Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

This course will study the origins of the philosophical study of political life and several prominent issues that have arisen in the history of political philosophy. An attempt will be made to show the unavoidably reciprocal relationship between political life and thought. Readings will be drawn from Aristophanes, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Marx, Hegel, Tocqueville, THE FEDERALIST PAPERS, Nietzsche and Strauss. No special background is required. Grades will be based on 3 short-answer exams and a 10-page term paper. Course will be conducted primarily as a lecture course, with discussion in individual discussion sections. Books will cost between $25-75. If course is closed at CRISP wait until first class and attend to determine override procedure. (Smith)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

The rapid political changes around the world raise fascinating questions for political scientists. Is democracy required for economic prosperity, or vice versa? How can democracy deal with nationality and other fundamental conflicts? What democratic institutions work best, and for whom? This introduction to comparative politics will examine these themes across several countries, including detailed analysis of the Soviet Union and Japan, with implications drawn for the United States. No background is assumed. The class consists of lectures plus a discussion section, with evaluation by examination and short papers. Cost:2 WL:1 (Campbell)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to the basic approaches to the study of international politics. Material on the theories underlying these approaches is grounded in case studies of events from World War I to the present. The object is twofold: to familiarize students with the ways in which analysts have tried to understand international politics; and to equip students with both substantive knowledge of, and a grasp of the underlying theoretical issues concerning contemporary international problems. Students will be evaluated on the basis of examinations several writing assignments and a term paper. All students are expected to attend discussion sections as well as the regular lectures for the course. [Cost:2 or 3] [WL:1] (Lieberthal)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl).

Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. Since the Persian/Arab Gulf began in August, 1990, it will be discussed as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam but no final. Texts include the following: Thomas Friedman, FROM BEIRUT TO JERUSALEM, NY: Farrar Straus, Giroux, 1989; Fred Khouri, THE ARAB ISRAELI DILEMMA: Syracuse University Press; Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin (eds.) THE ISRAELI ARAB READER, Penguin, and Raymond Tanter, WHO'S AT THE HELM? Westview. There is a computer-assisted simulation to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Tanter)

362. Current Issues in World Politics II. Poli. Sci. 361. (1). (Excl).Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

Current Issues in World Politics: East Asia and Global Change. This section of PS 362 is a special course. All students who enroll should have taken PS 361 for the Fall 1990. Students will earn one credit and the course will be graded credit/no credit. The course is open to undergraduates from schools across the university, with the Fall 1990 PS 361 as the sole prerequisite. The objective of the course is to provide students who have had little pertinent background with an introduction to East Asia and the impact of this region is likely to have as the world changes in the coming decade. The course is built around five conferences that are being convened at the University of Michigan during the 1990-91 academic year. Each conference focuses on a particular aspect of the broad subject, "East Asia and Global Change." All the conferences bring in scholars and participants from outside the University. PS 362 students must attend the Thursday evening keynote address for each conference, as these addresses form an integral part of the course. Students are encouraged but not required to attend the Friday panels for each conference, too. This course offers an opportunity for students to hear from a variety of experts from outside the University on this topic. In addition to the keynote addresses, students will meet roughly every other Thursday evening for two hours. These meetings will consist of a mixture of lectures, films and other types of presentation. The course also has required reading. The grade for the course is based on a final essay examination. (Lieberthal)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship advisor. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL).All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

396/Econ. 396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of Eastern Europe. (4). (SS).

See REES 396.. (Szporluk)

401(403). Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (Excl).

This course will consist of a careful reading of original texts in the tradition of Modern Political Thought. The origins of modern political thought, and of the modern project will be traced in the work of Machiavelli, Bacon and Descartes. The evolution of Modern Thought will then be traced in the successive transformations of that origin in the thought of 1) Hobbes and Locke, 2) Rousseau, Kant and Hegel, and 3) Nietzsche. There are no prerequisites for this course. Grades will be assigned on the basis of 3 short-answer exams and a 10 page term paper. Course will consist of lectures and discussion (depending on the ultimate size of the class.) Books will cost between $25-75. If course is closed at CRISP wait until first class and attend to determine override procedure. (Smith)

402(407). Selected Topics in Political Theory. Poli. Sci. 100 or 400 or 401. (4). (Excl).

