General Near East (Division 439)

260. Ancient Egypt and its World. (3). (Excl).

The general freshman and sophomore introduction through the culture of the ancient Egyptians. Special attention will be given to Egyptian religion, modes of thought, basic institutions, and Egypt's contributions to modern civilization. Hieroglyphic writing will also be taught. (Krahmalkov)

398. Undergraduate Reading Course. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course is an independent study reading course which must be supervised by a Near Eastern Studies faculty member. It is normally taken by a student who would like to study some aspect of a subject within a course already taken in further detail. Arrangements for the course are made directly with the faculty member.

423/Geog. 423. Geography of the Near East. (3). (Excl).

See Geography 423. (Kolars)

440/Rel. 444. The Early Jesus Movement: New Religion or Migration Within Judaism? (1). (Excl).Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

This course is being taught by Dieter Georgi from the University of Frankfurt, Germany, and is part of our Visiting Professor of Religious Thought series. The focus will be on the leading issues generated by the Jesus movement in first century Judaism. The intention is to show that this movement not only caused a crisis in contemporary Judaism but continues to pose serious questions for members of a religious communion today. Contrasted will be other groups, e.g., Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes and Gnostic groups. Among the different options in first-century Judaism, the Jesus-movement emerged as Christianity and needs to be compared and contrasted with other groups that developed from the same soil, some remaining within Judaism and others that departed from the fold. The focus will be on a multi-cultural approach. [Cost:2] (Georgi)

446. Modern Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

An introduction to the modern literature of the Arab Lands, Iran, Israel and Turkey. The course is taught by four professors, each of whom will examine the literature in which he/she specializes. Lectures introduce major literary figures and their works within the framework of the historical and social circumstances of their lives. Materials in English translation are reviewed wherever possible and discussions relate particularly to genre development and external influences on the literatures of the modern Near East. (Stewart-Robinson)

467/Jud. Stud. 467. Topics in the History of Classical Judaism. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

JEWISH LAW AND SOCIETY. The Jewish legal tradition is over 3,000 years old. What is the secret of this longevity? In this course we will explore the sources of the dynamism and continuing vitality of the Jewish law. Students will be introduced to the concept of the Oral Law, and will study selections from the Talmud, codes, and responsa (Jewish case law). During the second half of the term current issues including abortion, euthanasia, and capital punishment will be examined from the perspective of Jewish legal sources. Course requirements include a midterm and final examination, and a 10-15 page research paper. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Glogower)

469. Jewish Civilization. (3). (Excl).

Lectures on topics in Jewish Intellectual History, with class discussion based on selected assignments. Some of the topics are: Monotheism, Law, Messianism, Mysticism, Language and Literature; Sabbath and the Festivals, Sacrifice and Prayer. Students are evaluated on the basis of two exams. [Cost:1] [WL:3 or 4] (Schramm)

472/Hist. 543. Perso-Islamic Civilization in the Eastern Caliphate and India, 900-1350. (4). (Excl).

This course deals with one of the more important varieties of Islamic Civilization, the one formed in the area stretching from present-day Iraq across the Iranian Plateau to Central Asia. Perso-Islamic Civilization underlies the modern Islamic cultures of Afghanistan, Muslim Soviet Central Asia, Pakistan, Muslim India, and Iran, and it had a great deal of influence on the formation of Ottoman Turkish Civilization. Topics will include Ancient Iran's contribution to the formation of Islamic Civilization in Arabic, the emergence and maturing of New Persian literature, the impact of the Turkish invasions, Perso-Islamic Civilization on the eve of the Mongol invasion, and the transfer of this culture to India as an "émigré civilization" under the Delhi Sultanate. A paper or set of four critical reviews, a midterm and a final are required. Readings are from secondary materials and source translations in English from a reserve list and a course pack. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Luther)

474/Hist. 443. Modern Near East History. (4). (Excl).

See History 443. (Cole)

481/Engl. 401/Rel. 481. The English Bible: Its Literary Aspects and Influences, II. (3). (HU).

See English 401. (Williams)

489. Islamic Intellectual History. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine the origins and development of Islamic political ideas. These include the Islamic community, kingship and caliphate, tyranny and obedience, deputization of authority, the conduct of war. A number of distinctively Islamic institutions will be discussed, including the offices caliph, vizier, and GADI (Islamic judge). Theoretical divisions of Islamic society will receive attention, as will the abundant literature of mirrors for princes. Method of instruction: lectures. Requirements: midterm exam, final exam, and two papers, 5-8 pages each. (Bonner)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LS&A Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," or with "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. ABS 201 or equivalent. (3). (FL).

Lessons and exercises in a standardized form of the language of the Hebrew Bible. Presentation of grammar and vocabulary. Daily recitations and weekly quizzes. There is no prerequisite for course 201, but course 201 or the equivalent is prerequisite for 202. [Cost:1] [WL:3 or 4] (Schramm)

280/Rel. 280. Jesus and the Gospels. (4). (Excl).

