Courses in Biological Anthropology (Division 318)

161. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. (4). (NS).

Biological anthropology is a subfield of anthropology dealing with human biology and evolution. This course presents a survey of the major topics in the field. The course is divided into four major parts: (1) human genetics and evolutionary theory; (2) primate behavior and evolution; (3) the human fossil record; and (4) ecological, biological, and demographic variability in modern populations. No special background knowledge is required or assumed. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Hill)

361. Biology, Society, and Culture. Sophomore standing. (3). (NS).

An evaluation of the biological and cultural factors that influence human behavior. We will begin with an exploration of evolutionary principles and go through the animal antecedents of human behavior, especially focusing on the non-human primate origins of our own social behavior. Topics to be covered include: primate sociality, human and non-human primate mating systems, and biological and cultural aspects of race, kinship, human ecology and moral systems. Relevant readings will be assigned, and grades will be based on 2 exams and a paper. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Stanford)

362. Problems of Race. Sophomore standing. (3). (NS).

The subject matter covered in this course is different from but complementary to that covered in Anthropology 347 which is more concerned with race relations. Anthropology 362, on the other hand, addresses itself to two main problem areas where race is concerned: (1) how did we get stuck with our generally held assumptions when it would appear that the race concept owes more to folklore than to biology? This portion of the course deals principally with the history of the race concept; and (2) if the common concept of race has an inadequate foundation in biology, what kind of sense can we make out of human biological variation? This portion of the course treats the dimensions of human biological differences that can be traced according to selective force distributions and their changes through time. These aspects of the course's concern will be covered in lecture, but they can be supplemented by readings which will be suggested from time to time and by the assigned tests. Texts: A.R. Frisancho, HUMAN ADAPTATION; C.L. Brace, THE STAGES OF HUMAN EVOLUTION. Lecture outlines (syllabus) and course reading materials will be available at Kinko's copying. [Cost:2] [WL:3/4] (Brace)

399. Honors in Biological Anthropology. Senior standing and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit twice.

Seniors who choose to enter the Honors program undertake a senior project under the supervision of a member of the faculty. Most often this takes the form of an original paper of greater scope than is possible in an ordinary term paper, and it gives the student experience in conducting and writing up his or her own research. Students who are interested in joining the senior Honors program should consult with the departmental Honors adviser for biological anthropology, Frank Livingstone. Previous participation in the college Honors program is not a prerequisite for joining the senior Honors program. (Livingstone)

462. Ecological and Genetic Variation in Human Populations. Anthro. 161 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

The first part of this course will outline the forces or factors determining the growth rates of human population and especially the role of infectious disease. The second part will emphasize the genetic adaptations due to malaria and then explore the implications of these associations for other genetic variation. The course grade is based on a midterm and final examination. [Cost:1] [WL:2/3/4] (Livingstone)

566. Laboratory in Human Osteology. Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The course is concerned with the identification and interpretation of human skeletal remains. Emphasis is placed on both the individual and populational levels of interpretation. Topics include the basic biology of normal bone, pathology, and variation in form. Identification and reconstruction of fragmentary materials as well as reconstruction of populational characteristics (age, sex, life history data, metric description) are covered. It is specifically designed for archaeologists and biological anthropologists but would also be of use to pre-dental and pre-medical students who will take gross anatomy in the future. The course is limited to 20 students. Permission of instructor is required. [Cost:3] [WL:See TA to get Override.] (Wolpoff)

568. Primate Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Bio. Anthro. 368; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This is an advanced course examining theoretical issues in the ecology and behavior of the non-human primates. We will apply evolutionary theory to the range of diversity in primate social systems, and will examine the work of theorists in interpreting primate behavior, primarily from field studies. Topics include: evolution of sociality, territoriality, feeding ecology, aggression and reproductive strategies. Grades will be based on papers. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Stanford)

Courses in Cultural Anthropology (Division 319)

Courses are arranged by groups: Introductory Courses, Ethnology-Regional Courses, Ethnology-Theory/Method, Ethnology-Topical Courses, Linguistics, Archaeology, and Museum and Reading and Research Courses.

