Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of Etruria and Rome. Emphasis will be given to art and architecture. The rise and fall of the Roman Empire as far as it can be documented in the archaeological record will be our main study and emphasis will be placed on the development of the city of Rome as an urban center. Individual topics to be examined include the cities and cemeteries of Etruria, the origins of the city of Rome, the typical Roman town, Roman architecture (palaces, ports, aqueducts, roads, baths, amphitheatres, circuses), sculpture, mosaics, wall painting, and portraiture. There are no prerequisites for the course. The format of the course consists of three illustrated lectures per week and a discussion section. The requirements are a midterm and a final examination which will include material covered in the lectures. (Albertson)

436/Hist. of Art 436. Hellenistic and Roman Architecture. Hist. of Art 101 or Class. Arch. 330; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course focuses on the architecture of the Hellenistic and Roman worlds from about 100 BC to the reign of Constantine (early fourth century AD). Hellenistic influence on Roman architecture is discussed, and then particular attention given to Roman innovations in building materials (concrete), building types, and designs and plans. The period from ca. 50 BC to 120 AD will be covered in the greatest detail. There will be a midterm, final, and one paper required. The textbooks for the course are Frank Sear, Roman Architecture (paperback) and William L. MacDonald, The Architecture of the Roman Empire (Yale paperback). Supplementary readings will be given in course packs. (Humphrey)

531/Hist. of Art 531. Aegean Art and Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

A survey of the major sites of Greece, Crete, and the Cyclades in the Bronze Age, with particular reference to architectural and ceramic development and interdependence. Architectural questions to be addressed will include the origins of the Minoan palatial complexes (Knossos, Phaistos, Mallia, Zakro) and the Mycenaean megara (Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, etc.) and the spread of architectural ideas across the Eastern Mediterranean. Pottery problems will include those of the varieties of ceramic production (Minyan) in Middle Helladic Greece, and of the stylistic and chronological relationship between Cretan, Cycladic, and Mainland shapes in the Late Bronze Age. Archaeological evidence, stratigraphic and otherwise, will be brought to bear on historical problems such as the date of the arrival of the first Greeks speakers in Greece, the destruction sequence at the end of the third millennium, the date of the volcanic eruption of Thera, the reasons for the demise of the Minoan civilization, the historicity of the Siege of Troy and the thalassocracy of Minos. Students who have taken C.A. 221 (Introduction to Greek Archaeology) will have some familiarity with some of the material, but 221 is not a prerequisite. Undergraduates and graduate students will be welcome. There will be an hour exam, a paper, and a final. (Pedley)

Classical Linguistics (Division 345)

503/Rom. Ling. 503. History of the Latin Language I: 600-1 B.C. Latin 221 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

Reading and interpretation (linguistic rather than literary or historical) of Latin texts, chiefly inscriptions, dating from ca. 600 B.C. to 1 B.C., and selected to show the condition and evolution of the spoken Latin language as distinguished from written, Classical Latin. The prerequisite is a reading knowledge of Latin (equivalent to the proficiency attained at the end of a one-year course in college). The texts to be read, and commentaries, are contained in an anthology; students are also provided with a bibliography of works for outside reading and homework, a number of which are placed on Graduate Reserve in the Library. The course is conducted with lectures and discussion. Evaluation is based on a written final examination, or on a midterm examination and a final term paper. The course is the first half of the sequence Classical Linguistics 503-504, the second half, using the same anthology (which is usable also for two other linguistics courses), to deal with the six centuries after Christ. Either course may be taken without the other. (Pulgram)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already taken Greek 101 in the Fall Term. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 103. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading Attic prose selections. (Section 001 L. Edwards; Section 002 Rickert)

103. Intensive Elementary Greek. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, or 310. (5). (FL).

In order to provide a more flexible program for students who desire to study ancient Greek but who have been unable to begin the regular course sequence in the Fall Term, the Department of Classical Studies plans to offer a winter-term intensive course in beginning Classical Greek. This course is designed to cover all of Greek grammar and the rudiments of reading, and to prepare the beginning student to enter the regular second-year reading course in the Fall Term or an intermediate course in the Spring or Summer Half-term. In view of the large amount of material to be covered, the course will meet five days a week for one hour. Additional materials for summer study and review will be provided at the end of the term to help students prepare more fully for Greek 301 in the fall. (Scott)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric grammar and vocabulary. The class will translate and discuss readings from the Odyssey. Weekly quizzes; midterm and final exams (no papers). (Cameron)

