Near Eastern Studies

General Near East (Division 439)

204/Rel. 204. Islamic Religion: An Introduction. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to be a well-rounded introduction to Islam in theory and practice, and will deal with the following subjects: fundamental of Islam; principal intellectual pursuits of Muslims, with emphasis on the formative phase; and modern religious developments in the Muslim world. There will be three exams. (Mir)

398. Undergraduate Reading Course. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course is an independent study reading course which must be supervised by a Near Eastern Studies faculty member. It is normally taken by a student who would like to study some aspect of a subject within a course already taken in further detail. Arrangements for the course are made directly with the faculty member.

446. Modern Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

An introduction to the modern literature of the Arab Lands, Iran, Israel and Turkey. The course is taught by four professors, each of whom will examine the literature in which he/she specializes. Lectures introduce major literary figures and their works within the framework of the historical and social circumstances of their lives. Materials in English translation are reviewed wherever possible and discussions relate particularly to genre development and external influences on the literatures of the modern Near East. (Stewart-Robinson)

469. Jewish Civilization. (3). (SS).

Lectures on topics in Jewish Intellectual History, with class discussion based on selected assignments. Some of the topics are: Monotheism, Law, Messianism, Mysticism, Language and Literature, Sabbath and the Festivals, Sacrifice and Prayer. Students are evaluated on the basis of two exams. (Schramm)

471/Hist. 441. The Near East in the Period of the Crusades, 945-1258. (3). (HU).

Survey of political, social and economic developments in the Near East, AD. 900-1300, with special emphasis on the causes and consequences of the crusader and Mongol invasions. (Ehrenkreutz)

488. Traditional Islamic Law and Legal Theory. (3). (HU).

This course will deal with Islamic legal theory as it developed in the formative centuries of Islamic history. The principal schools of law, both Sunni and Shi'i, will be examined, and the major concerns and preoccupations of Muslim legists discussed. Recent legal developments in the Muslim world will be reviewed. One of the main aims of the course is to bring out the distinctive ethos of Islamic law. English texts will be used. There will be three exams. No Prerequisites. (Mir)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LSA Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," "with high Honors," or "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. (3). (FL).

An introduction to the language and style of the Hebrew Bible, using Weingreen's Practical Grammar of Classical Hebrew as the text. Daily instruction on grammar with drills. Students are evaluated on the basis of daily homework assignments and weekly quizzes. (Schramm)

280/Rel. 280. Jesus and the Gospels. (4). (HU).

This course is an introductory inquiry into the canonical and non-canonical sources of the life of Jesus of Nazareth. As such, it entails examination of, and familiarity with, the primary documentation of the Christian movement, viz., the New Testament; assigned readings in apocryphal and non-Christian sources bearing on the formation of the Jesus-tradition; and secondary sources of an interpretive nature. In essence, the course represents an attempt to reconstruct a historically reliable picture of the tradition concerning Jesus' life and teaching from the sources named above. The Gospels will be approached and examined as the literary remains of the early Jesus-movement and tested, like other sources, for historical credibility. The course presupposes no previous work in Ancient and Biblical Studies and no knowledge of biblical languages. Students taking the course for credit will be required to take an hourly examination and to write a research paper of about 15 pages on some topic or issue arising out of the lectures. (Hoffman)

483/Rel. 488/Class. Civ. 483. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilization. (4). (HU).

