Winter '00 Course Guide

Courses in Geological Sciences (Division 377)

Winter Term, 2000 (January 5 April 26, 2000)

Take me to the Winter Term '00 Time Schedule for Geological Sciences.


Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

G.S. 100-115 are short (half-term) courses. They consist of detailed examinations of restricted geologic topics. The department lists the specific courses from this series in the Time Schedule for the terms they are offered (fall and winter terms only). Each course, when offered, meets twice weekly for half of the term (first half or second half), and the specific dates for each course are printed in the Time Schedule. These courses are designed primarily for students with no prior geologic training and they are open to all interested persons. G.S. 100-115 are offered on the graded pattern (optional pass/fail).


Geol. Sci. 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 100 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 156 (or 260). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~kacey/ugrad/courses.html

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms.

By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 103. Dinosaurs and Other Failures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 103 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Wilson

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 149 (or 273). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will provide an introduction to our current understanding of dinosaurs and certain other reptilian groups of the Mesozoic Era. It is intended for students with an interest in geology, paleontology, or evolution, but does not require prior training in these fields. The course will deal with broad features of the evolutionary history of dinosaurs, methods of reconstructing dinosaur behavior and ecology, new developments in our interpretation of the biology of dinosaurs, and possible causes for the extinction of dinosaurs. There will be two lectures each week and a single exam at the end of the course.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3 or 4

Geol. Sci. 104. Ice Ages, Past and Future.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 104 Will Be Offered Jan. 6 to Feb. 24 With Final Exam On Feb. 24 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=January 25).

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~hoaglund/courses.html

This course looks at the effects of present and past glaciations on the landscape and on life, humans in particular. Glaciers are examined as dynamic, climatically controlled systems of moving ice. Climatic and environmental changes concurrent with glaciation, in both continental and oceanic realms, are reviewed. The causes of the ice ages that have dominated the Earth for the past two million years and predictions of future ice ages are examined in the light of current geological and climatic research. The course consists of lectures, one hour exam, and one final exam. Required Course Materials: Course Pack. Recommended Textbook: Ice Age Earth, Late Quaternary Geology and Climate, Dawson, A.G., 1992, Routledge, New York, NY ISBN 0-415-01567-7

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 105. Continents Adrift.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 105 Will Be Offered Jan. 6 to Feb. 24 With Final Exam On Feb. 24 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=January 25).

Instructor(s): Rob Van der Voo (voo@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205 or 146 (or 270). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This one-credit hour course will explore the mobility of the continents and oceans in geological times. Conceptual and factual material will be combined with the principles of plate tectonics and the processes that drive the plates. No special background is recommended, and evaluation will be based on a final exam (with a practice take-home exam mid-way). The goals of this minicourse are to familiarize students with one of the more exciting recent developments in earth sciences, a unifying concept that explains ocean evolution, mountain building, earthquakes and volcanoes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 106. Fossils, Primates, and Human Evolution.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 106 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Philip Gingerich (gingeric@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 125. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Anatomical and behavioral characteristics of living primates are reviewed, and the fossil record is used to document the course of human evolution through the past 60 million years. No special background is required. Students seeking a more detailed course with laboratory exercises may follow this with Geology 438 (Evolution of the Primates). Course consists of 12 lectures, and a one-hour final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 107.001 Will Be Offered Jan. 6 to Feb. 24 With Final Exam On Feb. 24 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=January 25).

Instructor(s): Rebecca Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~becky/

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Geo. 107.002 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 with Final Exam on April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Henry Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 111.001 Will Be Offered Jan. 6 to Feb. 24 With Final Exam On Feb. 24 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=January 25).

Instructor(s): Vicki McKenna (vmckenna@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 201 or 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/geo111.html

The intent of GS 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth: the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 Geo. 111.002 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Henry Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 201 or 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The intent of GS 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth: the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 113. Planets and Moons.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 113 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Peter van Keken (keken@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 204 or 153 (or 278). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This lecture course provides a current survey of the geology and climates of the various bodies of the solar system in light of the extraordinary advances in planetary exploration during the past two decades. Topics treated include historical development of geological ideas about the solar system, planetary evolution, variability of geological processes throughout the solar system, and individual portraits of the principal members of the solar system family. No previous geological background is required. Course grade will be determined from a single objective-type final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 114. The Elements.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 114 Will Be Offered Jan. 6 to Feb. 24 With Final Exam On Feb. 24 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=January 25).

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High School math, physics, and chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 142 (or 266). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~youxue/GS114.html

This lecture course introduces the origin, abundance, and distribution of the elements in the solar system. It is intended for students with an interest in science. The topics include: a review of the periodic table of the elements; stellar evolution and synthesis of the elements; nuclear properties and their relation to the abundance of the elements and their isotopes; chemical properties and their relation to the distribution of the elements in planets and in different reservoirs of a planet. Great pictures of the planets; formation and evolution of planetary atmospheres. Evaluation on the basis of a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 115. Geologic Time.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Geo. 115 Will Be Offered March 7 to April 13 With Final Exam On April 13 or Arranged. (Drop/Add deadline=March 13).

