Courses in Chemistry (Division 334)

The Chemistry Department has three types of courses available for students starting out toward careers in any of the sciences, engineering, or medicine. Students are placed into these courses according to the results of the tests in chemistry and mathematics that they take during orientation. In addition there are two distribution course, Chemistry 101, usually offered in the Fall Term and Chemistry 100, usually in the Winter Term.

For students interested in the sciences, engineering or medicine, either Chemistry 130 or Chemistry 210/211 can be their starting point. Students who have had a strong course in high school (which may include AP credit in chemistry) are advised to start in Chemistry 210 and 211, the laboratory course that accompanies it. Chemistry 130 is recommended for all other students. Section 400 of Chemistry 130 is reserved for students who would benefit from a smaller lecture section and more frequent contact with both senior faculty and teaching assistants.

Students who have had little or no laboratory work in high school should plan to elect Chemistry 125 with Chemistry 130. other students electing Chemistry 130 may postpone laboratory to a subsequent term.

100(140). Chemistry: A Search to Understand. Not intended for students with extensive background in chemistry. Not open to students with AP credit in chemistry or the equivalent. (4). (NS).

A person living in a western country today is constantly bombarded with chemical information, most of it associated with warnings of dire consequences. Yet most people do not have the scientific background necessary to evaluate this information correctly and, if need be, respond to it as informed consumers and citizens. A lake has a pH of 5. Is this good or bad? How are the Styrofoam containers used by fast food restaurants connected to the disappearance of the ozone layer? And how is the disappearance of the ozone layer connected to an increase in skin cancer? What are polyunsaturated fats and why are they supposed to be better for you than saturated fats? Can a margarine be rich in polyunsaturated fats? These are all questions with large chemical components. This course is designed for the student who is intellectually curious about such questions but who does not plan to major in one of the physical or biological sciences. No previous background in chemistry is necessary. The course uses three discussion periods, and one 3-hour laboratory to explore the ways in which chemists develop models to explain the chemical changes that they observe, how they test these models, and how they change them as more and different experimental data become available. The content of the course is broadly based ranging from the theory of atomic structure to compounds of biological interest. While some calculations will be necessary, the primary emphasis will be on a qualitative understanding of phenomena and a reasoning by analogy to make predictions about new phenomena. Students may help to shape the content of the course by suggesting topics of particular interest to themselves for discussion. In the laboratory students will do simple experiments that allow them to experience the curiosity that is aroused by actually causing and observing chemical transformations. They will also learn simple analytical techniques that will allow them to answer questions such as which dyes are present in food colorings or how much Vitamin C is in their orange juice. Most of the work for this course will be done during class and laboratory hours. This class does not require extensive outside reading. The course will have three hourly examinations and a final examination. Students will also be asked to write a short (3-10 pages) paper on some topic of their choice. [Cost:2] [WL:2] (Griffin)

125. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Laboratory. To be elected by students who have completed Chem. 123 or are eligible for (or enrolled in) Chem. 124. (2). (NS).

This laboratory course can be elected with, or following, Chem 126, 130, or 230. It is intended that students planning to enroll in Chem 130 that have had little or no previous chemistry laboratory enroll concurrently in Chem 125. The focus of this guided inquiry laboratory is to foster critical thinking that allows students to design, perform, and interpret experiments. An emphasis is placed on what constitutes valid data and provides the burden of proof for testing hypotheses and theories. In addition, the student acquires technical skills that are required for further advancement in experimental sciences. Although an ability to collect and analyze data in a quantitative manner is developed, the emphasis of the course is to provide a qualitative understanding of the basic concepts of chemistry. This is accomplished by demonstrating that chemical principles are derived from experimental data. The format of the course is organized into three sections. Pre-laboratory reading and questions are completed prior to the four-hour laboratory. The second component is performance in the laboratory. The third begins in the last hour of the laboratory where individual data are shared, evaluated, and discussed. Students then provide a laboratory report based on the combined data of the section. A one-hour lecture provides support for the topics that are investigated in the laboratory. Microcomputer simulations also supplement the student's laboratory experience. There are two one-hour written examinations, scheduled for Tuesday evenings, that constitute 25% of the grade. The remaining 75% of the grade is based on the acquired in the laboratory points. Refer to the Time Schedule for examination dates and times. [Cost:2] [WL:2] (Kerner)

130. General Chemistry: Macroscopic Investigations and Reaction Principles. Three years of high school math or Math. 105; one year of high school chemistry recommended. Placement by testing, or permission of Chemistry department. Intended for students without AP credit in chemistry. (3). (NS).

