Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

This introductory course seeks to explore a variety of ways in which people have portrayed political reality and defined political ideals. The material will be presented in historical sequence, with newly emerging ideas seen as responses both to newly arisen circumstances and to previous ideas. The course aims to stimulate critical thinking about politics more than to increase factual knowledge. Students' progress will be measured by written essays testing their ability to integrate material presented in lectures, discussion sections and reading. The course can be used as one of the two prerequisites for Political Science concentrators. (Meyer)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kind of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will provide students with an understanding of politics in Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, and familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics Each of the countries will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Pierce and Oksenberg)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes world politics from a broad and general perspective, explaining and exploring the principles that undergird the operation of the global political system and illustrating those principles with contemporary material. The course begins by examining the basic structural features of the global political system. It considers the development of states, nationalism and nation states and then assesses the importance in the contemporary era of other actors, such as international governmental, international non-governmental, and transnational organizations. Several factors shaping the foreign policy behavior of states are considered next. Attention is then shifted to the techniques of foreign policy behavior diplomacy and negotiations, economic aid and sanctions, and the use or threat of use of military force. Finally, overall patterns of conflict and cooperation are studied. (Jacobson)

200. The Goals and Methods of Social Research. One courses in the social sciences. (4). (SS).

This course takes an approach of critical inquiry toward the goals of research in the social and behavioral disciplines, including psychology, political science, history, anthropology, economics, and sociology. What is scholarship in these areas supposed to accomplish? Are these goals really possible to achieve? Are they of value? How can you tell good contributions from bad? The purpose of the course are to help students develop their own critical skills as well as a critical understanding of the kinds of work carried out in the social disciplines. At the same time, the course is designed to provide concentrators in the humanities and natural sciences with a general perspective on the whole range of the social disciplines and to fulfill the needs of potential social science concentrators for information to help them choose their concentration and cognate areas. The goals of social inquiry to be treated will be: explaining particular past behavior, customs, and institutions; developing general laws of human behavior, including the sociobiological and rational-choice approaches; discovering behavioral generalizations that do not have the status of laws; interpreting behavior and institutions; contributing to the formation and acceptance of values; and contributing to the formation of social policy. Many of the readings will be philosophical, critical, or reflective; most, however, will be examples of work in the social disciplines. Lectures will be devoted mainly to explaining the functions of social research and laying out positions that challenge or defend their value. Section meetings will be used primarily to discuss examples of social research from the standpoint of what they accomplish, and how. Course requirements will consist of three short written assignments and a final examination. (Mohr)

250/American Institutions 250. American Institutions and American Political Thought Poli. Sci. 101 or 111 or History 160 and sophomore standing. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 250. (Chamberlin)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.
Focuses on Women.
This is a course in feminist theory and political theory. We will focus on the idea of liberation as our central theme and will consider the utility of liberalism, a political theory emphasizing rights and freedom, for women. Does liberalism limit or assist liberation for women? We will address this question using texts by Wollstonecraft, Mill and Engels as well as readings drawn from sociology, anthropology, psychology and literature. While no particular background is assumed, students will find one or more previous courses in political theory or women's studies helpful. The course will combine discussions and lectures, and students will be evaluated on the basis of papers, written examinations and class participation. (Sanders)

320. Latino Politics and the Latino Community. (4). (Excl).

This course, which focuses on Latinos in the U.S., begins by evaluating whether this diverse group can be identified by a single label. What do terms like "Latino," "Hispanic," or "Spanish" mean for these people and for the rest of the population? Is place of origin a powerful dividing force in American politics? Emphasis will be placed on the three largest groups of Hispanic Americans Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. We will examine the circumstances surrounding each group's immigration to the U.S., the settlement and development of their different communities, their demographic characteristics, and their political preferences and behavior. The most important objective is to determine whether Hispanic political attitudes are determined more by place of origin than by other factors and whether this relationship is more striking than for other groups of Americans. The course will conclude by evaluating the efficacy of Hispanics in American politics and the factors that limit their political effectiveness. Classes will be a combination of lecture and discussion. Students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, a midterm (or optional term paper), and a final examination. (Calvo)

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (SS).