Instructor(s): Lars Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 135 or 145 (or 269). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http: //www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS115/index.html

Examines the age of the earth, the concept and discovery of deep time and its measurement, and implications for the development of our environment. The history of the earth is described from its origin in the circumsolar disk to the formation of the moon, the atmosphere and oceans, the formation of continents, and the origin of life. Final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 117. Introduction to Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 119, or 120. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 117 for 4 credits. (5). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (5).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course is the standard entrance level prerequisite for the geological sciences concentration. Because of that importance, we take its "heartbeat" on a very regular basis to ensure that not only does the course provide an excellent introduction of our discipline to non-science concentrators but also that it perks the interests of students considering geological sciences for a concentration. Several faculty members are involved with this course, and often a two-person team typically composed of a geochemist and a geophysicist teaches it. Our aim is to get the students to gain a familiarity with the fundamentals of geology, and environmental science. We describe and discuss the processes governing the basic building blocks of matter atoms, compounds, minerals and the three types of rocks (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic). We highlight the vastness of geologic time relative to the human lifespan, the central importance of plate tectonics in shaping our planet, the chemical and physical processes that shape Earth's landscapes, and the origin of (and the consequences of our use of) natural resources. The second half of the course focuses on the figure of the Earth (the geoid), its gravitational and magnetic fields, earthquake wave transmission, internal structure and heat flow. The course ends with a provocative discussion about the impact of global chemical changes (both natural and anthropogenic) on climate. Finally, the course has lab and discussion sections, which we visit often but are taught by GSIs. The lab provides hands-on experience with basic geology techniques and materials, with an emphasis on learning to identify minerals and rocks and on understanding and interpreting geologic maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 118. Introductory Geology Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 119, or 205 and 206, or 135. Credit is not granted for GS 118 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (GS 116, 117, or 218). (1). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

The laboratory provides hands-on experience with minerals, rocks, and maps. Participants will learn to identify common minerals and rocks, use topographic and geologic maps, and draw and interpret geologic cross sections. Examples will be drawn from areas of recent glaciation, volcanism, and earthquakes to show how these features are depicted in maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 119. Introductory Geology Lectures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 117, 120. No credit granted to those who have completed both 205 and 206. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 119 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course consists of lectures shared with Geology 117 but does not include the laboratory section. A separate discussion section is also scheduled to insure continuity with class material and student-teacher contact. Students interested in ONE-TERM laboratory introductory science course should elect Geology 117. Lectures and discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 120. Geology of National Parks and Monuments.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Bruce Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is not granted for GS 120 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (116, 117, 119). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 205 and 206. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~eustasy/GS120.html

Geology of National Parks and Monuments approaches Earth history by examining the geology of places rather than by taking a process approach. It is designed for all interested undergraduates at the University of Michigan. The course format consists of three lectures each week and one two-hour demonstration-laboratory period, for four credits. Lecture material deals with the geologic history of selected National Parks and Monuments, which are chosen and scheduled so that those in which the oldest rocks are exposed (thus relating to the earliest portions of Earth history) are covered first. In so doing, we cover Earth history in a temporal progression, but do so by discussing different geographic areas. The demonstration-laboratory portion of the course will give you first-hand experience with rocks, minerals, and fossils; and an opportunity to discuss these in small groups.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 145(269). Evolution of the Earth.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Samuel Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 135. Those with credit for GS 115 may only elect GS 145 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar course is intended for first and second year students with no previous knowledge of, or experience in, the earth sciences. The material will introduce students to the history of the Earth from its formation in the solar nebula, through the development of the continents, oceans, atmosphere, and life to its present state as an active planet. The course will explain how various features of the earth "work," including continental drift, volcanoes, and the formation of most rocks, how theories are developed in geology and how the magnitude of time has been determined. The course will be divided into two halves. In the first half the basic concepts will be explained. In the second half students will each make a presentation covering a relevant subject which will be followed by discussion. Assessment will be by two one-hour examinations and an oral presentation that will form the basis for a term paper. Regular assigned readings from the course text book are essential.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 147(271). Natural Hazards.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 107 or 205 may only elect GS 147 for 2 credits. Those who have credit for both GS 107 and 205 may only elect 147 for 1 credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~ruff/geo147.W00/overview.html

