ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

220/Asian Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).
This course is an introduction to the heritage of the major Asian religious traditions. Hinduism (India), Confucianism and Taoism (China), Shinto (Japan), and Buddhism (India, Tibet, China, Japan) will be considered against their cultural backgrounds, and against the background of human religiousness in general. To lend coherence to the vast and diverse field of study known as "Asian religions," we will focus on certain universal themes, such as death and the afterlife, world denying vs. world affirming ideals, and modes of religious expression in the so-called philosophical vs. popular traditions. There are three hours of lectures, and one discussion section per week, with occasional use of slides and films. There is no prerequisite for the course. Requirements will include a midterm and final exam, and two short papers. Cost:4 WL:1 (Gomez)

486. Japanese Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 230 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).
An examination of religious beliefs, practices, and institutions in Japanese society, past and present. The course treats the historical development and current situation of major religious traditions and movements in Japan, shrine and state Shinto, the various schools of Buddhism, and the so-called New Religions that have flourished in modern times. Throughout, attention is paid to commonly recurring elements of Japanese religiosity, such ancestor worship, beliefs in fate and karma, festivals, pilgrimages, the sanctification of natural phenomena, taboos against impurities, exorcisms, and rites of purification. The course is designed not only to familiarize students with the basics of Japanese religion narrowly conceived, but to provide insights into the intellectual, ethical, and spiritual wellsprings of contemporary Japanese culture at large. As such, it is recommended for all students with interests in or dealings with Japan, regardless of academic or professional discipline. No knowledge of Japanese language or prior study of Japan is required. All readings of primary Japanese texts are in English translation. There will be a mid-term and final exam, and a research paper on a topic of the student's own choosing (subject to instructor's approval). No prerequisites. (Foulk)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
Chinese 102 (Beginning Chinese) is a continuation of Chinese 101. The textbooks are Beginning Chinese and Beginning Chinese Reader (Part I and II), both by John DeFrancis. Students are required to listen to tapes after class (at least 5 or 6 hours a week). We meet five hours a week two hours of lecture and three hours of drills. In Chinese 102 we do two lessons from BCR each week. Readings are longer than in Chinese 101 and will take much of a students time outside of class toward the end of the term. Students have to do question-answer sheets twice a week. Students are also required to memorize short dialogues similar to those we did in Chinese 101. Toward the end of the term students have to write a skit together with other students and their performance will be video-taped and their pronunciation will be graded. We have a test or quiz each week on Thursdays. In general the workload in Chinese 102 is much heavier than that in Chinese 101. NOTE: NO VISITORS ARE ALLOWED. Cost:3 WL:4 (Tao)

202. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
This course is a continuation of Chinese 201. Its goals are twofold: (1) to achieve a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 900 characters and accompanying combinations; (2) to continue improving aural understanding and speaking competence. Classes are conducted solely in Chinese. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, weekly quizzes or tests, homework assignments, essays. The texts are Intermediate Chinese and the movie script The Great Wall. Cost:3 WL:1 (Liang)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.
This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Chinese (UM courses 101 through 202, or equivalent course at another institution). The purpose of the course is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first- and second-year Chinese. This is accomplished through presentation of brief speeches and discussions on topics selected by the class. The role of the instructor, who serves as a co-ordinator for the class, is not to teach students, but to encourage and coach them in speaking Chinese. The grade will be determined by students' attendance, participation in discussion, and vocabulary quizzes. This course is not for native speakers. Cost:1 WL:1 (Liang)

406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 405. (5). (Excl).
Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, Advanced Spoken Chinese ). Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. Cost:NA WL:NA

432. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 431 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).
This course is a continuation of Chinese 431. It is intended for students who have an interest in the field of social sciences as it applies to China. Though the skills of reading original Chinese articles which focus on politics, economics, diplomacy, history, and culture are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields and to help students do their research using Chinese materials. Contemporary Chinese texts are read and discussed largely in Chinese. Cost:1. WL:3. (Qian)

452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).
This course is a continuation of the introductory term of literary Chinese. We continue to read in a variety of texts covering all premodern periods. Further practice is aimed at improving understanding of the structure of literary Chinese, introductory practice in dictionaries and other aids to interpretation, better familiarity with important grammatical particles. Supplementary areas of concern include policies and problems in using literary Chinese in research, problems of translation, and the general evolution of styles in the literary tradition. Cost:2 WL:1 (Stevenson)

462. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 461 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).
This course is a continuation of Chinese 461. In addition to building vocabulary we will concentrate on improving reading ability with the aim of allowing students to read original materials with less reliance on a dictionary. Students will also practice discussion on the readings in Chinese. Readings will be chosen from a variety of sources, depending partly on the interests of the students. They will include 20th century fiction and essays on various topics from both Taiwan and Mainland China. There will be frequent translation and composition assignments. The class will be conducted largely in Chinese. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Qian)

472. Traditional Chinese Drama and Fiction in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (Excl).
The focus of this course is the development of drama and fiction in premodern China. Written in vernacular Chinese, these works expanded the permissible subjects and modes of literary expression, giving the reader an intimate "backstage" view of traditional Chinese culture unavailable elsewhere. Course requirements are two short papers, a take-home midterm, a final exam, and participation in class discussion. Readings include plays: Chinese Theater in the Days of Kublai Khan, The Lute, and The Peach Blossom Fan; short stories: Stories from a Ming Collection, Silent Operas; autobiography: Six Records of a Floating Life; and novels: The Plum in the Golden Vase (cc. 1-20), The Tower of Myriad Mirrors, The Story of the Stone (v. 1), and The Travels of Lao Ts'an. Cost:4 WL:4 (Rolston)

475/Asian Studies 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).
This interdisciplinary course is jointly taught by faculty specialists in Chinese philosophy, religion, history of art, drama, and literature. It is NOT a survey course. Instead the focus will be on the direct and intense engagement with a number of significant and representative works in order to present some major themes of a distinct and complex civilization. We will examine Chinese ideas of self in relation to society, nature, the cosmos, as expressed in myth, philosophy, poetry, painting, traditional and modern fiction, etc. In spite of inner tensions, China's cultural tradition can be seen as a highly integrated system composed of mutually reinforcing parts. Toward the end of the term we will observe the system's collapse as it struggles to adapt to the modern world, and consider how our themes continue, persist, or change. Background lectures on history, language, and cosmology will be followed by topics and readings that will include: Confucianism (Mencius ) and Taoism (Chuang-Tzu ); themes in Chinese religiosity, Ch'an (Zen Buddhism); classical narratives; lyricism and visual experience in poetry and landscape painting; storyteller tales; the poetic-musical theatre; modern fiction of "revolutionary" China. Course format: lectures and discussions by Baxter (language); Crump (theatre); Dewoskin (myths and early writings); Edwards, Powers (art history); Feuerwerker (modern fiction) Foulk (religion); Lin (poetry); Munro (philosophy); Rolston (traditional fiction). In the fourth hour class will divide into two discussion sections. No prerequisites. Requirements: three short papers and final exam. (Y. Feuerwerker)

505/Phil. 505. Modern Chinese Thought. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
See Philosophy 505. (Munro)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two Kana syllabaries ( Katakana and Hiragana ) and elementary characters ( Kanji ) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part I (with accompanying audio course set). [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Oshiro, Kozuka, Staff).

202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers and essays in response to questions about these texts. Approximately 400 of the essential characters are covered. Discussions of the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to attend 6 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 4 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. Cost:NA WL:1 (Ohara, Staff)

250. Calligraphy. Japanese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.
In this course students will learn the art of Japanese Calligraphy. Students who have taken the course previously will be permitted to enroll in the course and will learn intermediate or advanced calligraphy. (You may take the course up to three times for credit). Materials will be available on the first day of class; however, students are encouraged to purchase their own calligraphy sets (approximately $20.00). Students are also required to pay a paper fee of approximately $5.00. Please bring 2 days of newspapers to the first day of class. Contact the department at 764-8286 regarding the first meeting date. Cost:1. WL:NA. (Shinohara)

379. Advanced Spoken Japanese II. Japanese 378 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of two credits.
Advanced Spoken Japanese II is a continuation of work begun in Japanese 378, and will include instruction in lecturing, speechmaking, and storytelling, with an emphasis on both the preparation of material and improving on oral delivery. The class will also address socio-cultural differences and difficulties Americans have integrating into the Japanese environment. The course meets 1 hour per week. Students are expected to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of 2 hours for each class hour. Cost:1. WL:3.