This General Chemistry course is intended to fulfill the one term chemistry requirement for students interested in science, or as a natural science elective for non-science concentrators. This course may also be used as the first term in a four or more term chemistry sequence (probably 130, 210/211, 215/216, 340 etc.) for science concentrators and pre-professional students. Chemistry 130 is intended for students without AP credit in Chemistry. Chemistry 130 provides an introduction to the major concepts of chemistry, including the microscopic picture of atomic and molecular structure, periodic trends in the chemical reactivity, the energetics of chemical reactions and the nature of chemical equilibria. Students will be introduced both to the fundamental principles of modern chemistry and to the underlying theories that account for observed macroscopic behavior. In Chem 130, students will learn to think critically, examine experimental data, and form generalizations about data as chemists do. Chem 130 will meet three times each week in lecture sections with senior faculty and once a week in small group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants (the Comprehensive Study Program discussion class will meet three times a week). Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for after class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, 3 one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

The CSP discussion section is intended for those students who would benefit from more group study meetings with a graduate teaching assistant. Permission of the Comprehensive Studies Program is needed for enrollment in this section.

210. Structure and Reactivity I. High school chemistry. Placement by examination during Orientation. To be taken with Chem. 211. (4). (NS).

Chemistry 210 is the first course in a two-term sequence in which the major concepts of chemistry are introduced in the context of organic chemistry. Emphasis is on the development of the capacity of students to think about the relationship between structure and reactivity and to solve problems in a qualitatively analytical way. This course is a particularly good first course for students with AP credit in chemistry, Honors students and other students with a strong interest in chemistry and biology. The course has three lectures with the professor and one hour of discussion with a teaching assistant per week. There are three hour examinations. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates.

The intensive lecture section (210-200) is intended for those students who would benefit from a smaller lecture section (maximum 72 students), more lectures so that the pace is slower, and more feedback. Most students from Chem 130-400 should plan to be in 210-200. Admission to 210-200 is by advisor permission Cost:3 WL:2 (Ege, Lawton)

211. Investigations in Chemistry. To be taken with Chem. 210. (1). (NS).

Chemistry 211 is an laboratory introduction to methods of investigation in inorganic and organic chemistry. Students solve individual problems using microscale equipment and a variety of techniques such as thin layer chromatography, titrations, and spectroscopy. The course consists of a four-hour laboratory period with a teaching assistant under the supervision of the professor. Students keep laboratory notebooks, which also serve as laboratory reports. Grades are based on performance in the laboratory and the laboratory notebooks. Cost:1 WL:2 (Lawton, Ege, Staff)

215. Structure and Reactivity II. Chem. 210, 211. To be taken with Chem. 216. (3). (NS).

This is a Collegiate Fellows course; see page 3 for a complete list of Collegiate Fellows courses and the Time Schedule for details of time and place.

The emphasis on thinking about structure and reactivity started in Chemistry 210 is continued in Chemistry 215, with the student learning to analyze more complicated structures, ultimately being able to understand and predict the reactivity of large molecules of biological importance, such as carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. The course has three examinations and a final examination. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Coppola and Staff)

216. Synthesis and Characterization of Organic Compounds. Chem. 210, 211. Must be taken with Chem. 215. (2). (NS).

Chemistry 216 builds on the experimental approach started in Chemistry 211. Students participate in planning exactly what they are going to do in the laboratory by being given general goals and directions that have to be adapted to fit the specific project they will be working on. They use microscale equipment, which requires them to develop manual dexterity and care in working in the laboratory. They also evaluate the results of their experiments by checking for identity and purity using various chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. Students will be expected to keep a laboratory notebook that will serve as the basis for their laboratory reports. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Coppola and Staff)

219(319). Independent Study. Permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 4 credits.