Introductory Courses

101. Introduction to Anthropology. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. No credit granted to those who have completed 222 or 426. (4). (SS).

Exposure to anthropology's cross-cultural, comparative and holistic viewpoints, and to ethnography, the field's characteristic data-gathering procedure, are important in a liberal arts education. Anthropology 101, which surveys the field's four subdisciplines (biological, archeological, cultural, and linguistic anthropology) provides students (generally freshmen and sophomores) with a first glimpse of the field's overall context, history, present status, and importance. Anthropology 101 stresses unifying principles that link the subdisciplines and thereby create anthropology's comprehensive, holistic world view. Anthropology 101 teaches students various ways of learning and thinking about the world's many designs for living in time and space. It prepares them to integrate and interpret information, to evaluate conflicting claims about human nature and diversity, and to think critically. As is proper for a distribution course, the principal aim of Anthropology 101 is to help students develop a coherent view of the essential concepts, structures, and intellectual methods that typify the discipline. This introductory course exposes and explores the structures of inquiry characteristic of anthropology, as well as surveying its content. (As such it is also recommended for anthropology concentrators.) Topics covered include: the nature of culture, human genetics, evolution, and the fossil record, the concept of race, primate (monkey and ape) behavior, language and culture, systems of marriage, kinship and family organization, sex-gender roles, economics, politics, and religion in global perspective, the cultural dimension of economic development and contemporary social change, and the emergence of a world system. Required readings include several paperbacks. Students must register for the three weekly lectures (section 001) and a discussion-recitation section. Two objective exams (multiple choice and true or false questions) cover the two halves of the course. The second exam is given on the last day of class. There is no final exam and no term paper. Section leaders require quizzes and, perhaps a short paper. (Kottak)

272/Ling. 272. Language in Society. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. (4). (SS).

What place does language have in everyday life? Do people really communicate when they speak to each other? How is language used to reinforce relationships of power, especially along racial, gender, and class lines? How do languages change, and how does change reflect the structure of society? This course is about the nature of language and the ways in which it reflects and informs social life. Topics covered include: (1) How and why languages change; (2) the relationships between speech and social class, race, and gender; (3) the politics of language use in society, including language policy in third-world societies and the "English-only" movement in the United States; (4) the ways in which language is used to construct social, cultural, and political "realities" and the ways these realities are contested as they were, for example, in the Iran-Contra hearings. Required readings are in a course pack. The course will be evaluated by in-class quizzes. A term paper is optional. The course has no prerequisites except for curiosity about the interrelationships between language and society. (Mannheim)

Ethnology-Regional Courses

403(503). Japanese Society and Culture. Anthro. 101, 222, or any Japan course. (4). (Excl).

An examination of cultural patterns that distinguish Japan from its counterparts among the industrial nations of the West. Topics include: the family, patterns of education and socialization, the importance of groups and group membership, the place of the individual in society, and concepts of religion, morality, and aesthetics. (Painter)

404. Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia. Anthro. 101 or 222. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the basic economic, social and cultural characteristics of Southeast Asian peoples. Major attention is given to the ways in which peoples of Southeast Asia use their different environments and adjust to changing economic conditions. Case studies are used to elaborate the theme of "persistence and change" in religion, economic activity, social and political organization. Attention will be given to the demographic, economic and social impact of current development or "modernization" on traditional societies. This lecture course will make use of slides, films and readings, both paperbacks and course pack, to extend case studies to more general patterns for all of Southeast Asia. Students are required to take either the midterm or final examination, and may also do a research paper or annotated bibliography. (Gosling)

411/CAAS 422. African Culture. Junior standing or permission of the instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Afroamerican and African Studies 422. (Owusu)


332. Social Forms. Sophomore standing. (4). (SS).

This course will provide an introduction to social and cultural anthropology through an examination of some of the classic studies in the field. It will show how anthropologists working in different kinds on non-industrial society have contributed to our understanding of topics such as kinship, economics, witchcraft, religion, classification and exchange. Exploration of these topics will proceed through a combination of classroom lectures and discussion sections. Grades will be based on four short papers. There are no prerequisites. [Cost:3] [WL:4] (Rouse)

