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Winter Academic Term 2003 Course Guide

Introduction to Course Listing Notations

The Winter Term Course Guide is published by LS&A Academic Information and Publications (OAIP), University of Michigan, 1228 Angell Hall, 764-6810; Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1027.

An accurate and current course description helps students in their academic planning. Descriptions are published in the LS&A Course Guide for distribution to LS&A students at least one week before early registration. They are prefaced with the course number, title, prerequisite(s), and other information from the updated LS&A Bulletin.

Descriptions generally begin with a statement of the subjects (topics, themes, methods, and include any recommended special background that is not already listed in the course prerequisite). Instructors usually indicate the basis of student evaluation (exams, papers, etc.); the texts which will be required; and the method(s) of instruction (lecture, lab, discussion).

University Time Schedule. A Time Schedule listing courses offered is published by the University Scheduling Office prior to each term. Students register and make course schedule changes through the registration system.

Key to Course Listings

Course numbers are part of a University-wide numbering system. Generally, courses numbered 100 to 199 are introductory, 200-299 are intermediate, and 300-599 are advanced (upper-level).

Reorganized or renumbered courses are denoted by a parenthetical number in boldface following the course number. When renumbering or reorganization has left the SUBJECT unchanged, only the previous course number is given; if the SUBJECT has also changed, the previous SUBJECT and course number appear. A reorganized or renumbered course cannot be repeated for credit without special permission.

Cross-listed courses are sponsored by more than one department or program and may be elected in any of the participating units. Cross-listings appear in boldface and are denoted by a slash between the participating units.

Course titles appear in boldface after the course number.

Prerequisites appear in italics after the course title.

  • Course equivalence. Unless otherwise stated, the phrase "or equivalent" may be considered an implicit part of the prerequisite for any course. When a student has satisfactorily completed a course(s) believed to be substantially equivalent to one listed as a prerequisite, the student must consult the instructor or department. If equivalency is determined to have been satisfied, election may be approved.
  • Permission of instructor. The phrase "or permission of instructor" may be considered an implicit part of the statement of prerequisites for any course. When permission is a stated requirement, or when a student does not have the stated prerequisite for a course but can give evidence of sufficient background, the student should obtain approval from the instructor or department concerned.

Excluded combinations of course elections are so designated in the listing of affected courses.

The Term Symbol, a Roman numeral, denotes the term(s) some courses are offered. The University year is divided into three terms: Fall (I), Winter (II), and Spring-Summer (III). The Spring-Summer Term is further divided: Spring-Half (IIIa) and Summer-Half (IIIb).

The Credit Symbol, an Arabic numeral in parentheses, denotes the credits earned for the course. Credit is granted in semester hours. Except for small seminars where the reading and/or writing requirements are intensive, one credit represents no less than one hour of class meeting time each week of the term, and usually represents two hours of work outside of class for each class hour.

Area distribution designation is approved by the LS&A Curriculum Committee on a yearly basis. A course may be approved with the designation natural science (NS), social science (SS), humanities (HU), mathematical and symbolic analysis (MSA), creative expression (CE), or excluded from distribution (Excl).

Courses meeting certain college requirements are so listed. Language other than English (LR) courses may be used toward meeting the Language Requirement. The Introductory Composition requirement may be met by courses designated (Introductory Composition). Courses approved with the designation "Language Requirement" or "Introductory Composition" may not be used as part of an area distribution plan. If an introductory language course is designated "Excluded" (Excl), it may not be used to satisfy the LS&A language requirement. (BS) means that the course may be used toward the 60 approved credits required for the B.S. degree. Courses meeting or partially meeting the Quantitative Reasoning requirement are designated (QR/1) or (QR/2). Courses with standard approval for meeting the Race & Ethnicity (R&E) requirement are so indicated. Other courses may meet the R&E or QR requirements on a term-by-term basis and are listed on the Student Academic Affairs website

Special Grading pattern for a course is so indicated in the course listing. Some LS&A courses are offered mandatory credit/no credit. (See Non-Graded Courses in Chapter IV. )

Experiential, Independent Study, and Tutorial courses are so designated. (See Experiential and Directed Reading/Independent Study Courses in Chapter IV of the LS&A Bulletin. )

Repetition of a course that varies in content from term to term is permitted only under certain conditions. When a department or program has a policy about the repetition of a course for credit, that policy is included in the course listing. The general statement "May be repeated for credit with permission" usually means "With permission of a concentration advisor." In all other instances, a student must get permission from both the department or program and the Academic Standards Board to repeat a course for credit. Generally, a course may be elected for credit once only.