Research in an area of interest to, and supervised by, a Departmental faculty member. The Chemistry Department encourages students to get involved with undergraduate research as early as possible. The Advising Office, 2035 Chemistry Building, provides information and help to students in meeting with faculty members to discuss research opportunities. Exact details such as nature of the research, level of involvement of the student, credit hours awarded and criteria for grading are individually determined in consultation with the faculty member. The student is expected to put in at least three hours a week of actual work for a 14-week term for each credit hour elected. At the end of each term, three copies of a written report are submitted, one for the Advising Office, one for the student, and one for the faculty supervisor.

For a student to receive Chemistry credit for Chemistry 219, the student must work on a research project supervised by a faculty member of the Chemistry Department, either alone, or in collaboration with a colleague within the department, from another department, or from another school. This collaboration must be an ongoing one, and the student must receive direct supervision by all of the faculty who have agreed to sponsor the project. Final evaluation of the research effort and the report, as well as the grade for the course, rests with the faculty member from the Chemistry Department. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

225. Organic Chemistry. Chem. 126 or 197 or 348. (4). (NS).

This course is the first of a two term lecture sequence in the basic principles of organic chemistry. It is elected by preprofessional students and by chemistry concentrators. Chemistry 225/226 requires skill in spatial relations, the ability to organize information carefully and the ability to recognize important concepts. Chemistry 225, which establishes the conceptual framework upon which Chemistry 226 is based, describes the relationship between structure, energy and chemical reactivity. There are three lectures each week and one-hour discussion. The course grade is determined by a student's scores on three one-hour examinations, quiz grades, and a final examination. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

226. Organic Chemistry. Chem. 225; and concurrent enrollment in Chem. 227. (3). (NS).

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 225 and emphasizes functional group chemistry and synthesis. Some attention is given to biological systems and to the chemistry of natural products, especially the chemistry of carbohydrates and proteins. The course format is three lectures each week, and the final grade is based on three one-hour examinations and a final examination. [Cost:1] [WL:2]

227. Organic Chemistry Laboratory. Chem. 225. (2). (NS).

This course is a one term introduction to organic laboratory techniques and enables students to experience organic chemistry as a real science. Chemistry 227 is usually elected concurrently with Chemistry 226 and reinforces concepts developed in Chemistry 225/226 lectures. Wet chemical methods are emphasized, but there is some opportunity to identify organic materials or components of mixtures with the help of spectroscopic information. The course grade is based upon laboratory work and written examinations. [Cost:4] [WL:2]

230. Physical Chemical Principles and Applications. Chem. 215 or permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chem. 340. (3). (NS).

This General Chemistry course is intended as the fourth term in chemistry for science concentrators and pre-professional students, completing the 2-year chemistry sequence required by for example, the medical, dental, and engineering programs. Chemistry 230 does not have a calculus prerequisite. Students who plan to continue beyond a fourth term in chemistry would typically enroll in Chemistry 340 instead of Chemistry 230; credit will not be given for both of these courses. In Chemistry 230, students will be introduced to the physical principles underlying some of the major topics of inorganic and analytical chemistry. We will study the liquid and solid states of matter, phase transitions, solutions, electrochemistry, coordination complexes, spectroscopy and the principles of thermodynamics that explain observed chemical reactions. These topics will be treated from the viewpiont of the experimental scientist, with an emphasis on the application of chemical principles to a wide range of professions. Chemistry 230 will meet three times each week in lecture sections with senior faculty and once a week in small group discussion classes led by graduate teaching assistants (the Comprehensive Study Program discussion class will meet three times a week). Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours for after class help, and computerized study aids will be available to all students. Course grades will be determined from discussion class evaluation, 3 one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates. [Cost:2] [WL:2]

The CSP discussion section is intended for those students who would benefit from more group study meetings with a graduate teaching assistant. Permission of the Comprehensive Studies Program is needed for enrollment in this section.

