Germanic Languages and Literatures


Dutch Courses (Division 357)

112. Second Special Speaking and Reading Course. Dutch 111 or the equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course, a continuation of 111, proceeds with the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We will primarily use the monolingual text LEVAND NEDERLANDS (Living Dutch), in which each lesson consists of an everyday conversation, a grammatical explanation, exercises, a comprehensive vocabulary list of one topic, questions about the conversation, discussion and homework. To strengthen the command of the language, grammatical patterns in conversation will be emphasized. To enliven the class, the teacher will present the students with songs of Dutch singers and cabaret artists, and simple prose, which can serve as a starting point for conversation. [Cost:2] (Broos)

232. Second-Year Dutch. Dutch 231 or the equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course, a continuation of Dutch 231, will further examine the particular difficulties and subtleties of Dutch grammar and style. Grammatical items introduced in previous courses will be reviewed where necessary. Introduction to contemporary Dutch society by means of songs, comics, newspaper articles, and literature will enliven the course, which will be conducted mostly in Dutch. [Cost:2] (Broos)

339. Independent Study. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

Section 001 This course serves the needs of students who wish to develop special topics not offered in the Dutch Studies curriculum. It may be a program of directed readings with reports, or it may be a research project and long paper. Courses in the past covered different areas like Dutch-Indonesian literature, the language of Rembrandt and his contemporaries, Dutch between English and German, etc. Courses must be supervised by a faculty member and the student must have the faculty member's agreement before electing the course. [Cost:1] (Broos)

SECOND Section (Contact Department for specific section number). Aimed at Dutch language students and students who have taken courses in Dutch in the previous years. For those interested in the translation of children's and juvenile fiction (and poetry written for children) of various degrees of complexity. Details to be discussed with Dutch-Writer-in-Residence. This course is by override only. [WL:3] (Van Kerkwijk)

492. Colloquium on Modern Dutch Culture and Literature. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

Creative Writing course touching on a variety of genres, including writing for children and even the arcane, nearly lost, art of the radioplay. The discussion of the students' work will be set against examples taken from Dutch and other mainly West-European literatures, and some recent American writing. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Van Kerkwijk)

495. Topics in Dutch Literature. Dutch 232 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The course will examine prose and poetry of both the Netherlands and Belgium. Issues like the influence of the Second World War, feminist writing, Dutch Indies Literature are among the many topics that will provide the students with material for discussion about authors, opinions, place and point of view of (modern) Dutch literature. In cooperation with the writer in residence, the student will have the unique opportunity to exchange ideas and opinions with the author about his works. The course will be conducted totally in Dutch. [Cost:2] (Broos)


German Courses (Division 379)

101. Elementary Course. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

First course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. The first-year program is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions, readings, and videos. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and an oral and written midterm and final. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:2] [WL:1,2]

102. Elementary Course. German 101 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

Second course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. See German 101 for a general description. [Cost:2] [WL:1,2]

103. Review of Elementary German. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed 100 or 102. (4). (FL).

Course for students who have had two to three years of high school German or one or more terms of college German not at the University of Michigan but who are not yet at second-year proficiency. This course is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions, readings, and videos. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and an oral and written midterm and final. These sections meet FIVE times per week. Students may enroll in 231 upon satisfactory completion of this course. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:2] [WL:1,2]

112. Second Special Reading Course. German 111 or the equivalent (placement test). (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read German for research purposes with the aid of a dictionary. Course content includes an intensive review of grammar and syntax followed by translations from texts in the humanities, the natural and social sciences. Choice of reading texts is determined in part by the composition of the class. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, one examination following the completion of the grammar review, one examination during the reading of scientific texts. The final examination requires the translation of sight passages with the aid of a dictionary. The course prerequisite is German 111 or a placement examination (CEEB, GSFLT, or departmental). Like German 111, German 112 is open only to graduate students and undergraduates in special programs. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Scholler)

113. Advanced Special Reading. Completion of German 112 with a "B" or the equivalent. (4). (Excl).

This course provides tutorial instruction and supervised reading of German in individual fields of specialization and interest. Accuracy and speed in reading and comprehension are improved through a developed greater skill in the interpretation of grammatical structure and in making logical choices when confronted by structural ambiguities. Required practice increases general and specialized vocabulary. Enhanced linguistic skill brings greater enjoyment and profit in the reading of German. Prerequisite is the completion of German 112 or an equivalent background. Course participants supply reading materials subject to the approval of the instructor. Access to an adequate dictionary is required. There are no examinations. [Cost:1] (Scholler)