Ethnology-Topical Courses

357. Undergraduate Seminar in Ethnology. A course in cultural anthropology and either junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will familiarize the student with the anthropological study of non-western cultures as components of larger (region-wide or inter-regional) political and economic organizations. Attention will be focused on how these larger organizations (for example, trade systems, political alliances, elite kinship networks) influence cultural change. One-third of the course will be used to introduce the student to the works of classical political economists, Karl Marx, and other "Marxist" theorists. Another third of the course will be used to critically review ethnological studies in light of the historical development of the present-day capitalist world economy. The remaining time will be used to focus on contemporary "political-economic" and "world systems" theory, emphasizing archaeological cases from both the New World and the Old World. Class time will consist of lecture and discussions of readings. Grades will be based upon 2 tests, a midterm exam, and a (final) research paper. (Pauketat)

439. Economic Anthropology and Development. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course introduces students to economic anthropology and development in rural, village-based, tribal, peasant, urbanizing and industrializing societies and cultures of the Third World: Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America and the Middle East. The FIRST PART reviews the nature of economic anthropology, its scope, objectives, basic concepts, theories and methods of investigation. It discusses economic anthropology as it relates to conventional/development economics. The SECOND PART examines anthropological (social science) perspectives on development and underdevelopment: progress, modernization, acculturation, socioeconomic growth, etc. The THIRD PART is concerned with specific case studies of problems of Third World development and underdevelopment: rural/urban poverty and inequality; women and development; international migration; etc. The course CONCLUDES with an overview of global issues in Third World development and underdevelopment. The course is recommended for anthropology concentrators and all students with serious interest in comparative cultures and Third World development and underdevelopment. Junior standing or permission of instructor. Lecture/discussion format. Films shown in class when available. Final grades based on three take-home papers and contributions to class discussion. Basic texts: Lucy Mair, ANTHROPOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT; Polly Hill, DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS ON TRIAL. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Owusu)

448/Rel. 452. Anthropology of Religion: Ritual, Sanctity and Adaptation. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

This course approaches universal aspects of religion-religious experience, the concept of the sacred, the sense of the divine, the notion of occult power, through an analysis of the most prevalent form of religious behavior, namely ritual. Having examined and discussed religious concepts and actions in their own right the course will consider their places in human affairs. Although the course will be universalist in its orientation, illustrative materials will be drawn from a range of simple and complex societies. There are two take home examinations. Although there are no prerequisites a background in anthropology, the social sciences generally, religion or philosophy will be helpful. Junior standing is required; enrollment is generally about 75% undergraduate, 25% graduate students. (Rappaport)

458. Topics in Cultural Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated once for a total of 6 credits.

Section 001 AURAL TEXT ANALYSIS: THEORIES AND METHODS. Participants in this seminar will critique current anthropological approaches to aural traditions, focusing on problems of rendering performance works in written words. Topics to be considered include polyphony, contextualization, marking performance features, internal logics, metacommentary, cultural translation problems, and political questions of appropriation. Readings will include work of Tedlock, Hymes, Bauman, Rothenberg, Toelken, Basso, and others. In addition to theoretical discussion, students will analyze texts. A corpus of Native American texts (taped in the native language with transcriptions, glossary, and literal translation) will be available as a Xerox pack. These texts have been compiled by the instructor, an anthropologist and translator trained in the culture and language of two closely related groups of Native American people, working collaboratively with a linguist and a native speaker. Students are encouraged to bring in (or acquire) field data for analysis. Some theoretical background in communications, semiotics, literary analysis, or anthropological interpretation is recommended. Classes will involve discussion, presentation of seminar papers, and some lectures. One short (5 page) paper is required by midterm. The final seminar paper should include a critical review of anthropological literature and text analysis. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Bierwert)

