Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

This introductory course seeks to explore a variety of ways in which people have portrayed political reality and defined political ideals. The material will be presented in historical sequence, with newly emerging ideas seen as responses both to newly arisen circumstances and to previous ideas. The course aims to stimulate critical thinking about politics more than to increase factual knowledge. Students' progress will be measured by written essays testing their ability to integrate material presented in lectures, discussion sections and reading. The course can be used as one of the two prerequisites for Political Science concentrators. (Meyer)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress, and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kind of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to give students an understanding of how several major political systems work and to familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics in these and other countries. Each of the countries selected will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence the emergence of democracy, or led to communist or fascist regimes; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the analysis of contemporary political conflicts and the future of advanced industrial societies. The course will offer two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of conversation. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to the basic approaches to the study of international politics. Material on the theories underlying these approaches is grounded in case studies of events from World War I to the present. The object is twofold: to familiarize students with the ways in which analysts have tried to understand international politics; and to equip students with both substantive knowledge of, and a grasp of the underlying theoretical issues concerning contemporary international problems. Students will be evaluated on the basis of both examinations and several writing assignments. All students are expected to attend discussion sections as well as the regular lectures for the course. (Lieberthal)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.

Major revolutions and social movements of the 20th century will be examined in order to better understand the links between struggles carried on in the past. In addition to simply learning the political history of revolutions, we will examine the theories behind them in order to better understand the evolution of revolutionary thought. Particular attention will be paid to the Russian, Chinese, Cuban, Vietnamese, and Nicaraguan Revolutions and the Civil Rights, Student/New Left, Peace, Black, Environmental and Women's movements in the U.S. Grading will be based upon journals kept by the students which cover assigned and optional readings. The format is designed to give students an opportunity to emphasize topics and readings which they find particularly interesting and to integrate course material with students' personal experiences. Class lectures will be combined with speakers, movies, and discussions. Recommended background: a sincere interest in social movements. (Bayard-de-volo)

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (SS).

This course is really called the Arab-Israeli conflict. It consists of an analysis of war and peace between the Arab states and Israel as well as between non-state actors and Israel. War and peace will be examined across three levels of analysis: 1. super-power inputs to the region 2. regional rivalries with a special focus on inter-Arab relations 3. domestic constraints. There will be a midterm and final a examination. A simulation will be offered in the course. (Tanter)

361. Current Issues in World Politics. (2). (SS).

This course will address current issues of world politics mainly from a cultural perspective. Many of the great political, economic, and military debates have tended to overlook the cultural foundations of international behavior. This course seeks to redress the balance. The impact of values upon the behavior of nations, the cultural causes of war, the cultural foundations of power, and the role of such ideological movements as socialism, nationalism and Zionism are some of the issues to be examined. (Mazrui)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

396/Econ. 396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of Eastern Europe. (4). (SS).

See REES 396. (Meyer)

401(403). Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing and two courses in political science. (4). (Excl).

This course continues the survey of major works in the tradition of political philosophy begun in P.S. 400 (although P.S. 400 is NOT a prerequisite for this course). It begins with Thomas Hobbes' LEVIATHAN and continues by exploring the issues raised by the most important and influential works by authors such as Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, and Mill. It ends with an examination of some influential arguments made by contemporary American political theorists such as Friedman and Rawls. (Yack)

404. Foundations of Modern Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 400 or 401. (4). (SS).

An exploration of some puzzles surrounding democracy. Just what is democracy? What might one say to justify it? or criticize it? Who should vote, and why? How can we justify judicial review? What conception of equality are democrats committed to? Is capitalism or socialism more democratic? And so on. P.S. 101, 402, or 403 is recommended. Readings include Rousseau, Tocqueville, Mill, Vonnegut, Supreme Court opinions, and more. Class will feature discussion with some lecturing. Grades will be based on papers and participation. (Herzog)

405(488). Political Philosophy of the Enlightenment. Pol. Sci. 101 or 403. (4). (SS).

