Primarily for First and Second Year Students

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a broad survey of government and politics in the United States which explores a wide range of topics including elections, interest groups, the presidency, Congress and the courts. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? How do members of Congress decide how to vote? In what ways do presidents and bureaucrats affect public policies? This is not a comprehensive list but suggests the kinds of issues that are discussed in this course. There are two lectures and two discussion section meetings each week. There is generally a midterm, a final examination, and some other written work. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kingdon)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course addresses fundamental questions in political analysis by concentrating on the nature of elite-mass relations in different types of political systems. Among the questions examined are: Who should rule, and why? Who does rule, and how? What is the nature of political elites and what characterizes mass political behavior? How do elites influence masses and how do masses influence elites? These questions, among others, will be taken up in relation to the political systems of the United Kingdom, the former Soviet Union, China, and others. Midterm and final examinations are required, as is a short paper. (Gitelman)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to the basic approaches to the study of international politics. Material on the theories underlying these approaches is grounded in case studies of events from World War I to the present. The object is twofold: to familiarize students with the ways in which analysts have tried to understand international politics; and to equip students with both substantive knowledge of, and a grasp of the underlying theoretical issues concerning contemporary international problems. Students will be evaluated on the basis of examinations several writing assignments and a term paper. All students are expected to attend discussion sections as well as the regular lectures for the course. Cost: 2 or 3 WL:1 (Lieberthal)

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (Excl).

Knowledge about the Arab-Israeli conflict is the focus of the course. Although there are lectures on the origins of the conflict, they do not lay blame on any of the parties: The course is not about who is right or wrong but why there is a conflict and what are the scenarios of its future. Lectures address the history of the conflict from the perspective of general social science ideas. Discussion sections give students a forum for assessing the relationship between events and ideas. Core concepts include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors explain conflict and cooperation, the relation of force to diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, as well as incremental versus comprehensive approaches to the peace process. Since the Persian/Arab Gulf War began in August, 1990, it will be discussed as it bears on the Arab-Israeli conflict. There are no prerequisites. There is a midterm exam but no final. There is a computer-assisted simulation to explore war and peace scenarios in the Arab-Israeli and Gulf zones. Cost:4 WL:1 (Tanter)

396/REES 396/Slavic 396/Hist. 333/Soc. 393. Survey of East Central Europe. (4). (SS).

See Russian and Eastern European Studies 396. (Eagle)

401(403). Development of Political Thought: Modern and Recent. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

In this course, we'll read and discuss selected texts commonly regarded as classics in the academic profession of political theory. In particular, the assigned texts include Hobbes' Leviathan, Locke's Second Treatise, Rousseau's Discourse on Inequality, Marx's German Ideology, Mill's Subjection of Women, Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals, and selections from several contemporary theorists. Most of these authors have inspired sufficient fascination (or disgust) in their peers or in later intellectuals to have a plausible claim to historical importance. Moreover, each of them has an unimpeachable claim to having said something sufficiently original or interesting about politics to make reading them worth our while. Among the questions I'll address to these authors in my lectures are the following: What is and should be the relationship between individual character and political institutions? What is the source of social and political conflict, and how should we strive to resolve it? What does it mean, if anything, to be free? Cost:3 WL:1 (Shiffman)

402(407). Selected Topics in Political Theory. Pol. Sci. 101 or 400 or 401. (3). (Excl).
Section 001.
This distinction between private and public plays a fundamental role in our thinking about modern liberal society, and intrusion into the private sphere is held to be one of the features of repressive and authoritarian regimes. The course aims at exploring the various meanings of the pair private/public in different writers and at different junctions in Western civilization. Although the course mainly focuses on 19th and 20th century material - from John Stuart Mill to Arendt, Habermas, and feminist theory - Greek, Roman, and early Christian sources, and works by Calvin and Locke will be taken into consideration. Students will be required to attend lectures, participate in class discussions, and be tested in a mid-term and final. Tests will emphasize oral as much as written proficiency. (Gobetti)

