ASIAN LANGUAGES AND CULTURES

COURSES IN Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

220/Asian Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

This course is an introduction to the heritage of the major Asian religious traditions. Hinduism (India), Confucianism and Taoism (China), Shinto (Japan), and Buddhism (India, Tibet, China, Japan) will be considered against their cultural backgrounds, and against the background of human religiousness in general. To lend coherence to the vast and diverse field of study known as "Asian religions," we will focus on certain universal themes, such as death and the afterlife, world denying vs. world affirming ideals, and modes of religious expression in the so-called philosophical vs. popular traditions. There are three hours of lectures, and one discussion section per week, with occasional use of slides and films. There is no prerequisite for the course. Requirements will include a midterm and final exam, and one short paper. Cost:4 WL:1 (Lopez)

406. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the student's primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). The course offers explanations in the phonology of literary Tibetan ("Lhasa Dialect"), nominal derivation, syntax of the nominal particles, verbal conjugation and suffixes, and the standard script (dbu-can). All reading exercises will be taken directly from classical sources. Cost:1 WL:3 (Lopez)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

Chinese 102 (Beginning Chinese) is a continuation of Chinese 101. The textbooks are Beginning Chinese and Beginning Chinese Reader (Part I and II), both by John DeFrancis. Students are required to listen to tapes after class (at least 5 or 6 hours a week). We meet five hours a week two hours of lecture and three hours of drills. In Chinese 102 we do two lessons from BCR each week. Readings are longer than in Chinese 101 and will take much of a students time outside of class toward the end of the term. Students have to do question-answer sheets twice a week. Students are also required to memorize short dialogues similar to those we did in Chinese 101. Toward the end of the term students have to write a skit together with other students and their performance will be video-taped and their pronunciation will be graded. We have a test or quiz each week on Thursdays. In general the workload in Chinese 102 is much heavier than that in Chinese 101. NOTE: NO VISITORS ARE ALLOWED. Cost:3 WL:4 (Tao)

202. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 201. Its goals are twofold: (1) to achieve a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 900 characters and accompanying combinations; (2) to continue improving aural understanding and speaking competence. Classes are conducted solely in Chinese. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, weekly quizzes or tests, homework assignments, essays. The texts are Intermediate Reader of Modern Chinese and the movie script The Great Wall. Cost:3 WL:1 (Liang)

302. Reading and Writing Chinese. Permission of instructor. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Chinese 201 or 202. (4). (LR).

This course is designed for students with native or near-native speaking ability in Chinese and who know approximately 400 characters. Meeting four hours per week, Chinese 302 focuses on reading and writing Chinese and covers the regular 201-202 reading material except for the movie script A Great Wall. Students will be graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, daily quizzes, periodic tests, and homework assignments. The text is Intermediate Reader of Modern Chinese. Cost:2 WL:1 (Liang)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Mandarin Chinese (UM courses Chinese 101 through 202, or equivalent courses at another institution). The purpose of Chinese 378 is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first- and second-year Chinese by providing two hours a week for students to talk, talk, and talk. This is accomplished through presentation of brief speeches and discussions on topics selected by the class. The role of the instructor, who serves as a coordinator for the class, is not to teach students how to speak Chinese, but to encourage and coach them in speaking Chinese. Vocabulary lists will be provided before and after each discussion session. The grade will be determined by students' attendance, participation in discussion, oral presentations, and vocabulary quizzes. This course is not for native speakers, auditors, or sit-ins. One will not achieve much in this course if he/she tends to habitually cut class, or is a bored listener or a passive talker. Cost:1 WL:1 (Liang)

406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 405. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, Advanced Spoken Chinese ). Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. WL:4 (Baxter)

432. Contemporary Social Science Texts. Chinese 431 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 431. It is intended for students who have an interest in the field of social sciences as it applies to China. Though the skills of reading original Chinese articles which focus on politics, economics, diplomacy, history, and culture are especially emphasized, the course also aims to develop practical listening, speaking, and writing skills needed by professionals in China-related fields and to help students do their research using Chinese materials. Contemporary Chinese texts are read and discussed largely in Chinese. Cost:1. WL:3. (Qian)

452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of the introductory term of literary Chinese. We continue to read in a variety of texts covering all premodern periods. Further practice is aimed at improving understanding of the structure of literary Chinese, introductory practice in dictionaries and other aids to interpretation, better familiarity with important grammatical particles. Supplementary areas of concern include policies and problems in using literary Chinese in research, problems of translation, and the general evolution of styles in the literary tradition. Cost:2 WL:1 (DeWoskin)

462. Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 461 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of Chinese 461. In addition to building vocabulary we will concentrate on improving reading ability with the aim of allowing students to read original materials with less reliance on a dictionary. Students will also practice discussion on the readings in Chinese. Readings will be chosen from a variety of sources, depending partly on the interests of the students. They will include 20th century fiction and essays on various topics from both Taiwan and Mainland China. There will be frequent translation and composition assignments. The class will be conducted largely in Chinese. Cost:1 WL:3 (Qian)

469/Phil. 469. Later Chinese Thought (A.D. 220-1849). Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

The China that we know today owes much to nearly six centuries of Neo-Confucian orthodoxy (1313-1905). The course examines this philosophical foundation of the Chinese cultural legacy, and also those aspects of Neo-Taoism and Chinese Buddhism from which it drew. The time period covered by the course is from the third century A.D. to roughly the end of the eighteenth century, just prior to the Western impact. Special attention is devoted to the Sung period. Some lectures are on the social environment in which the philosophers emerged, and on the influence of the philosophies on religion and the arts. One of three sequential courses on the history of Chinese thought (468, 469, 505), though it does not require either as prerequisite. Midterm, final examination, and preparation of a review essay. Mainly lectures, though there will be some student participation in a seminar-like setting. Readings in translation. Students wishing the equivalent of an extra hour per week of readings in original Sung texts should enroll in Philosophy/Chinese 617. (Munro)

472. Traditional Chinese Drama and Fiction in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (Excl).

The focus of this course is the development of drama and fiction in premodern China. Written in vernacular Chinese, these works expanded the permissible subjects and modes of literary expression, giving the reader an intimate "backstage" view of traditional Chinese culture unavailable elsewhere. Course requirements are two short papers, a take-home midterm, a final exam, and participation in class discussion. Readings include plays: Chinese Theater in the Days of Kublai Khan, The Lute, and The Peach Blossom Fan; short stories: Stories from a Ming Collection, Silent Operas; autobiography: Six Records of a Floating Life; and novels: The Plum in the Golden Vase (cc. 1-20), The Tower of Myriad Mirrors, The Story of the Stone (v. 1), and The Travels of Lao Ts'an. Cost:4 WL:4 (Rolston)

475/Asian Studies 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

This interdisciplinary course is jointly taught by faculty specialists in Chinese philosophy, religion, history of art, drama, and literature. It is NOT a survey course. Instead the main task will be the sustained and critical study of a number of significant and representative works in order to present some major themes of a distinct and complex civilization of China. In spite of inner tensions, this is a cultural tradition that can be seen as a highly integrated system composed of mutually reinforcing parts, making such an interdisciplinary and multi-media approach particularly effective. Towards the end of the term well will observe the system's collapse as it struggles to adapt to the modern world, and consider how our themes continue, persist, or change. Background lectures on history, language and cosmology will be followed by topics and readings that include: Confucianism (Mencius ) and Taoism (Chuang-Tzu ); themes in Chinese religiosity, Ch'an (Zen Buddhism); classical narratives; lyricism and visual experience in poetry and landscape painting; traditional storyteller tales; poetic-musical theatre; fiction of modern "revolutionary" China. Course format: lectures and discussions by Baxter (language); Crump (theater); DeWoskin (myth and early writings); Feuerwerker (art history and modern literature); Foulk (religion); Lin (poetry); Munro (philosophy); Rolston (traditional fiction). In the fourth hour we will divide into two discussion sections. No prerequisites. Requirements: three short papers and final exam. This course is cross-listed with Chinese, Asian Studies, Philosophy, and History of Art. (Y. Feuerwerker)

480. Upperclass Seminar in Chinese Humanities. Two of Chinese 471, 472, 473; or permission of instructor. Knowledge of Chinese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.
Section 001 The Garden and Utopianism in Traditional China. (3 credits).
For Winter Term, 1993, this course is jointly offered with Institute for the Humanities 411.004. (Lin, Li)

505/Phil. 505. Modern Chinese Thought. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Philosophy 505. (Munro)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two Kana syllabaries ( Katakana and Hiragana ) and elementary characters ( Kanji ) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part I (with accompanying audio course set). Cost:1 WL:1 (Aizawa, Shook, Staff).

