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Winter Academic Term 2001 Course Guide

Note: You must establish a session for Winter Term 2001 on wolverineaccess.umich.edu in order to use the link "Check Times, Location, and Availability". Once your session is established, the links will function.

Courses in Geological Sciences

This page was created at 9:29 AM on Wed, Nov 1, 2000.

Winter Term, 2001 (January 4 April 26)

Open courses in Geological Sciences

Wolverine Access Subject listing for GEOSCI

Take me to the Winter Term '01 Time Schedule for Geological Sciences.

To see what has been added to or changed in Geological Sciences this week go to What's New This Week.

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Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

G.S. 100-115 are short (half-term) courses. They consist of detailed examinations of restricted geologic topics. The department lists the specific courses from this series in the Time Schedule for the terms they are offered (fall and winter terms only). Each course, when offered, meets twice weekly for half of the term (first half or second half), and the specific dates for each course are printed in the Time Schedule. These courses are designed primarily for students with no prior geologic training and they are open to all interested persons. G.S. 100-115 are offered on the graded pattern (optional pass/fail).


GEOSCI 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 JANUARY 4 TO FEBRUARY 22

Instructor(s): Philip A Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 156 (or 260). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms. By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 MARCH 1 TO APRIL 17

Instructor(s): Kyger C Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 156 (or 260). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~kacey/ugrad/courses.html

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms. By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 103. Dinosaurs and Other Failures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 MARCH 1 TO APRIL 17

Instructor(s): Jeffrey A Wilson

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 149 (or 273). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will provide an introduction to our current understanding of dinosaurs and certain other reptilian groups of the Mesozoic Era. It is intended for students with an interest in geology, paleontology, or evolution, but does not require prior training in these fields. The course will deal with broad features of the evolutionary history of dinosaurs, methods of reconstructing dinosaur behavior and ecology, new developments in our interpretation of the biology of dinosaurs, and possible causes for the extinction of dinosaurs. There will be two lectures each week and a single exam at the end of the course.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 106. Fossils, Primates, and Human Evolution.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 JANUARY 4 TO FEBRUARY 22

Instructor(s): Philip D Gingerich (gingeric@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 125. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Anatomical and behavioral characteristics of living primates are reviewed, and the fossil record is used to document the course of human evolution through the past 60 million years. No special background is required. Students seeking a more detailed course with laboratory exercises may follow this with Geology 438 (Evolution of the Primates). Course consists of 12 lectures, and a one-hour final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 JANUARY 4 TO FEBRUARY 22

Instructor(s): Henry N Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 MARCH 1 TO APRIL 17

Instructor(s): Larry John Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 205, 146, or 147 (or 270 or 271). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The course is a study of the earth in action and includes the following topics: geography of earthquakes and volcanoes; catastrophic events in historic times; size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions; the products of volcanism; volcanic rocks; volcanic activity through geologic time; volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans; relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the Earth; volcanism and geothermal energy; manmade earthquakes; and earthquake prediction and control. Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 110. The History of the Oceans.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 MARCH 1 TO APRIL 17

Instructor(s): Vicki S McKenna (vmckenna@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/geo110.html

The history of past oceanic inhabitants, events, and environments is recorded in the sediments which have accumulated on the ocean bottom throughout geological time. Fossils of marine plants and animals are a major part of the historical record; they give evidence of past oceanic living conditions and the evolution of life forms in the sea. Sediment particles eroded from land and carried to the oceans by rivers and winds provide insights into past climates on continents. Changes in ocean currents and in seawater chemistry have left their mark on the sediment record; the possible causes of these changes are explored. Plate tectonics and seafloor spreading have rearranged the shapes of ocean basins and repositioned continents over time. These processes are reflected in the record in marine sediments still present on the ocean floor and also in those now uplifted to form part of the continents. A single exam at the end of the course will determine the course grade.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 JANUARY 4 TO FEBRUARY 22