Section 002 What is Feminist Political Theory? This course will introduce students to central contested concepts in modern feminist political theory. The first readings will address the problem of economic and political inequality between middle-class, Anglo men and women. We will then consider the significance of differences of race, class, religion, and sexuality among women. Finally, we will consider arguments among anthropologists and psychologists about the origin of "sex differences," concluding with recent essays by theorists who argue that gender itself is not a legitimate category. WL:4 (Stevens)

409. Twentieth Century Political Thought. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (3). (Excl).

We will concern ourselves with four great intellectual influences on twentieth century political thought: Marx, Nietzsche, Freud and Heidegger. After consideration of some of their key works, we will turn toward the explosion or dissemination of their influence which today constitutes "our" political text. Readings include many of the so-called postmodernists and others as well: e.g., Bataille, Foucault, Lyotard, Irigaray, Baudrillard, Zizek and Laclau and Mouffe. Discussion and paper required. Cost:4 (Stearns)

414. The Politics of Civil Liberties and Civil Rights. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course is concerned with civil liberties in the American constitutional system. It will focus on decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, but will also draw on literature from other sources. The primary substantive aim of the course is to help students develop a theoretically informed understanding of civil liberties and of the institutional devices for enforcing them. Additional aims include helping students to read and criticize political texts, to access constitutional arguments, and to think and write more rigorously. Course expectations: Students are expected to have read assignments before class and to be prepared to discuss them in class. Written work will consist of the following: one paper (20% of grade); participation in a moot course, for which each student will prepare and submit either a brief of counsel or a judicial opinion (40%); and a final examination (40%). Prerequisite: A basic understanding of American institutional politics and American history. Some exposure to political theory is helpful, but not required. (Brandon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to study general legislative processes by concentrating on the United States Congress. The perspective we shall use sees members as purposive and strategic agents, having goals and using the best means to achieve those goals. A prime concern of the class is determining why Congress looks and acts the way it does. The method of presentation is lecture. No special background is needed, although some mathematics is involved. Students will be evaluated on the basis of examinations and an optional final paper. (Dion)

418/Women's Studies 418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course examines women's relationship to the American political system. We will explore the development of that relationship through the social movements of the 19th and 20th Centuries. When we reach the modern era, we will focus upon women in elite politics, women's political participation, and women's political opinions. We will conclude with an exploration of women's relationship to public policies ranging from comparable worth to abortion policies. (Burns)

420/Comm. 420. Politics and the Mass Media. Pol. Sci. 111, 300, 410, or 411. (4). (Excl).

This course will focus upon the role and impact of the mass media in the political process. We will study how the news is made and the impact of mass media on policy-makers and the public, and its effects on political attitudes and behavior. The role and influence of the media in election campaigns in the U.S., and how this compares with other advanced industrial democracies, is a major focus of the course. Other topics include media diplomacy and foreign affairs coverage, media treatment of protest groups and social movements, and the relative power of media and politicians in shaping the political agenda. Cost:3 WL:1 (Semetko)

421. American State Government. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will explore state, local, and regional politics, as well as intergovernmental relations across all levels of American government. It will provide historical overviews of each of these areas, apply a variety of political science perspectives to them, and consider some of the most pressing current questions in subnational politics. It will also include a comparative focus, examining the differences in politics and policymaking between federal and non-federal systems, and will place special emphasis on health care and environmental policy. This course will be intended for undergraduates with some prior coursework in political science and American government. It will encourage students to conduct research in subnational politics, culminating in a research paper. In addition, students will complete an essay-style examination, as well as one or two brief papers focused on discussion-related topics. Readings will include selections from the traditional political science literature on state and local politics and intergovernmental relations, but will also include a variety of areas not commonly associated with or applied to subnational politics, including regulatory theory and game theory. Cost:4 WL:1 (Rabe)

