CLASSICAL STUDIES


Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

222/Hist. of Art 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology. (4). (HU).

The course will examine aspects of Roman civilization as revealed by archaeological evidence. The art and architecture of the Romans will constitute a major component of the course, with the city of Rome and the well-preserved towns of Ostia, Pompeii, and Herculaneum providing many examples. This Italian evidence will be supplemented by regional examples from around the Roman world. Mosaics, sculpture, wall paintings, and various classes of artifacts will be examined in detail. In addition, archaeological evidence will be used to shed light on how people lived in antiquity; studying situations ranging from palaces to tenement housing, from frontier forts to farms. There are no prerequisites for the course. The format is three illustrated lectures and one discussion section from the list of sections timetabled for the class. The grade is based on discussion and quizzes in sections and on a midterm and a final exam. Assigned books: F. Sear, ROMAN ARCHITECTURE (Cornell paperback); D. Strong, ROMAN ART (Viking Penguin paperback). [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Mattingly)

443/Hist. of Art 443. Greeks in the West. Class. Arch. 221, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will address the archaeological and historical evidence for the arrival of the Greeks in Italy and Sicily, for the expansion of their communities, for their relations with the indigenous populations, and for their contributions to the arts and architecture. Motives for Greek westward colonizations will be examined along with the sitings for settlements; sanctuaries yielding information on religious life and the distribution of cults, and cemeteries telling of social stratification (Grave goods and wall paintings) will be surveyed; temples which witness imaginative interpretations of the architectural Orders anticipate rather than follow Mainland developments (who were these innovators?) and relief sculpture telling stories in cycles for the first time in the West will all be surveyed. The relationship of the cities to the territories they controlled will be reviewed. Type sites to be examined in detail will be Syracuse in Sicily, and in South Italy Poseidonia-Paestum, recent site of excavations in a large extramural sanctuary by the Universities of Michigan and Perugia. The chronological range of the course will be from the 8th Century BC to the Roman conquest. One hour exam, one paper, reports and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Pedley)

536/Hist. of Art 536. Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture. Hist. of Art 101 or Class. Arch. 222 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See History of Art 536. (Gazda)


Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the KOINE Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Dillery)

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already completed Greek 101. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 101. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading Attic prose selections. There will be a series of quizzes and hourly exams in addition to a final exam. (Rickert)

302. Second-Year Greek. Greek 301 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric vocabulary and grammar. The class will translate and discuss readings from the ILIAD. Midterm, paper, and final exam. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Scodel)

Advanced Courses

497. Senior Greek Seminar. Honors student or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

DEATH AMONG THE GREEKS AND ROMANS. This seminar course (electable as Greek 497 or Latin 497) is designed primarily for concentrators in Greek, Latin, and Classical Languages and Literatures who have reached the 400 level in their reading of Greek, Latin, or both. Undergraduates of any standing who have the necessary reading experience, but who have not yet declared a concentration are also welcome: they should come to the instructor (2023 Angell Hall) before enrolling. We will explore Greek and Roman attitudes, beliefs, fears, and images of death through the study of customs, rituals, myths, material remains, and literature which pertains to death and the dead. In particular, we will sample a variety of literary treatments of death in several genres and authors, e.g., Euripides' "Alcestis," Aristophanes' comic treatment of the dead in "Frogs," Thucydides' description of the plague at Athens, Plato's dialogue and death, "Phaedo," Horace and Propertius on love and death, Lucretius on the fear and physics of death, and Juvenal's satiric treatment of death. Students will be required to do some reading in the classical language of their election; but the larger amount will be done in English translation. The stress will be on in-class discussion, on the development of literary critical skills and historical perspective, and on the use of secondary sources. Requirements: class presentation, research paper, midterm, and final exams. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Rickert)

520. Sophocles. Greek 402. (3). (Excl).

Reading of representative tragedies of Sophocles, with special attention to problems of text, interpretation, and relation to Greek tragedy and society in general. Term paper; midterm and final examinations. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Scodel)


Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 194, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2016 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or contact Professor Knudsvig in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of the text. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hours examinations, and a final. [Cost:1] [WL:1]

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. [Cost:1] [WL:1]

194. Intensive Elementary Latin II. Latin 193 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, 232, or 503. (4). (Excl).