The course will probe the gospels, including the some non-canonical versions (e.g., the Gospel of Thomas), as sources to the life and teaching of Jesus. The student will be introduced to the various scholarly methods used in gospel interpretation, in order that he/she will be able to apply these methods to the texts. This exercise will enable the student to appreciate the rich diversity of opinion which existed already in the earliest recoverable periods of incipient Christianity. There is no prerequisite for the course, but some familiarity with the gospels would be helpful. It is anticipated that there will be at least two exams and a term paper. The format of the course will consist of lectures by the instructor and discussions led by TA's. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Fossum)

Literature and Civilization Courses

441. Ancient Near Eastern Literature. (3). (Excl).

This course will attempt a close reading of the classics of Biblical wisdom literature: Proverbs (in part), Job, and Ecclesiastes, against a background furnished by several similar works from ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. We shall be particularly interested in comparing how these compositions deal with the problems of order and justice in the universe, and whether such problems have anything to do with man and the gods. In the final segment of the course, we shall go forward to two works recasting the Book of Job, the Testament of Job and Archibald Macleish's J.B., in order to see what transformations of the ancient themes later ages brought. The reading will be done in English translation, though those students able to use the original languages will be encouraged to do so. There are, however NO prerequisites for the course either in language (other than English, of course!) or in history or religious studies. The class sessions will emphasize discussion, with occasional lectures from the instructor to supply the necessary perspective and detail. The texts to be used include English translations of the original works and a variety of secondary discussions, such as R.B.Y. Scott, THE WAY OF WISDOM. Student evaluations will be based on two examinations and a paper, plus some consideration of performance in class discussions. [Cost:2] [WL:2] (Machinist)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two obligatory hours per week for review and oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour and general instructions. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to four credits. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each lesson (50%) and scheduled and comprehensive tests (50%). Textbooks: (1) A PROGRAMMED COURSE IN MODERN ARABIC PHONOLOGY AND SCRIPT by E. N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC PART ONE, by P. Abboud et al. (Rammuny)

102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course may not be taken until SIX hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture, and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two obligatory hours per week for review and oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each term (50%) and scheduled comprehensive tests (50%). Textbook: ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC, PART TWO by P. Abboud et al. [Cost 8] (Rammuny)

202. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 201 or equivalent. (6). (FL).

This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. It is the second of a year-long course whose primary goals are to enable the student to (1) understand familiar spoken literary Arabic, (2) converse with a native speaker of Arabic using simple terms, (3) read and understand the specific content of an elemental level and (4) write correct short responses within the scope of his/her vocabulary and experience. The method of instruction puts equal emphasis on the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course is conducted in Arabic except for grammatical explanations. It meets six hours weekly and requires approximately ten hours every week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes in the laboratory or at home, writing assignments and review of material covered in class. (McCarus)

402. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 401 or the equivalent. (6). (Excl).

This course is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for other students who expect to learn Arabic for use in related fields. It is the second part of a one-year sequence of Intermediate Modern Arabic whose objectives are to enable the student to 1) comprehend spoken literary Arabic comparable in content and difficulty to the student's intermediate level, 2) participate with a native speaker of Arabic in a dialogue or conversation using familiar vocabulary and structures, 3) read with understanding of subject matter comparable to what he/she has learned and 4) write a summary of about 100 words of a short story or passage read, and answers to questions in the form of short paragraphs. The method of instruction stresses the four language skills with particular emphasis on oral and written practice based on selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and non-fiction and A-V cultural materials. The course is conducted in Arabic and meets six hours weekly with 10-12 extra hours per week for outside of class preparation including listening to lesson tapes, writing assignments and review. Course grade is based on classroom performance, weekly written assignments and quizzes, a midterm and a final examination. Required texts: Peter Abboud et al, ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC. (Part Two) and Course Packet. (Bariun)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

414. Egyptian Colloquial Arabic. Arab. 413 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course builds on the skills developed in Arabic 413. Although published texts as well as handouts prepared by the instructor will be utilized for reference purposes, oral exchange is the main activity to which explanations and drills will be directed. The objective of the class is to enable students to function adequately and with reasonable fluency in natural life communication involving the use of the Egyptian dialect. Aspects of Egyptian culture, e.g., customs, humor, songs, and the like, will be made familiar to the students in the course of language practice. Evaluation will be based entirely on class participation and effective oral comprehension and performance. (Ahmeal, Rammuny)

434. Arabic Historical Linguistics and Dialectology. Arabic 402 and 430 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (2-3). (Excl).