402. Japanese Literature in Translation: Edo and Modern Periods. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).
The course will examine the various forms of Japanese literature in the Edo period (1600-1868) haiku, prose fiction, puppet plays, and Kabuki drama. It will also introduce the student to the rise of the modern psychological novel beginning in the Meiji period (1868-1912) and will focus on the great works of modern Japanese fiction from the Meiji era to the present, including the novels of Natsume Soseki, Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, and the Nobel Laureate Kawabata Yasunari. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. Cost:5 WL:1 (Reichert)

406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 405 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).
Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Texts are: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part III; selected reading materials for Third-Year Japanese. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Unedaya, Staff)

408. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 407. (4). (Excl).
This course introduces students to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. It aims to help the student develop precision in reading comprehension through close reading, translation exercises, and class discussions in Japanese. Assignments will be paced to build reading speed. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other research aids effectively. Requirements include a midterm and a final, as well as occasional papers and written translations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Reichert)

417. Communicative Competence for Japan-Oriented Careers II. Japanese 406, 411, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).
This course is a contination of work begun in Japanese 416, and stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Topics include: Introductions, Corporate and Bureaucratic Organization, Business Travel, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of moderately difficult texts and news broadcasts. The course meets 3 hours per week. Students are expected to practice with audio/video tapes for a minumum of 2 hours for each class hour. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 and 402. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.
This course enables students to read and discuss Japanese literature in a seminar setting. Readings (in translation) vary from year to year, but the focus is primarily on fiction. The course offers advanced work in the rich diversity of one of the world's great literary traditions (as introduced in the Japanese 401-402 sequence). This course can be use to fulfill the Junior/Senior ECB Writing Requirement. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. Prerequisites: Japanese 401 and 402. Contact the department for a list of works to be covered by the instructor. Cost:2. WL:3.

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.
This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the acquisition of specialized terminology and clarification of problems which arise in understanding these readings. Students are required to attend three hours of class a week. Homework includes a minimum of two hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare the readings so they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. There are also Japanese essay assignments on the readings covered in class. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Unedaya)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.
Training in the reading and interpretation of the major forms of pre-modern Japanese poetry, from the waka and choka through renga, haikai, and haiku. The texts will vary from one term to another, but will generally follow a chronological sequence from the ancient to the Tokugawa period. While emphasis will be on developing a working familiarity with the rhetorical structures of classical poetry, modern commentaries will also be consulted in order to acquire a knowledge of Japanese scholarship on the subject.

Topic for Winter 1992: Haikai, Haibun, and Hairon. Readings will be from Saikaku's haikai, comic linked poetry, Basho's Oku no hosomichi ("The Narrow Road to the Deep North"), and critical writings of the Basho school, particularly the Sanzoshi. Prerequisite: three years of modern Japanese or the equivalent, and one term of bungo or permission of instructor. Cost:2. WL:3. (Ramirez-Christensen)

Courses in KOREAN (DIVISION 409)

102. Beginning Korean. Korean 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
Korean 102, a continuation of introductory-level work begun in Korean 101, provides hard training for all the four language skills - listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Class meets 5 hours a week 2 hours of lectures and 3 hours of aural/oral practice - and students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Daily attendance is emphasized, and weight will be placed on homework assignments and weekly quizzes in evaluation. The textbook for the course is Myongdo's Korean 1 by A.V. Vandesande, and all the remaining chapters in the book after what was learned in Korean 101 will be covered. Those who successfully finish the course will gain sustained control of basic conversation skill. Cost:2 WL:3 (Park, Staff)

202. Second Year Korean. Korean 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
Korean 202, a continuation of intermediate-level work begun in Korean 201, provides hard training for all the four language skills - listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Class meets 5 hours a week 2 hours of lectures and 3 hours of aural/oral practice - and students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Recitation sections are conducted entirely in Korean: no English is permitted. Daily attendance is emphasized, and weight will be placed on homework assignments and weekly quizzes in evaluation. The textbook for the course is Speaking Korean (Book 2) by Francis Y.T. Park. By the end of the semester, students will be orally proficient enough for survival situations, and will be able to read essays and short stories with the help of a dictionary, and to write relatively informal letters. Cost:2 WL:3 (Park, Staff)

Korean Courses in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of Korean.

150/Hist. 150. Introduction to Korean Civilization. (3). (Excl).
See History 150.

