Courses in COMMUNICATION (DIVISION 352)

100. Public and Interpersonal Communication. Not open to seniors. (3). (Excl).

This course focuses on helping students to develop effective public and interpersonal communication skills. We will review the basics of communication theory and models of effective communication in interpersonal and public settings. The emphasis of the course will be on creating opportunities of learning by doing and on encouraging students to reflect on their performance in communication activities both within and outside of the course. Verbal communication is typically an activity which receives little attention in our daily lives and is rarely addressed in most courses. It is our philosophy, however, that oral communication is a critical life skill which requires both effort and thought to fully develop. Cost:2 WL:1

103. Introduction to Mass Communication. Not open to seniors. (4). (SS).

Providing an introduction to mass communication, this course examines the history and current processes involved in the creation of media products as part of American culture. The course investigates tensions between "high" and popular cultures, between print ad electronic media, and between modernism and postmodernism. The course analyzes political, economic, social and moral factors confronting television, radio, movies, news, advertising, public relations, book publishing, magazines, music videos and sound recording. Three lectures or viewings per week plus one discussion section. Three or four short writing projects required with emphasis on critical analysis of media. Two exams. WL:1 (Campbell)

178/University Courses 178. Pornography: What's Sex Got To Do With It. (3). (SS).

The topic of pornography will be analyzed from four major theoretical perspectives: 1) Conservative-Moralist, 2) Liberal, 3) Feminist, and 4) Evolutionary. An important goal of this course will be to highlight distinctions between what are scientific versus moral/political questions and to illustrate the problems of doing scientific research on topics that are highly political.

202. Freedom of Expression. (3). (SS).

This course focuses on First Amendment protection of speech and expression. There is study of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and general principles of First Amendment law. Emphasis is given to how discrimination against oppressed groups has been involved in struggles for free expression. Topics covered include civil rights protests, television and film censorship, book banning, libel, advertising restrictions and free speech on university campuses. There are 3 exams of equal weight and students may write extra credit papers. Cost:2 WL:1 (Lowenstein)

250. Information Gathering for Mass Media. (3). (Excl).

This course teaches the strategies used in seeking information and evaluating its validity in a number of mass media applications, including journalism, broadcasting, marketing, media research and public relations. The basic approach combines research methods used by librarians and journalists in a problem-solving model that applies to many tasks in the information industry. Institutional, human, library and data base and special sources are examined. A computer game helps introduce the search strategy model. There are lectures and weekly assignments. There is a final project, not a final exam. Preference is given to Sophomores and Juniors who are Communication concentrators. The course should be taken prior to other writing courses in the department. Cost:2 WL:1 (Marzolf)

290. News Writing. (3). (Excl).

Covers the fundamentals of newspaper reporting and writing, including defining news, locating stories, documentation, interviewing, clarity in writing, news coverage strategies and copy editing. Weekly assignments. Cost:2 WL:1

301(401). Mass Communication Theory. (3). (Excl).

This lecture and discussion course will present a broad overview of the various theories of mass communication processes and effects on individuals and the social system. Mass communication effects on knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of individuals, as well as influences on the functioning and ideology of social systems will be covered. After initial review of basic social scientific concepts and methods necessary for an understanding of the reading material the course will give to the examination of theory and research efforts, proceeding, in general, from investigations of individual to societal-level processes. Critical reading and evaluation of social scientific theory and research is expected, and is developed. Grading will be based on midterm, a final, and a paper, in addition to occasional section assignments. Cost:2 WL:4 (Oshagan)

302. Writing for the Mass Media. Comm. 290, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits with permission of concentration advisor.
SECTION 002.
The course provides an integrated approach to mastering the basic concepts and techniques for feature writing for the mass media. It is anticipated students will offer their work to area media for publication. Multiple writing assignments will foster improved writing and test students' mastery of course material. It is anticipated students will write three papers of approximately five pages each, revised one or more times. In addition, students will write additional assignments on outlining, character development, and the analysis of other writing. Students will receive written criticism, as well as oral evaluation by the instructor. Students will also be expected to attend one or more readings by visiting writers, as well as participate in class discussion. Cost:1 WL:1 (Hall)

SECTION 003 & 004: CORPORATE COMMUNICATION. This course is designed to improve general writing skills and develop specialized media writing styles including news release, speech, brochure, advertising, business memorandum, and technical writing for annual reports, position papers and marketing/public relations planning. Students are exposed to basic skills required in corporate communication. The current and future underlying management theories of the corporate culture and how corporate policy and goals affect American society and specific market populations will be analyzed and evaluated. Critical thinking regarding corporate responsibility for the 90's and into the 21st century will be encouraged. A final writing project replaces the standard final exam and represents sixty percent of the grade. Method of instruction includes lecture/discussion and writing lab work. Attendance is mandatory. For the Winter Term, 1992, Communication 250 and/or permission of instructor is required. Cost:3 WL:1 (Moseley)