This course represents a thematic introduction to early Christian literature and to some of the controversies arising out of the engagement of the developing Church with Hellenistic culture. The course will also touch on the philosophical background of early Christian doctrine, up to and including the ecumenical council of 325, and the major philosophical and literary critiques of Christianity. Themes to be examined include: (a) cosmological dualism in the Hellenistic world; (b) Christian and "pagan" ideas of morality; (c) romance literature and the formation of distinctive Christian literary genres; (d) mystery religions, ceremonial meals, and magic; (e) the pagan view of Christianity; (f) Christological disputes and doctrinal solutions. Students taking the course for credit will be asked to submit a research paper on a subject of interest or to take a final examination. Thorough familiarity with assigned reading and participation in class discussion are desirable, as is a rudimentary knowledge of the Gospels and/or Hellenistic civilization. No knowledge of Greek or Latin is required. Texts: Norris Christological Controversies; Stevenson, A New Eusebius; Hengel, The Son of God; Dodds, Pagan and Christian in an Age of Anxiety; others on library reserve. Recommended: H. Koster, Introduction to the New Testament, vols. 1 and 2; Hennecke and Schneemelcher, New Testament Apocrypha, 1 and 2; H. Chadwick, The Early Church. (Hoffman)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two optional hours per week for oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour and general instructions. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to six credits. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each lesson (50%) and scheduled and comprehensive tests (50%). Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Arabic Phonology and Script by E. N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Part One, by P. Abboud et al. (Staff, Rammuny)

102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture, and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two optional hours per week for oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each term (50%) and scheduled comprehensive tests (50%). Textbook: Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part Two by P. Abboud et al. (Rammuny)

202. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 201 or equivalent. (6). (FL).

This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. It is the second of a year-long course whose primary goals are to enable the student to (1) understand familiar spoken literary Arabic, (2) converse with a native speaker of Arabic using simple terms, (3) read and understand the specific content of an elemental level and (4) write correct short responses within the scope of his/her vocabulary and experience. The method of instruction puts equal emphasis on the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course is conducted in Arabic except for grammatical explanations. It meets six hours weekly and requires approximately ten hours every week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes in the laboratory or at home, writing assignments and review of material covered in class. Course grade is based on classroom preparation including written assignments and performance (20%), tests and quizzes (50%), and a final examination (25%). Required texts: Peter Abboud et al., Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. part One and Two. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1975. (Staff, Rammuny)

402. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic Arabic 401 or the equivalent. (6). (Excl).

This course is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for other students who expect to learn Arabic for use in related fields. It is the second part of a one-year sequence of Intermediate Modern Arabic whose objectives are to enable the student to (1) comprehend spoken literary Arabic comparable in content and difficulty to the student's intermediate level, (2) participate with a native speaker of Arabic in a dialogue or conversation using familiar vocabulary and structures, (3) read with understanding subject matter comparable to what he/she has learned, and (4) write a summary of about 100 words of a short story or passage read, and answers to questions in the form of short paragraphs. The method of instruction stresses the four language skills with particular emphasis on oral and written practice based on selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction and A-V cultural materials. The course is conducted in Arabic and meets six hours weekly with 10-12 extra hours per week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes, writing assignments and review. Course grade is based on classroom performance, weekly written assignments and quizzes, a midterm and a final examination. Required Texts : Peter Abboud et al, Modern Standard Arabic. Intermediate level. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1974. (Rammuny)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

416. Syrian Colloquial Arabic. Arabic 415. (3). (Excl).

This is a continuation of Arabic 415. In Arabic 415 the basic principles of pronunciation and grammar are emphasized through oral and pattern practice drills. In Arabic 416 the emphasis shifts to practical use of the dialect based on expanded vocabulary and texts containing more cultural and idiomatic content than the texts taught in the previous term. The course is accompanied by tape recordings of the pronunciation drills, the basic texts, the vocabulary, the conversations and the listening comprehension selections. Regular use of the language laboratory is required to reinforce class work and also to do the assignments which need to be recorded. The course grade is based on classroom performance, assignments, tests and the final examination. Textbooks: Colloquial Levantine Arabic by Ernest McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

502. Advanced Arabic Composition. Arabic 501 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of this course are to develop fluency and accuracy in understanding, speaking and writing modern standard Arabic, and to expand students' awareness of Arab-Islamic life and culture, The course is based on a variety of literary texts and authentic cultural audiovisual materials including slides, videocassettes, and films. There is a special emphasis on active mastery of useful idiomatic and cultural expressions and the use of Arabic for oral and written communication. Occasionally, students are required to select their own topics and give brief presentations. Requirements include daily preparations, two weekly written compositions, occasional tests, and a final paper in Arabic. Course grade is based on classroom preparation and performance (10%), written compositions (25%), occasional tests (25%) and a final paper (40%). The course textbooks are Advanced Arabic Conversations and Composition by Raji M. Rammuny, and Advanced Arabic Composition. Student's Guide by Raji M. Rammuny. (Rammuny)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201. Elementary Modern Hebrew. (5). (FL).

