ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

220/Asian Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the philosophical, contemplative, ritual and institutional heritage of the major Asian religious traditions. Hinduism (India), Confucianism and Taoism (China), Shinto (Japan), and Buddhism (India, Tibet, China, Japan) will be considered against their historical/cultural backgrounds, and against the background of human religiousness in general. To lend coherence to the vast and highly diverse field of study known as "Asian religions," in dealing with each religion we will focus on certain universal themes, such as death and the afterlife, world denying vs. world affirming ideals, and modes of religious expression in the so-called "great" (philosophical) vs. "little" (popular) traditions. There are three hours of lectures, and one discussion section per week, with use of slides and films. There is no prerequisite for the course, which is itself a prerequisite for intermediate and advanced courses in Asian religions, especially Buddhism. It also is required for concentration in the Program on Studies in Religion. Requirements will include a midterm and final exam, as well as short papers and quizzes. [Cost:2] [WL:4] (Stevenson)

406. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the student's primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). The course offers explanations in the phonology of literary Tibetan ("Lhasa Dialect"), nominal derivation, syntax of the nominal particles, verbal conjugation and suffixes, and the standard script (dbu-can). All reading exercises will be taken directly from classical sources. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Lopez)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Chinese 102 (Beginning Chinese) is a continuation of Chinese 101. The textbooks are BEGINNING CHINESE and BEGINNING CHINESE READER (Part I and II), both by John DeFrancis. Students are required to listen to tapes after class (at least 5 or 6 hours a week). We meet five hours a week two hours of lecture and three hours of drills. In Chinese 102 we do two lessons from BCR each week. Readings are longer than in Chinese 101 and will take much of a students time outside of class toward the end of the term. Students have to do question-answer sheets twice a week. Students are also required to memorize short dialogues similar to those we did in Chinese 101. Toward the end of the term students have to write a skit together with other students and their performance will be video-taped and their pronunciation will be graded. We have a test or quiz each week on Thursdays. In general the workload in Chinese 102 is much heavier than that in Chinese 101. NOTE: NO VISITORS ARE ALLOWED. [Cost:3] [WL:4] (Tao)

202. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 201. Its goals are twofold: (1) to achieve a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 900 characters and accompanying combinations. (2) to continue improving aural understanding and speaking competence. Classes are conducted solely in Chinese. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, weekly quizzes or tests, homework assignments, essays. The texts are INTERMEDIATE CHINESE and the movie script THE GREAT WALL. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Liang)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Chinese (UM courses 101 through 202, or equivalent course at another institution). The purpose of the course is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first and second year Chinese. This is done through conversation, presentation of brief speeches and stories, discussion of materials read and of fellow students' presentations, and through out-of-class preparation for these activities. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Liang)

406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 405. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, ADVANCED SPOKEN CHINESE). Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form.

432. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 431 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 431. It is intended for students who have an interest in the field of social sciences as it applies to China. Though the skills of reading original Chinese articles which focus on politics, economy, diplomacy, history, and cultures are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields and to help students do their research using Chinese materials. Contemporary Chinese texts are read and discussed in Chinese. Cost:1. WL:3. (Qian)

452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of the introductory term of literary Chinese. We continue to read in a variety of texts covering all premodern periods. Further practice is aimed at improving understanding of the structure of literary Chinese, introductory practice in dictionaries and other aids to interpretation, better familiarity with important grammatical particles. Supplementary areas of concern include policies and problems in using literary Chinese in research, problems of translation, and the general evolution of styles in the literary tradition. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (DeWoskin)

462. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 461 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is continuation of Chinese 461. In addition to building vocabulary we will concentrate on improving reading ability with the aim of allowing students to read original materials with less reliance on a dictionary. Students will also practice discussion on the readings in Chinese. Readings will be chosen from a variety of sources, depending partly on the interests of the students. They will include 20th century fiction and essays on various topics from both Taiwan and Mainland China. There will be frequent translation and composition assignments. The class will be conducted largely in Chinese. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Qian)