Instructor(s): Theodore C Moore Jr (tedmoore@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 201 or 151 (or 275). (1). (NS). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The intent of GS 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth; the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect-Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 117. Introduction to Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina R Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 119, or 120. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 117 for 4 credits. (5). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (5).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course is the standard entrance level prerequisite for the geological sciences concentration. Because of that importance, we take its "heartbeat" on a very regular basis to ensure that not only does the course provide an excellent introduction of our discipline to non-science concentrators but also that it perks the interests of students considering geological sciences for a concentration. Several faculty members are involved with this course, and often a two-person team typically composed of a geochemist and a geophysicist teaches it. Our aim is to get the students to gain a familiarity with the fundamentals of geology, and environmental science. We describe and discuss the processes governing the basic building blocks of matter atoms, compounds, minerals and the three types of rocks (igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic). We highlight the vastness of geologic time relative to the human lifespan, the central importance of plate tectonics in shaping our planet, the chemical and physical processes that shape Earth's landscapes, and the origin of (and the consequences of our use of) natural resources. The second half of the course focuses on the figure of the Earth (the geoid), its gravitational and magnetic fields, earthquake wave transmission, internal structure and heat flow. The course ends with a provocative discussion about the impact of global chemical changes (both natural and anthropogenic) on climate. Finally, the course has lab and discussion sections, which we visit often but are taught by GSIs. The lab provides hands-on experience with basic geology techniques and materials, with an emphasis on learning to identify minerals and rocks and on understanding and interpreting geologic maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 118. Introductory Geology Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 119, or 205 and 206, or 135. Credit is not granted for GS 118 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (GS 116, 117, or 218). (1). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

The laboratory provides hands-on experience with minerals, rocks, and maps. Participants will learn to identify common minerals and rocks, use topographic and geologic maps, and draw and interpret geologic cross sections. Examples will be drawn from areas of recent glaciation, volcanism, and earthquakes to show how these features are depicted in maps.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 119. Introductory Geology Lectures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina R Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 117, 120. No credit granted to those who have completed both 205 and 206. Those with credit for GS 205 may only elect GS 119 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/117/gs117.html

This course consists of lectures shared with Geology 117 but does not include the laboratory section. A separate discussion section is also scheduled to insure continuity with class material and student-teacher contact. Students interested in ONE-TERM laboratory introductory science course should elect Geology 117. Lectures and discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 120. Geology of National Parks and Monuments.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Bruce H Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is not granted for GS 120 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (116, 117, 119). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 205 and 206. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~eustasy/GS120.html

Geology of National Parks and Monuments approaches Earth history by examining the geology of places rather than by taking a process approach. It is designed for all interested undergraduates at the University of Michigan. The course format consists of three lectures each week and one two-hour demonstration-laboratory period, for four credits. Lecture material deals with the geologic history of selected National Parks and Monuments, which are chosen and scheduled so that those in which the oldest rocks are exposed (thus relating to the earliest portions of Earth history) are covered first. In so doing, we cover Earth history in a temporal progression, but do so by discussing different geographic areas. The demonstration-laboratory portion of the course will give you first-hand experience with rocks, minerals, and fossils; and an opportunity to discuss these in small groups.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 142(266). From Stars to Stones.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 114 may only elect GS 142 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~youxue/GS266.html

From Stars to Stones starts from stellar evolution and the formation of the elements in stars, and ends at the formation of terrestrial planets (especially our Earth) from these elements and the early evolution of these planets. Students will learn cosmochemical and geochemical concepts and methods, and apply them to study several theme topics. The theme topics may include: origin of the elements, lifetime of the sun, abundance of the elements, age of the Earth and solar system, origin of the Earth, internal structure of the Earth, planetary atmospheres, and meteorites. Though factual knowledge is an important part of the course, emphasis is on how scientists study and solve problems and how science progresses using historical examples. (Quantitative reasoning will be an important part of the course.)

