Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of Etruria and Rome. Emphasis will be given to art and architecture. The rise and fall of the Roman Empire as far as it can be documented in the archaeological record will be our main study and emphasis will be placed on the development of the city of Rome as an urban center. Individual topics to be examined include the cities and cemeteries of Etruria, the origins of the city of Rome, the typical Roman town, Roman architecture (palaces, ports, aqueducts, roads, baths, amphitheatres, circuses), sculpture, mosaics, wall painting, and portraiture. There are no prerequisites for the course. The format of the course consists of three illustrated lectures per week and a discussion section. The requirements are a midterm and a final examination which will include material covered in the lectures. (Albertson)

427/Hist. of Art 427. Pompeii: Its Life and Art. (3). (HU).

The history of the city of Pompeii, from the Etruscan and Greek periods through its destruction by volcanic eruption in A.D. 79. Attention will be paid to the development of the city plan, to architectural achievements (in both the public and private sectors), to social stratification and mobility, to religious developments, artistic currents, and to political organization. Throughout, attempts will be made to consider the particular ways in which a knowledge of Pompeii contributes uniquely to a modern appreciation of Roman civilization and culture; to this end, comparisons and contrasts with other Roman cities Ostia and Herculaneum will be stressed. Finally, some attention will be given to the history of the excavations, and to the contributions to 18th century artistic and cultural taste which resulted from the rediscovery of this ancient Campanian city. There will be a midterm and a final examination; and students will be expected to write a paper on a Pompeian topic of their choosing. (Albertson)

434/Hist. of Art 434. Archaic Greek Art. Hist. of Art 101 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course will examine the birth, growth, and maturation of the Doric and Ionic orders of Greek Architecture, of the major types of sculpture in the round (standing male and female figures) in limestone, marble, bronze, and ivory, and of the principal schools of Greek vasepainting. The various types of sculptured stone ornament which decorated temples and treasuries continuous friezes, triglyphs and metopes, pediments, akroteria will be studied with special attention to origins, transmission and distribution, as will workshops of sculptors with special reference to the relations between the Mainland and the Islands. Corinthian and Athenian production of vases will be studied with focus on artistic impulses and individual hands. The course will cover the period from about 700 B.C. 480 B.C., and will range from the Greek East (Assos, Ephesos, Neandria, Samos, Miletos, Smyrna, and Phokaia) through the heartland to the West (Gela, Akragas, Selinus, Syracuse, Posidonia). Classical Archaeology 221 (Introduction to Greek Archaeology) would provide a good background to this course, but is not a requirement; the course fulfills one requirement for the undergraduate concentration in Classical Archaeology. An hour exam, one paper, and a final exam. (Pedley)

536/Hist. of Art 536. Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture Hist. of Art 101 or Class. Arch. 330; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 536. (Gazda)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already taken Greek 101 in the Fall Term. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 103. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading selections from Xenophon's Anabasis. (Section 001 L. Edwards; Section 002 Ross)

103. Intensive Elementary Greek. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, or 310. (5). (FL).

In order to provide a more flexible program for students who desire to study ancient Greek but who have been unable to begin the regular course sequence in the Fall Term, the Department of Classical Studies plans to offer a winter-term intensive course in beginning Classical Greek. This course is designed to cover all of Greek grammar and the rudiments of reading, and to prepare the beginning student to enter the regular second-year reading course in the Fall Term or an intermediate course in the Spring or Summer Half-term. In view of the large amount of material to be covered, the course will meet five days a week for one hour. Additional materials for summer study and review will be provided at the end of the term to help students prepare more fully for Greek 301 in the fall. (Scott)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric grammar and vocabulary. The class will translate and discuss readings from the Odyssey. Weekly quizzes; midterm and final exams (no papers). (Cameron)