469/Phil. 469. Later Chinese Thought (A.D. 220-1849) Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

The China that we know today owes much to nearly six centuries of Neo-Confucian orthodoxy (1313-1905). The course examines this philosophical foundation of the Chinese cultural legacy, and also those aspects of Neo-Taoism and Chinese Buddhism from which it drew. The time period covered by the course is from the third century A.D. to roughly the end of the eighteenth century, just prior to the Western impact. Special attention is devoted to the Sung period. Some lectures are on the social environment in which the philosophers emerged, and on the influence of the philosophies on religion and the arts. One of three sequential courses on the history of Chinese thought (468, 469, 505), though it does not require either as prerequisite. Midterm, final examination, and preparation of an annotated bibliography. Mainly lectures, though there will be some student participation in a seminar-like setting. Readings in translation. Students wishing the equivalent of an extra hour per week of readings in original Sung texts should enroll in Philosophy/Chinese 617. (Munro)

475/Asian Studies 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

See RC Humanities 475. (Lin)

505/Phil. 505. Modern Chinese Thought. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Philosophy 505. (Munro)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two KANA syllabaries (KATAKANA and HIRAGANA) and elementary characters (KANJI) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE: PART I (with accompanying audio course set). [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Oshiro, Kozuka, Staff).

202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers and essays in response to questions about these texts. Approximately 400 of the essential characters are covered. Discussions of the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to attend 6 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 4 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE: PART II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, READING JAPANESE. WL:1 (Ohara, Staff)

250. Calligraphy. Japanese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.

In this course students will learn the art of Japanese Calligraphy. Students who have taken the course previously will be permitted to enroll in the course and will learn intermediate or advanced calligraphy. (You may take the course up to three times for credit). Materials will be available on the first day of class; however, students are encouraged to purchase their own calligraphy sets (approximately $20.00). Students are also required to pay a paper fee of approximately $5.00. Please bring 2 days of newspapers to the first day of class. The first class meeting will be Monday, January 14, 1991. Cost:1. . (Shinohara)

379. Advanced Spoken Japanese II. Japanese 378 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of two credits.

Advanced Spoken Japanese II is a continuation of work begun in Japanese 378, and will include instruction in lecturing, speechmaking, and storytelling, with an emphasis on both the preparation of material and improving on oral delivery. The class will also address sociocultural differences and difficulties Americans have integrating into the Japanese environment. The course meets 1 hour per week. Students are expected to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of 2 hours for each class hour. Cost:1. WL:3. (Nakai)

402. Japanese Literature in Translation: Edo and Modern Periods. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

The course will examine the various forms of Japanese literature in the Edo period (1600-1868) haiku, prose fiction, puppet plays, and Kabuki drama. It will also introduce the student to the rise of the modern psychological novel beginning in the Meiji period (1868-1912) and will focus on the great works of modern Japanese fiction from the Meiji era to the present, including the novels of Natsume Soseki, Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, and the Nobel Laureate Kawabata Yasunari. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. [Cost:5] [WL:1] (Ito)

406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 405 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Texts are Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE: PART III; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, READING JAPANESE; selected reading materials for Third-Year Japanese. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Unedaya, Staff)

408. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 407. (4). (Excl).

This course introduces students to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. It aims to help the student develop precision in reading comprehension through close reading, translation exercises, and class discussions in Japanese. Assignments will be paced to build reading speed. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other research aids effectively. Requirements include a midterm and a final, as well as occasional papers and written translations. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Ito)

414. Accelerated Readings in Japanese. Japanese 102 or 361 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Japanese 414 (Accelerated Readings in Japanese is a continuation of work begun in the Fall Term. It is designed for students who have proficiency in another Asian language and wish to attain reading competence in scholarly Japanese in the shortest practical time. Within two terms, all basic grammar is reviewed or introduced and extensive reading practice is emphasized to build vocabulary and skills with dictionaries and related reading aid. (Ohara)