302. Inorganic Chemistry: Principles of Structure, Reactivity, and Function. Chem. 215 and 216, or permission of instructor. (3). (NS).

This course in Inorganic Chemistry is intended to introduce students to the properties of the elements that they form. The course should be used by students concentrating in chemistry, chemical engineering or cellular and molecular biology as the third in the four term sequence Chemistry 210/211, 215/216, 302 and 340. This course will provide an introduction to the structure and properties of those elements other than carbon. Topics that will be included are the electronic structure of atoms, molecules and extended solids, bonding, periodicity, main group and transition element chemistry, catalysis and bioinorganic chemistry. Several lectures will be devoted to novel and emergent concepts and phenomena, such as, for example, ceramic superconductors, fundamental and applied chemistry of organometallics, inorganic polymers and materials chemistry. Chemistry 302 will meet for one hour, three times each week with a senior faculty member and once a week with a teaching assistant in groups of approximately 25. Lecturers and teaching assistants will have scheduled office hours. Course grades will be determined from one-hour in class exams and a final examination. See Time Schedule for examination times and dates. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Evans)

312. Synthesis and Characterization. Chem. 215 and 216. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 302. (2). (Excl).

Chemistry 312 introduces students to advanced techniques used in the synthesis, purification, and characterization of inorganic and organic compounds. The course emphasizes methods for handling air-sensitive material such as organo-metallic compounds, and includes syringe techniques, working under vacuum or inert gas atmospheres, vacuum distillations as well as various chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. The course meets in two 4-hour laboratory periods. Some of that time may be used for discussion of techniques and principles. Grades are based on laboratory performance. [Cost:2] [WL:2]

340. Principles of Physicochemical Measurements and Separations. Math. 116 or 114, Chem. 215/216. Prior enrollment in Chem. 302 is recommended but not required. Credit nor granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chem. 230. (5). (NS).

Chemistry 340 is a continuation of Chemistry 130, 210/211, 215/216, and is designed primarily for students in the biological and chemical sciences. The course emphasizes fundamental physical principles and analytical applications of thermochemistry, equilibria, kinetics, separations and spectroscopy. The physical chemistry underlying many important analytical procedures is developed in lecture. Analytical applications are further developed through laboratory experience and include computer acquisition and analysis of experimental data, modern physicochemical measurements, and techniques used in chemical separations. The course has 3 lectures, one hour of lab discussion and 7 hours of laboratory per week. Grading is based on performance on hour examinations, problems sets, a final examination and in the laboratory. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

365. Principles of Physical Chemistry. Chem. 126 or 196; Physics 140 and 141 or 190; and prior or concurrent enrollment in Math. 215 or 285. (4). (Excl).

A one-term lecture course in physical chemistry primarily designed for engineering students other than those enrolled in chemical engineering. The course consists of the study of chemical thermodynamics and reaction kinetics. [Cost:3] [WL:2,3] (Bartell)

397. Honors Physical Chemistry. Chem. 396 and permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The second of a two-term lecture sequence in physical chemistry primarily for students in Honors Chemistry degree programs. GENERAL SCOPE: the study of matter from a microscopic viewpoint. SPECIFIC TOPICS: quantum chemistry; molecular structure and spectroscopy; crystallography; kinetic theory of gases; chemical kinetics. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Francis)

399. Honors Introduction to Research. Permission of a chemistry concentration adviser and the professor who will supervise the research. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 4 credits during junior or senior year.

Usually elected starting in the junior or senior year, this course is a requirement for Honors Chemistry students who must elect it for a total of four credits spread out over two or more terms. Non-Honors students are also encouraged to elect the course for a total of up to four credits. The student is expected to put in at least three hours a week of actual work for each credit hour elected. At the end of each term, a written report evaluating the progress of the project is submitted; one copy to the faculty member, one copy for the Advising Office and one copy for the student. Interim reports need not be lengthy, but the final report for Chemistry 399 is expected to be more detailed and longer than the reports in 219, and for the Honors student, will be the Honors thesis.