Intermediate Courses

402. Greek Drama. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course serves to introduce the student to both the form and the content of Greek tragedy, through a close reading of two plays: one of Sophocles and one of Euripides. In addition to detailed analysis of the plays' literary qualities, attention will be paid to social, historical, and religious aspects. Supplemental readings from secondary and some other primary sources will contribute to the student's knowledge of ancient Greek theaters and theater production as well. A short term paper is required. (Gellrich)

Advanced Courses

444. Homer. Greek 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

In this course we will read a portion of Homer's Iliad. Aside from translation, some attention will be given to the place of the Iliad in the Greek epic tradition, the conventions of Homeric poetry, and heroic ethics. A midterm, a final examination, and a paper will be required. (L. Edwards)

511. Thucydides. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course will involve a careful reading of the Greek text of Thucydides with a view towards analyzing the style, historiographical tradition, and political background of the historian. We will pay careful attention to the ways in which Thucydides treats the important military and political events of fifth-century Greek history, and how his treatment of those events reflects his theory of historical causation. Special emphasis will be placed on the speeches recounted in the narrative, both in terms of their stylistic features and in terms of the patterns of argumentation presented by the speakers. Students will examine some of the important secondary works on Thucydides and from time to time make a class presentation. Midterm, final, and a 10-page paper. (McCulloch)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 194, 222, 231, and 232 in the Winter Term, 1984. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

The assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; conjunctions, adverbs, and prepositions; and such sentence kernel types as transitive active, passive, linking, and factitive. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

The assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of verbs, indirect statements, questions, and commands and other dependent clauses. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1984, this course is jointly offered with Latin 503. See Latin 503 for the description. (Gellrich and Udris)

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 221, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).
Section 001.
This class will ask you to bring together and apply all the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the pleasurable reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I-VI of Vergil's epic, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. We will review grammar as necessary. We will spend most of one class period each week (usually Mondays) studying Vergil's poem in English. As we read each of the twelve books of the epic in this way we will ask what is going on and why. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the Aeneid is all about and an ability to confront any Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Final grades will be based upon regular class participation, a number of sight quizzes and short homework assignments, three midterms, and a two-hour final. (Wallin)

Section 003. The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (4). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (1st Century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of Cicero's speech, Pro Caelio, and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Occasional lectures will be given to set the works in their historical and literary contexts. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be quizzes, a midterm, and final. (Scott)

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

Petronius' Satiricon. Representative selections of this ancient novel, with special reference to its literary, social, and religious dimensions. Short paper, hour and final examinations. Text is Satiricon, ed. Sage & Gilleland (paper). (Witke)

Advanced Courses

404. Advanced Latin Composition. Latin 403. (2). (HU).

This is an advanced course, designed to develop the student's sensitivity toward Latin prose style by close reading and imitation of the major prose authors. Therefore students should possess a good knowledge of Latin grammar and have mastered the principles of elementary prose composition. Weekly compositions will be required and a final examination. (Ross)

410. Poetry of the Republic and Later Empire. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

We will read two comedies of Plautus, and (if possible) one of Terence. (Frier)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. I and II: (3); III b: (2). (HU).

In the Winter Term, 1984, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

436/MARC 441. Medieval Latin II, 900-1350 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

See MARC 441. (Witke)

439. Ovid, Selections. (3). (HU).

This term Latin 439 will be devoted to a study of Ovid's rather singular epic poem, the Metamorphoses. Significant portions of the text, at least books I, III, V, VII, and X, will be read in Latin, and the remainder of the poem will be assigned in English translation. Attention will be directed toward the poem's diction, imagery, structure, genre, and possible political implications; consideration of Ovid's wit, prerequisite to any interpretation of his verse, will not be neglected. Students should possess a good reading knowledge of classical Latin, and some familiarity with antecedent and contemporary Roman poetry. Class discussion will be supplemented by informal lectures. A short paper will be required in addition to the midterm and final examinations. (Udris)