202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers and essays in response to questions about these texts. Approximately 400 of the essential characters are covered. Discussions of the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, Reading Japanese. WL:1 (Vovin, Kozuka, Staff)

250. Calligraphy. Japanese 101 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of three credits.

In this course students will learn the art of Japanese Calligraphy. Students who have taken the course previously will be permitted to enroll in the course and will learn intermediate or advanced calligraphy. (You may take the course up to three times for credit). Materials will be available on the first day of class; however, students are encouraged to purchase their own calligraphy sets (approximately $20.00). Students are also required to pay a paper fee of approximately $5.00. Please bring 2 days of newspapers to the first day of class. Contact the department at 764-8286 regarding the first meeting date. Cost:1. (Uno)

379. Advanced Spoken Japanese II. Japanese 378 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of two credits.

Advanced Spoken Japanese II is a continuation of work begun in Japanese 378, and will include instruction in lecturing, speechmaking, and storytelling, with an emphasis on both the preparation of material and improving on oral delivery. The class will also address socio-cultural differences and difficulties Americans have integrating into the Japanese environment. The course meets 1 hour per week. Students are expected to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of 2 hours for each class hour. Cost:1. WL:3.

402. Japanese Literature in Translation: Edo and Modern Periods. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

The course will examine the various forms of Japanese literature in the Edo period (1600-1868) haiku, prose fiction, puppet plays, and Kabuki drama. It will also introduce the student to the development of the modern novel beginning in the Meiji period (1868-1912) and will focus on major works of modern Japanese fiction from the Meiji era to the present, including the novels of Natsume Soseki, Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, and the Nobel Laureate Kawabata Yasunari. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. Cost:5 WL:1 (Ito)

406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 405 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to attend 5 hours of class per week: 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. Homework includes practice with audio tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking and reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Texts are: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, Japanese: The Spoken Language: Part III; selected reading materials for Third-Year Japanese. Cost:4 WL:1

408. Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 407. (4). (Excl).

This course introduces students to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. It aims to help the student develop precision in reading comprehension through close reading, translation exercises, and class discussions in Japanese. Assignments will be paced to build reading speed. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other research aids effectively. Requirements include a midterm and a final, as well as occasional papers and written translations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Ito)

414. Accelerated Readings in Japanese. Japanese 102 or 361 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Japanese 414 (Accelerated Readings in Japanese is a continuation of work begun in the Fall Term. It is designed for students who have proficiency in another Asian language and wish to attain reading competence in scholarly Japanese in the shortest practical time. Within two terms, all basic grammar is reviewed or introduced and extensive reading practice is emphasized to build vocabulary and skills with dictionaries and related reading aid. (Urabe)

417. Communicative Competence for Japan-Oriented Careers II. Japanese 406, 411, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Japanese 416, and stresses the effective use of the Japanese spoken language in contexts likely to be encountered by a career-oriented professional in Japan. Winter term topics include: Banking, Import and Export, The Japanese Market, Annual Reports, Business Ritual and Socializing. In addition, the course will include practice in rapid reading and transcription/dictation of news broadcasts. The course meets 3 hours per week. Students are expected to practice with audio tapes for a minimum of 2 hours for each class hour. Cost:1 WL:1 (Uehara)

446. Readings in Technical Japanese. Japanese 445, or permission of instructor. A maximum of 10 credits may be elected through Japanese 421, 445, and 446. (4). (Excl).

Japanese 446, the second term in a two term sequence of Readings in Technical Japanese, is designed to train Fourth-Year level Japanese language students to read technical materials written for a Japanese audience. Readings will consist of articles and reports taken from publications in fields where the Japanese conduct leading-edge research. There will also be an oral/aural component stressing communications strategies for establishing and conducting professional relationships in technical environments. Japanese engineers carrying out advanced studies at Michigan, or employed at the many technical centers in this area, will be an important resource. Students will also be introduced to the uses of technical dictionaries and indexes. Class attendance is mandatory. Students are required to prepare for classes and for frequent quizzes. Written translations will be assigned. There will be a midterm and a final. Cost:1 WL:1 (Unedaya)

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 and 402. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.
Section 001: The Construction of the Female Gender in Modern Japanese Fiction.
An examination of the depiction of women in selected works by the canonical (male) authors Soseki, Tanizaki, Kawabata, Mishima, Oe, and Abe as juxtaposed with female authors' self-portrayal from Hayashi Fumiko and Enchi Fumiko to Takahashi Takako and Tsushima Yuko. Readings will also include studies in Japanese sociology, psychology, and feminist history; Western feminist criticism will be introduced for a comparative perspective. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ramirez-Christensen)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course helps students to develop reading skills necessary to conduct research in Japanese social science topics. Readings are assigned from newspapers, books, and journals in a variety of fields. The emphasis is on the acquisition of specialized terminology and clarification of problems which arise in understanding these readings. Students are required to attend three hours of class a week. Homework includes a minimum of two hours of preparation per class hour. Students are expected to prepare the readings so they can participate actively in discussion in Japanese in class. There are also Japanese essay assignments. Cost:1 WL:1 (Unedaya)