436. Bureaucracy and Policy Making. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course focuses on bureaucracy and its impact on the American political system. Its goal is to provide students with an understanding of the reasons for, and the consequences of, the emergence of bureaucracy as the dominant form of organization in the modern world. To explore this topic we first examine the historical development of rational-legal bureaucracy and the problems it poses for democratic politics. We survey contemporary literature on organizational behavior (including novels, memoirs, and so forth) to develop an understanding of the workings of bureaucracies and their impact on contemporary American society and politics. Next, we explore the dynamics of bureaucratic politics by detailing the relationship between bureaucracy and other institutions of American government. Here, we study the impact of bureaucracy on executive and legislative politics, on the role of the mass media, and on the role of the individual citizen. The written assignments include a take-home midterm, a participant observation project, and a final examination. (Williams)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course focuses on two main dimensions of comparison: the North-South dimension, involving differences between economically developed and poor countries; and the Democratic-Authoritarian dimension. We will first examine the causes of economic development, and economic, political and cultural obstacles to development; and then explore the impact which economic development has on society and politics. The second main topic grows out of the first, because richer countries are likelier to be democratic than poorer ones, but we will also examine a number of other factors conducive to, or detrimental to, the emergence of and survival of democracy. Here, we will focus primarily on comparisons between Western democracies and authoritarian systems in the former Soviet bloc, with attention to the prospects for democracy in recently liberalizing regimes. (Inglehart)

443. Selected Topics in Western European Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Scandinavia in Transition.
For Winter Term, 1993, this course is jointly offered with Scandinavian 460. (Rasmussen)

450. Political Modernization in the Developing World. Any 100-level course in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will have a double purpose. It will cover some of the key conceptions of political development and explore how such large scale transformations affect other sectors of national life. Moreover, the course will review briefly how national development and the resulting mobilization of resources will affect the structure of international power. The method of instruction will be lecture. Cost:4 WL:4 (Organski)

454. Governments and Politics of Southeast Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the political systems of Southeast Asia. The emphasis will be on the post-WWII period. Important themes include variations in the political economy of countries within the region, comparisons with Latin America and Africa, and relations with important regional powers especially Japan, China, and the U.S. The focus will be predominantly on domestic politics. Cost:3 WL:1 (Winters)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (3). (Excl).

This course will explore the ways in which the concepts of modernization and dependency can be used to study Africa's development experience. The approach is comparative and no single African country will be studied in depth. Rather cases will be drawn from all African countries. The basic objective is to encourage students to develop a conceptual framework for examining the following main themes to be covered in the course: economic and political forms of colonialism and their relationship to patterns of decolonization; the rise of authoritarianism, demilitarization and democratization; cultural pluralism and state capacity. Significant effects of Africa's incorporation into a world capitalist economy and various strategies of development will also be examined. There are no prerequisites for this course, although juniors and seniors are more likely to benefit from taking this course. No freshman. (Twumasi)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.
Section 001 New Paradigms of International Security.
This course provides an introduction to the theory and practice of international relations. The course begins with an appraisal of the traditional realist view of world politics and of current theoretical challenges to that position. Special attention is given to the historical critiques of the theory of the state and the concept of sovereignty and to feminist critiques that address the effects of gender inequality on the construction of international relations. The second part of the course examines application of theoretical positions to military, environmental, and economic dimensions of "global security." The third part of the course addresses examples of paradigm transformation with respect to international relations and practice. Evaluation will be based on one or two short papers, either a research paper of a take-home examination, and participation in class discussions. (Wright)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course explores the sources of differences in foreign policy processes and outcomes between and within states. One school of thought holds that differences in the characteristics of the countries in question (large versus small, democratic versus authoritarian, industrialized versus developing, etc.) lead to differences in their foreign policies. Another argues that the important differences are not so much between countries as between "issue-areas," for example military policy versus trade policy. In this course students will evaluate the competing explanations by looking at a number of aspects of foreign policy including diplomacy, strategy, economic policy, and alliance policy in several areas and historical cases: the World Wars, the Cold War, North-South political and economic relations, foreign economic policies of advanced industrial states, and economic relations in the former Soviet bloc. It has a heavy reading list and a demanding writing schedule. WL:1. (Evangelista)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine a number of theoretical and empirical issues related to understanding the national security policy of states, including deterrence theory, arms control, and the domestic sources of defense policy. The course will focus on both US relations with the former Soviet Union and security issues in the Third World. Classes will be conducted as a combination of lecture and discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of 3 exams. Cost:3 WL:1 (Huth)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 Russian Foreign Policy.
The course focuses on the international behavior of the Soviet Union and its primary successor state, Russia. The course will on focus on U.S.-Soviet and U.S.-Russian relations, the rise and fall of the Soviet empire in Europe and post-Soviet Russian relations with Eastern Europe and the Soviet successor states. Recommended as background: PS 160, CREES 395. Since this is a course that may satisfy the jr/sr writing requirement, assignments will emphasize the link between writing style and content in several different formats relevant to politics and political science. There will be a final but no midterm. (Zimmerman)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).
Section 001 The Politics of Industrialization of the East Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
Since World War II, the newly industrialized countries of East Asia (NICs) South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore have achieved an impressive economic performance and have successfully transformed their backward and largely rural economies into industrial and export powerhouses. The economic performance has also been matched by their political progress. Both South Korea and Taiwan the largest of the NICs - have experimented with political reforms in recent years. This course is about the political economy of development in the East Asian NICs. It is an attempt to examine the reasons for their economic success and the determinants of the policy choices they have made. In particular, our inquiry focuses on issues such as the role of the state vis-a-vis market in the process of economic development, export oriented industrialization vis-a-vis import-substitution industrialization and the nature of the state that has made possible implementation of certain development strategies. The course also explores the issues related to trade liberalization and financial opening and the political impact of economic growth in these countries. A midterm exam, a short paper and a final exam are required. Cost:4 WL:1 (Huang)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (Excl).