Intermediate Courses

402. Greek Drama. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course serves to introduce the student to both the form and content of Greek tragedy through a close reading of two plays of Sophocles. In addition to detailed analysis of the plays' literary qualities, attention will be paid to social, historical, and religious aspects. Supplemental readings will contribute to the student's knowledge of ancient Greek theater production as well. Translation examinations and a short paper are required. (L. Edwards)

Advanced Courses

482. Aristotle, Ethics. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The course will concentrate on the Nicomachean Ethics. Selections will be read in Greek and the entire work in English. Special attention will be paid to Aristotle's relationship to Platonic and Socratic ethics. Requirements consist of student presentations, midterm and final exams, and a final paper. (Rickert)

516. Aristophanes. (3). (HU).

Reading of Clouds, Frogs, and selections from other plays and fragments of Old Comedy. The course will emphasize Aristophanes' literary criticism, but will also treat his language and style, political and cultural satire, stagecraft, humor, formal characteristics, and place in Greek literary tradition. A short paper will be required in addition to the final examination. (Scodel)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 194, 222, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

The assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; conjunctions, adverbs, and prepositions; and such sentence kernel types as transitive active, passive, linking, and factitive. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

The assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of verbs, indirect statements, questions, and commands and other dependent clauses. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1985, this course is jointly offered with Latin 503. See Latin 503 for the description. (Dix and Ross)

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 221, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).
Section 001.
This class will ask you to bring together and apply all the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the pleasurable reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I-VI of Vergil's epic, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. We will review grammar as necessary. We will also study Vergil's poem in English. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the Aeneid is all about and an ability to confront any Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Final grades will be based upon regular class participation, a number of sight quizzes and short homework assignments, three midterms, and a two-hour final. (Wallin)

Section 003. The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (1st Century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of several of Cicero's speeches and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be several hour exams and a final. (Knudsvig)

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.
A close reading of portions of Tacitus' Annals. Besides translation, attention will be paid to Tacitus' narrative technique, his place in Roman historiography, and to the historical background. A short paper and translation examinations will be required. (L. Edwards)

Advanced Courses

410. Poetry of the Republic and Later Empire. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.
This term we will read in Latin selections from Lucretius' De Rerum Natura, and the entire work in English. Special emphasis will be placed on Epicurean Philosophy, but attention will also be given to Lucretius' place in Latin literary history. Requirements consist of student presentations, midterm and final exams, and a final paper. (Rickert)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. (3). (HU).

In the Winter Term, 1985, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500-900 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

See MARC 440. (Witke)

451. Early Latin Prose. (3). (HU).

This course addresses the stylistic theory and practice of early Latin prose; writers of oratory and of history predominate, but attention will also be paid to other forms of prose. Besides epigraphical texts, works of Cato the Elder, the Gracchi, Claudius Quadrigarius, Caesar, Cicero, Sallust, Asinius Pollio, Livy, and others will be read and analyzed. Hour examination, final examination, short paper. No text; a course pack will be available. (Witke)

500. Special Reading Course in Latin. (4). (HU).

Although this course is designed primarily to meet the needs of beginning graduate students who must perfect their ability to read Latin at sight, it is also open by permission of the instructor to undergraduates with similar needs. Readings will be based on major prose authors. Weekly quizzes will test the student's progress in translating unseen passages from these authors, and class discussion will center on grammatical review and precise translation. There will be a midterm and a final exam. (Ross)

503. Intensive Reading of Latin. Latin 502 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 221, 222, 231, 232, or 504. (4). (FL).