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 145(269). Evolution of the Earth.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Samuel B Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 135. Those with credit for GS 115 may only elect GS 145 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar course is intended for first and second year students with no previous knowledge of, or experience in, the earth sciences. The material will introduce students to the history of the Earth from its formation in the solar nebula, through the development of the continents, oceans, atmosphere, and life to its present state as an active planet. The course will explain how various features of the earth "work," including continental drift, volcanoes, and the formation of most rocks, how theories are developed in geology and how the magnitude of time has been determined. The course will be divided into two halves. In the first half the basic concepts will be explained. In the second half students will each make a presentation covering a relevant subject which will be followed by discussion. Assessment will be by two one-hour examinations and an oral presentation that will form the basis for a term paper. Regular assigned readings from the course text book are essential.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 147(271). Natural Hazards.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry John Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 107 or 205 may only elect GS 147 for 2 credits. Those who have credit for both GS 107 and 205 may only elect 147 for 1 credit. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This first-/second-year seminar examines various types of natural hazard such as earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, and tornadoes. We make case studies, explore geological and geophysical background, and discuss the social aspects of natural hazards. Each student is given a project, which will be presented in a class and reported as an essay. Evaluation is based on an exam, the presentation and essay. No science background is required, but active participation of students is expected.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 148(272). Seminar: Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola H Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 284. Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 148 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on a wide spectrum of possible interactions between people and their physical environment and could be described as a course in applied geology. Fundamental principles important to the study of environmental geology will be presented followed by readings of case histories and discussions of selected environmental problems including natural hazards (flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), water resources, global warming, nuclear waste disposal, and geological aspects of environmental health. Students can study this subject without any previous exposure to the geological sciences. The goal of the seminar is to provide a scientific basis for making informed decisions on the myriad environmental problems that challenge a modern technocratic society. Students will be evaluated on the basis of midterm and final examinations as well as a short term paper and an oral presentation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 148(272). Seminar: Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002.

Instructor(s): M C Cruz Da Silva Castro (mccatro@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 284. Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 148 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on a wide spectrum of possible interactions between people and their physical environment. Fundamental principles important to the study of environmental geology will be presented followed by readings of case histories and discussions of selected environmental problems, in particular those of anthropogenic origin. Examples of topics discussed include issues related to global warming, energy (fossil fuels, nuclear energy), water resources (impacts of excessive groundwater withdrawal, allocation of surface water rights), radioactive waste disposal, and geological aspects of environmental health.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 150(274). Dinosaur Extinction and Other Controversies.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Peter D Wilf (pwilf@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~pwilf/gs150/gs150.html

One of the most dramatic developments in the Earth sciences is the suggestion that extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by a meteorite impact. Evidence for and against this controversial idea are just one of the subjects addressed by this course, dealing broadly with the history of our planet, the evolution of life upon it, and the sometimes rocky development of our understanding of Earth history. In addition to dinosaur extinction, we will discuss issues relating to catastrophic vs. gradual theories about the Earth's history, fossils and the history of life, mass extinctions (including whether or not we're in the middle of one now), and the evolution vs. scientific creation debate. How are the scientific discoveries made? What distinguishes a scientific argument from a non-scientific one? What roles do social and historical factors play in the construction (and acceptance) of scientific theories? Questions such as these will permeate the course. Readings will be drawn from a variety of sources, including primary scientific literature.

Requirements: Reading, class participation, written assignments, midterm and final exams.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 151(275). The Ice Ages: Past and Present.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John R Hoaglund (hoaglund@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 104 may only elect GS 151 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Characteristics of the Earth's climate system and how various components of that system operate to produce times when extensive ice sheets covered large parts of the Earth's surface. The role in climate change of the oceans, the atmosphere, the ice sheets themselves, orbital variations, and the movement of the continental and ocean boundaries are presented and discussed.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 152(276). Coastal Systems and Human Settlements.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Bruce H Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 101 may only elect GS 152 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Coastal Systems and Human Settlements is a freshman-level, seminar-format course directed toward an introduction to the importance of natural processes in and consequences of human development along various coastal settings. Study of the ramifications of short-term settlement in areas of long-term subsidence and/or coastal erosion will be used as a means to better comprehend the various repercussions of human interaction with natural systems. In a small class setting the course will introduce students to those geologic processes which have given rise to coastlines of the world, will establish a basis for understanding why these regions have been in a state of rapid change for thousands of years, will examine the reasons why human modification of coasts and adjacent rivers has commonly exacerbated this situation, and will explore the ramifications of anticipated global warming and attendant global sea level rise in the coming decades.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 4