This is a seminar that is designed to introduce students to the Honors program in political science and the process of research design leading to the defense of a thesis prospectus.. Students must be admitted to the program before enrolling in the course. (Hall)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course seeks to explore the nature, evolution and institutionalization of American Political Parties in both their historical and contemporary manifestations. It will cover the major theories or parties, the major concepts about parties and the essential controversies surrounding political parties in this political system. The approach will be both quantitative and qualitative in scope. In addition to probing and analyzing the major parties in the political process, it will likewise survey the minor/third parties as well as the African American and Mexican American political parties. Students will be evaluated on the bases of their performance on an exam, a book review and an empirically based term paper. The class will have four required texts and the method of instruction will include lectures, discussions and some lab work for the final paper. (Walton)

488. Political Dynamics. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

Many political debates center around forecasts. Will a single presidential candidate emerge from the primaries or will we have a brokered convention? Do arms races lead to war? Why do popular movements get started, grow, and then subside without accomplishing their goals? Is the earth growing warmer and what should be done about it? Social systems change, and they do so organically. The parts of the system influence each other, and they behave in different ways at different times. Hence unaided intuitive forecasting is difficult. The purpose of this course is to bring systems thinking to bear on political dynamics. A few simple but powerful ideas will be taught and applied to a variety of political issues. Students will learn to experiment with dynamics and forecasting on personal computers, using primary graphical methods. The course is meant to be introductory, experimental, and applied rather than theoretical. There is no prerequisite. Cost:3 WL:1 (Achen)

492. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study course on an individual research topic that is developed between an individual student and a faculty member.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Public Policy Formation.
This is a small undergraduate seminar which emphasizes discussion and independent written work, rather than lectures and examination. We will review writings on public policy formation, concentrating on agenda-setting and giving some, but less, attention to decision-making and implementation. Students will write very short weekly commentaries on each week's readings, and will discuss the readings in seminar sessions. Each student will also work throughout the term on a research paper which will use primary sources involving a case of policy formation of the student's choosing. Some of the seminar sessions will be devoted to those student projects. Cost:2 WL:1 (Kingdon)

Section 002 Decision Making. This course will examine decision making as part of the behavior in which organizational members engage. This, we will begin by exploring briefly who is behaving and how meaning is attributed to behavior. This some common ways of thinking about decision making (as rational behavior, as political behavior, as routine following behavior, as symbolic behavior) will be discussed. This course will end with an examination of the usefulness of the concept of decision making. (Feldman)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Ethnicity and Politics in the Former Soviet Union.
This seminar is designed for those with some background in Soviet or East European politics. It examines the nationalities of the former USSR, policies which affect them, the ideology which informs those policies, and the reactions of the nationalities to state policies. We examine the historical and ideological development of Soviet nationality policy and then analyze several aspects of ethnopolitics: language and personnel policies, resource allocation, ethnicity and religion, ethnic relations, and demography. The seminar concludes with an examination of the current crisis in Soviet ethnopolitics. The course emphasizes reading and the writing of papers, including a major research paper. There are no examinations. Cost:2 WL:1 (Gitelman)