Section 001 CENTRAL EUROPEAN MARXISM. For Winter Term, 1991, thise section is offered jointly with REES 401.002. (Meyer)

409. Twentieth Century Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (4). (Excl).

This distinction between private and public plays a fundamental role in our thinking about modern liberal society, and intrusion into the private sphere is held to be one of the features of repressive and authoritarian regimes. The course aims at exploring the various meanings of the pair private/public in different writers and at different junctions in Western civilization. Although the course mainly focuses on 19th and 20th century material from John Stuart Mill to Arendt, Habermas, and feminist theory Greek, Roman, and early Christian sources, and works by Calvin and Locke will be taken into consideration. Students will be required to attend lectures, participate in class discussions, and be tested in a midterm and final. Tests will emphasize oral as much as written proficiency. (Gobetti)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl).

This course examines the formulation and implementation of public programs, mainly those of the U.S. central government, and mainly welfare-state in character. Lectures and readings concentrate on the contribution of political culture, institutional structure, and strategic choice to policy outcomes. The course proceeds by lectures and class discussion.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: 1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of the individual voter and the candidate for office. 2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes (or alleged changes) in public attitudes toward politics. 3) Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior.

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is a course in the role of rights in American politics. We will explore the special status of rights as opposed to other kinds of political argument; and how that status has shifted in the course of three centuries of constitutional politics in North America. Our primary focus will be on the United States Constitution as a source of rights. We will alternate between analytic study of political philosophy and historical study of actual constitutional struggles in the United States. Special attention will be given to the constitutional changes initiated by the Civil War, and by the civil rights struggles of the 1950's and 1960's. Classes will be lectures with some time for discussion. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a midterm examination, and a writing project to be defined by the instructor. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Simon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to study general legislative processes by concentrating on the United States Congress. Topics to be covered include member roles, institutional structure, the relationship of legislator to constituent, and the role of the U.S. Congress in the American policy process. No special background is expected. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a midterm, final paper, and final examination. Presentation will be primarily lecture. (Dion)

418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course will analyze the participation of women in political life and will investigate barriers to their participation. The role of women as activists, candidates, and participants in the political process will not be limited to American women, although the emphasis will be on the American political system. Cross-national comparisons will be made in order to develop a comparative perspective. The course will also include a section devoted to the collective, organized efforts of women who want to have an impact on the policy-making process.

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl).

This course will focus upon the role and impact of the mass media in the political process. We will study how the news is made and the impact of mass media on policy-makers and the public, and its effects on political attitudes and behavior. The role and influence of the media in election campaigns in the U.S., and how this compares with other advanced industrial democracies, is a major focus of the course. Other topics include media diplomacy and foreign affairs coverage, media treatment of protest groups and social movements, and the relative power of media and politicians in shaping the political agenda. (Semetko)

421. American State Government. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course will explore state, local, and regional politics, as well as intergovernmental relations across all levels of American government. It will provide historical overviews of each of these areas, apply a variety of political science perspectives to them, and consider some of the most pressing current questions in subnational politics. It will also include a comparative focus, examining the differences in politics and policymaking between federal and non-federal systems, and will place special emphasis on health care and environmental policy. This course will be intended for undergraduates with some prior coursework in political science and American government. It will encourage students to conduct research in subnational politics, culminating in a research paper. In addition, students will complete an essay-style examination, as well as one or two brief papers focused on discussion-related topics. Readings will include selections from the traditional political science literature on state and local politics and intergovernmental relations, but will also include a variety of areas not commonly associated with or applied to subnational politics, including regulatory theory and game theory. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Rabe)

