Near Eastern Studies

General Near East (Division 439)

204/Rel. 204. Islamic Religion: An Introduction. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to be a well-rounded introduction to Islam in theory and practice, and will deal with the following subjects: fundamental of Islam; principal intellectual pursuits of Muslims, with emphasis on the formative phase; and modern religious developments in the Muslim world. There will be a midterm and a final. (Mir)

398. Undergraduate Reading Course. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course is an independent study reading course which must be supervised by a Near Eastern Studies faculty member. It is normally taken by a student who would like to study some aspect of a subject within a course already taken in further detail. Arrangements for the course are made directly with the faculty member.

423/Geography 423. Geography of the Near East. (3). (SS).

See Geography 423. (Kolars)

444/Relig. 440. The Lord's Supper. (1). (HU). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

See Religion 440. (Barth)

446. Modern Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

An introduction to the modern literature of the Arab Lands, Iran, Israel and Turkey. The course is taught by four professors, each of whom will examine the literature in which he/she specializes. Lectures introduce major literary figures and their works within the framework of the historical and social circumstances of their lives. Materials in English translation are reviewed wherever possible and discussions relate particularly to genre development and external influences on the literatures of the modern Near East. (Stewart-Robinson)

471/Hist. 441. The Near East in the Period of the Crusades, 945-1258. (3). (HU).

Survey of political, social and economic developments in the Near East, AD. 900-1300, with special emphasis on the causes and consequences of the crusader and Mongol invasions. (Ehrenkreutz)

483. Sufism. (3). (Excl).

After tracing the early developments of Sufism, the course will study Sufism on three levels. First, we will look at Sufi doctrine in general, taking note of the variety and complexity of views to be found here. This part will also make a survey of major Sufi orders and brotherhoods. In the second part we will study the thought of a few representative Sufi thinkers. The last part will deal with the literary expression of the Sufistic impulse. All readings will be in English. A midterm and a final. NO PREREQUISITES. (Mir)

488. Traditional Islamic Law and Legal Theory. (3). (HU).

This course will deal with Islamic legal theory as it developed in the formative centuries of Islamic history. The principal schools of law, both Sunni and Shi'i, will be examined, and the major concerns and preoccupations of Muslim legists discussed. Recent legal developments in the Muslim world will be reviewed. One of the main aims of the course is to bring out the distinctive ethos of Islamic law. English texts will be used. A midterm and a final. No prerequisites. (Mir)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LSA Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," or with "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Literature and Civilization Courses

350/Religion 350. History of Christian Thought, I: Paul to Augustine. (4). (HU).

See Religion 350. (Hoffman)

441. Ancient Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

This course aims to survey the chief types of ancient Near Eastern literature in translation; we shall be dealing with Sumerian, Assyro-Babylonian, Egyptian, Canaanite, Hittite, and selected Hebrew materials. Beyond this it seeks to examine specifically and at some length the outstanding masterpieces of ancient Near Eastern civilizations, works such as The Gilgamesh Epic, various creation myths, Sinuhe, Wen-Amon, outstanding examples of hymns and prayers, Wisdom literature, and more. Finally it seeks to discuss aesthetic and literary-critical principles that can be applied to this ancient literature. The teaching method combines lectures and discussions; where pertinent, lectures will attempt to take into account characteristics of Greek literary types for comparative purposes. Students should have had some prior course work in literature or literary criticism before electing this course. Student evaluation will be on the basis of two short papers, a midterm exam, and the usual final exam for undergraduates, and one short and one long paper, a midterm exam, and the final examination for graduates. Texts include a variety of available paperbacks. (Orlin)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as eight hours a week plus two optional hours per week for oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour and general instructions. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to six credits. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each lesson (50%) and scheduled and comprehensive tests (50%). Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Arabic Phonology and Script by E. N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Part One, by P. Abboud et al. (Staff, Rammuny)

102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture, and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two optional hours per week for oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each term (50%) and scheduled comprehensive tests (50%). Textbook: Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part Two by P. Abboud et al. (Rammuny)

202. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 201 or equivalent. (6). (FL).

This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. It is the second of a year-long course whose primary goals are to enable the student to (1) understand familiar spoken literary Arabic, (2) converse with a native speaker of Arabic using simple terms, (3) read and understand the specific content of an elemental level and (4) write correct short responses within the scope of his/her vocabulary and experience. The method of instruction puts equal emphasis on the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course is conducted in Arabic except for grammatical explanations. It meets six hours weekly and requires approximately ten hours every week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes in the laboratory or at home, writing assignments and review of material covered in class. Course grade is based on classroom preparation including written assignments and performance (20%), tests and quizzes (50%), and a final examination (25%). Required texts: Peter Abboud et al, Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. part One and Two. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1975. (Wahba)

402. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic Arabic 401 or the equivalent. (6). (Excl).

This course is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for other students who expect to learn Arabic for use in related fields. It is the second part of a one-year sequence of Intermediate Modern Arabic whose objectives are to enable the student to (1) comprehend spoken literary Arabic comparable in content and difficulty to the student's intermediate level, (2) participate with a native speaker of Arabic in a dialogue or conversation using familiar vocabulary and structures, (3) read with understanding subject matter comparable to what he/she has learned, and (4) write a summary of about 100 words of a short story or passage read, and answers to questions in the form of short paragraphs. The method of instruction stresses the four language skills with particular emphasis on oral and written practice based on selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction and A-V cultural materials. The course is conducted in Arabic and meets six hours weekly with 10-12 extra hours per week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes, writing assignments and review. Course grade is based on classroom performance, weekly written assignments and quizzes, a midterm and a final examination. Required Texts : Peter Abboud et al, Modern Standard Arabic. Intermediate level. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan, 1974.