230. Intensive Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 221, 222, 231, or 232. (8). (FL).

This course provides highly motivated students the opportunity to complete the two-term intermediate German sequence in one term. You will be expected to increase the level of accuracy at which you can express yourself and the range of situations in which you can function in German-speaking cultures. We will read and discuss a variety of brief fiction and non-fiction texts, e.g., fairy tales, short stories, newspaper and magazine articles. Toward the end of the term, we will read a longer literary work, DER RICHTER UND SEIN HENKER. There will be an extensive review of German grammar; however, the majority of the class time will be devoted to discussing the assigned texts and working on small group activities. Two films, MANNER and DIE VERLORENE EHRE DER KATHARINA BLUM, short videos, and contemporary German music will supplement traditional classroom instruction. There will be weekly quizzes on individual readings and grammatical features as well as a comprehensive midterm and final. You will also have to write and revise five 200-word compositions on topics of personal interest. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Denk)

231. Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or 221. (4). (FL).

First course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. The second-year program is designed to increase students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, writing, and reading German. Students are expected to increase the level of accuracy at which they can express themselves and the range of situations in which they can function in German-speaking cultures. They will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss a large variety of texts from commonly read West German periodicals. Traditional whole class instruction is supplemented with communicative activities involving pairs or small groups of students and with selections from the DEUTSCH DIREKT! video series. There are four hourly tests, a midterm, and a final examination. In addition, students give a three-minute oral presentation in German on a topic of personal interest and write three essays related to class readings. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:2] [WL:1,2]

232. Second-Year Course. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or 236. (4). (FL).

Second course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. See German 231 for a general description. The language of instruction is German. [Cost:2] [WL:1,2]

236. Scientific German. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 232. (4). (FL).

The purpose of this course is to provide basic practice in the reading and translation of texts primarily from the natural sciences. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation. Students will also select and translate an outside article in their field. Quizzes are given in addition to a final exam. Texts supplied by instructor. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Paslick)

325. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

The focus of this course is the development and refinement of idiomatic, grammatically correct and stylistically appropriate spoken and written German. The language of instruction is German, at all times. While we will review grammatical concepts as necessary, THIS IS NOT PRIMARILY A REVIEW COURSE. In addition to reading assignments, each student will prepare one oral presentation in German, and there will be composition assignments approximately every second week. Evaluation will be based on performance in class, oral reports, homework, and hourly exams. Required texts: SICHTWECHSEL. TEXT UND ARBEITSBUCH (both volumes are required for this class). You will also need a HIGH-QUALITY German-to-German dictionary (Please come to class before you buy any dictionary). [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Lippi-Green)

326. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

Section 001 This course is required for German concentrators. It is designed to increase students' proficiency in written and spoken German after completing the German 232 and 325 sequence or their equivalents. Texts will include recent articles on a variety of topics and modern short fiction. A review of grammar will accompany the writing assignments. Students will write essays once a week. The majority of class time will be devoted to discussing the assigned texts. Two oral presentations will be given during the term, each approximately for five minutes. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Grilk)

Section 002 German 326, a continuation of 325, is required for German concentrators. Except by special permission of the instructor, only students who have completed 325 should elect 326. The course is primarily intended to improve fluency and accuracy in written and spoken German. One hour each week is spent on a systematic grammar review including translation from English to German. The remaining class time is devoted to German conversation based on readings and topics chosen by both students and the instructor. A German essay of one to two pages is assigned approximately every week. Two brief oral presentations may be required. There will be a midterm and a final examination. Text: Cochran's GERMAN REVIEW GRAMMAR, 3rd edition. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Scholler)