428/Phil. 428/Econ. 428/Asian Studies 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended for students who seek an introduction. There are no prior course requirements, and the lectures and readings avoid jargon or esoteric concepts. The immediate purpose is simple: to convey a preliminary understanding of the Chinese communist revolution, China's recent political history, its emergence into the world scene in the past few years, and its current social, cultural, political, and economic conditions. The larger purpose is to awaken a life-long interest among students in following developments in China, with the assumption that the rise of this nation is one of the major developments of our lifetime. Mr. Oksenberg will deliver approximately half the lectures, and the remaining lectures will be given by professors from UM's leading Center for Chinese Studies. This is a genuinely inter-disciplinary course. Requirements are an hour exam, a short research paper, and either a written or oral final examination. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Oksenberg)

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (Excl).

The course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about the political systems of these countries. Topics include: the historical background of contemporary politics; the relationships among social and economic forces; parties and pressure groups; protest movements and new parties; and current political trends, including German reunification, the development of the European Community and the prospects for U.S.-European relations in the context of the current balance of economic and military power. Requirements include a midterm, a research report of no more than 1500 words, and a final. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Pierce)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The focus of this course will be the current era of reform in the Soviet Union and the implications of democratization for the Soviet future.

447. Comparative Studies in Religion and Politics. (4). (Excl).

This course examines change and conflict in religion, culture, and politics, and in the relations between them. An interdisciplinary and cross-cultural approach is taken, with emphasis on the analysis and explanation of historical and contemporary patterns. The particular empirical focus will change from year to year, although as a rule stress will be given to Third World experiences, including Latin America Catholicism, Islam, and developments in Africa and Asia. Studies on Europe and the United States will also be incorporated. Students will be expected to read widely in these materials, as well as in the theoretical literature. The course will be offered every other year. Several mid length papers (8-12 pp), a midterm and a final examination. Winter 91 is first time ever taught. [Cost:2 or 3] [WL:4] (Levine)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture, and each student will be required to make reports. [Cost:4][WL:4] (Organski)

451/Judaic Studies 451. The Politics and Culture of Modern East European Jewry. A course in East European and/or Jewish history, and Comparative Politics is recommended. (3). (Excl).

This course emphasizes interrelationships between ethnicity, politics, and culture. It focuses on East European Jews and how they developed means for dealing with states and societies in which they were a minority. Strategies and tactics of states in dealing with Jews will also be analyzed. Ideologies, movements, parties and institutions will be studied, partly through literature and folklore. (Gitelman)

457. Governments and Politics of India and South Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The main focus of the course will be on India, but selected developments in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka will be analyzed in a comparative perspective.

458. Chinese Foreign Policy. Political Science 428 or 455 or permission of the instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course explores the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China. It examines a number of factors: historical legacies, decision making processes, domestic politics, and the evolving international situation itself. The course assesses China's intentions, strategies, and capabilities in world affairs.

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will survey the foreign policies of the Soviet Union and the United States in the Third World. We will briefly examine Soviet foreign policy in the Third World from 1917-1945 and then look at both superpowers' policies in the postwar period in some detail. Specific attention will be given to why, and under what conditions, Moscow and Washington chose conflict over cooperation. No prerequisites for this course are suggested. Students will take both a midterm and final examination and write a 15-20 page review essay. This is a lecture course, though it is hoped that there will be substantial give and take between the professor and the students during class. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Hopf)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

Section 001. This course will provide an overview of the literature on the problems and prospects for Third World development, both political and economic. We will begin by examining what American political science has prescribed for Third World development. This will be followed by a more in-depth study of newer perspectives (often Third World in origin) which deal with problems of imperialism, dependency, stagnation, authoritarianism and highly unequal patterns of growth. A central concern throughout will be to achieve some understanding of the multitude of patterns of development in the Third World and the roadblocks that stand in the way of more rapid development. Also of central concern will be the human costs and benefits in alternative models of development and underdevelopment. Previous political science courses on comparative or world politics would be helpful, but the only real requirement is an interest in the problems of the developing world. The format for the course will be largely lecture with as much discussion as the constraints of class size will allow. Grades will be based on a midterm and a final. Cost:2 WL:1 (Hawes)