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

414. Egyptian Colloquial Arabic. Arab. 413 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course builds on the skills developed in Arabic 413. Although published texts as well as handouts prepared by the instructor will be utilized for reference purposes, oral exchange is the main activity to which explanations and drills will be directed. The objective of the class is to enable students to function adequately and with reasonable fluency in natural life communication involving the use of the Egyptian dialect. Aspects of Egyptian culture, e.g., customs, humor, songs, and the like, will be made familiar to the students in the course of language practice. Evaluation will be based entirely on class participation and effective oral comprehension and performance. (Wahba)

431. Arabic Phonology and Morphophonology. Arabic 402 and 430 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (2-3). (Excl).

This lecture-discussion course deals with the morphophonology of Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Specifically, it deals in detail with the generative phonology of MSA as developed in M. Brame, ARABIC PHONOLOGY: Implications for Phonological Theory and Historical Semitic. Prerequisite Arabic 430 or equivalent. Course grade will be based primarily on a term paper or final exam, plus class participation. (McCarus)

504. Survey of Arabic Literature. Arabic 502 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The course will acquaint the student with the ways in which Arabic language and literature have developed historically, major authors, and works generally recognized as worthwhile. Extensive reading of original works will be required, and occasional lectures will be given by the instructor. The students will be asked to deliver oral reports on their readings, followed by short written critiques to be shared by the class. All activities will be conducted strictly in Arabic. Evaluation will be based on class performance, one or two tests, and a final report. (Wahba)

543. Medieval Arabic Readings. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (2). (Excl).

A reading course in non-literary medieval Arabic texts, i.e., historical, geographic, religious texts. Prerequisite is Arabic 402, or an equivalent reading knowledge of Arabic. Students are evaluated by their performance in class, occasionally by examination as well. Texts for reading will be chosen after consultation with the students who sign up for the class. (Bellamy)

545. Qur'an. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (2). (Excl).

A reading course in the Qur'an, which is the only text used. Students should have completed Arabic 401, or have an equivalent reading knowledge of the language. Evaluation of students is by their performance in class, sometimes by examination. (Bellamy)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Continuation of the development of basic communication skills of reading, writing and speaking modern standard Hebrew. Class drills, class discussions in Hebrew, language laboratory drills.

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

402(502). Advanced Hebrew. Hebrew 401. (3). (HU).

The object of the course is to enhance the student's Hebrew reading and writing skills. In addition, emphasis is placed on expanding the students' vocabulary. To present the various levels of Hebrew the materials include heterogeneous texts, ranging from the biblical period to modern times. (Balaban)

403. Hebrew of the Communications Media. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Students will continue to read for comprehension in the special genre of newspaper literature. The special terminology of newspaper and radio will be emphasized. Unedited newspaper selections will be read, and regular news broadcasts will be used in the classroom and in the language laboratory.

452. Modern Hebrew Fiction: From the Palmah Generation to Contemporary Israeli Prose. (3). (HU).
From the Palmah Generation to the Fiction of the 1960's.
This course is the second of a two term sequence consisting of a survey of Modern Hebrew Literature. The emphasis is on the "Generation of the State." Readings are selected from the works of the following authors: Yizhar, Meged, Oz, Yehoshua, Appelfeld and Ben Ner. (Balaban)

543. Medieval Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

Readings of medieval genres, including secular and liturgical poetry, the romance and prose narratives. Discussions will center on literacy innovations and the role of medieval Hebrew literature within the context of the history of Western European literature. (Schramm)

547. The Bible in Jewish Tradition. Permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

Readings of biblical selections, thematically related together with interpretations provided by the medieval commentators. Discussion will center on the evidence of "non-unique" interpretations and how they structure. (Schramm)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

541. Classical Persian Texts. Iranian 402 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course involves the reading and literary analysis of texts from major authors of the classical period (ca. 950-1500) and includes basic skills in reading aloud and the use of the rules of prosody in scansion and the interpretation of poetry texts. It will include shorter or longer passages from such writers as Ferdowski, Nezami, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez, Bayhagi, Nezamiye Aruzi, and others, according to the interests of the class and instructor. There are midterm and final exams. The texts are in the form of a photocopied course pack. (Luther)

Turkish Studies (Turkish: Division 493)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Turkish. Turkish 201 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the sequel to Turkish 201 and is the second half of Elementary Turkish. We will focus on speaking and writing the language of Modern Turkey. Course topics include the phonological structure of Turkish, basic sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary. The aural-oral approach is emphasized and serves as the basic course format. There are tapes which accompany the text, Turkish for Foreigners. Student evaluation is based on written and oral quizzes, and a final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

402. Intermediate Turkish. Turkish 401 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. The course is designed for students who have completed Turkish 202 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed through translations and compositions. Readings will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. Reading material will be provided. Evaluation will be determined on the basis of class quizzes and performance, a midterm and final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

502. Advanced Turkish Composition. Turkish 402 or permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. For students who have completed Turkish 402 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. The focus is on correct expression in written form and practice in oral expression. The course is conducted in Turkish and offers ample opportunity to the student to sharpen his/her comprehension skills. A large variety of non-literary texts are provided as models for all kinds of creative writing in the target language. Evaluation is based on written assignments and class discussion. (Stewart-Robinson)

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