SECTION 005. This course offers a hands-on functional approach to producing advertising copy including radio, TV and print. Students will be responsible for individual assignments and participation in team projects. (Kalisewicz)

310. Persuasive Communication. (3). (Excl).

In this course, we will investigate the ways in which people try to influence the attitude and behaviors of others. This course is intended to serve three basic functions. First, it is intended to inform persuasive practice, enabling potential persuaders to maximize their opportunities for social control. Second, it is intended to enable us to become more intelligent and discriminating consumers of persuasive communication. Finally, it is intended to add to our understanding of human psychology and the individual's place in society and culture.

312. Communication and Contemporary Society. (4). (Excl).

Examines the relationship of the mass media to various aspects of contemporary American society. Topics covered in this survey course include: mass communication and the maintenance of cultural norms, social roles, and stereotypes; media as a force for social change; influences on socialization; and the impact of American mass media on governmental, economic, and educational institutions. Popular concerns about particular effects of the media are examined critically in light of research findings. Cost:2 WL:1

330. Analyzing Print Journalism. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the performance of print journalism in American democratic society today. It looks at the press in its traditional roles as informer, popular educator, advocate, watchdog, investigator, storyteller, imagemaker and creator of social reality. It examines press criticism from inside and outside during twentieth century and evolving standards of professional journalism. Students will do short exercises designed to develop their critical abilities and two longer critiques of press coverage: one in a traditional news area and one in controversial and lesser covered areas, such as women's issues, minorities and racism, quality of life, social change and social welfare and education. Students should develop the ability to read and critically analyze news reporting and support their evaluations with evidence and argument. (Marzolf)

400. The Media in American History. (4). (SS).

This lecture course places the development of American mass media in broader social, economic, and political perspectives. While there are no specific prerequisites, a general grounding in American history is recommended. Grades are based on one hourly exam and a series of short papers plus a final comprehensive examination. Cost:3 WL:1 (Stevens)

403. Ethics of Journalism. (3). (Excl).
Section 001.
This course will examine standards of performance and codes of conduct for journalists. Students will apply those standards and codes to real and hypothetical cases and situations faced by journalists in the gathering and reporting of the news. Class discussion will be emphasized. Cost:1 WL:1 (Bishop)

Section 002. This Journalism Ethics course explores the tension, distance and intimacy between the working media, media establishment, and the politicians and campaigns covered. Using political advertising and political public relations handling as the structure for evaluation, we examine the issues, the candidates, the voters, the political parties, and ultimately the media representation juxtaposed against the traditional journalism standard of fairness, objectivity, accuracy and balance. Our journey should lead to a discussion of whether the contemporary media is making as well as covering the news in the political arena, broadcast voter exit polls televising projected winners on the east coast before Californians have voted or accepting print and broadcast ads for publication that are factually correct. (Moseley)

405. The Media and the Arts. Comm. 103 and upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course will combine lecture and discussion to examine how the arts are reported on and reviewed in the mass media. It focuses on the analytical skills demanded of arts critics and on the writing they produce, and looks beyond to broader ethical, political and economic issues. To help you become more knowledgeable about the subject matter, the course includes background information on the arts. Lively interest, rather than preexisting "expert" status, is what students will be expected to contribute in class sessions.

406. Mass Communication Research. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the logic and techniques of social scientific research in mass communication. The course will address (a) methods of framing media research questions, and (b) scientific techniques for gathering empirical data in an effort to answer these questions, and (c) statistical techniques for analyzing and interpreting the data to form valid conclusions. The aim of this study is to enable students to evaluate critically the validity of research findings and conclusions. In completing the course, students should also acquire an adequate background in communication research methodology to pursue their own ideas, from initial conceptualization to the research question to final conclusions. Text: Babbie, E., The Practice of Social Research, 4th edition, Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth, 1986, plus course pack. Cost:2 WL:1 (Huesman)

409. The Michigan Journalist. Comm. 290 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The Michigan Journalist course introduces students to the subject of editing the news. It covers the theory and practice of new-story, and copy-editing for daily and weekly newspapers. Students will learn the basics of assignment, supervision and editing for news value, sense, style, grammar, spelling, syntax and factual accuracy. Course covers newsroom structures and decisions about coverage and display. Guest editors will discuss organization, management and ethics in news. Students must have completed Comm. 290 or 302 or have equivalent news reporting/writing experience. Word-processing on computers required. Grading based on in-class work, homework and midterm and final examination. Instructional methods are lectures, discussions and laboratory work, including using desk-top publishing to produce an issue of THE MICHIGAN JOURNALIST. Cost:2 WL:3 (Friendly)

417. Analyzing Television. Comm. 103 and junior standing. (4). (HU).

The daytime soap opera, the evening newscast, the prime-time situation comedy, and the late night talk show all of the familiar programs of popular American television are meaningful cultural documents that speak to the shifting values and the ongoing contradictions of modern life. This course challenges students to explore new ways of thinking about the social, moral, political, artistic, and economic implications of the television experience. Key topics addressed in the course include: narrative theory; authorship and readership; the representation of race and gender; stardom; genre theory; intertextuality. Students should expect to encounter several short writing assignments, as well as at least two exams (a midterm and a final). Cost:3 WL:1 (Reeves)

420/Pol. Sci. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl).