Section 002 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. This seminar is designed to introduce students to the study of politics and political change in the third world. The approach is comparative: cases are drawn from Latin America, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. The goal however is not (primarily) to present a detailed history of any one country or region; rather it is to develop greater familiarity with the concepts and conceptual frameworks used in the study of politics and political change. The first part of the course deals with the basic issues of development and underdevelopment, and with the major theoretical approaches to the study of development. The second part analyzes economic, social, and political structures in the third world. Three themes will appear throughout the course: poverty and wealth, ideology and identity, and coercion and consent. This is a writing course. Grades will be based on approximately 35 pages of written work which are closely tied to the readings and lectures. Papers are short and almost weekly. (Crystal)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

PS 469 is a course on international political economy which, this term, will focus on the unification of Europe, 1992 and its problems and prospects. The course will give the students a background in political economy, a firm understanding of the changes which are now taking place in both East and West Europe in anticipation of 1992 and a chance to demonstrate the knowledge they gain through several written assignments and class projects. Some of the issues covered will include: relative power, foreign policy relations among the superpowers and small states, and a special discussion on German unification. (Troxel)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl).

This course analyzes the processes by which the foreign policies of states are formulated and implemented. It also analyzes the consequences of these processes for the content of the state policies. Some of the lectures will compare particular geographical areas of the world or countries; others will look at substantive areas such as population, trade, political development and arms control. [Cost:2] [WL:1]

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course will examine a number of central issues in U.S. national security towards the Soviet Union since 1945 with particular attention given to current issues and policy debates. The course will be divided into three broad sections: 1) An analysis of U.S. and Soviet strategic doctrine, debates about force posture, ballistic missile defense, and strategic arms control. 2) NATO doctrine, conventional deterrence in Western Europe. 3) Political and military competition in the Third World. The objective of the course is to provide students with a good introduction to a number of important issues in security policy and to identify the underlying reasons for debate and disagreement on such issues. Classes will be conducted as a combination of lecture and discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of a midterm and final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Huth)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is an extraordinary time to analyze Soviet foreign policy. The course examines the evolution of Soviet relations with the West, the Third World, and with communist and formerly communist states. Particular attention will be devoted to the ways the study of Soviet foreign policy can be embedded in the overall study of comparative foreign policy. Assignments will emphasize the link between writing style and content in several different formats relevant to politics and political science. There will be a final but no midterm. (Zimmerman)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).

The course is on the comparative politics of East Asia, primarily Northeast Asia China, Japan, Taiwan and North and South Korea. It looks at broad issues in comparative politics within the context of Asia state-society relations, revolution, democratization, parties and party systems, the role of culture in shaping political institutions, class structures and stratification, etc. These issues are looked at with a number of underlying questions. Is there as quintessentially "Asian" culture and model of politics? If so, what are its characteristics? How have the particular cultural, political, and social features of these countries affected the way that revolution, democratization, and economic development has occurred? What is the nature of the party systems in these countries what are their origins and how have they evolved? What is the role of the opposition in the party system? What has been the process of democratization and liberalization in these countries and what impact have these had on the governing process? How are the competing theories to explain the economic success of the Asian NIC's? While focusing specifically on Asia the course is aimed to strengthen student's understanding of broad social, political, and economic trends of the 20th century. This course will have a final exam and a research paper. (Francis)

479/CAAS 479. International Relations of Africa. (4). (SS).

There are two underlying passions in the demand by African leaders for independence: the passion for development and the passion for equality in the international community. On the attainment of self-rule therefore, African countries sought to give economic and political substance to their newly won freedom on the international scene. Immediately after independence, most African economies were closely integrated into those of the former colonial powers. Independence gave the leaders the opportunity to diversify their economic and political links with the dual aim of reducing their dependence on the former colonial powers and influencing the evolution of the world order in their interests. The basic objective of this course is to examine the strategies that African governments have encountered in their attempts to restructure their external economic and political relations. We will focus particularly on: Africa's emergence on the international scene; inter-African relations; Africa's changing relations with the superpowers and other power blocs, and Africa in a changing world economy. No special background is needed for this course for advanced political science students. Grades will be based on two papers and a final examination. (Twumasi)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (Excl).