Principles of statistical inference, including: probability, experimental and theoretical derivation of sampling distributions, hypothesis testing, estimation, and simple regression.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: 1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of the individual voter and the candidate for office. 2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes (or alleged changes) in public attitudes toward politics. 3) Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: Midterm and final examinations, plus a term paper. The paper will involve original computer analysis of national election survey data. NO PRIOR STATISTICAL OR COMPUTER EXPERIENCE IS ASSUMED. (Markus)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Drawing loosely upon literature from political science, social psychology, law and sociology, we will attempt to paint a generalized and empathic portrait of criminal justice as it is conceptualized and practiced. Along the way, we'll be discussing the uneasy role of criminal justice in a purportedly democratic society, as well as the different environments, attitudes and behaviors of the important actors in criminal justice (including, for example, criminals, the police, prosecutors, defense attorneys, judges, jurors, prisoners and prison administration). Most discussions and materials will focus upon the United States, though comparisons to other political systems will be made where appropriate or possible. At present, a course paper (not just a research paper, but rather a research design), two or three midterm examinations and a comprehensive final examination are contemplated as the means by which grades will be determined. (Warr)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course in the theory, practice, and politics of rights. The emphasis is on understanding the difference between arguments from and about rights and arguments about political policy and political morality in general. The first half of the course will deal with the historical and philosophical foundations of the idea of rights, with readings from Locke, Mill, Bentham, Rawls, Dworkin, and others. Having established the structure of a rights-based argument, the second half of the course will examine such arguments in the context of American constitutional law, international protection of human rights, public political discourse about issues such as abortion, race and gender discrimination, and freedom of the press, and executive and legislative decisionmaking in the same areas. The emphasis will be on understanding the concept of rights with a considerable degree of analytical rigor. Classes will be lectures, with some opportunity for discussion. Students are evaluated on the basis of a midterm examination, a final examination, and one short paper. (Schauer)

421. American State Government. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will explore state, local, and regional politics, as well as intergovernmental relations across all levels of American government. It will provide historical overviews of each of these areas, apply a variety of political science perspectives to them, and consider some of the most pressing current questions in subnational politics. It will also include a comparative focus, examining the differences in politics and policymaking between federal and non-federal systems, and will place special emphasis on health care and environmental policy. This course will be intended for undergraduates with some prior coursework in political science and American government. It will encourage students to conduct research in subnational politics, culminating in a research paper. In addition, students will complete an essay-style examination, as well as one or two brief papers focused on discussion-related topics. Readings will include selections from the traditional political science literature on state and local politics and intergovernmental relations, but will also include a variety of areas not commonly associated with or applied to subnational politics, including regulatory theory and game theory. (Rabe)

428/Phil. 428/Econ. 428/Asian Studies 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is intended for students who seek an introduction to contemporary China. There are no prior course requirements for the course, and the lectures and readings avoid jargon or esoteric concepts. This is a classic interdisciplinary area studies course. The immediate purpose is simple: to convey a primary understanding of the Chinese communist revolution, China's recent political history, its emergence into the world scene in the past few years, and its current social, cultural, political, and economic conditions. The larger purpose is to awaken a life-long interest among students in following developments in China, in recognition that the rise of this nation is one of the major developments of our lifetime. Mr. Oksenberg will deliver approximately half the lectures, and the remaining lectures will be given by professors from the UM's leading Center for Chinese Studies. Requirements are an hour exam, a short research paper, and either a written or oral final examination. (Oksenberg)

429. Seminar in Urban Analysis. Two courses in political science (urban) or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for credit twice.

Presidential elections capture the imagination of the American public and stimulate more people to engage in political activity than any other form of national, state or local election. To understand more about this process, students in the first part of this course conducted a survey of voters in the Ypsilanti-Ann Arbor area. In the second part of the course students will use the data gathered as the basis for a research paper on some aspect of political participation. (Walker)

438 /Am. Inst. 450. Ethics and Public Policy. (4). (SS).

This course seeks to develop students ability to think and argue about ethical issues that arise in the policy world. It begins with a discussion of some different ethical theories (utilitarianism, rights, John Rawls theory of justice, Carol Gilligan's work on an ethics of care). The later part of the course will take up a variety of public policy issues (Medicaid funded abortions, paternalism, a variety of issues related to equal treatment). Methods of instruction include lecture and discussion (with the balance being affected by class size). Papers and contributions to discussions will be the primary means of evaluation. Texts include: Fred Feldman: INTRODUCTORY ETHICS; Carol Gilligan: IN A DIFFERENT VOICE; John Rawls: A THEORY OF JUSTICE; Douglas Rae, et. al.: EQUALITIES; and a course pack. (Chamberlin)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (4). (SS).