See Political Science 420. (Semetko)

423. Film Practicum for the Writer. English 412 and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This class is a writing practicum where the student will learn the role of the writer in the greater process of the production of media. Each student will participate in the various creative steps involved in bringing a narrative script to the screen. By developing an understanding of the way narrative films are shot and the way the other creative people involved approach one's written material, this course will enrich the student's visual vocabulary, improve dramatic writing skills, and increase their awareness of the collaborative process of film/video. The class will be structured such that every student will write a number of exercises, which someone else will direct, the writer, in turn, will direct another's writing and so on. We will also analyze the written and visual techniques in a number of contemporary films and videos. Every student will write and direct several short exercises in addition to a short, finished tape (5-7 min.). Previous classes or experience with video production and/or screenwriting advised. Cost:2 WL:1 (M.Hurbis-Cherrier)

425. Introduction to Radio and Television Directing. Comm. 421. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to give students continued experience in planning, writing, producing, and directing radio and television productions, and to provide further insight into the concepts and methods of electronic media production. Projects will cover both in-studio and on-location production. Instruction will consist of lectures, laboratory exercises, guest speakers, and in-class analysis and critique of student and professional broadcast programming. Grading will be based on production exercises and projects, short papers and exams. Students must have completed Communication 421 and must be present at the first lecture and lab session to maintain enrollment. All television labs are held at the LS&A Television Studios at 400 Fourth Street. Students should allow for travel time. Cost:2 (Sarris, Young)

427. Preparation of Radio and TV Continuity. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).
Sections 002.
This course is designed to give students experience in writing scripts for radio and television. The writing assignments include: radio and television commercials, broadcast editorials, commentaries, and documentaries. Emphasis is on the use of language and visuals to communicate ideas and to script formats and precise lengths of time. Instruction is through lecture, written comments on scripts, individual conferences, in-class critique and discussion of student writing, and evaluation and analysis of professional broadcast scripting through the use of video and audio tapes. Attendance and participation in class are mandatory. You must be present at the first class meeting to maintain your enrollment.

Sections 004 and 005. This course is designed to give students experience in writing scripts for non-dramatic radio and television. The writing assignments include: radio and television commercials, public service announcements, broadcast editorials, commentaries, and documentaries. Emphasis is on use of language and visuals to communicate ideas and to influence viewer perception, as well as adapting writing to script formats and precise lengths of time. Instruction is through lecture, written comments on scripts, individual conferences, in-class critique and discussion of student writing, and evaluation and analysis of professional broadcast scripting through the use of video and audio tapes. Attendance and participation in class discussions are mandatory. You must be present at the first class meeting to maintain your enrollment. Cost:2 WL:1 (Oswald)

428. Writing Drama for Film and Television. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

This course is a workshop in writing dramatic narrative scripts for feature length films or made for T.V. movies. The objectives of this class are to teach skills for the development of dramatic concepts (structure, character, dialogue, etc.), to provide a better critical understanding of the devices used by screenwriters and filmmakers, to encourage an appreciation for the writer's role in filmmaking (both possibilities and limitations), and finally to teach the standard format of the screenplay. This class requires the completion of a feature length screenplay, analysis of several scripts, group critiques of work, and various other writing assignments. Cost:1 WL:1 (Hurbis-Cherrier)

450. Undergraduate Internship. Junior standing, concentration in Communication and permission of instructor. (2) (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit. (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

Communication 450 is the department's internship program. The course is designed to give junior or senior Communication concentrators credit for appropriate practical work experience. Time requirement for a 2-credit internship is approximately 15 hours per week for a 14-week term. Student evaluation is based on satisfactory completion of the internship and recommendation of the internship sponsor. Internship credit is not retroactive and must be pre- arranged. Internship credit can not be used to fill communication electives in the concentration plan. Cost:none WL: Registration is by P.I. only. For further information and approval, students should contact the internship coordinator in the Department of Communication. (Sarris)