GEOSCI 153(278). Earthlike Planets.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Peter Van Keken (keken@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school science and math recommended. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. Those with credit for GS 113 may only elect GS 153 for 2 credits. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This first-year seminar introduces in a small class room setting the terrestrial planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, and Mars. Physical and chemical studies of the solid planets allow for a better understanding of the evolution and future of our own world. This class combines an historical perspective with modern scientific approaches, augmented by the wealth of very recent planetary studies. The class grade is based on class participation, two exams, and a final project, which consists of a written report and an oral presentation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 4

GEOSCI 201/Geography 201. Introductory Geography: Water, Climate, and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola H Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 144 (or 268). Those with credit for GS 111 may only elect GS 201 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4; 3 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is a basic introduction to physical geography which emphasizes many topics including maps, seasons, the atmosphere, greenhouse gasses, radiation and heat balance, the dangers of global warming, circulation, moisture and precipitation, air masses, and water supply. Students also study climate classification, and geologic and historical climate changes, and landforms and their formation. Students in this lecture-lab course are evaluated by hourly and final examinations with satisfactory completion of the lab work a prerequisite to the final course evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 205. How the Earth Works: the Dynamic Planet.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jeffrey C Alt (jalt@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 117, 119, or 146 (or 270). No credit granted to those who have completed both GS 105 and 107. Those with credit for one of GS 105 and 107 may only elect GS 205 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The dynamic Earth has given us oceans, continents, and an atmosphere. Its continuing activity is manifested today by the destructive powers of such natural phenomena as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and mountain building. The unifying concept of plate tectonics contains the clue to the shape and changes in the physical environment of the Earth from its initial formation to today. Our goal is to present a fully integrated approach to the evolving Earth's unique features in our solar system and explain its physical and chemical principles using conceptual and factual material. Extensive use is made of videos, slides, and classroom demonstrations. Two lectures/week; evaluation based on midterm and final exam. No special background required. Course reading: Earth Science Today by Brendan Murphy and Damian Nance. This course can be taken singly or concurrently with its companion course (GS 206); together they constitute a balanced introduction to modern earth sciences.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 206. How the Earth Works: the Water Cycle and Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carola H Stearns (cstearns@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Those with credit for GS 109 may only elect GS 206 for 1 credit. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course describes behavior of earth materials in the surficial environment. Water is the main transport agent in the geological cycle; its unique properties and exchange rates among oceans, lakes, rivers, and groundwater are one focus. Interaction between water reservoirs and physical and chemical weathering of soils, sediments, and rocks also are discussed. Impact of humans on the surficial environment is a unifying theme because we can affect hydrologic and geochemical cycles. No special background required. Two lectures per week. Evaluation based on exams and participation. This course, and its companion course (GS 205), may be taken singly or concurrently and together constitute a balanced introduction to modern earth science.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 207. How the Earth Works: A Hands-On Experience.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lynn M Walter (lmwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 116, 117, 118, or 120. (2). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course involves a one-hour lecture and a two-hour hands-on "practicum" weekly. It is intended for students interested in environmental issues, in particular the relationship between earth sciences and short-term (on the order of years) human concerns. We will examine the earth science which underlies environmental issues facing the earth's surface (water and air pollution, biologic and atmospheric changes, seabed and climate changes). Hands-on activities include groundwater and surface water systems, soils, glacial geology, lal6 deposits, and more. The class provides an introductory, hands-on approach to understanding and solving these problems. Because you will get a solid understanding of major environmental issues, the class can serve as a pre-concentration requirement in environmental geology. Reading: Our Changing Planet by F. MacKenzie (1998).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 222. Introductory Oceanography.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Vicki S Mckenna (vmckenna@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AOSS 203. (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vmckenna/oceanography.html

This course introduces students to the scientific study of the oceans. Contents include the shape, structure, and origin of the ocean basins; the sedimentary record of oceanic life and conditions in the past; the composition of seawater and its influence on life and climate; waves and currents; the life of the oceans and how it depends upon the marine environment; the resources of the ocean and their wise use by society. The course format consists of lectures and readings from an assigned textbook. The course grade will be based on three one-hour exams and a two-hour final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s): Rebecca Sprague Robinson

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in GS 222. (1). (NS). (BS). (QR/2).

