders, its economic and political systems, the social conditions of its people, and its foreign policy. Guest lecturers will come from UM's distinguished faculty of China specialists. Grades will be based on an hour exam, book report, and a final exam. Required books will include John Fairbank, The United States and China and Jay and Linda Matthews, One Billion. (Organski)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphors of bureaucracies (as systems based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. One or more papers, a midterm and final examination will be required. (Feldman)

434. Government and Public Policy. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines the role of government in modern society. Given the events of the past three years, public policy has taken some dramatic shifts. Shifts in national priorities have taken place, there has been a decentralization of policy responsibility, and there has been withdrawal or minimization of the role of government in many sectors of activity. In short, the basic justification for the need for public policy in many arenas has been seriously challenged. The course will explore these recent changes, the reasoning behind them, and the political forces which led up to them. Special emphasis will be placed on the public budgetary process as a mechanism for enhancing changes in public policy. Illustrations of changes and the political dynamics leading up to these changes will be examined in the areas of social security and programs for the aged, federal aid to state and local government, public welfare, and housing and community development programs. Major theoretical models of policy formulation and implementation will be used to explain these shifts in the role of government in modern society. There will be a combination of lectures and discussions. A take home midterm and final exam will be used for evaluation purposes. A term paper will be optional. (Dluhy)

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course will examine a set of ongoing trends that are transforming advanced industrial societies, including the U.S., Western Europe and Japan. We will deal with changes in the culture and values of these societies; changes in the ways people are organized, and how they participate in politics; and will examine the thesis that these societies may collapse within the next 50 years or so due to exhaustion of energy and mineral resources. The reading list consists of seven books, six of them paperbacks; a midterm and final exam and one term paper will be required. (Inglehart)

446/Women's Studies 446. Women and Socialism. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will begin with a survey of the relationship between feminist and socialist ideologies, movements, and leaders. We will then examine how women's concerns have been met (or not met) in the socialist systems of the USSR, Eastern Europe, China, Cuba, Vietnam and Korea. Stress will be laid not only on acquiring new information but also on sharpening students' judgment concerning the crucial questions to be asked of the material; for this purpose, the initial discussion of different ideological positions provides an essential framework; and at the end of the course we will return to it. Lectures at the beginning, as much discussion as the class size permits later in the course. Several short papers and one lengthier term project. (Meyer)

458. Chinese Foreign Policy. Two courses in political science or permission of the instructor. (4). (SS).

This advanced undergraduate course on Chinese foreign policy meets once a week for two hours to hear a lecture and discuss a book on Chinese foreign policy. Thirteen books will be read in all. The course assesses China's intentions, strategies, and capabilities in world affairs. The course examines Chinese crisis and diplomatic behavior, traces Chinese use of the instruments of foreign policy military, economic, and ideological surveys China's relations with the major powers (Japan, the US and the USSR), Europe, and the developing world, and illuminates the decision-making process. Students are expected to write a 20-30 page research paper based on original sources analyzing a limited aspect of Chinese foreign policy. (Oksenberg)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (4). (SS).

This course is intended as a multidisciplinary survey of African politics. (Twumasi)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course deals with the shifts in superpower relations during the post-1945 period, and, in particular, their effects on the international system. The historical record of détente and confrontation as well as explanations for changes are important. The impact of changes on arms control, disarmament, armaments and arms trade are included. Emphasis is placed on the significance of the relationship for local conflict patterns, conflict resolution alliance cohesion and internal political developments. European and Third World perspectives on superpower relations are covered as are general problems of measurement and causal explanation. (Wallensteen)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes the processes by which the foreign policies of states are formulated and implemented. It also analyzes the consequences of these processes for the content of the state's policies. Generalizations are developed on the basis of the empirical examination of the behavior of selected states. Particular attention will be given to the behavior of the Soviet Union, the United States, and other countries. Some of the lectures will be on particular geographical areas of the world or countries and others will be on such substantive areas as population, political development and arms control. (Wayman)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course surveys contemporary concepts of international security, the actions and processes which go into security decisions and the international context in which security is defined. The focus is on U.S. and Soviet capabilities and interactions, particularly in the areas of military strategy and arms control. The course addresses general security theory, how U.S. and Soviet policies are devised, where policies conflict and where they coincide. It has a policy relevant emphasis. Student evaluation is based on a midterm examination (30%), an "issue paper" of no more than eight pages (20%), participation in a political-military "game" (5%) and a final examination (45%). The principal text is: Amos A. Jordan and William J. Taylor, American National Security, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981). Other paperback books recommended for purchase are John Spanier, American Foreign Policy Since World War II (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980) and Charles W. Kegley, Jr. and Pat McGowan, eds.: Foreign Policy : USA/USSR (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1982). (Blaker)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course on Soviet foreign policy since World War II. For additional information call on the instructor, Prof. A. Yanov (5620 Haven Hall, tel. 764-6386) (Yanov)

