250. Sophomore Seminar. Open to Honors students. (3). (SS).
Section 001: Introduction to Historical Research.
Understanding of the past necessarily rests upon the study and assessment of a great variety of records. These range from archaeological finds, official government documents, newspapers, diaries, letters to rare books. Historians depend heavily upon the fact that such materials have been collected and preserved by museums, archives, and even families. Here at Michigan are two well-known repositories of historical materials, one the Bentley Library on North Campus, and the other the Clements Library on South University Avenue. The first collects primarily those source materials that relate to Michigan history, and the second collects primarily materials pertaining to the discovery and early settlement of North America. Early in the term we shall visit each library to see something of the range and texture of their holdings. Then, each student will carve out a modest historical problem or issue that can be addressed from these sources during the remainder of the term. Then the task will be to examine pertinent manuscript collections, take suitable notes, and put together an original work of history. Again, the scope must necessarily be limited by the materials available and the time available to complete it. WL:3 (Livermore)

Section 002: Integration, Segregation, and Diversity in Contemporary America. The contemporary debate on "multiculturism" has seemingly drawn nearly equal numbers of supporters and detractors. On one side, advocates of ethnic pluralism and diversity argue that American society must come to grips with the realities of the "new" racial and ethnic diversity if the country is to exist as a genuinely inclusive democracy. On the other side, critics of the recent "fever of ethnicity" argue that such advocacy far too often degenerates into a romantic, uncritical "celebration" of diversity for its own sake, ignoring the positive aspects of the historic ideal of a common culture. This seminar will explore these issues through intense readings and discussion, a portfolio, a short research paper/project, and weekly seminar reports on selected ethnic groups (e.g., Blacks, Chinese, Germans, Irish, Italians, Japanese, Jews, Mexicans, Native Americans, and Puerto Ricans). The central texts are Ronald Takaki, ed., From Different Shores: Perspectives on Race and Ethnicity in America, Thomas Sowell's Ethnic America: A History, Mary C. Waters', Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America, mMilton M. Gordon, ed., America as a Multicultural Society, and Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man. Cost:3 WL:1 (B. Allen)

Section 003: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Students will investigate the sets of problem solving and critical thinking. Term papers will be edited and compiled to make up a handbook for publication and distribution. Guest lecturers will be invited to present their insights into these areas. (Whitehouse)

251. Sophomore Seminar. Open to Honors students. (3). (HU).
Section 001: The Structure of Inquiry.
What do the following ideas have in common?: virtual reality; right to privacy; censorship; intellectual freedom; free speech; information overload; intellectual property; morphing; information ethics, bias in information transfer; cyberpunk; information economics. They are all issues and aspects of our so-called "information age." Designed to provide students with a better understanding of the complexities and implications of our knowledge based society, this course will investigate the ways in which our everyday lives and methods of scholarly investigation have been profoundly altered by technology and the information explosion. Through readings, class discussions and papers, students will have the opportunity to explore selected information issues in depth, and will develop an understanding of the comparative methods of inquiry and knowledge dissemination within and across the sciences, arts, and social science disciplines. WL:3 (MacAdam)

Section 002: Introduction to Modern Hebrew Poetry Themes, Locations, and Poetic Philosophies. The celebrated poet Yehuda Amichai (1924- ) has frequently commented on the influence the late poet Lea Goldberg (1911 1970) has had on his own writing. Both poets share Jerusalem as the central scenery of their poetic works. We shall acquaint ourselves with Lea Goldberg's poetry in English translation and will then go on to read central poems of Yehuda Amichai's early work. Then we shall explore some aspects of the Tel-Aviv's literary world beginning with works by Avraham Shlonsky and Natan Alterman (mainly from the thirties and forties) and of the New Waves (Generation of the State) poets (mainly from the fifties and sixties). In the works of these poets we can trace the evolution of the concept of modernism in Israeli poetry. The tension between historical commitment and an individual point of view has been felt in Hebrew poetry since Bialik (1873-1934); we shall look at this duality and at other related dilemmas. Some reference will be made to general theories of modernism in world poetry and to questions from the domain of linguistic philosophy. All texts will be read in English. Students will be asked to give one presentation in class and one final paper, preferably based on the class presentation. WL:3 (Hertz)

252. Sophomore Seminar. Open to Honors students. (3). (NS).
Section 001: Numbers, Reasons, and Data.
For Winter Term, 1993, this course is jointly offered with Humanities Institute 111.001. THIS COURSE IS BY INVITATION ONLY. Applications available in the Honors office, 1210 Angell Hall. WL:3 (Bookstein)

Section 002: The Nature of Evidence. Seminar discussions will cover some current and classical controversies in science, using examples from exhibited material in the Exhibit Museum. Aspects examined will be human interactions in the search for truth and professional stature, tests of truth and of hypotheses, reliability and independence of "evidence," and ethics, morality, and honesty in science and education. No special background is required, but an interest in scientific method is recommended. No text is required. Evaluations will be based on papers or projects selected jointly between instructor and students. WL:3 (Moore)

Section 003: Ideas in Molecular Biology. All too often in introductory biology courses, students become so inundated with "facts" that they take little time to see science as a process. In this seminar, we will discuss some of the key experiments and techniques of the past 30 years that have ignited a veritable explosion in understanding of molecular biology, embracing theory and technology. Students are expected to lead and to take part in discussions. Extensive reading will be necessary, both in short and (relatively) inexpensive paperback text and also in original scientific publications. There will be two substantial writing assignments. We may even be able to witness major changes in understanding during the term, as new information is announced and published. Prerequisites: Biology 152 or Biology 100 and Chemistry 215. WL:1 (Shappiro)

493. College Honors Seminar. Upperclass standing; and permission of instructor or of the Honors Director. (2-3). (Excl).
Section 001: Health Care In America.
The course will explore how changing social, economic, technological, political and demographic realities have combined to shape the current economic challenges and the various educational and ethical dilemmas confronting America's Health Care System. The unanticipated impact of these changes on the quality and cost of the System as well as access to it will be explored. The nature of the Risks and Choices involved in seeking and selecting solutions (with both short and long-term consequences) will also be examined. Special consideration will be given to the role and consequence of gender, race, age, and other relevant factors as moderating variables. Requirements include a special project report and a paper for the course. (Matina Horner, former President of Radcliffe College, now Executive Vice President of TIAA-CREF, a major insurer)

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