542. Classical Japanese. Japanese 541 or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The second half of an introduction to the classical written language with emphasis on its structural characteristics: reading and close analysis of selected texts from the tenth-nineteenth centuries. Cost:1 WL:4 (Danly)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.
Section 001: The Shinkokinshu Age.
We will examine the apogee of classical poetry with reference to the political eclipse of Heian courtly culture and the evolution of a Japanese symbolist rhetoric. Basic text is Kubota Utsubo's 9-volume commentary; readings also include Teika's treatise, Maigetsusho (1219) and Shotetsu's 15th century evaluation of the age, Shotetsu monogatari. Prerequisite: three years of modern Japanese or the equivalent, and two terms of bungo or permission of instructor. Cost:3 WL:1 (Ramirez-Christensen)

COURSES IN KOREAN (DIVISION 409)

102. Beginning Korean. Korean 101 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

A continuation of introductory-level work begun in Korean 101, providing hard training for all the four language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Class meets 5 hours a week 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of aural/oral practice, and students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Daily attendance is emphasized, and weight will be placed on homework assignments and weekly quizzes in evaluation. The textbook for the course is Myongdo's Korean 1 by A.V. Vandesande, and seven lessons (from Lesson 8 to Lesson 14) will be covered. Those who successfully finish the course will gain sustained control of basic conversation skill. Cost:2 WL:1 (Park)

202. Second Year Korean. Korean 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

A continuation of intermediate-level work begun in Korean 201, emphasizing the aural/oral skill, minimizing grammatical chores. Class regularly meets five times a week 2 hours of lectures and 3 hours of aural/oral practice and daily attendance is expected. In addition, students are required to do additional hours of work for listening practice on their own in the language lab. Through lectures, students will learn relatively complex structural patterns of Korean, and get acquainted with various aspects of Korean culture and society. Based on the knowledge obtained through lectures, recitation classes will help the students develop an ability to carry on survival level of conversation. In evaluation, weight will be placed on homework assignments, biweekly quizzes, and oral interviews. Those interested in taking this course are recommended to see the instructor before registration. WL:1 (Park)

402. Third Year Korean. Korean 401 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

A continuation of intermediate level work begun in Korean 401. This course will help the students improve their skills, both spoken and written, up to intermediate-high level. Class meets 5 hours a week 2 hours of lecture and 3 hours of recitation. In lecture classes, the students will learn Chinese characters, and thereby build up their vocabulary and heighten reading ability. The reading materials will inform the students of various cultural aspects of Korea. Through weekly writing assignments, the students will also learn more accurate syntax, pragmatic ways of expression, and logical ways of thinking in Korean. In recitation classes, strengthened aural/oral training will be given. The students will tell a short story, have free-group discussions, and learn songs. Evaluation will be based on attendance, homework assignments, written exams, class activities, and various oral performances. Cost:1 WL:1 (Park)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (Division 483)

Language Courses

102(302). Beginning Thai. S&SEA 102 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is the second half of the sequential Elementary Thai courses. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills speaking, listening, reading and writing. The emphases are on simple conversation, reading and writing simple Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brown)

104(304). Beginning Indonesian. S&SEA 103 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final examination. Cost:1 WL:5 (Florida)

106. Elementary Hindi-Urdu. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 315. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 105/106 is the first year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu, the respective national languages of India and Pakistan. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to develop students' skills in speaking and in aural comprehension as well as introduce them to the Devanagari writing system. Students with prior knowledge of Hindi or Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for a placement exam and proficiency evaluation. Course grade is based on attendance, written homework assignments, quizzes and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1 (Siddiqi)

108(308). Beginning Tagalog. S&SEA 107 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have a functional acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. Cost:1 WL:1 (Naylor)

116(382). Beginning Vietnamese. S&SEA 115 or permission of instructor. (5). (LR).