Half QR

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an optional laboratory intended to provide students with opportunities to explore further various oceanography topics presented in the GS 222 lectures. Laboratory sessions will include sampling procedures, use of equipment, discussions, and demonstrations of how data are generated. The course grade will be based on written laboratory exercises and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 232. Earth Materials.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lars P Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem 125/130 or 210/211. Those with credit for GS 231 may elect GS 232 for only 2 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS232/index.html

This course is a required part of the Environmental Geology concentration Program. It comprises an introduction to the inorganic materials that occur near the earth's surface and their role in environmental processes. The course consists of:

  • an introduction to matter, review of the elements and the structure of the atoms;
  • the nature of gases and molecules in the earth's atmosphere and their role in precipitation, sunlight filtration, and other processes;
  • geological fluids and the hydrosphere;
  • solid earth materials including minerals, their systematics, relationships between structure, bonding and behavior, and their combination in composites (rocks); and
  • processes and concepts such as diagenesis, the evolution of soils, and global geochemical cycles, in which all geospheres participate in essential ways.

In our study of the materials science of nature, we will explore such questions as: How do the physical and chemical nature of earth materials govern our environment? How do bonding and structure determine the properties of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, solid earth, and biosphere? How do transformation and change of earth materials mediate interactions among geospheres? Laboratory will explore the properties and characteristics of gaseous, fluid, and solid earth materials.

There will be a midterm and final exam and a term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 284. Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Joyce Margaret Budai

Prerequisites & Distribution: No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GS 148 (or 272). Those with credit for GS 147 (or 271) may only elect GS 284 for 3 credits. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Environmental Geology deals with interactions between people and the Earth. It begins with an introduction to geologic materials and processes and goes on to specific topics such as soil, surface and ground water, natural hazards (volcanism, landslides, earthquakes, floods, coastal processes), geomedicine, and waste disposal. Previous experience in geology is not required. The course includes three lectures and one discussion period (in which homework exercises are explained and discussed) per week. Evaluation is by means of quizzes, exercises, and a final exam. A book and exercise pack are required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 310. Petrology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric J Essene (essene@umich.edu) , Rebecca Ann Lange (becky@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 231 and either an introductory geological sciences course or GS 351 to be elected prior to or concurrently with GS 310. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Petrology is the study of the origins of rocks. Emphasis is placed on igneous and metamorphic rocks in this course. The evidence for the deep crustal and upper mantle sources of igneous rocks is traced using petrographic, geochemical, and phase diagrammatic observations. In metamorphic petrology the response of metamorphic rocks to changes in pressure, temperature, and fluid composition will be evaluated, primarily using petrographic and phase equilibrium data. Plate tectonic processes will be tied in to the origin and evolution of many igneous and metamorphic rocks. Some comparisons with extra-terrestrial igneous petrology will be made. The lectures are coordinated with microscopic laboratories using optical techniques to identify and evaluate mineral assemblages. The grade is determined through a combination of midterms, laboratory exams, and a final. o the origin and evolution of many igneous and metamorphic rocks. Some comparisons with extra-terrestrial igneous petrology will be made. The lectures are coordinated with microscopic laboratories using optical techniques to identify and evaluate mineral assemblages. The grade is determined through a combination of midterms, laboratory exams, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 351. Structural Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): B Van Der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 117 or 119. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The description and analysis of geological structures in the Earth's crust and an introduction to global tectonics. Three lectures and one laboratory session weekly. The following topics are covered: the description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; stress, strain, deformation and rheology; introduction to dislocation theory; micro-structural analysis; principles of plate tectonics; selected orogenic systems of the world. This is a core course for concentrators, but is open to all who want to have a basic knowledge of geology. Evaluation is based on graded lab assignments, a lab test, and three exams. Textbooks: Earth Structure An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics, 1997, by B. A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak (lectures) and Basic Methods of Structural Geology by S. Marshak and G. Mitra (labs).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 418. Paleontology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Daniel C Fisher (dcfisher@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 117 or Biol. 162. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an introduction to the principles, methods of analysis, and major controversies within paleontology. It will familiarize the student with the fossil record (primarily, but not exclusively, of multicellular organisms) and its use in dealing with problems in evolutionary biology, paleoecology, and general earth history. Three lectures weekly; midterm, final examination, and term paper. Required text: Raup and Stanley, Principles of Paleontology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 419. Paleontology Laboratory.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GS 418. (1). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an introductory laboratory in paleontology. It will involve observation, analysis, and interpretation of fossil specimens (primarily invertebrates) and relevant material of living organisms. Its goal is to give the student experience in dealing with paleontological problems and to develop a familiarity with the systematics and morphology of important groups of fossil organisms. Students should be registered concurrently or previously in GS 418. One three-hour lab weekly; lab exercises, midterm, and final examination. Recommended text: Clarkson, Invertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (3rd ed.).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 425. Environmental Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Joel D Blum (jdblum@umich.edu) , Philip A Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Introductory chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course deals with geochemistry as it relates to humans and their geologic environment. The intended audience for the course includes advanced undergraduates and graduate students in Geological Sciences, as well as students at a similar level in related divisions such as Chemistry, Natural Resources, Public Health, and Engineering. The course reviews the composition of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere and the ways that they are related to the composition of the biosphere. Special attention is given to naturally-occurring elements and compounds of environmental interest and to geochemical processes of environmental significance. Lecture material is supplemented by problem sets and discussions. Evaluation is based on these assignments, as well as a midterm and a final exam. Reading comes largely from a course pack, class handouts, and research papers.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 439. Fossil Record and Evolution of Mammals.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Philip D Gingerich (gingeric@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course studies the contribution of fossil record to our understanding of the evolutionary process and the origin, radiation, and systematic relationships of mammals. Emphasis on functional morphology, rates of change, origin of modern mammalian orders in the Paleocene and Eocene, and the Eocene to Recent history of whales.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 445/Biology 445. Biogeography.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Gerald Ray Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162. Historical Geology (or equivalent) is recommended. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.personal.umich.edu/~grsmith/