This first-/second-year seminar examines various types of natural hazard such as earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. We make case studies, explore geological and geophysical background, and discuss the social aspects of natural hazards. Each student is given a project, which will be presented in a class and reported as an essay. Evaluation is based on an exam, the presentation and essay. No science background is required, but active participation of students is expected.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 148(272). Seminar: Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 284. Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 148 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on a wide spectrum of possible interactions between people and their physical environment and could be described as a course in applied geology. Fundamental principles important to the study of environmental geology will be presented followed by readings of case histories and discussions of selected environmental problems including natural hazards (flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), water resources, global warming, nuclear waste disposal, and geological aspects of environmental health. Students can study this subject without any previous exposure to the geological sciences. The goal of the seminar is to provide a scientific basis for making informed decisions on the myriad environmental problems that challenge a modern technocratic society. Students will be evaluated on the basis of midterm and final examinations as well as a short term paper and an oral presentation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 148(272). Seminar: Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 People and Their Physical Environment: Applied Geology

Instructor(s): Clara Castro

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 284. Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 148 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on a wide spectrum of possible interactions between people and their physical environment and could be described as a course in applied geology. Fundamental principles important to the study of environmental geology will be presented followed by readings of case histories and discussions of selected environmental problems including natural hazards (flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), water resources, global warming, nuclear waste disposal, and geological aspects of environmental health.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 150(274). Dinosaur Extinction and Other Controversies.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Peter Wilf (pwilf@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pwilf/gs150/gs150.html

One of the most dramatic developments in the Earth sciences is the suggestion that extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by a meteorite impact. Evidence for and against this controversial idea are just one of the subjects addressed by this course, dealing broadly with the history of our planet, the evolution of life upon it, and the sometimes rocky development of our understanding of Earth history. In addition to dinosaur extinction, we will discuss issues relating to catastrophic vs. gradual theories about the Earth's history, fossils and the history of life, mass extinctions (including whether or not we're in the middle of one now), and the evolution vs. scientific creation debate. How are the scientific discoveries made? What distinguishes a scientific argument from a non-scientific one? What roles do social and historical factors play in the construction (and acceptance) of scientific theories? Questions such as these will permeate the course. Readings will be drawn from a variety of sources, including primary scientific literature.

Requirements: Reading, class participation, written assignments, midterm and final exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 151(275). The Ice Ages: Past and Present.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 104 may only elect GS 151 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Characteristics of the Earth's climate system and how various components of that system operate to produce times when extensive ice sheets covered large parts of the Earth's surface. The role in climate change of the oceans, the atmosphere, the ice sheets themselves, orbital variations, and the movement of the continental and ocean boundaries are presented and discussed.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 201/Geography 201. Introductory Geography: Water, Climate, and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 144 (or 268). Those with credit for GS 111 may only elect GS 201 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4; 3 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is a basic introduction to physical geography which emphasizes many topics including maps, seasons, the atmosphere, greenhouse gasses, radiation and heat balance, the dangers of global warming, circulation, moisture and precipitation, air masses, and water supply. Students also study climate classification, and geologic and historical climate changes, and landforms and their formation. Students in this lecture-lab course are evaluated by hourly and final examinations with satisfactory completion of the lab work a prerequisite to the final course evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 3

Geol. Sci. 222. Introductory Oceanography.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 Lab Required For Undergraduate Marine Geology Majors. Optional For Others.

Instructor(s): Vicki McKenna (vmckenna@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AOSS 203. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/oceanography.html

This course introduces students to the scientific study of the oceans. Contents include the shape, structure, and origin of the ocean basins; the sedimentary record of oceanic life and conditions in the past; the composition of seawater and its influence on life and climate; waves and currents; the life of the oceans and how it depends upon the marine environment; the resources of the ocean and their wise use by society. The course format consists of lectures and readings from an assigned textbook. The course grade will be based on three one-hour exams and a two-hour final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/oceanography.html

This course is an optional laboratory intended to provide students with opportunities to explore further various oceanography topics presented in the GS 222 lectures. Laboratory sessions will include sampling procedures, use of equipment, discussions, and demonstrations of how data are generated. The course grade will be based on written laboratory exercises and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 232. Earth Materials.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lars Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem 125/130 or 210/211. Those with credit for GS 231 may elect GS 232 for only 2 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS232/index.html

This course is a required part of the Environmental Geology concentration Program. It comprises an introduction to the inorganic materials that occur near the earth's surface and their role in environmental processes. The course consists of:

In our study of the materials science of nature, we will explore such questions as: How do the physical and chemical nature of earth materials govern our environment? How do bonding and structure determine the properties of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, solid earth, and biosphere? How do transformation and change of earth materials mediate interactions among geospheres? Laboratory will explore the properties and characteristics of gaseous, fluid, and solid earth materials.