For a student to receive Chemistry credit for Chemistry 399, the student must work on a research project supervised by a faculty member of the Chemistry Department, either alone, or in collaboration with a colleague within the department, from another department, or from another school. This collaboration must be an ongoing one, and the student must receive direct supervision by all of the faculty who have agreed to sponsor the project. Final evaluation of the research effort and the report, as well as the grade for the course, rests with the faculty member from the Chemistry Department. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

403. Inorganic Chemistry. Chem. 197 or 348, or 346 and 347, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 469. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with the development and use of various theories, concepts, and models useful in explaining reactivity and structures of inorganic systems. Descriptive chemistry will also be discussed systematically within such a framework. Students will be responsible for assigned material from the text as well as additional selections from reserved material in the Chemistry Library. Text: To be announced. [Cost:3] [WL:1]

447. Physical Methods of Analysis. Chem. 197 or 348, and 225. (3). (Excl).

The course introduces the student to the principles and techniques of modern analytical chemistry. Atomic and molecular spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and chromatographic separation techniques are stressed. Some discussion of contemporary electrochemistry is included. The principles of data collection and the processing and representation of analytical signals are introduced. The course format is lectures three times per week. A textbook is required. Readings from the review literature of analytical chemistry compensate for the inevitable shortcomings of any text. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

448. Physical Methods Laboratory. Chem. 300 and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 447. (2). (Excl).

Chemistry 448 provides "hands-on" experience with a variety of modern analytical instruments and the chemistry that supports them. Procedures of importance in such areas as pollution control of clinical analysis are used to illustrate the application and operation of most instruments. Techniques employed may include UV-visible spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, atomic absorption and atomic emission spectroscopy, flow injection analysis, ion-selective electrode potentiometry, gas and high performance liquid chromatography and polarography. An introduction to computer-aided experimentation is provided. Written reports are required for each procedure carried out. There is one cumulative examination at the end of the term. [Cost:3] [WL:2]

468. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 216, and prior enrollment in three terms of chemistry. (4). (Excl).

This is the first of two-term lecture sequence in Physical Chemistry (followed by Chemistry 469). The course is normally elected by students in Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Cellular and Molecular Biology and others requiring a rigorous treatment of Physical Chemistry. Topics covered in Chemistry 468: theory of gases; the laws of thermodynamics with applications to chemical and phase equilibria, solutions and electrochemical cells; introduction to statistical mechanics. [Cost:3] [WL:2] (Gland)

469. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 216, and prior enrollment in three terms of chemistry. (4). (Excl).

This course is the second of the regular two-term sequence in physical chemistry (Chemistry 468 and 469). The topics include quantum chemistry, molecular structure, spectroscopy and chemical kinetics. [Cost:3] [WL:2] (Penner-Hahn)

481. Physicochemical Measurements. Chem. 197 or 348 and 396 or 468. If advanced standing is granted for part of the work, Chemistry 481 may be elected for one credit with permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

The course has two principal objectives. The first is to acquaint the student with the laboratory aspect of physical chemistry in order to give a different perspective to the theoretical concepts discussed in the basic lecture course. The second is to improve the sophistication of the student with respect to the nature of physical measurements, the errors associated with the measurements, and how these errors may be treated in a systematic fashion. [Cost:1] [WL:2] (Sharp)

482. Physicochemical Measurements. Chem. 300 and Chem 481. If advanced standing is granted for part of the work, Chemistry 482 may be elected for one credit with permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

Chemistry 482 is a continuation of Chemistry 481 with more advanced experiments. These often are less structured than those in Chemistry 481 and thus offer a greater opportunity for individual initiative. [Cost:1] [WL:5 (course will not close)] (Sharp)

485. Projects Laboratory. Chem. 448 or 481 or the equivalent. (2). (Excl).

A project-oriented laboratory in which students work on one or two projects in depth during the term. The projects are suggested by the faculty of the department and require library as well as laboratory work. The projects may be in any area of analytical, inorganic, organic, physical, or polymer chemistry. Eight hours a week in the laboratory. Grading is based on laboratory performance and a written report for each project undertaken. [Cost:1] [WL:2]


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