Development of Arabic from Proto-Semitic and Proto-Arabic origins to interrelationships of contemporary literary and dialectual forms of Arabic. Classroom procedure: lecture-discussion. Grade based on class participation, homework problems and term paper. (McCarus)

502. Advanced Arabic Conversation and Composition. Arabic 501 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of this course are to develop fluency and accuracy in understanding, speaking and writing modern standard Arabic, and to expand students' awareness of Arab-Islamic life and culture. The course is based on a variety of literary texts and authentic cultural audiovisual materials including slides, videocassettes, and films. There is a special emphasis on active mastery of useful idiomatic and cultural expressions and the use of Arabic for oral and written communication. Occasionally, students are required to select their own topics and give brief presentations. Requirements include daily preparations, two weekly written compositions, occasional tests, and a final paper in Arabic. Course grade is based on classroom preparation and performance (10%), written compositions (25%), occasional tests (25%), and a final paper (40%). The course textbooks are ADVANCED ARABIC CONVERSATIONS AND COMPOSITION by Raji M. Rammuny, and ADVANCED ARABIC COMPOSITION. STUDENT'S GUIDE by Raji M. Rammuny. (Rammuny)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Continuation of the development of basic communication skills of reading, writing and speaking modern standard Hebrew. Class drills, class discussions in Hebrew, language laboratory drills. (Coffin, Staff)

302. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 301 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

The focus of instruction will be on the four language skills, with a continued emphasis on oral work and writing. In addition to continued study of morphology and syntax, some reading selections in fiction and non-fiction prose will be introduced. [Cost:1] [WL:5, try another section first. If all others are closed, then no. 1] (Etzion)

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

402. Advanced Hebrew. Hebrew 401. (3). (Excl).

Close reading of selected texts of modern Hebrew literature-poetry, fiction, essays, newspaper articles-in order to acquaint the student with basic texts and introduce him to the various uses of modern Hebrew language. We shall be reading texts of D. Baron, J. Steinberg, Y. Amihai and Prile, some criticism by H.N. Bialik and N. Alterman and also articles of major Hebrew newspapers. [WL:3] (Komen)

404. Hebrew of the Communications Media. Hebrew 302 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

A continuation of 403. Emphasis on readings, listening and speaking skills. The social genre of the communications media (newspapers, radio and television) will serve as the basis for discussion of current events. Unedited newspaper selections will be read and news broadcasts and television programs will be used in the classroom and in the language laboratory. Grades will be based on two exams and a special project. (Etzion)

452. Modern Hebrew Fiction: From the Palmah Generation to Contemporary Israeli Prose. A knowledge of Hebrew is not required. (3). (Excl).

Close reading of two major modern Hebrew novelists: S.Y. Agnon and A.B. Amihai. Emphasis will be on the meaning and practice of twentieth century BELLES LETTRES in plot, characterization, setting and imagery, and the new concept of the role and function of Hebrew literature towards the end of the century. [WL:3] (Komen)

544. Medieval Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2). (Excl).

Reading and discussion of representative masterpieces selected from chronicles, romances, and liturgical and secular poetry. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Schramm)

552. Modern Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 402 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit more than once with permission of instructor.

Reading and discussion of fiction by Israeli authors: S.Y. Agnon, A.B. Yashoshna, and others. Reading selections include short stories and novellas by the authors above. (Coffin)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

402. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 401 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course provides further study of Turkish grammar vocabulary, and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral written expression will be developed by critique of translation and composition and by memorization of short texts. Reading will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. (Windfuhr)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

530. Structure of Persian. (3). (Excl).

For students interested in Iranian, Near Eastern Languages and comparative linguistics. The objective of this course this term will be the position of Persian within Iranic dialectology and the larger context of symbolic and adjacent language groups. (Windfuhr)

Turkish Studies (Turkish: Division 493)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

202. Elementary Turkish. Turkish 201 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the sequel to Turkish 201 and is the second half of Elementary Turkish. We will focus on speaking and writing the language of Modern Turkey. Course topics include the phonological structure of Turkish, basic sentence patterns, and basic vocabulary. The aural-oral approach is emphasized and serves as the basic course format. Student evaluation is based on written and oral quizzes, and a final examination. (Stewart-Robinson)

402. Intermediate Turkish. Turkish 401 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. The course is designed for students who have completed Turkish 202 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed through translations and compositions. Readings will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. Reading material will be provided. Evaluation will be determined on the basis of class quizzes and performance, a midterm and final examination. ( Stewart-Robinson)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

512. Readings in Tanzimat Turkish. Permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

This course is part of the department's language sequence in Ottoman/Turkish program. A recitation/discussion type of course in which Ottoman texts of the 19th century in the Arabic script are read in class, analyzed and discussed from the point of view of language and content. Quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination are required. The texts are specially selected and xeroxed for distribution to the class. (Stewart-Robinson)

551. Modern Turkish Prose Literature. Turkish 402 or permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

Part of sequence in required language courses for majors, M.A. and Ph.D. candidates. The objective is to continue to develop comprehension ease in modern Turkish through the reading of the literary products of modern Turks. Recitation type course includes reading, translation, and discussion of content and style. Quizzes and a final exam are required. The texts are: A. Tietze, TURKISH LITERARY READER; and specially selected xeroxed material. (Stewart-Robinson)

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