Development of basic communication skills in Hebrew. Reading, writing and grammar. Class discussion and readings in Hebrew. Class and language laboratory drills.

202. Elementary Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Continuation of the development of basic communication skills of reading, writing and speaking modern standard Hebrew. Class drills, class discussions in Hebrew, language laboratory drills.

401. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 202 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. Intermediate level. (Staff, Coffin)

402. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 401. (5). (FL).

Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. Intermediate level.

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

404. Hebrew of the Communications Media. Hebrew 403 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Students will continue to read for comprehension in the special genre of newspaper literature. The special terminology of newspaper and radio will be emphasized. Unedited newspaper selections will be read, and regular radio and television news broadcasts will be used in the classroom and in the language laboratory. (Coffin)

502. Advanced Hebrew. Hebrew 501. (3). (HU).

Continuing to develop the skills of reading, writing, and speaking modern Hebrew on an advanced level, and introducing the student to modern Hebrew poetry and prose. (Coffin)

541. Hebrew Legendary (Tannaitic) Literature. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

Readings and interpretations of texts from the Tannaitic corpus of literature, including Mishnah Aggada. (Schramm)

552. Modern Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 502 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be elected for credit more than once with permission of instructor.

The objective of the course is to deepen the knowledge of the student in the fields of Hebrew language and Hebrew literature will pursue this goal by introducing the student to contemporary Israeli writers, novelists and poets. (Balaban)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201. Elementary Persian. (4). (FL).

Persian 201 is the first term of a two year (four-term) sequence of language coursework that takes the student through to an intermediate level of reading and speaking the Persian language. Student evaluation is based on examinations-periodic quizzes, a midterm, and a final. The basic text, Modern Persian. Elementary Level, by Windfuhr and Tehranisa, will be used throughout Persian 201 and supplemented by coordinated tapes produced for enrolled students in the language lab. (Luther)

401. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 202 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Reading and comprehension, conversation and composition are systematically developed. The textbook is a new series of volumes accompanied by tapes covering modern fiction, expository prose and cultural-topic material both in readings and dialog form. The language of the classroom is increasingly Persian. Textbook: Modern Persian. Intermediate Level, Vol. I and II. Windfuhr et al., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980. (Luther)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

541. Classical Persian Texts. Iranian 402 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course involves the reading and literary analysis of texts from major authors of the classical period (ca. 950-1500) and includes basic skills in reading aloud and the use of the rules of prosody in scansion and interpretation of poetry texts. It will include shorter or longer passages from such writers as Ferdowski, Nezami, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez, Bayhaqi, Nezamiye Aruzi, and others, according to the interests of the class and instructor. There are midterm and final exams. The texts are in the form of a photocopied course pack. (Luther)

Turkish Studies (Turkish: Division 493)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Turkish. Turkish 201 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the sequel to Turkish 201 and is the second half of Elementary Turkish. We will focus on speaking and writing the language of Modern Turkey. Course topics include the phonological structure of Turkish, basic sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary. The aural-oral approach is emphasized and serves as the basic course format. There are tapes which accompany the text, Turkish for Foreigners. Student evaluation is based on written and oral quizzes, and a final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

402. Intermediate Turkish. Turkish 401 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. The course is designed for students who have completed Turkish 202 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed through translations and compositions. Readings will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. Reading material will be provided. Evaluation will be determined on the basis of class quizzes and performance, a midterm and final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

551. Modern Turkish Prose Literature. Turkish 402 or permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

Part of sequence in required language courses for majors, M.A. and Ph.D. candidates. The objective is to continue to develop comprehension ease in modern Turkish through the reading of the literary products of modern Turks. Recitation type course includes reading, translation, and discussion of content and style. Quizzes and a final exam are required. The texts are: A. Tietze, Turkish Literary Reader; and specially selected xeroxed material. (Stewart-Robinson)

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