During Winter Term, 1985, this course is jointly offered with Latin 194. This is a continuation of Latin 193/502, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the (Fall) term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Cicero). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include the entire Fourth Book (the Dido book) of Vergil's Aeneid. Students need not have taken the first term (Latin 193/502) to enroll in Latin 194/503. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. Aeneid Book IV has been chosen as the main text because of its inherent importance and interest as well as for its subsequent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such - not simply as an exercise in translation. The course, though designed primarily to serve the needs of graduate students (in such fields as history, literature, linguistics) who find a reading knowledge of Latin essential for their work, is open to undergraduates with similar needs. (001 Dix; 002 Ross) Udris)

566. Horace, Complete Works. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The development of Horace's poetic style, with special attention to the Epodes and Odes; also, the evolution of Horace's social commentary in the Satires and Epistles. Class discussions, reports, paper. (Witke)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the civilization of Ancient Rome from the beginning through Early Christianity (Fourth Century A.D.) and is being offered by the Department of Classical Studies for students throughout LSA without knowledge of Greek or Latin. The course will also be of interest to students currently enrolled in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their learning by study of the many aspects of Roman civilization, of which the Latin language is the chief cultural expression. Three lectures and one recitation each week. Lectures will focus on the literature, history, philosophy, religion, law, archaeology, art, technology, science, mythology, economics, political life, and private life of the Romans. Readings in ancient primary sources (translated) and in modern works will be assigned. Fulfills humanities distribution requirements. Three 5-7 page papers, a midterm, and a final exam. Professor McCulloch is the course coordinator and principal lecturer; lectures will also be given by other professors in the Department of Classical Studies. (McCulloch)

303. Early sources for English Literature. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to give English Department concentrators, and students with similar needs in any department, the necessary background in Greek and Roman literature and the Bible. Selections from Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Plato, Cicero, Horace, Seneca, Ovid, and Vergil. The selections from the Bible will be chosen to concentrate on the topics of typology and eschatology. Two lectures and one recitation a week. Two 5-8 page papers and a final exam. (Cameron)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 - Staff; Section 002 and Section 003 Dix)

455. Rhetoric in the Ancient World. (3). (HU).

Do you want to learn about using language effectively? Influencing the thought and behavior of others? Being more aware of how others may be using language to influence your thoughts and actions? If so, this course may interest you whether you are concentrating in communications, history, a literature, philosophy, pre-law, or any liberal arts area. We will explore the field of rhetoric, its beginnings and developments in ancient Greece and Rome, organizing our approach around three interlocking topics: (1) Rhetoric and Speechmaking; (2) Rhetoric and Philosophy; and (3) Rhetoric in Society. This focus will provide the course with a practical, a theoretical, and an historical dimension. We will explore such questions as: What has been the role of rhetoric as a social and educational force? What is the role of telling the truth in effective persuasions? Why be concerned with rhetorical theory at all? We may consider a debate from a Greek tragedy, or some speeches from Homer's Iliad or Thucydides' History, or Winston Churchill. There will be several short written assignments (about 10-12 pages total for the term), a midterm, and a final exam. Readings will be drawn from all types and periods of classical literature. This course may be used to meet the LSA Junior-Senior writing requirement. ECB students will be required to do more writing. (A. Edwards)

462. Greek Mythology. (4). (HU).

Greek Mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths and their Near Eastern prototypes through the Trojan war and the wanderings of Ulysses. The development of the various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. The use and treatment of Greek myths in English literature, modern psychoanalytical theory, and comparative anthropology will also be discussed. Required texts will be Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Hesiod's Theogony, plus a course pack including several Greek tragedies and readings which illustrate the variety of theoretical approaches to mythology. The readings will be analysed in discussion sections which meet once per week. Student mastery of the material will be tested in two midterms and a final examination. All exams will be objective and/or short answer. (Herbert)

464. The Ancient Epic. (3). (HU).

The course will emphasize Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid; we will also read the Gilgamesh epic and selections from Apollonius' Argonautica and Lucan's Pharsalia. Lectures will discuss the relations between epic and myth, oral poetry, the characteristics of epic narrative, the heroic ethos, how epic tradition was adapted to changing cultural needs, the influence of ancient epics on modern literature, as well as the interpretation of the individual epics studied. No special background is required; two short papers (5-8 pages), an hour exam, and a final exam. (Scodel)

483/ABS 483/Religion 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilization. (4). (HU).

See Ancient and Biblical Studies 483. (Hoffmann)

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