This is a continuation of Latin 193, a beginning language course which will have covered, by the end of the Fall Term, the essentials of Latin accidence and syntax, with some experience in reading continuous Latin prose (Caesar). This second term of this introductory sequence will continue the reading of prose and will then include selected readings in the first six books of Vergil's AENEID. Students need not have taken Latin 193 to enroll in Latin 194. Initially there will be a systematic review of Latin grammar, and throughout the term attention will be paid to details of grammar to ensure a command of language necessary for increasing ease in reading. Therefore, anyone with a knowledge of elementary Latin could profit from the course. The AENEID has been chosen as the main text because of its inherent importance for later European poetry and literature, and will be considered in class discussion as such not simply as an exercise in translation. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (001 Rosenmeyer; 002 Huyck)

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero and Caesar. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. [cost: 1] [WL:1]

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to learn to read extensive passages of Vergil's AENEID, with comprehension and enjoyment. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and time of the Emperor Augustus. Quizzes, hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. [Cost:1: ] [WL:1]

Section 001 This class will ask you to bring together and apply the knowledge and skills you have acquired in studying Latin to the reading of the greatest work of Latin literature. We will attend especially to Books I-VI, working closely with the text, slowly and methodically learning techniques of translating Vergil's poetry into clear and precise English prose. Book II (the fall of Troy) will occupy most of our attention. We will review grammar as necessary. We will also study Vergil's epic in English translation. By term's end we should have both a good understanding and appreciation of what the AENEID is all about and an ability to confront Latin passage of the poem with some skill and comprehension. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Wallin)

Intermediate Courses

302. Catullus and Cicero. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The course will provide an introduction to the prose and poetry of the late Roman Republic (First Century B.C.), and is designed for students who have completed Latin 194, 222, 232, or the equivalent. Class time will be spent primarily in translation and discussion of several of Cicero's speeches and a selection of the poems of Catullus. Emphasis will be placed on a further mastery of Latin grammar and translation skills. There will be several hour exams and a final. (Knudsvig)

402. Imperial Prose. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Texts: H.W. Benario, Tacitus ANNUALS 11 AND 12; Penguin translation of Tacitus ANNALES. The subject of this course will be Tacitus' history of the first emperors of Rome, the ANNALES, one of the most important historical works of antiquity. The class will focus especially on ANNALES books 11-12 which concern the reign of the emperor Claudius (41-54 C.E.). The primary aim of the course is to translate a significant amount of Latin; in addition, there will also be discussion of historical and literary issues associated with the text. Midterm, final exam, and a final paper (8-10 pages). [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Dillery)

410. Poetry of the Republic or Later Empire. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

The course will focus on Lucretius' DE RERUM NATURA, a hexameter didactic poem written in the 1st century BC. In 6 books Lucretius discusses the scientific theories of Epicurus in order to abolish his readers' fears concerning the intervention of the gods in the world and punishment of souls in the afterlife. This work is both religious and scientific, philosophical and literary. It marks the transition between the works of older Latin poets and the polish of the Augustan age, and offers insights into the Roman view of "the good life." [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Rosenmeyer)

Advanced Courses

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Junior standing in Latin and permission of instructor. I: (3); IIIb: (2). (Excl).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of modern linguistic theories that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor. I and II: (3); IIIb: (2). (Excl).