This course is really called the Arab-Israeli conflict. It consists of an analysis of war and peace between the Arab states and Israel as well as between non-state actors and Israel. War and peace will be examined across three levels of analysis: 1. super-power inputs to the region 2. regional rivalries with a special focus on inter-Arab relations 3. domestic constraints. There will be a midterm and final a examination. A simulation will be offered in the course. (Tanter)

361. Current Issues in World Politics. (2). (SS).

This course will examine world politics from a cultural perspective. The impact of values upon the behavior of nations, the cultural causes of war, the cultural foundations of power, and the role of such ideological movements as socialism, nationalism and Zionism are some of the issues to be examined. (Mazrui)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 391 and 392.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

396/Econ. 396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of Eastern Europe. (4). (SS).

See REES 396. (Meyer)

403. Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Political Science 402 or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

We will focus on the major works of political philosophy from the seventeenth century to the end of the nineteenth century. In the process we will be concerned with the theoretical foundations of liberalism (the political philosophy which focuses on individual rights and equality within the political structure), its transformation over three centuries, and the critiques which have been offered of it by such authors as Marx and Nietzsche. We will read only the primary texts. Among the authors who will be discussed are Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, Bentham, Mill, Marx and Nietzsche. This course is a continuation of Political Science 402; although this and/or other courses in political theory would be helpful, they are not required. There will be two exams during the term, as well as a final. (Saxonhouse)

409/CAAS 456. Comparative Black Political Thought. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a comparative analysis of Black political thought with the following themes: Africa and the Black Diaspora; A Vortex of Ideas; Pan-African and Pan-Black Movements; African Thought and the Legacy of Slavery; The Warrior Tradition in Black Political Cultures. Other topics include: Negritude, Nostalgia and Sacred Origins; Religion and Black Political Thought; Language, Literature, and Black Political Thought. Select Black thinkers, chosen from African, Caribbean and Black American writers and ideological leaders will be studied. (Mazrui)

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).
Course Objectives
: 1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of the individual voter and the candidate for office. 2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes (or alleged changes) in public attitudes toward politics. 3) Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior. Course Requirements : Midterm and final examinations, plus a term paper. The paper will involve original computer analysis of national election survey data. NO PRIOR STATISTICAL OR COMPUTER EXPERIENCE IS ASSUMED. (Markus)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the areas of civil liberties and rights as articulated and discussed within the confines of the American constitution. The investigation will cover specific doctrinal areas (such as freedom of speech, equal protection, right to privacy, to name a few) and, more importantly, theoretical concerns arising from the discussion of particular rights and liberties (what are rights? what is the source of those rights? does our political system accommodate these rights? and other such concerns). It should be noted that this is a political science course, not a law course. We will be using the law in the area of civil liberties to further our understanding of the interaction between constitutionalism and politics. Given the nature of this course, a straight lecture format will not be used; rather, extensive, informed participation by members of the class will be expected. (Learned)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the politics of the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative-executive relations; Congress and budget policymaking; parties and coalition-building; congressmen's voting decisions. Throughout the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine the proposals for institutional reform. Requirements: two exams, one paper. (Hall)

419/CAAS 418. Black Americans and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

See Afroamerican and African Studies 418. (Dawson)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (SS).