An introduction to the study of social and political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. The class combines attention to major issues and trends with in-depth analysis of selected cases. Among the issues and cases to be considered in Winter 1986 are the following: the changing role of the Catholic Church, the expansion of the state, patterns of economic transformation and their political implications, formation and mobilization of peasantries, international influences on domestic politics. Detailed attention will be paid to cases such as Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Chili, Peru, Brazil, Columbia. Class format combines lecture with discussion. There will be a midterm examination and a final examination. (Levine)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture, and each student will be required to make reports. (Organski)

454. Governments and Politics of Southeast Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is an introductory course concerned with the ten nations of Southeast Asia. Major points of interest will be the political culture, religions, militaries, and economics of these countries. The subject matter of this course will be almost exclusively domestic policies, with little coverage of the international relations of the region. Grading will be based on short papers, a final exam, and in-class discussions. (Hawes)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Requirements include midterm and final examination and a short writing assignment. Readings are drawn from a variety of books and recent articles. (Campbell)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This course explores the sources of differences in foreign policy processes and outcomes between and within states. One school of thought holds that differences in the characteristics of the countries in question (large versus small, democratic versus authoritarian, industrialized versus developing, etc.) leads to differences in their foreign policies. Another argues that the important differences are not so much between countries as between "issue-areas," for example, military policy versus trade policy. In this course, students will evaluate the competing explanations by looking at a number of aspects of foreign policy including diplomacy, strategy, economic policy in several areas and historical cases: the World Wars, the Cold War, arms control and the arms race, North-South political and economic relations, foreign economic policies of advanced industrial states, and economic relations in Eastern Europe. (Evangelista)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course concerns U.S.-Soviet relations and conflicts in which the U.S. has been a party in the Third World. A field trip to Washington, D.C. may be planned with visits to the White House, State Department and the Department of Defense. A simulation of American foreign policy will be conducted using computer terminals for interacting among participants. (Tanter)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course introduces students to the key issues in U.S. security policy. Topics in nuclear weapons policy include deterrence theory, including questions of limited nuclear war and extended deterrence; the evolution of U.S. strategic nuclear doctrine and forces; Soviet strategic doctrine and forces; the effects of nuclear weapons; debates over U.S. nuclear force posture and doctrine, including counterforce weapons (MX), strategic defenses (SDI), arms control, and no-first-use. In addition, we will examine the role of conventional forces in maintaining U.S. security. Topics include NATO conventional force requirements and the debate over the Navy's maritime strategy. (Glaser)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (4). (SS).

This course examines the interplay of the Great Powers in East and Southeast Asia China, Japan, Russia, Britain, and the United States from the 1840's to the present. The course is rooted in the assumption that contemporary international relations can only be understood through a sound knowledge of history. We will examine how the Great Powers repeatedly have competed for influence in Tibet, Mongolia, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. We will trace the complicated linkages between shifts in the balance of power in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East and developments in East and Southeast Asia. We will trace continuities and changes in the nature of interstate relations in the region over the past 150 years. Our approach will be chronological. This is a demanding course aimed at the serious and mature student of world affairs. The required readings are considerable. Grades will be based on a final exam and a research paper. (Sullivan)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is about the influence "the people" have on the decisions and actions taken by those in official governmental positions. Several channels for that influence will be considered: how aggregate public opinion is (or is not) relevant as a device for swaying governmental action; how far people's involvement in different modes of political participation can be considered effective; how political organizations, including interest groups, are created and maintained, and how they typically wield "influence." A background of at least one course in American politics is strongly recommended. (Mebane)

490. Political Socialization. One course in political science. (4). (SS).

Course focuses on the influence of early learning, the family, peer groups, school, work place, military service and other adult organizations on the political attitudes and behavior of the mass public and political elites. We examine selected learning models as a means of organizing and understanding the literature and its relevance to adult political behavior. Method of instruction is lecture and discussion. Student evaluation is based on midterm and final exams and optional term paper. (Langton)