416. Communicative Competence for Japan Oriented Careers. Japanese 406, 411 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Topics include: Introductions, Self-Introductions, Exchanging Namecards, Organization, Business Travel, Meetings, Bureaucracy, Distribution, Expansion, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of moderately difficult texts, newspaper articles, and news broadcasts. Texts: Kazuyo Otani, Patricia Wetzel and Robert Sukle, JAPANESE LANGUAGE FOR BUSINESS. [Cost:2] [WL:2] (Nakai)

417. Communicative Competence for Japan-Oriented Careers II. Japanese 406, 411, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Japanese 416, and stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Topics include: Introductions, Corporate and Bureaucratic Organization, Business Travel, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of moderately difficult texts and news broadcasts. The course meets 3 hours per week. Students are expected to practice with audio/video tapes for a minimum of 2 hours for each class hour. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Nakai)

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 and 402. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.

This course enables students to read and discuss Japanese literature in a seminar setting. Readings (in translation) vary from year to year, but the focus is primarily on fiction. The course offers advanced work in the rich diversity of one of the world's great literary traditions (as introduced in the Japanese 401-402 sequence). This course can be use to fulfill the Junior/Senior ECB Writing Requirement. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. Prerequisites: Japanese 401 and 402. Contact the department for a list of works to be covered by the instructor. Cost:2. WL:3. (Mizumura)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the acquisition of specialized terminology and clarification of problems which arise in understanding these readings. Students are required to attend three hours of class a week. Homework includes a minimum of two hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare the readings so they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. There are also Japanese essay assignments on the readings covered in class. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Unedaya)

541. Classical Japanese. Japanese 406 and 408, or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

An introduction to the classical written language, with emphasis upon grammar, syntax, and various classical written styles. A reading knowledge of modern Japanese (equivalent to at least three years of study) is a prerequisite. Class meetings are devoted to reading, translating from Japanese into English, and grammatical analysis. A selection of literary works from the tenth century through the sixteenth century is read, with stress on accurate translation, close analysis of grammatical structure, and careful attention to literary qualities. This course is required of graduate concentrators in Japanese and is a prerequisite (with Japanese 542) to advanced work in pre-modern Japanese literature. It is also highly recommended to graduate students of pre-modern Japanese history, Japanese art history, Buddhism, etc. It may also be taken by undergraduates with sufficient advanced preparation in the modern language. Cost:2. WL:4. (Ramirez-Christensen)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Training in the reading and interpretation of the major forms of pre-modern Japanese poetry, from the WAKA and CHOKA through RENGA, HAIKAI, and HAIKU. The texts will vary from one term to another, but will generally follow a chronological sequence from the ancient to the Tokugawa period. While emphasis will be on developing a working familiarity with the rhetorical structures of classical poetry, modern commentaries will also be consulted in order to acquire a knowledge of Japanese scholarship on the subject.

Topic for Winter 1991: RENGA and RENGARON. The practitioner-oriented, collective art of linked-verse (RENGA) composition was the dominant poetic genre of medieval Japan. Readings will include hundred-verse sequences, Muromachi-period commentaries, and critical treatises. Issues to be addressed are the practice of group authorship and the dialogic principle; the renga concept of non-linear poetic structure; the uses of the classical court tradition; and the influence of Buddhist philosophy in renga theory and practice. Prerequisite: three years of modern Japanese or the equivalent, and two terms of BUNGO or permission of the instructor. Cost:2. (Ramirez-Christensen)

554. Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 408 or permission of instructor. (3 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Visiting Assistant Professor Minae Mizumura will offer this graduate seminar in Modern Japanese Literature in the Winter Term 1991. A complete course description, including works to be covered, will be available in the department office in early December. Prerequisites: Japanese 406 and 408, or permission of the instructor. Cost:2. WL:3. (Mizumura)

Courses in Korean (Division 409)