The course is designed to expose students to the way the news is made and the consequences for the operation of the political system. The central theme will be shifting roles of the media as objective reporter of events and as public agenda setter. Particular emphasis will be devoted to the importance of the media in electoral politics including the effects of the media on the electorate, the use of advertising in political campaigns and changing patterns of media use and exposure. In addition to readings and lectures, guest presentations will be made by leading journalists and political figures. There will be a midterm and a final examination, as well as a term paper involving independent research. (Traugott)

428/Phil. 428/Econ. 428/Asian Studies 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).
China's Evolution Under Communism
is the university's introductory interdisciplinary course on contemporary China. Although it gives credit toward concentrations in philosophy, Asian studies, sociology, and political science, the course also is aimed at undergraduates in the sciences, engineering, business administration, education, and so on. The emergence of China as a major factor in world affairs increasingly affects our country. What are the implications of China's rise, both for the Chinese people and for us? That is the central question of this course. To answer it, we will explore China's historical background, its cultural traditions, the beliefs of its leaders, its economic and political systems, the social conditions of its people, and its foreign policy. Guest lecturers will come from UM's distinguished faculty of China specialists. Grades will be based on an hour exam, book report, and a final exam. (Lieberthal)

437/American Institutions440. Financial Institutions and Economic Change. Amer. Inst. 240; or both Poli. Sci. 111 and Econ. 201. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 440. (Jackson)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with politics in different types of political systems. Particular attention will be devoted to aspects of domestic politics, including patterns of participation and mobilization, democratization, culture, and revolution. The prerequisites are two courses in political science. Grades will be based largely on three short essays. Texts and readings from books and journal articles will be used. (Barnes)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines the ideological, historical, and bureaucratic origins of the contemporary Soviet political system. It will discuss the influence of Marxism-Leninism, the political culture of Tsarist Russia, and the organization of the Soviet government and Communist Party. Students will evaluate competing explanations for Soviet policy in a number of areas, including the economy, agriculture, science and technology, culture, the role of women in society, the question of non-Russian nationalities, and the relationship between public opinion and elite politics. Students should emerge from the course with an appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet system, the sources of continuity and the prospects for change. (Evangelista)

446/Women's Studies 446. Women and Socialism. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will begin with a survey of the relationship between feminist and socialist ideologies, movements, and leaders. We will then examine how women's concerns have been met (or not met) in the socialist systems of the USSR, Eastern Europe, China, Cuba, Vietnam and Korea. Stress will be laid not only on acquiring new information but also on sharpening students' judgment concerning the crucial questions to be asked of the material; for this purpose, the initial discussion of different ideological positions provides an essential framework; and at the end of the course we will return to it. Lectures at the beginning, as much discussion as the class size permits later in the course. Several short papers and one lengthier term paper. (Meyer)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Poli. Sci. or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to introduce students to politics and political change in the Arab Middle East and North Africa. Its approach is comparative, and its primary concern is with understanding and explaining domestic politics in the Arab states of the region. The first part of the course focuses on the historical evolution of regimes in the inter-and postwar eras; the second part of the course is devoted to understanding the processes and structures that account for that evolution. (Crystal)

457. Governments and Politics of India and South Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The main focus of the course will be on India, but selected developments in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka will be analyzed in a comparative perspective. Similarly the main emphasis will be on internal political developments and not on international relations. TOPICS: Historical antecedents with reference to ancient Hindu, Muslim and the British colonial impacts; The roots and consequences of the partition; the legacy of Gandhi; Institutional framework (government, legislature, judiciary, party system and elections); Politics and social structure (caste, language and religion); Politics of Development (planning process, federal politics, political decentralization and local government, politics of redistribution, role of bureaucracy in development); Grass-root peoples' movements and their role in democracy, development and social justice; Political culture; International environment. EVALUATION: a midterm assignment and a final term-end exam. (40-60 weightage) TEXT: Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr. India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation. Third Edition. (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1980) A couple of other books may be announced later. METHOD: Mainly lecture, a few case discussions, and political films from India, if available. (Maru)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (4). (SS).