Laboratory or other special fees are indicated when known, but are subject to change without notice.

CAEN Lab Access fee. Non-Engineering students and non-declared Computer Science/Applied Physics majors taking Engineering courses who require a CAEN account for a class are eligible to purchase a CAEN account for the semester. The CAEN Lab Access fee is based on the tuition differential that Engineering students have to pay. The current fee for 2003-03 (subject to change) was:

  • $115 per academic term for non-Engineering/Computer Science freshmen and sophomores;
  • $207 per academic term for juniors, seniors and graduate non-engineers.

This fee must be paid each term and only provides lab access for the current term. CAEN accounts enable students to log on to any CAEN lab workstation. CAEN Accounts which are purchased by non-engineering students will be billed directly to the student account.

A Sample Course Listing for the Online Course Guide

SSEA 2501 / ASIAN 253.2 Undergraduate Seminar in South and Southeast Asian Culture.3

Culture Courses 4

001 Religion in Modern India.5
Instructor(s): Pashaura Singh (

Prerequisites & Distribution: No knowledge of any Asian language required.7 (3).8 (HU).9 May be repeated with department permission.

First-Year Seminar, Foriegn Lit10

Credits: (3).11

Cost: No Data Given.12
Waitlist Code: 213

Course Homepage:14

See Asian Studies 253.001.15

Check Times, Location, and Availability16

  1. The SUBJECT and course number.
  2. Indication that this is a course cross-listed with another department or program, giving the cross-listing SUBJECT and course number.
  3. The course title. For cross-listed courses the course title is always the same in each cross-listing SUBJECT.
  4. Indication of a group or subgroup of courses within the SUBJECT to which the course belongs.
  5. The Section Title (course subtitle) for the description. Not all courses or sections have section titles.
  6. The instructor(s) name(s) with email, if provided. If instructors have a personal homepage, this is linked with thier name.
  7. Indication of a course prerequisite. Sometimes, but not in this case, this will be the listing of a specific course or courses. Remember that not all courses have prerequisites; such courses are open to all students.
  8. Indication of the number of credits granted for successful completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours, are the same as Michigan Semester Hours (MSH).
  9. Designation of the area distribution category into which the course falls. In this instance, South and Southeast Asia (SSEA) 250, a course which is also listed and may be elected as Asian Studies (ASIAN) 253, earns distribution credit in the area of Humanities (HU). Other courses may earn distribution credit in the areas of Natural Science (NS), Social Science (SS), Mathematical and Symbolic Analysis (MSA), or Creative Expression (CE) or they may be designated as Excluded (Excl) from counting toward the distribution requirements for a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.

    If this course were approved to be used in the 60 credits of approved courses in the physical and natural sciences and/or mathematics required for the Bachelor of Science degree, a (BS) would appear here.

    If this course were approved to meet the QR requirement, the designation (QR/1) or (QR/2) would appear here.

    If this course had standard approval to meet the Race and Ethnicity requirement, the designation (R&E) would appear here.

    If this course were approved to meet the language requirement, the designation (LR) would appear in here.

    If this course were approved to meet the introductory composition requirement, the designation (Introductory Composition) would appear in the course header information.

  10. This row provides graphical and textual indication of various requirements and programs that this section either satisfies, or of which it is affiliated.
  11. Indication of the number of credits granted for successful completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours, are the same as Michigan Semester Hours (MSH). This indication is different from item seven above in that this indicates if the course has different credit hours during the half term.
  12. Indicates the Cost code for the section. The Cost link will open a small window that displays the dollar amounts associated with each code number.
  13. Indicates the Waitlist code for the section. The Waitlist link will open a small window that displays the Waitlist procedures associated with each code number.
  14. Provides a link to the course/section homepage, if provided to OAI&P
  15. The section description, or, if the course is cross-listed or a meets-together section, a link to the home SUBJECT of the course, which will contain the description.
  16. A realtime link the Wolverine Access that provides the times, location, and realtime availability for the course.