Section 003 Required for German concentrators, this course is designed to refine students' proficiency in written and spoken German. Students will read and discuss a variety of authentic texts, e.g., old/new fairy tales, contemporary fiction, and culturally-oriented non-fiction materials. Grammatical points particularly troublesome to sixth-term students will be reviewed and practiced; however, the majority of class time will be devoted to discussing assigned texts and small group activities. Students will give two oral presentations (5-10 minutes) and write and revise six compositions (200-250 words). Each student will develop individualized writing and speaking objectives for the term. Video and audio recordings will supplement traditional classroom instruction. Grades: Compositions (30%), Oral Presentations/Class Participation (30%), Midterm (15%), and Final (25%). Texts: Cochran's GERMAN REVIEW GRAMMAR, 3rd edition; FACETTEN; and a course pack for supplemental readings and discussion topics. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Denk)

351. Business German. German 232. (3). (Excl).

The course is designed to introduce students to the terminology and practices of procedures used in German business, industry, trade, banking and insurance and the journals, newspapers and reports covering their activities. The subjects covered range from advertising to financial transactions and reports. The course is a continuation of German 350 which is not a prerequisite to 351. The text will consist of readings from actual German business reports and transactions taken from journals, newspapers and professional journals and advertising. The emphasis in the course will be on banking, commerce and international trade. There will be a selected list of outside reading in English such as William Manchester's THE ARMS OF KRUPP and others. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Fabian)

382. Nineteenth to Twentieth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (HU).

The texts provide an introduction to German dramas of the 19th and 20th centuries. These dramas reflect not only the main literary but also the significant cultural and political trends of the period. In conjunction with German 381, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be taken in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The emphasis is on the analysis of individual plays, but the instructor will include some biographical, literary and historical background. The texts are by Hauptmann, Schnitzler, Kaiser, Brecht, Durrenmatt and Frisch. The major language is German, but not exclusively. A term paper will be assigned. It may be in English. The final exam will consist of essay questions concerning the texts for the term. [WL:2,4] (Cowen)

383. German Lyric Poetry. German 232 or permission of department. (3). (HU).

This course introduces students with a few years of the language to German lyric poetry from the age of Goethe to the present. Of the two texts used, Echtermeyer and Wiese's DEUTSCHE GEDICHTE is an anthology, W. Kayser's KLEINE DEUTSCHE VERSSCHULE a primer of poetics. We will supplement the anthology by mimeographed materials and (for LIEDER settings) records and tapes. From the primer we will learn during the first half of the term some of the principles of metrics and traditional poetic forms. But the main purpose and the focus of the course is on the contrastive analysis and comparative interpretation of selected poems. The possibilities as well as the limits of interpretation and evaluation will be discussed. Published translations are to be criticized and our own English versions attempted. Method: Guided discussions (instructor will speak German, students have the choice) and occasional background lectures. Student evaluation: Two interpretive papers, a midterm, and a final exam, all to be done in English. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Seidler)

385. Short Fiction: Naturalism to the Present. German 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU).

The texts provide an introduction to German short stories and novellas of the twentieth century, from the periods before and between the world wars (Mann and Kafka) to recent prose fiction (Grass). In conjunction with German 381, 382, 383, or 384 this course can be taken in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The emphasis is on the analysis of the individual works, but some historical and literary background material will be included. The texts read in recent terms were by Kafka, Mann, Musil, Boll, Durrenmatt and Grass. The major language is German, but not exclusively. Two short interpretive papers will be assigned for the term; they may be in English or German. The final exam will consist of essay questions concerning the texts for the term. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Grilk)

426. Intermediate Composition and Conversation. German 425 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

In this course various approaches will be used to improve the student's proficiency. Since only German is used in this class, it cannot be taken in fulfillment of the ECB requirement. Written assignments include a weekly composition of at least two pages. Occasionally students are required to listen to a tape on the history and culture of the German-speaking countries and to use it as a departure point for an essay. Video cassettes will also be integrated into the course. Each student is expected to give a brief presentation and lead the subsequent discussion. The final grade is based on compositions as well as class participation. German 426 may be taken independently of German 425. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Weiss)

451. 16th and 17th Century Literature. Senior standing; or permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