COURSES IN SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA (DIVISION 483)

Language Courses

102(302). Beginning Thai.
S&SEA 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
This course is the second half of the sequential Elementary Thai courses. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills speaking, listening, reading and writing. The emphases are on practicing pronunciation and simple conversation, reading and writing simple Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. Four hours of language lab per week are recommended. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Brown)

104(304). Beginning Indonesian. S&SEA 103 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final examination. [Cost:1] [WL:5] (Florida)

106. Elementary Hindi-Urdu. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 305. (4). (LR).
South and Southeast Asia 105/106 is the first year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu, the respective national languages of India and Pakistan. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to develop students' skills in speaking and in aural comprehension as well as introduce them to the Devanagari writing system. Evaluation is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Sahai)

108(308). Beginning Tagalog. S&SEA 107 or equivalent. (4). (LR).
Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have a functional acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. Cost:1 WL:1 (Naylor)

110(408). Beginning Sanskrit. S&SEA 109 or equivalent. (3). (LR).
This course continues work on elementary Sanskrit grammar and involves stories in Sanskrit which have been written to fit particular levels of grammar. The goal of the course is to enable the student to read and write basic Sanskrit. [Cost:8] [WL:6] (Deshpande)

112. Beginning Punjabi. S&SEA 111. (4). (LR).
This course will build upon skills learned in S&SEA 111, Introductory Punjabi. Students will be trained to read simple texts, drawn from sources such as the popular press, and will be exposed to elements of Punjabi culture as well as language. Conversational skills will be stressed and sharpened through preassigned topics and the graded introduction of vocabulary. A deepened understanding of grammar and grammatical structures will be introduced. (Cole)

202(402). Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).
This course is the second half of the sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice pronunciation and conversation as well as reading and writing. Four hours of language lab per week are recommended. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm and final exams. [Cost:2] [WL:1] (Brown)

204(404). Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 203. (5). (LR).
The course is the second half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Florida)

206(406). Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 306. (4). (LR).
South and Southeast Asia 205/206 is the second year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to increase students' skills in speaking and comprehension as well as introduce them to the Nastaliq writing system used for Urdu. They will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and writing the Devanagari script. Students with strong background in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. Evaluation is based on attendance, written assignments, and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1. (Hook, Sahai)

208(434). Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 207 or equivalent. (3). (LR).
This is a two-term sequence in which the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog expands his knowledge, develops fluency, and becomes acquainted with Tagalog literature. While the oral approach continues, there is much greater emphasis on reading and writing and much heavier cultural content in the materials read. In the first term, one meeting a week is devoted to the study of grammar. The rest of the time is spent in oral reading (dramatization) of a series of story episodes in dialogue form, translation, question-and-answer on content, and discussion of the linguistic and cultural aspects of each episode. Written homework is regularly assigned. To complement the grammar lessons and the dialogues, tapes are available at the Language Laboratory. There will be occasional quizzes, a midterm, and a final. We have conversation hour once a week throughout the term. The second term is essentially a continuation of the first. Instead of dialogues, however, we read narratives and essays and instead of studying grammar separately, we integrate it with work on the readings which provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points. At the end of the second year, the student should have acquired (a) sufficient competence to handle casual conversation, write brief letters, read texts of low to medium complexity, and (b) a broader knowledge of the culture that the language is an expression of and in which the language functions. Cost: 1. WL: 1. (Naylor)

306. Reading and Writing Hindi-Urdu. Speaking and listening comprehension proficiency (as determined by interview). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 205 or 206. (4). (LR).
South and Southeast Asia 305/306 is a two-semester sequence intended for students who have first or second year speaking and/or listening proficiency but have no knowledge of Hindi-Urdu writing systems. Meeting four hours a week, the course helps students to capitalize on their prior listening/speaking abilities in such a way as to cover the material in two semesters that others without such abilities cover in four. Students with appropriate background may be able to enter the sequence in January (with S&SEA 306). See the instructor for placement evaluation. Student progress is measured by attendance, written assignments, and examinations. Cost:2 WL:1 (Hook)

402(502). Advanced Thai. S&SEA 401 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).
Continues from Thai 401, dealing with various genres of "real" written Thai (i.e., not written specifically for second-language learners), and including class discussion (in Thai) and written assignments. Cost:2 WL:1 (Solnit)

404(504). Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 403. (4). (Excl).
The course is the second of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The coursework is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian Literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, and a final exam or project. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Florida)

406(306/506). Advanced Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 206 or 306. (3). (Excl).
South and Southeast Asia 406 is the sixth term in the sequence of courses offered by the Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi-Urdu. Meeting three hours a week, the course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing Hindi and, if students so desire, Urdu. Students with prior knowledge of Hindi-Urdu may be able to join the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement. Cost:2 WL:1. (Hook)

464. Advanced Readings of Modern Indonesian Texts II. S&SEA 404 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.
The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to introduce the student to critical readings of Modern Indonesian texts. A reading and speaking knowledge of Modern Indonesian is prerequisite. With an emphasis on text analysis, the student is required to produce critical commentaries on (and sometimes translations of) selected passages from a variety of texts. The commentaries will be written in Indonesian. The course is run as a seminar with discussion conducted in Indonesian. Evaluation is based on the written assignments and classroom performance. [Cost:1] [WL:3] (Florida)

491. Individual Study Southeast Asian Language. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of eight credits.
This course is for students who wish to do individual directed study of a Southeast Asian language. Interested students must make arrangements directly with the instructor.