Section 003 This is a lecture/seminar course. It will examine the nature of religion in the lives of humans, within the framework of culture, and as a pervasive social institution. The course will focus on the special case of the intensive and involved character of religion in the history and lives of Afro-Americans. These special uses of religion create special problems. We will analyze those problems. The course is open to all students and it requires no special background or preparation. There will be two examinations and two short written assignments. Class participation and attendance are required. the required texts are: RELIGION: AN INTRODUCTION, T.W. Hall, R.B. Pilgrim, and R.R. Cavanagh; RELIGION IN HUMAN LIFE: ANTHROPOLOGICAL VIEWS, E. Norbeck; AFRO-AMERICAN RELIGIOUS HISTORY, M. Sernett; COMMUNITY IN A BLACK PENTECOSTAL CHURCH: AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDY, M.D. Williams; ON THE STREET WHERE I LIVED, M.D. Williams. (Williams)

Section 004 CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY. This course will examine the cultural dynamics of social, political and economic change in Southeast Asia's colonial and contemporary history. Particular attention will be given to the ways in which cultural practices have mediated shifting class, gender and race relations. We will draw on historical and anthropological materials as well as fiction to look at, for example, how prescriptions for dress, language, childrearing and sex bear on a broad set of relations of power. Specific topics will address issues of ethnicity and race in colonial cultures, religions and resistance, local knowledge and global histories, gender ideology and multinationals in Southeast Asia. Regional focus will be on Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. Some background in anthropology, history or Southeast Asia preferred although not required. Students will be graded on the basis of class preparation, class participation, and an exam and/or term paper. The class will be conducted in a part-lecture, part-seminar format. (Stoler)


372/Ling. 310. Language, Cognition and Evolution. (3). (SS).

This course will review the available evidence for the way in which the capacity for spoken language evolved in the human species. We will consider the implications that language holds for human culture and for human cognitive capacities, and ask how alternative forms of language such as writing, printing, deaf signing, and electronic communication have altered or are altering the form of societies in which we live. A wide range of evidence will be brought to bear upon these questions: The nature of animal communication and the ways in which it is similar to and different from language; human non-verbal communication and its relation to language; the evidence that human fossils offer about mental and linguistic abilities of early humans; archeological remains that may suggest stages of non-material cultural attainments; the structure and function of the human brain as these relate to language; the co-evolution of language and human cognitive capacity; language learning in the human child; Pidgin languages, which some people believe to reveal the underlying nature of human linguistic competence; the potential for language in organization; the cognitive implications of language; the nature of writing systems and their implications for the organization of society; the impact of printing upon society; the threats and promises of electronic communication. There will be a midterm and a final examination and students will write a short term paper on a topic of special interest to them. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Burling)

478/Ling. 442. Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Ling. 411 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See Linguistics 442. (Myhill)


387. Prehistory of North America. Anthro. 101 or 282. (3). (Excl).

North America was the setting for roughly 12,000 years of cultural diversification before native Indian groups were confronted by European diseases and expansionist interests. This course will survey the varied lifeways of pre-Contact societies north of Mexico as they have been reconstructed by archaeologists. Because it is impossible to adequately cover all regions in one term, emphasis will be placed on the Eastern Woodlands and the Southwest. A focus will be on food-procurement systems and how these are connected with culture change. The evolution of agricultural societies will be explored in some depth. Evaluations will be based on two midterm exams and a final exam all of which consist of essay-type questions as well as completion of a computer program that simulates archaeological analysis. Assigned readings consist of the textbook PREHISTORY OF THE AMERICAS, by Stuart Fiedel, the monograph THE HURON: FARMERS OF THE NORTH, by Bruce Trigger, and a course pack of readings. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Fritz)

Museum, Reading, and Research Courses

496. Museum Techniques in Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a total of 6 credits for Anthro 496 and 497.

The goal of this course is the introduction of museum collection management and exhibition. It will acquaint students with the ethics of collecting anthropological artifacts and archaeological objects, their proper storage, conservation, computer cataloging, procedures for lending and borrowing, and methods for exhibiting the collection. The course serves as an introduction to museum employment as a career and to general knowledge about the "behind the scene" operations in a museum. Lectures will be complimented by tours to laboratories, storage areas, and exhibits. Students will write short critiques of museum activities and complete a final examination. Students who elect this course for 3 hours will develop an exhibit. No prerequisites are required. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Ford)

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