There will be a midterm and final exam and a term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 310. Petrology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Samuel B. Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231 and either an introductory geological sciences course or GS 351 to be elected prior to or concurrently with GS 310. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Petrology is the study of the origins of rocks. Emphasis is placed on igneous and metamorphic rocks in this course. The evidence for the deep crustal and upper mantle sources of igneous rocks is traced using petrographic, geochemical, and phase diagrammatic observations. In metamorphic petrology the response of metamorphic rocks to changes in pressure, temperature, and fluid composition will be evaluated, primarily using petrographic and phase equilibrium data. Plate tectonic processes will be tied in to the origin and evolution of many igneous and metamorphic rocks. Some comparisons with extra-terrestrial igneous petrology will be made. The lectures are coordinated with microscopic laboratories using optical techniques to identify and evaluate mineral assemblages. The grade is determined through a combination of midterms, laboratory exams, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 351. Structural Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Josep Pares (jmpares@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 117 or 119. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jmpares/gs351.htm

The description and analysis of geological structures in the Earth's crust and an introduction to global tectonics. Three lectures and one laboratory session weekly. The following topics are covered: the description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; stress, strain, deformation and rheology; introduction to dislocation theory; micro-structural analysis; principles of plate tectonics; selected orogenic systems of the world. This is a core course for concentrators, but is open to all who want to have a basic knowledge of geology. Evaluation is based on graded lab assignments, a lab test, and three exams. Textbooks: Earth Structure An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics, 1997, by B. A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak (lectures) and Basic Methods of Structural Geology by S. Marshak and G. Mitra (labs).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 427. Environmental and Technological Applications of Mineralogy.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Rodney Ewing (rodewing@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Geology 231/232, comparable courses in the solid-state, or the approval of the instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is designed to attract those students with an interest and background in solid-state sciences. The emphasis will be on the combination of fundamental principles with application to environmental and technological problems.

Major topics include:

Upper-level undergraduates and first year graduate students in geology, materials science, and engineering. lecture. The lecture will be supplemented by readings from current scientific journals. Grades will be based on homework assignments, a term paper and an oral presentation of the paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 430. Depositional Environments.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kyger Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

GS 430 (Depositional Environments) is an upper division course dealing with advanced concepts in the deposition of sedimentary rocks. It is intended for seniors and entering graduate students in the geological sciences with some background training in depositional processes such as a previous course in sedimentary geology or stratigraphy. Course material includes examination of important processes and products of sediment accumulation in the major terrigenous clastic, carbonate, and evaporite depositional systems including both continental and oceanic settings.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 438. Evolution of the Primates.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Philip Gingerich (gingeric@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Anatomical and behavioral characteristics of living primates are reviewed and the fossil record of primates is covered in detail, illustrating how fossils document the history of primates and the tempo and mode of primate evolution. This course includes three lectures and a laboratory each week, one midterm exam, a research paper, and a final exam. Introductory geology and biology are recommended as background.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 449. Marine Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 222/223 or introductory physical geology. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an examination of the geology of the ocean basins and the adjacent continental margins. Topics covered include methods of marine data collection, geologic structure of the ocean floor and margins, sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics, the processes of terrigenous, biogenous and chemical sedimentation, and the interpretation of the sedimentary record in terms of past ocean circulation and global climate history.

Grades are based on a midterm and final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 478. Geochemistry of Natural Waters.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lynn Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: College chemistry. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Principles of low temperature geochemistry applied to the origin and evolution of natural waters. Involves integrated lecture, field sampling, laboratory experimentation, and problem solving to relate chemical equilibrium and kinetic concepts to actual observations of natural and model systems.

Will focus on solution-mineral-gas equilibria and mass transfer, with special emphasis on the interplay between the organic and inorganic carbon systems. Because microbial and biochemical processing are integral to surficial geochemical processes, these will be considered in depth. Near surface (soil solutions, streams, lakes, estuaries and oceans) and subsurface (groundwaters, basinal brines, deep ocean waters) environments will be addressed. Methodology of water collection, field and lab chemical analyses, and computational software application to mineral and solution equilibria will be featured.

Three hours of lecture and a three hour practicum each week. Evaluation based on an observer notebook, problem solving and a research project in the student's area of interest.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

Geol. Sci. 483. Geophysics: Seismology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent election of Math. 215 and Phys. 240. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~ruff/geo483.W00/overview483.html

This course studies physics of earthquakes and the Earth's interior. Various seismological techniques to infer those from seismic waves are presented. Most treatments are application of physics to the real Earth and basic knowledge of math and physics is required. Geological background is not required. The outline of the course is: (1) basic seismological information including spatial and temporal distribution of earthquakes, magnitude and intensity scales, locating earthquakes, and seismometry; (2) elastic wave theory including stress and strain, seismic wave equations, body and surface waves, refraction and reflection, free oscillations of the Earth; (3) the Earth's structure; (4) earthquake source models. Lecture and laboratory.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 489. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 490.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 490. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 489.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Geol. Sci. 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

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