492. Directed Studies. Two courses in Political Science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT)Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of 8 credits. No more than 4 hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 THE PROBLEM OF THE COLOR LINE IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN POLITICS. This course critically examines scholarship on Black-white politics in the United States, with attention paid primarily to the contemporary period. Because race relations do not, the course will not honor disciplinary boundaries: as appropriate, we will dip into historical, sociological, psychological as well as political studies of racial politics. Using race as a special lens, we will take a look at, and evaluate, the operation of the American political system. The course will be run as a seminar, with students expected to contribute regularly to class discussions. Grades will be based on class participation and a series of short papers. (Kinder)

Section 002 CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION. The course will examine alternative means by which we conceptualize and attempt to protect those "civil liberties" which are contained in the United States Constitution. We will focus most particularly upon liberties of political and personal expression, personal autonomy or dignity, and equal protection under the laws. Students will assume principal responsibility for reading, summarizing and critiquing prevailing views on these issues, both before their colleagues in classroom discussion, and in a major term paper. Grades will be based upon performance in classroom discussions for which students are responsible, the term paper and an essay style final examination which will designed to test students' analytical skills as well as their organizational skills. (Warr)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 DECISION-MAKING AND POLICY CHANGE. An explanation of why in process terms governments do what they do. We will draw on writings from the case-study tradition in political science and from organization theory to reach a conceptual understanding of how policy change occurs: creating new programs, abolishing or cutting back old ones, major shifts of direction. Students will research a specific case of policy change and interpret it in the light of one or more models. This seminar is suitable for those interested in the decision -making process in almost any setting: foreign governments or the U.S. domestic or foreign policy, even non-governmental organizations. Please consult with the instructor if you have any questions (call 662-5076, evenings). (Campbell)

Section 002. Comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from its origin in 1921 to its near extinction in the Cultural Revolution (1966-69). Major topics will include: the ideology of the CCP's experience in urban organization and insurrection, 1921-27; the rise of Mao Zedong and the 'ruralization' of the CCP in the Jiangxi Soviet and the Resistance War against Japan; the growth of the CCP's bureaucratic apparatus from the 1940's to the 1960's; the structure of power and authority in the CCP under Mao Zedong; and the ideological and political origins of the Cultural Revolution. Political Science 455 and/or 428 highly recommended as prerequisites. Chinese language reading capacity helpful but not required. Class sessions to be held on a seminar format with major student work consisting of short papers and one substantial research project. (Sullivan, Visiting Associate Professor of Political Science)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001.
The seminar will review selected approaches and ideas in the study of large scale transformations of national states which we have come to call national development. The emphasis of this seminar will be on the growth of the political system and the mobilization of human and material resources through political networks. The seminar meetings will be taken up by discussions and reports by students on assigned readings. (Organski)

Section 002 UNCONVENTIONAL FOREIGN POLICIES. This seminar is for advanced upper class concentrators in the social sciences, and aims to prepare the student to read, evaluate, and design systematic research in the world politics problem area specified for each term. The focus this term will be on unconventional, illegal, and covert foreign policies, largely in the U.S. context. Prerequisites: introductory course in world politics and at least two upper-level social science courses; modest competence in statistics is desirable, but not essential. Students will prepare a few brief memos, one longer paper, and a final exam. (Singer)

Section 003. This is a senior seminar with limited enrollment. Broadly stated the subject matter will be the political economy of international relations between the industrialized and Third Worlds. Specific topics covered will include the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, international trade and investment, the role of multinational corporations and the prospects for "development" in a harsh international environment. This course will be administered as a seminar and grades will be based on extensive reading assignments, required participation in classroom discussions, and a major research paper. Students with interdisciplinary interests in economics and politics or those with experience in the Third World are especially encouraged to apply. (Hawes)

586/IPPS 586. Organizational Design. Pol. Sci. 585 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Section 002. This course will focus on daily life in bureaucratic organizations. To set the stage, we will first look at what a bureaucracy is. We will compare it with the markets as ways of organizing work. We will then look at several features of life in a bureaucratic organization. Among the features will be authority, goals, routines, communication and learning. The main objectives of the course will be to allow the student to view life in a bureaucratic organization and to provide the student with some ways of understanding what they see. (Feldman)

592. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in P.S. at the 400-level or above and concentration in P.S.; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration program in P.S. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL).All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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