This course is a survey of the political economy of Africa. We pay special attention to state-economy relations in Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Tanzania and Zambia, but we cover other issues and countries as well. (Wilson)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

"It is a trade war" said the President of General Motors in reference to Japanese-United States auto industry relations in the early 1980's. No shorter assessment could be as precise in evaluating United States-Japan relations at that time. This appraisal was accurate in describing the interaction of politics and economics in world affairs as well. That such interaction existed was clearly demonstrated when interviewers in a survey indicated among the major causes of the United States' rate of inflation the OPEC foreign economic policies and the multi-national corporations external behavior. The role of economic matters in international political relations and the effects of politics on trade relations deserve special attention in order to maintain touch with reality. It is necessary to bridge the gap between economics and politics by exploring the interface between economics and politics in the international system. The course will examine two aspects of that interface; the way in which international politics shape international economics and the way international economics shape world politics. Specifically, the course will: 1) enable the students to understand basic economic concepts such as the value of the dollar, trade deficits, international money markets, custom unions and imposing import quotas. 2) give the student the ability to apply these economic concepts to political processes and developments. 3) increase the student's sensitivity to world politics. The student will learn to critically read newspapers in order to keep up with the international news. The student will understand that the world beyond the boundaries of the United States is his own world and not another planet. 4) increase the student's awareness of the complexity of the international environment caused by the overlapping of economic and political dimensions. (Ullmann)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Political Science 472 focuses on the development of American national security policy since the end of the Second World War. The topics to be examined include the evolution of nuclear strategy, doctrine, and forces; strategic arms control; limited war and the role of conventional forces in the nuclear era; and defense management and the defense reform movement. Course grades will be based on a term paper, midterm, and final. (Powell)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (4). (SS).

This course examines the interplay of the Great Powers in East and Southeast Asia China, Japan, Russia, Britain, and the United States from the 1840's to the present. The course is rooted in the assumption that contemporary international relations can only be understood through a sound knowledge of history. We will examine how the Great Powers repeatedly have competed for influence in Tibet, Sinkiang, Mongolia, Manchuria, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. We will trace the complicated linkages between shifts in the balance of power in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East and developments in East and Southeast Asia. We will trace continuities and changes in the nature of interstate relations in the region over the past 150 years. Our approach will be chronological. This is a demanding course aimed at the serious and mature student of world affairs. The required readings are considerable. Grades will be based on a final exam, and a research paper. (Robinson)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on contemporary political parties in the United States. We will examine the operation and structure of parties as political institutions as well as the impact that parties have on public opinion, the selection of candidates, elections, and public policy. We will evaluate the role that parties play in a democracy and we will assess the strengths and weaknesses of the American party system. Throughout the course, we will debate the merits of various proposals for reforming political parties. Class sessions will be a mixture of lecture and discussion. There will be a midterm and final exam. Students who wish to participate in a class project will also be evaluated on the basis of their project report. Although there are no prerequisites for taking this course, it is assumed that students will have a basic understanding of American politics. (Rosenstone)

490. Political Socialization. One course in political science. (4). (SS).

Course focuses on the influence of early learning, the family, peer groups, school, work place, military service and other adult organizations on the political attitudes and behavior of the mass public and political elites. We examine selected learning models as a means of organizing and understanding the literature and its relevance to adult political behavior. Method of instruction is lecture and discussion. Student evaluation is based on midterm and final exams and optional term paper. (Langton)

492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course.

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Several of Plato's dialogues will form the basis of this course. Attention will be paid to the relationship between the dramatic form and the content with a particular focus on the relationship between politics, philosophy and poetry. The dialogues studied will probably include the Laches, the Republic, the Symposium, and the Protagoras. Some background in political theory will be helpful. Requirements will include three brief papers, brief presentations in class and a term paper. (Saxonhouse)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Economic Democracy.
This seminar on "Economic Democracy" examines the theory and practice of self-management (SM) of the work organization. Who advocates SM and why ("cooling out," self-actualization and humanization of work, democratic politics, humane socialism?)? Where has SM been tried (USA, Europe, Israel, Chile, Peru, Yugoslavia etc.)? What are the effect of SM programs on production, labor conflict, personal development, democratic and political participation, and the structure and culture of the larger society? What has been the influence of external institutions on the success or failure of SM enterprises (state, political parties, market, military, prior socialization in family and school, unions etc.). The method of instruction is seminar discussion. Student evaluation will be based on seminar discussion and paper. (Langton)