500. Special Reading Course in Latin. (4). (HU).

Although this course is designed primarily to meet the needs of beginning graduate students who must perfect their ability to read Latin at sight, it is also open by permission of the instructor to undergraduates with similar needs. Readings will be based on major prose authors. Weekly quizzes will test the student's progress in translating unseen passages from these authors, and class discussion will center on grammatical review and precise translation. There will be a midterm and a final exam. (Ross)

503. Intensive Reading of Latin. Latin 502 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 504. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1984, this course is jointly offered with Latin 194. This is a continuation of Latin 193/502, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the (Fall) term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Cicero). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include the entire Fourth Book (the Dido book) of Vergil's Aeneid. Students need not have taken the first term (Latin 193/502) to enroll in Latin 194/503. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. Aeneid Book IV has been chosen as the main text because of its inherent importance and interest as well as for its subsequent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such - not simply as an exercise in translation. The course, though designed primarily to serve the needs of graduate students (in such fields as history, literature, linguistics) who find a reading knowledge of Latin essential for their work, is open to undergraduates with similar needs. (Gellrich and Udris)

514. Tacitus, Annals. One advanced course in Latin. (3). (HU).

We will read Tacitus, Agricola and Annals. Two or three papers. (Frier)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the civilization of Ancient Rome from the beginning through Early Christianity (Fourth Century A.D.) and is being offered by the Department of Classical Studies for students throughout LSA without knowledge of Greek or Latin, as well as the students currently enrolled in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their learning by study of the many aspects of Roman civilization of which the Latin language is the chief cultural expression. Three lectures and one recitation each week. Lectures will focus on the literature, history, philosophy, religion, law, archaeology, art, technology, science, mythology, economics, political life, and private life of the Romans. Readings in ancient primary sources (translated) and in modern works will be assigned. Fulfills humanities distribution requirements. Three 5-7 page papers, a midterm, and a final exam. Professor McCulloch is the course coordinator; individual lectures will be given by professors in the Department of Classical Studies and in other departments. (McCulloch)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 - Knudsvig; Section 002 Anderson; Section 003 L. Edwards)

360/Pol. Sci. 406. Greek Political Thought. (4). (SS).

See Political Science 406. (Saxonhouse)

455. Rhetoric in the Ancient World. (3). (HU).

Do you want to learn about using language effectively? Influencing the thought and behavior of others? Being more aware of how others may be using language to influence your thoughts and actions? If so, this course may interest you whether you are concentrating in communications, history, a literature, philosophy, pre-law, or any liberal arts area. We will explore the field of rhetoric, its beginnings and developments in ancient Greece and Rome, organizing our approach around three interlocking topics: (1) Rhetoric and Speechmaking; (2) Rhetoric and Philosophy; and (3) Rhetoric in Society. This focus will provide the course with a practical, a theoretical, and an historical dimension. We will explore such questions as: What has been the role of rhetoric as a social and educational force? What is the role of telling the truth in effective persuasions? Why be concerned with rhetorical theory at all? We may consider a debate from a Greek tragedy, or some speeches from Homer's Iliad or Thucydides' History or Winston Churchill. There will be several short written assignments (about 10-12 pages total for the term), a midterm, and a final exam. Readings will be drawn from all types and periods of classical literature. This course may be used to meet the LSA Junior-Senior writing requirement. ECB students will be required to do more writing. (A. Edwards)

462. Greek Mythology. (4). (HU).

Greek Mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths and their Near Eastern prototypes through the Trojan war and the wanderings of Ulysses. The development of the various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. The use and treatment of Greek myths in English literature, modern psychoanalytical theory, and comparative anthropology will also be discussed. Required texts will be Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Hesiod's Theogony, plus a course pack including several Greek tragedies and readings which illustrate the variety of theoretical approaches to mythology. The readings will be analysed in discussion sections which meet once per week. Student mastery of the material will be tested in two midterms and a final examination. All exams will be objective and/or short answer. (Herbert)


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