526. Pali and Prakrit. (3). (LR).
This course is intended to introduce a student to a wide range of vernacular languages of ancient India. These vernaculars are collectively called Prakrit languages. Pali, one of the major Prakrit languages, is often listed separately because of its high importance for Buddhism. Scriptures of Theravada Buddhism use Pali as their language. Prakrits in general are used by the canonical texts of Jainism. Prakrits also appear as the oldest languages used in inscriptions in ancient India from 300 B.C. There is also a large secular literature in Prakrits. The student is required to have had at least one year of Sanskrit before taking this course, because Prakrits are introduced by contrasting them with Sanskrit. Students will be required to read, analyze, and translate Prakrit texts, and will be tested on their comprehension of these texts. The course grade will be based on class performance and translation assignments. Cost:2 WL:1 (Deshpande)

Courses in ASIAN STUDIES (DIVISION 323)

112/History 152. Southeast Asian Civilization. (4). (SS).
This course offers an introduction to the culture and history of Southeast Asia, one of the world's most variegated cultural zones and an area of repeated and intense international conflict. Geographic coverage will include Vietnam, Burma, and Thailand on the mainland, and Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines in the islands. Students will examine the glory and decline of ancient Southeast Asian civilizations; the colonial transformation of the region; the rise of nationalism; and recurrent post-1945 tensions. Other topics will include: the role of religion, including Buddhism and Islam, in contemporary Southeast Asia; Chinese immigration; and recent economic trends. The course assumes no prior knowledge of Southeast Asia. Cost:5 WL:NA (Lieberman)

122/History 122. Modern Transformation of East Asia. (4). (SS).
For those who have developed a curiousity about the societies of East Asia (China, Japan, and Vietnam) and would like to be introduced to their present shape and how they got that way. We shall treat their modern history, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and, from a multi-disciplinary perspective, consider current developments. Topics include the impact of Western imperialism, the challenge to the old order, Japan's trajectory from reform through militarism to postwar democracy, Communist revolution in China and Vietnam, civil war and division in Korea, and the present-day conundrums facing each. No background is required. Three lectures and a section each week. Midterm and final. [Cost:1 or 2] [WL:1] (Young)

220/Buddhist Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).
See Buddhist Studies 220. (Gomez)

381. Junior/Senior Colloquium for Concentrators. Junior or senior standing and concentration in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).
Tradition, Development, Nationalism, and War in Twentieth Century Asia.
This is designed primarily for seniors in Asian Studies, who are given preference, but other upperclass students may be admitted if there is space. Some previous knowledge of Asia and its modern history is assumed, but not Asian language competence. As a colloquium, it centers on group discussion of the readings, and the writing of four short papers. The scope includes India/Pakistan, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, from 1894 to 1976 (the end of the Vietnam War). Readings are varied, mainly in a course pack. This is an ECB course, but you must check the appropriate modifier when you register for it. The rise of Asian nationalism is the major trend of the twentieth century in that part of the world, fuelled and expressed in part through the series of wars beginning with the Sino-Japanese conflict of 1894-95. We will also consider the matter of "modernization" and the patterns of economic development. Cost:2 (Murphey)

428/Phil. 428/Pol. Sci. 428/Soc. 426. China's Evolution Under Communism. Upperclass standing or permission of instructor. Not recommended for Asian Studies concentrators. (4). (Excl).
See Political Science 428. (Lieberthal)

441. Asia Through Fiction. (3). (Excl).
This course deals with selected novels and short stories by Asian writers and Westerners writing about Asia. It attempts to compare different perspectives on the Asian scene and particularly focuses on East/West interactions. Course readings center on India, Southeast Asia, Japan, and China. Four short essays are required which take the place of an examination. The class is usually small enough to function as a group discussion, which considers also the Asian context, but regular attendance is necessary, and careful attention ON SCHEDULE to the readings. There are several evening opportunities to sample Asian cuisine and films. Writers dealt with include Narayan, Greene, Mishima, Forster, Kipling, Conrad, Tanizaki, Orwell, Markandaya, Buck, Lu Hsun, and others. (Murphey)

475/Chinese 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).
See Chinese 475. (Y. Feuerwerker).


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