477. Southeast Asia: International Politics. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is designed for students with an interest in international economic and business relations, comparative foreign policy, and international security issues. There are two main topics for discussion: Asian security policies in the wake of the withdrawal of U.S. forces from Vietnam and of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan; and regional economic cooperation schemes in South and Southeast Asia. We will analyze and compare the policies of the major powers - the U.S., the Soviet Union, China, and Japan as well as those of the regional states, including India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, and Australia. This is a seminar, with emphasis on student research and discussion. The class is open to undergraduates, with no special background required other than a strong interest in the subject, and to students pursuing the masters program in Southeast Asian studies and business administration. Grades will be based upon participation in class discussions, oral presentations, and written work. There will be no examinations in the course. (Young)

489/Amer. Inst. 440 Financial Institutions and Economic Change. Econ. 201 and 202. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 440. (Jackson and Thomas)

490. Political Socialization. One course in political science. (4). (SS).

Course focuses on the influence of early learning, the family, peer groups, school, work place, military service and other adult organizations on the political attitudes and behavior of the mass public and political elites. We examine selected learning models as a means of organizing and understanding the literature and its relevance to adult political behavior. Method of instruction is lecture and discussion. Student evaluation is based on midterm and final exams and optional term paper. (Langton)

491, 492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6 each). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for total of 8 credits.

Political Science 492 is offered Winter Term, 1984.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493, 494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4 each). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Political Science 494 is offered Winter Term, 1984.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course.

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 002.
This undergraduate seminar will deal with REVISIONISM, i.e., with various schools of unorthodox Marxism, and with the reasons for the recurrent efforts to "revise" orthodox Marxist doctrine and practice. Familiarity with the general outlines of Marxist theory is assumed; students who are not sure whether they meet this prerequisite are encouraged to see the instructor. Students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation and written work, including a major term paper. No final exam. (Meyer)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

This seminar on "Economic Democracy" examines the theory and practice of self-management (SM) of the work organization. Who advocates SM and why ("cooling out," self-actualization and humanization of work, democratic politics, humane socialism?)? Where has SM been tried (USA, Europe, Israel, Chili, Peru, Yugoslavia etc.)? What have been the effects of SM programs on production, labor conflict, personal development, democratic and political participation, and the structure and culture of the larger society? What has been the influence of external institutions on the success or failure of SM enterprises (state, political parties, market, military, prior socialization in family and school, unions etc.). The method of instruction is seminar discussion. Student evaluation will be based on seminar discussion and paper. (Langton)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 002 The Politics of Russian Counterreform. 1564-1584 and 1929-1953. A Comparison.
This seminar is to study the intricacies of political change in the Russian/Soviet empire. In essence it is a search for causes of why the empire is the "Sick Man of Europe," that is why it happens to be the only remaining empire in the world and why has it never been politically modernized. The phenomenon of Russian counterreform seems to be of fundamental importance for this study. This seminar is a comparative analysis of the origins, nature, and domestic and foreign policies of two Russian counterreforms (1564-1584 and 1929-1953) which although they are divided by many generations, reforms and revolutions, may have pursued a similar goal of arresting the political modernization of Russia. (Yanov)

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