102. Beginning Korean. Korean 101 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

The textbook for Korean 102 (Beginning Korean) is MASTERING KOREAN by Francis N. Park. We plan to cover through unit eighteen from the textbook during the Winter Term. In Korean 102 we do one unit in a period of slightly less than two weeks. We meet five hours a week (two hours of lecture and three hours of recitation). Students are required to listen to tapes after class (at least three hours a day) and to memorize basic dialogues. Korean 102 continues to emphasize speaking ability and mastering of Hankul, the Korean national writing system. We normally have written quizzes (on aural comprehension and grammar) after every two units and separate quizzes on the writing system. Generally, the students who are going to take a Korean course should keep in mind that Korean is a very difficult language for speakers of English, and its learning will require considerably more work than learning (for example) German or French. (Vovin, Hyun)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (Division 483)

Language Courses

102(302). Beginning Thai. S&SEA 102 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

This course is the second half of the sequential Elementary Thai courses. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills speaking, listening, reading and writing. The emphases are on practicing pronunciation and simple conversation, reading and writing simple Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. Four hours of language lab per week are recommended. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Brown)

104(304). Beginning Indonesian. S&SEA 103 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final examination. [Cost:1] [WL:5] (Florida)

106(306). Elementary Hindi-Urdu. (4). (FL).

South and Southeast Asia 105/106 is the first year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu, the respective national languages of India and Pakistan. Meeting four times a week, the course is intended to develop students' skills in speaking and in aural comprehension as well as introduce them to the Devanagari writing system. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes and examinations. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Taj)

108(308). Beginning Tagalog. S&SEA 107 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have a functional acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Naylor)

202(402). Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 201 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

This course is the second half of the sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice pronunciation and conversation as well as reading and writing. Four hours of language lab per week are recommended. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm and final exams. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Brown)

204(404). Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 203. (5). (FL).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Florida)

206(406). Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205. (4). (FL).

South and Southeast Asia 205/206 is the second year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu. Meeting four times a week, the course is intended to increase students' skills in speaking and comprehension as well as introduce them to the Nastaliq writing system used for Urdu. They will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and writing the Devanagari script. Students with strong background in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. Evaluation is based on attendance, written assignments, and examinations. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Hook, Taj)

208(434). Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 207 or equivalent. (3). (FL).

This is a two-term sequence in which the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog expands his knowledge, develops fluency, and becomes acquainted with Tagalog literature. While the oral approach continues, there is much greater emphasis on reading and writing and much heavier cultural content in the materials read. In the first term, one meeting a week is devoted to the study of grammar. The rest of the time is spent in oral reading (dramatization) of a series of story episodes in dialogue form, translation, question-and-answer on content, and discussion of the linguistic and cultural aspects of each episode. Written homework is regularly assigned. To complement the grammar lessons and the dialogues, tapes are available at the Language Laboratory. There will be occasional quizzes, a midterm, and a final. We have conversation hour once a week throughout the term. The second term is essentially a continuation of the first. Instead of dialogues, however, we read narratives and essays and instead of studying grammar separately, we integrate it with work on the readings which provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points. At the end of the second year, the student should have acquired (a) sufficient competence to handle casual conversation, write brief letters, read texts of low to medium complexity, and (b) a broader knowledge of the culture that the language is an expression of and in which the language functions. Cost:1. WL:1. (Naylor)

306(506). Advanced Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205 and 206. (3). (Excl). May be elected twice for a total of six credits.

South and Southeast Asia 305/306 is the third year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu. Meeting three hours a week, the course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing both Hindi and Urdu. Students with prior work in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. Evaluation is based on written homework assignments, quizzes, and examinations. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Hook)

310(508). Advanced Sanskrit. S&SEA 309. (3). (FL).

This course continues work on advanced grammar of classical Sanskrit and also involves reading simple stories, parts of Sanskrit dramas and other similar classical literary texts. The goal of the course is to prepare the student to read non-technical classical Sanskrit. (Deshpande)

402(502). Advanced Thai. S&SEA 401 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).

This course is the second half of the two course sequence of Advanced Thai. The course is designed to improve students' proficiency in speaking, reading, writing and comprehension of the Thai language. The course is flexible and tailored to suit students' needs and interests. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Brown)

404(504). Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 403. (4). (Excl).