Section 002: Modern British Politics. This seminar will focus on continuities and change in British politics in the post-WWII era. We will review the British constitution and the process and structure of government. We will focus heavily on political participation, interest groups, political parties and elections. We will also discuss the distribution of power in Britain and the political impact of mass media. By way of answering the question "What is distinctive about the British experience?" we will compare Britain with other advanced industrial democracies. (Semetko)

Section 003 Democracy and Representation. There are many different types of democratic political systems, and each creates different opportunities for citizens to control what politicians do. After exploring the concept of political representation, as well as the abstract properties of majority rule, this seminar analyzes choices that different democratic countries have made in an effort to force politicians to pay attention to the demands of citizens. We will be particularly concerned with situations where countries must deal with the demands of permanent minorities, such as French speakers in Canada or Catholics in Northern Ireland. We will conclude by considering proposed alternatives to the current conceptualization of the democratic nation-state. Students will be evaluated based on (a) participation in the discussion of the readings, (b) presentations made to the class, and (c) an original research paper. The readings for the seminar will include political philosophy, formal models of choice processes, and empirical studies of representation. I anticipate that the course will be rather expensive (more than 75 dollars). (Huber)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (3). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 002 Global system change: measurement and explanation.
In almost every generation over the past two centuries, many people have proclaimed that change has never been so dramatic and that everything is quite different now than it was a generation earlier. As we move to the end of this century, we once again hear all of these assertions of turbulence and radical change. In this undergraduate seminar, we will examine such propositions in terms of the international system, its composition, its structure, its culture, and the behavior of the political entities that constitute the system. We will look at indicators of such change and continuity - where relevant data have been generated, and will try to develop indicators where such has not yet been done. In addition, we will measure the rates and directions of change in these quantitative indicators and assess the trend lines and cycles that emerge, covering the period from the Napoleonic War to the current day; predictions into the future will also be attempted. Prior knowledge of statistics and other forms of scientific method, while desirable, is not required. Texts not yet selected, but The New State of the World Atlas is a likely option. Permission based on transcript and two writing /thinking samples is required; submit to me in November and December. (Singer)

Section 003 Arab-Israel Conflict Seminar. This seminar treats the Arab-Israel conflict as a series of overlapping disputes between European Zionists and Arabs of Palestine, European imperialists and Arabs of Palestine, Israel and front-line Arab states, as well as conflicts among the Arab states and between them and Palestinian Arabs. Competition among the Great Powers, rivalry among regional actors, and domestic political constraints on inter-state behavior are three levels of analysis for the seminar. A computer-assisted conference will be used. Cost:4 WL:5. This course is a seminar and it is very doubtful if any overrides will be given. (Tanter)

512/Soc. 512. Detroit Area Study. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See Political Science 512. (Steeh)

586/IPPS 586. Organizational Design. Pol. Sci. 585 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).
Section 001.
This course is designed to acquaint students with organizations from several perspectives. One perspective is the individual working in the context of an organization. Most people graduating from IPPS will be working in organizations, and this course should help them think about what kinds of organizations and what kinds of positions are most appropriate for them. Another perspective is related to this first one in that within organizations, most people will be working with other people. The course should acquaint the student with some of the issues involved in working in small groups. The third perspective is of the analyst who will be asked to do analyses that are organizationally sensitive and to propose appropriate solutions. Finally, and related to the third perspective is that many people who graduate from this program will sooner or later be making managerial decisions. The course presents theory and opportunities for practice relevant to the last two concerns. Students will need to obtain readings from three sources. There is a course pack available at Dollar Bill. The Machine that Changed the World, Womack, et. al. is available at Ulrichs. There are also case materials that will be ordered through IPPS. The major assignments in this course consist of two briefings which will be carried out by small groups and two projects which have both group and individual components. In addition there will be readings, discussions and at least one "think piece" assignment. (Feldman)

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