Section 002 The Political Economy of Urban America. This seminar will explore in some detail the interaction between political structures, institutions, actors and processes and their economic counterparts. This course will focus on the "urban crisis" and its fiscal, social, and political causes and implications. In examining this year's theme, students will study "who governs," urban bureaucracy, redistributive politics, public/private partnerships, and the politics of race. This seminar requires extensive reading. Students will have the option of writing either several short papers or a research paper. All students will also write a take-home final. As in any seminar, students will be expected to participate extensively in class discussion and will present a small number of presentations to the entire class. Previous preparation in political science will prove useful in this course. (Dawson)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001.
This seminar focuses on political change in the advanced industrial society in Western Europe, the United States and Japan. We will analyze the impact of economic and technological development on politics and society, examining the emergence of new norms and values at the individual level, and of new social movements and patterns of political cleavage at the structural level. The course does not assume any previous experience with computers; but each participant will carry out and interpret a series of simple computer analyses of survey data and of aggregate national level data, designed to illuminate some of the basic processes that are going on in these societies. Grading will be based on classroom participation, and on two essays that will build on the computer analyses in connection with assigned readings (which will consist of books and articles dealing with political and social change). (Inglehart)

Section 002. This seminar involves intensive study of the theory, development and implementation of Soviet policy towards more than 100 nationalities in the USSR. Among the subjects dealt with are linguistic policy, ethnicity in the Soviet military, personnel policy, ethnicity and religion, political consequences of demographic change and ethnic factors in Soviet foreign policy. Extensive reading, class discussions, an oral presentation and a substantial research paper are required. Students should have some background in either Soviet politics, or the analysis of multi-ethnic societies. (Gitelman)

Section 003 Religion and Politics in Latin America. The seminar will consider the changing role of religion and of the Catholic church in Latin American politics. Topics covered include: liberation rheology, base communities, as well as contemporary and historical sources of conflict and change. The requirements include a weekly short paper, oral reports, active class participation, a substantial term paper or a take-home final. (Levine)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 War in World Politics.
We will begin with an examination of several of the more interesting models that seek to explain why there are so many militarized disputes in international politics, yet so few wars. After that, we will turn to the scholarly research literature in order to evaluate these models. Students will write abstracts of a few journal articles as well as prepare a research design; final exam optional. Text, etc. to be decided. (Singer)

Section 002 The Use of Force in International Relations. This course will introduce students to some of the principal theoretical approaches and results of empirical research on the causes of international conflict and war. Throughout the course particular attention will be given to the post-WWII experience of the US. Recommended backgrounds for students include courses in European and US diplomatic history and introductory political science courses in international relations. The course will be structured as a combination of lecture and student discussion with emphasis on the latter. Student evaluation will be based on three short papers (5-6 pages each) and participation in class discussion. (Huth)

Section 003 Multinational Corporations in World Politics. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the problems and prospects of a global economy functioning in the absence of a truly global political order. In particular, we shall focus upon the scope and content of the multinational firm's behavior in such an environment and examine the patterns of interactions between national governments and international firms. The potential for conflict between governments and firms will be examined in a variety of contexts: e.g., in cases where the activities of foreign firms inflame national sentiments, where foreign firms act as agents of their home governments, and where firms, in their normal competitive behavior, act contrary to the interests of host governments. The constructive roles that multinational firms play in the international economic system will also be explored, and some attention will be paid to the way in which governments are constrained in their policies towards firms because of the lack of alternative ways of fulfilling their goals. (Ullmann)

586/IPPS 586. Organizational Design. Pol. Sci. 585 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will focus on daily life in bureaucratic organizations. To set the stage, we will first look at what a bureaucracy is. We will compare it with markets as ways of organizing work. We will then look at several features of life in a bureaucratic organization. Among the features will be authority, goals, routines, communication and learning. The main objectives of the course will be to allow the student to view life in a bureaucratic organization and to provide the student with some ways of understanding what they see. (Feldman)

592. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). With approval, may be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 591 and 592.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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