This course is a continuation of Beginning Vietnamese (381) begun in the fall. It is designed for students who have completed either the first term of the two-sequence course, or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. Extensive practices will be devoted to understanding, speaking and reading the language. This winter course will further aim to develop students' ability to build up their vocabulary and acquire sufficient automaticity and fluency in spoken Vietnamese, through class participation, works in the language lab and homework assignments. Supplementary materials will include short texts selected from Vietnamese literature and folklore. Evaluation will be based on classroom attendance, homework assignments, quizzes, dictations and a final exam. (Nguyen)

202(402). Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 201 or equivalent. (5). (LR).

This course is the second half of the sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice conversation as well as reading and writing. Also, discussions on topics interesting to students will be covered in order to increase speaking fluency. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm and final exams. Cost:2 WL:1 (Brown)

204(404). Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 203. (5). (LR).

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, a series of tests, and a final exam. Cost:2 WL:3 (Florida)

206. Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 316. (4). (LR).

South and Southeast Asia 205/206 is the second year in the sequence of courses offered by the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi and Urdu. Meeting four hours a week, the course is intended to increase students' skills in speaking and comprehension as well as introduce them to the Nastaliq writing system used for Urdu. They will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and writing the Devanagari script. Students with strong background in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. Course grade is based on attendance, written assignments, and examinations. Cost:1 WL:1. (Siddiqi)

208(434). Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 207 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

This is a two-term sequence in which the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog expands his knowledge, develops fluency, and becomes acquainted with Tagalog literature. While the oral approach continues, there is much greater emphasis on reading and writing and much heavier cultural content in the materials read. In the first term, one meeting a week is devoted to the study of grammar. The rest of the time is spent in oral reading (dramatization) of a series of story episodes in dialogue form, translation, question-and-answer on content, and discussion of the linguistic and cultural aspects of each episode. Written homework is regularly assigned. To complement the grammar lessons and the dialogues, tapes are available at the Language Laboratory. There will be occasional quizzes, a midterm, and a final. We have conversation hour once a week throughout the term. The second term is essentially a continuation of the first. Instead of dialogues, however, we read narratives and essays and instead of studying grammar separately, we integrate it with work on the readings which provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points. At the end of the second year, the student should have acquired (a) sufficient competence to handle casual conversation, write brief letters, read texts of low to medium complexity, and (b) a broader knowledge of the culture that the language is an expression of and in which the language functions. Cost:1. WL:1. (Naylor)

212. Intermediate Panjabi. S&SEA 211. (3). (LR).

This course is the advanced level of Intermediate Punjabi. The emphasis will be on advanced grammatical constructions, composition, vocabulary development, and conversational skills. A particular attention will be paid to the Punjabi verbs and their classifications. Readings will include items from Sikh scripture, a variety of short stories depicting the Punjabi culture, items from Punjabi newspapers, poetry and plays. A video film will be shown to examine the spoken language of the Punjab. Throughout the course the students will be encouraged to communicate in the Punjabi language. There will be two tests: a midterm worth 30% and a final worth 40%. In addition there will be homework assignments worth 20% The remaining 10% of marks will be allotted to oral communication. Midterm test: February 26, 1993. There will be a Registrar Scheduled final exam in the month of April, 1993. Texts: Motia Bhatia, An Intensive Course in Punjabi, (Mysore, Central Institute of Indian Languages, 1985.); Harjit Singh Gill and Henry A. Gleason, Jr., A Reference Grammar of Punjabi, (Patiala, Punjabi University, 1969.); A course pack will be available from Albert's Copying. (Singh)

310(508). Advanced Sanskrit. S&SEA 309 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

This course continues work on advanced grammar of classical Sanskrit and also involves reading simple stories, parts of Sanskrit dramas and other similar classical literary texts. The goal of the course is to prepare the student to read non-technical classical Sanskrit. (Huntington)

316(306). Reading and Writing Hindi-Urdu. Speaking and listening comprehension proficiency (as determined by interview). No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in S&SEA 205 or 206. (4). (LR).

SSEA 316 is a continuation of SSEA 315. Students are introduced to material that is covered in the third and fourth terms of the normal Hindi-Urdu sequence (see descriptions of SSEA 205 and SSEA 206). Since the 315-316 sequence presupposes some proficiency in speaking and/or comprehension, less emphasis is put on those skills than on attaining mastery of the written form of the language: an introduction to Nastaliq together with further work using Devanagari. Students finishing 316 with a passing grade are deemed to have satisfied the LS&A undergraduate language requirement. Students wishing to enter the sequence at this point should see the instructor for placement through interview and exam. Cost:1 WL:1 (Hook)

402(502). Advanced Thai. S&SEA 401 or equivalent. (4). (Excl).
Continues from Thai 401, dealing with various genres of "real" written Thai (i.e., not written specifically for second-language learners), and including class discussion (in Thai) and written assignments. Cost:2 WL:1 (Solnit, Brown)

404(504). Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 403. (4). (Excl).