Information about the cost of books/materials for courses and about various course waitlist procedures is keyed as explained below. This information can be found at the end of individual descriptions preceding the instructor's name. The cost information comes first, followed by the waitlist information.


The books/materials for this course:

1 Cost less than $50.

2 Cost $50 or more, but less than $100.

3 Cost $100 or more, but less than $150.

4 Cost $150 or more.


If the course is closed through Web Registration, you should:

1=Get on the WAITLIST through Web Registration, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for handling the waitlist will be explained there.

2=Go to the department office to get on a WAITLIST, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for handling the waitlist will be explained there.

3=Visit the faculty office to see the instructor about getting an OVERRIDE into the course.

4=Wait until classes start, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for issuing overrides will be explained there.


A Cautionary Note on Waitlists

Waitlists on that begin when a course or section has filled with registered students serve a number of uses for faculty, departments, and the College. From the students' perspective, however, there is one important fact to know about how waitlists work. All students should be aware that there is no general rule that when overrides are issued for a class they must be written for students as they appear in numerical order on the waitlist. The waitlist exists to let the faculty member know who and how many students have waitlisted a particular section or course. And yes, the student names do appear on the list in the chronological order in which students added themselves to the list. No individual faculty member or department is obligated, however, to issue overrides by this numerical ordering. It may be felt that other criteria weigh more heavily. For example, class standing (senior, junior, etc.) or whether the student is a concentrator in the department or not may be considered more important than what number a student is on the waitlist. In fact, the only general guess one can reasonably make is that the rule of strictly following the waitlist number is pretty much restricted to lower-level courses that largely enroll first-year students (not all lower-level courses do this).

What does this mean, then, for a student who is about to complete a registration trasnaction? It means that having what appears to be a very good (low) number apparently assuring a place in a class may be, in fact, no guarantee at all. The best advice, then, is NOT to exit the registration system without a full schedule of classes that could be lived with for the coming term. This may seem unnecessarily pessimistic because of the suggestion that not all students may end up with their preferred choices in class scheduling, but the advice is intended to be helpful because it offers the most protection. Also, please waitlist only those classes or sections you can attend, and remember that waitlisting for multiple sections of a course does not really help with getting into the course.


Courses numbered on the 100 and 200 level, especially those which are prerequisites for more advanced courses, often have large enrollments. Class size in such courses can range as high as 500, although enrollment of 100 to 200 students is more common. To reduce size, many of these introductory courses are taught in sections. Each section covers the same material but has a different instructor and meeting time. For example, sections of Introductory Composition are limited to 22 students, and language sections are limited to 25 (much smaller in some languages, e.g., 15 in Japanese). In addition, many of the larger courses on the 100 and 200 levels set aside a weekly class or two for small discussion sections led by graduate student instructors (GSIs). The presence of GSIs in such courses should not deter first-year students from trying to get to know the professor. Most professors welcome contact with first-year students and are troubled by the tendency of large classes to make contacts more difficult for students. First-year students should always feel free to see professors during their office hours and should not suppose that they must have specific (and profound) questions in mind before visiting.

Policy on Class Attendance

A. It is critical that students attend classes from the beginning of the term. Even though students may be registered officially for a course, departments may give away a student's place in a course if the student does not attend:

  • the first meeting of biology, chemistry, and physics laboratories
  • the first meeting of Sweetland Writing Center courses
  • either of the first two meetings of English courses
  • the first meetings of History 396 and 397
  • either of the first two meetings of language courses in the Romance Languages department
  • the first two meetings of courses in other departments

At the same time, departments are not obligated to withdraw students officially from the course, even though the student has been informed that his/her place in a course has been taken away.

Students are responsible for the accuracy of their schedules and must be sure that all drops are processed through the Registration system during the normal drop/add period.

B. Students are expected to attend classes regularly. When the instructor considers the number of absences excessive, that is, when a student's absence from a course endangers that student's satisfactory academic progress, the instructor may send a written report on the case to the appropriate advising office.

Concerted absence from any appointed duty by a class or by any number of students together will be regarded as improper conduct, and those participating in such action shall be liable to disciplinary action.

Members of athletic teams must present to each instructor, prior to each absence because of the membership on athletic teams, a written statement signed by the appropriate authority specifying the exact date of any such proposed absence.

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