Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

The course intends to be an introduction to Roman civilization as seen through the archaeology and art. Much of the course will be devoted to the city of Rome, its major monuments and works of art, but there will also be coverage of the minor arts such as mosaics, wall paintings, and other artifacts recovered from excavations which shed light on Roman social history. There are no prerequisites for the course. The format is three lectures and one discussion section per week. The times of the discussion sections will be announced on the first day of class, and students may choose the section which suits their schedule. The grade is based upon discussion and quizzes in sections, and on the midterm and final exams. The assigned readings for the discussion sections each week will be taken from: F. Sear, ROMAN ARCHITECTURE (Cornell Paperback), M. Henig, A HANDBOOK OF ROMAN ART, and J. Stevenson, THE CATACOMBS. All these three books are available only at Ulrich's. (Humphrey)

424/Hist. of Art 424. Archaeology of the Roman Provinces. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course will summarize and examine some of the most recent archaeological work which contributes to our knowledge of Roman economic and social history. The approach will not be chronological or geographical; instead, it will take major themes which serve to illustrate new methodologies and new approaches to various aspects of Roman provincial archaeology. The major themes are: (1) methods of studying sites (e.g., field survey, aerial photography, geophysical applications, rescue archaeology, underwater archaeology, full-scale excavation); (2) metals, technology and trade (e.g., mining, marble quarrying and trade, aqueducts, manufactured metal products, pottery manufacture and trade); (3) cemeteries and skeletal remains (e.g., demographics, scientific applications to skeletal remains, skeletons in art); (4) the environment (animal bones, paleobotanical remains, gardens); and (5) special subjects (baths, writing tablets, epigraphy, architectural reconstructions, the relationship between workshop and customer). Finally, two model publications (one urban, one rural) will be examined. There will be two midterms (each 50 minutes) and one final exam. It is recommended that students already have taken a course in Roman archaeology and/or Roman history before signing up. (Humphrey)

439/Hist. of Art 439. Greek Vase Painting. (3). (HU).

This course surveys the art of Greek vase painting from about 1000 B.C. to about 300 B.C., but it stresses trends in the city of Athens in the Orientalizing, Archaic, and Classical periods. An important aspect of the course will involve exploration of methods for understanding issues of patronage and the interactions between patronage mandates and the creative role of the artist in the formulation of representational programs. The class will routinely use the collections of the Kelsey Museum. We will also visit a ceramist's studio and take a trip to the Toledo Museum of Art. Grades will be based on three short papers (undergraduates) or one major research paper and oral presentation (graduates) as well as attendance and participation in discussions. Available for purchase: J. Boardman, ATHENIAN BLACK-FIGURED POTTERY and ATHENIAN RED-FIGURED POTTERY (paperback). Extensive course reserve. (Root)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Greek 101 will be directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Greek and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Greek grammar. The text for the course is Seligson, GREEK FOR READING (preliminary edition). Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final. (Seligson)

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already taken Greek 101 in the Fall Term. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 101 or 103. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading Attic prose selections. (Porter)

103. Intensive Elementary Greek. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, or 310. (6). (FL).

In order to provide a more flexible program for students who wish to study ancient Greek but who have been unable to begin the regular course sequence in the Fall Term, the Department of Classical Studies offers a Winter Term intensive course in beginning Classical Greek. This course is designed to cover all of Greek grammar and the rudiments of reading. Students proceed from this course into a second term of intensive Greek, 300, offered in the Fall Term following 103; and from 300 they advance directly (skipping 301) to 302 (fourth term Greek, Homer) in the following Winter Term. In view of the large amount of material to be covered, the course will meet for six hours in the week. (A. Edwards)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric grammar and vocabulary. The class will translate and discuss readings from the ODYSSEY. Midterms, paper, and final exam. (A. Edwards)

Intermediate Courses

402. Greek Drama. Greek 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

This course serves to introduce the student to both the form and content of Greek tragedy through a close reading of two plays of Euripides (ALCESTIS and HIPPOLYTUS). In addition to detailed analysis of the plays' literary qualities, attention will be paid to social, historical, and religious aspects. Supplemental readings will contribute to the student's knowledge of ancient Greek theater production as well. Translation examinations and a short paper are required. (Scodel)

Advanced Courses

497. Senior Greek Seminar. Honors student or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

ASPECTS OF NARRATIVE IN ANCIENT LITERATURE. This seminar course, which may be elected as Greek 497 or Latin 497, is designed primarily for concentrators in Greek, Latin, and Classical Studies who have reached, or are about to reach, the 400 level in their reading of Greek, Latin, or both. Undergraduates of any standing who have the necessary reading experience, but who have not yet declared a concentration, are also welcome: they should come to see the instructor (2010 Angell) before enrolling. Please note that the second scheduled hour on the Tuesday is for independent study and is therefore flexible: students with a clash at that time should not regard it as an obstacle to taking the course. The texts to be read and discussed will fall into two broad categories: different versions of a single story; and stories within stories. Why do ancient writers often retell old stories instead of inventing new ones? Why do so many stories contain characters who themselves tell stories? Greek works sampled will include Homer's ODYSSEY, Herodotus' HISTORIES, and Theocritus' IDYLLS. Latin works will include Virgil's GEORGICS, Livy's HISTORY, and, above all, Ovid's METAMORPHOSES. Students will be required to do some of the reading in the classical language of their election, but the larger amount will be done in English translation. The stress will be on in-class discussion, on the development of literary critical skills and literary historical perspectives, and on the use of secondary sources. Class presentation, research paper, final exam; no midterm. (Hinds)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 194, 222, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2016 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or contact Professor Knudsvig in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (Excl).