In the Fall Term, 1989, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

436/MARC 441. Medieval Latin II, 900-1350 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

A detailed study of an author, period, or genre of later Medieval Latin literature, to be decided upon in consultation with students enrolled. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. Latin 435 (Marc 440) is not a prerequisite. Midterm, final, and paper. (Witke)

497. Senior Latin Seminar. Honors students or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

DEATH AMONG THE GREEKS AND ROMANS. For Winter Term. 1990, this course is jointly offered with Greek 497. (Rickert)

500. Special Reading Course in Latin. (4). (Excl).

This course is designed to meet the needs of beginning graduate students who must perfect their ability to read and analyze Latin literary texts, especially at sight. It is therefore not recommended for undergraduates. Texts will include a wide selection of Latin literature, including both prose and poetry. Class will be devoted to prepared translation from these works, sight translation from other works, and grammatical review. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Potter)

562. Cicero, Orations. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course will be devoted entirely to the orations delivered by Cicero as Consul in 63 B.C.: the three speeches on Rullus' agrarian law; the speech on behalf of Rabirius; the four speeches against Catiline; and the speech for Licinius Murena. Extensive reading of Latin; at least one report. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Frier)

592. History of Roman Literature, Vergil to Ausonius. Latin 591 or twelve credits in advanced Latin reading courses. (3). (Excl).

For Department Students only. (Witke)


Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as a general introduction to the history, literature, life, institutions, and contributions of ancient Rome - that is, to Roman civilization. The course will focus on the changing perceptions of the city of Rome, in literature from the Second Century BC to the Fourth Century AD. Authors to be read include Polybius, Cicero, Catullus, Vergil, Tacitus, Ammianus Marcellinus, Petronius, Sallust, and Suetonius. Lectures will follow certain common ideas and themes, with occasional presentations of special topics. There will be two short papers, a midterm examination, and a final examination. [Cost:3] [WL:1,3] (Potter)

303. Early Sources for English Literature. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to provide background in Greek and Latin literature (in translation) for English Department concentrators, and for students in other departments who are interested in the literary legacy of Greece and Rome. Our focus will be on "classical revivals," from the age of the Renaissance to the neoclassical, romantic and modern periods. How was the classical heritage variously PERCEIVED and CONSTRUCTED through the ages? How were classical models USED to shape successive redefinitions of "modernity"? A sampling of genres and themes will provide the basic material for discussing a number of topical issues, including canonization, the politics of reading, and the gendered character of genres. Lectures and sections will involve intensive discussions of individual texts or of texts in close juxtaposition. Two lectures and one recitation section per week. Three 6-8 page papers and a final exam. [Cost:3] [WL:2] (Porter)

357/Women's Studies 357. Greek Medical Writers in English Translation. (3). (Excl).

The Department of Classical Studies will approve this course for distribution credit in Humanities.

Greek medical writers is a course in the history of ideas. It will concentrate on the reading of medical literature, so as to elicit from the text those habits of reasoning employed by doctors as they argue for a particular medical view and the unenunciated assumptions upon which doctors depended as common property of their culture. The presocratic philosophers, the early Greek scientists of the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, have come down to us in fragments, while the Hippocratic Corpus, the anonymous medical treatises from the Fifth and early Fourth Centuries BCE which were gathered under the name of Hippocrates of Cos, is full and intact by comparison. Reading these treatises permits us moderns to follow Greek argumentation in some detail, as doctors apply their peculiarly medical reasoning to the creation of an anatomy and physiology which looks to both theory and practice. The Hippocratics were knowledgeable enough about human bones and the skeleton, but their internal anatomy derived largely from deductions based on external observations and summoning of analogies. Their physiology was designed to complement their anatomy and at the same time to describe human bodies which would respond to the medicaments long in use in folk traditions of Greek medicine. In between the CORPUS and Soranus of Ephenus and Galen of Pergamum, living and writing at Rome in the second century CE, came Herophilus of Chalcedon, the great anatomist of the Alexandrian Museum (first half of the third century BCE). The effects of Herophilus' dissection of human bodies produced great advances in anatomy and bound subsequent medical investigations more closely to direct observation, albeit in later centuries done on animals. Physiology, however, often clung in peculiar and inconsistent ways to Hippocratic explanations and elaborations, not least of which was the tenacious humoral theory. It is often, moreover, difficult to read a modern disease syndrome into an ancient description of sickness. Hence the gynecological writings of all these writers take on a particular importance in this undertaking, since reproductive activities of the female body are easier to isolate and identify: menstruation, intercourse, conception, gestation, childbirth, lochia, lactation have remained more constant phenomena than have, for example, fevers, headaches, and delirium. The gynecology of the CORPUS reveals Greek habits of thinking about the female body in the Fifth Century BCE, echoing the prejudices of their society. The gynecological writing of Soranus and Galen benefited from more sophisticated anatomy. Soranus, for example, rejected certain Hippocratic notions, such as that which endorsed reproductive activity as invariably good for the health of all women, yet he and Galen retained much from Hippocratic explanations of intercourse and conception, recasting arguments, but not altering substance. There are no prerequisites beyond a curiosity about Greco-Roman medicine. Requirements: several short papers; take-home midterm; final. (Hanson)