See Biology 445.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 449. Marine Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David K Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GS 222/223 or introductory physical geology. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is an examination of the geology of the ocean basins and the adjacent continental margins. Topics covered include methods of marine data collection, geologic structure of the ocean floor and margins, sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics, the processes of terrigenous, biogenous and chemical sedimentation, and the interpretation of the sedimentary record in terms of past ocean circulation and global climate history.

Grades are based on a midterm and final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 451. Introductory Earth Structure.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of Instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course offers description and interpretation of geological structures in the Earth's crust and an introduction to global plate tectonics. Topics covered are: mechanics, stress, strain and deformation; hand-specimen and field description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; flow of rocks (rheology); introduction to dislocation theory; microstructural analysis; principles of plate tectonics; tectonic evolution of selected regions. The course is aimed at those with an interest in geology beyond the introductory level, as well as students who want a basic understanding of the outer Earth's physical properties. Geology and oceanography concentrators should not enroll in GS451, but elect GS351. Geology graduate students may take this course for credit by permission only. The class meets for three weekly lectures, together with GS351; however, laboratory sessions are not included. Grading is based on three exams. Textbook: Earth Structure, 1997, by B.A. van der Pluijm and S. Marshak.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 477. Hydrogeology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): M C Cruz Da Silva Castro (mccastro@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Phys. 140/141, Chem. 125/130, and Math. 116; Math. 215/216 are recommended. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course provides an introduction to physical and chemical hydrogeology. Emphasis is on process and direct application to geological settings and fieldwork and problem solving are important course components. The hydrologic cycle, physical rock framework, and properties of aquifer systems will be described and quantified. We will develop and apply transport equations and examples of fluid, watershed and subsurface energy, and chemical transport in porous and fractured geologic media. In addition to stated prerequisites, Math 216 is also strongly recommended. Evaluation is based on weekly practicum/problem sets.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 489. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 490.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: "5, Permission of Instructor"

GEOSCI 490. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 489.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: "5, Permission of Instructor"

GEOSCI 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: "5, Permission of Instructor"

GEOSCI 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with Geol. Sci. 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: "5, Permission of Instructor"

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