500. Seminar. Open to senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.
Section 001: Gender and Mass Media
In this course we will look at the intersection between the study of gender and the study of the mass media. First, we look at feminist theory generally, providing an introduction which lays the groundwork for course work; we then look specifically at gender theory concerning particular mass media (film, television, newspapers, books, and magazines). Topics in the second portion of the course will include the representation of gender in mass media content; the participation of the genders in mass media production; public policy as it concerns both of these issues. Course work will include several take-home exams and a substantial research paper on a topic of the students' choice. Classes will include both lectures and discussions, and participation based on assigned readings and in-class viewing is important. The class is open to all junior and senior communication concentrators and to Women's Studies concentrators. Beginning graduate students in these fields are also welcomed to attend. (Press)

Section 003: Literary Journalism. Reading survey course with discussion seminar which covers literary non-fiction from New Journalists to current practitioners. This course is open to juniors, seniors and graduate students. Please see instructor for override. (Kubit)

Section 004: Journalists as Communicators. This course is a seminar to discuss the techniques and consequences of the way journalists communicate with sources, readers, viewers and with each other. The goal is to develop a clearer, more sophisticated understanding of how journalists serve as communicators. Among the issues to be explored are: the theoretical versus the practical role of journalists; reportage on and off the record; ethical considerations in gathering information (Is it justifiable to steal information for a story, or ask others to do so?); journalists' responsibilities from a personal and corporate viewpoint; and recognizing and dealing with biases on a personal, professional, societal and informational level. Students will discuss whether reporting and presenting stories is the only role played by journalists? Can there be fair reportage? Is it okay to make up a story, quotes? Would Machievelli have been a good journalist? The course is for students who want to wrestle with some tough issues, who want to think deeply about some contemporary issues in journalism and their ramifications. A series of readings, videos and guest speakers will form the foundation for class discussions. Each student will be required to write a paper on a topic of their choice. WL:3. Permission of instructor. (Hall)

501. Departmental Tutorial. Open to senior concentrators. (1-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

Intended for individualized research and writing instruction in subject areas not covered by scheduled courses. Must be arranged with the faculty member.

521. History of the Motion Picture. Upperclass standing. (3). (HU).

Emphasizing the Hollywood studio system during the 1930s and 1940s, this course challenges students to make sense of the complex economic, technological, and social influences governing the history of the American sound film. During Black History Month, the course focuses on African American images in Hollywood films and the history of Black independent filmmaking. About half the class meetings are devoted to lectures and the other half to viewing representative films of Hollywood's major and minor studios. In addition to these in-class screenings, students must also attend a required Tuesday night viewing lab. Scheduled exams (of the essay and fill-in-the-blank type) account for 66% of the final grade; a 10-15 page history paper accounts for the other 33% of the grade. Cost:4 WL:1 (Reeves)

553. Media Economics. (3). (Excl).

Detailed examination of the economics of the media, including technology, market strategy and industry trends, buying and selling, management and product development. Cost:2 WL:1 (Nielsen)

555. Media History. (3). (Excl).
Section 001: Documentary Film.
This course offers the student of Communication the opportunity to study a history of the Documentary Film and potentially gain a background reference for this visually influential medium. This survey course presents selected examples of the genre from 1922 to 1982, which are screened for purposes of comparative analysis. Lectures and discussion relate the Documentary with its historical, political and social contexts. The course is designed to also introduce various structural forms and techniques used by historically recognized film directors in building what has come to be known as the "Documentary Tradition". Basis of student evaluation: Written film analyses, term paper, oral participation. Methodology: Lectures, 16mm film screenings, discussion. Cost:1 (Rideout)

557. Media Law. (3). (Excl).
Section 001.
A case method study of the First Amendment and other legal principles related to the rights and responsibilities of the mass media with emphasis on news gathering, libel, privacy, and obscenity. Students will read approximately 120 appellate court decisions (contained in a course pack) and must be prepared to discuss and analyze these decisions in class. Because the course materials and the application of the legal principles developed are cumulative, the evaluation of students is based primarily on the midterm and final examinations. Cost:2 WL:2 (Murray)

559. Foreign Correspondence. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The seminar compares news organizations on a cross-cultural basis by monitoring how publications and broadcast organizations cover the same news event. Students select organizations from around the world, research them, and report to the class. Reading knowledge of a foreign language is preferred. Cost:2 WL:1 (Eisendrath)

591. Senior Honors Thesis. Communication 590. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

Communication 591 is the second course in a two-term Honors seminar program and culminates in a senior Honors thesis. To be eligible for enrollment, a student must: (a) be a concentrator in communication capable of conducting original research, (b) possess a cumulative grade point average of 3.2 and at least 3.5 in department courses, and (c) have successfully completed the senior Honors seminar (Comm 590). The winter term seminar meets only occasionally, on a schedule to be arranged after the first meeting (Monday, January 13 at 7:00 pm). Students work directly with their thesis advisors, and are to meet regularly with them for direction and assistance. (Price)


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