462. Greek Mythology. (4). (HU).

Greek Mythology is designed to acquaint the student with the major myths and epic cycles of ancient Greece from the creation myths and their Near Eastern prototypes through the Trojan War and the wanderings of Odysseus. The development of various myths will be illustrated through Greek literature and art. We will also discuss the use and treatment of Greek myths in English literature, modern psychoanalytical theory, and comparative anthropology. Required texts will include Homer's ODYSSEY, parts of Hesiod's THEOGONY and WORKS AND DAYS, the HOMERIC HYMNS, and a selection of tragedies by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. An additional course pack will provide readings for discussion sections which will meet once a week to consider a variety of theoretical approaches to mythology, and other critical questions. Course requirements include two hour tests and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Herbert)

474. Urban Problems and Pressures in Ancient Rome. Not open to freshmen. (3). (Excl).

This class may be taken for humanities distribution credit and details of how to do this will be given at the first class.

The Roman empire is renown for its civilization and its great urban based achievements. Yet the realities of life in the cities of antiquity for much of the urban populace were less rosy. This course will present a dualistic view of Roman urban civilization, starting with the premise that the best and worst aspects of Roman society are to be found together in their towns. Excerpts from Roman literature (read in translation) and supplemental information from archaeology will be combined to construct an unusual picture of the ancient world. The great temples and well-planned public spaces of Roman towns will be compared with the slums and derelict quarters that lay round about, processes of law will be contrasted with the evidence of lawlessness and crime, the banquets of the rich with the daily struggle of the poor for food. The likely realities of urban life and of the alternative rural lifestyle will be examined from the perspective of rich and poor, slave and free. The themes of the study are universal ones (with clear modern resonances): work, leisure, food, housing, crime, politics, social status, freedom, wealth, poverty, etc. Readings will be taken from a course pack and an assigned collection of sources. The grade will be based on written papers, a midterm, and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Mattingly)

476. Pagans and Christians in the Roman World. (3). (HU).

The course will survey the rise of Christianity to the position of the dominant religion in the Roman Empire between the late First Century A.D. and the end of the Fourth Century A.D. Topics covered will include the nature of classical cult and its place in the socio-economic structure of the Roman Empire, belief in the divine, oracles, magic, and holy men of various sorts. Emphasis will be placed on the changing place of the Christian Church in the classical world, persecution and conversion, the different ways in which people at various levels of society dealt with its tenets. The course will conclude with a thorough analysis to the conversion of Constantine, the apostasy of the Emperor Julian, and the role of the Emperor Theodosius in strengthening the position of the Church. Readings will be selected from recent modern works on the subject and a wide variety of Classical texts in translation. The requirements will be a midterm, a final, and a ten page paper. No prerequisite course or special background is required. [Cost:2] [WL:1,3] (Potter)


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