A survey of 16th and 17th century literature. This course offers an introduction to the lively world of the Renaissance, to its manners and mores, its intellectual life, and the exciting new discoveries that mark the beginnings of modern times. On the basis of major literary works like the SHIP OF FOOLS, we gain first-hand insights into social and cultural activities, art, architecture, music, and the sciences. Readings from Martin Luther introduce us to the religious and philosophical turmoils of the period. Other readings include the Master Singers of Nuremberg, Baroque poetry, as well as an early comedy. A visit to the Rare Books Collection will help us trace the progress from manuscript to the invention of printing and the early development of the new media. Slides and tapes will augment lectures on art, architecture, and music. Each student will present an oral report of his own choice (in English). There is a final exam (no midterm). Prerequisite: German 325 or permission of instructor. (Dunnhaupt)

455. Nineteenth-Century German Fiction. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to introduce the students to significant works of German fiction of the nineteenth century. Particular attention will be given to the NOVELLE whose development during this period constitutes one of the major achievements of German literature. Works representing Romanticism (Tieck, Hoffmann), the BIEDERMEIERZEIT (Büchner, Gotthelf, Stifter), and Realism (Keller, Meyer, Storm, Fontane) will be explored. Lectures and discussions will be conducted in German. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Weiss)

472. German Literature from Its Beginning to the Present II. Two 300-level German literature courses or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course provides an overview that integrates the students' specialized knowledge of German writers, genres, and periods into a larger interdisciplinary context. The approach is three-fold: (1) Lectures in German sketch in the different philosophical, cultural, and socio-political backgrounds against which major literary works were created, certain genres flourish or disappeared, and literary movements arose; (2) a literary history is read as a supplement to lectures and discussions, and (3) German texts from all genres (poetry, drama, narrative prose) are read in their entirety. German 471 is devoted to German literature from its beginnings to the Enlightenment; German 472 covers STURM UND DRANG through contemporary literature. While identification of significant milestones in German literary history is important, greater emphasis is placed on students' ability to compare, contrast, and assimilate works of different authors, movements, and interdisciplinary influences, and on the development of the students' esthetic sensitivity, critical judgment, and imagination. [WL:2,4] (Cowen)

492. German Honors Proseminar. Senior Honors standing. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

German 492 can be elected only by students who have completed the Senior Honors Proseminar, German 491. In German 492, students write their Honors thesis on a topic of their own selection. Each student works under the supervision of a faculty member who has a research interest in the general area of the thesis topic. The grade is based on the quality of the thesis, which will be read by at least one faculty member in addition to the thesis director, and on the student's performance in an oral defense of the thesis before a faculty committee. An Honors citation is also awarded if the student's overall performance in 491 and 492 is judged to be of Honors caliber. [Cost:Independent Study purchase of books is students' affair] [WL:3] (Fries)

500. Introduction to Germanic Linguistics. (3). (Excl).

In the first part of the term we will address the questions: What are the major problems in Germanic linguistics? How do people work with them and why are they interesting? For the remainder of the term, we will explore (1) the identification of promising lines of research; (2) the development of working hypotheses; (3) research tools and sources of data; (4) methodology design and application; (5) responsible critical evaluation of published work. In this course the student should learn to consolidate theory with practical skills to initiate and execute independent research. We will read Sowinski's GRUNDLAGEN DES STUDIUMS DER GERMANISTIK in addition to extensive readings which will be made available in the department. There will be a great deal of library work associated with weekly assignments. Grades will be based on performance in class, on weekly assignments, and on a final writing project. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Lippi-Green)

German Literature and Culture in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of German.

242. Great Works of German Literature. (3). (HU).

THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: DISSOLUTION AND CONSOLIDATION. Reading and discussion of translations of major works of German literature in the context of European history since the late 19th Century. Focus on the effects of political and ideological dissolution on writers from the German-speaking countries, with attention to the historical moments of rupture (end of monarchy, two world wars, German division, etc.) and to contemporary developments in other arts of the time. Authors to be read include Musil, Thomas Mann, Rilke, Kafka, Kaiser, Brecht, Grass, Durrenmatt, Bachmann, and Christa Wolf. Seminar format (discussion and occasional lecture). Requirements: one or two oral reports, two papers (total 10-15 pages), and a final exam. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Fries)