The course is the second of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The coursework is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian Literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests and a final exam or project. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Florida)

310(508). Advanced Sanskrit. S&SEA 309. (3). (FL).

This course continues work on advanced grammar of classical Sanskrit and also involves reading simple stories, parts of Sanskrit dramas and other similar classical literary texts. The goal of the course is to prepare the student to read non-technical classical Sanskrit. (Deshpande)

464. Advanced Readings of Modern Indonesian Texts II. S&SEA 404 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to introduce the student to critical readings of Modern Indonesian texts. A reading and speaking knowledge of Modern Indonesian is prerequisite. With an emphasis on text analysis, the student is required to produce critical commentaries on (and sometimes translations of) selected passages from a variety of texts. The commentaries will be written in Indonesian. The course is run as a seminar with discussion conducted in Indonesian. Evaluation is based on the written assignments and classroom performance. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Florida)

Literature Courses

461. Southeast Asian Literature. (3). (Excl).

AN INVESTIGATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES THROUGH THE LITERATURE. The course will begin with a historical survey of the major Southeast Asian literatures, but the emphasis will be on the act of translation as the primary mode of understanding distant texts. Close comparison of original texts and their translations reveal profound differences in structures, speech acts, rhetorical moves, categories of nature, and the communities shaped by them. Techniques for describing these differences will be taken from the works of Kenneth Burke, Clifford Geertz, Erving Goffman, Gregory Bateson, and M.M. Bakhtin. Southeast Asian texts to be examined will include, among others, Burmese poetry, Javanese shadowplays, Malay proverbs, and Indonesian fiction. (Becker)

Courses in Asian Studies (Division 323)

112/History 152. Southeast Asian Civilization. (4). (SS).

This course offers an introduction to the culture and history of Southeast Asia, one of the world's most variegated cultural zones and an area of repeated and intense international conflict. Geographic coverage will include Vietnam, Burma, and Thailand on the mainland, and Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines in the islands. Students will examine the glory and decline of ancient Southeast Asian civilizations; the colonial transformation of the region; the rise of nationalism; and recurrent post-1945 tensions. Other topics will include: the role of religion, including Buddhism and Islam, in contemporary Southeast Asia; Chinese immigration; and recent economic trends. The course assumes no prior knowledge of Southeast Asia. (Lieberman)

122/History 122. Modern Transformation of East Asia. (4). (SS).

See History 122. (Murphey)

220/Buddhist Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

See Buddhist Studies 220. (Lopez)

381. Junior/Senior Colloquium for Concentrators. Junior or senior standing and concentration in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).

WORLD WAR II IN ASIA. This course is open only to concentrators in the Asian Studies Program. It may serve to satisfy the College's Junior/Senior Writing Requirement. The work will consist of readings, discussions, and the writing and re-writing of papers. (Young)

395. Honors Seminar. Honors candidate in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).

Honors students in Asian Studies should use this course number for their Honors thesis, but will normally work with whatever faculty member is closest to the subject of the thesis.

428/Econ. 428/Phil. 428/Pol. Sci. 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. Not recommended for Asian Studies concentrators. (4). (Excl).

See Political Science 428. (Oksenberg)

441. Asia Through Fiction. (3). (Excl).

This course deals with selected novels and short stories by Asian writers and Westerners writing about Asia. It attempts to compare different perspectives on the Asian scene and particularly focuses on East/West interactions. Course readings center on India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China. Four short essays are required which take the place of an examination. The class is usually small enough to function as a group discussion, which considers also the Asian context, but regular attendance is necessary, and careful attention ON SCHEDULE to the readings. There are several evening opportunities to sample Asian cuisine and films. Writers dealt with include Narayan, Greene, Mishima, Forster, Kipling, Conrad, Tanizaki, Orwell, Markandaya, Buck, Lu Hsun, and others. (Murphey)

475/Chinese 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

See RC Humanities 475. (Lin)


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