This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course.

490. Political Socialization. One course in political science. (4). (Excl).

Course focuses on the influence of early learning, the family, peer groups, school, work place, military service, church and other adult organizations on the political attitudes and behavior of the mass public and political elites. We examine selected learning models as a means of organizing and understanding the literature and its relevance to adult political behavior. Method of instruction is lecture and discussion. Student evaluation is based on midterm and final exams and optional term paper. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Langton)

494. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

This is a seminar for seniors who are working on Honors thesis. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 DEMOCRATIC THEORY AND SOCIAL CHOICE. Work in political science has increasingly adopted an economic view of human decision-making. This course attempts to trace out the implications of that view for traditional questions of democratic theory such as participation, representation and majoritarianism. Topics to be covered include not only the normative implications of recent work in social choice theory, but also the intellectual history of the rational actor perspective and the limitations of that perspective. The course will be primarily discussion, with occasional lectures. No special background is assumed, although some familiarity with economics might be useful. Students will be evaluated on a combination of class discussion and papers. (Dion)

Section 002 ORIGINS OF POST-MODERN THOUGHT. The twentieth century has seen radical assaults on such key modern principles as the commitment to modern science and rationalism; individualism and subjectivism; the possibility of transhistorical and transcultural knowledge; the value of democracy and technology; the ideas of Progress and Enlightenment; etc. This questioning has led to a series of new schools of thought: existentialist, deconstructionist, hermeneutic, post-structuralist, etc. This course will trace the origins of these movements in the writings of Nietzsche and Heidegger and attempt to understand the political and moral ramifications of their novel principles. The course will consist of careful reading of several key texts, weekly discussion, and the writing of several 5 page papers on pertinent topics or textual interpretations. Some knowledge of the history of political thought or philosophy especially in the modern period will be useful. Books will cost between $25-75. If course is closed at CRISP wait until first class and attend to determine override procedure. (Smith)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 POLITICAL REDISTRICTING. The 1990s round of congressional and legislative redistricting begins on April 1, 1990 when census data are officially delivered to the states. Since the controversial and litigious round of districting in the 1980s, important amendments to the Voting Rights Act have raised hopes of more minority districts, the Supreme Court has declared partisan gerrymandering to be justifiable, and a variety of technological developments have reshaped the districting environment. This course will discuss Supreme Court apportionment decisions, the 1980s districting experiences of several states, and move on to consider a variety of policy and research issues that will be of importance in the coming round of redistricting. These include racial, partisan, and incumbent gerrymandering and proposed reforms of the districting process. Most class meetings will be devoted to discussion. Some lab time with computer software for redistricting will be included. Evaluation will be based on classroom participation and several short papers. I expect the books and course pack for this course will cost between $25 and $50. Admission to the course is by permission of instructor. Priority will be given to senior political science concentrators, although I will consider other factors in order to select a group of students with a variety of backgrounds, partisan commitments, and political experiences. (Chamberlin)