The course is the second of a two-term sequence aimed at the further development of the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading and writing in modern Indonesian. The coursework is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Socio-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use. The course stresses active manipulation of a practical vocabulary for both formal and informal language situations. Readings further the student's exposure to modern Indonesian Literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, and a final exam or project. Cost:1 WL:3 (Florida)

406(306). Advanced Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 206 or 306. (3). (Excl).
South and Southeast Asia 406 is the sixth term in the sequence of courses offered by the Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi-Urdu. Meeting three hours a week, the course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing Hindi and, if students so desire, Urdu. Students with prior knowledge of Hindi-Urdu may be able to join the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement. Cost:2 WL:1. (Hook)

464. Advanced Readings of Modern Indonesian Texts II. S&SEA 404 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

The course is the second half of a two-term sequence designed to introduce the student to critical readings of Modern Indonesian texts. A reading and speaking knowledge of Modern Indonesian is prerequisite. With an emphasis on text analysis, the student is required to produce critical commentaries on (and sometimes translations of) selected passages from a variety of texts. The commentaries will be written in Indonesian. The course is run as a seminar with discussion conducted in Indonesian. Evaluation is based on the written assignments and classroom performance. Cost:1 WL:3 (Florida)

491. Individual Study Southeast Asian Language. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of eight credits.
Section 009 Vietnamese
This course is open to students who already have good aural comprehension of conversational Vietnamese and mastery of phonetics of the language. A reading and speaking knowledge of Vietnamese is prerequisite. This special course is primarily designed to develop students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading and writing "everyday Vietnamese," and to give students a deeper understanding of the literature, history and culture of Vietnam. Classes are conducted exclusively in Vietnamese. Class activities will emphasize on students' discussion of assigned texts selected from Vietnamese literature, folklore, newspapers and magazines. At the end of the term, students should be able to acquire advanced vocabulary, sufficient skills in reading and writing, and handle complicated conversation in a wide variety of topics of interest. Interested students with different levels of command of the language should make arrangements directly with the instructor. (Nguyen)

Courses in English

225/Religion 225. Hinduism. (3). (HU).

See Religion 225. (Huntington)

Courses in Asian Studies (Division 323)

122/History 122. Modern Transformation of East Asia. (4). (SS).

This is an introduction to modern China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam from 1800 to the present. It describes and analyzes China's progressive decline and rejuvenation, the impact of imperialism, and the rise and development of the People's Republic; the struggles of Korea and Vietnam; the end of traditional Japan and the building of a modern state and economy, Japanese imperialism, and the rebuilding of Japan from 1950 to the present. Attention is also given to literature, the arts and society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the societies and histories of each major East Asian country are analyzed comparatively. This is a continuation of History/Asian Studies 121, but that course is not a prerequisite and no previous background is assumed. Three lectures and a section each week. A midterm and a final, but no paper. Cost:2 WL:1,3 (Murphey)

220/Buddhist Studies 220/Rel. 202. Introduction to World Religions: South and East Asia. (4). (HU).

See Buddhist Studies 220. (Lopez)

381. Junior/Senior Colloquium for Concentrators. Junior or senior standing and concentration in Asian Studies. (3). (Excl).
Tradition, Development, Nationalism, and War in Twentieth Century Asia.
This is designed primarily for seniors in Asian Studies, who are given preference, but other upperclass students may be admitted if there is space. Some previous knowledge of Asia and its modern history is assumed, but not Asian language competence. As a colloquium, it centers on group discussion of the readings, and the writing of four short papers. The scope includes India/Pakistan, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, from 1894 to 1976 (the end of the Vietnam War). Readings are varied, mainly in a course pack. This is an ECB course, but you must check the appropriate modifier when you register for it. The rise of Asian nationalism is the major trend of the twentieth century in that part of the world, fuelled and expressed in part through the series of wars beginning with the Sino-Japanese conflict of 1894-95. We will also consider the matter of "modernization" and the patterns of economic development. Cost:2 (Murphey)

475/Chinese 475/Hist. of Art 487/RC Hums. 475/Philosophy 475. The Arts and Letters of China. (4). (HU).

See Chinese 475. (Y. Feuerwerker)


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