320. German Expressionism in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; sophomores by permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will examine the intellectual, social, and literary and political events in Germany from 1900 to 1930. The subjects covered will include the various forms of art and how they relate to each other and to the cultural and political climate of Germany during that time. Special emphasis will be given to those aspects of the period which eventually proved to be of significant influence on American culture. The format of the course includes lectures and discussion. Included in the course will be the viewing of films of the most important film directors of the time such as Lubitsch, Land, Murnau, Wiene, Pabts, Lamprecht, and Ruttmann, and films indicative of the period but not generally available such as: SIEGFRIED, NOSFERATU, ROSKOLNIKOW, THE CURSED, PANDORA'S BOX, PITZ PALU, and SPIES, among others. A term paper or a final examination will be required. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Fabian)

331. Contemporary German Film. (3). (Excl).

VISIONS OF THE PAST: RE-PRESENTING HISTORY IN THE NEW GERMAN CINEMA. This course is designed to introduce the student to post-war German film as both industry and art. The films have been chosen not only because they are representative examples of a director's work or a particular genre, but also because each exemplifies an aspect of the re-presentation of history and historical consciousness particular to the post-war film industry in both the Federal Republic and the GDR. After an introductory lecture on the social, political, and economic context in which German film was revived after World War II, the course will proceed with 11 film screenings (study guides will be provided), a second screening (attendance optional but strongly encouraged), followed by a lecture and discussion. The lectures will focus on the film as a genre with cinematic specificity, though they will take into account the narrative frame suggested by the organizing "theme" of the course and the role of film as cultural artifact. The films will be chosen from the work of Alexander Kluge, Werner Herzog, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Wim Wenders, Helma Sanders-Brahms, Margarethe von Trotta, Jutta Bruckner, Ulrike Ottinger, and Dorris Dorrie. The films chosen raise a series of issues: the re-telling of World War II, terrorism in the late 60s and early 70s, the past, present, and future experience of women in the West and the East. Their forms span the experimental to the commercially successful. There will be a lab fee to cover the cost of film rentals. Students will write three 5-6 page papers. There are no prerequisites. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Simpson)

375/MARC 375/Rel. 375. Celtic and Nordic Mythology. (3). (Excl).

See Religion 375. (Beck)

442. Faust and the Faust Legend in English Translation. Junior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

We will begin the course by tracing the earliest versions of the Faust legend from the late Classical "myth of the Magus" to the sixteenth-century chapbooks. The main focus will be, however, the four central texts of the tradition: Marlowe's TRAGICALL HISTORY OF THE LIFE AND DEATH OF DOCTOR FAUSTUS, Goethe's FAUST, EINE TRAGOEDIE (both Parts; tr. Arndt), Thomas Mann's DOCTOR FAUSTUS: THE LIFE OF THE GERMAN COMPOSER ADRIAN LEVERKUEHN AS TOLD BY A FRIEND (tr. Lowe-Porter), and Mikhail Bulgakov's THE MASTER AND MARGARITA (tr. Glenny), and the fundamental theological, philosophical, aesthetic, and social issues they raise. Each session will begin with a brief presentation on the day's topic, but be devoted chiefly to discussion. This course may be used to fulfill the Junior-Senior ECB writing requirement. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Amrine)

449. Special Topics in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Section 001 WRITING THE OTHER: FEMALE FIGURATION FROM ROMANTICISM TO THE PRESENT. In this course, the theme of the "Other" and its inscription in German literature frames the reading of works from Goethe to Handke. The reading thematizes the division between the self the other which has become associated with other oppositions: active/passive, subject/object, good/evil, and male/female. The course material is organized around the "Other," which is embodied in a female figure, a rhetorical construct that is always illusive, sometimes empty, frequently unspeakable or unreadable. We will read the texts according to this thematic organization, but with attention to the rhetorical construction and inscription of female figuration in an attempt to solve what Freud calls "the riddle of the nature of femininity." The discussion will focus on the theme of sexual difference and its representation in literature. This theme is not specific to any particular genre; therefore the works we will read include novels, letters, diaries, poetry, drama, philosophy, novellas, and case studies. Readings include: Goethe's ELECTIVE AFFINITIES, Kleist's THE MARQUISE OF O..., Fontane's EFFI BRIEST, Kafka's "Letter to Felice," Musil's FIVE WOMEN, Freud's "Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria," Handke's "The Left-Handed Woman," Christa Wolf's THE QUEST FOR CHRISTA T, and Derrida's SPURS. There will be one short paper, one in-class presentation, a pre-paper outline and consultation in preparation for the final paper. There are no prerequisites. All readings and class discussions will be in English. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Simpson)