Section 002 WORK AND POLITICS ALTERNATIVE WORK ORGANIZATIONS, ECONOMIC DEMOCRACY, AND POLITICS. This course examines alternative forms of workplace organization and how they affect and are affected by the broader political, economic, and social system. The focus is on the theory and practice of employee self-management (SM) (and ownership) of the work place. What is the place of SM within the theoretical debate about the tradeoff between political and economic equality and liberty? Who advocates SM and why ('cooling out' labor, increasing productivity, self actualization and humanization, state socialism, economic and political democracy?). Where has SM been tried (USA, Europe, Israel, Chile, Peru, Yugoslavia)? What have been the EFFECTS of SM programs on production, labor conflict, personal development, democratic and political participation inside and outside of the workplace, and the structure and culture of the larger society? What INTERNAL factors and EXTERNAL institutions influence the success or failure of SM enterprises (state, political parties, market, dominant ideology, military, prior socialization in the family, school, unions, church, etc.). [Cost:2] (Langton)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 ETHNICITY AND POLITICS IN THE SOVIET UNION. This seminar is designed for those with some background in Soviet or East European politics. It examines the nationalities of the USSR, policies which affect them, the ideology which informs those policies, and the reactions of the nationalities to state policies. We examine the historical and ideological development of Soviet nationality policy and then analyze several aspects of ethnopolitics: language and personnel policies, resource allocation, ethnicity and religion, ethnic relations, and demography. The seminar concludes with an examination of the current crisis in Soviet ethnopolitics. The course emphasizes reading and the writing of papers, including a major research paper. There are no examinations. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Gitelman)

Section 002 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. See Political Science 465, section 002. Presentations will also be required. (Crystal)

Section 003 MODERN BRITISH POLITICS. This seminar will focus on continuities and change in British politics in the post-WWII era. We will review the British constitution and the process and structure of government. We will focus heavily on political participation, interest groups, political parties and elections. We will also discuss the distribution of power in Britain and the political impact of mass media. By way of answering the question "What is distinctive about the British experience?" we will compare Britain with other advanced industrial democracies. (Semetko)

Section 004. TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY: THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN EXPERIENCE. This course is concerned with the process of regime transformation in Eastern Mediterranean countries. It emphasizes the comparative analysis of regime transitions, transformations or breakdowns in countries in the Eastern Mediterranean area, focusing, in particular, on Turkey, Egypt and Lebanon. The transition from authoritarian regimes to Western style democracies has generated substantial body of research on the causes, dynamics and outcomes of such regime transitions. Yet, some parts of the world have been overlooked in this body of research: Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon have not for example received much emphasis. Yet the recent failures of democracy and the recurrent problems with democratic consolidation in the area raise challenges to existing theories especially given the high level of economic, social and political development in the Eastern Mediterranean area. This course addresses this problematic issues and attempts to delineate the historical determinants of regime transition in this area. It focuses, in particular, on the role of culture, mobilization patterns, political parties and political competition, leadership succession, the role of political institutions and the military. The course requirements consist of a midterm examination (40% of the grade) and a 15-20 page long paper (60% of the grade); the paper can either be a critical assessment of the assigned readings or an original piece of research on the topics covered in the course. [Cost:3] [WL:3] (Bektas)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT. This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. [Cost:4] [WL:4] (Organski)

Section 002 ARAB-ISRAEL CONFLICT SEMINAR. This seminar treats the Arab-Israel conflict as a series of overlapping disputes between European Zionists and Arabs of Palestine, European imperialists and Arabs of Palestine, Israel and front-line Arab states, as well as conflicts among the Arab states and between them and Palestinian Arabs. Competition among the Great Powers, rivalry among regional actors, and domestic political constraints on inter-state behavior are three levels of analysis for the seminar. A computer-assisted conference will be used. Cost:4 WL:5. This course is a seminar and it is very doubtful if any overrides will be given. (Tanter)

Section 003 CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORY. This course will focus on the international political system. How do states make foreign policy decisions? Do they strive to balance against threats? How are arms races generated? How are they halted? How are alliances formed? Will the new multipolar world be more or less dangerous than the old bipolar system? Several recent books on these subjects will be assigned and discussed in class. A prior course in world politics is a prerequisite. Classes will consist partly of lectures, partly of discussions. A paper and final examination will be required. (Achen)

499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (4). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to Juniors and Seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: David Freedman, Robert Pisani, and Roger Purves, STATISTICS, New York: W.W. Norton, 1978, hereafter noted as FPP. Required readings other than FPP are in a course pack. [Cost:2 or 3] [WL:1] (Jackson)

592. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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