This is a continuation of Latin 193, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the (Fall) term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Cicero). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include the entire Fourth Book (the Dido book) of Vergil's AENEID. Students need not have taken the first term, Latin 193, to enroll in Latin 194. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. Book IV of the AENEID has been chosen as the main text because of its inherent importance and interest as well as for its subsequent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such not simply as an exercise in translation. The course, though designed primarily to serve the needs of graduate students as Latin 503, is open to undergraduates as Latin 194. (001 Rosenmeyer; 002 Ross)

222. Vergil, Selections from the Aeneid. Latin 221 or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 232, or 503. (4). (FL).

Latin 222, a fourth term university-level Latin reading course, is designed specifically for students who have completed Latin 221 in the Fall Term, or who have been assigned into the course by a Department of Classical Studies placement examination. Successful completion of Latin 222 meets the LSA foreign language requirement. In this course students read selected passages from the first six books of Vergil's AENEID, his great epic poem on the founding of Rome. Emphasis is placed on the artistic design of the poem and on Vergil's cultural influence, but drill on Latin structure and translation is continued. Grading is based upon class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

Section 001. This class will ask you to bring together and apply all the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the pleasurable reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I-VI, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. Books II (the fall of Troy) and IV (the Dido book) will occupy most of our attention. We will review grammar as necessary. We will also study Vergil's epic in English translation. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the AENEID is all about and an ability to confront any Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. (Wallin)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232, or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (first century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or the equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of several of Cicero's speeches and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be several hour exams and a final. (Knudsvig)

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

We will read Tacitus' AGRICOLA (the biography of his father-in-law) and the first book of the ANNALS (dealing with the beginning of Tiberius' reign); more of the ANNALS will be read in English, to give a complete picture of the historian's work. The course will have two purposes: to introduce the student to Tacitus' style, and in so doing to strengthen ability to read Latin prose; and to understand the great historian's view of empire, the nature of political tyranny, and the political problem. Progress will be evaluated by class performance (translation, discussion), by midterm and final exams, and possibly by a short paper. (Ross)

410. Poetry of the Republic or Later Empire. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

ROMAN COMEDY. For Winter Term 1988, we will read and discuss Plautus' AMPHITRUO, CURCULIO, MENAECHMI, and perhaps, time permitting, the CAPTIVI. (Cameron)

Advanced Courses

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Junior standing in Latin and permission of instructor. I: (3); III b: (2). (Excl).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of descriptive linguistics that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor. I and II: (3); III b: (2). (Excl).

In the Winter Term, 1988, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

453. Sallust. (3). (HU).

This course will examine the surviving historical works of Sallust. Emphasis will be on Sallust's use of language, his moral and political thought, and his abilities as an historian. There will be one hour exam and several short papers. (Frier)

497. Senior Latin Seminar. Honors students or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

ASPECTS OF NARRATIVE IN ANCIENT LITERATURE. See Greek 497. (Hinds)

500. Special Reading Course in Latin. (4). (HU).

This course is designed primarily to meet the needs of beginning graduate students who must perfect their ability to read Latin at sight, and is therefore not recommended for undergraduates. Readings will be based on major prose authors; class work will consist of sight translation and grammatical review. (Hinds)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the civilization of Ancient Rome from the beginning through Early Christianity (Fourth Century A.D.) and is being offered by the Department of Classical Studies for students throughout LSA without knowledge of Greek or Latin. The course will also be of interest to students currently enrolled in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their learning by study of the many aspects of Roman civilization, of which the Latin language is the chief cultural expression. Three lectures and one discussion each week. Lectures will focus on the literature, history, philosophy, religion, law, archaeology, art, technology, science, mythology, economics, political life, and private life of the Romans. Readings in ancient primary sources (translated) and in modern works will be assigned. The course helps students fulfill their humanities distribution requirement. Three 5-7 page papers, a midterm, and a final exam. Professor Potter is the course coordinator and principal lecturer; lectures will also be given by other professors in the Department of Classical Studies. (Potter)

303. Early Sources for English Literature. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to provide the essential background in Greek and Latin literature for English Department concentrators and students in other departments interested in Western literature. It will also introduce students to the techniques of close reading applied to literary texts within a single tradition, in which much of the meaning and effect of later texts is derived from their variation on and criticism of earlier ones. The course will examine a number of Classical genres important for English literature in the 17th and 18th centuries: epic, mock-epic, satire, epistle, epigram, pastoral, lyric, tragedy, comedy, narrative prose, and literary criticism. Major themes running through the course include poetic inspiration, imitation, and allusion. Sections will involve close discussions of English works in comparison with their classical models. Two lectures and one recitation section per week: the requirements are two 5-8 page papers and a final exam; for Junior-Senior ECB students, five 5-8 page papers and a final exam. (Rosenmeyer)

462. Greek Mythology. (4). (HU).

Greek Mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths and their Near Eastern prototypes through the Trojan War and the wanderings of Ulysses. The development of the various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. The use and treatment of Greek myths in English literature, modern psychoanalytical theory, and comparative anthropology will also be discussed. Required texts will include Homer's ODYSSEY, Hesiod's THEOGONY, the Homeric Hymns, and a course pack including several Greek tragedies and readings which illustrate the variety of theoretical approaches to mythology. The readings will analyzed in discussion sections which meet once per week. Student mastery of the material will be tested in two midterms and a final examination. All exams will be objective and/or short answer. (Cole)

473. Roman Decadence. (3). (HU).

This course surveys and analyzes the phenomenon of decadence in the Roman world from the beginnings of the Roman Empire to the fourth century. Works read (in English translations) include Vergil's AENEID; Ovid; Petronius; Seneca; Juvenal; Apuleius; Augustine; and others. Areas of concern include literature, society, religion and philosophy as they undergo crisis and conflict in an age of anxiety. Hour examination, final examination. Lectures and discussions. (Witke)


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