Scandinavian Courses (Division 471)

104. Elementary Swedish. Swedish 103. (4). (FL).

Second-term Swedish is intended for students with a previous knowledge of Swedish, up to a level of Swedish 103. The emphasis is placed on developing communicative language skills, both written and oral, review and extension of basic grammar. Oral, written and listening exercises will be employed in the classroom and the language lab. The textbook will be supplemented by newspaper articles, extracts from Swedish literature (prose and poetry), etc. The instruction will principally be in Swedish. Students are evaluated on the basis of examinations and class participation. Students needing Swedish 103 or the equivalent for entry into 104 can meet this prerequisite by passing an examination by the instructor. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Roth)

106. Elementary Danish. Danish 105. (4). (FL).

Second-term Danish is intended for students with some previous knowledge of the language up to the level of 105. The emphasis will be on the development of communicative language skills, but there will also be a review and an extension of the basic grammar introduced in Danish 105. Oral, written, and listening exercises will be used in class. The course will be taught on the basis of course pack, including newspaper articles, poems, and short stories by a.o. Benny Andersen, Stenbaek Jensen, Johannes Mollehave, Piet Hein, Tove Ditlevsen, Klaus Rifbjerg, and Anne Linnet. Students are evaluated on the basis of class participation and examination. The instructor is a native speaker. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Bom)

234. Second-Year Swedish. Swedish 233. (4). (FL).

Fourth-term Swedish is intended for students with a previous knowledge of Swedish up to a level of Swedish 233. The emphasis is placed on further developing on both oral and written communicative language skills, review and extension of Swedish grammar, Swedish literature and Swedish civics (history, politics, traditions, etc.). Extracts from Swedish novels, poems, newspaper articles, and documentary articles will be used. Oral, written, and listening exercises will be employed. All instruction will be in Swedish. Students are evaluated on the basis of examinations and class participation. Students needing Swedish 233 or the equivalent for entry into 234 can meet this prerequisite by passing an examination by the instructor. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Roth)

236. Second-Year Danish. Danish 235. (4). (FL).

Fourth-term Danish is intended for students with a previous knowledge of Danish up to a level of Danish 235. The course will continue the development of written and oral communicative skills, besides grammar review as introduced in Danish 235. Authentic readings are selected from Danish writers 1900-1990 (: Pontoppidan, Blixen, Branner, Martin A. Hansen, Vita Andersen). Danish civics (history, sociology, art, philosophy) are represented by names like Klovedal Reich, Malinovski, Hammerich, Holdt, Villy Sorensen. Instruction will be in Danish, and grades will be assigned on the basis of class participation, written essays, tests at regular intervals, and examination. Students who need Danish 235, or the equivalent, for entry into 236 may meet the prerequisite by passing an examination by the instructor. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Bom)

Scandinavian Courses in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of a Scandinavian language.

331. Introduction to Scandinavian Civilization. (3). (HU).

The course provides the opportunity to become acquainted with the society and culture of the modern states of Scandinavia: Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. There are no prerequisites, and no knowledge of a Scandinavian language is required. The course is open to everyone, but is required for concentration in Scandinavian Studies. It will deal with many aspects of Scandinavia, mostly contemporary. There will be a geographical overview, a short historical summary, and special lectures and readings on post-World War II Scandinavia, especially in those subjects where these countries have made important contributions to the rest of the world. Among the topics to be covered are politics, economics, social welfare, art and architecture, music, film, literature, drama, the media, emigration, and Scandinavian languages. The course will be a combination of lectures by the instructor and guests and discussions. A class report and term paper will be required, plus a final exam. The required textbook is SCANDINAVIA by Franklin Scott; other reserve readings will be added. [WL:1] (M. Marzolf)

413/Hist. of Art 413/Architecture 413. Architecture and Art of Scandinavia. (3). (Excl).

A study of the art and architecture of Scandinavia from ancient times to the present, with emphasis on contemporary developments. Upon completion of the course the student should be able to: 1). trace the chronological developments of Scandinavian architecture and art from its beginnings to the present; 2). identify the main styles, trends, and individuals of this development; and 3). relate this to the essential cultural, political, economic, and social factors in these countries. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (K. Marzolf)


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